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Fetal Abdominal Circumference

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81. Maternal fruit and vegetable or vitamin C consumption during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth and infant growth up to 6 months: results from the Korean Mothers and Children’s Environmental Health (MOCEH) cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

associated with the biparietal diameter of the fetus and infant's weight from birth to 6 months. Also, maternal vitamin C intake was positively associated with the abdominal circumference of the fetus and infant birth length. In addition, there was a significant inverse relationship between consumption of fruits and vegetables (below the median compared to above the median of ≥519 g/d) and the risk of low growth (<25th percentile) of biparietal diameter (odds ratio (OR): 2.220; 95% confidence interval (...) Maternal fruit and vegetable or vitamin C consumption during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth and infant growth up to 6 months: results from the Korean Mothers and Children’s Environmental Health (MOCEH) cohort study Based on data obtained from pregnant women who participated in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study in South Korea, we aimed to determine whether maternal intake of fruits and vegetables or vitamin C is associated with fetal and infant growth.A

2018 Nutrition journal

82. WHO Fetal Growth Charts

with retarded growth Device: ultrasound The compulsory ultrasound measurements to be obtained at all visits include the following biometrical parameters: Biparietal diameter Head circumference Abdominal circumference Femur length Humerus length Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Proportion of fetuses with abnormal fetal growth diagnosed using WHO fetal charts [ Time Frame: 8 months ] correlation of fetal growth pattern with neonatal birth weight and outcome Eligibility Criteria Go (...) of high-risk pregnancies,the current reference ranges used worldwide are largely based on single populations from a few high-income countries and are therefore of uncertain general applicability. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Fetal Growth Complications Device: ultrasound Detailed Description: Against this background, WHO made it a high priority to provide fetal growth charts for estimated fetal weight and common ultrasound biometric measurements intended for worldwide use. WHO study

2018 Clinical Trials

83. Comparison of the Hadlock and INTERGROWTH 21<sup>st</sup> formulas for calculating estimated fetal weight in a preterm population in France. (Abstract)

the EPIPAGE 2 population-based study of births between 22-34 weeks of gestation, we included 578 nonanomalous singleton fetuses with an ultrasound-to-delivery interval <2 days. We used abdominal circumference, head circumference, and femur length to calculate estimated fetal weight with Hadlock formula and abdominal and head circumferences to calculate estimated fetal weight according to INTERGROWTH. The mean percentage errors and the proportions of estimated fetal weight measures within ±10 (...) Comparison of the Hadlock and INTERGROWTH 21st formulas for calculating estimated fetal weight in a preterm population in France. Accurate estimation of fetal weight is needed for growth monitoring and decision-making in obstetrics; the INTERGROWTH project developed an estimated fetal weight formula to construct new intrauterine growth standards.We sought to compare the accuracy of the Hadlock and INTERGROWTH formulas for the estimation of fetal weight among preterm infants.Using

2018 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

84. Ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight: development of new model and assessment of performance of previous models. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Euclidean distance and highest proportion of AE ≤ 10%, were provided by the formulae incorporating ≥ 3 rather than < 3 biometrical measurements. The systematic review identified 45 studies describing a total of 70 models for EFW by various combinations of measurements of fetal head circumference (HC), biparietal diameter, femur length (FL) and abdominal circumference (AC). The most accurate model with the lowest Euclidean distance and highest proportion of AE ≤ 10% was provided by the formula of Hadlock (...) Ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight: development of new model and assessment of performance of previous models. To develop a new formula for ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight and evaluate the accuracy of this and all previous formulae in the prediction of birth weight.The study population consisted of 5163 singleton pregnancies with fetal biometry at 22-43 weeks' gestation and live birth of a phenotypically normal neonate within 2 days of the ultrasound examination

2018 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

85. Myoinositol Supplementation, Insulin Resistance and Fetal Sonographic Parameters in Gestational Diabetes Diet Treated

Measures : Insulin resistance [ Time Frame: Start point, and 8 weeks after ] Change from baseline to 8 weeks of HOMA-IR calculated as glycemia (mmol/L) x insulinemia (mUI/L) / 22.5 Secondary Outcome Measures : Fetal sonographic parameters [ Time Frame: Start point, 4 and 8 weeks after ] Change from baseline to 4 and 8 weeks of Biparietal diameter (cm), Femur length (cm), Abdominal circumference (cm) and Subcutaneus tissue thickness (cm) Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library (...) Myoinositol Supplementation, Insulin Resistance and Fetal Sonographic Parameters in Gestational Diabetes Diet Treated Myoinositol Supplementation, Insulin Resistance and Fetal Sonographic Parameters in Gestational Diabetes Diet Treated - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number

2018 Clinical Trials

86. Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Cardiac Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

(estimated >1% but <2% absolute risk) Maternal medications Anticonvulsants Lithium Vitamin A SSRIs (only paroxetine) NSAIDs in first/second trimester CHD in second degree relative of fetus Fetal abnormality of the umbilical cord or placenta Fetal intra-abdominal venous anomaly Not indicated (≤1% risk) Maternal gestational diabetes mellitus with HbA 1c <6% Maternal medications SSRIs (other than paroxetine) Vitamin K agonists (Coumadin), although fetal survey is recommended Maternal infection other than (...) photocoagulation of the intertwin anastomosis. , , Fetal echocardiogram is recommended in all monochorionic twin gestations. Nonimmune Hydrops Fetalis and Effusions Fetal hydrops refers to the pathological accumulation of fluid in ≥2 fetal compartments, including the pleural or pericardial spaces, abdominal cavity, integument, or placenta. The mechanism of the development of hydrops in the fetus is thought to be a combination of increased hydrostatic pressure, decreased oncotic pressure, and in some, lymphatic

2014 American Heart Association

87. Detection and measurement of fetal abdominal contour in ultrasound images via local phase information and iterative randomized Hough transform. (Abstract)

. First, a local phase-based measure called multiscale feature asymmetry (MSFA) is de ned from the monogenic signal to detect the boundaries of fetal abdomen. The MSFA measure is intensity invariant and provides an absolute measurement for the signi cance of features in the image. Second, in order to detect the ellipse that ts to the abdominal contour, the iterative randomized Hough transform is employed to exclude the interferences of the inner boundaries, after which the detected ellipse gradually (...) converges to the outer boundaries of the abdomen. Experimental results in clinical ultrasound images demonstrate the high agreement between our approach and manual approach on the measurement of abdominal circumference (mean sign difference is 0.42% and correlation coef cient is 0.9973), which indicates that the proposed approach can be used as a reliable and accurate tool for obstetrical care and diagnosis.

2014 Bio-medical materials and engineering

88. International standards for fetal growth based on serial ultrasound measurements: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. Full Text available with Trip Pro

a reliable estimate of gestational age confirmed by ultrasound measurement of fetal crown-rump length in the first trimester. The five primary ultrasound measures of fetal growth--head circumference, biparietal diameter, occipitofrontal diameter, abdominal circumference, and femur length--were obtained every 5 weeks (within 1 week either side) from 14 weeks to 42 weeks of gestation. The best fitting curves for the five measures were selected using second-degree fractional polynomials and further modelled (...) . For each of the five fetal growth measures, the mean differences between the observed and smoothed centiles for the 3rd, 50th, and 97th centiles, respectively, were small: 2·25 mm (SD 3·0), 0·02 mm (3·0), and -2·69 mm (3·2) for head circumference; 0·83 mm (0·9), -0·05 mm (0·8), and -0·84 mm (1·0) for biparietal diameter; 0·63 mm (1·2), 0·04 mm (1·1), and -1·05 mm (1·3) for occipitofrontal diameter; 2·99 mm (3·1), 0·25 mm (3·2), and -4·22 mm (3·7) for abdominal circumference; and 0·62 mm (0·8), 0·03 mm

2014 Lancet

89. Investigating the Structured Use of Ultrasound Scanning for Fetal Growth

collected ultrasound fetal measurements - Head Circumference. Physiological parameter Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound abdomen circumference [ Time Frame: 4 yrs ] Routinely collected ultrasound fetal measurements - Abdominal Circumference.Physiological parameter Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound femur length [ Time Frame: 4 yrs ] Routinely collected ultrasound fetal measurements - Femur Length. Physiological parameter Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound presentation (...) Investigating the Structured Use of Ultrasound Scanning for Fetal Growth Investigating the Structured Use of Ultrasound Scanning for Fetal Growth - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more

2017 Clinical Trials

90. The Relationship Between Second Trimester Placental Growth Factor Level and Fetal Growth Restriction

to follow up (attrition problem). Inclusion criteria: Singleton pregnancy between 13-28 weeks of gestation. Pregnant women aged 18 - 35 years Pregnant women with fetal abdominal circumference (AC) < 10th percentile for gestational age (GA) on ultrasound Exclusion criteria: To exclude any factors that cause IUGR: Chronic or gestational hypertension and/or preeclampsia Premature rupture of membranes A fetus with known chromosomal and/or congenital abnormalities confirmed after delivery. Multiple gestation (...) Hospital, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of medicine. Criteria Inclusion Criteria: - Singleton pregnancy between 13-28 weeks of gestation. Pregnant women aged 18 - 35 years Pregnant women with fetal abdominal circumference (AC) < 10th percentile for gestational age (GA) on ultrasound Exclusion Criteria: Chronic or gestational hypertension and/or preeclampsia Premature rupture of membranes A fetus with known chromosomal and/or congenital abnormalities confirmed after delivery. Multiple

2017 Clinical Trials

91. Maternal weight gain and associations with longitudinal fetal growth in dichorionic twin pregnancies: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and 21 to 27 wk (second trimester) was significantly associated with increased fetal weight at 21 wk [increase of 10.5 g/kg maternal weight gain (95% CI: 1.2, 19.8 g)] and 28 wk [increase of 21.3 g/kg maternal weight gain (95% CI: 0.6, 42.0 g)]. Maternal weight gain from 14 to 20 wk was associated with increased twin abdominal circumference (AC) and biparietal diameter at 21 wk. Maternal weight gain from 21 to 27 wk was associated with increased femur and humerus lengths at 28 wk.Conclusion: Maternal (...) Maternal weight gain and associations with longitudinal fetal growth in dichorionic twin pregnancies: a prospective cohort study. Background: Maternal metabolic demands are much greater with twin gestations; however, there are no accepted recommendations for maternal weight gain in twin pregnancies.Objective: We assessed the association of maternal weight gain and fetal growth in dichorionic twins throughout pregnancy.Design: This was a prospective US cohort study (n = 143, 2012-2013

2017 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

92. Quality control of ultrasound for fetal biometry: results from the INTERGROWTH-21<sup>st</sup> Project. Full Text available with Trip Pro

examination, three fetal biometric variables (head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL)) were measured in triplicate on separately generated images. All measurements were taken in a blinded fashion. QC had two elements: (1) qualitative QC: visual assessment by sonographers at each study site of their images based on specific criteria, with 10% of images being re-assessed at the Oxford-based Ultrasound Quality Unit (compared using an adjusted kappa statistic); and (2 (...) Quality control of ultrasound for fetal biometry: results from the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. To assess a comprehensive package of ultrasound quality control in the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project, a large multicenter study of fetal growth.Quality control (QC) measures were performed for 20 313 ultrasound scan images obtained prospectively from 4321 fetuses at 14-41 weeks' gestation in eight geographical locations. At the time of each ultrasound

2017 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

93. Subclinical Changes in Maternal Thyroid Function Parameters in Pregnancy and Fetal Growth. Full Text available with Trip Pro

score decrease (∼8.5 g) in birth weight (β = -0.41 for ln-transformed FT4; 95% confidence interval, -0.64 to -0.18). FT4 was also inversely associated with repeated measurements of estimated fetal weight, head circumference, and abdominal circumference. We observed weaker inverse associations for total T4 and a positive relationship between total triiodothyronine and birth weight z scores. We did not observe any associations for thyroid-stimulating hormone.In pregnant women without overt thyroid (...) Subclinical Changes in Maternal Thyroid Function Parameters in Pregnancy and Fetal Growth. Overt thyroid disease in pregnancy is a known risk factor for abnormal fetal growth and development. Data on the effects of milder forms of variation in maternal thyroid function on intrauterine growth are less well examined.We explored these associations using repeated thyroid hormone and ultrasound measurements.Data were obtained from 439 pregnant women without diagnosed thyroid disease who were

2017 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

94. Fetal growth and birth anthropometrics in metformin exposed offspring born to mothers with PCOS. Full Text available with Trip Pro

analysis of a randomized controlled trial.Double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.258 offspring born to mothers with PCOS.2000 mg metformin (n = 131) or placebo (n = 121) from first trimester to delivery.Mean abdominal diameter and biparietal diameter (BPD) at gestational weeks 19 and 32. Head circumference (HC), birth length, and weight related to a reference population of healthy offspring, expressed as gestational age- and sex-adjusted z-scores.Metformin- versus placebo-exposed offspring (...) Fetal growth and birth anthropometrics in metformin exposed offspring born to mothers with PCOS. Metformin is used in an attempt to reduce pregnancy complications associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Little is known about the effect of metformin on fetal development and growth.To compare the effect of metformin versus placebo on fetal growth and birth anthropometrics in PCOS offspring compared with a reference population in relation to maternal body mass index (BMI).Post hoc

2017 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Controlled trial quality: predicted high

95. Fetal somatic growth trajectory differs by type of congenital heart disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fetal somatic growth trajectory differs by type of congenital heart disease. BackgroundThe growth trajectories of common measurements, including estimated fetal weight (EFW), head circumference (HC), and abdominal circumference (AC), in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) have not been described for different cardiac lesions. We hypothesized that (i) fetuses with CHD have differential growth in utero, and (ii) different categories of CHD demonstrate different in utero growth (...) curves.MethodsWe performed a retrospective observational cohort study of pregnancies with known fetal CHD seen from January 2000 to June 2013. For analysis, the infants were divided into single ventricle (SV), biventricular conotruncal, d-transposition of great arteries (d-TGA), biventricular septal defects (SD; including atrial, ventricular, and atrioventricular SD), and all others (Other).ResultsA total of 194 newborns met inclusion criteria. There was significant differential growth of EFW in all CHD types

2017 Pediatric Research

96. Risk of operative delivery for intrapartum fetal compromise in small-for-gestational-age fetuses at term: an internally validated prediction model. (Abstract)

a predictive model for the risk of operative delivery for presumed intrapartum fetal compromise in fetuses suspected to be small for gestational age at term.This was a single-center cohort study of small-for-gestational-age fetuses, defined as estimated fetal weight below the 10th centile in singleton pregnancies at term. The variables included known risk factors for operative delivery because of fetal compromise: maternal characteristics, estimated fetal weight, abdominal circumference, Doppler parameters (...) , 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.73) using only the antenatal risk factors included parity, abdominal circumference centile, gestational age at delivery beyond 39 weeks' gestation, and the cerebroplacental ratio multiples of median. The combined model (area under the curve, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-0.80), using both the antenatal and intrapartum risk factors, included the gestational age at delivery beyond 39 weeks' gestation (odds ratio, 1.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.56

2017 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

97. Fetal growth standards in gastroschisis: Reference values for ultrasound measurements. (Abstract)

, 10th, 50th, 90th, and 95th centiles being established for biometric parameters according to gestational age. Curves were obtained, comparing with normal reference via the Mann-Whitney test. UA Doppler velocimetry patterns were obtained.A total of 434 examinations were performed, and centiles were established for biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur length, and estimated fetal weight. A significant difference was observed between the gastroschisis measurements when (...) compared to control, with all curves shifted downwards. Abdominal circumference was the parameter presenting the largest difference. Estimated fetal weight was also lower, with mean difference of 256.3 ± 166.8 g for the 50th centile (P < .0001). UA Doppler velocimetry was normal in 97.5%.Fetuses with gastroschisis show symmetrical growth deficits in the second and third trimesters, with normal UA Doppler velocimetry. These results reinforce the hypothesis that they are constitutionally smaller, yet

2017 Prenatal diagnosis

98. Fetal biometric parameters: Reference charts for a non-selected risk population from Uberaba, Brazil Full Text available with Trip Pro

) was measured at the level of the thalami and cavum septi pellucidi. Head circumference (HC) was calculated by the following formula: HC = 1.62*(BPD + occipital frontal diameter, OFD). Abdominal circumference (AC) was measured using the following formula: AC = (anteroposterior diameter + transverse abdominal diameter) × 1.57. Femur diaphysis length (FDL) was obtained in the longest axis of femur without including the distal femoral epiphysis. The estimated fetal weight (EFW) was obtained by the Hadlock (...) Fetal biometric parameters: Reference charts for a non-selected risk population from Uberaba, Brazil To establish reference charts for fetal biometric parameters in a non-selected risk population from Uberaba, Southeast of Brazil.A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed among 5656 non-selected risk singleton pregnant women between 14 and 41 weeks of gestation. The ultrasound exams were performed during routine visits of second and third trimesters. Biparietal diameter (BPD

2017 Journal of Ultrasonography

99. Polyhydramnios or Excessive Fetal Growth Are Markers for Abnormal Perinatal Outcome in Euglycemic Pregnancies Full Text available with Trip Pro

(abdominal circumference > 95th percentile) on two-third trimester examinations were studied. Maternal demographics, delivery, and neonatal information were recorded. Cases were compared with a reference group (normal oGCT with neither abnormal third-trimester growth nor polyhydramnios). A total of 282 pregnancies were in the study group, and 663 were in the reference group. Deliveries in the study group were at a higher risk for birth weight (BW)% > 90%, standard deviation, and postpartum hemorrhage (...) Polyhydramnios or Excessive Fetal Growth Are Markers for Abnormal Perinatal Outcome in Euglycemic Pregnancies  This study aims to investigate the perinatal outcome of fetuses with polyhydramnios and/or accelerated growth among women with a normal oral glucose challenge test (oGCT). Singleton, nonanomalous pregnancies with an oGCT(< 130 mg/dL) at 24 to 28 weeks, who subsequently demonstrate polyhydramnios (amniotic fluid index > 24 cm or maximum vertical pocket > 8 cm) and/or accelerated growth

2017 American journal of perinatology

100. A Systematic Evaluation of Ultrasound-based Fetal Weight Estimation Models on Indian Population Full Text available with Trip Pro

, gestational age ≥34 weeks and ultrasound scan to delivery duration ≤7 days. Cases with fetal growth restriction or malformation were excluded. The cases were divided into standard weight bands of 500 g each based on newborns' actual birth weights (ABW). For each weight band, performance of 12 different models based on abdominal circumference (AC), biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC) and femur length (FL) was evaluated by mean percentage error (MPE) and its standard deviation (random error (...) A Systematic Evaluation of Ultrasound-based Fetal Weight Estimation Models on Indian Population The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate ultrasound-based fetal weight estimation models on Indian population to find out their performance across different weight bands and ability to correctly categorize low birth weight (LBW) and high birth weight (HBW) fetuses.We used retrospectively collected data of 154 cases for the study. Inclusion criteria were a live singleton pregnancy

2017 Journal of medical ultrasound

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