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704 results for

Fetal Abdominal Circumference

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701. Nomograms of the axial fetal cerebellar hemisphere circumference and area throughout gestation. (Full text)

study involved pregnant patients between 14 and 41 weeks of gestation. Inclusion criteria consisted of well-established dates (confirmed by early ultrasound), non-anomalous singleton fetuses and intact amniotic membranes. Sonographic measurements included biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL), humerus length (HL), TCD, and estimated fetal weight (EFW). Values of axial fetal CHC and CHA were each calculated as the mean of three separate (...) Nomograms of the axial fetal cerebellar hemisphere circumference and area throughout gestation. The widely applied transcerebellar diameter (TCD) obtained at axial cranial imaging, measures the distance between the lateral aspects of the cerebellum and incorporates the width of the cerebellar vermis. Our objective was to create reference ranges of axial fetal cerebellar hemisphere circumference (CHC) and area (CHA), independent of the cerebellar vermis, throughout gestation.This cross-sectional

2007 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

702. Detecting fetal macrosomia with abdominal circumference alone. (PubMed)

Detecting fetal macrosomia with abdominal circumference alone. To determine if abdominal circumference (AC) can identify macrosomia (> or = 4,000 g) at or beyond 37 weeks.Prospectively, parturients at term admitted for delivery underwent sonographic mensuration of AC. A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to determine if AC can differentiate between normal (birth weight < 3,999 g) and macrosomia. A likelihood ratio was calculated. P < .05 was considered significant.The

2003 Journal of Reproductive Medicine

703. Evaluation of the measurement of the fetal fat layer, interventricular septum and abdominal circumference percentile in the prediction of macrosomia in pregnancies affected by gestational diabetes. (Full text)

Evaluation of the measurement of the fetal fat layer, interventricular septum and abdominal circumference percentile in the prediction of macrosomia in pregnancies affected by gestational diabetes. To evaluate the measurement of the fetal abdominal fat layer (FFL), cardiac interventricular septum (IVS) and abdominal circumference (AC) percentile in the early third trimester as predictors of macrosomia at birth in the fetuses of women with gestational diabetes.Ninety patients attending (...) the hospital's special diabetic clinic were recruited prospectively. FFL and IVS were measured in addition to the routine biometry in the early third trimester. AC was measured routinely and AC percentile was determined from established antenatal charts. These measurements were then assessed as predictors of macrosomia.A fetal fat layer of >/=5 mm was the most useful predictor of macrosomia at term as assessed using the likelihood ratio. An AC >/=90th percentile, however, had a better sensitivity.The

2003 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

704. Amniotic fluid insulin levels and fetal abdominal circumference at time of amniocentesis in pregnancies with diabetes. (PubMed)

Amniotic fluid insulin levels and fetal abdominal circumference at time of amniocentesis in pregnancies with diabetes. Fetal hyperinsulinism is a strong predictor for excessive growth and fetopathy in pregnancies complicated by diabetes. We examined (i). the relationship between measurements of amniotic fluid insulin (AF insulin) and fetal abdominal circumference (AC) at the time of amniocentesis, and (ii). whether there is a threshold for fetal AC percentiles which can identify low vs. high (...) with fetal hyperinsulinism with an AF insulin >or= 16 microU/ml. All 10 cases of AF insulin >or= 16 microU/ml were identified with a NPV of 100% (74/74).Our data indicate that an AC >or= 75th percentile determined by a 3rd trimester ultrasound examination may discriminate between pregnancies at low vs. high risk for AF insulin >or= 16 microU/ml. This AF insulin concentration corresponds to a level of hyperinsulinism reported to be associated with considerable neonatal and long term morbidity.

2003 Diabetic Medicine

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