How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

941 results for

Fetal Abdominal Circumference

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

41. A maternal "mixed, high sugar" dietary pattern is associated with fetal growth. Full Text available with Trip Pro

pattern score, baseline BMI (kg/m2 ), and GWG (kg/week) and the following fetal growth outcomes: (a) biparietal diameter (cm), (b) head circumference (cm), (c) abdominal circumference (cm), and (d) femur length (cm). In the pooled LMM, a +1 standard deviation (SD) increase in the mixed, high sugar dietary pattern score was associated with higher biparietal diameter (0.03 cm/+1 SD; p = .007), head circumference (0.07 cm/+1 SD; p = .026), abdominal circumference (0.08 cm/+1 SD; p = .038), and femur (...) length (0.02 cm/+1 SD; p = .015). Although these associations were independent of maternal BMI and GWG, higher baseline BMI was independently and positively associated with abdominal circumference (0.03 cm/+1 kg/m2 ; p = .011) and femur length (0.01 cm/+1 kg/m2 ; p = .007) and 1 kg/week greater GWG was associated with a 0.82 cm increase in abdominal circumference (p = .007). In urban African settings, where preconception maternal obesity prevalence is high and processed, high sugar diets are common

2020 Maternal & child nutrition

42. Cranial sonographic markers of fetal open spina bifida at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation. (Abstract)

bone distance (BS/BSOB), and maxillo-occipital (MO) line were assessed on sagittal view, whereas biparietal diameter (BPD), BPD to abdominal circumference ratio (BPD/AC), and aqueduct to occipital bone (aqueduct of Sylvius [AoS]) distance were measured on the axial plane. Reference ranges were developed, and cases of spina bifida were examined in relation to the reference range.On the sagittal view, detection rates for IT below the fifth percentile, BS/BSOB above the 95th percentile (...) Cranial sonographic markers of fetal open spina bifida at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation. To compare the sonographic signs of spina bifida obtained on axial and sagittal views of the fetal head between 11 and 13+6 weeks of gestation.This was a retrospective study including 27 cases of spina bifida and 1003 randomly selected controls. Indirect markers of spina bifida were evaluated on stored ultrasound images. Intracranial translucency (IT), ratio between the brainstem and the brainstem-occipital

2020 Prenatal diagnosis

43. Association of Maternal Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants in Early Pregnancy With Fetal Growth. (Abstract)

and polyfluoroalkyl substances, 1 polybrominated biphenyl, 9 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 44 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and 11 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). The bayesian kernel machine regression method was used to examine chemical class mixtures, and generalized additive mixed model was used to analyze individual chemicals.Fourteen fetal biometrics were measured, including head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur length, within 5 ultrasonography appointments.A total of 2284 (...) among boys only.This study found that, among pregnant women with low POP levels, a mixture of OCPs was negatively associated with most fetal growth measures and that mixtures of PBDEs and dioxin-like PCBs were associated with reduced abdominal circumference. These findings suggested that, although exposures may be low, associations with fetal growth are apparent.

2020 JAMA pediatrics

44. Fetal biometry assessment with Intergrowth 21st's and Salomon's equations in rural Burkina Faso. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in Nazoanga, Burkina Faso, between October 2010 and October 2012, during a clinical trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of several antimalarial treatments in pregnant women were analyzed. We included singleton pregnancies at 16-36 weeks gestation as determined by ultrasound measurements of fetal bi-parietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL). Expected mean and standard deviation at a given gestational age was computed using equations from (...) Fetal biometry assessment with Intergrowth 21st's and Salomon's equations in rural Burkina Faso. Ultrasound scanning during the 2nd or the 3rd trimester of pregnancy for fetal size disturbances screening is heavily dependent of the choice of the reference chart. This study aimed to assess the agreement of Salomon and the Intergrowth 21st equations in evaluating fetal biometric measurements in a rural area of Burkina Faso, and to measure the effect of changing a reference chart.Data collected

2020 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

45. A Comparison of Methods for the Diagnosis of Fetal Growth Restriction Between the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (Abstract)

A Comparison of Methods for the Diagnosis of Fetal Growth Restriction Between the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) defines fetal growth restriction as ultrasound-estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile or abdominal circumference less than the 10th percentile; the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) defines fetal growth (...) 30 days of delivery. Estimated fetal weights and percentiles were calculated using the Hadlock intrauterine growth curve. Small for gestational age was defined as birth weight less than the 10th percentile based on a recent, sex-specific curve. We calculated the area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios for various approaches using abdominal circumference and estimated fetal weight to diagnose fetal growth restriction, including the definitions

2018 EvidenceUpdates

46. Modulation of the Intestinal Flora With the Probiotic VIVOMIXXâ„¢ in Pregnant Women at Risk of Metabolic Complications

to the patients at each visit. Height will be assessed at Visit 1, while the following parameters will be measured at each visit: weight, waits/hip circumference ratio, arterial blood pressure, plasma hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Ht), fasting glycemia, fasting insulin and fasting glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c1). A blood sample for the evaluation of homocysteine will be taken as well as urine and a faeces sample will be collected for nuclear-magnetic-resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics and intestinal microbiota (...) analysis. Furthermore, an Arm-band will be positioned for monitoring sleep and physical activities for one week at each visit. At Visit 2 and 3 data regarding ultrasound examinations (Amniotic fluid index, abdominal circumference, cephalic circumference ratio) will be also collected. Two-three days after delivery (Visit 4) data regarding the delivery (mode of delivery, gestational age at delivery) as well as the newborn (Apgar score, glycemia and serum bilirubin) were collected. Moreover, a sample

2016 Clinical Trials

47. Fetal 3D Study (Fetal Body Composition and Volumes Study)

additional image and 3D volume acquisition for later analysis. Ultrasound measurements at each follow-up visit included standard fetal biometrics ((BPD, HC, AC, FL) and the following volumes in the singleton study if they were able to be obtained: 1st trimester: fetus and gestational sac; 2nd and 3rd trimesters: head, cerebellum, face, chest, heart, abdomen, pelvis, arm and thigh. In twins, the volumes collected were 1st trimester: fetus and gestational sac and in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters the thigh (...) Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Standards for fetal body composition and organ volumes by maternal race/ethnicity [ Time Frame: 3 years ] Growth trajectories in singletons and dichorionic twin pregnancies will be created using two- and selected three-dimensional ultrasound measures. Measures in singletons include fetal body composition from 2D abdominal circumference, arm and thigh volumes; cerebellum; adrenal glands; kidneys; liver; pancreas; lungs; first trimester gestational sac

2017 Clinical Trials

48. The World Health Organization Fetal Growth Charts: A Multinational Longitudinal Study of Ultrasound Biometric Measurements and Estimated Fetal Weight. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, even after adjusting for gestational age. Thirty-one women had a miscarriage, and three fetuses had intrauterine death. The 8,203 sets of ultrasound measurements were scrutinized for outliers and leverage points, and those measurements taken at 14 to 40 wk were selected for analysis. A total of 7,924 sets of ultrasound measurements were analyzed by quantile regression to establish longitudinal reference intervals for fetal head circumference, biparietal diameter, humerus length, abdominal (...) The World Health Organization Fetal Growth Charts: A Multinational Longitudinal Study of Ultrasound Biometric Measurements and Estimated Fetal Weight. Perinatal mortality and morbidity continue to be major global health challenges strongly associated with prematurity and reduced fetal growth, an issue of further interest given the mounting evidence that fetal growth in general is linked to degrees of risk of common noncommunicable diseases in adulthood. Against this background, WHO made

2017 PLoS medicine

49. Fetal growth standards: the NICHD fetal growth study approach in context with INTERGROWTH-21st and the World Health Organization Multicentre Growth Reference Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

a pooled reference, although they evaluated for and presented country differences, along with discussion of the implications. The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study was designed to assess whether racial/ethnic-specific fetal growth standards were needed, in recognition of the fact that fetal size is commonly estimated from dimensions (head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur length) in which there are known differences in children (...) for the best physiological growth for children aged 0-5 years. INTERGROWTH made the same assumption (ie, that there would be no differences internationally among countries or racial/ethnic groups in fetal growth when conditions were optimal). INTERGROWTH found differences in crown-rump length and head circumference among countries but interpreted the differences as not meaningful and presented a pooled standard. The World Health Organization Multicentre Growth Reference Study was designed to create

2017 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

50. Association of Maternal Obesity With Longitudinal Ultrasonographic Measures of Fetal Growth: Findings From the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-dimensional ultrasonograms to capture weekly fetal growth data throughout the remainder of their pregnancies.On each ultrasonogram, fetal humerus length, femur length, biparietal diameter, head circumference, and abdominal circumference were measured. Fetal growth curves were estimated using linear mixed models with cubic splines. Median differences in the fetal measures at each gestational week of the obese and nonobese participants were examined using the likelihood ratio and Wald tests after adjustment (...) 70.2 mm; P = .01; median humerus length, 62.2 vs 61.6 mm; P = .03). Averaged across gestation, head circumference was significantly larger in fetuses of obese women than those of nonobese women (P = .02). Fetal abdominal circumference was not greater in the obese cohort than in the nonobese cohort but was significantly larger than in fetuses of normal-weight women (with body mass indexes between 19.0-24.9) commencing at 32 weeks (median, 282.1 vs 280.2 mm; P = .04). Starting from 30 weeks

2017 JAMA pediatrics

51. Fractional Fetal Thigh Volume in the prediction of normal and abnormal fetal growth during the third trimester of pregnancy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

<3rd customized birthweight centile. Logistic regression was used to compare estimated fetal weight (Hadlock), estimated fetal weight (biparietal diameter-abdominal circumference-fractional thigh volume), fractional thigh volume, and abdominal circumference for the prediction of small for gestational age or fetal growth restriction at birth. Screening performance was assessed using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.There was a better correlation between fractional thigh volume (...) and estimated fetal weight ((biparietal diameter-abdominal circumference-fractional thigh volume) obtained at 34-36 weeks with birthweight than between 2-dimensional biometry measures such as abdominal circumference and estimated fetal weight (Hadlock). There was also a modest improvement in the detection of both small for gestational age and fetal growth restriction using fractional thigh volume-derived measures compared to standard 2-dimensional measurements (area under receiver operating characteristic

2017 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

52. A revisit of the fetal foot length and fetal measurements in early pregnancy sonography Full Text available with Trip Pro

A revisit of the fetal foot length and fetal measurements in early pregnancy sonography To present the fetal measurements in relation to the foot length at 10-16 weeks gestation on antenatal ultrasound.We reviewed the fetal measurements in 47 scans performed at 10-16 weeks gestation in women attending routine antenatal care. The fetal measurements and measurement ratios were examined in relation to the foot length.The fetal biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur (...) length and foot length increase linearly with the gestational age at 10-16 weeks gestation. The correlation between fetal foot length and fetal biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference and femur length are better than with the crown rump length. The femur length to foot length ratio and the femur length to abdominal circumference ratios increase with the gestational age in an inverse relationship throughout the same period.Fetal foot length is an accurate estimate

2017 International journal of women's health

53. Significance of Foetal Transcerebellar Diameter in Foetal Biometry: A Pilot Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Significance of Foetal Transcerebellar Diameter in Foetal Biometry: A Pilot Study The most important parameter needed for appropriate management of pregnant women is accurate Gestational Age (GA). Routine sonographic estimation of GA by using Biparietal Diameter (BPD), Femur Length (FL), Abdominal Circumference (AC) and Head Circumference (HC) assumed important role in management of pregnancy. However, these parameters have limitations. BPD and HC are not reliable in case of moulding of foetal (...) head in third trimester. Similarly, femur length is shortened in cases of achondroplasia. Transcerebellar Diameter (TCD) was developed as an alternative parameter of foetal brain growth and for estimation of GA.To evaluate accuracy of predicting GA using Foetal Transcerebellar Diameter (TCD) and to compare between TCD and other existing parameters in evaluating GA in 15 to 40 weeks of gestation.A prospective study was carried out in 100 pregnant women between 15 to 40 weeks of gestation, who came

2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

54. Head Circumference

Head Circumference Head Circumference Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Head Circumference Head Circumference Aka: Head (...) Circumference , Microcephaly , Microcephalic Infant , Macrocephaly , Macrocephalic Infant II. Exam: Head Size Measurement Normal term newborn Head Circumference: 33 to 38 cm Technique Measuring tape around frontal forehead and occiput Take largest of several measurements III. Causes: Macrocephaly Familial with inheritance Other conditions (skeletal dysplasia) Sotos' Syndrome ( ) Alexander's Disease Canavan's Disease Gangliosidoses Glutaric aciduria Type I Type I IV. Causes: Microcephaly Familial Trisomy 13

2018 FP Notebook

55. Antenatal corticosteriods given to women prior to birth to improve fetal, infant, child and adult health

or gestational diabetes at risk of preterm birth 210 14.8 Women with systemic infection at trial entry at risk of preterm birth 224 14.9 Women with pregnancy associated hypertension/pre-eclampsia at risk of preterm birth 226 14.10 Women with a fetus with intrauterine growth restriction at risk of preterm birth 238 Page 2 14.11 Women with ultrasound evidence of cervical shortening /funnelling 249 14.12 Fetal fibronectin test and the use of antenatal corticosteroids in women at risk of preterm birth . 251 (...) with a fetus with intrauterine growth restriction at risk of preterm birth – Repeat course of antenatal corticosteroids 444 M35 Women with ultrasound evidence of cervical shortening /funnelling – Single course or repeat antenatal corticosteroids 448 M36 Fetal fibronectin test and the use of antenatal corticosteroids in women at risk of preterm birth – Single course or repeat antenatal corticosteroids 452 M37 Women for whom preterm birth is medically indicated for other reasons – Single course of antenatal

2015 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

56. Role of Doppler ultrasound in predicting perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by late-onset fetal growth restriction at the time of diagnosis: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and predictive accuracy of maternal and fetal Dopplers in predicting perinatal outcome of fetuses affected by late-onset FGR at the time of diagnosis.Prospective study of consecutive singleton pregnancies complicated by late-onset FGR. Estimated fetal weight (EFW), pulsatility index (PI) in the uterine, umbilical (UA), and middle cerebral (MCA) arteries, cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) and umbilical vein flow (normalized for fetal abdominal circumference) (UVBF/AC) were recorded at the time of the diagnosis (...) Role of Doppler ultrasound in predicting perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by late-onset fetal growth restriction at the time of diagnosis: a prospective cohort study. Pregnancies complicated by late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) are at increased risk of short- and long-term morbidities. Despite this, identification of cases at higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome when FGR is diagnosed is challenging. The aims of this study were to elucidate the strength of association

2019 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

57. Antenatal detection of fetal growth restriction and stillbirth risk: a population-based case-control study. (Abstract)

customized standards. Detection of fetal growth restriction (FGR) was defined by the presence of at least one of seven predefined parameters (FGR or growth faltering mentioned in medical records or ultrasound reports, documented abdominal circumference or estimated fetal weight <10th percentile, prescription of additional ultrasounds to monitor growth or abnormal umbilical Doppler). We used logistic regression to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) of the association of detection with stillbirth (...) Antenatal detection of fetal growth restriction and stillbirth risk: a population-based case-control study. Antenatal surveillance of intrauterine growth aims to detect growth restricted fetuses who face higher risks of stillbirth. Improving detection could be an effective strategy for stillbirth prevention. The REPERE study was conducted to estimate the association between antenatal detection of small for gestational age (SGA) and stillbirth risk in France.REPERE is a case-control study

2019 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

58. Effect of sildenafil on maternal hemodynamics in pregnancies complicated by severe early-onset fetal growth restriction: planned subgroup analysis from a multicenter randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, the Dutch trial was stopped prematurely due to excess neonatal mortality secondary to pulmonary hypertension. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sildenafil on maternal hemodynamics in pregnancies with severe early-onset FGR.In this UK multicenter, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 135 women with singleton pregnancies and severe early-onset FGR (defined as a combination of estimated fetal weight or abdominal circumference below the 10th centile and absent/reversed (...) Effect of sildenafil on maternal hemodynamics in pregnancies complicated by severe early-onset fetal growth restriction: planned subgroup analysis from a multicenter randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is associated with maternal cardiovascular changes. Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, potentiates the actions of nitric oxide and has been proposed to alter maternal hemodynamics, potentially improving placental perfusion. Recently

2019 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

59. Blood-based biomarkers in the maternal circulation associated with fetal growth restriction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Blood-based biomarkers in the maternal circulation associated with fetal growth restriction. Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is associated with threefold to fourfold increased risk of stillbirth. Identifying FGR, through its commonly used surrogate-the small-for-gestational-age (SGA, estimated fetal weight and/or abdominal circumference <10th centile) fetus-and instituting fetal surveillance and timely delivery decrease stillbirth risk. Methods available to clinicians for antenatal (...) potential biomarkers to date have utilised case-control study designs without proceeding to validation in independent cohorts. To develop a robust test for FGR, large prospective studies are required with a priori validation plans and cohorts. Given that current clinical care detects 20% of SGA fetuses, even a screening test with ≥60% sensitivity at 90% specificity could be clinically useful, if developed. This may be an achievable aspiration. If discovered, such a test may decrease stillbirth.© 2019

2019 Prenatal diagnosis

60. Maternal cardiometabolic markers are associated with fetal growth: a secondary exploratory analysis of the LIMIT randomised trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of registration 9/03/2007, prospectively registered). Fetal biometry including abdominal circumference (AC), estimated fetal weight (EFW), and adiposity measurements (mid-thigh fat mass, subscapular fat mass, abdominal fat mass) were obtained from ultrasound assessments at 28 and 36 weeks' gestation. Maternal markers included C reactive protein (CRP), leptin and adiponectin concentrations, measured at 28 and 36 weeks' gestation and fasting triglycerides and glucose concentrations measured at 28 weeks (...) Maternal cardiometabolic markers are associated with fetal growth: a secondary exploratory analysis of the LIMIT randomised trial. To determine the association between maternal cardiometabolic and inflammatory markers with measures of fetal biometry and adiposity.Women included in this exploratory analysis were randomised to the 'Standard Care' group (N = 911) from the LIMIT randomised trial involving a total of 2212 pregnant women who were overweight or obese (ACTRN12607000161426, Date

2019 BMC Endocrine Disorders

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>