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Femoral Neck Stress Fracture

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81. Burnei’s technique of femoral neck variation and valgisation by using the intramedullary rod in Osteogenesis imperfecta Full Text available with Trip Pro

Burnei’s technique of femoral neck variation and valgisation by using the intramedullary rod in Osteogenesis imperfecta Varus or valgus deviations of the femoral neck in osteogenesis imperfecta have been an ignored chapter because the classic correction procedures were applied in medical practice with unsatisfying results. Until the use of telescopic rods, coronal deviations remained unsolved and the distal configuration of the proximal femoral extremity remained uncorrected or partially (...) articles in literature, which approach corrections of vara or valgus deviations in osteogenesis imperfecta. Some of them are the techniques described by Finidori, Wagner and Fassier.Burnei's technique is simple; it corrects the varus and valgus deviations concomitantly with Sofield-Millar. Even though only a telescopic rod is used, no stress fractures were seen postoperatively, deviation recurrence or assembly loss.

2014 Journal of medicine and life

82. Fundamental differences in axial and appendicular bone density in stress fractured and uninjured Royal Marine recruits--a matched case-control study. (Abstract)

, body size and physical fitness; and poor sample size. The aim of this study was to investigate bone differences between male Royal Marine recruits who suffered a stress fracture during the 32 weeks of training and uninjured control recruits, matched for age, body weight, height and aerobic fitness. A total of 1090 recruits were followed through training and 78 recruits suffered at least one stress fracture. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN (...) Fundamental differences in axial and appendicular bone density in stress fractured and uninjured Royal Marine recruits--a matched case-control study. Stress fracture is a common overuse injury within military training, resulting in significant economic losses to the military worldwide. Studies to date have failed to fully identify the bone density and bone structural differences between stress fractured personnel and controls due to inadequate adjustment for key confounding factors; namely age

2015 Bone

83. Femoral Shaft Stress Fracture

Femoral Shaft Stress Fracture Femoral Shaft Stress Fracture Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Femoral Shaft Stress (...) Fracture Femoral Shaft Stress Fracture Aka: Femoral Shaft Stress Fracture From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Less common than III. Symptoms Mild deep thigh soreness IV. Signs Deep thigh tenderness to palpation Positive Positive V. Management Manage non-surgically Return to sport in 8-14 weeks Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Femoral Shaft Stress Fracture." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source

2015 FP Notebook

84. Does Percutaneous Vertebroplasty or Balloon Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures Increase the Incidence of New Vertebral Fractures? A Meta-Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

vertebral fractures, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (operative and non-operative groups) (P = 0.24). Additionally,there was no significant difference in bone mineral density, both in the lumbar (P = 0 .13) and femoral neck regions (P = 0.37), between the 2 interventions. Limitation: All studies we screened were published online except for unpublished articles. Moreover, only a few data sources could be extracted from the published studies. There were only 5 randomized clinical (...) factors: the number of pre-existing vertebral fractures, the BMD of the lumbar or femoral necks, the age, the proportion of women, the local kyphotic angle of the pre-treated fracture bodies, and the severity of the fracture body. However, as many authors have reported, both procedures had a more favorable effect on pain relief compared with conservative treatment in these randomized clinical trials (27,39,41). Therefore, we believe that the presence of new vertebral fracture is not due

2017 Pain physician

85. Calcaneal stress fracture: an adverse event following total hip and total knee arthroplasty: a report of five cases. (Abstract)

Calcaneal stress fracture: an adverse event following total hip and total knee arthroplasty: a report of five cases. Stress fractures have been reported to occur in the pubis, femoral neck, proximal part of the tibia, and fabella during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty. However, to our knowledge, calcaneal stress fractures after total hip or total knee arthroplasty have not been reported in the English-language literature. Most orthopaedic surgeons (...) are not familiar with calcaneal stress fractures that may occur in elderly patients after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty.We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features, imaging findings, and bone mineral content of the proximal part of the femur and the distal end of the radius in five patients who had a calcaneal stress fracture after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty.All patients were women with a mean age of 76.8 years. All fractures occurred in the calcaneus on the same side

2014 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

86. Numerical Optimization of the Position in Femoral Head of Proximal Locking Screws of Proximal Femoral Nail System; Biomechanical Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

in the regions where the proximal lag screw passes through the proximal femoral nail hole, the small diameter portion of stem joints with a large diameter and lag screw mounts to the stem. The most suitable position of the proximal lag screw was found at the middle position of the tip-apex distance (20 mm) and femoral neck (anterior-posterior, inferior-superior=0°), according to von Mises compression stress values occurring on the fracture line.In our study, we couldn't find any correlation between proximal (...) lag screw movement and tip-apex distance on stresses of the fracture surfaces, but the proximal lag screw position in the inferior (inferior-superior<0)-superior (inferior-superior>0) and posterior-anterior directions of the femur neck significantly increased these stresses. The most suitable position of the proximal lag screw was confirmed as the middle of the femoral neck by using optimized finite element analysis.

2017 Balkan medical journal

87. Stress Fracture (Treatment)

of flexibility training and dynamic lumbar spinal stabilization. The program should emphasize pain-free functional progression. Once the athlete can perform sport-specific skills without symptoms, he or she may return to training and competition. Unilateral spondylolysis tends to have a more favorable clinical outcome than bilateral spondylolysis. For a more detailed discussion, see the article . Femoral neck stress fracture Stress fractures of the femoral neck [ , ] can occur either on the superior (...) sufficient for the physician to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. However, MRI, with its sensitivity and high anatomic detail, is being used with increasing frequency. For patients diagnosed with early stress reaction or a nondisplaced stress fracture of the femoral neck, treatment consists of avoidance of weight bearing on the affected lower limb until symptoms resolve. Subsequently, the individual is permitted to resume partial weight bearing as tolerated, progressing over time to unprotected weight

2014 eMedicine.com

88. Stress Fractures (Diagnosis)

decreased activity and immobilization; however, patients with some stress fractures, such as displaced femoral neck stress fractures and fifth metatarsal base stress fractures, are more likely to have complications such as nonunion. [ , ] These complications should be monitored closely because surgical intervention may be necessary. Next: Pathophysiology Stress fractures result from recurrent and repetitive loading of bone. The stress fracture differs from other types of fractures in that in most cases (...) . . Welck MJ, Hayes T, Pastides P, Khan W, Rudge B. Stress fractures of the foot and ankle. Injury . 2017 Aug. 48 (8):1722-1726. . . Joshi A, Kc BR, Shah BC, Chand P, Thapa BB, Kayastha N. Femoral neck stress fractures in military personnel. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc . 2009 Apr-Jun. 48(174):99-102. . Taimela S, Kujala UM, Orava S. Two consecutive rib stress fractures in a female competitive swimmer. Clin J Sport Med . 1995 Oct. 5(4):254-6; discussion 257. . Lee AD. Golf-related stress fractures

2014 eMedicine Surgery

89. Stress Fractures (Follow-up)

Aug. 48 (8):1722-1726. . . Joshi A, Kc BR, Shah BC, Chand P, Thapa BB, Kayastha N. Femoral neck stress fractures in military personnel. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc . 2009 Apr-Jun. 48(174):99-102. . Taimela S, Kujala UM, Orava S. Two consecutive rib stress fractures in a female competitive swimmer. Clin J Sport Med . 1995 Oct. 5(4):254-6; discussion 257. . Lee AD. Golf-related stress fractures: a structured review of the literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc . 2009 Dec. 53(4):290-9. . Karlson KA. Rib stress (...) Sesamoids 0 0 100 Femur, shaft 7 7 86 Femur, neck 0 0 100 Pelvis 0 29 75 Olecranon 0 0 100 *Adapted from Hulkko. [ ] Findings were from a case series of 368 stress fractures in athletes, in which the healing times of stress fractures in different locations were assessed. Next: Surgical Care Surgery for high-risk stress fractures Nonunion of stress fractures is uncommon but can occur. These injuries should be closely followed up for early surgical intervention. They include stress fractures of the neck

2014 eMedicine Surgery

90. Stress Fracture (Overview)

injuries description of an under-recognized injury problem among military personnel. Am J Prev Med . 2010 Jan. 38(1 Suppl):S61-70. . Evans JT, Guyver PM, Kassam AM, Hubble MJ. Displaced femoral neck stress fractures in Royal Marine recruits--management and results of operative treatment. J R Nav Med Serv . 2012. 98(2):3-5. . Corrarino JE. Stress fractures in runners. Nurse Pract . 2012 Jun 10. 37(6):18-28. . Briskin SM. Injuries and medical issues in softball. Curr Sports Med Rep . 2012 Sep. 11(5):265 (...) DM, Sawyer JR, Warner WC Jr. Use of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of spondylolysis. J Pediatr Orthop . 2015 Apr-May. 35 (3):271-5. . Arendt E, Agel J, Heikes C, Griffiths H. Stress injuries to bone in college athletes: a retrospective review of experience at a single institution. Am J Sports Med . 2003 Nov-Dec. 31(6):959-68. . Ramey LN, McInnis KC, Palmer WE. Femoral Neck Stress Fracture: Can MRI Grade Help Predict Return-to-Running Time?. Am J Sports Med . 2016 Aug. 44 (8):2122-9

2014 eMedicine.com

91. Stress Fracture (Diagnosis)

injuries description of an under-recognized injury problem among military personnel. Am J Prev Med . 2010 Jan. 38(1 Suppl):S61-70. . Evans JT, Guyver PM, Kassam AM, Hubble MJ. Displaced femoral neck stress fractures in Royal Marine recruits--management and results of operative treatment. J R Nav Med Serv . 2012. 98(2):3-5. . Corrarino JE. Stress fractures in runners. Nurse Pract . 2012 Jun 10. 37(6):18-28. . Briskin SM. Injuries and medical issues in softball. Curr Sports Med Rep . 2012 Sep. 11(5):265 (...) DM, Sawyer JR, Warner WC Jr. Use of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of spondylolysis. J Pediatr Orthop . 2015 Apr-May. 35 (3):271-5. . Arendt E, Agel J, Heikes C, Griffiths H. Stress injuries to bone in college athletes: a retrospective review of experience at a single institution. Am J Sports Med . 2003 Nov-Dec. 31(6):959-68. . Ramey LN, McInnis KC, Palmer WE. Femoral Neck Stress Fracture: Can MRI Grade Help Predict Return-to-Running Time?. Am J Sports Med . 2016 Aug. 44 (8):2122-9

2014 eMedicine.com

92. Stress Fracture (Follow-up)

AM, Hubble MJ. Displaced femoral neck stress fractures in Royal Marine recruits--management and results of operative treatment. J R Nav Med Serv . 2012. 98(2):3-5. . Corrarino JE. Stress fractures in runners. Nurse Pract . 2012 Jun 10. 37(6):18-28. . Briskin SM. Injuries and medical issues in softball. Curr Sports Med Rep . 2012 Sep. 11(5):265-71. . Kahanov L, Eberman LE, Games KE, Wasik M. Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of stress fractures in the lower extremity in runners. Open Access (...) , Heikes C, Griffiths H. Stress injuries to bone in college athletes: a retrospective review of experience at a single institution. Am J Sports Med . 2003 Nov-Dec. 31(6):959-68. . Ramey LN, McInnis KC, Palmer WE. Femoral Neck Stress Fracture: Can MRI Grade Help Predict Return-to-Running Time?. Am J Sports Med . 2016 Aug. 44 (8):2122-9. . Hoffman DF, Adams E, Bianchi S. Ultrasonography of fractures in sports medicine. Br J Sports Med . 2015 Feb. 49 (3):152-60. . Nicola TL, El Shami A. Rehabilitation

2014 eMedicine.com

93. Stress Fractures (Treatment)

Aug. 48 (8):1722-1726. . . Joshi A, Kc BR, Shah BC, Chand P, Thapa BB, Kayastha N. Femoral neck stress fractures in military personnel. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc . 2009 Apr-Jun. 48(174):99-102. . Taimela S, Kujala UM, Orava S. Two consecutive rib stress fractures in a female competitive swimmer. Clin J Sport Med . 1995 Oct. 5(4):254-6; discussion 257. . Lee AD. Golf-related stress fractures: a structured review of the literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc . 2009 Dec. 53(4):290-9. . Karlson KA. Rib stress (...) Sesamoids 0 0 100 Femur, shaft 7 7 86 Femur, neck 0 0 100 Pelvis 0 29 75 Olecranon 0 0 100 *Adapted from Hulkko. [ ] Findings were from a case series of 368 stress fractures in athletes, in which the healing times of stress fractures in different locations were assessed. Next: Surgical Care Surgery for high-risk stress fractures Nonunion of stress fractures is uncommon but can occur. These injuries should be closely followed up for early surgical intervention. They include stress fractures of the neck

2014 eMedicine Surgery

94. Stress Fractures (Overview)

decreased activity and immobilization; however, patients with some stress fractures, such as displaced femoral neck stress fractures and fifth metatarsal base stress fractures, are more likely to have complications such as nonunion. [ , ] These complications should be monitored closely because surgical intervention may be necessary. Next: Pathophysiology Stress fractures result from recurrent and repetitive loading of bone. The stress fracture differs from other types of fractures in that in most cases (...) . . Welck MJ, Hayes T, Pastides P, Khan W, Rudge B. Stress fractures of the foot and ankle. Injury . 2017 Aug. 48 (8):1722-1726. . . Joshi A, Kc BR, Shah BC, Chand P, Thapa BB, Kayastha N. Femoral neck stress fractures in military personnel. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc . 2009 Apr-Jun. 48(174):99-102. . Taimela S, Kujala UM, Orava S. Two consecutive rib stress fractures in a female competitive swimmer. Clin J Sport Med . 1995 Oct. 5(4):254-6; discussion 257. . Lee AD. Golf-related stress fractures

2014 eMedicine Surgery

95. Determinants of stress fracture risk in United States Military Academy cadets. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of stress fracture was higher in those who exercised <7 h per week during the prior year (RR 2.31; CI 1.29,4.12), and in those with smaller tibial cortical area (RR 1.12; CI 1.03,1.23), lower tibial bone mineral content (RR 1.11; CI 1.03,1.20) and smaller femoral neck diameter (RR 1.35, CI 1.01, 1.81). In women, higher stress fracture risk was seen in those with shorter time since menarche (RR 1.44 per year; CI 1.19, 1.73) and smaller femoral neck diameter (RR 1.16; CI 1.01, 1.33.).Although prior (...) Determinants of stress fracture risk in United States Military Academy cadets. Prior studies have identified some risk factors for stress fracture in athletes and military recruits.To determine whether historical factors, physical measures, biochemical variables of skeletal metabolism, genetic factors, bone density (BMD) and bone size could predict risk of stress fracture over 4 years in physically fit cadets at the US Military Academy (USMA).Baseline surveys, assessments of height, weight

2013 Bone

96. Stress fractures in athletes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stress fractures in athletes. 5823819 1969 11 29 2018 11 13 0035-9157 62 9 1969 Sep Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Stress fractures in athletes. 933-7 Devas M B MB eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 IM Adolescent Adult Athletic Injuries therapy Elbow injuries Female Femoral Fractures therapy Femoral Neck Fractures therapy Fibula injuries Fracture Fixation Fractures, Spontaneous therapy Humans Humeral Fractures therapy Male Pain Patella (...) injuries Rest Rib Fractures therapy Stress, Physiological Tibial Fractures therapy Ulna injuries 1969 9 1 1969 9 1 0 1 1969 9 1 0 0 ppublish 5823819 PMC1810848 Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1960 Apr;83:671-5 13804689 Med Ann Dist Columbia. 1952 Apr;21(4):196-9 14918701 J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1956 Feb;38-B(1):83-94 13295322 J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1956 Nov;38-B(4):818-29 13376667 Calif Med. 1965 Feb;102:127-32 14254967

1969 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

97. Automated DXA-based finite element analysis for hip fracture risk stratification: a cross-sectional study. (Abstract)

fracture and FRIs derived from automated finite element analysis (FEA) of DXA hip scans. Femoral neck, intertrochanteric, and subtrochanteric FRIs were calculated as the von Mises stress induced by a sideways fall divided by the bone yield stress over the specified region of interest (ROI).Using the Manitoba Bone Mineral Density Database, we selected women age ≥ 65 years with femoral neck T-scores below - 1 and no osteoporosis treatment. From this population, we identified 324 older women with hip (...) Automated DXA-based finite element analysis for hip fracture risk stratification: a cross-sectional study. Fracture risk indices (FRIs) generated from DXA-based finite element analysis were associated with hip fracture independent of FRAX score computed with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD). Prospective studies are warranted to determine whether FRIs represent an improvement over BMD for predicting incident hip fractures.The study aims to examine the association between prior hip

2017 Osteoporosis International

98. Prehospital intravenous fentanyl to patients with hip fracture: an observational cohort study of risk factors for analgesic non-treatment. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to alleviate the stress that follows acute pain, to facilitate transportation, and to improve quality of care. The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of prehospital administration of intravenous fentanyl to patients with proximal femoral neck fracture in the ambulances and to assess risk factors for analgesic non-treatment.This was a register-based observational cohort study of patients with proximal femoral neck fracture from the North Denmark Region transported by ambulance (...) Prehospital intravenous fentanyl to patients with hip fracture: an observational cohort study of risk factors for analgesic non-treatment. Patients with proximal femoral neck fracture have a high short-term mortality, a high risk of postoperative complications, and impaired quality of life. One of the challenges related to the prehospital treatment of these patients is to administer systemic opioids fast and properly. Effective analgesic prehospital treatment ought be initiated rapidly in order

2017 Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine

99. The effects of necrotic lesion size and orientation of the femoral component on stress alterations in the proximal femur in hip resurfacing - a finite element simulation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of necrotic lesion size and orientation of the femoral component on stress alterations in the proximal femur in hip resurfacing - a finite element simulation. Due to the advantages of its bone-conserving nature, hip resurface arthroplasty (HRA) has recently gained the interest of orthopedic surgeons for the treatment of young and active patients who have osteonerosis of the femoral head. However, in long-term follow-up studies after HRA, narrowing of the femoral neck has often been (...) implant insertion angles (varus 10°, neutral, valgus 10°) were created. The von Mises stress distributions and the displacement of the stem tip of each model were analyzed and compared for loading conditions that simulated a single-legged stance.Stress shielding occurred at the femoral neck after HRA. More severe stress shielding and an increased displacement of the stem tip were found for femoral heads that had a wider necrotic lesion. From a biomechanics perspective, the results were consistent

2014 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

100. Molecular mechanisms of osteoporotic hip fractures in elderly women. (Abstract)

from elderly osteoporotic women with hip fractures (OP) in comparison to bone samples from age matched women with osteoarthritis of the hip (OA). Femoral heads and adjacent neck tissue were collected from 10 women with low-trauma hip fractures (mean age 83±6) and consecutive surgical hip replacement. Ten bone samples from patients undergoing hip replacement due to osteoarthritis (mean age 80±5) served as controls. One half of each bone sample was subjected to gene expression analysis. The second (...) Molecular mechanisms of osteoporotic hip fractures in elderly women. A common manifestation of age-related bone loss and resultant osteoporosis are fractures of the hip. Age-related osteoporosis is thought to be determined by a number of intrinsic factors including genetics, hormonal changes, changes in levels of oxidative stress, or an inflammatory status associated with the aging process. The aim of this study was to investigate gene expression and bone architecture in bone samples derived

2016 Experimental Gerontology

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