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Family Practice Notebook Updates 2016

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141. Shigella

. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 9/12/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) with dysentery: first-line agents 500 mg orally twice daily for 3 days or 500-750 mg orally daily for 3 days Adults with dysentery: alternative agents 500 mg daily for 3 days or 1-2 g IV daily for 3 days (in severe disease) Children with dysentery: first-line agents 10 mg/kg/day daily for 3 days or 50-75 mg/kg/day for 2- 5 days (in severe disease) References (2015) Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy, IOS app accessed 5/8/2016 X. Complications XI. Resources CDC Shigella XII. References Images: Related

2018 FP Notebook

142. Salmonella

to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 5/8/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) (2014) Sanford Guide to Antimicrobials, accessed IOS app 5/8/2016 Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Salmonella." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Salmonella (C0036111) Definition (NCI_CDISC) Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Salmonella genus level. Definition (NCI

2018 FP Notebook

143. Escherichia coli

clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 chapters. Content is with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 5/7/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family (...) Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

144. Vibrio Cholera

is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 11/8/2017 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) , Cholera , Vibrio Cholerae From Related Chapters II. History Famous role in public health history Yemen as of 2016-2017 has the largest Cholera outbreak in history London Physician John Snow (1813-1858) Linked Cholera outbreak to Broad Street Pump in 1854 Proved Cholera to be a Snow was also a proponent of anesthesia in childbirth Knighted by Queen Victoria on birth of seventh child III. Pathophysiology Incubation: 4 hours to 5 days (average 1-2 days) Causes Toxigenic, Enterotoxin adheres to intestinal

2018 FP Notebook

145. Campylobacter jejuni

to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 5/7/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) ) Alternative agents 500 mg orally four times daily for 3 days 500 mg orally twice daily for 5 days (high resistance rate >50-85%) References (2016) Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy, accessed 5/7/2016 VIII. Complications Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Campylobacter jejuni." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology

2018 FP Notebook

146. Neutropenic Colitis

pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 chapters. Content is with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 4/21/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

147. Inflammatory Bowel Disease

, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 9/13/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

148. Crohn's Disease

and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) , Terminal Ileitis , Regional Enteritis , Crohn's Colitis , Crohns Disease From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology (U.S.) Child: 58 per 100,000 Adult: 119-241 per 100,00 Peak onset: 15-30 years (onset up to age 40 years, and some older than 40 years) Women more often affected than men More common in caucasian patients Familial aggregation First degree relative confers 2-4 fold risk Second degree relative confers less increased risk III. Pathophysiology Etiology unknown Related genetic mutation: NOD2 ( 16

2018 FP Notebook

149. Esophageal Foreign Body

/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) to ingestion Multiple magnets Objects in esophagus >24 hours Risk of fistula, stricture, or erosion through wall Large items (risk of ) Size >2 to 3 cm in infants under age 1 year Size >3 to 5 cm in children over age 1 year Button Batteries (disc batteries, especially batteries) See Appear similar to 2 stacked coins (stack sign or poker chip) on XRay Risk of voltage burn or corrosive injury Serious esophageal burns occur within 2 hours (even within 30 min) High risk of in first 6 hours Tomaszewski (2016

2018 FP Notebook

150. Esophageal Achalasia

pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 chapters. Content is with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 12/15/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

151. Esophageal Dysmotility

is with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 12/15/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

152. Traveler's Diarrhea Management

was written by , last revised on 2/7/2019 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) -3 days Medications contraindicated in pregnancy and in children VIII. References Wayman (2017) Crit Dec Emerg Med 31(6): 3-10 (2016) Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy, accessed 5/6/2016 Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Travelers Diarrhea Management." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Diarrhea About

2018 FP Notebook

153. Esophageal Varices

/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) , Swadron, Mason and Herbert (2016) EM:Rap C3, p. 1-11 Swencki (2015) Crit Dec Emerg Med 29(11):2-10 Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Esophageal Varices." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Esophageal Varices (C0014867) Definition (NCI) Abnormally dilated vein(s) of the esophagus. Definition (CSP) longitudinal venous

2018 FP Notebook

154. Food-borne Diarrheal Infection

for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 5/9/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

155. Intraocular Prostaglandin

address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 5/5/2018 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) Generic $34.15 per ml BIMATOPROST 0.03% EYELASH SOLN Generic $28.42 per ml lumigan (on 2/22/2017 at ) LUMIGAN 0.01% EYE DROPS $63.23 per ml travoprost (on 8/17/2016 at ) TRAVOPROST 0.004% EYE DROP Generic $30.21 per ml travatan (on 2/22/2017 at ) TRAVATAN Z 0.004% EYE DROP $60.10 per ml zioptan (on 5/17/2017 at ) ZIOPTAN 0.0015% EYE DROPS $5.64 each FPNotebook does not benefit financially from showing this medication data or their pharmacy links. This information is provided only to help medical

2018 FP Notebook

156. Cataract

divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 chapters. Content is with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 7/31/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

157. Glaucoma

and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | | (...) . A comprehensive eye exam can tell if you have glaucoma. People at risk should get eye exams at least every two years. They include African Americans over age 40 People over age 60, especially Mexican Americans People with a family history of glaucoma There is no cure, but glaucoma can usually be controlled. Early treatment can help protect your eyes against vision loss. Treatments usually include prescription eyedrops and/or surgery. NIH: National Eye Institute Definition (MSHCZE) Zelený zákal. Onemocnění

2018 FP Notebook

158. Visual Acuity

. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 6/3/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

159. Sclera

was written by , last revised on 6/14/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

160. Pupillary Light Reflex

to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. This page was written by , last revised on 6/3/2016 and last published on 3/3/2019 . Contact 2019 Family Practice Notebook, LLC. | | | |

2018 FP Notebook

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