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Family Practice Notebook Updates 2016

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2501. perifollicular abscess

in patients with diabetes mellitus and may be a presenting feature of type 2 diabetes. Reference: Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited (...) perifollicular abscess perifollicular abscess - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search perifollicular abscess This is a perifollicular bacterial infection which is usually caused by staphylococci aureus. It is a type of abscess (1). Boils are often found over the hair bearing areas of the skin (1) - face, neck, breast, axilla or buttocks. Unlike in folliculitis where the inflammation is more superficial and pus

2010 GP Notebook

2502. ischaemic heart disease and combined oral contraceptives

factors present (see linked item) Reference: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (2000); 38 (1): 1-5. MeReC Bulletin 2006;17(2):1-9. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained (...) ischaemic heart disease and combined oral contraceptives ischaemic heart disease and combined oral contraceptives - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search ischaemic heart disease and combined oral contraceptives the current evidence suggests that there is no detectable increase in the risk of myocardial infarction with either second- or third-generation pills in women with no additional risk factors a Drug

2010 GP Notebook

2503. coronary artery disease and combined oral contraceptives

factors present (see linked item) Reference: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (2000); 38 (1): 1-5. MeReC Bulletin 2006;17(2):1-9. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained (...) coronary artery disease and combined oral contraceptives coronary artery disease and combined oral contraceptives - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search coronary artery disease and combined oral contraceptives the current evidence suggests that there is no detectable increase in the risk of myocardial infarction with either second- or third-generation pills in women with no additional risk factors a Drug

2010 GP Notebook

2504. coronary heart disease and combined oral contraceptives

factors present (see linked item) Reference: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (2000); 38 (1): 1-5. MeReC Bulletin 2006;17(2):1-9. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained (...) coronary heart disease and combined oral contraceptives coronary heart disease and combined oral contraceptives - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search coronary heart disease and combined oral contraceptives the current evidence suggests that there is no detectable increase in the risk of myocardial infarction with either second- or third-generation pills in women with no additional risk factors a Drug

2010 GP Notebook

2505. cleft palate

cleft palate cleft palate - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search cleft palate Cleft lip and cleft palate is relatively common, occuring roughly once in 600 live births. The majority of these abnormalities are isolated occurrences, however there may be a positive family history. Some cases have been linked to maternal corticosteroid therapy. The distribution of occurences of different types of cleft lip (...) and/or cleft palate is approximately: cleft lip - a third cleft palate - a quarter cleft lip and palate - nearly half Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein

2010 GP Notebook

2506. vitiligo

vitiligo is linked to a family history of vitiligo (1). Reference: (1) (2) (3) (4) Kovacs S. Vitiligo. J Am Acad Dermatol 1998;38: 647-666. (5) (6) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication (...) vitiligo vitiligo - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search vitiligo Vitiligo is a common skin disorder characterized by the development of depigmented macules and patches. these patches and macules correspond histologically to decreased or absent cutaneous melanocyte in the skin. main mechanism of melanocyte destruction in vitiligo is theorized to be an autoimmune lymphocytic attack on melanocyte (1) The prevalence

2010 GP Notebook

2507. arthritis with fever

tissue disease vasculitides adult onset Still's disease rheumatoid arthritis polymyalgia rheumatica sarcoidosis arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease haematological malignancy Whipple's disease familial Mediterranean fever Reference: Evans, RH et al. (1997). Pyrexia of unknown origin. (Grand Round). BMJ. 314, 583-6. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition (...) arthritis with fever arthritis with fever - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search arthritis with fever The differential diagnosis of arthritis with fever includes: arthritis caused by infectious agents: direct infection of joints indirect arthritis: acute rheumatic fever reactive arthritis hepatitis B crystal arthritides: gout pseudogout connective tissue disease: systemic lupus erythematosus mixed connective

2010 GP Notebook

2508. scabies

reaction to burrowed mites and their products (e.g. faeces, saliva or eggs) (2) Reference: 1. 2. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited (...) scabies scabies - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search scabies This is a pruritic eruption due to cutaneous invasion by the mite Sarcoptes scabei variety hominis (1). after mating the adult males remain on the skin surface and the adult females burrow into the stratum corneum within 30 minutes female scabies mites live for 4-6 weeks; they lay 1-3 eggs per day and burrow at a rate of 2-3 mm per day. In classic

2010 GP Notebook

2509. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence (...) amyotrophic lateral sclerosis amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search amyotrophic lateral sclerosis This is a form of motor neurone disease (MND). It is the most common form of MND and accounts for 65% to 85% of all cases of MND (1). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis results from lesions to the corticospinal tract and the anterior horn cells and produces the characteristic feature

2010 GP Notebook

2510. Meniere's disease

Meniere's disease Meniere's disease - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search Meniere's disease Meniere’s disease, named after French physician Prosper Ménière was first described in the early 19th century (1) both Ménière's disease and Ménière's syndrome are conditions thought to be caused by an increased pressure within the endolymphatic system. Hence the term endolymphatic hydrops (a swelling of the membranous (...) ). Utilising these criteria, a survey in Finland revealed a disease prevalence of 43 per 100000 with an annual incidence of 4.3 per 100000 (6). The condition has been over-diagnosed. Reference: Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium guidelines for the diagnosis and evaluation of therapy in Meniere's disease (1995). Kotimaki J et al (1999). Prevalence of Meniere's disease in Finland. Laryngoscope;109:748-53 Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should

2010 GP Notebook

2511. fever with arthritis

tissue disease vasculitides adult onset Still's disease rheumatoid arthritis polymyalgia rheumatica sarcoidosis arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease haematological malignancy Whipple's disease familial Mediterranean fever Reference: Evans, RH et al. (1997). Pyrexia of unknown origin. (Grand Round). BMJ. 314, 583-6. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition (...) fever with arthritis fever with arthritis - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search fever with arthritis The differential diagnosis of arthritis with fever includes: arthritis caused by infectious agents: direct infection of joints indirect arthritis: acute rheumatic fever reactive arthritis hepatitis B crystal arthritides: gout pseudogout connective tissue disease: systemic lupus erythematosus mixed connective

2010 GP Notebook

2512. psychasthenia

psychasthenia psychasthenia - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search psychasthenia Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterised by recurrent obsessive trains of thought or compulsive acts or commonly both (1). patients often recognise that the thoughts and behaviors are excessive or unreasonable and hide their OCD, even from their own family this secrecy together with lack (...) ) (2) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial

2010 GP Notebook

2513. ALS

ALS ALS - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search ALS This is a form of motor neurone disease (MND). It is the most common form of MND and accounts for 65% to 85% of all cases of MND (1). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis results from lesions to the corticospinal tract and the anterior horn cells and produces the characteristic feature of tonic atrophy - brisk reflexes and fasciculations. a late onset, rapidly (...) of a series of PLS case reports was in agreement with data from other studies suggesting that pure PLS cases have a prolonged course of disease with a high level of independence when compared to other MND (3) Reference: (1) NICE (January 2001). Guidance on the Use of Riluzole (Rilutek) for the treatment of Motor Neurone Disease. (2) (3) (4) Orrell, R. & deBelleroche, JS. Superoxide dismutase and ALS. Lancet 1994;344: 1651-2. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information

2010 GP Notebook

2514. cleft lip and palate

cleft lip and palate cleft lip and palate - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search cleft lip and palate Cleft lip and cleft palate is relatively common, occuring roughly once in 600 live births. The majority of these abnormalities are isolated occurrences, however there may be a positive family history. Some cases have been linked to maternal corticosteroid therapy. The distribution of occurences of different types (...) of cleft lip and/or cleft palate is approximately: cleft lip - a third cleft palate - a quarter cleft lip and palate - nearly half Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information

2010 GP Notebook

2515. BRCA1

); 65(14):55-60. Evans DGR et al. (1994). Familial breast cancer. BMJ; 308:183-7 McPherson et al. (1994). BMJ;309: 1004 Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained (...) BRCA1 BRCA1 - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search BRCA1 Up to 10% of breast cancer in western countries is due to genetic predisposition. Susceptibility to breast cancer appears to be inherited as an autosomal dominant with limited penetrance and may thus be inherited from either father or mother. About 5% of breast cancer is due to highly penetrant dominant genes. More than five genes are thought to be involved

2010 GP Notebook

2516. PTSD

PTSD PTSD - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a reaction which a person may develop in response to one or more traumatic events/stressors. a stressor which precipitates a PTSD is often of such a magnitude that the patient's coping strategies and defense mechanisms are overwhelmed post trauma reaction may vary greatly between individuals, it may range from highly (...) children, particularly those aged under 8 years, may not complain directly of PTSD symptoms such as re-experiencing or avoidance instead, symptoms may take the form of re-enacting the experience, repetitive play or frightening dreams with no recognisable content Reference: (1) (2) (3) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted

2010 GP Notebook

2517. respiratory syncytial virus

respiratory syncytial virus respiratory syncytial virus - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search respiratory syncytial virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a RNA virus of Paramyxoviridae family within the Pneumovirus genus (1). it is an important pathogen causing respiratory tract illness in children younger than 2 years - lower respiratory tract infections (e.g., bronchiolitis, pneumonia) can be severe (...) strains of RSV (1). Reference: (1) (2) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising

2010 GP Notebook

2518. BRCA2

); 65(14):55-60. Evans DGR et al. (1994). Familial breast cancer. BMJ; 308:183-7 McPherson et al. (1994). BMJ;309: 1004 Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained (...) BRCA2 BRCA2 - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search BRCA2 Up to 10% of breast cancer in western countries is due to genetic predisposition. Susceptibility to breast cancer appears to be inherited as an autosomal dominant with limited penetrance and may thus be inherited from either father or mother. About 5% of breast cancer is due to highly penetrant dominant genes. More than five genes are thought to be involved

2010 GP Notebook

2519. flat feet

flat feet flat feet - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search flat feet Flat foot is a lack of the medial arch of the foot. The development of the medial arch occurs within 2-3 years of walking. In younger children the medial arch is largely obliterated by a fat pad. most children have flexible flat feet with normal arches on tiptoeing; most resolve by 6 years (1) Flat feet may be a familial condition or it may (...) on the Rheumatic Diseases 2008;14. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising

2010 GP Notebook

2520. RSV

RSV RSV - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search RSV Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a RNA virus of Paramyxoviridae family within the Pneumovirus genus (1). it is an important pathogen causing respiratory tract illness in children younger than 2 years - lower respiratory tract infections (e.g., bronchiolitis, pneumonia) can be severe in infants who are at increased risk of acute lower respiratory tract (...) General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data

2010 GP Notebook

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