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Family Practice Notebook Updates 2016

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2441. cystic disease of biliary tract

cystic disease of biliary tract cystic disease of biliary tract - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search cystic disease of biliary tract Caroli's disease is a rare congenital, non familial condition characterised by multiple, irregular, saccular dilatations of the intrahepatic ducts separated by segments of normal or stenotic ducts. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided (...) herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can

2010 GP Notebook

2442. Meniere's disease

Meniere's disease Meniere's disease - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search Meniere's disease Meniere’s disease, named after French physician Prosper Ménière was first described in the early 19th century (1) both Ménière's disease and Ménière's syndrome are conditions thought to be caused by an increased pressure within the endolymphatic system. Hence the term endolymphatic hydrops (a swelling of the membranous (...) ). Utilising these criteria, a survey in Finland revealed a disease prevalence of 43 per 100000 with an annual incidence of 4.3 per 100000 (6). The condition has been over-diagnosed. Reference: Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium guidelines for the diagnosis and evaluation of therapy in Meniere's disease (1995). Kotimaki J et al (1999). Prevalence of Meniere's disease in Finland. Laryngoscope;109:748-53 Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should

2010 GP Notebook

2443. ALS

ALS ALS - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search ALS This is a form of motor neurone disease (MND). It is the most common form of MND and accounts for 65% to 85% of all cases of MND (1). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis results from lesions to the corticospinal tract and the anterior horn cells and produces the characteristic feature of tonic atrophy - brisk reflexes and fasciculations. a late onset, rapidly (...) of a series of PLS case reports was in agreement with data from other studies suggesting that pure PLS cases have a prolonged course of disease with a high level of independence when compared to other MND (3) Reference: (1) NICE (January 2001). Guidance on the Use of Riluzole (Rilutek) for the treatment of Motor Neurone Disease. (2) (3) (4) Orrell, R. & deBelleroche, JS. Superoxide dismutase and ALS. Lancet 1994;344: 1651-2. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information

2010 GP Notebook

2444. primary lateral sclerosis

General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data (...) primary lateral sclerosis primary lateral sclerosis - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search primary lateral sclerosis This is a form of motor neurone disease (MND). It is the most common form of MND and accounts for 65% to 85% of all cases of MND (1). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis results from lesions to the corticospinal tract and the anterior horn cells and produces the characteristic feature of tonic atrophy

2010 GP Notebook

2445. Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease

Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) is the name given to the most common group of human prion diseases. The component diseases are: sporadic CJD iatrogenic CJD familial CJD new variant CJD Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used (...) for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you

2010 GP Notebook

2446. scabies

reaction to burrowed mites and their products (e.g. faeces, saliva or eggs) (2) Reference: 1. 2. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited (...) scabies scabies - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search scabies This is a pruritic eruption due to cutaneous invasion by the mite Sarcoptes scabei variety hominis (1). after mating the adult males remain on the skin surface and the adult females burrow into the stratum corneum within 30 minutes female scabies mites live for 4-6 weeks; they lay 1-3 eggs per day and burrow at a rate of 2-3 mm per day. In classic

2010 GP Notebook

2447. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence (...) amyotrophic lateral sclerosis amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search amyotrophic lateral sclerosis This is a form of motor neurone disease (MND). It is the most common form of MND and accounts for 65% to 85% of all cases of MND (1). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis results from lesions to the corticospinal tract and the anterior horn cells and produces the characteristic feature

2010 GP Notebook

2448. fever with arthritis

tissue disease vasculitides adult onset Still's disease rheumatoid arthritis polymyalgia rheumatica sarcoidosis arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease haematological malignancy Whipple's disease familial Mediterranean fever Reference: Evans, RH et al. (1997). Pyrexia of unknown origin. (Grand Round). BMJ. 314, 583-6. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition (...) fever with arthritis fever with arthritis - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search fever with arthritis The differential diagnosis of arthritis with fever includes: arthritis caused by infectious agents: direct infection of joints indirect arthritis: acute rheumatic fever reactive arthritis hepatitis B crystal arthritides: gout pseudogout connective tissue disease: systemic lupus erythematosus mixed connective

2010 GP Notebook

2449. cleft palate

cleft palate cleft palate - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search cleft palate Cleft lip and cleft palate is relatively common, occuring roughly once in 600 live births. The majority of these abnormalities are isolated occurrences, however there may be a positive family history. Some cases have been linked to maternal corticosteroid therapy. The distribution of occurences of different types of cleft lip (...) and/or cleft palate is approximately: cleft lip - a third cleft palate - a quarter cleft lip and palate - nearly half Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein

2010 GP Notebook

2450. vitiligo

vitiligo is linked to a family history of vitiligo (1). Reference: (1) (2) (3) (4) Kovacs S. Vitiligo. J Am Acad Dermatol 1998;38: 647-666. (5) (6) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication (...) vitiligo vitiligo - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search vitiligo Vitiligo is a common skin disorder characterized by the development of depigmented macules and patches. these patches and macules correspond histologically to decreased or absent cutaneous melanocyte in the skin. main mechanism of melanocyte destruction in vitiligo is theorized to be an autoimmune lymphocytic attack on melanocyte (1) The prevalence

2010 GP Notebook

2451. arthritis with fever

tissue disease vasculitides adult onset Still's disease rheumatoid arthritis polymyalgia rheumatica sarcoidosis arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease haematological malignancy Whipple's disease familial Mediterranean fever Reference: Evans, RH et al. (1997). Pyrexia of unknown origin. (Grand Round). BMJ. 314, 583-6. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition (...) arthritis with fever arthritis with fever - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search arthritis with fever The differential diagnosis of arthritis with fever includes: arthritis caused by infectious agents: direct infection of joints indirect arthritis: acute rheumatic fever reactive arthritis hepatitis B crystal arthritides: gout pseudogout connective tissue disease: systemic lupus erythematosus mixed connective

2010 GP Notebook

2452. CJD

CJD CJD - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search CJD Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) is the name given to the most common group of human prion diseases. The component diseases are: sporadic CJD iatrogenic CJD familial CJD new variant CJD Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed (...) medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies

2010 GP Notebook

2453. cleft lip and palate

cleft lip and palate cleft lip and palate - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search cleft lip and palate Cleft lip and cleft palate is relatively common, occuring roughly once in 600 live births. The majority of these abnormalities are isolated occurrences, however there may be a positive family history. Some cases have been linked to maternal corticosteroid therapy. The distribution of occurences of different types (...) of cleft lip and/or cleft palate is approximately: cleft lip - a third cleft palate - a quarter cleft lip and palate - nearly half Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information

2010 GP Notebook

2454. Creutzfeldt - Jacob disease

Creutzfeldt - Jacob disease Creutzfeldt - Jacob disease - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search Creutzfeldt - Jacob disease Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) is the name given to the most common group of human prion diseases. The component diseases are: sporadic CJD iatrogenic CJD familial CJD new variant CJD Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should (...) not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you

2010 GP Notebook

2455. lateral sclerosis

lateral sclerosis lateral sclerosis - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search lateral sclerosis This is a form of motor neurone disease (MND). It is the most common form of MND and accounts for 65% to 85% of all cases of MND (1). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis results from lesions to the corticospinal tract and the anterior horn cells and produces the characteristic feature of tonic atrophy - brisk reflexes (...) ) prospective analysis of a series of PLS case reports was in agreement with data from other studies suggesting that pure PLS cases have a prolonged course of disease with a high level of independence when compared to other MND (3) Reference: (1) NICE (January 2001). Guidance on the Use of Riluzole (Rilutek) for the treatment of Motor Neurone Disease. (2) (3) (4) Orrell, R. & deBelleroche, JS. Superoxide dismutase and ALS. Lancet 1994;344: 1651-2. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook

2010 GP Notebook

2456. pregnancy (maternal mortality in pregnancy and childbirth)

pregnancy (maternal mortality in pregnancy and childbirth) pregnancy (direct and indirect maternal mortality in pregnancy and childbirth) - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search pregnancy (direct and indirect maternal mortality in pregnancy and childbirth) Maternal mortality is defined as death while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. tenth revision of the International Classification (...) % CI 10.09-12.86) per 100 000 maternities compared with the 13.95 (95% CI 12.45-15.64) per 100 000 maternities reported for the previous triennium, 2003-05. Reference: Centre for Maternal and Child Enquiries (CMACE). Saving Mothers'Lives: reviewing maternal deaths to make motherhood safer: 2006-08. The Eighth Report on Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the Uni- ted Kingdom. BJOG 2011;118(Suppl. 1):1-203. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information

2010 GP Notebook

2457. arterial leg ulceration

arterial leg ulceration arterial leg ulceration - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search arterial leg ulceration Arterial ulceration is caused by reduced blood supply to the lower limb. it is the second most common ulcer in the lower extremity and accounts for about 10% all leg ulcers both sexes are equally affected (1) Arterial or arteriolar obstruction leads to ischemia of the skin and subcutaneous tissues which (...) with microvascular or macrovascular disease, vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, thalassaemia, and sickle cell disease (1,2) Reference: (1) (2) Agale SV. Chronic Leg Ulcers: Epidemiology, Aetiopathogenesis, and Management. Ulcers 2013;vol. 2013, Article ID 413604, 9 pages (3) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment

2010 GP Notebook

2458. mononeuropathies

the humerus. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial (...) mononeuropathies mononeuropathies - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search mononeuropathies Disease of a single peripheral or cranial nerve is called a mononeuropathy. It may be associated with systemic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, sarcoidosis, rheumatoid arthritis or polyarteritis nodosa. The most common cause worldwide is leprosy. An entrapment neuropathy occurs when a peripheral nerve is damaged

2010 GP Notebook

2459. COPD (diagnosis of)

COPD (diagnosis of) COPD (diagnosis of) - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search COPD (diagnosis of) Think of diagnosis of COPD in patients who are (1,2): over 35 and smokers or ex-smokers and have any of these symptoms: exertional breathlessness chronic cough regular sputum production frequent winter ’bronchitis’ wheeze and have no clinical features of asthma , for example in asthma (1): commonly develops symptoms (...) ) Standards for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with COPD: a summary of the ATS/ERS position paper. European Respiratory Journal 23(6): 932-46. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) (2008) Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Reference: (1) (2) (3) Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition

2010 GP Notebook

2460. colonic polyp

colonic polyp colonic polyp - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search colonic polyp Colonic polyps may be single or multiple. Familial polyposis coli is a condition that is inherited in autosomal dominant manner in which there is extensive polyposis of the large bowel. Polyps are a common finding in the colon. All polyps have malignant potential although the majority are adenomas, i.e. benign neoplasms. A polyp may (...) have undergone malignant change but still be at an early stage, and hence is potentially curable. All polyps should be assumed to be malignant until proved otherwise. Links: General Practice Notebook General Practice Notebook The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution

2010 GP Notebook

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