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Failure to Thrive in the Elderly

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61. Geriatric Rehabilitation (Diagnosis)

Rehabilitation Updated: Mar 19, 2019 Author: Julie A Muché, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Geriatric Rehabilitation Overview Overview As we age, we face many physical and emotional changes that can affect our level of function and well-being. Our baby-boomer population is aging, and people are living longer. We must maintain functional independence in the elderly and address the needs of our older generation. Rehabilitation of geriatric patients (...) the independence of a geriatric patient because falls are associated with the placement of the patient in a long-term care facility. An elderly patient with a gait dysfunction has an increasing risk of falls; a fear of falling; and functional decline, with subsequent immobility, decreased activity, weakness, and isolation. Falls and the fear of falling share predictors, which include the following: those with perceived poor general health, older age, and the use of more than 4 medications. Older people who

2014 eMedicine.com

62. Child Abuse and Neglect: Failure to Thrive (Overview)

, and cognitive delays have been documented. The resultant poor cognitive ability can lead to emotional and behavioral problems as well. Children die each year in the United States from malnutrition; some severe cases are directly related to intentional child neglect. Race No racial predilection is noted because growth failure related to aberrant caregiving can affect people of all races. Sex No sex predilection is important to note. Age Growth failure for this discussion is described in children from infancy (...) Child Abuse and Neglect: Failure to Thrive (Overview) Failure to Thrive: Background, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTE1NTc1LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Failure to Thrive Updated: Nov 05

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

63. Child Abuse and Neglect: Failure to Thrive (Treatment)

Previous Next: Diet Diet is outlined above. Diet must be individualized according to the age and nutritional status of the child or infant. Simply increasing the patient's energy intake may not cause growth to occur if the underlying comorbid psychosocial pathology is not addressed as well. Previous Next: Activity Activity may be adjusted with physical therapy if needed. Previous References Cole SZ, Lanham JS. Failure to thrive: an update. Am Fam Physician . 2011 Apr 1. 83(7):829-34. . Black MM (...) . 31(2):97-107. . Wojcicki JM, Holbrook K, Lustig RH, Epel E, Caughey AB, Muñoz RF, et al. Chronic maternal depression is associated with reduced weight gain in latino infants from birth to 2 years of age. PLoS One . 2011 Feb 23. 6(2):e16737. . . Bambang S, Spencer NJ, Logan S, Gill L. Cause-specific perinatal death rates, birth weight and deprivation in the West Midlands, 1991-93. Child Care Health Dev . 2000 Jan. 26(1):73-82. . Frank D, et al. Failure To Thrive. Reece R, Christian C, eds. Child

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

64. Failure to Thrive (Follow-up)

visits among children with failure to thrive found mild improvement in some parameters compared with children with failure to thrive who only attended the same clinic. However, children without failure to thrive from the same neighborhoods were significantly taller, heavier, and had better arithmetic scores at age 8 years than children with failure to thrive with or without home visits. [ ] An older randomized controlled trial of specialist health visitor interventions failed to show any improvements (...) to thrive: a general pediatrician's perspective. Pediatr Rev . 1997 Nov. 18(11):371-8. . Hoare KJ. A baby presenting with failure to thrive in primary care: a case report. Cases J . 2009. 2(1):137. . Leung DH, Chung CT. Cases in pediatric gastroenterology from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia: a 2-year-old boy with diarrhea, failure to thrive, and hepatomegaly. Medscape J Med . 2009. 11(1):13. . Growth retardation indicators in children under 5 years old. Epidemiol Bull . 1998 Mar. 19 (1):13-6

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

65. Child Abuse and Neglect: Failure to Thrive (Follow-up)

depression is associated with reduced weight gain in latino infants from birth to 2 years of age. PLoS One . 2011 Feb 23. 6(2):e16737. . . Bambang S, Spencer NJ, Logan S, Gill L. Cause-specific perinatal death rates, birth weight and deprivation in the West Midlands, 1991-93. Child Care Health Dev . 2000 Jan. 26(1):73-82. . Frank D, et al. Failure To Thrive. Reece R, Christian C, eds. Child Abuse Medical Diagnosis and Management . 3rd ed. Chicago, Ill: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2009. 465-512 (...) . Gahagan S. Failure to thrive: a consequence of undernutrition. Pediatr Rev . 2006 Jan. 27(1):e1-11. . Lowen D. Failure to Thrive. Jenny C, ed. Child Abuse and Neglect Diagnosis, Treatment and Evidence . 1st ed. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders; 2011. 547-62. Media Gallery This 6-month-old infant was admitted with marasmus. The infant was born to a mother who did not bond effectively because of postpartum depression. He has evidence of severe wasting and neglectful care as also evidenced by the diaper

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

66. Failure to Thrive (Treatment)

that programs such as women, infants, and children (WIC); food stamps; and Medicaid can be accessed. The team should also coordinate home-based services and follow up after discharge. An interdisciplinary team should evaluate the family's psychosocial situation and determine if future support is required. An older child with a chronic illness and failure to thrive may benefit from referral to a psychologist. If neglect is suspected, child protective services should become involved. Pediatric medical (...) The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia: a 2-year-old boy with diarrhea, failure to thrive, and hepatomegaly. Medscape J Med . 2009. 11(1):13. . Growth retardation indicators in children under 5 years old. Epidemiol Bull . 1998 Mar. 19 (1):13-6. . Olsen EM, Petersen J, Skovgaard AM, et al. Failure to thrive: the prevalence and concurrence of anthropometric criteria in a general infant population. Arch Dis Child . 2007 Feb. 92(2):109-14. . Mehta NM, Corkins MR, Lyman B, Malone A, Goday PS, Carney LN, et al

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

67. Failure to Thrive (Overview)

in females than in males. In certain areas of the world where there is nutrient shortage, distribution is sometimes gender based yielding greater prevalence in females. Age The term is mainly reserved for growth compromise in young children. Previous Next: Prognosis Multiple studies have investigated whether failure to thrive is associated with long-term cognitive deficits. [ , , ] Two published meta-analyses looking at cognitive outcomes of published children with failure to thrive in developed (...) . A baby presenting with failure to thrive in primary care: a case report. Cases J . 2009. 2(1):137. . Leung DH, Chung CT. Cases in pediatric gastroenterology from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia: a 2-year-old boy with diarrhea, failure to thrive, and hepatomegaly. Medscape J Med . 2009. 11(1):13. . Growth retardation indicators in children under 5 years old. Epidemiol Bull . 1998 Mar. 19 (1):13-6. . Olsen EM, Petersen J, Skovgaard AM, et al. Failure to thrive: the prevalence and concurrence

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

68. Child Abuse and Neglect: Failure to Thrive (Diagnosis)

, and cognitive delays have been documented. The resultant poor cognitive ability can lead to emotional and behavioral problems as well. Children die each year in the United States from malnutrition; some severe cases are directly related to intentional child neglect. Race No racial predilection is noted because growth failure related to aberrant caregiving can affect people of all races. Sex No sex predilection is important to note. Age Growth failure for this discussion is described in children from infancy (...) Child Abuse and Neglect: Failure to Thrive (Diagnosis) Failure to Thrive: Background, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTE1NTc1LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Failure to Thrive Updated: Nov 05

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

69. Failure to Thrive (Diagnosis)

in females than in males. In certain areas of the world where there is nutrient shortage, distribution is sometimes gender based yielding greater prevalence in females. Age The term is mainly reserved for growth compromise in young children. Previous Next: Prognosis Multiple studies have investigated whether failure to thrive is associated with long-term cognitive deficits. [ , , ] Two published meta-analyses looking at cognitive outcomes of published children with failure to thrive in developed (...) . A baby presenting with failure to thrive in primary care: a case report. Cases J . 2009. 2(1):137. . Leung DH, Chung CT. Cases in pediatric gastroenterology from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia: a 2-year-old boy with diarrhea, failure to thrive, and hepatomegaly. Medscape J Med . 2009. 11(1):13. . Growth retardation indicators in children under 5 years old. Epidemiol Bull . 1998 Mar. 19 (1):13-6. . Olsen EM, Petersen J, Skovgaard AM, et al. Failure to thrive: the prevalence and concurrence

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

70. Failure to thrive or failure to rear? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Failure to thrive or failure to rear? The study group comprised 40 unselected Caucasian children admitted to hospital whose ages were between 3 months and 3 years and whose weights were less than 3rd centile. A comparison group comprised 34 children from a similar background whose weights were between the 25th and 75th contiles. The mothers of all 74 children were interviewed and information was obtained on physical health of the child, social and family factors, bonding, feeding difficulties

1978 Archives of Disease in Childhood

71. A Multi-Center Study To Evaluate Multiple Doses of NT100 Following IVF In Women With Repeated IVF Failures (Thrive-IVF)

A Multi-Center Study To Evaluate Multiple Doses of NT100 Following IVF In Women With Repeated IVF Failures (Thrive-IVF) A Multi-Center Study To Evaluate Multiple Doses of NT100 Following IVF In Women With Repeated IVF Failures (Thrive-IVF) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Multi-Center Study To Evaluate Multiple Doses of NT100 Following IVF In Women With Repeated IVF Failures (Thrive-IVF) (Thrive-IVF) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01864356 Recruitment Status

2013 Clinical Trials

72. Increased length of stay and costs associated with weekend admissions for failure to thrive. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased length of stay and costs associated with weekend admissions for failure to thrive. To evaluate whether admission day of the week affects the length of stay (LOS) and health care costs for failure to thrive (FTT) admissions.Administrative data were obtained for all children aged <2 years (N = 23 332) with a primary admission diagnosis of FTT from 2003-2011 from 42 freestanding US hospitals. Demographic characteristics, day of admission, LOS, costs per stay, number of discharge

2013 Pediatrics

73. Does adenotonsillectomy alter IGF-1 and ghrelin serum levels in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and failure to thrive? A prospective study. (Abstract)

Does adenotonsillectomy alter IGF-1 and ghrelin serum levels in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and failure to thrive? A prospective study. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) contributes to upper airway obstruction and recurrent tonsillitis in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on serum IGF-1 and ghrelin levels in children with ATH failure to thrive.Forty pre-pubertal children with more than 5 years of age (6.57 ± 1.284 years) suffering from (...) adenotonsillectomy; this could in turns prevent undesirable and irreversible physiological changes that occur due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Adenotonsillectomy in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and failure to thrive increases IGF-1 and Ghrelin serum levels which might contribute to the improvement in the growth pattern of the children.Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

2013 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

74. Ghrelin and Obestatin Levels in Children with Failure to Thrive and Obesity. (Abstract)

Ghrelin and Obestatin Levels in Children with Failure to Thrive and Obesity. Ghrelin and obestatin are 2 gastric hormones with opposite effects on food intake and body weight. We investigated plasma ghrelin and obestatin in children with failure to thrive (FTT) and obesity as compared with age-matched controls.A total of 63 children were included in the study: 13 with FTT, 17 with obesity, and 33 age-matched controls. Children fasted for at least 8 hours before specimen collection. Both (...) hormones were measured using commercially available enzyme immunoassay kits.Ghrelin and obestatin levels in children with FTT were not significantly different from that of the age-matched controls (P >0.05). In children with obesity, the total ghrelin levels were significantly lower (P = 0.0003) and the obestatin levels significantly higher (P = 0.029) compared with those in controls. In the control group, the fasting ghrelin level was significantly higher in the younger (<3 years) than in the older

2013 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

75. Antireflux procedures for gastroesophageal reflux disease in children: influence of patient age on surgical management. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to 17 years (0.43 [P < .001]) relative to children younger than 2 months. Hazard ratios were independently increased for comorbid diagnoses of failure to thrive, neurodevelopmental delay, cardiopulmonary anomalies, cerebral palsy, and aspiration pneumonia and among patients with tracheoesophageal fistula and diaphragmatic hernia. Each additional GERD-related hospitalization was associated with a 10% increased risk of an ARP. CONCLUSIONS AND REVELANCE: Antireflux procedures are most commonly (...) Antireflux procedures for gastroesophageal reflux disease in children: influence of patient age on surgical management. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common diagnosis in infants and children, but no objective criteria exist to guide the diagnosis and treatment of this disease in this population. The extent to which age influences decisions about surgical treatment in childhood GERD is unknown.To identify factors associated with progression to antireflux procedures (ARPs

2014 JAMA surgery

76. Gradenigo's syndrome in a four-year-old patient: a rare diagnosis in the modern antibiotic era. (Abstract)

Gradenigo's syndrome in a four-year-old patient: a rare diagnosis in the modern antibiotic era. This study gives details of a rare case of petrous apicitis that presented as Gradenigo's syndrome and was managed surgically.This study presents a case report and review of the literature.A four-year-old female was admitted for failure to thrive following recent sinusitis. Physical examination was positive for right sided facial pain, photophobia and right abducens nerve palsy. Subsequent magnetic

2019 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

77. Normative growth charts for Shwachman-Diamond syndrome from Italian cohort of 0-8 years old. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Normative growth charts for Shwachman-Diamond syndrome from Italian cohort of 0-8 years old. Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Its predominant manifestations include exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, bone marrow failure and skeletal abnormalities. Patients frequently present failure to thrive and susceptibility to short stature. Average birth weight is at the 25th percentile; by the first birthday, >50% of patients drop below the third percentile

2019 BMJ open

78. Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy Due to a Primary Carcinoid Prostatic Tumor in a Three-Year-Old Child: A Case Report. (Abstract)

Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy Due to a Primary Carcinoid Prostatic Tumor in a Three-Year-Old Child: A Case Report. We present an extremely rare case of a 3-year-old child with a primary carcinoid tumor of the prostate. A 3-year-old boy presented with failure to thrive, constipation, recurrent respiratory tract infections, and pain in the genital area. His karyotype was normal and cystic fibrosis and coeliac disease were excluded prior to further investigation. An abdominopelvic computed

2019 Urology

79. UnderNutrition and the Older Person

: liberalized diets for older adults in long-term care. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98: 201-204. [33] Lorefalt B, Wissing U, Unosson M. Smaller but energy and protein-enriched meals improve energy and nutrient intakes in elderly patients. J Nutr Health Aging. 2005;9: 243- 247. [34] Bauer J, Biolo G, Cederholm T, et al. Evidence-based recommendations for optimal dietary protein intake in older people: a position paper from the PROT-AGE Study Group. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2013;14: 542- 559. [35] Wilson MM (...) UnderNutrition and the Older Person Position Statement No 6 Undernutrition and the Older Person Key Points 1. Undernutrition in older people is common and the prevalence increases with increasing frailty. 2. Undernutrition in older people is associated with poor health outcomes and increased health care costs. 3. There are physiological reasons (reduced smell and taste) for decreased appetite and weight loss in older people and this includes the Anorexia of Ageing and Sarcopenia. 4. Sarcopenia

2015 Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine

80. Failure to Thrive Management

Failure to Thrive Management Aka: Failure to Thrive Management II. Management: Calories required for catch-up Children with FTT require 150% of RDA of calories Schedule: Replacement calories needed per day Kg based on expected weight Age 2-4 weeks: 120 KCal/kg/day Age 1-2 months: 115 KCal/kg/day Age 2-3 months: 105 KCal/kg/day Age 3-6 months: 95 KCal/kg/day Age 6 months to 5 years: 90 KCal/kg/day Formula: Replacement calories needed per day KCals/kg = (120 kcal/kg x (Normal kg)) / (current kg) III (...) Failure to Thrive Management Failure to Thrive Management Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Failure to Thrive Management

2015 FP Notebook

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