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FACES Pain Rating Scale

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1. Self-report of pain in young people and adults with spastic cerebral palsy: interrater reliability of the revised Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (r-FLACC) scale ratings. (PubMed)

Self-report of pain in young people and adults with spastic cerebral palsy: interrater reliability of the revised Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (r-FLACC) scale ratings. People with cerebral palsy (CP) are often unable to express pain owing to cognitive or speech impairments. Reports that rely on observation can be inaccurate, because behaviours such as grimacing, common in people with spastic CP, resemble pain expressions. We examined preliminary validity and reliability (...) of the revised Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (r-FLACC) scale in people with spastic CP.Forty-eight young people and adults (35 females, 13 males; mean [SD] age 29y 2mo [13y]) were video-recorded during a standard examination, rating their pain (0-10) afterwards. Two raters completed the r-FLACC using the video recordings. Interrater reliability was assessed with an unconditional cross-classified random-effects model and item response theory approach; Pearson correlations measured agreement

2018 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

2. FACES Pain Rating Scale

FACES Pain Rating Scale FACES Pain Rating Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 FACES Pain Rating Scale FACES Pain (...) Rating Scale Aka: FACES Pain Rating Scale , Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale From Related Chapters II. Indications Pain Assessment in children III. Scale Score 0: ?? - No Pain (Very happy face) Score 2: ?? - A Little Pain (Happy face) Score 4: ?? - A Little More Pain (Neutral face) Score 6: ?? - Even More Pain (Mildly sad face) Score 8: ?? - A Whole Lot of Pain (Very sad face) Score 10: ?? - Worst Pain (Crying face) IV. Resources Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images

2018 FP Notebook

3. Validity of the Korean Version of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability Scale for Assessment of Pain in Dementia Patients (PubMed)

FLACC. Eighty-eight patients with dementia who visited Konkuk University Medical Center were evaluated. The K-FLACC revealed good validity as compared to the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS; r = 0.617, P < 0.001) and the Face Pain Scale (FPS; r = 0.350, P = 0.001). All of the five domains of the K-FLACC were related to the NRS and FPS, in which the activity domain showed the highest correlation. Test-retest reliability was excellent, as the intra-class correlation coefficient comparing the retest to test (...) Validity of the Korean Version of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability Scale for Assessment of Pain in Dementia Patients Pain is often associated with a more rapid progression of cognitive and functional decline, and behavioral disturbance in dementia. Therefore, it is essential to accurately assesses pain for proper intervention in patients with dementia. The Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (FLACC) scale is an excellent behaviour scale which includes most

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2017 Journal of Korean medical science

4. Psychometric Testing of the Defense and Veterans Pain Rating Scale (DVPRS): A New Pain Scale for Military Population. (PubMed)

Psychometric Testing of the Defense and Veterans Pain Rating Scale (DVPRS): A New Pain Scale for Military Population. The Defense and Veterans Pain Rating Scale (DVPRS 2.0) is a pain assessment tool that utilizes a numerical rating scale enhanced by functional word descriptors, color coding, and pictorial facial expressions matched to pain levels. Four supplemental questions measure how much pain interferes with usual activity and sleep, and affects mood and contributes to stress.Psychometric (...) intensity scale (Kendall's coefficient of concordance, W = 0.95 and 0.959, respectively). Construct validity was supported by an exploratory principal component factor analysis and known groups validity testing. Most participants, 70.9%, felt that the DVPRS was superior to other pain rating scales.The DVPRS 2.0 is a reliable and valid instrument that provides standard language and metrics to communicate pain and related outcomes.Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Academy

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2016 Pain Medicine

5. Relative and absolute reliability of a vertical numerical pain rating scale supplemented with a faces pain scale after stroke. (PubMed)

Relative and absolute reliability of a vertical numerical pain rating scale supplemented with a faces pain scale after stroke. Pain is a serious adverse complication after stroke. The combination of a vertical numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) and a faces pain scale (FPS) has been advocated to measure pain after stroke.This study was conducted to investigate whether an NPRS supplemented with an FPS (NPRS-FPS) would show good test-retest reliability in people with stroke. The relative (...) and absolute reliability of the NPRS-FPS were examined.A test-retest design was used for this study.Fifty people (>3 months after stroke) participating in an outpatient occupational therapy program were recruited through medical centers to rate current pain intensity twice, at a 1-week interval, with the NPRS-FPS (on a scale from 0 to 10). The relative reliability of the NPRS-FPS was analyzed with the intraclass correlation coefficient for determining the degree of consistency and agreement between 2

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2014 Physical therapy

6. FACES Pain Rating Scale

FACES Pain Rating Scale FACES Pain Rating Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 FACES Pain Rating Scale FACES Pain (...) Rating Scale Aka: FACES Pain Rating Scale , Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale From Related Chapters II. Indications Pain Assessment in children III. Scale Score 0: ?? - No Pain (Very happy face) Score 2: ?? - A Little Pain (Happy face) Score 4: ?? - A Little More Pain (Neutral face) Score 6: ?? - Even More Pain (Mildly sad face) Score 8: ?? - A Whole Lot of Pain (Very sad face) Score 10: ?? - Worst Pain (Crying face) IV. Resources Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images

2016 FP Notebook

7. Validity and Reliability of the Verbal Numerical Rating Scale for Children Aged 4 to 17 Years With Acute Pain. (PubMed)

of children aged 4 to 17 years. Children self-reported their pain intensity, using the Verbal Numerical Rating Scale and Faces Pain Scale-Revised at 2 serial assessments. We evaluated convergent validity (strong validity defined as correlation coefficient ≥0.60), agreement (difference between concurrent Verbal Numerical Rating Scale and Faces Pain Scale-Revised scores), known-groups validity (difference in score between children with painful versus nonpainful conditions), responsivity (decrease in score (...) Validity and Reliability of the Verbal Numerical Rating Scale for Children Aged 4 to 17 Years With Acute Pain. The Verbal Numerical Rating Scale is the most commonly used self-report measure of pain intensity. It is unclear how the validity and reliability of the scale scores vary across children's ages. We aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the scale for children presenting to the emergency department across a comprehensive spectrum of age.This was a cross-sectional study

2017 Annals of Emergency Medicine

8. Validation of the pictorial Baxter Retching Faces scale for the measurement of the severity of postoperative nausea in Spanish-speaking children. (PubMed)

have not been validated.Healthy Spanish-speaking children aged 7-18 yr (n=184) undergoing elective ambulatory surgery rated perioperative pain and nausea using visual analogue (VAS) and pictorial Faces Pain Scale - Revised and BARF scales, along with a Likert scale measurement of symptom changes. Parents kept a post-discharge diary.Postoperative BARF scores were significantly higher in patients receiving anti-emetics {mean [standard deviation (sd)]: 4.6 (3.4) vs 0.9 (1.6); P<0.001}. Nausea scores (...) Validation of the pictorial Baxter Retching Faces scale for the measurement of the severity of postoperative nausea in Spanish-speaking children. As the intensity of nausea, a subjective symptom, is difficult to estimate in children, vomiting is used as the objective clinical endpoint in managing paediatric postoperative nausea and vomiting. The pictorial Baxter Retching Faces (BARF) scale is a validated quantitative measure of paediatric nausea, but versions in languages other than English

2018 British Journal of Anaesthesia

9. A verbal descriptor incremental pain scale developed by South African Tswana-speaking patients with low back pain (PubMed)

other non-verbal pain scales.All items on the final scale were approved by at least 70% of both male and female participants. The scores for the TVPDS correlated well with present pain perception (r = 0.729, p < 0.0001) measured on the numerical visual analogue scale. The TVPDS correlated well with the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale (r = 0.695, p < 0.0001) and the Pakistani Coin Pain Scale (r = 0.717, p < 0.0001).The TVPDS has the potential to be a useful clinical scale but more testing in other (...) A verbal descriptor incremental pain scale developed by South African Tswana-speaking patients with low back pain Measuring pain in patients whose home language is not English can be difficult as there may not be a scale available in their home language. Scales devised in other countries may also not be accurate after translation.The aim of this study was to develop and test a new verbal pain descriptor scale in a Tswana-speaking population in South Africa with low back pain.Two separate Tswana

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2018 The South African Journal of Physiotherapy

10. Somatotopic effects of rTMS in neuropathic pain? A comparison between stimulation over hand and face motor areas. (PubMed)

target was defined by anatomical MRI and EMG responses in all patients, completed in 19 of them by functional MRI. Sessions were separated by at least 2 weeks and applied in random order. Pain relief was assessed using numerical rating scale (NRS).In terms of percentage of pain relief, rTMS over the hand motor area was significantly superior to both face rTMS and placebo. When comparing pre- and post-NRS scores, a significant decrease in pain was observed after hand area rTMS for the two pain (...) Somatotopic effects of rTMS in neuropathic pain? A comparison between stimulation over hand and face motor areas. The therapeutic influence of somatotopic matching between pain topography and motor cortex stimulation site for neuropathic pain (NP) remains controversial.Thirty-two patients suffering from NP involving the upper limb (n = 20) or the face (n = 12) received two high-frequency rTMS neuronavigated sessions targeting hand and face motor cortical areas, versus placebo. The cortical

2017 European Journal of Pain

11. Beyond Pills: Acupressure Impact on Self-Rated Pain and Anxiety Scores. (PubMed)

scores (0-10) with the Wong-Baker Faces Scale and pre- and post-treatment self-rated anxiety scores (0-10) on a visual analog scale.Five hundred and nineteen acupressure treatments were retrospectively analyzed with pre- and post-treatment self-rated pain and anxiety scores, where 0 represented no pain or anxiety and 10 represented the worst pain and anxiety. Overall, participants demonstrated a two-point decrease in pain scores and a four-point decrease in anxiety scores post-treatment. Hospitalized (...) Beyond Pills: Acupressure Impact on Self-Rated Pain and Anxiety Scores. To determine impact of an acupressure protocol on self-rated pain and anxiety scores.Retrospective database analysis of self-rated pain and anxiety scores before and immediately after administration of stress release acupressure protocol.Participants include hospitalized patients, nurses, and public.Involves a 16-point stress release acupressure protocol.Outcome measures involve pre- and post-treatment self-rated pain

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2019 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

12. Pain Comparison Whit Visual Analog Scale (EVA) Between Four Analgesic Methods During Trans Rectal Prostatic Biopsy

of the discomfort or pain in the introduction of the trans rectal ultrasound transducer determined at the end of the procedure with Visual Analog Scale for Pain, which is a psychometric measuring instrument designed to assess the pain intensity experienced by each patient individually. Was employ for first time in 1921 and referred as a "graphical rating method", which has the characteristic of being able to achieve a rapid classification (statistically measurable and reproducible) of the severity of pain (...) experience. The analogous visual scale used for this study measures from 0-10 the intensity of the pain with a series of "faces" that show the intensity in the pain experimentation with categories like "No pain" approximately 0-1, mild, annoying in number 2, nagging in number 4, distressing in number 6, intense in number 8 and worst possible in number 10. Secondary Outcome Measures : Biopsy [ Time Frame: Interview 15 to 30 minutes at the end of the procedure ] Evaluation of the discomfort or pain

2018 Clinical Trials

13. What Determines Whether a Pain is Rated as Mild, Moderate, or Severe? The Importance of Pain Beliefs and Pain Interference. (PubMed)

What Determines Whether a Pain is Rated as Mild, Moderate, or Severe? The Importance of Pain Beliefs and Pain Interference. Reliable and valid measures of pain intensity are needed to accurately evaluate the efficacy of pain treatments. Perhaps with the exception of faces pain intensity scales, which are thought to reflect both pain intensity and pain affect, the other most commonly used pain intensity scales-Numerical Rating Scales (NRSs), Visual Analog Scales, and Verbal Rating Scales (VRSs (...) )-are all thought to reflect primarily pain intensity or the magnitude of felt pain. However, to our knowledge, this assumption has not been directly tested for VRSs.We evaluated whether VRS pain severity ratings are influenced by pain beliefs, catastrophizing, or pain interference over and above any effects of pain intensity, as measured by a NRS, in 4 samples of individuals with physical disabilities and chronic pain.As hypothesized, and while controlling for pain intensity as measured by a NRS

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2016 Clinical Journal of Pain

14. The use of the FLACC pain scale in pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy. (PubMed)

The use of the FLACC pain scale in pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy. 1) Determine the usage rate of opioid pain medication after adenotonsillectomy (T&A). 2) Review the use of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) pain scale for T&A patients 3) Determine the rate of postoperative physician contacts for pain related complaints.A retrospective case series review was performed on 125 pediatric patients undergoing T&A and subsequent 23-hour postoperative observation (...) at an academic tertiary care center from June-August of 2015. Postoperative pain scores using the FLACC pain scale, the utilization of opioid pain medications, and the number of postoperative contacts for pain were recorded.Average age of patients was 5.7 years and 50% were female. 90% of T&A's were performed for adenotonsillar hypertrophy. The post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage rate was 4%. 70 (56%) patients required postoperative opioid pain medication, with (30) 43% of these patients requiring more than one

2017 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

15. The Royal College of Emergency Medicine composite pain scale for children: level of inter-rater agreement. (PubMed)

Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale (FACES Scale), a Behaviour scale and a numerical rating scale (Ladder). Comparisons were made between scores from individual scales and raters.117 children (26 aged 0-8 years (group 1) and 91 aged >8-16 years (group 2)) were enrolled in the study. Pain in group 1 was assessed by the nurse and doctor using the FACES Scale and the Behaviour scale. The FACES Scale demonstrated greater inter-rater agreement than the Behaviour scale. Pain in group 2 was assessed (...) The Royal College of Emergency Medicine composite pain scale for children: level of inter-rater agreement. To assess the inter-rater agreement of the Royal College of Emergency Medicine (RCEM) Composite Pain Scale.A prospective, observational study of 117 children who presented to the ED with pain due to a limb injury. Pain severity was assessed by the triage nurse, doctor and child (depending on their age) using indicators of the RCEM Composite Pain Scale. This pain scale comprises a modified

2017 Emergency Medicine Journal

16. Validity of three rating scales for measuring pain intensity in youths with physical disabilities. (PubMed)

Validity of three rating scales for measuring pain intensity in youths with physical disabilities. There is growing evidence confirming that youths with physical disabilities are at risk for chronic pain. Although many scales for assessing pain intensity exist, it is unclear whether they are all equally suitable for youths. The aim of this study was to address this knowledge gap by comparing the validity of the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS-11), the Wong Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale (FACES (...) ), and a 6-point categorical Verbal Rating Scale (VRS-6) for assessing pain intensity among youths (aged 8-20) with physical disabilities.One hundred and thirteen youths (mean age = 14.19 years; SD = 2.9) were interviewed and asked to rate their current pain intensity and recalled (in the past week) worst, least, and average pain with the NRS-11 and the FACES. Participants were also asked to rate their average pain intensity during the past 4 weeks using a VRS-6, and were administered measures assessing

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2015 European Journal of Pain

17. Low back pain and radicular pain: development of a clinical pathway

Analysis and Retrieval System Online (International biomedical database) MeSH Medical subject headings mm millimetre Mo Months MRC Medical Research Council Scale for muscle strength MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (United Kingdom) NIDHI National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance - Rijksinstituut voor Ziekte- en Invaliditeitsverzekering – Institut National d’Assurance Maladie-Invalidité NRS Numeric rating scale NSAID Non-Steroidal (...) is a common problem, with a one-year prevalence of nearly 40% and a lifetime prevalence of over 70% in industrialized countries. Back pain usually comes in episodes. The 1-year incidence of a first ever episode of low back pain is estimated to range between 6 and 15%. Likelihood of good recovery is high, but unfortunately, the recurrence rate is also high – reportedly between 24 and 80% for 1-year recurrence 1 . Low back pain was reported as the overall number one cause of years lived with disability 2

2017 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

18. The Wong-Baker Pain FACES Scale Measures Pain, Not Fear. (PubMed)

The Wong-Baker Pain FACES Scale Measures Pain, Not Fear. The Wong-Baker FACES pain rating scale (WBS) is preferred by parents and patients for reporting pain severity. However, it is speculated that the "no hurt" and "hurts worst" anchors confound pain measurement with nonnociceptive states. The objective of our study was to determine if fear confounds reporting of pain severity on the WBS. We hypothesized that the WBS would correlate with a psychometrically different pain severity scale (...) (the visual analog scale [VAS]) and not correlate with a fear measure, the Child Medical Fear Scale (CMFS).This was a prospective observational study of children 7 to 12 years presenting to a university-based suburban pediatric ED with acute pain. Patients rated pain severity on the WBS ordinal scale and a 100-mm unhatched VAS with marked end points of "no pain" and "worse pain ever." Patients also completed a 26-item CMFS. Correlations between the WBS and VAS with the CMFS total score were assessed

2013 Pediatric Emergency Care

19. Short-term Impact of Assisted Deliveries: Evaluation Based on Behavioral Pain Scoring and Heart Rate Variability. (PubMed)

Short-term Impact of Assisted Deliveries: Evaluation Based on Behavioral Pain Scoring and Heart Rate Variability. Assisted deliveries (ADs) are used in current practice by obstetrical teams during labor when the fetus is likely to face difficulties. In this study, we hypothesized that pain related to instrumental delivery could impair autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity.We investigated infants born by spontaneous delivery (SD group, n=35) and those whose deliveries were assisted by vacuum (...) , forceps, or both (AD group, n=35) between the second and fourth hours of life. Pain was evaluated using the Echelle de Douleur et d'Inconfort du Nouveau-Né/Neonatal Pain and Discomfort Scale (EDIN) behavioral pain scale. ANS activity was analyzed using the newborn infant parasympathetic evaluation (NIPE) index, a heart rate variability based index which is related to the autonomic activity mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system.Neonates in the AD group presented higher EDIN scores than

2017 Clinical Journal of Pain

20. Investigation of Cecal Intubation Rates and Pain Levels Between Water Exchange and Air Insufflation Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

U test will be used to assess the differences in maximum reported pain according to the Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale between study arms. *The term sigmoidoscopy is used here as patients are prepared for the procedure using a standard sigmoidoscopy protocol, rather than colonoscopy. That is, sedation is not administered; this is a standard practice for sigmoidoscopy procedures but not for colonoscopy. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (...) Investigation of Cecal Intubation Rates and Pain Levels Between Water Exchange and Air Insufflation Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Investigation of Cecal Intubation Rates and Pain Levels Between Water Exchange and Air Insufflation Flexible Sigmoidoscopy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached

2017 Clinical Trials

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