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Eye Examination in Children

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1. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination

Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination American Optometric Association - CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination American Optometric Association CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination American Optometric Association CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination for offline reading. Flash Plugin Required The online version of this Flipbook requires the Free Adobe Flash Player. OR You can try our new HTML5 Flipbook! We have a new feature called

2017 American Optometric Association

2. Frequency of Eye Examinations: Guidelines

years or older? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the frequency of eye examinations for individuals with a family history of diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the frequency of eye examinations for individuals diagnosed with diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? Key Message Fifteen guidelines (...) were identified regarding the frequency eye examinations for pediatric and adult populations as well as individuals with diabetes or glaucoma. Files Rapid Response Reference List Published : April 4, 2019 Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our newsletter:

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

3. Magnetic Non-Invasive Acupuncture For Infant Comfort A Pilot Study in Preterm Infants Requiring Eye-exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity

Magnetic Non-Invasive Acupuncture For Infant Comfort A Pilot Study in Preterm Infants Requiring Eye-exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity Magnetic Non-Invasive Acupuncture For Infant Comfort A Pilot Study in Preterm Infants Requiring Eye-exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning (...) You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Magnetic Non-Invasive Acupuncture For Infant Comfort A Pilot Study in Preterm Infants Requiring Eye-exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity (MAGNIFIC-ROP) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your

2018 Clinical Trials

4. Skin-to-skin contact during eye examination did not reduce pain compared to standard care with parental support in preterm infants. (Abstract)

Skin-to-skin contact during eye examination did not reduce pain compared to standard care with parental support in preterm infants. We compared the pain relieving effect of skin-to-skin contact versus standard care in the incubator during screening for retinopathy of prematurity.This randomised crossover study included 35 preterm infants of less than 32 weeks of gestational age admitted to St Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway, between January 2014 and June 2016. Randomisation (...) was for skin-to-skin with one of the parents or standard care with supportive positioning by parents for the first of two consecutive eye examinations. The pain score was measured twice using the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) during and after the eye examination. The infants' movement activity was video recorded after the examination.There was no difference in mean pain scores with skin-to-skin contact versus standard care during (10.2 vs. 10.3, p = 0.91) or after (7.0 vs. 6.8, p = 0.76

2018 Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Prevalence of Ocular Pathology on Initial Screening and Incidence of new findings on Follow up Examinations in Children with Trisomy 21. (Abstract)

in Trisomy 21 at a much higher prevalence than the general population; thus these children initially should have a comprehensive eye examination. While the development of new ocular pathology in a child with Trisomy 21 and a previously normal exam is not unusual, most of these new abnormalities are detectable with automated vision screening techniques or direct visual inspection of the eyes and ocular adnexa; thus once a child has a normal examination, a formal vision screening could replace a formal (...) Prevalence of Ocular Pathology on Initial Screening and Incidence of new findings on Follow up Examinations in Children with Trisomy 21. Various ophthalmologic findings have been associated with Trisomy 21. However, prior studies on this topic are limited by their sample size and the lack of follow-up regarding the incidence of new pathology after an initially normal exam. We determined whether children who have a normal first examination need to have formal re-evaluation

2019 American Journal of Ophthalmology

6. The Eye Examination in the Evaluation of Child Abuse. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Eye Examination in the Evaluation of Child Abuse. Child abuse can cause injury to any part of the eye. The most common manifestations are retinal hemorrhages (RHs) in infants and young children with abusive head trauma (AHT). Although RHs are an important indicator of possible AHT, they are also found in other conditions. Distinguishing the number, type, location, and pattern of RHs is important in evaluating a differential diagnosis. Eye trauma can be seen in cases of physical abuse or AHT (...) and may prompt referral for ophthalmologic assessment. Physicians have a responsibility to consider abuse in the differential diagnosis of pediatric eye trauma. Identification and documentation of inflicted ocular trauma requires a thorough examination by an ophthalmologist, including indirect ophthalmoscopy, most optimally through a dilated pupil, especially for the evaluation of possible RHs. An eye examination is helpful in detecting abnormalities that can help identify a medical or traumatic

2018 Pediatrics

7. Findings from an opt-in eye examination service in English special schools. Is vision screening effective for this population? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Findings from an opt-in eye examination service in English special schools. Is vision screening effective for this population? Our objective was to present the findings of an opt-in, school-based eye care service for children attending 11 special schools in England and use these findings to determine whether a vision screening programme would be appropriate for this population. Data from eye examinations provided to 949 pupils (mean age 10.7 years) was analysed to determine the prevalence (...) and aetiology of visual deficiencies and reported eye care history. For 46.2% (n = 438) of pupils, a visual deficiency was recorded. 12.5% of all the children seen (n = 119) had a visual deficiency that was previously undiagnosed. Referral for a medical opinion was made for 3.1% (n = 29) of pupils seen by the service. Spectacle correction was needed for 31.5% (n = 299) of pupils; for 12.9% (122) these were prescribed for the first time. 3.7% (n = 11) of parents/carers of pupils needing spectacles chose

2019 PLoS ONE

8. Prevalence of visual impairment, ocular pathology, and ability to achieve a thorough examination in an eye clinic for patients with disabilities. (Abstract)

Prevalence of visual impairment, ocular pathology, and ability to achieve a thorough examination in an eye clinic for patients with disabilities. To report the demographics, types of visual/ocular pathology, and ability to achieve a comprehensive examination at a university-based outpatient clinic for individuals of all ages with disabilities.The medical records for all patients with disabilities examined from January 2014 through December 2016 at our monthly clinic staffed by a pediatric (...) %), and iCare or Goldmann intraocular pressure measurement in 28 (15.7%).Patients with disabilities in our cohort had a high prevalence of ocular pathology, which was often treatable and previously unrecognized. Refractive errors were common and frequently accompanied by other treatable conditions. A thorough ophthalmic examination was achievable in most individuals with disabilities.Copyright © 2019 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights

2019 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

9. AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of a Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound Examination for Adults and Children

AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of a Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound Examination for Adults and Children 1 AIUM ? ?Practice ? ?Parameter ? ?for ? ?the ? ?Performance ? ?of ? ?a Transcranial ? ?Doppler ? ?Ultrasound ? ?Examination ? ?for Adults ? ?and ? ?Children Parameter ? ?developed ? ?in ? ?conjunction ? ?with ? ?the ? ?American ? ?College ? ?of ? ?Radiology ? ?(ACR), ? ?the ? ?Society for ? ?Pediatric ? ?Radiology ? ?(SPR), ? ?and ? ?the ? ?Society ? ?of ? ?Radiologists (...) ? ?with ? ?the ? ?American College ? ?of ? ?Radiology ? ?(ACR), ? ?the ? ?Society ? ?for ? ?Pediatric ? ?Radiology ? ?(SPR), ? ?and ? ?the ? ?Society ? ?of Radiologists ? ?in ? ?Ultrasound ? ?(SRU), ? ?this ? ?AIUM ? ?Practice ? ?Parameter ? ?for ? ?the ? ?Performance ? ?of ? ?a Transcranial ? ?Doppler ? ?Ultrasound ? ?Examination ? ?for ? ?Adults ? ?and ? ?Children. ? ?We ? ?are ? ?indebted ? ?to ? ?the many ? ?volunteers ? ?who ? ?contributed ? ?their ? ?time, ? ?knowledge, ? ?and ? ?energy ? ?to ? ?bringing

2017 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

10. Effect of Eye Masks on Neonatal Stress Following Dilated Retinal Examination: The MASK-ROP Randomized Clinical Trial. (Abstract)

Effect of Eye Masks on Neonatal Stress Following Dilated Retinal Examination: The MASK-ROP Randomized Clinical Trial. Although screening examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) prevent blindness, they are physiologically stressful for infants. Photosensitivity during mydriasis may contribute to postexamination stress, and reducing light stimulation may make infants more comfortable.To determine the effect of a phototherapy mask worn during mydriasis on infant stress in the 12-hour (...) period following ROP screening.The Effect of Eyemasks on Neonatal Stress Following Dilated Retinal Examination (MASK-ROP) randomized clinical trial with patient recruitment from April 2016 to June 2017 at neonatal intensive care units at St Michael's Hospital and Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. A consecutive series of infants with birth weight of less than 1500 g and/or gestational age of less than 32 weeks undergoing their first ROP screening were analyzed beginning

2019 JAMA ophthalmology

11. Eye Examination in Children

Eye Examination in Children Aka: Eye Examination in Children , Pediatric Eye Exam , Pediatric Vision Screening II. Epidemiology Only 20% of U.S. Children screened for eye disease III. Risk Factors: High risk children (may require eye specialist screening) Difficulty testing child on 2 separate attempts Age 3: Repeat attempt in 6 months Age 4 and older: Repeat attempt in 1 month s or neurologic disorder Systemic disease of eye disorder s Metabolic disorder Childhood IV. Evaluation: Well Child Exam (...) Eye Examination in Children Eye Examination in Children Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Eye Examination in Children

2018 FP Notebook

12. Needed for Eye and Brain Development? Omega-3s in infant formula

Needed for Eye and Brain Development? Omega-3s in infant formula Tools for Practice is proudly sponsored by the Alberta College of Family Physicians (ACFP). ACFP is a provincial, professional voluntary organization, representing more than 4,500 family physicians, family medicine residents, and medical students in Alberta. Established over sixty years ago, the ACFP strives for excellence in family practice through advocacy, continuing medical education and primary care research. www.acfp.ca (...) September 5, 2017 Needed for Eye and Brain Development? Omega-3s in infant formula Clinical Question: Does adding omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids to infant formula improve brain and eye development in healthy, full-term infants? Bottom Line: Adding omega-3 to infant formula has no consistently meaningful effects on neurocognitive development. One group using one measure of visual acuity consistently found benefits (about 1- line difference on Snellen chart) at 12 months that others do

2017 Tools for Practice

13. Diagnosis of Nephropathic Cystinosis in a Child During Routine Eye Exam Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnosis of Nephropathic Cystinosis in a Child During Routine Eye Exam We present a 7-year-old patient who was diagnosed with asymptomatic nephropathic cystinosis following the detection of the pathognomonic corneal white crystalline opacities during a routine eye examination.

2017 Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology

14. An Examination of Recording Accuracy and Precision From Eye Tracking Data From Toddlerhood to Adulthood Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Examination of Recording Accuracy and Precision From Eye Tracking Data From Toddlerhood to Adulthood The quantitative assessment of eye tracking data quality is critical for ensuring accuracy and precision of gaze position measurements. However, researchers often report the eye tracker's optimal manufacturer's specifications rather than empirical data about the accuracy and precision of the eye tracking data being presented. Indeed, a recent report indicates that less than half of eye (...) tracking researchers surveyed take the eye tracker's accuracy into account when determining areas of interest for analysis, an oversight that could impact the validity of reported results and conclusions. Accordingly, we designed a calibration verification protocol to augment independent quality assessment of eye tracking data and examined whether accuracy and precision varied between three age groups of participants. We also examined the degree to which our externally quantified quality assurance

2018 Frontiers in psychology

15. A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial (Abstract)

A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial To determine the comparative efficacy of developmental care versus standard care for reducing pain and stress in preterm infants during examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).ROP examinations are routinely performed in neonatal intensive care units to detect these lesions. Pain scores recorded during and after eye (...) examinations have revealed physiological and behavioural manifestations of pain and stress.A randomised crossover trial was conducted.Fourteen preterm infants were evaluated. The modified developmental care bundle included environmental modifications, positioning and containment, oxygen supplementation, interaction and approach and cue-based individual care, which were applied before, during and after the ROP examination. The primary outcomes were obtained from pain and stress scores using the premature

2018 EvidenceUpdates

16. Developmental Eye Movement test and dyslexic children: A pilot study with eye movement recordings. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developmental Eye Movement test and dyslexic children: A pilot study with eye movement recordings. The goal of this study is to explore eye movement recordings during the Developmental Eye Movement (DEM) test in dyslexic and non-dyslexic children. Thirteen children with dyslexia, 13 non-dyslexic chronological age- and IQ-matched children and 13 non-dyslexic reading age- and IQ-matched children were examined. Test C of the DEM test was performed with and without eye movement recordings (eye (...) tracker by SuriCog). The results of the three groups were compared. Children with dyslexia and non-dyslexic children of equivalent reading age have significant longer fixation time and take longer to read Test C of the DEM test than non-dyslexic children of similar chronological age. A significant correlation was also found between the fixation time and the number of words read in one minute with the total time to read Test C of the DEM test. DEM test is a useful test for exploring the oculomotor

2018 PLoS ONE

17. Pediatric self-inflicted eye trauma due to a major depressive disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pediatric self-inflicted eye trauma due to a major depressive disorder Self-inflicted eye trauma is a serious form of self-harm as it may lead to irreversible visual disability. Diagnosing self-inflicted ocular injuries, in all its forms, can be quite challenging. In this report, we are presenting a 5-year-old girl presented to Sohag University Outpatient Clinic with a history of repeated attacks of bilateral eye redness with blood-tinged strands removed from her eyes. After ocular examination (...) , inferior bulbar conjunctival injection with blood-tinged strands were found. After careful examination of the strands, it was discovered that they were actual threads of cloth due to self-inflicted eye injury. Following psychiatric consultation, the patient was diagnosed as having a major depressive disorder. The case was subject to pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment, and showed significant improvement within two months of starting treatment as regard to depressive symptoms and self-injury

2018 Electronic physician

18. The high prevalence of myopia in Korean children with influence of parental refractive errors: The 2008-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, respectively). In addition to parental myopia, the age of the child and household income were also significant risk factors for all degrees of pediatric myopia in a family (P ≤ 0.005, respectively). In conclusion, Korean children showed high prevalence of myopia. Children with myopic parents showed a significantly greater risk for myopia and high myopia. (...) The high prevalence of myopia in Korean children with influence of parental refractive errors: The 2008-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of parental refractive errors on myopic children in Korean families using a nationally representative survey. We used the ophthalmologic examination dataset of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys IV and V, a nationwide population-based cross

2018 PLoS ONE

19. A Comparison of Breast Milk and Sucrose in Reducing Neonatal Pain During Eye Exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity. (Abstract)

A Comparison of Breast Milk and Sucrose in Reducing Neonatal Pain During Eye Exam for Retinopathy of Prematurity. This double-blind randomized controlled experimental study aimed to determine the effects of breast milk and sucrose in reducing pain in preterm infants during retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) examination.This study was conducted with 60 preterm infants (breast milk group = 20, sucrose group = 20, and control/distilled water group = 20) meeting the inclusion criteria. The data were (...) collected with the use of an Infant Evaluation Form, Procedure Monitoring Form, and Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP). The preterm infants were provided with 1 mL of breast milk, sucrose, and distilled water before the ROP examination. The pain level in preterm infants was measured by the PIPP 5 minutes before, during, and 5 minutes after the ROP examination. The ROP examinations were video recorded, and videos were evaluated by three observers blinded to the study.No significant difference

2018 Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of an Ultrasound Examination of Solid-Organ Transplants

optimized (eg, decrease the pulse repetition frequency, or reduce the wall ?lter); the use of power Doppler and microvas- cular settings may be helpful. Spectral analysis may include measurements such as the velocity, resistive index (RI), and acceleration time (AT). If there is dif- ?culty identifying the transplant vasculature or perfu- sion, a contrast ultrasound examination may be helpful. A. Liver Transplant Grayscale, color Doppler, and spectral Doppler exam- inations of the liver transplant (...) exam- inations of the pancreas transplant should be per- formed. Before the ultrasound examination, the surgical anatomy should be con?rmed when this information is available. A comparison with prior examinations should be made when possible. The ultrasound evaluation of the transplanted pancreas may be limited by reduced acoustic windows, thereby limiting the ability to obtain the suggested images. 1. Grayscale evaluation of the transplanted pancreas 43–47 : Imaging of the entire pancreas

2020 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

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