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Eye Examination

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1. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination

Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination American Optometric Association - CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination American Optometric Association CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination American Optometric Association CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination for offline reading. Flash Plugin Required The online version of this Flipbook requires the Free Adobe Flash Player. OR You can try our new HTML5 Flipbook! We have a new feature called

2017 American Optometric Association

2. Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses. (PubMed)

Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses. To evaluate agreement between ocular findings of a telemedicine eye screening (visit 1) with diagnoses of a comprehensive eye examination (visit 2).A primary care practice (PCP)-based telemedicine screening programme incorporating fundus photography, intraocular pressure (IOP) and clinical information was conducted. Eligible individuals were African (...) American, Hispanic/Latino or Asian over the age of 40; Caucasian individuals over age 65; and adults of any ethnicity over age 40 with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes. Participants with abnormal images or elevated IOP were invited back for a complete eye examination. Both visit 1 and visit 2 were conducted at participants' local PCP. Ocular findings at visit 1 and eye examination diagnoses at visit 2 are presented, including a cost analysis.Of 906 participants who attended visit 1, 536 were

2019 British Journal of Ophthalmology

3. Comparing Interrater reliability between eye examination and eye self-examination (PubMed)

Comparing Interrater reliability between eye examination and eye self-examination to compare Interrater reliability concerning two eye assessment methods.quasi-experimental study conducted with 324 college students including eye self-examination and eye assessment performed by the researchers in a public university. Kappa coefficient was used to verify agreement.reliability coefficients between Interraters ranged from 0.85 to 0.95, with statistical significance at 0.05. The exams to check (...) for near acuity and peripheral vision presented a reasonable kappa >0.2. The remaining coefficients were higher, ranging from very to totally reliable.comparatively, the results of both methods were similar. The virtual manual on eye self-examination can be used to screen for eye conditions.

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2017 Revista latino-americana de enfermagem

4. An Examination of the Frequency of Paravascular Defects and Epiretinal Membranes in Eyes With Early Glaucoma Using En-face Slab OCT Images. (PubMed)

An Examination of the Frequency of Paravascular Defects and Epiretinal Membranes in Eyes With Early Glaucoma Using En-face Slab OCT Images. To examine the frequency of paravascular defects (PDs) and macular epiretinal membranes (ERMs) in eyes categorized as having mild glaucoma or glaucoma suspect using en-face slab analysis of optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans.Fifty-seven glaucomatous eyes, 44 low-risk suspect eyes, and 101 healthy control eyes were included in the study. The 101 (...) glaucomatous and suspect eyes had a mean deviation better than -6 dB on the 24-2 visual field, and a spherical refractive error between±6 D or axial length <26.5 mm. Two OCT-graders masked to eye classification identified ERMs and PDs on en-face slab images of the macula and peripapillary retina using horizontal B-scans and derived vertical B-scans.Glaucomatous eyes had a significantly higher number of PDs and ERMs than healthy controls (PD, P<0.001; ERM, P=0.046) and low-risk glaucoma suspects (PD, P

2019 Journal of Glaucoma

5. Does eye examination order for standard automated perimetry matter? (PubMed)

Does eye examination order for standard automated perimetry matter? In spite of faster examination procedures, visual field (VF) results are potentially influenced by fatigue. We use large-scale VF data collected from clinics to test the hypothesis that perimetric fatigue effects are greater in the eye examined second.Series of six Humphrey Swedish Interactive Testing Algorithm (SITA) VFs from 6901 patients were retrospectively extracted from a VF database from four different glaucoma clinics (...) (median reduction VF sensitivity of 0.13 dB; p < 0.001). Median (IQR) increase in our surrogate measure of longitudinal MD variability in the second eye tested was 3% (-43%, 50%); this effect was not associated with patient age or rest time between examinations.Statistically significant perimetric fatigue effects manifest on average in the second eye tested in routine clinics using Humphrey Field Analyzer SITA examinations. However, the average effects were very small and there was enormous variation

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2019 Acta ophthalmologica

6. Can laypeople identify a drug-induced QT interval prolongation? A psychophysical and eye-tracking experiment examining the ability of nonexperts to interpret an ECG. (PubMed)

Can laypeople identify a drug-induced QT interval prolongation? A psychophysical and eye-tracking experiment examining the ability of nonexperts to interpret an ECG. The study sought to quantify a layperson's ability to detect drug-induced QT interval prolongation on an electrocardiogram (ECG) and determine whether the presentation of the trace affects such detection.Thirty layperson participants took part in a psychophysical and eye-tracking experiment. Following training, participants (...) was analyzed using the psychometric function to estimate the just noticeable difference threshold, along with eye-tracking metrics.The just noticeable difference 50% and 75% thresholds were 30 and 88 ms, respectively, showing that the majority of laypeople were able to detect a clinically significant QT-prolongation at a low normal heart rate. Eye movement data indicated that people were more likely to appraise the rhythm strip stimulus systematically and accurately.People can quickly be trained to self

2019 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

7. Pathergy testing: prospective comparison of dermatoscopic evaluation and naked eye examination. (PubMed)

Pathergy testing: prospective comparison of dermatoscopic evaluation and naked eye examination. Pathergy phenomenon is a non-specific tissue hyperreactivity reaction due to trauma and is a minor diagnostic criterion of Behcet's disease. In this study, 100 patients with a suspicion of Behcet's disease who were referred to Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Dermatology department between 01.11.2014 and 31.01.2015 are included. Skin pathergy tests were applied to all the patients and results were (...) evaluated by two dermatologists separately at 48th hour, each with naked eye and with dermatoscopy. Test results were scored on a scale of 0-6. At the end of the study, score results of naked eye and dermatoscopy for doctor number 1 were statistically similar. Same results applied for doctor number 2. However, naked eye results of doctor number 1 and 2 for the same patients were significantly different from each other (p 0.0372) and with dermatoscopy examination this difference was eliminated (p > 0.05

2019 Internal and emergency medicine

8. Adherence to diabetic eye examination guidelines in Australia: the National Eye Health Survey. (PubMed)

Adherence to diabetic eye examination guidelines in Australia: the National Eye Health Survey. To determine adherence to NHMRC eye examination guidelines for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian people with diabetes.Cross-sectional survey using multistage, random cluster sampling.Thirty randomly selected geographic sites in the five mainland Australian states and the Northern Territory, stratified by remoteness.1738 Indigenous Australians aged 40-92 years and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians (...) aged 50-98 years were recruited and examined between March 2015 and April 2016 according to a standardised protocol that included a questionnaire (administered by an interviewer) and a series of standard eye tests.Adherence rates to NHMRC eye examination guidelines; factors influencing adherence.Adherence to screening recommendations was significantly greater among non-Indigenous Australians (biennial screening; 77.5%) than Indigenous Australians (annual screening; 52.7%; P < 0.001). Greater

2017 Medical Journal of Australia

9. Examining the response programming function of the Quiet Eye: Do tougher shots need a quieter eye? (PubMed)

Examining the response programming function of the Quiet Eye: Do tougher shots need a quieter eye? Support for the proposition that the Quiet Eye (QE) duration reflects a period of response programming (including task parameterisation) has come from research showing that an increase in task difficulty is associated with increases in QE duration. Here, we build on previous research by manipulating three elements of task difficulty that correspond with different parameters of golf-putting

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2017 Cognitive processing

10. Awareness of the Necessity of Regular Eye Examinations among Diabetics: The Yazd Eye Study (PubMed)

Awareness of the Necessity of Regular Eye Examinations among Diabetics: The Yazd Eye Study Diabetic retinopathy and its consequence, diabetic macular edema, are leading causes of vision loss in diabetics and can develop even in the first years after onset of diabetes. Being asymptomatic in primary phase and having compensatory effect of bilateral vision delay the necessity of eye care utilization. We conducted this study to determine diabetic individuals' level of awareness about the importance (...) of regular eye examinations.As part of the cross-sectional, population-based, Yazd Eye Study on people aged 40-80 years, diabetic participants were identified for enrollment in this research. Participants underwent thorough ophthalmic examinations as well as detailed interview. Well-trained interviewers asked participants about their awareness of screening eye examinations and their necessity. Fasting blood sugar, glycated hemoglobin, and complete lipid profile were assessed. All descriptive and analytic

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2017 International journal of preventive medicine

11. Autologous serum eye drops for dry eye. (PubMed)

with negative culture that did resolve.Overall, investigators reported inconsistency in possible benefits of AS for improving participant-reported symptoms and other objective clinical measures. There might be some benefit in symptoms with AS compared with artificial tears in the short-term, but we found no evidence of an effect after two weeks of treatment. Well-planned, large, high-quality RCTs are warranted to examine participants with dry eye of different severities by using standardized questionnaires (...) Autologous serum eye drops for dry eye. Theoretically, autologous serum eye drops (AS) offer a potential advantage over traditional therapies on the assumption that AS not only serve as a lacrimal substitute to provide lubrication but contain other biochemical components that allow them to mimic natural tears more closely. Application of AS has gained popularity as second-line therapy for patients with dry eye. Published studies on this subject indicate that autologous serum could

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2017 Cochrane

12. Factors affecting foveal avascular zone in healthy eyes: An examination using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. (PubMed)

Factors affecting foveal avascular zone in healthy eyes: An examination using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. To examine factors affecting foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in healthy eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).This prospective, cross-sectional study included 144 eyes of 144 individuals (77 women, 67 men) with a best corrected visual acuity of at least 20/20 and no history of ocular disorders. The area of the superficial FAZ (...) was assessed using OCTA. Age, gender, central retinal thickness (CRT), retinal vascular density, refractive error, and axial length were examined to determine associations with FAZ area.The mean age of the subjects was 42.1 ± 20.2 years (range: 10-79 years). The mean FAZ area was 0.32 ± 0.11 mm2, while the mean retinal vascular density was 35.53 ± 0.92%. Multivariate regression analysis was performed using FAZ area as the dependent variable and age, gender, CRT, retinal vascular density, refractive error

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2017 PLoS ONE

13. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination

Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination Quick Reference Guide: Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline First edition, 20152 1. GOALS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE ADULT EYE AND VISION EXAMINATION • Evaluate the functional status of the eyes and visual system • Assess ocular health and related systemic health conditions • Establish a diagnosis and formulate a treatment and management plan • Counsel (...) and educate the patient regarding visual, ocular, and related systemic health status • Provide recommendations for prevention, treatment, management, or future care. (See Appendix Figure 1 Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination: A Flowchart) 2. POTENTIAL COMPONENTS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE ADULT EYE AND VISION EXAMINATION* (For patients 18 years of age or older) *The examination may include, but is not limited to, the procedures listed. Professional judgment and individual patient symptoms

2015 American Optometric Association

14. In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination?

In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination? BestBets: In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination? In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination? Report By: Anne Bonnici Mallia - F2 Emergency Medicine Search checked by Katharine Wylie - Institution: Ysbyty Gwynedd, Bangor, Gwynedd. Wales, Emergency Department, The Manchester (...) Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK Date Submitted: 9th February 2015 Date Completed: 1st July 2015 Last Modified: 1st July 2015 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a patient presenting with a suspected corneal foreign body] is [instillation of anaesthetic drops before eye examination better than installation after eye examination] at [allowing identification and removal of any foreign bodies]? Clinical Scenario A 47-year-old man presents complaining of a painful gritty sensation within his

2015 BestBETS

15. Unsold is unseen … or is it? Examining the role of peripheral vision in the consumer choice process using eye-tracking methodology. (PubMed)

Unsold is unseen … or is it? Examining the role of peripheral vision in the consumer choice process using eye-tracking methodology. In visual marketing, the truism that "unseen is unsold" means that products that are not noticed will not be sold. This truism rests on the idea that the consumer choice process is heavily influenced by visual search. However, given that the majority of available products are not seen by consumers, this article examines the role of peripheral vision in guiding (...) attention during the consumer choice process. In two eye-tracking studies, one conducted in a lab facility and the other conducted in a supermarket, the authors investigate the role and limitations of peripheral vision. The results show that peripheral vision is used to direct visual attention when discriminating between target and non-target objects in an eye-tracking laboratory. Target and non-target similarity, as well as visual saliency of non-targets, constitute the boundary conditions

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2018 Appetite

16. Relationship between Dry Eye Syndrome and Frequency of Coffee Consumption in Korean Adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V, 2010–2012 (PubMed)

Relationship between Dry Eye Syndrome and Frequency of Coffee Consumption in Korean Adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V, 2010–2012 Dry eye syndrome is a common health problem in the adult population. Many risk factors including age, sex, prior eye surgery, various chronic diseases, and lifestyle factors can affect its development. We have evaluated the risk of dry eye syndrome based on the frequency of coffee consumption among Korean adult population.A total (...) of 9,752 adults with age 19 years and older were randomly selected between 2010 and 2012. They have all participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V of Korea. Dry eye syndrome was being diagnosed by the physicians at some points in the participant's lifetime. The average daily coffee intake was divided into the following: less than 1 cup, 1 to 2 cups, and 3 cups or more. Various physio-environmental factors and medical conditions were used as correction variables to assess

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2018 Korean journal of family medicine

17. Erratum to “Prevalence of Selected Eye Diseases Using Data Harvested from Ophthalmic Checkup Examination of a Cohort of Two Thousand Middle Eastern and North African Subjects” (PubMed)

Erratum to “Prevalence of Selected Eye Diseases Using Data Harvested from Ophthalmic Checkup Examination of a Cohort of Two Thousand Middle Eastern and North African Subjects” [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/8049475.].

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2018 Journal of ophthalmology

18. Can we Predict COronary Resistance By EYE Examination ? (COREYE)

Can we Predict COronary Resistance By EYE Examination ? (COREYE) Can we Predict COronary Resistance By EYE Examination ? (COREYE) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Can we Predict COronary (...) Resistance By EYE Examination ? (COREYE) (COREYE) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03739073 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : November 12, 2018 Last Update Posted : December 31, 2018 See Sponsor

2018 Clinical Trials

19. Impact of car transport availability and drive time on eye examination uptake among adults aged ≥60 years: a record linkage study. (PubMed)

Impact of car transport availability and drive time on eye examination uptake among adults aged ≥60 years: a record linkage study. To examine associations between uptake of free primary eye care, service availability (density of optometric practices) and service accessibility (household car access and drive time to nearest provider) after accounting for socioeconomic status and other individual, household and area factors.We constructed a cohort of 294 870 community-dwelling adults aged 60 (...) years, drawing contextual information from the 2011 Northern Ireland Census. Minimum drive times to the nearest optometry practice (1-19 min) and number of practices were derived for 890 geographical areas. The primary outcome was attendance at one or more publicly funded eye examinations to which all cohort members were entitled between 2009 and 2014. We used multiple log-binomial regression to estimate associations between eye care uptake, car ownership and drive time.Eye examination uptake

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2018 British Journal of Ophthalmology

20. 'It Opened My Eyes'-examining the impact of a multifaceted chlamydia testing intervention on general practitioners using Normalization Process Theory. (PubMed)

'It Opened My Eyes'-examining the impact of a multifaceted chlamydia testing intervention on general practitioners using Normalization Process Theory. Chlamydia is the most common notifiable sexually transmissible infection in Australia. Left untreated, it can develop into pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. The majority of notifications come from general practice and it is ideally situated to test young Australians.The Australian Chlamydia Control Effectiveness Pilot (ACCEPt

2018 Family Practice

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