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Eye Examination

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1. Frequency of Eye Examinations: Guidelines

years or older? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the frequency of eye examinations for individuals with a family history of diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the frequency of eye examinations for individuals diagnosed with diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? Key Message Fifteen guidelines (...) Frequency of Eye Examinations: Guidelines Frequency of Eye Examinations: Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Frequency of Eye Examinations: Guidelines Frequency of Eye Examinations: Guidelines Last updated: April 4, 2019 Project Number: RA1019-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the frequency of eye examinations for individuals aged 0 to 19, 20 to 64, or 65

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Tomography in Eye Examinations: Guidelines

examination in individuals aged 0 to 19, 20 to 64, or 65 years or older? What are the evidence-based guidelines for administration of a tomography exam in conjunction with a regular eye examination in individuals with a family history of diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? What are the evidence-based guidelines for administration of a tomography exam in conjunction with a regular eye examination in individuals diagnosed with diabetes (...) , hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? Key Message Ten evidence-based guidelines were identified relating to the administration of tomography examinations in conjunction with regular eye exams for relevant patient populations. Files Rapid Response Reference List Published : April 8, 2019 Related Content Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our newsletter:

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

3. Fundus Photography in Eye Examinations: Guidelines

in conjunction with a regular eye examination in individuals aged 0 to 19, 20 to 64, or 65 years? What are the evidence-based guidelines for administration of a fundus photography exam in conjunction with a regular eye examination in individuals with a family history of diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? What are the evidence-based guidelines for administration of a fundus photography exam in conjunction with a regular eye examination (...) Fundus Photography in Eye Examinations: Guidelines Fundus Photography in Eye Examinations: Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Fundus Photography in Eye Examinations: Guidelines Fundus Photography in Eye Examinations: Guidelines Last updated: April 18, 2019 Project Number: RA1021-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines for administration of a fundus photography exam

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

4. Automated Perimetry or Electroretinography for Visual Field Testing in Eye Examinations: Guideline

of diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? What are the evidence-based guidelines for administration of automated perimetry or electroretinography in conjunction with a regular eye examination in individuals diagnosed with diabetes, hypertension, ocular hypertension, cataract(s), glaucoma, and/or age-related macular degeneration? Key Message Six evidence-based guidelines were identified regarding automated perimetry (...) Automated Perimetry or Electroretinography for Visual Field Testing in Eye Examinations: Guideline Automated Perimetry or Electroretinography for Visual Field Testing in Eye Examinations: Guideline | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Automated Perimetry or Electroretinography for Visual Field Testing in Eye Examinations: Guideline Automated Perimetry or Electroretinography for Visual Field Testing in Eye Examinations: Guideline Last updated: April 24, 2019 Project Number: RA1022-000

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

5. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination

Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination American Optometric Association - CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination American Optometric Association CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination American Optometric Association CPG_Pediatric_Eye_and_Vision_Examination for offline reading. Flash Plugin Required The online version of this Flipbook requires the Free Adobe Flash Player. OR You can try our new HTML5 Flipbook! We have a new feature called

2017 American Optometric Association

6. Findings from an opt-in eye examination service in English special schools. Is vision screening effective for this population? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Findings from an opt-in eye examination service in English special schools. Is vision screening effective for this population? Our objective was to present the findings of an opt-in, school-based eye care service for children attending 11 special schools in England and use these findings to determine whether a vision screening programme would be appropriate for this population. Data from eye examinations provided to 949 pupils (mean age 10.7 years) was analysed to determine the prevalence (...) and aetiology of visual deficiencies and reported eye care history. For 46.2% (n = 438) of pupils, a visual deficiency was recorded. 12.5% of all the children seen (n = 119) had a visual deficiency that was previously undiagnosed. Referral for a medical opinion was made for 3.1% (n = 29) of pupils seen by the service. Spectacle correction was needed for 31.5% (n = 299) of pupils; for 12.9% (122) these were prescribed for the first time. 3.7% (n = 11) of parents/carers of pupils needing spectacles chose

2019 PLoS ONE

7. INFLUENCE OF FELLOW-EYE EXAMINATION INTERVAL ON VISUAL ACUITY AT FELLOW-EYE NEOVASCULARIZATION IN UNILATERAL TYPE 3 NEOVASCULARIZATION. (Abstract)

INFLUENCE OF FELLOW-EYE EXAMINATION INTERVAL ON VISUAL ACUITY AT FELLOW-EYE NEOVASCULARIZATION IN UNILATERAL TYPE 3 NEOVASCULARIZATION. To evaluate the influence of the fellow-eye examination interval on visual acuity at fellow-eye neovascularization in unilateral Type 3 neovascularization.This retrospective, observational study included 55 patients who were initially diagnosed with unilateral Type 3 neovascularization and subsequently developed fellow-eye neovascularization during the follow (...) -up period. The fellow-eye examination interval was defined as the hospital visit interval between fellow-eye neovascularization detection and immediately before neovascularization detection. The primary outcome measures were the associations between the fellow-eye examination interval and fellow-eye best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at fellow-eye neovascularization detection and degree of deterioration in fellow-eye BCVA.After the initial diagnosis of the first-involved eye, fellow-eye

2019 Retina

8. Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses. (Abstract)

Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses. To evaluate agreement between ocular findings of a telemedicine eye screening (visit 1) with diagnoses of a comprehensive eye examination (visit 2).A primary care practice (PCP)-based telemedicine screening programme incorporating fundus photography, intraocular pressure (IOP) and clinical information was conducted. Eligible individuals were African (...) American, Hispanic/Latino or Asian over the age of 40; Caucasian individuals over age 65; and adults of any ethnicity over age 40 with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes. Participants with abnormal images or elevated IOP were invited back for a complete eye examination. Both visit 1 and visit 2 were conducted at participants' local PCP. Ocular findings at visit 1 and eye examination diagnoses at visit 2 are presented, including a cost analysis.Of 906 participants who attended visit 1, 536 were

2019 British Journal of Ophthalmology

9. Prevalence of visual impairment, ocular pathology, and ability to achieve a thorough examination in an eye clinic for patients with disabilities. (Abstract)

Prevalence of visual impairment, ocular pathology, and ability to achieve a thorough examination in an eye clinic for patients with disabilities. To report the demographics, types of visual/ocular pathology, and ability to achieve a comprehensive examination at a university-based outpatient clinic for individuals of all ages with disabilities.The medical records for all patients with disabilities examined from January 2014 through December 2016 at our monthly clinic staffed by a pediatric (...) ophthalmologist were reviewed retrospectively. Descriptive statistics were calculated for demographics, visual acuity, ocular diagnoses, nonocular diagnoses, refractive error, and achievable examination data. Ocular diagnoses were categorized as treatable or nontreatable and noted if newly diagnosed.A total of 178 patients with disabilities were examined at 281 visits; 119 patients (66.9%) were nonverbal. Of the 178, 140 patients (78.7%) had pathology or refractive error requiring glasses; 126 had pathology

2019 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

10. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination

Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination Quick Reference Guide: Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline First edition, 20152 1. GOALS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE ADULT EYE AND VISION EXAMINATION • Evaluate the functional status of the eyes and visual system • Assess ocular health and related systemic health conditions • Establish a diagnosis and formulate a treatment and management plan • Counsel (...) and educate the patient regarding visual, ocular, and related systemic health status • Provide recommendations for prevention, treatment, management, or future care. (See Appendix Figure 1 Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination: A Flowchart) 2. POTENTIAL COMPONENTS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE ADULT EYE AND VISION EXAMINATION* (For patients 18 years of age or older) *The examination may include, but is not limited to, the procedures listed. Professional judgment and individual patient symptoms

2015 American Optometric Association

11. In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination?

In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination? BestBets: In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination? In suspected corneal foreign body should local anaesthetic be applied before or after eye examination? Report By: Anne Bonnici Mallia - F2 Emergency Medicine Search checked by Katharine Wylie - Institution: Ysbyty Gwynedd, Bangor, Gwynedd. Wales, Emergency Department, The Manchester (...) Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK Date Submitted: 9th February 2015 Date Completed: 1st July 2015 Last Modified: 1st July 2015 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a patient presenting with a suspected corneal foreign body] is [instillation of anaesthetic drops before eye examination better than installation after eye examination] at [allowing identification and removal of any foreign bodies]? Clinical Scenario A 47-year-old man presents complaining of a painful gritty sensation within his

2015 BestBETS

12. Evaluation of a Remote Diagnosis Imaging Model vs Dilated Eye Examination in Referable Macular Degeneration. (Abstract)

Evaluation of a Remote Diagnosis Imaging Model vs Dilated Eye Examination in Referable Macular Degeneration. In improving clinical outcomes, developing a sustainable, transformative care delivery model is important for accessible, efficient, low-cost, high-quality community-based imaging and diagnosis of retinal diseases.To test the feasibility and accuracy of the remote diagnosis imaging model as a clinical screening tool to facilitate the identification of referable macular degeneration.A (...) examination was defined as a traditional dilated eye examination performed by retinal specialists. Deidentified remote diagnosis images were graded for interpretability and presence of referable macular degeneration, defined as any condition requiring a retinal specialist attention. Data analysis was performed from November 20, 2015, to February 10, 2019.Primary outcome was feasibility of the remote retinal imaging. Secondary outcomes were operational characteristics and diagnostic and referral

2019 JAMA ophthalmology

13. Can laypeople identify a drug-induced QT interval prolongation? A psychophysical and eye-tracking experiment examining the ability of nonexperts to interpret an ECG. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can laypeople identify a drug-induced QT interval prolongation? A psychophysical and eye-tracking experiment examining the ability of nonexperts to interpret an ECG. The study sought to quantify a layperson's ability to detect drug-induced QT interval prolongation on an electrocardiogram (ECG) and determine whether the presentation of the trace affects such detection.Thirty layperson participants took part in a psychophysical and eye-tracking experiment. Following training, participants (...) was analyzed using the psychometric function to estimate the just noticeable difference threshold, along with eye-tracking metrics.The just noticeable difference 50% and 75% thresholds were 30 and 88 ms, respectively, showing that the majority of laypeople were able to detect a clinically significant QT-prolongation at a low normal heart rate. Eye movement data indicated that people were more likely to appraise the rhythm strip stimulus systematically and accurately.People can quickly be trained to self

2019 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

14. Effect of Eye Masks on Neonatal Stress Following Dilated Retinal Examination: The MASK-ROP Randomized Clinical Trial. (Abstract)

Effect of Eye Masks on Neonatal Stress Following Dilated Retinal Examination: The MASK-ROP Randomized Clinical Trial. Although screening examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) prevent blindness, they are physiologically stressful for infants. Photosensitivity during mydriasis may contribute to postexamination stress, and reducing light stimulation may make infants more comfortable.To determine the effect of a phototherapy mask worn during mydriasis on infant stress in the 12-hour (...) factors associated with increased stress included younger gestational age (RR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.2-1.5 per week), lower birth weight (RR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.2-1.5 per 100 g), ventilator support around the time of examination (RR, 2.67; 95% CI, 1.3-5.6), intraventricular hemorrhage (RR, 3.78; 95% CI, 1.9-7.3), and hyponatremia (RR, 3.42; 95% CI, 1.8-6.6). No adverse events occurred while using eye masks.This randomized clinical trial found that light sensitivity may play a role in stress observed

2019 JAMA ophthalmology

15. Eye-gaze contingent attention training (ECAT): Examining the causal role of attention regulation in reappraisal and rumination. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Eye-gaze contingent attention training (ECAT): Examining the causal role of attention regulation in reappraisal and rumination. This study used a novel eye-gaze contingent attention training (ECAT) to test the prediction that attention regulation is involved in reappraisal and rumination. Sixty-six undergraduates were randomly assigned to either the control or the active training condition of the ECAT. Active ECAT comprised training in allocating attention toward positive words to efficiently

2019 Biological psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Characteristics Associated with Adherence to Annual Dilated Eye Examinations among US Patients with Diagnosed Diabetes. (Abstract)

Characteristics Associated with Adherence to Annual Dilated Eye Examinations among US Patients with Diagnosed Diabetes. To identify the characteristics that are associated with adherence to annual diabetic eye exams and patient awareness of retinopathy using a nationally representative sample from the United States.Cross-sectional, secondary analysis.National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) participants from 2005 to 2016 aged 20 years and older with diabetes mellitus.The NHANES (...) collected surveys every 2 years from 2005 to 2016, which contained demographic information, clinical information, and time to last dilated eye exam. From 2005 to 2008, retinal photographs were taken of all participants older than 40 years of age. We used univariate and multivariable logistic regression to determine the demographic and clinical factors associated with adherence to annual diabetic eye examinations and those associated with correctly reporting their retinopathy status.Factors associated

2019 Ophthalmology

17. An Examination of the Frequency of Paravascular Defects and Epiretinal Membranes in Eyes With Early Glaucoma Using En-face Slab OCT Images. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Examination of the Frequency of Paravascular Defects and Epiretinal Membranes in Eyes With Early Glaucoma Using En-face Slab OCT Images. To examine the frequency of paravascular defects (PDs) and macular epiretinal membranes (ERMs) in eyes categorized as having mild glaucoma or glaucoma suspect using en-face slab analysis of optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans.Fifty-seven glaucomatous eyes, 44 low-risk suspect eyes, and 101 healthy control eyes were included in the study. The 101 (...) glaucomatous and suspect eyes had a mean deviation better than -6 dB on the 24-2 visual field, and a spherical refractive error between±6 D or axial length <26.5 mm. Two OCT-graders masked to eye classification identified ERMs and PDs on en-face slab images of the macula and peripapillary retina using horizontal B-scans and derived vertical B-scans.Glaucomatous eyes had a significantly higher number of PDs and ERMs than healthy controls (PD, P<0.001; ERM, P=0.046) and low-risk glaucoma suspects (PD, P

2019 Journal of Glaucoma

18. Singapore Chinese Eye Study: key findings from baseline examination and the rationale, methodology of the 6-year follow-up series. (Abstract)

study (SCES-2).3353 Chinese adults who participated in the baseline SCES-1 (2009-2011) were invited for the 6-year follow-up SCES-2 (2015-2017). Examination procedures for SCES-2 included standardised ocular, systemic examinations and questionnaires identical to SCES-1. SCES-2 further included new examinations such as optical coherence tomography angiography, and questionnaires to evaluate health impact and economic burden of eye diseases.In SCES-1, the age-adjusted prevalence of best-corrected low (...) Singapore Chinese Eye Study: key findings from baseline examination and the rationale, methodology of the 6-year follow-up series. In order to address the eye care needs of the increasing numbers of elderly Chinese globally, there is a need for comprehensive understanding on the longitudinal trends of age-related eye diseases among Chinese. We herein report the key findings from the baseline Singapore Chinese Eye Study (SCES-1), and describe the rationale and methodology of the 6-year follow-up

2019 British Journal of Ophthalmology

19. Does eye examination order for standard automated perimetry matter? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Does eye examination order for standard automated perimetry matter? In spite of faster examination procedures, visual field (VF) results are potentially influenced by fatigue. We use large-scale VF data collected from clinics to test the hypothesis that perimetric fatigue effects are greater in the eye examined second.Series of six Humphrey Swedish Interactive Testing Algorithm (SITA) VFs from 6901 patients were retrospectively extracted from a VF database from four different glaucoma clinics (...) (median reduction VF sensitivity of 0.13 dB; p < 0.001). Median (IQR) increase in our surrogate measure of longitudinal MD variability in the second eye tested was 3% (-43%, 50%); this effect was not associated with patient age or rest time between examinations.Statistically significant perimetric fatigue effects manifest on average in the second eye tested in routine clinics using Humphrey Field Analyzer SITA examinations. However, the average effects were very small and there was enormous variation

2019 Acta ophthalmologica

20. Pathergy testing: prospective comparison of dermatoscopic evaluation and naked eye examination. (Abstract)

Pathergy testing: prospective comparison of dermatoscopic evaluation and naked eye examination. Pathergy phenomenon is a non-specific tissue hyperreactivity reaction due to trauma and is a minor diagnostic criterion of Behcet's disease. In this study, 100 patients with a suspicion of Behcet's disease who were referred to Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Dermatology department between 01.11.2014 and 31.01.2015 are included. Skin pathergy tests were applied to all the patients and results were (...) evaluated by two dermatologists separately at 48th hour, each with naked eye and with dermatoscopy. Test results were scored on a scale of 0-6. At the end of the study, score results of naked eye and dermatoscopy for doctor number 1 were statistically similar. Same results applied for doctor number 2. However, naked eye results of doctor number 1 and 2 for the same patients were significantly different from each other (p 0.0372) and with dermatoscopy examination this difference was eliminated (p > 0.05

2019 Internal and emergency medicine

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