How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

900 results for

Expressing Empathy

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Tales of Survival: Preserving Empathy for the Caretaker Who Can?t Let Go

Tales of Survival: Preserving Empathy for the Caretaker Who Can?t Let Go Tales of Survival: Preserving Empathy for the Caretaker Who Can’t Let Go – Clinical Correlations Search Tales of Survival: Preserving Empathy for the Caretaker Who Can’t Let Go January 26, 2018 6 min read By Scarlett Olivia Murphy, MD Peer Reviewed During my recent ICU rotation, I witnessed complicated acts of love between patients and their caretakers as they navigated end-of-life decisions. I observed many individuals (...) a mixture of hope and possible naiveté to something more sinister or uninformed. There were numerous moments during my ICU month where team members expressed frustration on rounds about feeling as if we were treating the patient’s [spouse, sister, child] rather than the patient. Rabbi Abraham Twerski touches on the complicated intersection between serving the self and the needs of a loved one, and how many fail at attaining true selflessness in relationships. He describes a concept he refers to as “fish

2018 Clinical Correlations

2. Measuring empathy in schizophrenia: The Empathic Accuracy Task and its correlation with other empathy measures. (Abstract)

performance, with the comparison group outperforming patients. A moderating effect was found for emotional expressivity of the target: while both patients and the comparison group scored low when judging targets with low expressivity, the comparison group performed better than patients with more expressive targets. Though there were also group differences on the empathy questionnaires, EAT performance did not correlate with questionnaire scores.Individuals with schizophrenia benefit less from (...) the emotional expressivity of other people than the comparison group, which contributes to their impaired empathic accuracy. The lack of correlation between the EAT and the questionnaires suggests a distinction between self-report empathy and actual empathy performance. To explore empathic difficulties in real life, it is important to use instruments that take the interpersonal perspective into account.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2019 Schizophrenia Research

3. The interaction between embodiment and empathy in facial expression recognition Full Text available with Trip Pro

The interaction between embodiment and empathy in facial expression recognition Previous research has demonstrated that the Action-Observation Network (AON) is involved in both emotional-embodiment (empathy) and action-embodiment mechanisms. In this study, we hypothesized that interfering with the AON will impair action recognition and that this impairment will be modulated by empathy levels. In Experiment 1 (n = 90), participants were asked to recognize facial expressions while their facial (...) motion was restricted. In Experiment 2 (n = 50), we interfered with the AON by applying transcranial Direct Current Stimulation to the motor cortex. In both experiments, we found that interfering with the AON impaired the performance of participants with high empathy levels; however, for the first time, we demonstrated that the interference enhanced the performance of participants with low empathy. This novel finding suggests that the embodiment module may be flexible, and that it can be enhanced

2018 Social cognitive and affective neuroscience

4. Validating Rat Model of Empathy for Pain: Effects of Pain Expressions in Social Partners Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validating Rat Model of Empathy for Pain: Effects of Pain Expressions in Social Partners Pain can be socially transferred between familiar rats due to empathic responses. To validate rat model of empathy for pain, effects of pain expressions in a cagemate demonstrator (CD) in pain on empathic pain responses in a naïve cagemate observer (CO) after 30 min priming dyadic social interactions (PDSI) were evaluated. The CD rats were prepared with four pain models: bee venom (BV), formalin, complete (...) of pain between familiar rats is dependent upon not only expressions of pain in social partners but also the time that dyads spent in social communications. The rat model of empathy for pain is a highly stable, reproducible and valid model for studying the neural mechanisms of empathy in lower animals.

2018 Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience

5. Human Empathy, Personality and Experience Affect the Emotion Ratings of Dog and Human Facial Expressions. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Human Empathy, Personality and Experience Affect the Emotion Ratings of Dog and Human Facial Expressions. Facial expressions are important for humans in communicating emotions to the conspecifics and enhancing interpersonal understanding. Many muscles producing facial expressions in humans are also found in domestic dogs, but little is known about how humans perceive dog facial expressions, and which psychological factors influence people's perceptions. Here, we asked 34 observers to rate (...) the valence, arousal, and the six basic emotions (happiness, sadness, surprise, disgust, fear, and anger/aggressiveness) from images of human and dog faces with Pleasant, Neutral and Threatening expressions. We investigated how the subjects' personality (the Big Five Inventory), empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index) and experience of dog behavior affect the ratings of dog and human faces. Ratings of both species followed similar general patterns: human subjects classified dog facial expressions from

2017 PLoS ONE

6. Empathy is proprioceptive: the bodily fundament of empathy – a philosophical contribution to medical education Full Text available with Trip Pro

and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance. Fuchs offers an account of embodied affectivity that emphasizes the role of the (subjective) body for emotion and empathy. By experiencing the bodily expressed emotions of a vis-à-vis with and through the own body empathy (...) Empathy is proprioceptive: the bodily fundament of empathy – a philosophical contribution to medical education The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions

2018 BMC medical education

7. Children’s Empathy and Their Perception and Evaluation of Facial Pain Expression: An Eye Tracking Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Children’s Empathy and Their Perception and Evaluation of Facial Pain Expression: An Eye Tracking Study The function of empathic concern to process pain is a product of evolutionary adaptation. Focusing on 5- to 6-year old children, the current study employed eye-tracking in an odd-one-out task (searching for the emotional facial expression among neutral expressions, N = 47) and a pain evaluation task (evaluating the pain intensity of a facial expression, N = 42) to investigate (...) the relationship between children's empathy and their behavioral and perceptual response to facial pain expression. We found children detected painful expression faster than others (angry, sad, and happy), children high in empathy performed better on searching facial expression of pain, and gave higher evaluation of pain intensity; and rating for pain in painful expressions was best predicted by a self-reported empathy score. As for eye-tracking in pain detection, children fixated on pain more quickly, less

2017 Frontiers in psychology

8. Empathy and Facial Expression Recognition in Children With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects of Stimulant Medication on Empathic Skills in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Empathy and Facial Expression Recognition in Children With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects of Stimulant Medication on Empathic Skills in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. The aim of this study was to compare children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to healthy children and adolescents in terms of state and trait empathy and emotion expression recognition skills. The goal was also to determine whether (...) on children's empathy skills with the Child Behavior Checklist. Self-reported (Bryant Index of Empathy, BEI) and parent-reported (Griffith Empathy Measurement-Parent Rating, GEM-PR) scales were used to evaluate trait empathy. The Empathy Response Task (ERT) was used to evaluate state empathy, and the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy-2 (DANVA-2) was used to evaluate facial expression recognition skills. The scales and tests were repeated after 12 weeks of MPH treatment in the ADHD group.There were

2017 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9. Expressing Empathy

Expressing Empathy Expressing Empathy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Expressing Empathy Expressing Empathy Aka (...) : Expressing Empathy , NURSE Mnemonic II. Protocol Naming "I hear that you are worried about..." Understanding "If I understand, you are worried about how your treatments will affect your job" Respecting "I am impressed with how well you have withstood treatment" Supporting "Please let me know how I might help you" Exploring "Tell me more about your worries about treatment side effects" III. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search

2018 FP Notebook

10. Relationship of trainee dentists' self-reported empathy and communication behaviors with simulated patients' assessment in medical interviews. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship of trainee dentists' self-reported empathy and communication behaviors with simulated patients' assessment in medical interviews. We aimed to clarify the communication behaviors between trainee dentists and simulated patients (SPs), to examine how the level of trainee dentists' self-reported empathy influences assessment by SPs in medical interviews.The study involved 100 trainee dentists at Okayama University Hospital and eight SPs. The trainee dentists conducted initial (...) interviews with the SPs after completing the Japanese version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE). All interviews were recorded and analyzed using the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS). The SPs assessed the trainees' communication immediately after each interview. The trainee dentists were classified into two groups (more positive and less positive) according to SP assessment scores.Compared with less-positive trainees, the more-positive trainees scored higher in the RIAS category of emotional

2018 PLoS ONE

11. Effects of an Educational Film About Body Donors on Students' Empathy and Anxiety Levels in Gross Anatomy. (Abstract)

Effects of an Educational Film About Body Donors on Students' Empathy and Anxiety Levels in Gross Anatomy. While most German anatomy institutes provide only limited information about body donors and their lives, students have expressed a desire to learn more about these individuals, especially about their motivations to donate their bodies for the sake of medical education. In order to gratify this wish, as well as to further humanize body donors, an educational film was compiled, and a study (...) designed to capture the film's effects on medical students. This is the first study using standardized, validated psychological tools to evaluate the impact of an educational film about body donors on students' empathy and psychological stress levels. The study followed a longitudinal, controlled, and cluster randomized design, including 77 (48 females/29 males) participants who watched the video either before, midway, or after the dissection course. Questionnaires were completed at four points in time

2019 Anatomical sciences education Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Empathy in stroke rats is modulated by social settings. (Abstract)

stroke were significantly higher in stroke animals housed with stroke rats, but not with non-stroke rats, indicating that empathy upregulated physiological stress level. The expression of five proteins related to AGE in the thymus reflected the observed pattern of general locomotor activity, RGS, and plasma corticosterone levels. These results indicate that stroke-induced psychological stress manifested on both the behavioral and physiological levels and appeared to be affected by empathy-associated (...) Empathy in stroke rats is modulated by social settings. Rodents display "empathy" defined as perceived physical pain or psychological stress by cagemates when co-experiencing socially distinct traumatic events. The present study tested the hypothesis that empathy occurs in adult rats subjected to an experimental neurological disorder, by allowing co-experience of stroke with cagemates. Psychological stress was measured by general locomotor activity, Rat Grimace Scale (RGS), and plasma

2019 Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

13. Conversational agents for mental health apps: now with added artificial empathy

Conversational agents for mental health apps: now with added artificial empathy Conversational agents for mental health apps Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Conversational agents for mental health apps: now with added artificial empathy Aug 2 2018 Posted by For those new to the area, a conversational agent is a software application in which users have a conversation with a computer via natural language (spoken or written dialogue) . This type of agent (...) on the fence as to whether this type of intervention is beneficial and await to see what further advancements appear. “Why?” you may ask. The big problem I have with conversational agents is how we get them to show appropriate empathy . I don’t believe we’re at a stage where Artificial Intelligence (A.I) can be easily applied to enable an agent to read a person’s emotional state and respond in an appropriate manner under all circumstances, particularly in those that involve discussing mental health

2018 The Mental Elf

14. Exploring Empathy in the Face of Patient Anonymity and Professional Challenges and Barriers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exploring Empathy in the Face of Patient Anonymity and Professional Challenges and Barriers This article defines empathy as the conveyed expression of awareness, understanding, and sensitivity to the experiences, feelings, and emotions of a patient with a medical condition. This article is a reflective short story addressing empathy through the eyes of Maria (a fictitious patient), who is confronted with the challenges of negotiating her first encounter at a medical facility, and through (...) and anxieties experienced by individuals with medical ailments, 2) the critical role that empathy can play in reassuring and comforting patients in pain, 3) the belief held by some individuals that empathy erodes with the practice of medicine, 4) the ongoing threats and barriers to empathy in the medical profession, and 5) the vigilance and diligence required of medical practitioners to ensure maintenance of this essential human quality. Additionally, I describe the challenges of identifying who

2018 The Permanente journal

15. Influences on students’ empathy in medical education: an exploratory interview study with medical students in their third and last year Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influences on students’ empathy in medical education: an exploratory interview study with medical students in their third and last year Empathy is beneficial for patients and physicians. It facilitates treatment and improves physical and psychosocial outcomes. The therapeutic relevance of empathy emphasizes the need to help medical students develop their empathic abilities. Our study aimed to identify factors which promote or hinder the development and expression of empathy in medical (...) students during the course of their studies.We interviewed 24 medical students (six male and six female students in their 6th semester as well as six male and six female students in their final clinical year) using semi-structured interviews. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed using Braun & Clarke's thematic analysis.We identified four main themes influencing the development and expression of empathy. 1) Course of studies: hands-on-experience, role models, science

2018 BMC medical education

16. Changing characteristics of the empathic communication network after empathy-enhancement program for medical students Full Text available with Trip Pro

of others' emotion, and emotional expressivity, this study aimed to identify the central components or hubs of empathic communication and the changed profile of integration among these hubs after the EEPMS. Forty medical students participated in the EEPMS and completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, the Empathy Quotient-Short Form, the Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and the Emotional Expressiveness Scale at baseline and after the EEPMS. The Ising model-based network of empathic communication (...) Changing characteristics of the empathic communication network after empathy-enhancement program for medical students The Empathy-Enhancement Program for Medical Students (EEPMS) comprises five consecutive weekly sessions and aims to improve medical students' empathic ability, an essential component of humanistic medical professionalism. Using a graph theory approach for the Ising network (based on l1-regularized logistic regression) comprising emotional regulation, empathic understanding

2018 Scientific reports

17. Clinical empathy with cancer patients: a content analysis of oncology nurses’ perception Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical empathy with cancer patients: a content analysis of oncology nurses’ perception Empathy is one of the most important communication skills in clinical practice, specifically in the field of oncology. Empathic competences have a significant meaning for caring and therapeutic relations in nurses' responsibilities. Clinical empathy brings positive performance, thus patients' emotions are perceived and expressed more easily. Clinical empathy is contextual, interpersonal and affective (...) , but it is also difficult to study. Awareness of oncology nurses' perception of this phenomenon might help them to plan for more effective patient-centered consultations within interventional programs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the content of clinical empathy with cancer patients from the perspective of oncology nurses.In this qualitative study, 15 oncology nurses were selected by purposive sampling. A semi-structured face-to-face interview was conducted with each of the participants

2018 Patient preference and adherence

18. Neural measures of the role of affective prosody in empathy for pain Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neural measures of the role of affective prosody in empathy for pain Emotional communication often needs the integration of affective prosodic and semantic components from speech and the speaker's facial expression. Affective prosody may have a special role by virtue of its dual-nature; pre-verbal on one side and accompanying semantic content on the other. This consideration led us to hypothesize that it could act transversely, encompassing a wide temporal window involving the processing (...) of facial expressions and semantic content expressed by the speaker. This would allow powerful communication in contexts of potential urgency such as witnessing the speaker's physical pain. Seventeen participants were shown with faces preceded by verbal reports of pain. Facial expressions, intelligibility of the semantic content of the report (i.e., participants' mother tongue vs. fictional language) and the affective prosody of the report (neutral vs. painful) were manipulated. We monitored event

2018 Scientific reports

19. Empathy, Challenge, and Psychophysiological Activation in Therapist–Client Interaction Full Text available with Trip Pro

to index emotional arousal. Facial muscle activity (electromyography) was used to index positive and negative emotional facial expressions. Electrophysiological data were analyzed in two time frames: (a) during the therapists' interventions and (b) across the whole psychotherapy session. Both empathy and challenge had an effect on psychophysiological responses in the participants. Therapists' empathy decreased clients' and increased their own EDA across the session. Therapists' challenge increased (...) their own EDA in response to the interventions, but not across the sessions. Clients, on the other hand, did not respond to challenges during interventions, but challenges tended to increase EDA across a session. Furthermore, there was an interaction effect between empathy and challenge. Heart rate decreased and positive facial expressions increased in sessions where empathy and challenge were coupled, i.e., the amount of both empathy and challenge was either high or low. This suggests that these two

2018 Frontiers in psychology

20. An Alternative View of Self-Discharge Against Medical Advice: An Opportunity to Demonstrate Empathy, Empowerment, and Care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and relatives frequently expressed empathy for each other during the interviews, and discharge against medical advice was presented as a way for patients to have control over their health. Contrary to predominantly negative framings that highlight increased mortality and morbidity, and portray people who discharge against medical advice as poor decision makers, we conclude discharge against medical advice can be framed positively. It can be an opportunity to empathize, empower, and care. We recommend (...) An Alternative View of Self-Discharge Against Medical Advice: An Opportunity to Demonstrate Empathy, Empowerment, and Care. In this article, we present the experiences of discharging against medical advice from the perspectives of 17 hospital and community-based health care practitioners, and 16 patients, and relatives from a range of medical and surgical wards. Semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted and thematically analyzed. We identified that practitioners, patients

2018 Qualitative Health Research

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>