How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

2,359 results for

Expected Value Theory

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. The Mediating Effect of Listening Metacognitive Awareness between Test-Taking Motivation and Listening Test Score: An Expectancy-Value Theory Approach (PubMed)

The Mediating Effect of Listening Metacognitive Awareness between Test-Taking Motivation and Listening Test Score: An Expectancy-Value Theory Approach The present study investigated test-taking motivation in L2 listening testing context by applying Expectancy-Value Theory as the framework. Specifically, this study was intended to examine the complex relationships among expectancy, importance, interest, listening anxiety, listening metacognitive awareness, and listening test score using data (...) from a large-scale and high-stakes language test among Chinese first-year undergraduates. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the mediating effect of listening metacognitive awareness on the relationship between expectancy, importance, interest, listening anxiety, and listening test score. According to the results, test takers' listening scores can be predicted by expectancy, interest, and listening anxiety significantly. The relationship between expectancy, interest, listening anxiety

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Frontiers in psychology

2. Expected Value Theory

Expected Value Theory Expected Value Theory Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Expected Value Theory Expected Value (...) Theory Aka: Expected Value Theory , Expected Utility Theory , Expectancy Value Theory , Time Trade Off , Standard Gamble , Visual Analogue From Related Chapters II. Definition Expected Value Theory Choose an option with the highest expected value (based on the probability of that value occurring) This highest value option is independent of individual discretion (the calculation is the same for all people) The expected value calculation often runs counter to the decision maker's intuition Expected

2018 FP Notebook

3. Motivational processes from expectancy-value theory are associated with variability in the error positivity in young children (PubMed)

Motivational processes from expectancy-value theory are associated with variability in the error positivity in young children Motivational beliefs and values influence how children approach challenging activities. The current study explored motivational processes from an expectancy-value theory framework by studying children's mistakes and their responses to them by focusing on two event-related potential (ERP) components: the error-related negativity (ERN) and the error positivity (Pe (...) ). Motivation was assessed using a child-friendly challenge puzzle task and a brief interview measure prior to ERP testing. Data from 50 4- to 6-year-old children revealed that greater perceived competence beliefs were related to a larger Pe, whereas stronger intrinsic task value beliefs were associated with a smaller Pe. Motivation was unrelated to the ERN. Individual differences in early motivational processes may reflect electrophysiological activity related to conscious error awareness.Copyright © 2016

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Journal of experimental child psychology

4. Network approach for decision making under risk-How do we choose among probabilistic options with the same expected value? (PubMed)

Network approach for decision making under risk-How do we choose among probabilistic options with the same expected value? Conventional decision theory suggests that under risk, people choose option(s) by maximizing the expected utility. However, theories deal ambiguously with different options that have the same expected utility. A network approach is proposed by introducing 'goal' and 'time' factors to reduce the ambiguity in strategies for calculating the time-dependent probability (...) of reaching a goal. As such, a mathematical foundation that explains the irrational behavior of choosing an option with a lower expected utility is revealed, which could imply that humans possess rationality in foresight.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS ONE

5. Expected utility versus expected regret theory versions of decision curve analysis do generate different results when treatment effects are taken into account (PubMed)

Expected utility versus expected regret theory versions of decision curve analysis do generate different results when treatment effects are taken into account Decision curve analysis (DCA) is a widely used method for evaluating diagnostic tests and predictive models. It was developed based on expected utility theory (EUT) and has been reformulated using expected regret theory (ERG). Under certain circumstances, these 2 formulations yield different results. Here we describe these situations (...) significantly different results otherwise. Treatment effect has a significant effect on the results derived by EUT DCA and less so on ERG DCA. The elicitation of specific values for disutilities affected the results even more significantly in the context of EUT DCA, whereas no such elicitation was required within the ERG framework.EUT and ERG DCA generate different results when treatment effects are taken into account. The magnitude of the difference depends on the effect of treatment and the disutilities

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Journal of evaluation in clinical practice

6. Advance care planning in community dwellers: A constructivist grounded theory study of values, preferences and conflicts. (PubMed)

Advance care planning in community dwellers: A constructivist grounded theory study of values, preferences and conflicts. Most laypeople have not engaged in any advance care planning. Yet they are expected to articulate choices for life-sustaining interventions when they need admission to an acute care hospital in Canada.To describe how laypeople understand and make decisions for life-sustaining interventions when engaging in advance care planning.Semi-structured interviews using constructivist (...) grounded theory methodology and purposive sampling.Mid-size Canadian urban community.In total, 20 healthy laypeople, 55 years and older, participated in in-depth semi-structured face-to-face interviews. Theoretical sampling was used to explore findings from the first round of interviews. Ten participants were invited for repeat interviews.Four major themes were identified. Most participants claimed at the outset that they had engaged in advance care planning, but they were unfamiliar with contemporary

2018 Palliative medicine

7. Assessing the Expected Value of Research Studies in Reducing Uncertainty and Improving Implementation Dynamics. (PubMed)

reduction of uncertainty and improvement in implementation by considering diffusion based on expert beliefs with and without further research conditional on the strength of evidence.We use expected value of sample information and expected value of specific implementation measure concepts accounting for the effects of specific research studies on implementation and the reduction of uncertainty. Diffusion theory and elicitation of expert beliefs about the shape of diffusion curves inform implementation (...) compared to the expected value of sample information alone.Assessing the expected value of research in reducing uncertainty and improving implementation dynamics has the potential to complement currently used analyses in health technology assessments, especially in recommendations for further research. The combination of expected value of research, diffusion theory, and elicitation described in this article is an important addition to the existing methods of health technology assessment.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Medical Decision Making

8. Building intentions with the Theory of Planned Behaviour: the mediating role of knowledge and expectations in implementing new pharmaceutical services in Malaysia (PubMed)

Building intentions with the Theory of Planned Behaviour: the mediating role of knowledge and expectations in implementing new pharmaceutical services in Malaysia Pharmacy value added services (PVAS) was introduced as a matter of public health policy by Malaysia's Ministry of Health to improve health outcomes through public healthcare services. For example, drive through pharmacy services is a major policy implementation of the Ministry. However, adoption rates are low and therefore hampering (...) the achievement of national health policy goals.Our objective is to explore the key determinants and mediators of successful implementation of new public pharmaceutical services by investigating the cognitive perspectives of patients' intentions to adopt with the Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework.A two phase mixed methodology involving first a qualitative exploration and the second a quantitative phase was conducted in public health facilities in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Multiple

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Pharmacy Practice

9. Theory based evaluation of long term conditions and MacMillan benefit advice service in Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow

of the specific service in the Spinal Unit, we developed a logic model (Figure 1) to outline the activities undertaken by the Welfare Benefits Team and the intended and expected outcomes. It also demonstrates the underlying programme theory (i.e. how and why the Benefits Service impacts on outcomes). The qualitative and case study data we collected enabled us to evaluate whether the service was successful in achieving its aims and whether it could have plausibly caused some of the changes in outcomes (e.g (...) years after the end of the study, after which they will be shredded and deleted. ANAL YSIS OF QUALITATIVE DATA The data were analyzed thematically. Initial codes were developed and discussed between two team members (RJ and KL) and a coding manual developed. Themes were developed from the codes and reflected the theory of change outlined in the logic model (for the spinal unit) and other activities that are undertaken by various members of staff leading to the changes that are expected in the spinal

2017 Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy

10. Property Values as a Measure of Neighborhoods: An Application of Hedonic Price Theory (PubMed)

Property Values as a Measure of Neighborhoods: An Application of Hedonic Price Theory Researchers measuring relationships between neighborhoods and health have begun using property appraisal data as a source of information about neighborhoods. Economists have developed a rich tool kit to understand how neighborhood characteristics are quantified in appraisal values. This tool kit principally relies on hedonic (implicit) price models and has much to offer regarding the interpretation (...) , census block group poverty, and observed property characteristics). We examine the association between all neighborhood measures and body mass index.The hedonic-based neighborhood measure was correlated in the expected direction with block group poverty rate and observed property characteristics. The neighborhood measure and average raw neighborhood appraisal value, but not census block group poverty, were associated with individual body mass index.We draw theoretically consistent methodology from

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)

11. Theory-Driven Intervention for Changing Personality: Expectancy Value Theory, Behavioral Activation, and Conscientiousness (PubMed)

Theory-Driven Intervention for Changing Personality: Expectancy Value Theory, Behavioral Activation, and Conscientiousness Considerable evidence suggests that personality traits may be changeable, raising the possibility that personality traits most linked to health problems can be modified with intervention. A growing body of research suggests that problematic personality traits may be altered with behavioral intervention using a bottom-up approach. That is, by targeting core behaviors (...) approach, focusing specifically on targeting the trait of conscientiousness using a relevant behavioral intervention, Behavioral Activation (BA), considered within the motivational framework of expectancy value theory (EVT). We conclude with a real case example of the application of BA to alter behaviors counter to conscientiousness in a substance-dependent patient, highlighting the EVT principles most relevant to the approach and the importance and viability of a theoretically driven, bottom-up

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2012 Developmental psychology

12. Determining the Features of Person-centred Models of Care that Patients Value

that respects patient preferences.(31) Second, facilitating a culture of continuous improvement through support from organizational leadership and by setting clear expectations for evidence-based practice in performance appraisals, was identified as an important priority for healthcare organizations.(31) Lastly, health systems that prioritize the triple aim outcomes can further encourage the integration of patient values into care delivery.(31) Determining the Features of Person-centred Models of Care (...) information be coded.(23) Support education, training and research • No evidence related to patient or citizen values was identified for this pillar. Evaluate and support ongoing improvements Sector-specific findings: • One of the panel summaries found that panellists valued accountability to meeting patient expectations in primary care. Specifically, panellists were supportive of decision-makers engaging citizens to select indicators that are relevant and understandable to patients.(32) • The same panel

2018 McMaster Health Forum

13. Developing a Value Framework for Genetic Diagnosis: Part I A Systematic Review of Outcomes Hierarchies and Measurement Approaches

Developing a Value Framework for Genetic Diagnosis: Part I A Systematic Review of Outcomes Hierarchies and Measurement Approaches ACMG Value Review, March 16, 2012 Page 1 Developing a Value Framework for Genetic Diagnosis: Part I A Systematic Review of Outcomes Hierarchies and Measurement Approaches March 16, 2012 Prepared for: American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) ACMG Ad Hoc Committee on the Value of Genetic Diagnosis Prepared by: Linda A. Bradley, PhD, FACMG Glenn E Palomaki, PhD (...) Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the American College of Medical Genetics. ACMG Value Review, March 16, 2012 Page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Commonly Used Acronyms and Abbreviations 4 Executive Summary 5-9 Introduction 10-13 Background and Context 10 Purpose and Scope 11 Methods 14-19 Key Questions and Review Framework 14 Search Strategy 16 Change in Scope of Review 16 Data Abstraction 17 Data Analysis 17

2019 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

14. Expected Value Theory

Expected Value Theory Expected Value Theory Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Expected Value Theory Expected Value (...) Theory Aka: Expected Value Theory , Expected Utility Theory , Expectancy Value Theory , Time Trade Off , Standard Gamble , Visual Analogue From Related Chapters II. Definition Expected Value Theory Choose an option with the highest expected value (based on the probability of that value occurring) This highest value option is independent of individual discretion (the calculation is the same for all people) The expected value calculation often runs counter to the decision maker's intuition Expected

2015 FP Notebook

15. Community pharmacy integration within the primary care pathway for people with long-term conditions: a focus group study of patients', pharmacists' and GPs' experiences and expectations. (PubMed)

Community pharmacy integration within the primary care pathway for people with long-term conditions: a focus group study of patients', pharmacists' and GPs' experiences and expectations. This study aimed to use marketing theory to examine the views of patients, pharmacists and general practitioners (GPs) on how community pharmacies are currently used and to identify how community pharmacy services may be better integrated within the primary care pathway for people with long-term conditions (...) , all stakeholder groups recommended promoting community pharmacy services locally and nationally ("promotion"). Patients felt the most effective form of promotion was first-hand experience of high quality pharmacy services and peer word-of-mouth. The added value of using pharmacy services was faster access and convenience for patients, and freeing up GPs' time to focus on more complex patients ("value").Using the 7Ps marketing mix highlighted factors which could influence utilisation

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 BMC Family Practice

16. The Link Between Personal Values and Frequency of Drinking Depends on Cultural Values: A Cross-Level Interaction Approach (PubMed)

aimed to shed light on this issue by analyzing data on basic values and drinking behavior from 21 national representative samples of the European Social Survey (2014). The results of multilevel regressions showed that country-level effects of Openness to Change (vs. Conservation) or Self-Transcendence (vs. Self-Enhancement) were not significantly related to frequency of drinking. As expected, individual-level Openness to Change (vs. Conservation) was consistently positively related to drinking (...) , a marginally significant interaction between individual- and country-level Openness to Change (vs. Conservation) values supported the same counter-intuitive result. These findings challenge the widespread idea that more conservative societies attenuate the link between personal values and behavior. In contrast, self-affirmation and cultural rewards theories, as well as culture-specific value instantiations, may explain these results. This study shows that the value-behavior link differs across cultures

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in psychology

17. Self-Report Scales to Measure Expectations and Appearance-Related Psychosocial Distress in Patients Seeking Cosmetic Treatments (PubMed)

distress.The scales were field-tested in patients 18 years and older seeking facial aesthetic or body contouring treatments. Recruitment took place in clinics in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada between February 2010 and January 2015. Rasch Measurement Theory (RMT) analysis was used for psychometric evaluation. Scale scores range from 0 to 100; higher scores indicate more inappropriate expectations and higher psychosocial distress.Facial aesthetic (n = 279) and body contouring (n = 90 (...) ) patients participated (97% response). In the RMT analysis, all items had ordered thresholds and acceptable item fit. Person Separation Index and Cronbach alpha values were 0.88 and 0.92 for the Expectation scale, and 0.81 and 0.89 for the Psychosocial Distress scale respectively. Higher expectation correlated with higher psychosocial distress (R = 0.40, P < .001). In the facial aesthetic group, lower scores on the FACE-Q Satisfaction with Appearance scale correlated with higher expectations (R = -0.27

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Aesthetic surgery journal

18. The dimensional salience solution to the expectancy-value muddle: an extension. (PubMed)

The dimensional salience solution to the expectancy-value muddle: an extension. The theory of reasoned action (TRA) specifies a set of expectancy-value, belief-based frameworks that underpin attitude (behavioural beliefs × outcome evaluations) and subjective norm (normative beliefs × motivation to comply). Unfortunately, the most common method for analysing these frameworks generates statistically uninterpretable findings, resulting in what has been termed the 'expectancy-value muddle (...) solution to addressing the expectancy-value muddle in the TRA.

2014 Psychology & health

19. Navigating Challenges of Medical Interpreting Standards and Expectations of Patients and Health Care Professionals: The Interpreter Perspective. (PubMed)

, how they address those challenges, and with what consequences. To address these gaps, we explored experiences of 15 interpreters working in health care settings. As this is a relatively unexplored area and we are exploring social processes, we used grounded theory. Data were analyzed through open, axial, and selective coding. We found all interpreters intended to practice "within" the encounter and valued the medical interpreting standards. However, patient and provider expectations, requests (...) Navigating Challenges of Medical Interpreting Standards and Expectations of Patients and Health Care Professionals: The Interpreter Perspective. Although medical interpreters are guided by a clear set of medical interpreting standards that are designed to ensure an accurate, clear line of communication between patient and provider, limited research has focused on interpreters' actual experiences: how they integrate the medical interpreting standards into practice, challenges they might face

2018 Qualitative Health Research

20. Can percolation theory explain the gelation behavior of diblock copolymer worms? †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Full experimental details including synthesis and characterisation of diblock copolymers; GPC chromatograms; SIPLI im (PubMed)

. For longer, more flexible worms a proportionality constant of approximately two is required to reconcile theory with experimental values for φc. These findings are expected to have important implications for the aqueous gelation behavior exhibited by various other anisotropic nanoparticles, such as cellulose nanocrystals and semicrystalline block copolymer rods, and also fibril-forming small molecule (e.g. dipeptide) gelators. (...) Can percolation theory explain the gelation behavior of diblock copolymer worms? †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Full experimental details including synthesis and characterisation of diblock copolymers; GPC chromatograms; SIPLI im It is well known that polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) offers an efficient synthetic route for the production of highly anisotropic diblock copolymer worms. When prepared in aqueous media, such worms form thermoresponsive free

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Chemical Science

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>