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Exercise in the Elderly

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161. Pilot and feasibility studies in exercise, physical activity, or rehabilitation research Full Text available with Trip Pro

levels. At each level, we present guidance for researchers on the design considerations for pilot or feasibility studies of physical activity interventions. When it comes to defining study population, physical activity trials often exclude participants with certain health conditions or other characteristics (e.g., age, gender) because of uncertainty of the safety of the exercise intervention or presumed differences in responsiveness, at the expense of trial generalizability. A pilot trial could help (...) Pilot and feasibility studies in exercise, physical activity, or rehabilitation research Clinical trials of physical activity and rehabilitation interventions can be challenging. Pilot or feasibility studies can be conducted prior to a definitive randomized controlled trial (RCT), to improve the chances of conducting a high-quality RCT of a physical activity intervention.Physical activity interventions or trials present unique challenges at the population, intervention, comparator and outcome

2018 Pilot and feasibility studies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

162. Efficacy of tiotropium/olodaterol on lung volume, exercise capacity, and physical activity Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of tiotropium/olodaterol on lung volume, exercise capacity, and physical activity This study evaluated the efficacy of tiotropium/olodaterol vs tiotropium on lung function, exercise capacity, and physical activity in patients with COPD.A total of 184 patients aged ≥40 years with COPD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage II-IV) received tiotropium/olodaterol for 6 weeks, then tiotropium for 6 weeks, or vice versa. The primary endpoint was inspiratory capacity (...) patients. A slight improvement in physical activity of relatively more than moderate intensity was also seen with tiotropium/olodaterol.

2018 International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Controlled trial quality: uncertain

163. Analysis of differences in exercise recognition by constraints on physical activity of hospitalized cancer patients based on their medical history Full Text available with Trip Pro

Analysis of differences in exercise recognition by constraints on physical activity of hospitalized cancer patients based on their medical history The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences among the hospitalized cancer patients on their perception of exercise and physical activity constraints based on their medical history. The study used questionnaire survey as measurement tool for 194 cancer patients (male or female, aged 20 or older) living in Seoul metropolitan area (Seoul (...) , Gyeonggi, Incheon). The collected data were analyzed using frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis t-test, and one-way distribution using statistical program SPSS 18.0. The following results were obtained. First, there was no statistically significant difference between cancer stage and exercise recognition/physical activity constraint. Second, there was a significant difference between cancer stage and sociocultural constraint/facility constraint/program constraint. Third

2018 Journal of exercise rehabilitation

164. An Evaluation of Select Physical Activity Exercise Classes on Bone Metabolism Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Evaluation of Select Physical Activity Exercise Classes on Bone Metabolism Weight-bearing physical activity can optimize bone mass early in life and prevent the development of osteoporosis. However, less is known about the potential benefits of non-weight-bearing activities. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of structured physical activity classes on bone metabolism. Twenty-eight premenopausal women, aged 18-35 years who were either enrolled in a yoga class (n=14 (...) , but not yet complete. Increased OC levels suggest the selected physical activity classes provided enough of a stimulus to precipitate a future response of bone growth, assuming exercise training remains constant.

2018 International journal of exercise science

165. Meal-exercise challenge and physical activity reduction impact on immunity and inflammation (MERIIT trial) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Meal-exercise challenge and physical activity reduction impact on immunity and inflammation (MERIIT trial) The effect of a pre-exercise meal as countermeasure to exercise induced immunodepression is poorly known. Also, sedentary behavior is associated with increased cardiometabolic risk but studies on immune changes are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to assess: 1) the impact of a pre-exercise Mediterranean meal (MdM) compared with a fast-food type meal (FFM) on exercise-induced immunological (...) activity level.A total of 46 participants (26 females), median aged 25 years were included. Of those 39-completed protocol, including overweight, physical active and inactive and participants with asthma. There were no differences in the EC between interventions. Dietary factors and physical activity were closely monitored during interventions and kept similar. During physical inactivity induction, 31% reached the target of 50% reduction in mean step number and 77% reached a 30% reduction.The use

2018 Contemporary clinical trials communications Controlled trial quality: uncertain

166. Health Care Provider Counseling for Physical Activity or Exercise Among Adults with Arthritis — United States, 2002 and 2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

to manage arthritis symptoms (2), and a Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase health care provider counseling for physical activity or exercise among adults with arthritis.* To determine the prevalence and percentage change from 2002 to 2014 in receipt of health care provider counseling for physical activity or exercise (counseling for exercise) among adults with arthritis, CDC analyzed 2002 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data. From 2002 to 2014, the age-adjusted prevalence (...) Health Care Provider Counseling for Physical Activity or Exercise Among Adults with Arthritis — United States, 2002 and 2014 Arthritis affects an estimated 54 million U.S. adults and, as a common comorbidity, can contribute arthritis-specific limitations or barriers to physical activity or exercise for persons with diabetes, heart disease, and obesity (1). The American College of Rheumatology's osteoarthritis management guidelines recommend exercise as a first-line, nonpharmacologic strategy

2018 MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

167. The impact of physical activity level on the short- and long-term pain relief from supervised exercise therapy and education: A study of 12,796 Danish patients with knee osteoarthritis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of physical activity level on the short- and long-term pain relief from supervised exercise therapy and education: A study of 12,796 Danish patients with knee osteoarthritis. It is unknown if people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who are already physically active benefit from exercise therapy. To study the impact of physical activity level on pain relief, post-intervention and 12 months following exercise therapy and education.The analyses included 12,796 patients with knee OA from (...) the Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D®) program. GLA:D® consists of 12 sessions of supervised neuromuscular exercise and two sessions of education delivered by trained physical therapists. The impact of physical activity level on change in knee pain intensity (0-100) immediately post-intervention and at 12 months was estimated using a mixed-effects model adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), educational level and comorbidity. Physical activity level was assessed using

2018 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

168. Adherence to a Long-Term Physical Activity and Exercise Program After Stroke Applied in a Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

outcome.In total, 186 informed, consenting participants who had had mild-to-moderate stroke were included 3 months after stroke onset. Mean age was 71.7 years (SD = 11.9). Thirty-four (18.3%) participants withdrew and 9 (4.8%) died during follow-up. Adherence to physical activity and exercise each month ranged from 51.2% to 73.1%, and from 63.5% to 79.7%, respectively. Adherence to physical activity increased by 2.6% per month (odds ratio = 1.026, 95% CI = 1.014-1.037). Most of the exercise was performed (...) Adherence to a Long-Term Physical Activity and Exercise Program After Stroke Applied in a Randomized Controlled Trial. Persistent physical activity is important to maintain motor function across all stages after stroke.The objective of this study was to investigate adherence to an 18-month physical activity and exercise program.The design was a prospective, longitudinal study including participants who had had a stroke randomly allocated to the intervention arm of a randomized controlled

2018 Physical therapy Controlled trial quality: predicted high

169. The likelihood of improving physical activity after pulmonary rehabilitation is increased in patients with COPD who have better exercise tolerance Full Text available with Trip Pro

The likelihood of improving physical activity after pulmonary rehabilitation is increased in patients with COPD who have better exercise tolerance Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) enhances exercise tolerance in patients with COPD; however, improvements in physical activity (PA) are not guaranteed. This study explored the relationship between baseline exercise tolerance and changes in PA after PR.Patient data from prospective clinical trials in the PR settings of Athens and Leuven (2008-2016) were (...) analyzed. Validated PA monitors were worn for 1 week before and after a 12-week program. The proportion of patients who improved PA levels ≥1,000 steps/day ("PA responders") after PR was compared between those with initial 6-minute walk distance [6MWDi] <350 m and ≥350 m. Baseline predictors of PA change were evaluated via univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.Two hundred thirty-six patients with COPD (median [IQR] FEV1 44 [33-59] % predicted, age 65±8 years, 6MWDi 416 [332-486] m

2018 International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

170. The Epigenetics of Exercise and Physical Activity in COPD

Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study seeks to examine genome-wide DNA methylation patterns associated with physical activity and exercise capacity from peripheral blood collected from participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) before and after participation in a structured 9-week outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. Condition or disease Copd Detailed Description: Individuals who are referred to pulmonary rehabilitation IN THE COURSE (...) The Epigenetics of Exercise and Physical Activity in COPD The Epigenetics of Exercise and Physical Activity in COPD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Epigenetics of Exercise and Physical

2018 Clinical Trials

171. Effectiveness of postoperative home-exercise compared with usual care on kinesiophobia and physical activity in spondylolisthesis: A randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of postoperative home-exercise compared with usual care on kinesiophobia and physical activity in spondylolisthesis: A randomized controlled trial. To study the effectiveness of a 12-month exercise therapy on kinesiophobia and physical activity in patients with spondylolisthesis after lumbar spine fusion.Randomized controlled trial.Patients (n = 98) with spondylolisthesis who had undergone lumbar spine fusion.All patients (mean age 59 years) had received lumbar spine fusion (...) surgery and identical postoperative instructions. Three months postoperatively, they were randomized into an exercise group (n = 48) or usual care group (n = 50). The exercise group received 12-month progressive home-based training with regular booster sessions, and the usual care group a single session of physiotherapy instruction. Kinesiophobia was assessed with the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) and physical activity by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) preoperatively, 3

2018 Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

172. Resistance Exercise and Low-Intensity Physical Activity Breaks in Sedentary Time to Improve Muscle and Cardiometabolic Health

exercise (RE) alone or RE plus low intensity physical activity (LPA) breaks in sedentary time (ST) on skeletal muscle health in older adults? What are the effects of resistance exercise (RE) alone or RE plus low intensity physical activity (LPA) breaks in sedentary time (ST) on skeletal cardiometabolic health in older adults? Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Aging Sarcopenia Disability Physical Cardiovascular Diseases Insulin Resistance Diabetes Mellitus Behavioral: Exercise (...) Intervention Not Applicable Detailed Description: Although awareness of the detrimental impact that sedentary behavior has on skeletal muscle and cardiometabolic health has increased over the last 20 years, more than 60% of older adults remain sedentary for greater than 8 hours per day. Moreover, 80% to 90% of adults 60 years of age or older do not meet the current public health guidelines for aerobic exercise (AE) or resistance exercise (RE) based physical activity (PA). Collectively, these adverse health

2018 Clinical Trials

173. Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Physical activity: a study on the impact of diagnosis on the level of exercise amongst patients with IBD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Physical activity: a study on the impact of diagnosis on the level of exercise amongst patients with IBD. IBD can impair the patients` functional capacity with significant negative effects on their quality of life. Our aim was to determine the impact of IBD diagnosis on fitness levels and to assess the levels of engagement in physical activity and fatigue in IBD patients` pre- and post- diagnosis.A prospective multi-centre cross-sectional study was performed (...) . Patients diagnosed with IBD in the previous 18 months were recruited. Inclusion criteria included clinical remission and/or no treatment changes within the previous 6 months. Physical exercise levels were assessed by the Godin score and fatigue levels was assessed by the Functional assessment of chronic illness therapy (FACIT) score.158 patients (100 CD) were recruited. Mean age was 35.1 years (95% CI ±2.0). Gender distribution was approximately equal (51.3% male). The Mean Harvey Bradshaw and Simple

2018 Journal of Crohn's & colitis

174. Does exercise-therapy improve physical activity levels in people with knee osteoarthritis?

Does exercise-therapy improve physical activity levels in people with knee osteoarthritis? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites (...) or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac ischemia, duration of ischemia and duration

2020 PROSPERO

175. Evidence for the effect of increasing physical activity and exercise on outcomes in renal transplant recipients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials

Evidence for the effect of increasing physical activity and exercise on outcomes in renal transplant recipients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used

2020 PROSPERO

176. Physical activity and exercise in dementia: an umbrella review of intervention and observational studies

Physical activity and exercise in dementia: an umbrella review of intervention and observational studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac ischemia, duration of ischemia and duration

2020 PROSPERO

177. Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for People With Dementia: a Home-based Physical Activity Program

living of older people, however, it has never been implemented in people with dementia. LiFE might be promising as it focuses on establishing new behaviors within selected contexts to stimulate physical activity at home. Therefore, a home-based physical activity program, based on LiFE and involving caregivers, LiFE4D, will be implemented and evaluated in community-dwelling people with dementia. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Dementia Other: Experimental group Not Applicable Study (...) Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for People With Dementia: a Home-based Physical Activity Program Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for People With Dementia: a Home-based Physical Activity Program - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2018 Clinical Trials

178. Physical activity levels determine exercise-induced changes in brain excitability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical activity levels determine exercise-induced changes in brain excitability. Emerging evidence suggests that regular physical activity can impact cortical function and facilitate plasticity. In the present study, we examined how physical activity levels influence corticospinal excitability and intracortical circuitry in motor cortex following a single session of moderate intensity aerobic exercise. We aimed to determine whether exercise-induced short-term plasticity differed between high (...) indicate that MEPREST recruitment curve amplitudes and area under the recruitment curve (AURC) were increased following exercise in the HIGH group only (p = 0.002 and p = 0.044, respectively). SICI and ICF were reduced following exercise irrespective of physical activity level (p = 0.007 and p = 0.04, respectively). MEPACTIVE recruitment curves and SICF were unaltered by exercise. These findings indicate that the propensity for exercise-induced plasticity is different in high versus low physically

2017 PLoS ONE

179. Level and correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes: A cross-sectional analysis of the Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Level and correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes: A cross-sectional analysis of the Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2. Patients with type 2 diabetes usually show reduced physical activity (PA) and increased sedentary (SED)-time, though to a varying extent, especially for low-intensity PA (LPA), a major determinant of daily energy expenditure that is not accurately captured by questionnaires. This study assessed the level and correlates of PA (...) and SED-time in patients from the Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2 (IDES_2).Three-hundred physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in the IDES_2 to be randomized to an intervention group, receiving theoretical and practical exercise counseling, and a control group, receiving standard care. At baseline, LPA, moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA), and SED-time were measured by accelerometer. Physical fitness and cardiovascular risk factors and scores were

2017 PLoS ONE Controlled trial quality: uncertain

180. Physical activity behaviour and acute exercise as moderators on adult antibody response to influenza vaccination: systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis

Physical activity behaviour and acute exercise as moderators on adult antibody response to influenza vaccination: systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used

2020 PROSPERO

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