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Exercise in the Elderly

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161. The effects of strength exercise on hippocampus volume and functional fitness of elderly women. (PubMed)

The effects of strength exercise on hippocampus volume and functional fitness of elderly women. Various positive effects of exercise on older women have been identified in many studies. Despite the importance of preserving the health of brain as well as body, few studies have investigated the effects of strength exercise on the brain health of older women to date. This study aimed to identify the effects of 24weeks of the Growing Stronger program on hippocampus volume and functional fitness (...) of older women.Twenty one older women aged 67 to 81 participated in this study. Growing Stronger, which is a strength exercise program that is safe and effective for women and men of all ages, was conducted. The 11 strength exercise group (n=11) participated for 50-80min a day three times per week for a total of 24weeks. The control group maintained their lifestyles without any special intervention. Participants were given a pre-test (before applying for the program) and post-test (after 24weeks

2017 Experimental Gerontology

162. Protein Supplementation Augments Muscle Fiber Hypertrophy but Does Not Modulate Satellite Cell Content During Prolonged Resistance-Type Exercise Training in Frail Elderly. (PubMed)

Protein Supplementation Augments Muscle Fiber Hypertrophy but Does Not Modulate Satellite Cell Content During Prolonged Resistance-Type Exercise Training in Frail Elderly. Protein supplementation increases gains in lean body mass following prolonged resistance-type exercise training in frail older adults. We assessed whether the greater increase in lean body mass can be attributed to muscle fiber type specific hypertrophy with concomitant changes in satellite cell (SC) content.A total of 34 (...) frail elderly individuals (77 ± 1 years, n = 12 male adults) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 2 arms in parallel.Participants performed 24 weeks of progressive resistance-type exercise training (2 sessions per week) during which they were supplemented twice-daily with milk protein (2 × 15 g) or a placebo.Muscle biopsies were taken at baseline, and after 12 and 24 weeks of intervention, to determine type I and type II muscle fiber specific cross-sectional

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2017 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association Controlled trial quality: predicted high

163. Education and exercise program improves osteoporosis knowledge and changes calcium and vitamin D dietary intake in community dwelling elderly. (PubMed)

Education and exercise program improves osteoporosis knowledge and changes calcium and vitamin D dietary intake in community dwelling elderly. Several educational intervention programs have been designed and developed to improve osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment. However, most of the prior studies focused on how educational intervention programs affected diagnosis and treatment of condition of osteoporosis. The purpose of this prospective and educational intervention study was to evaluate (...) the changes in osteoporosis knowledge, osteoporosis self-efficacy, fall self-efficacy, physical exercise and changes in dietary pattern of calcium and vitamin D intake after osteoporosis education.From November 1, 2015 to August 31, 2016, 271 eligible candidates (who were over 50 years old and from 23 different community centers) were recruited through an announcement made by the public office, by two health care providers. The intervention involved an individualized education program to allow

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2017 BMC Public Health

164. Effects of aquarobic exercise and burdock intake on serum blood lipids and vascular elasticity in Korean elderly women. (PubMed)

Effects of aquarobic exercise and burdock intake on serum blood lipids and vascular elasticity in Korean elderly women. The elderly's health issues are often complex and tend to lead to chronic diseases; such issues can be due to a fitness decline resulting from a lack of physical activities. The burdock root is a blood purifier, lymphatic system strengthener, and natural diuretic. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of aquarobic exercise and burdock intake on serum blood (...) lipids and vascular elasticity in elderly women by implementing a 12-week program with these interventions.Forty elderly female volunteer subjects aged 70 to 80years comprised the control group (n=8), aquarobic exercise group (n=11), aquarobic exercise and burdock intake combination group (n=11), and burdock intake group (n=10). The variables of serum blood lipids, and vascular elasticity were measured in all participants before and after the 12-week study.Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG

2017 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

165. Concurrent validation of the OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale of perceived exertion with elastic bands in the elderly. (PubMed)

Concurrent validation of the OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale of perceived exertion with elastic bands in the elderly. To examine the concurrent validity of the OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale of perceived exertion using elastic bands in elder population.Twenty-six participants performed three separate sets of 15 repetitions (low- medium- and high-intensity) for 4 different exercises (2 for the upper-limb and 2 for the lower limb), over two different testing sessions. The criterion variables were (...) heart rate and applied force (average and maximum). In addition to these dependent variables, the active muscle and overall body OMNI-RES for elastic bands scores were collected at the end of each repetition.Significant differences in heart rate, applied force and OMNI-RES scores between the low- and high-intensity sets were observed. For all the four exercises, high intensity sets elicited higher heart rate, applied force, and RPE compared to the medium and the low overloads. Intraclass correlation

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2017 Experimental Gerontology

166. Developing a multidisciplinary rehabilitation package following hip fracture and testing in a randomised feasibility study: Fracture in the Elderly Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation (FEMuR)

Developing a multidisciplinary rehabilitation package following hip fracture and testing in a randomised feasibility study: Fracture in the Elderly Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation (FEMuR) Developing a multidisciplinary rehabilitation package following hip fracture and testing in a randomised feasibility study: Fracture in the Elderly Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation (FEMuR) Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page (...) Trials Unit, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK 4 School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, UK 5 School of Sports, Health and Exercise Science, Bangor University, Bangor, UK 6 School of Health and Social Care Research, King’s College London, London, UK 7 School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK * Corresponding author Email: {{metadata.Journal}} Volume: {{metadata.Volume}}, Issue: {{metadata.Issue}}, Published in {{metadata.PublicationDate | date:'MMMM yyyy'}} Citation

2017 NIHR HTA programme

167. Elderly

recommendation The right choice of intensity and quantity of balance training is essential for optimal (...) effect. Training sessions should therefore be scheduled for at least twice a week for several months, and should always be supplemented with daily home exercises and a progressive activity programme. Consider offering balance training to elderly people who are living in institutional care and are at risk of falling. Weak recommendation In order to obtain a real strength increase in the practitioner (...) , strength training should be performed with a relatively high loading level (8-12 RM). In order 2018 5. Falls in the elderly : proven benefits of exercise Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Falls in the elderly : proven benefits of exercise'', 1 October 2016 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Falls in the elderly : proven benefits of exercise Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

168. A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. Modifiable vascular and lifestyle-related risk factors have been associated with dementia risk in observational studies. In the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER), a proof-of-concept randomised controlled trial, we aimed (...) to assess a multidomain approach to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people from the general population.In a double-blind randomised controlled trial we enrolled individuals aged 60-77 years recruited from previous national surveys. Inclusion criteria were CAIDE (Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia) Dementia Risk Score of at least 6 points and cognition at mean level or slightly lower than expected for age. We randomly assigned participants in a 1:1 ratio to a 2 year multidomain

2015 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

169. Exercise in the Elderly

Exercise in the Elderly Exercise in the Elderly Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Exercise in the Elderly Exercise (...) in the Elderly Aka: Exercise in the Elderly , Active Older Adult , Activity in the Elderly II. Epidemiology More than a third over age 65 years old in U.S. with no leisure-time III. Efficacy Sedentary of Cardiovascular disease: 1.9 Sedentary status is also associated with increased mortality reduces age related morbidity and mortality See for benefit summary (including chronic disease specific benefits) and reduced risk Improved sleep quality Impacts functional independence Fitness Activity reduces mortality

2018 FP Notebook

170. Physical fitness exercise versus cognitive behavior therapy on reducing the depressive symptoms among community-dwelling elderly adults: A randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Physical fitness exercise versus cognitive behavior therapy on reducing the depressive symptoms among community-dwelling elderly adults: A randomized controlled trial Depression is a major health problem for community-dwelling elderly adults. Since limited resources are available to decrease the high prevalence of depressive symptoms among the elderly adults, improved support for them can be provided if we can determine which intervention is superior in ridding depressive symptoms.To compare (...) the effectiveness of the physical fitness exercise program and the cognitive behavior therapy program on primary (depressive symptoms) and secondary outcomes (6-min walk distance, quality of life, and social support) for community-dwelling elderly adults with depressive symptoms.A prospective randomized control trial was conducted in three communities in northern Taiwan.The elderly adults in the three communities were invited to participate by mail, phone calls, and posters. There were a total of 57

2015 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

171. A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. Modifiable vascular and lifestyle-related risk factors have been associated with dementia risk in observational studies. In the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER), a proof-of-concept randomised controlled trial, we aimed (...) to assess a multidomain approach to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people from the general population.In a double-blind randomised controlled trial we enrolled individuals aged 60-77 years recruited from previous national surveys. Inclusion criteria were CAIDE (Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia) Dementia Risk Score of at least 6 points and cognition at mean level or slightly lower than expected for age. We randomly assigned participants in a 1:1 ratio to a 2 year multidomain

2015 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

172. Exercise Interventions for Long-Term Care in Newfoundland & Labrador

or delivery of care involving a health technology. Who Should Read This Report? This report provides a synthesis of the relevant research- based evidence on the role of exercise programs in maintaining functionality and encouraging activity in the frail elderly in long-term care facilities in Newfoundland & Labrador. This report is intended to support decision makers in Newfoundland & Labrador’s four Regional Health Authorities, its Department of Health and Community Services, and its Department (...) this Report The following key messages summarize the most relevant evidence synthesis findings in this report and reflect the state of the available research: 1. The research evidence addressing exercise interventions for residents of long-term care facilities is limited in both quantity and quality. The only bodies of evidence strong enough to draw conclusions pertain to non-frail elderly. Unfortunately, findings for the physically frail elderly are not strong enough to support reliable conclusions. 2

2018 Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information

173. Associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with metabolic syndrome and its components in elderly men and women: the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study. (PubMed)

Associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with metabolic syndrome and its components in elderly men and women: the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study. Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between vitamin D, MetS, and its components in Korean elderly men and women.A total of 987 men and 1949 women (...) aged ≥65 years were recruited through Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were categorized into 4 quartiles and all data were analyzed separately by sex. MetS was defined by the revised criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III.The participants in the lowest quartile of serum 25(OH)D showed a significant increase in the prevalence of high waist circumference, elevated triglyceride level, and low high-density

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2019 BMC Geriatrics

174. Optimal Exercise Programs for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Optimal Exercise Programs for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Optimal Exercise Programs for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 (...) of individuals with PAD. , The evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise therapy for patients with PAD dates back to 1966 when 6 months of unsupervised intermittent walking exercise was demonstrated to improve time walked to onset of pain and peak walking time (PWT). Over the 50 years since that first report, numerous randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses have added to the body of evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise to improve functioning and quality of life in patients with PAD. Summary

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2019 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

175. Low-frequency group exercise improved the motor functions of community-dwelling elderly people in a rural area when combined with home exercise with self-monitoring (PubMed)

Low-frequency group exercise improved the motor functions of community-dwelling elderly people in a rural area when combined with home exercise with self-monitoring [Purpose] This study examined whether low-frequency group exercise improved the motor functions of community-dwelling elderly people in a rural area when combined with home exercise with self-monitoring. [Subjects] The subjects were community-dwelling elderly people in a rural area of Japan. [Methods] One group (n = 50) performed (...) group exercise for community-dwelling elderly people in a rural area.

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2016 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

176. Association Between 6-Minute Walk Test Distance and Objective Variables of Functional Capacity After Exercise Training in Elderly Heart Failure Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Exercise Trial. (PubMed)

Association Between 6-Minute Walk Test Distance and Objective Variables of Functional Capacity After Exercise Training in Elderly Heart Failure Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Exercise Trial. To evaluate the change in the 6-minute walk test (6-MWT) distance relative to changes in key functional capacity measures after 16 weeks of exercise training in older patients (≥65y) who have heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Prospective, randomized, single (...) exercise measure) was also not significantly correlated in the AC group (r=.08, P=.74) or in the ET group (r=.16, P=.50).The results of this study challenge the validity of using the 6-MWT as a serial measure of exercise tolerance in elderly HFpEF patients and suggest that submaximal and peak exercise should be determined objectively by VT and V˙o2peak in this patient population.Copyright © 2016 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2016 Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

177. Age Is Just a Number: Combating Muscle Loss in The Elderly

Age Is Just a Number: Combating Muscle Loss in The Elderly Age Is Just a Number: Combating Muscle Loss in The Elderly – Clinical Correlations Search Age Is Just a Number: Combating Muscle Loss in The Elderly December 14, 2017 5 min read By Carl Preiksaitis Peer Reviewed The term “sarcopenia” was introduced in 1989 to characterize the loss of muscle mass that occurs as a consequence of advancing age.1 Use of the term has since grown to .[1] The prevalence of sarcopenia is estimated (...) muscle mass as two standard deviations below the young adult mean for either gender (7.26 kg/m2 for men and 5.45 kg/m2 for women).[1] The combination of decreased muscle mass and decreased grip strength or gait speed makes the diagnosis of sarcopenia. Once the diagnosis is made, several potential treatment options have been suggested to restore functional status and offset further decline. The most promising of these include exercise, diet, and supplementation. With respect to exercise, the best

2017 Clinical Correlations

178. The effects of isometric trunk exercises and dynamic trunk exercises on gait in elderly people. (PubMed)

The effects of isometric trunk exercises and dynamic trunk exercises on gait in elderly people. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of dynamic trunk exercises and isometric trunk exercises on gait in elderly people. [Subjects] This study randomly allocated 20 elderly people to an isometric trunk exercise group (n=10) and a dynamic trunk exercise group (n=10). The exercises were performed for 30 minutes three times a week for 12 weeks. Gait speed, stride length, cadence (...) a significant difference in gait velocity. [Conclusion] The results of this study suggest that isometric trunk exercises and dynamic trunk exercises have a positive effect on gait function in elderly people. In particular, isometric trunk exercises are recommended to promote gait velocity.

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2015 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

179. Effects of Exergame, Conventional Exercise, and Mixed Exercise On Proprioception, Balance, & Mobility on Males Elderly

Effects of Exergame, Conventional Exercise, and Mixed Exercise On Proprioception, Balance, & Mobility on Males Elderly Effects of Exergame, Conventional Exercise, and Mixed Exercise On Proprioception, Balance, & Mobility on Males Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effects of Exergame, Conventional Exercise, and Mixed Exercise On Proprioception, Balance, & Mobility on Males Elderly (FITT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02778841 Recruitment Status : Completed

2015 Clinical Trials

180. Impact of Moderate Aerobic Training on Physical Capacities of Hypertensive Obese Elderly. (PubMed)

Impact of Moderate Aerobic Training on Physical Capacities of Hypertensive Obese Elderly. The association of old age and chronic conditions, such as hypertension and obesity, can lead to larger decreases in the physical capacities of elderly, compared with their healthy counterparts. Physical exercise has been demonstrated to be efficient in postponing this phenomenon, mainly strength training. However, little is known about the effect of aerobic training on this condition. The aim of this work (...) was to investigate the impact of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic training on the physical capacities of hypertensive obese older women. Aerobic power, lower limb muscle power, upper limb muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility of 19 hypertensive obese elders were evaluated. Afterward, patients were blindly randomized into control group (CG) and exercise group (EG). EG underwent three sessions/week of 60 min of moderate-intensity aerobic training, during 12 weeks. EG showed increases in VO2max compared

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2019 Gerontology & geriatric medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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