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Exercise in the Elderly

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141. Physical activity and loneliness among adults aged 50 years or older in six low- and middle-income countries. (Abstract)

Physical activity and loneliness among adults aged 50 years or older in six low- and middle-income countries. Loneliness is widespread and associated with deleterious outcomes in middle-aged and older age people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Physical activity is one potential psychosocial strategy with the potential to reduce loneliness in this population. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore associations between physical activity (PA) and loneliness in middle-aged (...) and older people from six LMICs.Data from the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) were analyzed. Self-reported data on loneliness and PA (as assessed by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire) were collected. Participants were dichotomized into those who do and do not meet the international recommendation of 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per week. Associations between loneliness and PA were examined using logistic regressions.Among 34 129 individuals aged 50 years or older

2019 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

142. A cross-sectional study on the correlation between physical activity levels and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A cross-sectional study on the correlation between physical activity levels and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. This study aimed to evaluate the association between physical activity level and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle aged and older adults in Egypt. Between May and August 2017, a cross-sectional study of 184 middle-aged and older adults between the ages of 55 and 64 years old (129 males and 55 females (...) ) with a mean age of 58 ± 4.3 years old participated in this study. Study participants were classified into 3 groups based on their level of physical activity (walking duration); low level of physical activity (<150 minutes/week), moderate level of physical activity (150-300 minutes/week), and high level of physical activity (>300 minutes/week). The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was calculated using the Euro-Quality of life-5dimensions-3 levels scale questionnaire (EuroQol-5D-3L). Spearman's

2019 Medicine

143. Physical activity and physical exercise in perinatal depression prevention

Physical activity and physical exercise in perinatal depression prevention Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email (...) will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac ischemia, duration of ischemia and duration of reperfusion (if applicable

2019 PROSPERO

144. Effectiveness of Isolated Hip Exercise, Knee Exercise, or Free Physical Activity for Patellofemoral Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of Isolated Hip Exercise, Knee Exercise, or Free Physical Activity for Patellofemoral Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Exercise for patellofemoral pain (PFP) is traditionally knee focused, targeting quadriceps muscles. In recent years, hip-focused exercise has gained popularity. Patient education is likely an important factor but is underresearched.To compare 3 treatment methods for PFP, each combined with patient education: hip-focused exercise, knee-focused exercise, or free (...) physical activity.Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1.A single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed with 112 patients who were 16 to 40 years old (mean, 27.6 years) and had a symptom duration >3 months (mean, 39 months) with a clinical diagnosis of PFP and no radiograph or magnetic resonance evidence of other pathology. Patients were randomized to a 6-week intervention consisting of patient education combined with isolated hip-focused exercise (n = 39), traditional knee-focused

2019 American Journal of Sports Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

145. Do pedometers with or without education on exercise increase functional walking capacity and physical activity level in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis? (Abstract)

Do pedometers with or without education on exercise increase functional walking capacity and physical activity level in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis? To evaluate the impact of pedometer use on the physical activity (PA) and functional walking capacity (FWC) of adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and lower extremity (LE) involvement. Twenty-seven adolescents, aged 11-19 years with JIA and LE involvement, participated in the three-phase pedometer study

2018 Physiotherapy theory and practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

146. Effect of intradialytic exercise on daily physical activity and sleep quality in maintenance hemodialysis patients. (Abstract)

Effect of intradialytic exercise on daily physical activity and sleep quality in maintenance hemodialysis patients. Physical inactivity and sleep disturbance are frequently observed and relate to poor clinical outcomes in maintenance hemodialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the effect of intradialytic exercise on daily physical activity and sleep quality, measured by an accelerometer, in maintenance hemodialysis patients.This study randomly assigned ambulatory maintenance hemodialysis (...)  = 0.01).Intradialytic exercise appears to be clinically beneficial in improving daily physical activity and sleep quality in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

2018 International urology and nephrology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

147. Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Characteristics of Social Network Support for Exercise Among Latinas. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Characteristics of Social Network Support for Exercise Among Latinas. To examine the association between characteristics of social support for exercise and moderate-to-vigorous leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among Latinas.This cross-sectional study used baseline data from a cluster randomized controlled trial.The study was conducted in 16 churches located in San Diego County.Participants (N = 436) were Latinas between 18 and 65 years old who did (...) not self-report >150 minutes or did not exceed 250 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA per week measured by accelerometer.Latinas listed up to 6 individuals who had provided support for exercise within the past 6 months, including their gender, relationship with the respondent, types of support provided, and respondent's satisfaction with support. Self-reported LTPA was dichotomized (none vs any).We generated dyads between Latinas who named ≥1 supporter (n = 323) and each supporter they named (n = 569

2018 American journal of health promotion : AJHP Controlled trial quality: uncertain

148. Treatment effects on compulsive exercise and physical activity in eating disorders. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment effects on compulsive exercise and physical activity in eating disorders. Dysfunctional thoughts- and use of physical activity (PA) are core symptoms of the eating disorders (ED) bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The compulsive desire for PA complicates a favourable treatment outcome; hence, regular, adapted PA led by personnel with competence in exercise science is rarely part of treatment of BN and BED. The present study compared cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT (...) ) with a new treatment combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (PED-t) with respect to the short- and long-term changes in the level of compulsive exercise and actual level of PA in women with BN or BED.We enrolled 187 women with BN or BED, aged 18-40 years, with BMI 17.5-35, in an outpatient randomised controlled therapy trial. Participants were randomised to PED-t or CBT, while waitlist participants served as a control group during the treatment period. The treatment covered 16 weeks, with 6

2018 Journal of eating disorders Controlled trial quality: uncertain

149. Serum Myostatin Levels Are Higher in Fitter, More Active, and Non-Frail Long-Term Nursing Home Residents and Increase after a Physical Exercise Intervention. (Abstract)

Serum Myostatin Levels Are Higher in Fitter, More Active, and Non-Frail Long-Term Nursing Home Residents and Increase after a Physical Exercise Intervention. Myostatin has been proposed as a candidate biomarker for frailty and sarcopenia. However, the relationship of myostatin with these conditions remains inconclusive.To determine the association of serum myostatin concentration with body composition, physical fitness, physical activity level, and frailty in long-term nursing home residents (...) . We also aimed to ascertain the effect of an exercise program on myostatin levels.We obtained study data on 112 participants from long-term nursing homes. Participants were randomly assigned to a control or an intervention group and performed a 6-month multicomponent exercise program. Serum myostatin levels were analyzed by ELISA. Assessments also included body composition (anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance), physical fitness (Senior Fitness Test), physical activity level (accelerometry

2018 Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

150. Effectiveness of a combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on physical activity compared with standard medical care in moderate COPD: a randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale.Ten-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme compared with standard medical care.At baseline and after 10 weeks, daily PA was evaluated by accelerometry using three levels of intensity and expressed as metabolic equivalent of task. In addition, daily activities (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly), functional exercise capacity (6-minute Walk Test), health (...) Effectiveness of a combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on physical activity compared with standard medical care in moderate COPD: a randomised controlled trial. To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Randomised controlled trial.Primary care physiotherapy.Consecutive

2018 Physiotherapy Controlled trial quality: predicted high

151. Physical Exercise with Music Maintains Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Dementia: Mihama-Kiho Project Part 21. (Abstract)

Physical Exercise with Music Maintains Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Dementia: Mihama-Kiho Project Part 21. Recent studies suggest that combined non-pharmacological interventions are more beneficial than single interventions for primary and secondary prevention of dementia. We previously reported enhanced effects of physical exercise with music (ExM) on cognitive function in normal elderly people compared to exercise alone.To identify if ExM improves cognitive function (...) and activities of daily livings (ADLs) in dementia patients over cognitive stimulation (CS).We enrolled 85 patients with mild to moderate dementia. Forty-three subjects performed ExM developed by the Yamaha Music Foundation, and 42 subjects performed cognitive stimulation using portable game consoles and drills involving easy calculations, mazes, and mistake-searching in pictures. Interventions were performed once a week for 40 minutes. Before and after the six-month intervention, patients were assessed

2018 Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD Controlled trial quality: uncertain

152. Reprint of: Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise: JACC Health Promotion Series. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reprint of: Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise: JACC Health Promotion Series. Physical inactivity is one of the leading modifiable risk factors for global mortality, with an estimated 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared with those who are physically active. The "behavior" of physical activity (PA) is multifactorial, including social, environmental, psychological, and genetic factors. Abundant scientific evidence has demonstrated that physically active people of all age groups (...) and ethnicities have higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, health, and wellness, and a lower risk for developing several chronic medical illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, compared with those who are physically inactive. Although more intense and longer durations of PA correlate directly with improved outcomes, even small amounts of PA provide protective health benefits. In this state-of-the-art review, the authors focus on "healthy PA" with the emphasis on the pathophysiological effects

2018 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

153. Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise: JACC Health Promotion Series. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise: JACC Health Promotion Series. Physical inactivity is one of the leading modifiable risk factors for global mortality, with an estimated 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared with those who are physically active. The "behavior" of physical activity (PA) is multifactorial, including social, environmental, psychological, and genetic factors. Abundant scientific evidence has demonstrated that physically active people of all age groups and ethnicities (...) have higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, health, and wellness, and a lower risk for developing several chronic medical illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, compared with those who are physically inactive. Although more intense and longer durations of PA correlate directly with improved outcomes, even small amounts of PA provide protective health benefits. In this state-of-the-art review, the authors focus on "healthy PA" with the emphasis on the pathophysiological effects

2018 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

154. The Effects of Neuromuscular Exercises Training on Physical Activity, Functionality and Balance in Knee Osteoarthritis

Posted : March 19, 2018 Last Update Posted : March 21, 2018 Sponsor: Inonu University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Burcu Talu, Inonu University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study was planned to evaluate the effect of neuromuscular exercise program on physical activity, functionality and balance in patients with knee osteoarthritis aged 35-65 years. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Exercise Osteoarthritis Behavioral: Neuromuscular Exercises (...) The Effects of Neuromuscular Exercises Training on Physical Activity, Functionality and Balance in Knee Osteoarthritis The Effects of Neuromuscular Exercises Training on Physical Activity, Functionality and Balance in Knee Osteoarthritis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum

2018 Clinical Trials

155. Maximal Exercise Capacity, Physical Activity and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Peripheral Artery Disease

and respiratory muscle strength, respiratory muscle endurance, depression, quality of life, intermittent claudication and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with PAD. Condition or disease Peripheral Arterial Disease Detailed Description: Peripheral artery disease is characterized by reduced exercise capacity, physical activity level and intermittent claudication. The number of studies investigating maximal and submaximal exercise capacity and physical activity level in PAD is limited. There is also (...) Maximal Exercise Capacity, Physical Activity and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Peripheral Artery Disease Maximal Exercise Capacity, Physical Activity and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Peripheral Artery Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2018 Clinical Trials

156. Nutrition and Exercise Trial: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Patterns in Overweight Cancer Survivors

Research (DGA/AICR) but one group will also receive 18 ounces of lean beef for incorporation into a healthy diet. Subjects will be encouraged to exercise regularly and activity will be monitored throughout the study. Nutrition and exercise may help cancer survivors successfully maintain improved dietary patterns, body composition, and physical activity efforts and consumption of beef may favorably impact lean body mass and specific nutritional outcomes. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase (...) Nutrition and Exercise Trial: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Patterns in Overweight Cancer Survivors Nutrition and Exercise Trial: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Patterns in Overweight Cancer Survivors - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2018 Clinical Trials

157. Cultural Influences on Physical Activity and Exercise Beliefs in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

interpreters present for all discussions, undertaken in the community. The work from this pilot study will be used to inform and design a larger multi-centre study with an aim to design physical interventions that are culturally sensitive, and appropriate for all patients with CKD in the United Kingdom. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Chronic Kidney Diseases Physical Activity Exercise Therapy Other: interviews Detailed Description: Background: This present study will utilise Stokol's Social (...) physical activity and exercise therapy in different ethnic groups. The investigators will ensure that views are captured from patients stratified by activity, readiness to be active, age and gender. To accomplish these goals, the present study will explore: (i) the understanding of the terms 'physical activity' and 'exercise'; (ii) the interpretation of the socio-cultural contexts in which they choose (or not) to be physically active, and; (iii) the participants understanding of physical activity

2018 Clinical Trials

158. Physical activity promotion for patients transitioning to dialysis using the "Exercise is Medicine" framework: a multi-center randomized pragmatic trial (EIM-CKD trial) protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical activity promotion for patients transitioning to dialysis using the "Exercise is Medicine" framework: a multi-center randomized pragmatic trial (EIM-CKD trial) protocol. Patients on dialysis are physically inactive, with most reporting activity levels below the fifth percentile of healthy age-matched groups. Several small studies have reported efficacy of diverse exercise interventions among persons with CKD and those on dialysis. However, no single intervention has been widely adopted (...) /1.73m2), we will randomize 96 patients from two regions-Atlanta and Bay Area-in two intervention arms with incremental levels of clinical-community integration: physical activity assessment during Nephrology clinical visit, brief counseling at pre-dialysis education, and physical activity wearable (group 1) versus group 1 intervention components plus a referral to a free, EIM practitioner-led group exercise program over 16 weeks (group 2; 8 week core intervention; 8-week follow up). We will assess

2018 BMC Nephrology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

159. Intrinsic Motivation Mediates the Association Between Exercise-Associated Affect and Physical Activity Among Adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intrinsic Motivation Mediates the Association Between Exercise-Associated Affect and Physical Activity Among Adolescents American adolescents overwhelmingly engage in insufficient physical activity (PA). Attention has turned to the role of affect in shaping PA, raising questions as to whether the impact of affect on PA is direct/automatic or cognitively mediated ("Type 1" or "Type 2" in the dual-process model). This study examines whether intrinsic motivation (IM) mediates the association (...) between affect and PA. Adolescents (N = 142, 48% Male, 20% non-Latino White, mean age = 11.04 years, mean VO2 = 37.19 ml/kg/min, mean BMI = 63.19) completed assessments of cardiorespiratory fitness, affective response to exercise on a stationary cycle, IM, preferred exercise intensity, and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA; ActiGraph). Fitness, exercise intensity and MVPA assessments were repeated 5 months later. Tests for mediation showed that affect predicted PA at baseline and 5 months, and IM mediated

2018 Frontiers in psychology

160. Pilot and feasibility studies in exercise, physical activity, or rehabilitation research Full Text available with Trip Pro

levels. At each level, we present guidance for researchers on the design considerations for pilot or feasibility studies of physical activity interventions. When it comes to defining study population, physical activity trials often exclude participants with certain health conditions or other characteristics (e.g., age, gender) because of uncertainty of the safety of the exercise intervention or presumed differences in responsiveness, at the expense of trial generalizability. A pilot trial could help (...) Pilot and feasibility studies in exercise, physical activity, or rehabilitation research Clinical trials of physical activity and rehabilitation interventions can be challenging. Pilot or feasibility studies can be conducted prior to a definitive randomized controlled trial (RCT), to improve the chances of conducting a high-quality RCT of a physical activity intervention.Physical activity interventions or trials present unique challenges at the population, intervention, comparator and outcome

2018 Pilot and feasibility studies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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