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Exercise in the Elderly

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121. Erratum to: Physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists and its correlation with age and exercise engagement: a pilot study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Erratum to: Physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists and its correlation with age and exercise engagement: a pilot study [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40945-016-0016-2.].

2016 Archives of physiotherapy

122. Physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists and its correlation with age and exercise engagement: a pilot study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists and its correlation with age and exercise engagement: a pilot study The physical job demands of physiotherapists require optimal level of physical fitness (PF), which is often not evaluated in practice. In this study, we assessed selected components of physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists in relation to their sex, age and frequency of exercise participation.Physiotherapists practicing in four major hospitals within the Accra Metropolis (...) of Ghana were enrolled into this cross-sectional survey. Three major components of physical fitness (flexibility, cardiorespiratory endurance and body composition) were assessed with sit and reach test, 3-min step test and BMI respectively. Unpaired sample t-test was used to determine differences in means of the three components of physical fitness betwwen males and females. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that frequency of exercise engagement and age of the participants correlated

2016 Archives of physiotherapy

123. The role of glycation in the pathogenesis of aging and its prevention through herbal products and physical exercise Full Text available with Trip Pro

addressing means to attenuate glycation stress through AGE inhibitors or physical exercise are reviewed.AGEs form in hyperglycemic conditions and/or the natural process of aging. Numerous publications have demonstrated acceleration of the aging process by AGEs. Exogenous AGEs in dietary foods also trigger organ dysfunction and tissue aging. Various herbal supplements or regular physical exercise have beneficial effects on glycemic control and oxidative stress with a consequent reduction of AGE (...) The role of glycation in the pathogenesis of aging and its prevention through herbal products and physical exercise Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are non-enzymatic modifications of proteins or lipids after exposure to sugars. In this review, the glycation process and AGEs are introduced, and the harmful effects of AGEs in the aging process are discussed.Results from human and animal studies examining the mechanisms and effects of AGEs are considered. In addition, publications

2017 Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry

124. Skeletal muscle aging: influence of oxidative stress and physical exercise Full Text available with Trip Pro

Skeletal muscle aging: influence of oxidative stress and physical exercise Skeletal muscle abnormalities are responsible for significant disability in the elderly. Sarcopenia is the main alteration occurring during senescence and a key public health issue as it predicts frailty, poor quality of life, and mortality. Several factors such as reduced physical activity, hormonal changes, insulin resistance, genetic susceptibility, appetite loss, and nutritional deficiencies are involved (...) in the physiopathology of muscle changes. Sarcopenia is characterized by structural, biochemical, molecular and functional muscle changes. An imbalance between anabolic and catabolic intracellular signaling pathways and an increase in oxidative stress both play important roles in muscle abnormalities. Currently, despite the discovery of new targets and development of new drugs, nonpharmacological therapies such as physical exercise and nutritional support are considered the basis for prevention and treatment of age

2017 Oncotarget

125. Aerobic Exercise Intervention, Cognitive Performance, and Brain Structure: Results from the Physical Influences on Brain in Aging (PHIBRA) Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aerobic Exercise Intervention, Cognitive Performance, and Brain Structure: Results from the Physical Influences on Brain in Aging (PHIBRA) Study. Studies have shown that aerobic exercise has the potential to improve cognition and reduce brain atrophy in older adults. However, the literature is equivocal with regards to the specificity or generality of these effects. To this end, we report results on cognitive function and brain structure from a 6-month training intervention with 60 sedentary (...) adults (64-78 years) randomized to either aerobic training or stretching and toning control training. Cognitive functions were assessed with a neuropsychological test battery in which cognitive constructs were measured using several different tests. Freesurfer was used to estimate cortical thickness in frontal regions and hippocampus volume. Results showed that aerobic exercisers, compared to controls, exhibited a broad, rather than specific, improvement in cognition as indexed by a higher "Cognitive

2017 Frontiers in aging neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

126. Effects of Nutritional Supplementation with Milk Fat Globule Membrane on Physical and Muscle Function in Healthy Adults Aged 60 and Over with Semiweekly Light Exercise: A Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Nutritional Supplementation with Milk Fat Globule Membrane on Physical and Muscle Function in Healthy Adults Aged 60 and Over with Semiweekly Light Exercise: A Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Trial. This study aimed to demonstrate the beneficial effects of nutritional supplementation with dietary milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) on physical performance and skeletal muscle function in healthy adults aged 60 and over with semiweekly light exercise. The study (...) was designed as a randomized double-blind controlled trial. Twenty-two Japanese participants (10 men, 12 women) aged 60-73 y were assigned to one of two groups (11 [5 men, 6 women] in each). One group received MFGM tablets (1 g MFGM/d), and the other received placebo tablets daily for 10 wk. Both groups participated in a twice-weekly light exercise program. Physical function tests and surface electromyography (EMG) were conducted at the baseline and after 5 and 10 wk. Chair stand time significantly

2017 Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

127. Comparison of the Physical Activity Frequency Questionnaire (PAFQ) with accelerometry in a middle-aged and elderly population: The CoLaus study. (Abstract)

Comparison of the Physical Activity Frequency Questionnaire (PAFQ) with accelerometry in a middle-aged and elderly population: The CoLaus study. The Physical Activity Frequency Questionnaire (PAFQ) has been used in several studies, but its validation dates from 1998. We compared the PAFQ with accelerometry data for measuring levels of physical activity (PA) in a middle-aged and elderly population.Cross-sectional analysis was conducted with a sample of 1752 adults from the general population (...) (50.7% female, age range 45.2-87.1 years) living in Switzerland. Participants completed the PAFQ and wore a wrist-worn accelerometer for 14 consecutive days. Spearman correlation, Lin's concordance coefficient and Bland-Altman plots were performed to compare PAFQ and accelerometry data.Compared with the accelerometer, the PAFQ overestimated total, light, moderate and vigorous activity by a median [interquartile range] of 143 [34.5; 249], 72 [12; 141], 23 [-46; 100] and 13 [-1; 41] minutes/day

2019 Maturitas

128. Preschoolers in the Playground: a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of a physical activity intervention for children aged 18 months to 4 years Full Text available with Trip Pro

Preschoolers in the Playground: a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of a physical activity intervention for children aged 18 months to 4 years Preschoolers in the Playground: a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of a physical activity intervention for children aged 18 months to 4 years Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose (...) , John Wright 1 1 Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford, UK 2 Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK 3 School of Sport Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK 4 School of Medicine and Health, University of Durham, Durham, UK 5 Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK 6 Public Health, City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council, Bradford, UK * Corresponding author Email: {{metadata.Journal}} Volume: {{metadata.Volume

2015 NIHR HTA programme

129. The evaluation and planning method of Spanish sport and physical activity instructors: A comparative study across gender, age, level of studies and work experience. Full Text available with Trip Pro

through standardized interview using the standardized questionnaire: "Human resources of sport and physical activity". It analyses the situation and performance of people working in functions of sport and physical activity. The questionnaire was completed by 600 sport and physical activity instructors from Spain. Key results revealed that 48.0% of them plan their classes and 58.17% assess. The study also found male university graduates between the ages of 60 and 70, with 10 years of experience or more (...) The evaluation and planning method of Spanish sport and physical activity instructors: A comparative study across gender, age, level of studies and work experience. The purpose of this study is to investigate the planning and the evaluation of Spanish sport and physical activity instructors as well as to analyze and compare the two variables in terms of their gender, age, level of studies and work experience. This research falls inside the quantitative type methodology of descriptive cut

2017 PLoS ONE

130. Effect of a combined programme of dietary restriction and physical activity on the physical function and body composition of obese middle-aged and older adults with knee OA (DRPA): protocol for a feasibility study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

on the musculoskeletal function of obese older adults with knee OA in spite of the clinical recommendation for exercise and diet for people with knee OA. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a combined dietary restriction and physical activity intervention programme and collect preliminary data.This single-arm intervention study is scheduled to begin in September 2017 and conclude in November 2018. It will take place at the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital (ROH), Birmingham (...) Effect of a combined programme of dietary restriction and physical activity on the physical function and body composition of obese middle-aged and older adults with knee OA (DRPA): protocol for a feasibility study. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic illness among older adults. Up to the submission date of this protocol, there are no published UK studies reporting the efficacy of a combined intervention programme of physical activity and dietary restriction

2018 BMJ open

131. Physical activity and loneliness among adults aged 50 years or older in six low- and middle-income countries. (Abstract)

Physical activity and loneliness among adults aged 50 years or older in six low- and middle-income countries. Loneliness is widespread and associated with deleterious outcomes in middle-aged and older age people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Physical activity is one potential psychosocial strategy with the potential to reduce loneliness in this population. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore associations between physical activity (PA) and loneliness in middle-aged (...) and older people from six LMICs.Data from the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) were analyzed. Self-reported data on loneliness and PA (as assessed by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire) were collected. Participants were dichotomized into those who do and do not meet the international recommendation of 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per week. Associations between loneliness and PA were examined using logistic regressions.Among 34 129 individuals aged 50 years or older

2019 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

132. A cross-sectional study on the correlation between physical activity levels and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A cross-sectional study on the correlation between physical activity levels and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. This study aimed to evaluate the association between physical activity level and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle aged and older adults in Egypt. Between May and August 2017, a cross-sectional study of 184 middle-aged and older adults between the ages of 55 and 64 years old (129 males and 55 females (...) ) with a mean age of 58 ± 4.3 years old participated in this study. Study participants were classified into 3 groups based on their level of physical activity (walking duration); low level of physical activity (<150 minutes/week), moderate level of physical activity (150-300 minutes/week), and high level of physical activity (>300 minutes/week). The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was calculated using the Euro-Quality of life-5dimensions-3 levels scale questionnaire (EuroQol-5D-3L). Spearman's

2019 Medicine

133. Sex Differences in the Associations between L-Arginine Pathway Metabolites, Skeletal Muscle Mass and Function, and their Responses to Resistance Exercise, in Old Age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sex Differences in the Associations between L-Arginine Pathway Metabolites, Skeletal Muscle Mass and Function, and their Responses to Resistance Exercise, in Old Age. The current study was designed to explore the associations between L-arginine metabolites and muscle mass and function in old age, which are largely unknown.The study used a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled design.The study was carried out in a laboratory setting.50 healthy older adults [median age 70 years (IQR 67-73 (...) older adults. These metabolites might enhance sarcopenia risk stratification, and the success of exercise programs, in old age.

2018 The journal of nutrition, health & aging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

134. Efficacy of the Otago Exercise Programme to reduce falls in community-dwelling adults aged 65-80 years old when delivered as group or individual training. (Abstract)

Efficacy of the Otago Exercise Programme to reduce falls in community-dwelling adults aged 65-80 years old when delivered as group or individual training. This study will compare how falls can be reduced in non-institutionalized older Spanish adults aged 65-80 years by providing group or individual exercise sessions using the Otago Exercise Programme.The Otago Exercise Programme is a progressive home-based exercise programme, where trained health professionals help people engage in strength (...)  years old tend to be more isolated and tackling worries about falls can improve social activities and independence. It has been shown that group training provides better adherence to exercise than individual training and this study will test that hypothesis for the Otago Exercise Programme.© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2018 Journal of advanced nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

135. Comparison of Heart Rate Blood Pressure Product Versus Age-Predicted Maximum Heart Rate as Predictors of Cardiovascular Events During Exercise Stress Echocardiography (Abstract)

Comparison of Heart Rate Blood Pressure Product Versus Age-Predicted Maximum Heart Rate as Predictors of Cardiovascular Events During Exercise Stress Echocardiography Exercise stress echocardiograms (ESEs) are a functional cardiovascular (CV) test typically used for the investigation of coronary artery disease. ESEs are often terminated at a predetermined age-predicted maximum heart rate (APMHR) to facilitate timely acquisition of ultrasound images at peak exercise. Although an APMHR of 85

2019 EvidenceUpdates

136. Comparison between multicomponent and simultaneous dual-task exercise interventions in long-term nursing home residents: the Ageing-ONDUAL-TASK randomized controlled study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison between multicomponent and simultaneous dual-task exercise interventions in long-term nursing home residents: the Ageing-ONDUAL-TASK randomized controlled study the potential benefits of dual-task interventions on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNHs) from a multidimensional perspective are unknown. We sought to determine whether the addition of simultaneous cognitive training to a multicomponent exercise program offers further benefits to dual-task, physical (...) tasks as in the multicomponent group. Gait speed under single- and dual-task conditions, physical and cognitive performance, psycho-affective status, quality of life and frailty were measured at baseline and after 3 months of intervention.both groups showed clinically significant improvements on gait performance under single- and dual-task conditions and on the short physical performance battery (P < 0.05). Both interventions were effective in maintaining cognitive function (P > 0.05). Only

2019 EvidenceUpdates

137. Gender and age differences in the association between living arrangement and physical activity levels among youth aged 9-19 years in Shanghai, China: a cross-sectional questionnaire study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gender and age differences in the association between living arrangement and physical activity levels among youth aged 9-19 years in Shanghai, China: a cross-sectional questionnaire study. We examined the correlations between living arrangement and the physical activity (PA) levels of youth aged 9-19 years while accounting for demographic factors such as age, sex, and socioeconomic status in Shanghai, China.Cross-sectional analyses of data from the 2014 Physical Activity and Fitness in Shanghai (...) China-The Youth Study was conducted. Participants were 33,213 primary (9-11-year-olds; n = 13,237), junior middle (12-14-year-olds; n = 11,157), and junior high school students (15-19-year-olds; n = 8819). Youth (boys = 49%) and their guardians were randomly sampled from 17 districts in Shanghai, China. Youths' moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) levels, information about living arrangement, and guardians' sociodemographic factors were collected via questionnaires.Only 17.8% of school-aged youths

2019 BMC Public Health

138. Association of physical activity and fitness with S-Klotho plasma levels in middle-aged sedentary adults: The FIT-AGEING study. (Abstract)

Association of physical activity and fitness with S-Klotho plasma levels in middle-aged sedentary adults: The FIT-AGEING study. To determine the association between physical activity and physical fitness levels (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength) and the shed form of the α-Klotho gene (S-Klotho plasma levels) in middle-aged sedentary adults.A total of 74 middle-aged sedentary adults (52.7% women; 53.7 ± 5.1 years old) were enrolled in the FIT-AGEING study. Physical activity (...) of the cumulative variance in S-Klotho plasma level explained was 28.9%s; this reached 33.0% of cumulative variance when sex was included in the model.In summary, our results indicate that physical activity and physical fitness levels are associated with S-Klotho plasma levels in middle-aged sedentary adults. Therefore, the S-Klotho protein could be a key factor in the relationship between physical activity and physical fitness and health improvements during the ageing process.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All

2019 Maturitas

139. Exercise interveNtion outdoor proJect in the cOmmunitY for older people - the ENJOY Senior Exercise Park project translation research protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exercise interveNtion outdoor proJect in the cOmmunitY for older people - the ENJOY Senior Exercise Park project translation research protocol. Creating inclusive and accessible outdoor environments that provide and encourage opportunities for older adults to engage in physical activity and social interaction is important for healthy ageing. The Senior Exercise Park is outdoor exercise equipment designed specifically for use by older people that provides physical and social benefits for older (...) people in the community, and has the potential to be used widely as a sustainable mode of physical activity. The aim of this study is to implement and evaluate the effects of sustained engagement through the use of a community-based novel outdoor physical activity program (purpose-built exercise park) for older people on physical, mental and social health and physical activity outcomes (the ENJOY project).This is a prospective pre-post design study with 12 months follow up. Adults aged ≥60 years

2019 BMC Public Health

140. Virtual Reality-Based Physical Exercise With Exergames (PhysEx) Improves Mental and Physical Health of Institutionalized Older Adults. (Abstract)

of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Deslandes Andrea C AC Neuroscience Laboratory of Exercise (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Institute of Physical Education and Sport, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. eng Letter Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't 2017 02 24 United States J Am Med Dir Assoc 100893243 1525-8610 IM Aged Aged, 80 and over Brazil Exercise Exercise Therapy methods Female Homes for the Aged (...) Virtual Reality-Based Physical Exercise With Exergames (PhysEx) Improves Mental and Physical Health of Institutionalized Older Adults. 28238675 2019 06 27 2019 06 27 1538-9375 18 5 2017 05 01 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association J Am Med Dir Assoc Virtual Reality-Based Physical Exercise With Exergames (PhysEx) Improves Mental and Physical Health of Institutionalized Older Adults. 454.e1-454.e9 S1525-8610(17)30031-2 10.1016/j.jamda.2017.01.001 Monteiro-Junior Renato Sobral RS

2019 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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