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Exercise in the Elderly

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101. [Adaptation to intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia improves cognitive performance and exercise tolerance in elderly]. (PubMed)

[Adaptation to intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia improves cognitive performance and exercise tolerance in elderly]. For improvements in exercise tolerance and cognitive function in geriatric patients Multimodal training programs (MTP) are used as combination of physiotherapy, occupational therapy and cardiovascular training. Intermittent Hypoxic-Hyperoxic Training (IHHT), a modified type of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) is proposed to be included in MTP to elicit more pronounced beneficial (...) , both groups improved the total distance in the 6MWT but with a significantly larger increase in the EG compared to the CG (+24,1 % vs. +10,8 %, p=0,021). In addition, there was a significant relationship between the changes of the 6MWT and the DemTect Scores and the CDT. IHHT contributed significantly to improvements in cognitive performance and exercise capacity in elderly performing MTP. IHHT sessions are considered to be easily applicable to and well tolerated by geriatric patients up to 92

2018 Advances in gerontology = Uspekhi gerontologii Controlled trial quality: uncertain

102. Effects of Pursed-Lip Breathing Exercise Using Windmill Toy on Lung Function and Respiratory Muscle Strength in the Elderly. (PubMed)

Effects of Pursed-Lip Breathing Exercise Using Windmill Toy on Lung Function and Respiratory Muscle Strength in the Elderly. Aging results in decline in lung function and reduction of respiration muscle strength.To investigate whether pursed-lip breathing exercise, using windmill toy, can improve lung function, and respiratory muscle strength in the elderly.Fifty-four older men and women (aged 60 to 75 years) were randomly assigned to three groups, control (CON, n = 18), diaphragmatic breathing (...) -lips breathing exercise using a windmill toy is an effective breathing exercise intervention for improving lung function and respiratory muscle strength in the elderly.

2018 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

103. Effect of a short multicomponent exercise intervention focused on muscle power in frail and pre frail elderly: A pilot trial. (PubMed)

Effect of a short multicomponent exercise intervention focused on muscle power in frail and pre frail elderly: A pilot trial. The aim was to establish whether a short supervised facility-based exercise program improved frailty, physical function and performance in comparison with usual care treatment.This was a quasi-experimental, non-randomized controlled intervention study in frail (2.75 ± 1.25 Frailty Phenotype criteria) older adults (range:77.2-95.8 years). The exercise (EX) group (n = 11 (...) ) performed concurrent training (power training + high-intensity interval training, HIIT) twice weekly for 6 weeks while the control (CT) group (n = 9) followed usual care.The exercise intervention improved frailty status in 64% of the subjects improving Frailty Phenotype by 1.6 points (95%CI 0.8-2.5, p < 0.05), and increasing SPPB score by 3.2 points (95%CI: 2.4-4.0, Cohen's d = 2.0, p < 0.05), muscle power by 47% (95%CI: 7-87%, Cohen's d = 0.5, p < 0.05), muscle strength by 34%(95%CI: 7-60, Cohen's d 

2018 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

104. Genetic predisposition score predicts the increases of knee strength and muscle mass after one-year exercise in healthy elderly. (Full text)

Genetic predisposition score predicts the increases of knee strength and muscle mass after one-year exercise in healthy elderly. This study aims to identify a genetic predisposition score from a set of candidate gene variants that predicts the response to a one-year exercise intervention. 200 participants (aged 60-83 years) were randomly assigned to a fitness (FIT), whole-body vibration (WBV) and control group. Participants in the exercise (FIT and WBV) groups performed a one-year intervention (...) , and exercise-induced relative changes of SMM and PTIM60 by 1.78% and 3.86% respectively. The identified genetic predisposition scores were positively related to baseline knee extension strength and muscle adaptations to exercise in healthy elderly. These findings provide supportive genetic explanations for high and low responders in exercise-induced muscle adaptations.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

105. Effect of the head extension swallowing exercise on suprahyoid muscle activity in elderly individuals. (PubMed)

Effect of the head extension swallowing exercise on suprahyoid muscle activity in elderly individuals. Aging causes motor function deterioration in the elderly population, which in turn can cause weakness in the muscles associated with swallowing. Swallowing-related problems in elderly individuals can be prevented or their symptoms can be improved with strengthening exercises for the muscles involved in swallowing. The existing strengthening exercises for the suprahyoid muscle have (...) their limitations. Therefore, it is necessary to find another exercise that can be performed by individuals whose personal characteristics make it difficult for them to perform the existing exercises. In this study, we investigated the changes in suprahyoid muscle activation, tongue strength, and thickness of the suprahyoid muscle after 8 weeks of the head extension swallowing exercise (HESE). A total of 23 healthy elderly individuals participated in an 8-week exercise program (20 min/session, 2 times/week

2018 Experimental Gerontology

106. Assessment of falls in the elderly

Assessment of falls in the elderly Assessment of falls in the elderly - Differential diagnosis of symptoms | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Assessment of falls in the elderly Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Falls are often multifactorial in origin. Deandrea S. Risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology. 2010 Sep;21(5):658-68. http (...) ://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20585256?tool=bestpractice.com The presence of the following factors is associated with greater probability of future falls, Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR. Falls and their prevention in elderly people: what does the evidence show? Med Clin North Am. 2006 Sep;90(5):807-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16962843?tool=bestpractice.com McInnes L, Gibbons E, Chandler-Oatts J. Clinical practice guideline for the assessment and prevention of falls in older people. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs

2019 BMJ Best Practice

107. Effectiveness of cognitive training associated with the systemized physical exercise on the cognitive performance of elderly persons with Alzheimer&#39 s dementia: a systematic review

Effectiveness of cognitive training associated with the systemized physical exercise on the cognitive performance of elderly persons with Alzheimer' s dementia: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2017 PROSPERO

108. Baduanjin exercises for middle-aged and elderly population with blood lipid levels: protocol for a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Baduanjin exercises for middle-aged and elderly population with blood lipid levels: protocol for a systematic review of randomised controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2017 PROSPERO

109. Assessment of falls in the elderly

Assessment of falls in the elderly Assessment of falls in the elderly - Differential diagnosis of symptoms | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Assessment of falls in the elderly Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Falls are often multifactorial in origin. Deandrea S. Risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology. 2010 Sep;21(5):658-68. http (...) ://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20585256?tool=bestpractice.com The presence of the following factors is associated with greater probability of future falls, Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR. Falls and their prevention in elderly people: what does the evidence show? Med Clin North Am. 2006 Sep;90(5):807-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16962843?tool=bestpractice.com McInnes L, Gibbons E, Chandler-Oatts J. Clinical practice guideline for the assessment and prevention of falls in older people. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs

2018 BMJ Best Practice

110. Sildenafil and Exercise Capacity in the Elderly at Moderate Altitude. (Full text)

Sildenafil and Exercise Capacity in the Elderly at Moderate Altitude. Hypobaric hypoxia decreases exercise capacity and causes hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and pulmonary hypertension. The phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil is a pulmonary vasodilator that may improve exercise capacity at altitude. We aimed to determine whether sildenafil improves exercise capacity, measured as maximal oxygen consumption (peak V̇o2), at moderate altitude in adults 60 years or older.The design (...) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. After baseline cardiopulmonary exercise testing at 1400 m, 12 healthy participants (4 women) aged 60 years or older, who reside permanently at approximately 1400 m and are regularly active in self-propelled mountain recreation above 2000 m, performed maximal cardiopulmonary cycle exercise tests in a hypobaric chamber at a simulated altitude of 2750 m after ingesting sildenafil and after ingesting a placebo.After placebo, mean peak V̇o2

2017 Wilderness & environmental medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

111. Effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on glycosylated haemoglobin among elderly patients with type 2 diabetes & peripheral neuropathy (Full text)

Effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on glycosylated haemoglobin among elderly patients with type 2 diabetes & peripheral neuropathy Aerobic exercise has been known to improve glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of eight week moderate-intensity aerobic (heart rate reserve 40-60%) exercise on glycaemic control in elderly patients with T2DM and diabetic (...) peripheral neuropathy (DPN). The participants (n=87) were randomly assigned to an eight-week programme by a computer-generated random number table to the study or control group, respectively. There were 47 participants in the control group and 40 participants in the study group after randomization. There was a significant difference in the mean values of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at baseline and 8th week between the two groups. Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise of eight weeks duration helped

2017 The Indian journal of medical research

112. Impaired ribosome biogenesis could contribute to anabolic resistance to strength exercise in the elderly (Full text)

Impaired ribosome biogenesis could contribute to anabolic resistance to strength exercise in the elderly 28105708 2018 10 15 2018 11 13 1469-7793 595 5 2017 03 01 The Journal of physiology J. Physiol. (Lond.) Impaired ribosome biogenesis could contribute to anabolic resistance to strength exercise in the elderly. 1447-1448 10.1113/JP273773 Chaillou Thomas T 0000-0002-5322-4150 School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, 701 82, Örebro, Sweden. eng Journal Article Comment 2017 01 19 England J (...) Physiol 0266262 0022-3751 0 Muscle Proteins IM J Physiol. 2016 Dec 15;594(24):7399-7417 27654940 Aged Exercise Humans Hypertrophy Muscle Proteins Muscle Strength Muscle, Skeletal Resistance Training Ribosomes ageing muscle hypertrophy protein synthesis 2017 1 21 6 0 2018 10 16 6 0 2017 1 21 6 0 ppublish 28105708 10.1113/JP273773 PMC5330918 Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Apr 15;310(8):E652-E661 26860985 Andrologia. 2016 Nov;48(9):967-977 26781353 J Physiol. 2016 Dec 15;594(24):7399-7417 27654940

2017 The Journal of physiology

113. The effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly (Full text)

The effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly The study aimed to determine the effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly.One hundred participants were recruited for voluntary participation from five aged care facilities, with inclusion being based on the outcome of a medical assessment by a sports physician. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effect of a 12 week group (...) by exercising 3X/week. This may assist the elderly in preserving their independence.

2017 The Pan African medical journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

114. Effects of exercise therapy during dialysis for elderly patients undergoing maintenance dialysis (Full text)

Effects of exercise therapy during dialysis for elderly patients undergoing maintenance dialysis [Purpose] Exercise therapy during dialysis is currently being recommended since it is easy for patients to follow and results in high participation rates. In this study, this therapy was performed for elderly patients undergoing maintenance dialysis, and its effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] Seven elderly patients (age: 70.6 ± 4.4) with chronic renal failure, who were able to perform (...) exercises during maintenance dialysis, received the exercise therapy 2 or 3 times weekly for 3 months. Lower-limb muscle strength as well as the standardized dialysis dose (Kt/V) was measured before and after intervention. The patients were also evaluated using the 30-sec chair stand test (CS-30), the World Health Organization QOL Assessment 26 (WHO-QOL26), and a questionnaire. [Results] The lower-limb muscle strength and circumference, CS-30 score, and Kt/V values improved after intervention

2017 Journal of physical therapy science

115. Comparison of yoga and walking-exercise on cardiac time intervals as a measure of cardiac function in elderly with increased pulse pressure (Full text)

Comparison of yoga and walking-exercise on cardiac time intervals as a measure of cardiac function in elderly with increased pulse pressure Arterial aging along with increased blood pressure(BP) has become the major cardiovascular(CV) risk in elderly. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of yoga program and walking-exercise on cardiac function in elderly with increased pulse pressure (PP).An open label, parallel-group randomized controlled study design was adopted. Elderly (...) individuals aged ≥60 years with PP≥60mmHg were recruited for the study. Yoga (study) group (n=30) was assigned for yoga training and walking (exercise) group (n=30) for walking with loosening practices for one hour in the morning for 6days in a week for 3 months. The outcome measures were cardiac time intervals derived from pulse wave analysis and ECG: resting heart rate (RHR), diastolic time(DT), ventricular ejection time(LVET), upstroke time(UT), ejection duration index (ED%), pre-ejection period (PEP

2017 Indian heart journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

116. Association between exercise habits and subcortical gray matter volumes in healthy elderly people: A population-based study in Japan (Full text)

Association between exercise habits and subcortical gray matter volumes in healthy elderly people: A population-based study in Japan The relationship between exercise and subcortical gray matter volume is not well understood in the elderly population, although reports indicate that exercise may prevent cortical gray matter atrophy. To elucidate this association in the elderly, we measured subcortical gray matter volume and correlated this with volumes to exercise habits in a community-based (...) association with a decline in the follow-up MMSE score.Subjects with exercise habits show larger subcortical gray matter volumes than subjects without exercise habits in community-dwelling elderly subjects in Japan. Specifically, the volume of the nucleus accumbens correlates with both exercise habits and cognitive preservation.

2017 eNeurologicalSci

117. The effects of horse-riding simulator exercise on balance in elderly with knee osteoarthritis (Full text)

The effects of horse-riding simulator exercise on balance in elderly with knee osteoarthritis [Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse-riding simulator exercise on balance in elderly with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis were recruited, a horse-riding simulator group performed exercise three times a week for eight weeks. And each exercise was performed for 30 minutes. [Results] The horse-riding simulator group (...) showed significant differences after the intervention in Short Form Berg Balance Scale, Functional reaching test. [Conclusion] The results of this study indicate that horse-riding simulator exercise is effective on knee osteoarthritis. Therefore, horse-riding simulator exercise can be used balance training for knee osteoarthritis.

2017 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

118. Influence of a home-based exercise program on the urine pH in elderly female subjects: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (Full text)

Influence of a home-based exercise program on the urine pH in elderly female subjects: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial A low urine pH is a characteristic metabolic feature of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week home-based bench step exercise on the urine pH status of elderly female subjects.The current study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 59 (...) to ameliorate urine acidification.The study was retrospectively registered in the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) as "Effect of step exercise on aerobic fitness and progression of atherosclerosis in the elderly" under the registration number UMIN 000026743 (the date of registration: March 28, 2017).

2017 European Review of Aging and Physical Activity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

119. The effect of horse-riding simulator exercise on the gait, muscle strength and muscle activation in elderly people with knee osteoarthritis (Full text)

The effect of horse-riding simulator exercise on the gait, muscle strength and muscle activation in elderly people with knee osteoarthritis [Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse-riding simulator exercise on gait ability and muscle strength, muscle activation in elderly with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis were recruited, a horse-riding simulator group consisted of fifteen subjects and they performed (...) exercise three times a week for eight weeks. And each exercise was performed, horse riding simulator exercise for 15 minutes and knee strengthening exercise for 15 minutes. Knee strengthening exercise group consisted of fifteen subjects and performed knee strengthening exercise for 30 minutes. [Results] The horse-riding simulator group showed significant differences after the intervention in timed 10-meter walk test (10MWT), muscle strength, muscle activation. [Conclusion] The results of this study

2017 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

120. Feasibility of Conducting a 6-month long Home-based Exercise Program with Protein Supplementation in Elderly Community-dwelling Individuals with Heart Failure (Full text)

Feasibility of Conducting a 6-month long Home-based Exercise Program with Protein Supplementation in Elderly Community-dwelling Individuals with Heart Failure Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased (...) failure treatments and medications.The aim of the present study was to test the feasibility of an at-home exercise and nutrition intervention program in a population of elderly with heart failure, in an effort to determine whether dietary protein supplementation and increased physical activity may slow the progression, or prevent the onset, of cardiac cachexia. Frail elderly patients over the age of 55 with symptoms of heart failure from UAMS were enrolled in one of two groups, intervention or control

2017 Journal of physiotherapy & physical rehabilitation

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