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Exercise in the Elderly

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101. Proposal of an Adapted Physical Activity Exercise Protocol for Women with Osteoporosis-Related Vertebral Fractures: A Pilot Study to Evaluate Feasibility, Safety, and Effectiveness. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Proposal of an Adapted Physical Activity Exercise Protocol for Women with Osteoporosis-Related Vertebral Fractures: A Pilot Study to Evaluate Feasibility, Safety, and Effectiveness. A quasi-experimental pilot study was performed to determine the feasibility and safety of an Adapted Physical Activity (APA) protocol and its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), fear of falling, pain, and physical performance in women with osteoporosis-related vertebral fractures. Forty-four post (...) -menopausal women (mean age: 67.6 ± 4.6) with osteoporotic vertebral fractures were assigned to an exercise group (APA group = 26) who attended a six-month exercise protocol that included postural and muscular reinforcement exercises, and a control group (CG = 18) who was asked to maintain their current lifestyle. At baseline and six months after baseline, HRQOL was measured as primary outcome by the Assessment of Health Related Quality of Life in Osteoporosis (ECOS-16) questionnaire. Secondary outcomes

2019 International journal of environmental research and public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

102. Effects of Exercise Interventions on Habitual Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy. (Abstract)

Effects of Exercise Interventions on Habitual Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy. Exercise interventions have been shown to increase motor capacities in adolescents with cerebral palsy; however, how they affect habitual physical activity (HPA) and sedentary behavior is unclear. The main objective was to correlate changes in HPA with changes in mobility capacity following exercise interventions.A total of 54 participants (aged 12-20 y) with bilateral

2019 Pediatric exercise science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

103. Exercise Videogames, Physical Activity, and Health: Wii Heart Fitness: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (Abstract)

was weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity at end of treatment, assessed at 3 and 6 months post-intervention by using self-report and accelerometer data. Health risk indices (e.g., HbA1c, lipids) were also assessed.Participants (N=283) had an average age of 46.2 ±13.5 years; 79% were female. At end of treatment, those in the exercise videogame arm engaged in 30 minutes/week more moderate to vigorous physical activity compared with standard exercise and 85 more minutes/week than controls (...) Exercise Videogames, Physical Activity, and Health: Wii Heart Fitness: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Adults who engage in regular physical activity have lower rates of morbidity and mortality than those who do not. Exercise videogames may offer an attractive, sustainable alternative or supplement to traditional modes of exercise. This study compared exercise videogames with standard exercise modalities for improving uptake and maintenance of moderate to vigorous physical activity, and health

2019 American journal of preventive medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

104. Diverging effects of premature birth and bronchopulmonary dysplasia on exercise capacity and physical activity - a case control study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

very and extremely preterm with and without BPD and term-born children.Twenty-two school-aged children (aged 8 to 12 years) born with a gestational age < 32 weeks and a birthweight < 1500 g (9 with moderate or severe BPD (=BPD), 13 without BPD (=No-BPD)) and 15 healthy term-born children (=CONTROL) were included in the study. Physical activity was measured by accelerometry, lung function by spirometry and exercise capacity by an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test.Peak oxygen uptake (...) activity (BPD 13 ± 8 min, No-BPD 16 ± 8 min, CONTROL 33 ± 16 min, p < 0.001). Prematurity but not BPD contributed significantly to explained variance in a general linear model of sedentary behaviour and likewise moderate-to-vigorous-physical activity (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001 respectively).In our cohort, BPD but not prematurity was associated with a reduced exercise capacity at school-age. However, prematurity regardless of BPD was related to less engagement in physical activity and more time spent

2019 Respiratory research

105. Fat Soluble Vitamins in Institutionalized Elderly and the Effect of Exercise, Nutrition and Cognitive Training on Their Status-The Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS): A Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fat Soluble Vitamins in Institutionalized Elderly and the Effect of Exercise, Nutrition and Cognitive Training on Their Status-The Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS): A Randomized Controlled Trial. Institutionalized elderly are at higher risk for micronutrient deficiency. In particular, fat soluble micronutrients, which additionally have antioxidative function, are of interest. The purpose of this secondary investigation of the Vienna Active Ageing Study was to assess and evaluate the plasma (...) percentage of elderly below the threshold levels of 50/75 nmol/L (49%/74%).The findings of the study lead to the strong recommendation for regular physical activity and increased consumption of plant-based foods in institutionalized elderly. When supported by blood analysis, supplementing micronutrients in a moderate range should also be considered.

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain

106. Exercise at an onsite facility with or without direct exercise supervision improves health-related physical fitness and exercise participation: An 8-week randomised controlled trial with 15-month follow-up. (Abstract)

health-related physical fitness and exercise participation.Fifty university employees aged (Mean ± SD) 42.5 ± 11.1 years were prescribed a moderate- to vigorous-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise program to be completed at an onsite facility for 8 weeks. Participants were randomly allocated to receive direct exercise supervision or not. Cardiorespiratory fitness (V̇O2max ) and maximal muscular strength were assessed at baseline and 8 weeks. Self-report physical activity was assessed (...) Exercise at an onsite facility with or without direct exercise supervision improves health-related physical fitness and exercise participation: An 8-week randomised controlled trial with 15-month follow-up. Physical activity and exercise participation is limited by a perceived lack of time, poor access to facilities and low motivation. The aim was to assess whether providing an exercise program to be completed at the workplace with or without direct supervision was effective for promoting

2019 Health promotion journal of Australia : official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals Controlled trial quality: uncertain

107. Aerobic exercise training-induced changes in serum C1q/TNF-related protein levels are associated with reduced arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older adults. (Abstract)

Aerobic exercise training-induced changes in serum C1q/TNF-related protein levels are associated with reduced arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older adults. Adiponectin regulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase in endothelial cells, and body fat loss by aerobic exercise training promotes adiponectin secretion. Recently, C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related proteins (CTRPs) have been identified as novel adipokines and are paralogs of adiponectin, but the association between exercise training (...) -induced reduction of arterial stiffness and circulating CTRPs levels remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify whether the reduction of arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older adults is associated with the change in serum levels of CTRPs induced by exercise training. A total of 52 middle-aged and older participants were randomly divided into two groups: a training group ( n = 26) and a sedentary control group ( n = 26). Participants in the training group completed 8 wk of aerobic exercise

2019 American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

108. Combined effects of lactotripeptide and aerobic exercise on cognitive function and cerebral oxygenation in middle-aged and older adults. (Abstract)

with Stroop interference (r = -0.39, P < 0.05) and carotid β-stiffness (r = -0.41, P < 0.05).An 8-wk intake of LTP increased cerebral oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex region in middle-aged and older adults, with and without exercise. The intervention-induced improvements in brain neural activation were associated with cognitive and vascular function. This trial was registered at www.umin.ac.jp as UMIN000022313. (...) Combined effects of lactotripeptide and aerobic exercise on cognitive function and cerebral oxygenation in middle-aged and older adults. Age-related declines in cognitive function and cerebral perfusion increase the risk of dementia. Although nutrition and exercise may be effective in reducing cognitive decline, the effect of lactotripeptide (LTP) on cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics remains unclear.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of LTP ingestion on cerebral

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

109. Screening for impaired vision in community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older in primary care settings

by decreased participation in social, work or leisure activities, as well as difficulties in family relationships; symptoms of depression; injuries from accidents, including falls; or the loss of driving privileges. 6–9 Many people with impaired vision become aware of it and obtain help on their own. Self-reported data on vision care from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey 10 showed that 59% of adults aged 65 years and older had consulted an eye care pro- fessional in the previous year (...) Healthc 2015;8:321]. J Multidiscip Healthc 2015;8:11-20. 20. Dapp U, Anders JA, von Renteln-Kruse W, et al.; PRO-AGE Study Group. A ran- domized trial of effects of health risk appraisal combined with group sessions or home visits on preventive behaviors in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2011;66:591-8. 21. McEwan RT, Davison N, Forster DP, et al. Screening elderly people in primary care: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Gen Pract 1990;40:94-7. 22. Smeeth L, Fletcher AE, Hanciles S, et

2018 CPG Infobase

110. Tiotropium (Spiriva Respimat) add-on maintenance bronchodilator treatment in patients aged 6 years and older with severe asthma

licensed as a maintenance bronchodilator to relieve symptoms of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] on 1 October 2007 2 ). 2.0 DECISION CONTEXT 2.1 Background Asthma is a long-term lung disease affecting people of all ages, in which inflammation and narrowing of the airways leads to breathlessness, chest tightness, coughing and wheezing 3 . Asthma episodes can be triggered by viral respiratory infections, exercise, smoke, cold, and allergens such as pollen, mould, animal fur (...) Tiotropium (Spiriva Respimat) add-on maintenance bronchodilator treatment in patients aged 6 years and older with severe asthma Tiotropium (Spiriva ® Respimat ® ). Reference number 1882. Page 1 of 3 AWMSG Secretariat Assessment Report – Limited submission Tiotropium (Spiriva ® Respimat ® ) 2.5 microgram, inhalation solution Company: Boehringer Ingelheim Ltd Licensed indication under consideration: add-on maintenance bronchodilator treatment in patients aged 6 years to < 18 years with severe

2018 All Wales Medicines Strategy Group

111. A systematic review to identify the active ingredients of training programmes for healthcare professionals to effectively support adults with heart failure to increase their levels of physical activity or exercise.

A systematic review to identify the active ingredients of training programmes for healthcare professionals to effectively support adults with heart failure to increase their levels of physical activity or exercise. Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD (...) , age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac ischemia, duration of ischemia and duration of reperfusion (if applicable). ">Data to be extracted: animal model Example: Dose, timing of administration, frequency of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen

2020 PROSPERO

112. Exercise training increases the S-Klotho plasma levels in sedentary middle-aged adults: A randomised controlled trial. The FIT-AGEING study. (Abstract)

Exercise training increases the S-Klotho plasma levels in sedentary middle-aged adults: A randomised controlled trial. The FIT-AGEING study. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different training modalities on the soluble Klotho (S-Klotho) plasma levels in sedentary middle-aged adults. A total of 74 middle-aged adults (53.4 ± 5.0 years old; 52.7% women) were enrolled in the FIT-AGEING study. We conducted a 12-week randomised controlled trial. The participants were randomly (...) assigned to 4 different groups: (i) a control group (no exercise), (ii) a physical activity recommendation from the World Health Organization group (PAR), (iii) a high intensity interval training group (HIIT), and (iv) a high intensity interval training group adding whole-body electromyostimulation training group (HIIT-EMS). S-Klotho plasma levels, anthropometric measurements, and body composition variables were measured before and after the intervention programme. All exercise training modalities

2019 Journal of sports sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

113. Study protocol of the Intense Physical Activity and Cognition study: The effect of high-intensity exercise training on cognitive function in older adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study protocol of the Intense Physical Activity and Cognition study: The effect of high-intensity exercise training on cognitive function in older adults Inconsistent results from previous studies of exercise and cognitive function suggest that rigorously designed randomized controlled trials are urgently needed. Here, we describe the design of the Intense Physical Activity and Cognition (IPAC) study, which will assess the impact of a 6-month high-intensity exercise intervention on cognitive (...) function and biomarkers of dementia risk, compared with a 6-month moderate-intensity exercise intervention and control group (no study-related exercise).One-hundred and five cognitively healthy men and women aged between 60 and 80 years are randomized into a high-intensity exercise, moderate-intensity exercise, or control group. Individuals randomized to an exercise intervention undertake 6 months of cycle-based exercise twice a week, at 50 minutes per session. All participants undergo comprehensive

2017 Alzheimer's & dementia : translational research & clinical interventions Controlled trial quality: uncertain

114. Effects of a Randomized Exercise Trial on Physical Activity, Psychological Distress and Quality of Life in Older Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of a Randomized Exercise Trial on Physical Activity, Psychological Distress and Quality of Life in Older Adults Evidence suggests improvements in positive psychological health indices (e.g., self-esteem) may explain the relationship between physical activity and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Less is known about the role of reductions in negative psychological health indices (e.g., depression). The present study examined the effects of changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical (...) activity (MVPA) and psychological distress on change in QoL in older adults enrolled in an exercise program.Older adults (N=247, Mage=65.68±4.59) participated in a six-month randomized exercise trial. Participants wore accelerometers and completed questionnaires to measure MVPA, psychological health, and QoL at baseline and post-intervention. Psychological distress was modeled as a latent factor comprised of anxiety, depression, sleep dysfunction, and stress. Structural models were used to examine

2017 General hospital psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

115. Relationships Between Exercise and Emotion Regulation on Physical Activity in Frail Older Adults

. There is a gap in the understanding of how exercise influences the selection of emotion regulation strategies (avoidant vs. adaptive) in frail older adults. The investigators propose to examine the interactions between regular exercise, selection of emotional regulation strategies, and daily physical activity in frail sedentary older adults. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Mobility Limitation Sedentary Lifestyle Older Adults Behavioral: Group exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description (...) Relationships Between Exercise and Emotion Regulation on Physical Activity in Frail Older Adults Relationships Between Exercise and Emotion Regulation on Physical Activity in Frail Older Adults - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one

2017 Clinical Trials

116. The effect of ongoing feedback on physical activity levels following an exercise intervention in older adults: a randomised controlled trial protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of ongoing feedback on physical activity levels following an exercise intervention in older adults: a randomised controlled trial protocol. Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way (...) to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made. This study, therefore, aims to determine the effect of ongoing feedback (TC vs. RAMF) on the maintenance of physical activity following a 12-week individualised lifestyle program, and the effect of this on health risk

2017 BMC sports science, medicine and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

117. Counselling for physical activity, life-space mobility and falls prevention in old age (COSMOS): protocol of a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Counselling for physical activity, life-space mobility and falls prevention in old age (COSMOS): protocol of a randomised controlled trial. The most promising way to promote active life years in old age is to promote regular participation in physical activity (PA). Maintaining lower extremity muscle function with good balance has been associated with fewer falls and the need of help from others. This article describes the design and intervention of a randomised controlled trial (RCT (...) ) investigating the effectiveness of a health and PA counselling programme on life-space mobility and falls rates in community-dwelling older adults at the Health Kiosk and/or Service Centre.Community-dwelling men and women (n=450) aged 65 years and over with early phase mobility limitation will be recruited to a 24-month RCT with a 24-month follow-up. Participants will be randomly allocated into either a health and PA counselling group (intervention) or relaxation group (control intervention). All

2019 BMJ open

118. Age, period and cohort effects in activities of daily living, physical and cognitive functioning impairment among the oldest-old in China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Age, period and cohort effects in activities of daily living, physical and cognitive functioning impairment among the oldest-old in China. The aim of this study was to examine the trends in impairment regarding activities of daily living (ADL), physical performance and cognitive function among the oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) in China between 1998 and 2014.We used data on 34,297 oldest-old individuals from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. We estimated (...) not change significantly, but ADL is likely to be amenable to improvement resulting from improved medical and social care. Therefore, increased care for the elderly may considerably improve their quality of life, particularly regarding their basic activities of daily living.© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

2019 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

119. Differences in Falls between Older Adult Participants in Group Exercise and Those Who Exercise Alone: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) Data Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differences in Falls between Older Adult Participants in Group Exercise and Those Who Exercise Alone: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) Data This study examined the difference in falls between older adults who participated in group exercise and those who exercised alone. We used cross-sectional data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study. Data were obtained from functionally independent residents aged 65 years or older across 30 municipalities (...) reported multiple falls. After adjustment for 10 possible confounders, the GE group had an odds ratio (OR) for falls of 0.75 (95% confidence intervals 0.60⁻0.95) compared with the IE group. After adjustment for physiological factors and a psychological factor, the OR for the GE group increased slightly; however, an association between falls and exercise type was indicated. Older adults who participate in group exercise may receive additional benefits related to falls prevention compared with those who

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

120. Community design factors and their influence on physical activity in the aging population: A Rapid Review

; intervention/exposure that focused on built environment/community design factors, physical activity outcome (e.g., walking, active transportation, non-motorized mobility). ? Exclusion criteria: focused on child/youth/adult population, elderly or frail elderly living in long-term care or palliative care; exercise/physical activity interventions; people with disabilities or chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease). 6 Results of the Search Following primary relevance assessment (...) ., connected streets, shorter blocks with more intersections) were reported depending on the method of analysis used. No qualitative studies were reported for this design element. o Proximity and easy access to exercise opportunities and daily destinations. The quantitative evidence is mixed but emerging qualitative evidence indicates that access to daily destinations, senior-oriented amenities, and parks/trails facilitates walking and physical activity among older adults. o Safety from traffic and crime

2017 Peel Health Library

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