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Exercise in the Elderly

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81. Effects of Acute and Chronic Exercise on Immunological Parameters in the Elderly Aged: Can Physical Activity Counteract the Effects of Aging? (PubMed)

Effects of Acute and Chronic Exercise on Immunological Parameters in the Elderly Aged: Can Physical Activity Counteract the Effects of Aging? Immunosenescence is characterized by deterioration of the immune system caused by aging which induces changes to innate and adaptive immunity. Immunosenescence affects function and phenotype of immune cells, such as expression and function of receptors for immune cells which contributes to loss of immune function (chemotaxis, intracellular killing (...) in certain type of cancers (such as breast cancer, colon, or prostate cancer), and autoimmune disease. Numerous studies on physical activity and immunity, with focus on special populations (i.e., people with diabetes, HIV patients) demonstrate that chronic exercise enhances immunity. However, the majority of previous work has focused on either a pathological population or healthy young adults whilst research in elderly populations is scarce. Research conducted to date has primarily focused on aerobic

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2018 Frontiers in immunology

82. Comparisons of the Health Benefits of Strength Training, Aqua-Fitness, and Aerobic Exercise for the Elderly (PubMed)

Comparisons of the Health Benefits of Strength Training, Aqua-Fitness, and Aerobic Exercise for the Elderly To compare strength training, aqua-fitness, and aerobic exercise programs to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of the activities in older people.Double-blind randomized trial.Controlled clinical environment.108 people: 54 female paired with a male of the same age (average age of 65.5 ± 5.6 years).Three exercise programs (aqua-fitness, aerobic exercise, and strength (...) training) for six months.Body Mass Index, Senior Fitness Test (which evaluated functional fitness), and the SF-12 Health Survey.Men showed greater positive changes in the aerobic exercise group for general self-perceived mental health, leg strength, and flexibility of legs and arms. The largest improvements in overall self-perceived physical health and upper limb strength were in the men of the strength training group. The women participants in the strength training group obtained greater benefits

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2018 Rehabilitation research and practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

83. Association between Physical Exercise and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress among Middle-Aged and Elderly Community Residents with Essential Hypertension in China (PubMed)

Association between Physical Exercise and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress among Middle-Aged and Elderly Community Residents with Essential Hypertension in China This study aimed to investigate the role of different types and frequencies of physical exercise in biomarkers of oxidative stress among middle-aged and elderly community residents with essential hypertension in China. A community-based cross-sectional survey was undertaken in 7 subdistricts. Individuals, 45-79 years old, with essential (...) hypertension (n = 402) and without cardiovascular disease (n = 1047) were included. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and plasma levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) were determined. Multilevel linear regression was used to estimate the associations between various types of physical exercise and oxidative stress biomarker levels. Participants engaged in high frequency walking/square dancing or taiji/yoga demonstrated decreased systolic blood pressure in both groups; however

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2018 BioMed research international

84. Effects of long-term home-based Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PubMed)

Effects of long-term home-based Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease This study was designed to investigate the effects of long-term home-based Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Forty patients with COPD at stages II-III of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease were enrolled. The subjects were randomly allocated (...) Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance can effectively improve the pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and quality of life of elderly patients with moderate to severe COPD.

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2018 Clinical interventions in aging

85. The effect of exercise combined with a cognitive-enhancement group training program on cognition and depression in the community-dwelling elderly (PubMed)

The effect of exercise combined with a cognitive-enhancement group training program on cognition and depression in the community-dwelling elderly [Purpose] In this study, we investigated the effects of combining exercise with a cognitive-enhancement group program on cognition and depression in a group of community-dwelling elderly people. [Subjects and Methods] The study's subjects consisted of 30 community-dwelling elderly people of both genders, whose average age was 78 years (...) . They participated in a program of physical exercise combined with a cognitive-enhancement group training program. This consisted of sessions lasting 60 minutes that took place once a week over 3 months. To assess the participants' levels of cognition and depression, we conducted batteries of tests using, respectively, the Korean versions of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease assessment packet (CERAD-K) and the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-SF). [Results] The Verbal

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2018 Journal of physical therapy science

86. The Role of Physical Exercise and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Depressive 
Illness in the Elderly (PubMed)

The Role of Physical Exercise and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Depressive 
Illness in the Elderly In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades the quality of life, especially in old age. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, since it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have (...) expectancy, worsens medical illnesses, enhances health care costs and is the primary cause of suicide among older people. To date, the underpinnings of depression in the elderly are still to be understood, and the pharmacological treatment is the most commonly used therapy.Since a sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits have recently emerged as crucial contributors to the genesis and course of depression, in the present review, we have focused on the effects of physical activity and omega-3 fatty

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2018 Current neuropharmacology

87. Inflammatory cytokines and immune system modulation by aerobic versus resisted exercise training for elderly (PubMed)

Inflammatory cytokines and immune system modulation by aerobic versus resisted exercise training for elderly Aging is characterized with immunosenescence associated with a hyper-inflammatory state, characterized by elevated circulating levels of pro-inflammatory mediators. Physical exercise is a potential strategy for improving the immune system dysfunction and chronic inflammation that accompanies aging. However, there is a need to differentiate between aerobic and resistance exercise training (...) regarding human immune system and systemic inflammation among the elderly Saudi population.The aim of this study was to compare the impact of 6 months of aerobic versus resisted exercise training on inflammatory cytokines and immune system response among elderly.Sixty previously sedentary elderly subjects participated in this study, their age ranged from 61-66 years. All Subjects were randomly assigned to supervised aerobic exercise intervention group (group A, n=40) or resistance exercise group (group

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2018 African health sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

88. Multicomponent Exercise Improves Physical Functioning but Not Cognition and Hemodynamic Parameters in Elderly Osteoarthritis Patients Regardless of Hypertension (PubMed)

Multicomponent Exercise Improves Physical Functioning but Not Cognition and Hemodynamic Parameters in Elderly Osteoarthritis Patients Regardless of Hypertension The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 6-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP) on physical function, cognition, and hemodynamic parameters of elderly normotensive (NTS) and hypertensive (HTS) osteoarthritis patients. A total of 99 elderly osteoarthritis patients (44 NTS and 55 HTS) were recruited and submitted (...) to functional, cognitive, and hemodynamic evaluations before and after six months of a MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week at moderate intensity. The physical exercises aggregated functional and walking exercises. Results indicate that 6 months of MCEP were able to improve one-leg stand and mobility (walking speeds) of osteoarthritis patients regardless of hypertension. On the other hand, cognitive and hemodynamic parameters were not altered after the MCEP. The findings of the present

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2018 BioMed research international

89. The Effect of Leisure Activity Diversity and Exercise Time on the Prevention of Depression in the Middle-Aged and Elderly Residents of Taiwan (PubMed)

The Effect of Leisure Activity Diversity and Exercise Time on the Prevention of Depression in the Middle-Aged and Elderly Residents of Taiwan Previous studies have confirmed that activity participation is beneficial to mental health, but few studies focus on older adults' depression. Based on the theory of social integration, this study examined the effects of leisure activity diversity and exercise time on depression in late adulthood. Subjects in the 2011 Survey of Health and Living Status (...) of the Middle-Aged and Elderly in Taiwan were extracted. A series of logistic regressions were conducted to discern factors related to the odds of having depression. Among study subjects (N = 3727; age ≥ 58), 20.9% indicated an inclination of having depression (CESD-10 score ≥ 8). This study found that participating in diverse leisure activities and longer exercise time decreases older adults' risk of having depression. Additionally, the results confirmed that depression is positively correlated

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

90. Short-term vascular hemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in young adults and in the elderly (PubMed)

Short-term vascular hemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in young adults and in the elderly Vascular aging is known to induce progressive stiffening of the large elastic arteries, altering vascular hemodynamics under both rest and stress conditions. In this study, we aimed to investigate changes in vascular hemodynamics in response to isometric handgrip exercise across ages.We included 62 participants, who were divided into three age categories: 20-40 (n=22), 41-60 (n=20), and 61-80 (n (...) =20) years. Vascular hemodynamics were measured using the Mobil-o-Graph® based on the pulsatile pressure changes in the brachial artery. One-way ANOVA test was performed to analyze the changes induced by isometric handgrip exercise.After isometric handgrip exercise, aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) increased by 0.10 m/s in the youngest, 0.06 m/s in the middle-age, and 0.02 m/s in the oldest age category. Changes in PWV strongly correlated with those in central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) (r

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2018 Clinical interventions in aging

91. Factors influencing regular physical exercise among the elderly in residential care facilities in a South African health district (PubMed)

Factors influencing regular physical exercise among the elderly in residential care facilities in a South African health district  Physical exercise plays an important role in healthy ageing, but the elderly do not engage in it regularly. In this cross-sectional study, we sampled 139 residents of residential care facility. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on participants' demography, health problems, nature, motivators and barriers to exercise. Chi-square test examined (...)  = 0.03). A significant proportion of the elderly do not engage in regular physical exercise, and this behaviour is influenced by personal health status and systems-related motivators and barriers.

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2018 African journal of primary health care & family medicine

92. Development and validation of exercise rehabilitation program for cognitive function and activity of daily living improvement in mild dementia elderly (PubMed)

Development and validation of exercise rehabilitation program for cognitive function and activity of daily living improvement in mild dementia elderly We investigated the effect of exercise rehabilitation based on fine motor movement for the elderly with mild dementia. Using electroencephalogram (EEG), the change of brain wave of them based on fine motor movement and comparing the improvement level of cognitive ability and performance capability in daily living activity was recorded (...) . The subjects were the elderly with mild dementia living in a sanatorium in Incheon city. Mini-Mental Status Examination, activity of daily living (ADL), and the influence on depression were examined. After 8-week exercise program, significant difference in cognitive function and ADL was observed, however, and there was no significant difference in depression. In the EEG, there was a significant difference in α-wave. This study suggests the chance to remind the necessity of exercise programs for improving

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2018 Journal of exercise rehabilitation

93. Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly

Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly (...) Collaborator: Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Information provided by (Responsible Party): Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: One-center randomized, three-arm, parallel, superiority, controlled trial in 132 elderly outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Two different combined exercise training doses (300min/week vs 150min/week) will be compared against usual care. The entire study length will last 24 weeks, and assessments will be conducted

2018 Clinical Trials

94. The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People

The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03420365

2018 Clinical Trials

95. Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise

Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03591198 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : July 19, 2018 Last Update

2018 Clinical Trials

96. Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance

Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Influence of an Exercise Program (...) Guimarães, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study has the objective to determinate the effectiveness of a specific exercise program on balance and functional capacity of the daily activities of institutionalized elderly. It was a randomized controlled trial with a total of 21 elderly that were randomly distributed into experimental (n = 11) and control groups (n=10). The experimental group performed a specific program

2018 Clinical Trials

97. Effect of the head extension swallowing exercise on suprahyoid muscle activity in elderly individuals. (PubMed)

Effect of the head extension swallowing exercise on suprahyoid muscle activity in elderly individuals. Aging causes motor function deterioration in the elderly population, which in turn can cause weakness in the muscles associated with swallowing. Swallowing-related problems in elderly individuals can be prevented or their symptoms can be improved with strengthening exercises for the muscles involved in swallowing. The existing strengthening exercises for the suprahyoid muscle have (...) their limitations. Therefore, it is necessary to find another exercise that can be performed by individuals whose personal characteristics make it difficult for them to perform the existing exercises. In this study, we investigated the changes in suprahyoid muscle activation, tongue strength, and thickness of the suprahyoid muscle after 8 weeks of the head extension swallowing exercise (HESE). A total of 23 healthy elderly individuals participated in an 8-week exercise program (20 min/session, 2 times/week

2018 Experimental Gerontology

98. Effect of exercise alone or combined with dietary supplements on anthropometric and physical performance measures in community-dwelling elderly people with sarcopenic obesity: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (PubMed)

Effect of exercise alone or combined with dietary supplements on anthropometric and physical performance measures in community-dwelling elderly people with sarcopenic obesity: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. To evaluate the effect of exercise (EXE) alone or exercise combined with dietary supplements (EXE-SUPPL) on body composition and physical performance in subjects 60 years and older with sarcopenic obesity.A systematic review was carried out of studies identified through (...) five search engines up to April 15, 2018. We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating EXE or EXE-SUPPL in elderly individuals with sarcopenic obesity for at least six weeks. Primary outcomes were percentage of body fat mass, appendicular skeletal muscle mass, and hand grip strength. Random effects meta-analyses with the inverse variance method were used to evaluate the effects of interventions on outcomes. Effects were expressed as mean differences (MD) and their 95% confidence

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2018 Maturitas

99. [Adaptation to intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia improves cognitive performance and exercise tolerance in elderly]. (PubMed)

[Adaptation to intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia improves cognitive performance and exercise tolerance in elderly]. For improvements in exercise tolerance and cognitive function in geriatric patients Multimodal training programs (MTP) are used as combination of physiotherapy, occupational therapy and cardiovascular training. Intermittent Hypoxic-Hyperoxic Training (IHHT), a modified type of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) is proposed to be included in MTP to elicit more pronounced beneficial (...) , both groups improved the total distance in the 6MWT but with a significantly larger increase in the EG compared to the CG (+24,1 % vs. +10,8 %, p=0,021). In addition, there was a significant relationship between the changes of the 6MWT and the DemTect Scores and the CDT. IHHT contributed significantly to improvements in cognitive performance and exercise capacity in elderly performing MTP. IHHT sessions are considered to be easily applicable to and well tolerated by geriatric patients up to 92

2018 Advances in gerontology = Uspekhi gerontologii Controlled trial quality: uncertain

100. Effects of Pursed-Lip Breathing Exercise Using Windmill Toy on Lung Function and Respiratory Muscle Strength in the Elderly. (PubMed)

Effects of Pursed-Lip Breathing Exercise Using Windmill Toy on Lung Function and Respiratory Muscle Strength in the Elderly. Aging results in decline in lung function and reduction of respiration muscle strength.To investigate whether pursed-lip breathing exercise, using windmill toy, can improve lung function, and respiratory muscle strength in the elderly.Fifty-four older men and women (aged 60 to 75 years) were randomly assigned to three groups, control (CON, n = 18), diaphragmatic breathing (...) -lips breathing exercise using a windmill toy is an effective breathing exercise intervention for improving lung function and respiratory muscle strength in the elderly.

2018 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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