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Exercise in the Elderly

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81. Effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Brisk Walking Exercise on Balance Ability in Elderly Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Brisk Walking Exercise on Balance Ability in Elderly Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. This study aims to investigate the effects of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and brisk walking (BW) on balance and training duration for the two exercises to significantly improve balance. A total of 48 elderly women were randomly divided into three groups. The TCC and BW groups completed a 60-min intervention training program with five sessions weekly for 16 weeks. Single-leg standing

2018 Motor control Controlled trial quality: uncertain

82. Effects of different periods of Tai Chi exercise on the kinesthesia of the lower limb joints of elderly women. (PubMed)

Effects of different periods of Tai Chi exercise on the kinesthesia of the lower limb joints of elderly women. This study investigated the effects of different periods of Tai Chi exercise on knee and ankle joint kinesthesia. A total of 20 Tai Chi practitioners and 19 controls completed the final test. Customized devices were used to measure the kinesthesia of the knee and ankle joints at the start, after 24 weeks and after 48 weeks of the intervention. Results showed that the 24-week Tai Chi (...) intervention considerably improved the kinesthesia of the knee flexion and extension and ankle dorsiflexion. The 48-week Tai Chi intervention improved the kinesthesia towards knee flexion and extension, ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion. Moreover, the 48-week Tai Chi intervention had better kinesthesia towards knee extension and ankle dorsiflexion compared with the 24-week Tai Chi intervention. Our results suggest that long-term (48 weeks versus 24 weeks) Tai Chi exercise benefits the knee and ankle

2018 Research in sports medicine (Print) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

83. Losartan has no additive effect on the response to heavy-resistance exercise in human elderly skeletal muscle. (PubMed)

Losartan has no additive effect on the response to heavy-resistance exercise in human elderly skeletal muscle. Our purpose here was to investigate the potential of blocking the angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) on the hypertrophy response of elderly human skeletal muscle to 4 mo of heavy-resistance exercise training. Fifty-eight healthy elderly men (+65 yr) were randomized into three groups, consuming either AT1R blocker (losartan, 100 mg/day) or placebo for 4 mo. Two groups performed (...) . We conclude that there does not appear to be any effect of AT1R blocking in elderly men during 4 mo of resistance training. Therefore, we do not find any support for using AT1R blockers for promoting muscle adaptation to training in humans. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Animal studies have suggested that blocking angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) enhances muscle regeneration and prevents disuse atrophy, but studies in humans are limited. Focusing on hypertrophy, satellite cells, and gene expression, we

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2018 Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

84. [The effective of facial exercises on the mental health in elderly adults]. (PubMed)

[The effective of facial exercises on the mental health in elderly adults]. Although it is well documented that exercising is good for the mental health and cognitive function as well as the physical condition in elderly people, exercising is difficult in elderly individuals with a low motor function. To develop an exercise program targeting elderly individuals unsuited for whole-body exercises, we assessed the effects of facial exercises on the mental health in healthy elderly people.Community (...) -three participants completed the protocol. In the intervention group, the GHQ-12, facial expression, and tongue muscle power improved post-intervention.These results suggest that facial exercises are effective in improving the mental health, facial expression, tongue muscle power of elderly people, and that exercises may be useful as a therapeutic modality in this population.

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2018 Nihon Ronen Igakkai zasshi. Japanese journal of geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

85. Effect of Losartan on the Acute Response of Human Elderly Skeletal Muscle to Exercise. (PubMed)

Effect of Losartan on the Acute Response of Human Elderly Skeletal Muscle to Exercise. To investigate the effect of blocking the angiotensin II Type I receptor (AT1R) upon the response to acute heavy-resistance exercise in elderly human skeletal muscle. The hypothesis was that AT1R blocking would result in a superior myogenic response accompanied by down-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta and up-regulation of insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling.Twenty-eight healthy elderly men (...) of myostatin messenger RNA.In general, there does not seem to be any effect of AT1R blocking on satellite cell number or myogenic pathways in elderly men in the days after one bout of heavy-resistance exercise. However, the greater suppression of myostatin may prove to be beneficial over a long-term intervention designed to induce hypertrophy.

2018 Medicine and science in sports and exercise Controlled trial quality: uncertain

86. Influence of backrest angle on swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the head lift exercise in elderly women compared with young women. (PubMed)

Influence of backrest angle on swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the head lift exercise in elderly women compared with young women. The head lift exercise (HLE) is the most common exercise for strengthening the swallowing musculature in clinical situations. This study investigated whether a change in the backrest angle of a bed influences swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the HLE and whether it can generate an appropriate exercise load (...) for swallowing musculature activity for older women compared with younger women. Participants were 10 elderly women and 10 young women, each of whom performed the HLE with a backrest randomly angled at 0°, 15°, 30° and 45°. The activity of the suprahyoid, infrahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles was assessed with electromyography. The perception of fatigue was measured with the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale. The activity of the infrahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles in elderly women

2018 Journal of oral rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

87. The impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A randomized trial. (PubMed)

The impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A randomized trial. We investigated the impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function and locomotor dysfunction in community-dwelling elderly individuals.In total, 148 community-dwelling elderly individuals (aged ≥60 years) who were not taking osteoporosis medications participated in a 24-week intervention. The participants were randomly divided (...) . Lower limb muscle mass increased significantly in all three groups, with no significant differences between the groups in the degree of change. The average serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D of all vitamin D-supplemented participants increased from 28.1 ng/ml to 47.3 ng/ml after vitamin D supplementation.Both exercise and vitamin D supplementation independently improved physical function and increased muscle mass in community-dwelling elderly individuals. Moreover, the combination of exercise and vitamin D

2018 Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

88. Acute resistance exercise with blood flow restriction in elderly hypertensive women: haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate. (PubMed)

Acute resistance exercise with blood flow restriction in elderly hypertensive women: haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate. This study aimed to compare haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate responses during resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) compared with traditional high-intensity resistance exercise in hypertensive older women.Eighteen hypertensive women (age = 67·0 ± 1·7 years.) undertook three random sessions: (i) three sets (...) ; 10 repetitions; 20% of one repetition maximum (1RM) with BFR; (ii) three sets; 10 repetitions; 65% of 1RM; without BFR; and (iii) no-exercise with BFR. The exercise sessions were performed on knee extension equipment.Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) were significantly higher (P<0·05) in all sets of exercise sessions than the control. No statistically significant differences were detected between exercise sessions

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2018 Clinical physiology and functional imaging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

89. An Ancient Boxing Exercise Improves Physical Functions, Balance, and Quality of Life in Healthy Elderly Persons. (PubMed)

An Ancient Boxing Exercise Improves Physical Functions, Balance, and Quality of Life in Healthy Elderly Persons. It has been shown that traditional dances can be effective in improving physical functions in the elderly persons. Unlike other traditional dance exercises, the ancient Thai boxing exercise may be suitable for elderly persons in other ethnicities who are interested in boxing. This randomized controlled study aimed to evaluate the effects of the exercise on physical functions (...) in elderly subjects. Healthy elderly subjects were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the ancient Thai boxing group. The control group received education about the exercise and a home program of daily practice. The ancient Thai boxing group performed the modified ancient Thai boxing exercise for 12 weeks. There were six outcomes in this study which were recorded at baseline and at the end of study (week 12) including a six-minute walk test (6MWT), five times sit

2018 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

90. Effect of a short multicomponent exercise intervention focused on muscle power in frail and pre frail elderly: A pilot trial. (PubMed)

Effect of a short multicomponent exercise intervention focused on muscle power in frail and pre frail elderly: A pilot trial. The aim was to establish whether a short supervised facility-based exercise program improved frailty, physical function and performance in comparison with usual care treatment.This was a quasi-experimental, non-randomized controlled intervention study in frail (2.75 ± 1.25 Frailty Phenotype criteria) older adults (range:77.2-95.8 years). The exercise (EX) group (n = 11 (...) ) performed concurrent training (power training + high-intensity interval training, HIIT) twice weekly for 6 weeks while the control (CT) group (n = 9) followed usual care.The exercise intervention improved frailty status in 64% of the subjects improving Frailty Phenotype by 1.6 points (95%CI 0.8-2.5, p < 0.05), and increasing SPPB score by 3.2 points (95%CI: 2.4-4.0, Cohen's d = 2.0, p < 0.05), muscle power by 47% (95%CI: 7-87%, Cohen's d = 0.5, p < 0.05), muscle strength by 34%(95%CI: 7-60, Cohen's d 

2018 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

91. Comparisons of the Health Benefits of Strength Training, Aqua-Fitness, and Aerobic Exercise for the Elderly (PubMed)

Comparisons of the Health Benefits of Strength Training, Aqua-Fitness, and Aerobic Exercise for the Elderly To compare strength training, aqua-fitness, and aerobic exercise programs to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of the activities in older people.Double-blind randomized trial.Controlled clinical environment.108 people: 54 female paired with a male of the same age (average age of 65.5 ± 5.6 years).Three exercise programs (aqua-fitness, aerobic exercise, and strength (...) training) for six months.Body Mass Index, Senior Fitness Test (which evaluated functional fitness), and the SF-12 Health Survey.Men showed greater positive changes in the aerobic exercise group for general self-perceived mental health, leg strength, and flexibility of legs and arms. The largest improvements in overall self-perceived physical health and upper limb strength were in the men of the strength training group. The women participants in the strength training group obtained greater benefits

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2018 Rehabilitation research and practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

92. Web-Based Telepresence Exercise Program for Community-Dwelling Elderly Women With a High Risk of Falling: Randomized Controlled Trial (PubMed)

Web-Based Telepresence Exercise Program for Community-Dwelling Elderly Women With a High Risk of Falling: Randomized Controlled Trial While physical exercise is known to help prevent falls in the elderly, bad weather and long distance between the home and place of exercise represent substantial deterrents for the elderly to join or continue attending exercise programs outside their residence. Conventional modalities for home exercise can be helpful but do not offer direct and prompt feedback (...) to the participant, which minimizes the benefit.We aimed to develop an elderly-friendly telepresence exercise platform and to evaluate the effects of a 12-week telepresence exercise program on fall-related risk factors in community-dwelling elderly women with a high risk of falling.In total, 34 women aged 68-91 years with Fall Risk Assessment scores >14 and no medical contraindication to physical training-based therapy were recruited in person from a senior citizen center. The telepresence exercise platform

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2018 JMIR mHealth and uHealth Controlled trial quality: uncertain

93. Effect of Exercise Intervention on Functional Decline in Very Elderly Patients During Acute Hospitalization: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Exercise Intervention on Functional Decline in Very Elderly Patients During Acute Hospitalization: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Functional decline is prevalent among acutely hospitalized older patients. Exercise and early rehabilitation protocols applied during acute hospitalization can prevent functional and cognitive decline in older patients.To assess the effects of an innovative multicomponent exercise intervention on the functional status of this patient population.A single (...) -center, single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted from February 1, 2015, to August 30, 2017, in an acute care unit in a tertiary public hospital in Navarra, Spain. A total of 370 very elderly patients undergoing acute-care hospitalization were randomly assigned to an exercise or control (usual-care) intervention. Intention-to-treat analysis was conducted.The control group received usual-care hospital care, which included physical rehabilitation when needed. The in-hospital intervention

2018 JAMA Internal Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

94. Genetic predisposition score predicts the increases of knee strength and muscle mass after one-year exercise in healthy elderly. (PubMed)

Genetic predisposition score predicts the increases of knee strength and muscle mass after one-year exercise in healthy elderly. This study aims to identify a genetic predisposition score from a set of candidate gene variants that predicts the response to a one-year exercise intervention. 200 participants (aged 60-83 years) were randomly assigned to a fitness (FIT), whole-body vibration (WBV) and control group. Participants in the exercise (FIT and WBV) groups performed a one-year intervention (...) , and exercise-induced relative changes of SMM and PTIM60 by 1.78% and 3.86% respectively. The identified genetic predisposition scores were positively related to baseline knee extension strength and muscle adaptations to exercise in healthy elderly. These findings provide supportive genetic explanations for high and low responders in exercise-induced muscle adaptations.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

95. Inflammatory cytokines and immune system modulation by aerobic versus resisted exercise training for elderly (PubMed)

Inflammatory cytokines and immune system modulation by aerobic versus resisted exercise training for elderly Aging is characterized with immunosenescence associated with a hyper-inflammatory state, characterized by elevated circulating levels of pro-inflammatory mediators. Physical exercise is a potential strategy for improving the immune system dysfunction and chronic inflammation that accompanies aging. However, there is a need to differentiate between aerobic and resistance exercise training (...) regarding human immune system and systemic inflammation among the elderly Saudi population.The aim of this study was to compare the impact of 6 months of aerobic versus resisted exercise training on inflammatory cytokines and immune system response among elderly.Sixty previously sedentary elderly subjects participated in this study, their age ranged from 61-66 years. All Subjects were randomly assigned to supervised aerobic exercise intervention group (group A, n=40) or resistance exercise group (group

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2018 African health sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

96. Effects of aquatic and land-based exercises on amyloid beta, heat shock protein 27, and pulse wave velocity in elderly women. (PubMed)

Effects of aquatic and land-based exercises on amyloid beta, heat shock protein 27, and pulse wave velocity in elderly women. Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative brain disease resulting from the deterioration of neuronal cells and vascular dementia, the latter of which results from cerebrovascular disorders. Exercise is effective in preventing and treating degenerative brain diseases as it activates blood flow to the brain, increases nerve production in the hippocampus, and promotes (...) the expression of synaptic plasticity-related proteins. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of 16-week aquatic and land-based exercise programs on amyloid beta (Aβ), heat shock protein (HSP) 27 levels, and pulse wave velocity (PWV).Forty elderly women, aged 60-70 years, voluntarily participated in the study. They were divided into control (n = 12), aquatic exercise (n = 14), and land-based exercise groups (n = 14). The variables of amyloid beta, heat shock protein 27, and pulse wave velocity were

2018 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

97. Combined exercise is a modality for improving insulin resistance and aging-related hormone biomarkers in elderly Korean women. (PubMed)

Combined exercise is a modality for improving insulin resistance and aging-related hormone biomarkers in elderly Korean women. The functional decline of the endocrine and immune systems with aging causes changes in the regulation of the body's metabolism and defense functions. Although it is impossible to stop aging artificially, regular exercises reportedly delay aging and have positive effects on senile diseases. The improvements in insulin resistance values and aging-related hormones (...) in elderly women after combined exercises have not been effectively elucidated.In this study, we aimed to examine the impact of combined exercise on insulin resistance and aging-related hormones in elderly women.Twenty elderly Korean women were randomly assigned to a "non-exercise" (n = 10) or combined exercise group (n = 10). The exercise group performed both anaerobic and aerobic exercises for 12 weeks, three times per week. Exercise intensity was increased gradually, from 40% to 70% of the heart rate

2018 Experimental Gerontology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

98. Effects of 12 Weeks of Combined Exercise on Heart Rate Variability and Dynamic Pulmonary Function in Obese and Elderly Korean Women (PubMed)

Effects of 12 Weeks of Combined Exercise on Heart Rate Variability and Dynamic Pulmonary Function in Obese and Elderly Korean Women We investigated whether a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise administered over a period of 12 weeks enhanced heart rate variability (HRV) and dynamic pulmonary function (DPF) in obese and elderly Korean women.The study was conducted in 2016 in the Konkuk University (Seoul, Korea). The study participants included 20 older obese women [aged 66.4±0.8years (...) ; >30 BMI and >30% in percent body fat]. The subjects were divided into a non-exercise group (n=10, control group; CON) and a combined exercise group (n=10, experimental group; EXP). Total power (TP), low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF), and LH/HF ratio were measured as frequency-domain methods. Salivary cortisol levels were analyzed by ELISA. The participants underwent dynamic pulmonary function (DPF) test.The EXP group showed a significantly decrease in body weight (P=0.002) and % body fat (P

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2018 Iranian journal of public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

99. Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Training Program on Physical Function in Institutionalized Frail Elderly (PubMed)

Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Training Program on Physical Function in Institutionalized Frail Elderly With the increase in life expectancy, the Brazilian elderly population has risen considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, frailty syndrome, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. This randomized controlled trial aimed to verify (...) the effects of exercise training on biochemical, inflammatory, and anthropometric indices and functional performance in institutionalized frail elderly. The sample consisted of 37 elderly people of both genders, aged 76.1 ± 7.7 years, who were randomly allocated into 2 groups: 13 individuals in the exercise group (EG) and 24 in the control group (CG). Anthropometrics, clinical history, functional tests, and biochemical evaluation were measured before and after the completion of a physical exercise program

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2018 Journal of aging research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

100. Home exercise improves the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness of elderlies: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Home exercise improves the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness of elderlies: a randomized controlled trial Aging causes physiological changes which affect the quality of sleep. Supervised physical exercise is an important therapeutic resource to improve the sleep of the elderlies, however there is a low adherence to those type of programs, so it is necessary to implement an exercise program which is feasible and effective. The study aimed to test the hypothesis that a semi-supervised home (...) exercise program, improves sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of elderlies of the community who present poor sleep quality.This was a randomized controlled trial study, conducted from May to September 2017, in Northeastern Brazil, with elderlies of the community aging 60 years old or older, sedentary, with lower scores or equal to 5 at the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and without cognitive decline. From one hundred ninety-one potential participants twenty-eight refused to participate

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2018 Multidisciplinary respiratory medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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