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Exercise in the Elderly

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61. The impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A randomized trial. (PubMed)

The impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A randomized trial. We investigated the impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function and locomotor dysfunction in community-dwelling elderly individuals.In total, 148 community-dwelling elderly individuals (aged ≥60 years) who were not taking osteoporosis medications participated in a 24-week intervention. The participants were randomly divided (...) . Lower limb muscle mass increased significantly in all three groups, with no significant differences between the groups in the degree of change. The average serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D of all vitamin D-supplemented participants increased from 28.1 ng/ml to 47.3 ng/ml after vitamin D supplementation.Both exercise and vitamin D supplementation independently improved physical function and increased muscle mass in community-dwelling elderly individuals. Moreover, the combination of exercise and vitamin D

2018 Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

62. [The effective of facial exercises on the mental health in elderly adults]. (PubMed)

[The effective of facial exercises on the mental health in elderly adults]. Although it is well documented that exercising is good for the mental health and cognitive function as well as the physical condition in elderly people, exercising is difficult in elderly individuals with a low motor function. To develop an exercise program targeting elderly individuals unsuited for whole-body exercises, we assessed the effects of facial exercises on the mental health in healthy elderly people.Community (...) -three participants completed the protocol. In the intervention group, the GHQ-12, facial expression, and tongue muscle power improved post-intervention.These results suggest that facial exercises are effective in improving the mental health, facial expression, tongue muscle power of elderly people, and that exercises may be useful as a therapeutic modality in this population.

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2018 Nihon Ronen Igakkai zasshi. Japanese journal of geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

63. Effects of different periods of Tai Chi exercise on the kinesthesia of the lower limb joints of elderly women. (PubMed)

Effects of different periods of Tai Chi exercise on the kinesthesia of the lower limb joints of elderly women. This study investigated the effects of different periods of Tai Chi exercise on knee and ankle joint kinesthesia. A total of 20 Tai Chi practitioners and 19 controls completed the final test. Customized devices were used to measure the kinesthesia of the knee and ankle joints at the start, after 24 weeks and after 48 weeks of the intervention. Results showed that the 24-week Tai Chi (...) intervention considerably improved the kinesthesia of the knee flexion and extension and ankle dorsiflexion. The 48-week Tai Chi intervention improved the kinesthesia towards knee flexion and extension, ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion. Moreover, the 48-week Tai Chi intervention had better kinesthesia towards knee extension and ankle dorsiflexion compared with the 24-week Tai Chi intervention. Our results suggest that long-term (48 weeks versus 24 weeks) Tai Chi exercise benefits the knee and ankle

2018 Research in sports medicine (Print) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

64. Influence of backrest angle on swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the head lift exercise in elderly women compared with young women. (PubMed)

Influence of backrest angle on swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the head lift exercise in elderly women compared with young women. The head lift exercise (HLE) is the most common exercise for strengthening the swallowing musculature in clinical situations. This study investigated whether a change in the backrest angle of a bed influences swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the HLE and whether it can generate an appropriate exercise load (...) for swallowing musculature activity for older women compared with younger women. Participants were 10 elderly women and 10 young women, each of whom performed the HLE with a backrest randomly angled at 0°, 15°, 30° and 45°. The activity of the suprahyoid, infrahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles was assessed with electromyography. The perception of fatigue was measured with the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale. The activity of the infrahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles in elderly women

2018 Journal of oral rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

65. Effects of Physical Exercise on the P300 of Elderly With Alzheimer's Disease. (PubMed)

Effects of Physical Exercise on the P300 of Elderly With Alzheimer's Disease. Evidence regarding the benefits of physical activity on the mental processing information of patients with Alzheimer's disease assessed objectively is scarce and can be observed through event-related potentials, such as the P300. The aim of the study was to identify the effects of physical exercises on mental processing information in the elderly with Alzheimer's disease through neurophysiological measures (P300 (...) amplitude and latency) and reaction time.A total of 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease participated in this study: 14 in functional exercise (FE) group and 17 in social gathering (SG) group who carried out three 1-hour sessions per week of FE and SG activities, respectively, for a 12-week period. All groups performed an auditory oddball task. A healthy elderly control group also participated.Significant (P < .05) improvements were observed as a reduction of reaction time after intervention in the FE

2018 Journal of physical activity & health

66. Effect of Losartan on the Acute Response of Human Elderly Skeletal Muscle to Exercise. (PubMed)

Effect of Losartan on the Acute Response of Human Elderly Skeletal Muscle to Exercise. To investigate the effect of blocking the angiotensin II Type I receptor (AT1R) upon the response to acute heavy-resistance exercise in elderly human skeletal muscle. The hypothesis was that AT1R blocking would result in a superior myogenic response accompanied by down-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta and up-regulation of insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling.Twenty-eight healthy elderly men (...) of myostatin messenger RNA.In general, there does not seem to be any effect of AT1R blocking on satellite cell number or myogenic pathways in elderly men in the days after one bout of heavy-resistance exercise. However, the greater suppression of myostatin may prove to be beneficial over a long-term intervention designed to induce hypertrophy.

2018 Medicine and science in sports and exercise Controlled trial quality: uncertain

67. Effect of Squat Exercises on Lung Function in Elderly Women with Sarcopenia (PubMed)

Effect of Squat Exercises on Lung Function in Elderly Women with Sarcopenia We explored whether a mechanically-assisted squat exercise improved muscle mass, muscle function, and pulmonary function in elderly women with or without sarcopenia. In total, 76 community-dwelling elderly subjects (>60 years of age) were screened. We ultimately included 30 subjects who completed more than 80% of the six-week course of mechanically-assisted squat exercises (three days per week, 30 min per day). We (...) measured body composition, lung function, knee extensor strength, hand grip strength, and the 3-min walk distance (3MWD) before and after the exercise program. Subjects with sarcopenia had poor hand grip strength and knee extensor strength, and a slow walking speed. Their lung function parameters, including forced vital capacity (FVC), was lower than those of the controls. After six weeks of squat exercises, the hand grip strength, knee extensor strength, and 3MWD increased significantly in both groups

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2018 Journal of clinical medicine

68. Thinking-While-Moving Exercises May Improve Cognition in Elderly with Mild Cognitive Deficits: A Proof-of-Principle Study (PubMed)

Thinking-While-Moving Exercises May Improve Cognition in Elderly with Mild Cognitive Deficits: A Proof-of-Principle Study Noninvasive interventions to aid healthy cognitive aging are considered an important healthcare priority. Traditional approaches typically focus on cognitive training or aerobic exercise training. In the current study, we investigate the effect of exercises that directly combine cognitive and motor functions on visuomotor skills and general cognition in elderly with various (...) groups, as participants completed the tasks faster but less accurately. More importantly, we observed a significant improvement in measures of overall cognition in the subaverage cognition group and the mild-to-moderate cognitive deficits group.Our findings indicate that (1) cognitive-motor exercises induce improved test scores, which is most prominent in elderly with only mild cognitive deficits, and (2) cognitive-motor exercises induce altered visuomotor behavior and slight improvements in measures

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2018 Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders extra

69. Home exercise improves the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness of elderlies: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Home exercise improves the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness of elderlies: a randomized controlled trial Aging causes physiological changes which affect the quality of sleep. Supervised physical exercise is an important therapeutic resource to improve the sleep of the elderlies, however there is a low adherence to those type of programs, so it is necessary to implement an exercise program which is feasible and effective. The study aimed to test the hypothesis that a semi-supervised home (...) exercise program, improves sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of elderlies of the community who present poor sleep quality.This was a randomized controlled trial study, conducted from May to September 2017, in Northeastern Brazil, with elderlies of the community aging 60 years old or older, sedentary, with lower scores or equal to 5 at the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and without cognitive decline. From one hundred ninety-one potential participants twenty-eight refused to participate

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2018 Multidisciplinary respiratory medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

70. Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Training Program on Physical Function in Institutionalized Frail Elderly (PubMed)

Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Training Program on Physical Function in Institutionalized Frail Elderly With the increase in life expectancy, the Brazilian elderly population has risen considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, frailty syndrome, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. This randomized controlled trial aimed to verify (...) the effects of exercise training on biochemical, inflammatory, and anthropometric indices and functional performance in institutionalized frail elderly. The sample consisted of 37 elderly people of both genders, aged 76.1 ± 7.7 years, who were randomly allocated into 2 groups: 13 individuals in the exercise group (EG) and 24 in the control group (CG). Anthropometrics, clinical history, functional tests, and biochemical evaluation were measured before and after the completion of a physical exercise program

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2018 Journal of aging research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

71. Acute responses of hemodynamic and oxidative stress parameters to aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction in hypertensive elderly women. (PubMed)

Acute responses of hemodynamic and oxidative stress parameters to aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction in hypertensive elderly women. Systemic arterial hypertension has been associated with the majority deaths from cardiovascular disease, especially among the elderly population, and the imbalance between antioxidant and pro-oxidants has been associated with hypertension. This study analyzed the acute responses of cardiorespiratory and oxidative stress parameters to low intensity aerobic (...) exercise (LIAE) with blood flow restriction (BFR) in hypertensive elderly women. The experimental group consisted of 16 hypertensive women (67.2 ± 3.7 years) who underwent a progressive treadmill test and performed three exercise protocols in random order: high intensity (HIAE), low intensity aerobic exercise (LIAE) and low intensity aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction (LIAE + BFR). Data analysis showed that blood pressure and heart rate augmented from rest to post effort (p < 0.05

2018 Molecular biology reports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

72. Resistance Exercise Training Is More Effective than Interval Aerobic Training in Reducing Blood Pressure During Sleep in Hypertensive Elderly Patients. (PubMed)

Resistance Exercise Training Is More Effective than Interval Aerobic Training in Reducing Blood Pressure During Sleep in Hypertensive Elderly Patients. Bertani, RF, Campos, GO, Perseguin, DM, Bonardi, JMT, Ferriolli, E, Moriguti, JC, and Lima, NKC. Resistance exercise training is more effective than interval aerobic training in reducing blood pressure during sleep in hypertensive elderly patients. J Strength Cond Res 32(7): 2085-2090, 2018-An appropriate fall in blood pressure (BP) during sleep (...) is known to be related to a lower cardiovascular risk. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of different types of training on hypertensive elderly patients under treatment in terms of pressure variability assessed by the nocturnal decline in BP. Hypertensive elderly subjects under pharmacological treatment were randomly assigned to the following groups: 12 weeks of continuous aerobic training, interval aerobic training (IA), resistance training (R), or control (C). All subjects

2018 Journal of Strength And Conditioning Research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

73. Effect of the Auricular Acupoint Associated with Physical Exercise in Elderly People: A Randomized Clinical Test. (PubMed)

Effect of the Auricular Acupoint Associated with Physical Exercise in Elderly People: A Randomized Clinical Test. To analyze the effect of auricular acupoint associated with physical exercise on balance, mobility, and fear of falling in the elderly.The study is characterized as a clinical, controlled, and randomized trial with 22 elderly people divided into two groups: kinesiotherapy group (n = 11) and kinesiotherapy/auriculotherapy group (n = 11). The instruments used for evaluation were Falls (...)  = 0.00) and Falls Efficacy Scale International (p = 0.00), and significant intragroup Berg Balance Scale (p = 0.00) for both groups.The auricular acupoint did not influence the balance, mobility, and fear of falling in the elderly studied.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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2018 Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

74. Effect of HBM Rehabilitation Exercises on Depression, Anxiety and Health Belief in Elderly Patients with Osteoporotic Fracture. (PubMed)

Effect of HBM Rehabilitation Exercises on Depression, Anxiety and Health Belief in Elderly Patients with Osteoporotic Fracture. Guided by the health belief model (HBM), this study provided elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture with health education concerning osteoporosis (OP) prevention, carried out rehabilitation exercises based on HBM, and evaluated the intervention effect of HBM rehabilitation exercises, to offer a scientific basis for improving the prognosis of elderly patients (...) differences (P<0.001).HBM-based rehabilitation exercises alleviate negative emotions in elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture and improve their OP knowledge and health belief scores.

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2018 Psychiatria Danubina Controlled trial quality: uncertain

75. A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly

A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03668886 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : September 13, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

76. A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China (PubMed)

A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China Depression has become a major global public health problem. Many studies have shown the positive effects of physical exercise on depression. However, few studies have examined the relationship between frequency of leisure time physical exercise and depression without considering the time and intensity of exercise among middle-aged and elderly people (...) of urban communities in northern China. We conducted a cross-sectional survey that included 1604 participants among urban residents aged 50 years or older in China to evaluate how the frequency of physical exercise was related to depression. Our study showed that the prevalence of depression in the urban community of Jinan is 16.52%. For physical exercise, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for 1~2 times per week, 3~4 times per week and ≥5 times per week were 1.137 (0.661, 1.953

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

77. Effects of resveratrol, exercises and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor, Liver X receptor and Sirtuin 1 gene expression and apoptosis in the liver of elderly rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver (PubMed)

Effects of resveratrol, exercises and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor, Liver X receptor and Sirtuin 1 gene expression and apoptosis in the liver of elderly rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder. This study aims to consider effects of resveratrol, exercise and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor (Fxr), the liver X receptor (Lxr) and Sirtuin 1 (Sirt 1) genes expression in the liver of elderly rats (...) with NAFLD.Rats with NAFLD were randomly divided into seven groups including patient, saline, resveratrol (RSV), interval exercise, continuous exercise, interval exercise + RSV and continuous exercise + RSV. Levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the liver tissue were measured using specific ELISA kits. A TUNEL assay kit was used for the assessment of hepatic cells apoptosis. Lipid profiles were considered by measuring the serum

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2018 PeerJ

78. Assessment of lower extremity muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise therapy in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus (PubMed)

Assessment of lower extremity muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise therapy in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus The increase in the proportion of elderly people in the population is one of the most remarkable sociodemographic phenomena of the twenty-first century. The number of patients with diabetes is also increasing worldwide with this demographic change. Given these facts, consideration of the problems the general elderly population is facing in the management of diabetes (...) the assessment of the degree of autonomy in the activities of daily living. Exercise is one of the basic treatments for type 2 diabetes and may also prevent and improve sarcopenia. This review discusses the aspects common to the two health conditions and elucidates the effectiveness and necessity of exercise as a preventive measure against diabetes among the elderly.

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2018 Environmental health and preventive medicine

79. Web-Based Telepresence Exercise Program for Community-Dwelling Elderly Women With a High Risk of Falling: Randomized Controlled Trial (PubMed)

Web-Based Telepresence Exercise Program for Community-Dwelling Elderly Women With a High Risk of Falling: Randomized Controlled Trial While physical exercise is known to help prevent falls in the elderly, bad weather and long distance between the home and place of exercise represent substantial deterrents for the elderly to join or continue attending exercise programs outside their residence. Conventional modalities for home exercise can be helpful but do not offer direct and prompt feedback (...) to the participant, which minimizes the benefit.We aimed to develop an elderly-friendly telepresence exercise platform and to evaluate the effects of a 12-week telepresence exercise program on fall-related risk factors in community-dwelling elderly women with a high risk of falling.In total, 34 women aged 68-91 years with Fall Risk Assessment scores >14 and no medical contraindication to physical training-based therapy were recruited in person from a senior citizen center. The telepresence exercise platform

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2018 JMIR mHealth and uHealth Controlled trial quality: uncertain

80. Ultra-short-term heart rate variability during resistance exercise in the elderly (PubMed)

Ultra-short-term heart rate variability during resistance exercise in the elderly Despite the appeal of ultra-short-term heart rate variability (HRV) methods of analysis applied in the clinical and research settings, the number of studies that have investigated HRV by analyzing R-R interval (RRi) recordings shorter than 5 min is still limited. Moreover, ultra-short-term HRV analysis has not been extensively validated during exercise and, currently, no indications exist for its applicability (...) during resistance exercise. The aim of the present study was to compare ultra-short-term HRV analysis with standard short-term HRV analysis during low-intensity, dynamic, lower limb resistance exercise in healthy elderly subjects. Heart rate (HR) and RRi signals were collected from 9 healthy elderly men during discontinuous incremental resistance exercise consisting of 4-min intervals at low intensities (10, 20, 30, and 35% of 1-repetition maximum). The original RRi signals were segmented into 1-, 2

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2018 Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research

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