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Exercise in the Elderly

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7021. Systematized Quality Exercise Alternatives for Stress Incontinence

Quality Exercise Alternatives for Stress Incontinence Actual Study Start Date : June 1, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2019 Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Active Comparator: Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy If randomized to this arm, women will complete demographic forms and questionnaires. They will then undergo the intervention of 4 pelvic (...) . Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Stress Urinary Incontinence Pelvic Floor; Weak Incontinence, Urinary Quality of Life Behavioral: Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy Device: Home Biofeedback Not Applicable Detailed Description: Biofeedback has been shown to be highly effective the treatment of stress urinary incontinence when used in conjunction with pelvic floor physical therapy under the instruction of a healthcare provider. Home biofeedback has not been well studied, even though several

2018 Clinical Trials

7022. Health Outcomes After Participating in Exercise (HOPE)

interventions in obese older adults, when combined with exercise, improve body composition and physical and metabolic function in the short-term, the overall safety and long-term benefits of intentional weight loss in older adults remain controversial. Weight loss can also worsen age-related loss of muscle mass and decrease bone mineral density. Because of these concerns, health care providers are reluctant to recommend weight loss in obese older adults. The goal is to determine whether weight loss-induced (...) improvements in body composition and physical and metabolic function observed in short-term clinical trials persist over time is critical to inform geriatric obesity treatment. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Estimated Enrollment : 1150 participants Observational Model: Cohort Time Perspective: Retrospective Official Title: Long-term Function and Health Effects of Intentional Weight Loss in Obese Elders Actual Study Start Date : February 20, 2018 Estimated

2018 Clinical Trials

7023. Treadmill Exercise in Metabolic Syndrome

high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (less than 40 mg/dL or 1 mmol/L for men or 50 mg/dL or 1.3 mmol/L for women) or if you take any medicines for dyslipidemia Between the ages of 18-65 No regular physical activity (≥ 3 or more days per week) for the past 3 months Exclusion Criteria: Contraindications for treadmill exercise determined by their physician (e.g., cardiopulmonary limitations or diagnoses) or other inability to do treadmill exercise (e.g., musculoskeletal restrictions or severe (...) intolerance Physical Activity Acceptance [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 4, week 9 ] Physical Activity Acceptance Questionnaire; total score range: 10-70, higher scores = greater physical activity acceptance Exercise Self-Efficacy [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 4, week 9 ] Multidimensional Self-Efficacy Scale; total score range: 0-90, higher scores = higher levels of exercise self-efficacy Exercise Motivation [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 4, week 9 ] Behavioral Regulation towards Exercise Questionnaire-2; 5 subscales

2018 Clinical Trials

7024. Effect of Aerobic Exercises With Selected Phytoestrogens on Hot Flushes in Menopausal Women

(B): It consists of 25 women who received diet modification contains soy products (phytoestrogen) such as soy milk and soy beans every day for 12 weeks only. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Hot Flashes Behavioral: Aerobic excercise Dietary Supplement: soy products Not Applicable Detailed Description: 50 menopausal women with the diagnosis of hot flushes were randomized to 1 of 2 groups Group (A): It consists of 25 women who practiced treadmill exercise program for 30 minutes (...) by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Active Comparator: Aerobic excercise women who practiced treadmill exercise program for 30 minutes at 60% to 70% of maximum heart rate. The treatment sessions will be repeated 3 times per week for 12 weeks Behavioral: Aerobic excercise practiced treadmill exercise program for 30 minutes at 60% to 70% of maximum heart rate. The treatment sessions will be repeated 3 times per week for 12 weeks Other Name

2018 Clinical Trials

7025. Correlation of the New York Heart Association classification and the cardiopulmonary exercise test: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Correlation of the New York Heart Association classification and the cardiopulmonary exercise test: A systematic review. The New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification is frequently used in the management of heart failure but may be limited by patient and physician subjectivity. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provides a potentially more objective measurement of functional status. We aim to study the correlation between NYHA classification and peak oxygen consumption (pVO2 (...) ) on Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) within and across published studies.A systematic literature review on all studies reporting both NYHA class and CPET data was performed, and pVO2 from CPET was correlated to reported NYHA class within and across eligible studies. 38 studies involving 2645 patients were eligible. Heterogenity was assessed by the Q statistic, which is a χ2 test and marker of systematic differences between studies. Within each NYHA class, significant heterogeneity in pVO2 was seen across

2018 International journal of cardiology

7026. Effect of a resistance and balance exercise programme for women with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and a history of vertebral fracture. The secondary aims are to examine the immediate and long-term effects of the exercise program on physical fitness, fear of falling and quality of life.The study is a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Women aged 65 years or older with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fracture are included. The intervention group receives a 12-week multicomponent exercise programme, including resistance training combined with balance training. The control group receives (...) usual care. Adherence to the programme will be of importance for the internal validity of the study. Participants in the exercise group who don't attend will be followed up with motivational phone calls. The primary outcome is habitual walking speed over 10 m. Secondary outcomes are health related quality of life (Qualeffo-41, SF-36), physical activity (I-PAQ), Patient Specific Functional Scale, Fear of falling (FES-1) and physical fitness (Senior Fitness test, Functional reach test, 4 square step

2018 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders Controlled trial quality: predicted high

7027. Chair based exercise in community settings: a cluster randomised feasibility study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chair based exercise in community settings: a cluster randomised feasibility study. Some older people who find standard exercise programmes too strenuous may be encouraged to exercise while remaining seated - chair based exercises (CBE). We previously developed a consensus CBE programme (CCBE) following a modified Delphi process. We firstly needed to test the feasibility and acceptability of this treatment approach and explore how best to evaluate it before undertaking a definitive trial.A (...) , adverse events, retention, completion of health outcomes, missing data and delivery of the CCBE. Semi- structured interviews were conducted with participants and care staff following the intervention to explore acceptability.48% (89 out of 184 contacted) of eligible centres were interested in participating with 12 recruited purposively. 73% (94) of the 128 older people screened consented to take part with 83 older people then randomised following mobility testing. Recruitment required greater staffing

2018 BMC Geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7028. EX-MET study: exercise in prevention on of metabolic syndrome - a randomized multicenter trial: rational and design. Full Text available with Trip Pro

EX-MET study: exercise in prevention on of metabolic syndrome - a randomized multicenter trial: rational and design. Metabolic syndrome substantially increases risk of cardiovascular events. It is therefore imperative to develop or optimize ways to prevent or attenuate this condition. Exercise training has been long recognized as a corner-stone therapy for reducing individual cardiovascular risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome. However, the optimal exercise dose and its feasibility (...) in a real world setting has yet to be established. The primary objective of this randomized trial is to investigate the effects of different volumes of aerobic interval training (AIT) compared to the current exercise guideline of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on the composite number of cardiovascular disease risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome after a 16 week, 1-year, and 3-year follow-up.This is a randomized international multi-center trial including men and women aged ≥30

2018 BMC Public Health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7029. Assessment of Resisted Trunk Rotation Exercise With and Without Full Text available with Trip Pro

Assessment of Resisted Trunk Rotation Exercise With and Without The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of a study to measure the effect of resisted band antirotation exercises with the use of a double-pulse (DP) breathing kiai exercise on slapshot and snap shot velocity and subjective assessment of performance.Ten participants between 20 and 30 years of age who play ice hockey were recruited. The study was conducted over 3 weeks, and participants were randomized into 2 groups (...) ; group 1: resisted band antirotations with DP kiai (a shout used in martial arts) exercises, and group 2: resisted band antirotations alone. After week 1, there was a 1-week washout period, after which group 1 performed resisted band antirotations alone, and group 2 performed resisted band antirotations with DP kiai exercises.Data were successfully collected on all 10 participants. There appeared to be no difference between groups regarding slapshot and snap shot velocity.The design for this study

2018 Journal of chiropractic medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7030. Dietary nitrate increases exercise tolerance in patients with non-ischemic, dilated cardiomyopathy-a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Letter Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't 2016 01 16 United States J Heart Lung Transplant 9102703 1053-2498 0 Nitrates IM Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Cardiomyopathy, Dilated diet therapy metabolism physiopathology Dietary Supplements Exercise Test Exercise Tolerance physiology Female Humans Male Middle Aged Nitrates therapeutic use Oxygen Consumption Prognosis Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic methods 2015 08 17 2015 12 08 2016 01 10 2016 3 25 6 0 2016 3 25 6 0 2018 9 1 6 0 ppublish 27009674 (...) Dietary nitrate increases exercise tolerance in patients with non-ischemic, dilated cardiomyopathy-a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. 27009674 2018 08 31 2018 08 31 1557-3117 35 7 2016 07 The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation J. Heart Lung Transplant. Dietary nitrate increases exercise tolerance in patients with non-ischemic, dilated cardiomyopathy-a double-blind, randomized

2018 The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation Controlled trial quality: predicted high

7031. Effect of Performance Time of the Semi-Occluded Vocal Tract Exercises in Dysphonic Children. (Abstract)

Effect of Performance Time of the Semi-Occluded Vocal Tract Exercises in Dysphonic Children. This study aimed to verify the effects of execution time on auditory-perceptual and acoustic responses in children with dysphonia completing straw phonation exercises.A randomized, prospective, comparative intra-subject study design was used.Twenty-seven children, ranging from 5 to 10 years of age, diagnosed with vocal cord nodules or cysts, were enrolled in the study. All subjects included (...) in the Experimental Group were also included in the Control Group which involved complete voice rest. Sustained vowels (/a/e/ε/e/) counting from 1 to 10 were recorded before the exercises (m0) and then again after the first (m1), third (m3), fifth (m5), and seventh (m7) minutes of straw phonation exercises. The recordings were randomized and presented to five speech therapists, who evaluated vocal quality based on the Grade Roughness Breathiness Asthenia/Strain Instability scale. For acoustic analysis

2018 Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7032. Exercise raises high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in men after consumption of ground beef with a high but not low monounsaturated fatty acid-saturated fatty acid ratio. (Abstract)

in the lipid profile induced by exercise compared to dietary ground beef with a lower MUFA:SFA ratio (LR = 0.71). Untrained men (n = 13, age = 35 ± 12 y, weight = 91.4 ± 14.2 kg, body mass index = 27.8 ± 3.3kg/m(2)) consumed 5 HR or LR 114 g ground beef patties weekly for 5 weeks (random order) interspersed with a 4-week self-selected (SS) washout diet. One session of exercise (70% VO2max, 1675 kJ) was completed at the end of HR and LR diets, and again after a 5-week SS diet. Diets and physical activity (...) were otherwise not controlled. Fasting blood samples for lipid and lipoprotein analyses were obtained 30 min before and 24 h after exercise. Subjects reported no other changes in diets or physical activity patterns, and body weight and body mass index did not change over the study duration. Diet (3) × Exercise Time (2) repeated measures analysis of variance (α = .05) and follow-up analyses revealed that blood concentrations (mmol/L ± SD) of total cholesterol (5.07 ± 1.16 to 5.73 ± 1.36), high

2018 Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7033. Morning Exercise: Enhancement of Afternoon Sprint-Swimming Performance. (Abstract)

Morning Exercise: Enhancement of Afternoon Sprint-Swimming Performance. An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day.To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint-swimming performance.Thirteen competitive swimmers (7 male, mean age 19 ± 3 y; 6 female, mean age 17 ± 3 y) completed a morning session of 1200 m of variedintensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied-intensity swimming and a resistance (...) -exercise routine (SwimDry), or no morning exercise (NoEx). After a 6-h break, swimmers completed a 100-m time trial.Time-trial performance was faster in SwimOnly (1.6% ± 0.6, mean ± 90% confidence limit, P < .01) and SwimDry (1.7% ± 0.7%, P < .01) than in NoEx. Split times for the 25- to 50-m distance were faster in both SwimOnly (1.7% ± 1.2%, P = .02) and SwimDry (1.5% ± 0.8%, P = .01) than in NoEx. The first 50-m stroke rate was higher in SwimOnly (0.70 ± 0.21 Hz, mean ± SD, P = .03) and SwimDry

2018 International journal of sports physiology and performance Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7034. Exercise more or sit less? A randomized trial assessing the feasibility of two advice-based interventions in obese inactive adults. (Abstract)

Exercise more or sit less? A randomized trial assessing the feasibility of two advice-based interventions in obese inactive adults. The risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease may be reduced by a healthy pattern of daily physical activity. We investigated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of advice-based interventions aiming at either increasing moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) or reducing sedentary time (ST) in obese volunteers.Randomized non-blinded two (...) -armed trial.Inactive, obese adults were randomly assigned to reduce sedentary behavior (SitLess) (n=30) or increase MVPA (ExMore) (n=29) for 4 weeks. Participants wore ActivPAL (AP) and ActiGraph (AG) devices for 7 consecutive days at baseline and during the final week of the intervention period. Cardiometabolic risk factors (waist circumference, BMI, percent body fat, blood pressure, VO2max and blood markers) were measured at baseline and at follow-up. Trial was set in Midtjylland Denmark from 2012

2018 Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7035. Long-Term Effect of Pulsed Nd-YAG Laser Combined with Exercise on Bone Mineral Density in Men with Osteopenia or Osteoporosis: 1 Year of Follow-Up. (Abstract)

with osteopenia or osteoporosis (mean age, 53.78 [2.89] years; weight, 80.56 [7.33] kg; height 175 [5.30] cm) participated in the study. The T-scores were ≤-1.5. Patients were randomly assigned to four groups: HILT+EX (group I), placebo laser plus exercise (PL+EX; group II), HILT alone (HILT; group III), and PL (group IV). HILT was applied to the lower back and hip regions. Aerobic, weight-bearing, flexibility, strengthening, and balance exercises were performed three times per week for 24 weeks. The measured (...) Long-Term Effect of Pulsed Nd-YAG Laser Combined with Exercise on Bone Mineral Density in Men with Osteopenia or Osteoporosis: 1 Year of Follow-Up. A pulsed Nd-YAG laser is an effective physiotherapy modality used as a class IV high-intensity laser therapy (HILT).The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of HILT alone or combined with exercise (HILT+EX) on bone mineral density (BMD) after 24 weeks and at 1 year of follow-up in men with osteopenia or osteoporosis.One hundred men

2018 Photomedicine and laser surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7036. Exercise following breast cancer: exploratory survival analyses of two randomised, controlled trials. (Abstract)

in the usual care group (OS HR for the exercise group: 0.45, 95% CI 0.20-0.96; p = 0.04). DFS events for the exercise versus usual care group were 25 (12.1%) and 23 (17.7%), respectively (HR: 0.66, 95% CI 0.38-1.17; p = 0.16). HRs for OS favoured exercise irrespective of age, body mass index, stage of disease, intervention compliance, and physical activity levels at 12 months post-diagnosis, although were stronger (p < 0.05) for younger women, women with stage II + disease, women with 1 + comorbidity (...) at time of diagnosis, higher intervention compliance and for those who met national physical activity guidelines at 12 months post-diagnosis.An exercise intervention delivered during and beyond treatment for breast cancer, and that was designed to cater for all women irrespective of place of residence and access to health services, has clear potential to benefit survival. Trial numbers: ACT RN: 012606000233527; ACT RN: 12609000809235.

2018 Breast cancer research and treatment Controlled trial quality: predicted high

7037. The Effects of Acute Interval Exercise and Strawberry Intake on Postprandial Lipemia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Serum TAG was analyzed, and TAG area under the curve (AUC) and incremental AUC (iAUC) were calculated. Oxidative stress markers were measured at baseline and 4 h. Differences between conditions (strawberry/placebo and exercise/rest) were assessed using repeated-measures ANOVA.Ten males (age = 31.5, interquartile range = 17.8 yr, body mass index = 29.9 ± 1.8 kg·m) completed the study. TAG AUC was 1.5 mmol per 4 h·L lower for the exercise conditions compared with the rest conditions (95% confidence (...) interval [CI] = -2.3 to -0.8 mmol per 4 h·L, P = 0.001). TAG AUC was not different between strawberry and placebo conditions (95% CI = -1.3 to 0.6 mmol per 4 h·L, P = 0.475). TAG iAUC was 0.5 mmol per 4 h·L greater for the strawberry compared with the placebo conditions (95% CI = 0.1 to 1.0 mmol per 4 h·L, P = 0.021). There were no changes in markers of lipid related oxidative stress (P > 0.05).Acute submaximal high-intensity interval cycling exercise appears effective in reducing postprandial lipemia

2018 Medicine and science in sports and exercise Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7038. Efficacy of corrective exercise strategy in subjects with hyperkyphosis. (Abstract)

Efficacy of corrective exercise strategy in subjects with hyperkyphosis. Age-related hyperkyphosis causes deleterious effects on health, physical function, and quality of life. Recently, health care providers recognized it as a major health concern.To identify the effect of corrective exercise strategy on hyperkyphosis and compare it with that of conventional exercise.Subjects were randomly categorized into two groups. Each group comprised 30 subjects. Group A received the corrective exercise (...) strategy, and group B received conventional exercises for 8 weeks of the study duration (15 repetitions of each exercise for three sessions/day for a total duration of 45 min and 4 days/week. Pre- and post-interventional hyperkyphosis were analyzed according to posture number using the Posture Pro 8 postural analysis software. In addition, pectoralis minor flexibility was assessed using the ruler scale method in centimeters.Both groups showed highly significant postural alteration and changes

2018 Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7039. Do exercises improve back pain in pregnancy? (Abstract)

to control back pain in the control group was 500 mg higher than the intervention group. There was a weak association of age, parity, duration of back pain, and body mass index with functional ODQ score at 6 week following intervention. Conclusion The back pain exercise reducing program was effective in reducing back pain intensity and analgesia usage with a significant improvement in functional ability. (...) Do exercises improve back pain in pregnancy? Objective To assess the efficacy of an exercise program towards reducing back pain in pregnant women. Methods In this prospective control study, 145 low risk pregnant women who scored more than 20 for functional limitation assessment were recruited. The severity of back pain was assessed using the visual analoque scale (VAS) and the functional limitation was assessed using the Oswestry disability questionnaire (ODQ). All participants were informed

2018 Hormone molecular biology and clinical investigation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7040. Physiological responses during intermittent running exercise differ between outdoor and treadmill running. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physiological responses during intermittent running exercise differ between outdoor and treadmill running. The aim of this study was to compare the physiological responses during 15 min of intermittent running consisting of 30 s of high-intensity running exercise at maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) interspersed with 30 s of passive recovery (30-30) performed outdoor versus on a motorized treadmill. Fifteen collegiate physically active males (age, 22 ± 1 years old; body mass, 66 ± 7 kg; stature

2018 Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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