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Exercise in the Elderly

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41. Effect of physical exercise on the cognitive function of depressed elderly: a meta-analysis

Effect of physical exercise on the cognitive function of depressed elderly: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2018 PROSPERO

42. Effects of tai chi exercise on cardiopulmonary function and balance ability in the elderly: a meta-analysis

Effects of tai chi exercise on cardiopulmonary function and balance ability in the elderly: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation

2018 PROSPERO

43. Benefits of stretching exercise for the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials

Benefits of stretching exercise for the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

44. Unstructured Exercise Programs for Elderly Hospitalized Patients

Unstructured Exercise Programs for Elderly Hospitalized Patients TITLE: Unstructured Exercise Programs for Elderly Hospitalized Patients: Clinical Effectiveness DATE: 17 May 2013 RESEARCH QUESTION What is the clinical effectiveness of unstructured exercise programs (or walking programs) for elderly hospitalized patients? KEY MESSAGE No studies were identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of unstructured exercise programs or walking programs for elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS (...) . The search was also limited to English language documents published between January 1, 2008 and May 13, 2013. Internet links were provided, where available. RESULTS No health technology assessment reports, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, or non-randomized studies regarding the clinical effectiveness of unstructured exercise programs or walking programs for elderly hospitalized patients was were identified in the literature search. One reference of potential interest

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

45. Regular physical exercise improves cardiac autonomic and muscle vasodilatory responses to isometric exercise in healthy elderly (Full text)

Regular physical exercise improves cardiac autonomic and muscle vasodilatory responses to isometric exercise in healthy elderly The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and muscle vasodilation response during isometric exercise in sedentary and physically active older adults. Twenty healthy participants, 10 sedentary and 10 physically active older adults, were evaluated and paired by gender, age, and body mass index. Sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac activity (...) (spectral and symbolic heart rate analysis) and muscle blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured for 10 minutes at rest (baseline) and during 3 minutes of isometric handgrip exercise at 30% of the maximum voluntary contraction (sympathetic excitatory maneuver). Variables were analyzed at baseline and during 3 minutes of isometric exercise. Cardiac autonomic parameters were analyzed by Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. Muscle vasodilatory response was analyzed by repeated-measures

2017 Clinical interventions in aging

46. Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly

Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03118414 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : April 18, 2017 Last Update Posted : April 18, 2017 Sponsor: Mahidol University

2017 Clinical Trials

47. Preventing weight gain through exercise and physical activity in the elderly: a systematic review

Preventing weight gain through exercise and physical activity in the elderly: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

48. Water versus land-based exercises as physical training programs in elderly. (PubMed)

Water versus land-based exercises as physical training programs in elderly. The study aims to analyze and quantify the improvements of some physical skills in a group of subjects over 65 years old who practice regular activities in the gym and in a microgravity environment.The study included 132 subjects (68.9±5.5 years, 72.7±14.4 kg, 155.3±9.2, 30.6±5 kg/m2) who perform regular physical activity adapted and controlled for the elderly twice a week (50' per session) for a period of 8 months (...) significant improvements in motor skills considered and interesting results were observed in water activity, overall, in balance (+66%, P<0.001) and abdominal muscular strength (+16%, P<0.001) where the water group showed a significant within and between improvement.Current results indicate that the water and land programs improved motor skills in the elderly. Furthermore, when the effectiveness of the training programs was compared, it was verified that the water group has recorded major changes, overall

2018 The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness Controlled trial quality: uncertain

49. Acute resistance exercise with blood flow restriction in elderly hypertensive women: haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate. (Full text)

Acute resistance exercise with blood flow restriction in elderly hypertensive women: haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate. This study aimed to compare haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate responses during resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) compared with traditional high-intensity resistance exercise in hypertensive older women.Eighteen hypertensive women (age = 67·0 ± 1·7 years.) undertook three random sessions: (i) three sets (...) ; 10 repetitions; 20% of one repetition maximum (1RM) with BFR; (ii) three sets; 10 repetitions; 65% of 1RM; without BFR; and (iii) no-exercise with BFR. The exercise sessions were performed on knee extension equipment.Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) were significantly higher (P<0·05) in all sets of exercise sessions than the control. No statistically significant differences were detected between exercise sessions

2018 Clinical physiology and functional imaging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

50. Effects of chronic endurance exercise training on serum 25(OH)D concentrations in elderly Japanese men. (PubMed)

Effects of chronic endurance exercise training on serum 25(OH)D concentrations in elderly Japanese men. Higher levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are positively related to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations; however, the response of 25(OH)D concentrations to chronic endurance exercise training is unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate whether serum 25(OH)D concentrations were directly increased by 5 weeks of endurance exercise (...) training and influenced by changes in body fat in elderly men.Twenty elderly Japanese men were randomized to either the 5-week endurance exercise training group (ET group; N = 10) or the sedentary control group (SC group; N = 10). Fasting blood samples were collected to determine serum 25(OH)D and other blood parameters. The visceral fat area and hepatic fat content were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, respectively.After 5 weeks of endurance exercise

2018 Endocrine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

51. Community Capacity Building Exercise Maintenance Program for Frail Elderly Women. (Full text)

Community Capacity Building Exercise Maintenance Program for Frail Elderly Women. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of community capacity building exercise maintenance program for frail elderly women.A quasiexperimental pretest-posttest design was used with nonequivalent control group. The experimental group (n = 22) received community capacity building exercise maintenance program, whereas the control group (n = 23) received health physical exercise program for 16 sessions (...)  < .001), and health-related quality of life (p = .030) were significantly improved in the experimental group. In addition, body fat percentage (p = .005) in this group was significantly decreased after the community capacity building exercise maintenance program.Theses results indicated that a community capacity building exercise maintenance program is feasible, and associated with exercise maintenance among frail elderly women.Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2018 Asian nursing research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

52. Light rhythmic exercise with dietary milk fat globule membrane improves physical fitness in an elderly Japanese population: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. (Full text)

Light rhythmic exercise with dietary milk fat globule membrane improves physical fitness in an elderly Japanese population: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of home-based, light gymnastic exercise plus dietary milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) intake on physical fitness of an elderly Japanese sample in a pilot, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Seventy-one subjects (male, n = 13; female, n = 58) were randomly (...) ingestion might further enhance the effects of light-intensity exercise in healthy elderly people.

2018 Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

53. Effects of 12-week brisk walking training on exercise blood pressure in elderly patients with essential hypertension: a pilot study. (PubMed)

Effects of 12-week brisk walking training on exercise blood pressure in elderly patients with essential hypertension: a pilot study. Essential hypertension (EP) is characterized by blood pressure (BP) elevations, which often lead to target organ damage and cardiovascular illness. The following study investigates whether aerobic exercise programs with different intensities could reduce the magnitude of BP rise.Patients with essential hypertension were recruited from the Baoshan Community Health (...) , [Formula: see text]o2max, moderate physical activity time and physical activity energy expenditure significantly increased by 6000 steps, 2.4 ml/kg/m, 40 minutes and 113 kcal, respectively. At the same time, TRG's body fat rate and sedentary time significantly reduced by 2% and 60 minutes per day.Brisk walking can reduce the magnitude of BP rise during exercise of different intensities and may be reduced the risk of acute cardiovascular incidents in elderly patients with essential hypertension.EP

2018 Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

54. Exercises of dynamic stability under unstable conditions increase muscle strength and balance ability in the elderly. (PubMed)

Exercises of dynamic stability under unstable conditions increase muscle strength and balance ability in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific exercise intervention of mechanisms to control dynamic postural stability under unstable conditions in old adults. Forty-seven old adults (65-80 years) were assigned to 2 experimental groups (muscle strength group, n = 15; perturbation-based group, n = 16) and a control group (n = 16). The strength group (...) performed resistance exercises for leg and trunk muscles, while the perturbation-based group exercised mechanisms of dynamic stability under unstable conditions. The training duration was 14 weeks, with training sessions twice a week for 1.5 hours. Muscle strength, balance ability, and balance recovery performance were investigated before and after the interventions using maximal isometric plantar flexion and knee extension contractions, the approach of the center of pressure to the anterior limits

2018 Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

55. Effects of short-term endurance exercise on gut microbiota in elderly men. (Full text)

Effects of short-term endurance exercise on gut microbiota in elderly men. Regular exercise reduces the risks for cardiovascular diseases. Although the gut microbiota has been associated with fitness level and cardiometabolic risk factors, the effects of exercise-induced gut microbiota changes in elderly individuals are unclear. This study evaluated whether endurance exercise modulates the gut microbiota in elderly subjects, and whether these changes are associated with host cardiometabolic (...) phenotypes. In a randomized crossover trial, 33 elderly Japanese men participated in a 5-week endurance exercise program. 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analyses revealed that the effect of endurance exercise on gut microbiota diversity was not greater than interindividual differences, whereas changes in α-diversity indices during intervention were negatively correlated with changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, especially during exercise. Microbial composition analyses showed

2018 Physiological reports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

56. Effect of a home-based exercise program on functional mobility and quality of life in elderly people: protocol of a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. (Full text)

Effect of a home-based exercise program on functional mobility and quality of life in elderly people: protocol of a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Elderly people have high rates of functional decline, which compromises independence, self-confidence, and quality of life (QoL). Physical exercise leads to significant improvements in strength, balance, functional mobility, and QoL, but there is still reduced access to this therapeutic strategy due to difficulties in locomotion (...) to training centers or lack of adaptation to the exercise environment.The purpose of this clinical trial will be to verify the effect of a progressive and semi-supervised, home-based exercise program on the functional mobility, and in the QoL of sedentary elderly people. This is a protocol of a consecutive, single-center, single-blind, and randomized controlled trial. The design, conduct, and report follows the SPIRIT (Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials) guidelines

2018 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain

57. Effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Brisk Walking Exercise on Balance Ability in Elderly Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Brisk Walking Exercise on Balance Ability in Elderly Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. This study aims to investigate the effects of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and brisk walking (BW) on balance and training duration for the two exercises to significantly improve balance. A total of 48 elderly women were randomly divided into three groups. The TCC and BW groups completed a 60-min intervention training program with five sessions weekly for 16 weeks. Single-leg standing

2018 Motor control Controlled trial quality: uncertain

58. Losartan has no additive effect on the response to heavy-resistance exercise in human elderly skeletal muscle. (Full text)

Losartan has no additive effect on the response to heavy-resistance exercise in human elderly skeletal muscle. Our purpose here was to investigate the potential of blocking the angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) on the hypertrophy response of elderly human skeletal muscle to 4 mo of heavy-resistance exercise training. Fifty-eight healthy elderly men (+65 yr) were randomized into three groups, consuming either AT1R blocker (losartan, 100 mg/day) or placebo for 4 mo. Two groups performed (...) . We conclude that there does not appear to be any effect of AT1R blocking in elderly men during 4 mo of resistance training. Therefore, we do not find any support for using AT1R blockers for promoting muscle adaptation to training in humans. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Animal studies have suggested that blocking angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) enhances muscle regeneration and prevents disuse atrophy, but studies in humans are limited. Focusing on hypertrophy, satellite cells, and gene expression, we

2018 Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

59. The Effects of Group and Home-Based Exercise Programs in Elderly with Sarcopenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Full text)

The Effects of Group and Home-Based Exercise Programs in Elderly with Sarcopenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Physical exercise is effective for sarcopenic elderly but evidence for the most effective mode of exercise is conflicting. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a three-month group-based versus home-based exercise program on muscular, functional/physical performance and quality of life (QoL) across elderly with sarcopenia. 54 elderly (47 women, 7 men aged (...) 72.87 ± 7 years) were randomly assigned to one of three interventions: supervised group (n = 18), individualized home-based exercise (n = 18) and control group (n = 18). Body composition was determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis, calf measurement with inelastic tape and strength assessments (grip and knee muscle strength) via hand-held and isokinetic dynamometers. Functional assessments included four-meter (4 m), Τimed-Up and Go (TUG) and chair stand (CS) tests. QoL was assessed with Greek

2018 Journal of clinical medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

60. The impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A randomized trial. (PubMed)

The impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A randomized trial. We investigated the impact of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on physical function and locomotor dysfunction in community-dwelling elderly individuals.In total, 148 community-dwelling elderly individuals (aged ≥60 years) who were not taking osteoporosis medications participated in a 24-week intervention. The participants were randomly divided (...) . Lower limb muscle mass increased significantly in all three groups, with no significant differences between the groups in the degree of change. The average serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D of all vitamin D-supplemented participants increased from 28.1 ng/ml to 47.3 ng/ml after vitamin D supplementation.Both exercise and vitamin D supplementation independently improved physical function and increased muscle mass in community-dwelling elderly individuals. Moreover, the combination of exercise and vitamin D

2018 Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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