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Exercise in the Elderly

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41. The Long Run: Neuroprotective Effects of Physical Exercise on Adult Neurogenesis from Youth to Old Age Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Long Run: Neuroprotective Effects of Physical Exercise on Adult Neurogenesis from Youth to Old Age The rapid lengthening of life expectancy has raised the problem of providing social programs to counteract the age-related cognitive decline in a growing number of older people. Physical activity stands among the most promising interventions aimed at brain wellbeing, because of its effective neuroprotective action and low social cost. The purpose of this review is to describe (...) the neuroprotective role exerted by physical activity in different life stages. In particular, we focus on adult neurogenesis, a process which has proved being highly responsive to physical exercise and may represent a major factor of brain health over the lifespan.The most recent literature related to the subject has been reviewed. The text has been divided into three main sections, addressing the effects of physical exercise during childhood/ adolescence, adulthood and aging, respectively. For each one

2017 Current neuropharmacology

42. Preventing weight gain through exercise and physical activity in the elderly: a systematic review

Preventing weight gain through exercise and physical activity in the elderly: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

43. Effect of exercise on physical function, daily living activities, and quality of life in the frail older adults: a meta-analysis

Effect of exercise on physical function, daily living activities, and quality of life in the frail older adults: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

44. Endothelial cell senescence with aging in healthy humans: prevention by habitual exercise and relation to vascular endothelial function Full Text available with Trip Pro

Endothelial cell senescence with aging in healthy humans: prevention by habitual exercise and relation to vascular endothelial function Cellular senescence is emerging as a key mechanism of age-related vascular endothelial dysfunction, but evidence in healthy humans is lacking. Moreover, the influence of lifestyle factors such as habitual exercise on endothelial cell (EC) senescence is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that EC senescence increases with sedentary, but not physically active (...) yr, n = 9) adults; age-related changes in arterial EC p53 and p21 expression were not observed (P > 0.05) in older habitually exercising adults (59 ± 1 yr, n = 14). These data indicate that EC senescence is associated with sedentary aging and is linked to endothelial dysfunction. Moreover, these data suggest that prevention of EC senescence may be one mechanism by which aerobic exercise protects against endothelial dysfunction with age.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Our study provides novel evidence in humans

2017 American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

45. Increasing Physical Activity in Mothers Using Video Exercise Groups and Exercise Mobile Apps: Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, acceptability, and effectiveness of an individually adaptive and socially supportive physical activity intervention incorporating videoconferencing and mobile apps for mothers.The Moms Online Video Exercise Study was an 8-week, 2-armed, Web-based randomized trial comparing the effectiveness of a group exercise intervention with a waitlist control. Healthy mothers with at least 1 child under the age of 12 years were recruited through Facebook and email listservs. Intervention participants joined exercise (...) Increasing Physical Activity in Mothers Using Video Exercise Groups and Exercise Mobile Apps: Randomized Controlled Trial. Women significantly decrease their activity levels in the transition to motherhood. Digital health technologies are low cost, scalable, and can provide an effective delivery mechanism for behavior change. This is the first study that examines the use of videoconferencing and mobile apps to create exercise groups for mothers.The aim of the study was to test the feasibility

2018 Journal of medical Internet research Controlled trial quality: predicted high

46. Influence of backrest angle on swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the head lift exercise in elderly women compared with young women. (Abstract)

Influence of backrest angle on swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the head lift exercise in elderly women compared with young women. The head lift exercise (HLE) is the most common exercise for strengthening the swallowing musculature in clinical situations. This study investigated whether a change in the backrest angle of a bed influences swallowing musculature activity and physical strain during the HLE and whether it can generate an appropriate exercise load (...) for swallowing musculature activity for older women compared with younger women. Participants were 10 elderly women and 10 young women, each of whom performed the HLE with a backrest randomly angled at 0°, 15°, 30° and 45°. The activity of the suprahyoid, infrahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles was assessed with electromyography. The perception of fatigue was measured with the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale. The activity of the infrahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles in elderly women

2018 Journal of oral rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

47. Ageing and exercise: building body capital in old age Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ageing and exercise: building body capital in old age Research that provides better understanding of the motivational processes in older age to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle is sought after. We apply theoretical approaches to cultural capital, active and healthy aging health to shed light on the women's experiences in maintaining physical capabilities through an active lifestyle, and thereby facilitating their own inclusion in society. Thus, the aim of this paper is to explore why (...) older home dwelling women over the age of 70 years or more spend time in physical exercise and their experiences about the importance of participating in group exercise for their daily life.This paper reports on a qualitative study based on interviews with 16 older women aged 70 years or more and regularly attending group exercise classes in the community at an established workout center. The data were analyzed the data using an inductive content analysis approach.Three overreaching and interrelated

2018 European Review of Aging and Physical Activity

48. Dementia And Physical Activity (DAPA) trial of moderate to high intensity exercise training for people with dementia: randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dementia And Physical Activity (DAPA) trial of moderate to high intensity exercise training for people with dementia: randomised controlled trial. To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia.Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial.National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research (...) registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions.494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care. Random allocation was 2:1 in favour of the exercise arm.Usual care plus four months of supervised exercise and support for ongoing physical activity, or usual care only. Interventions were delivered in community gym facilities and NHS premises.The primary outcome was score on the Alzheimer's disease assessment scale

2018 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

49. Prescribed physical activity maintenance following exercise based cardiac rehabilitation: factors predicting low physical activity. (Abstract)

Prescribed physical activity maintenance following exercise based cardiac rehabilitation: factors predicting low physical activity. Physical activity is important to reduce mortality, morbidity and risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. This report evaluates to what extent patients are still physically active following an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme 12-14 months post-myocardial infarction and factors predicting why not.Data from the National Quality Registry (...) Swedeheart with post-myocardial infarction patients ( n=368) admitted from July 2012 to November 2014 were collected with outcomes of physical activity after 12-14 months. Baseline data included demographics, clinical variables, participation in exercise programmes, prescribed physical activity, health-related quality of life and self-reported health (EQ-5D-3L/EQ-VAS). A direct binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify indicators of low physical activity.Physical activity frequency per

2018 European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

50. Physical exercise training for type 3 spinal muscular atrophy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of evidence for all outcomes was very low because of study limitations and imprecision. The study did not assess the effects of physical exercise training on physical activity levels. No study-related serious adverse events or adverse events leading to withdrawal occurred, but we cannot draw wider conclusions from this very low-certainty evidence.It is uncertain whether combined strength and aerobic exercise training is beneficial or harmful in people with SMA type 3, as the quality of evidence is very (...) Physical exercise training for type 3 spinal muscular atrophy. Physical exercise training might improve muscle and cardiorespiratory function in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Optimization of aerobic capacity or other resources in residual muscle tissue through exercise may counteract the muscle deterioration that occurs secondary to motor neuron loss and inactivity in SMA. There is currently no evidence synthesis available on physical exercise training in people with SMA type 3.To assess

2019 Cochrane

51. Educating Medical Students in Counselling Older Adults about Exercise: The Impact of a Physical Activity Module. (Abstract)

physical activity module including a one-hour exercise tutorial combined with a 30-minute practical counselling session on senior medical students' perceptions of the importance of exercise and their perceived competence in advising older people about exercise.Pre-post survey.University campus.161 senior medical students taking part in the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Geriatric Medicine course in 2015 (control group) and 2016 (intervention group).The modified Exercise and Physical Activity Competence (...) not be significantly increased by the physical activity module (P=0.082). The physical activity module, however, improved medical students' perceived competence in six out of ten exercise-related skills, and increased their overall perceived competence in counselling older people about exercise (P<0.001).A 1.5-hour physical activity module improves senior medical students' perceived competence in counselling older people about exercise. This research proves that little teaching space is needed to impact positively

2018 The Journal of frailty & aging

52. Group-based physical activity for older adults (GOAL) randomized controlled trial: Exercise adherence outcomes. (Abstract)

of group-based physical activity programs informed by SCT. Furthermore, the results suggest that community group-based exercise programs should attempt to engage in age-targeting but not necessarily gender-targeting among older adults. (PsycINFO Database Record(c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved). (...) Group-based physical activity for older adults (GOAL) randomized controlled trial: Exercise adherence outcomes. Despite the health benefits of regular physical activity, across the globe older adults represent the least active section of society.The GrOup-based physical Activity for oLder adults (GOAL) trial was a three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT) that was designed to test the efficacy of two group-based exercise programs for older adults, informed by self-categorization

2018 Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

53. The Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) trial: Effects on physical function and quality of life among older adults with cognitive complaints. Full Text available with Trip Pro

exercise over 12weeks improved cognitive function (primary outcome) in sedentary older adults with cognitive complaints.To investigate the effects of combinations of two mental activity and exercise programs on physical function and HRQOL (secondary outcomes).Participants (n=126, age 73±6years, 65% women) were randomized to 12weeks of exercise (aerobic exercise or stretching/toning, 3×60min/week) plus mental activity (computer-based cognitive training or educational DVDs, 3×60min/week) using (...) The Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) trial: Effects on physical function and quality of life among older adults with cognitive complaints. Older adults with cognitive complaints are vulnerable to dementia, physical impairments, and poor quality of life. Exercise and mental activity may improve physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) but combinations have not been investigated systematically. The Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) trial found that mental activity plus

2018 Contemporary clinical trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain

54. Effects of Exercise Training Combined with Increased Physical Activity to Prevent Chronic Pain in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Exercise Training Combined with Increased Physical Activity to Prevent Chronic Pain in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial With the aim of developing a chronic pain prevention program, this randomized controlled trial examined whether exercise training combined with increased physical activity more effectively improves pain and physical activity than exercise training alone in community-dwelling older adults without chronic pain.We randomized 76 (...) older adults without chronic pain into an intervention group (n=38) involving exercise training combined with increased physical activity and a control group (n=38) involving exercise training alone. The exercise training comprised weekly 60-min sessions for 12 weeks. The program to increase physical activity required participants to record their daily step counts using pedometers. Pain intensity, total number of pain sites, and physical activity were assessed before and 12 weeks after

2018 Pain research & management Controlled trial quality: uncertain

55. A study protocol of Older Person's Exercise and Nutrition Study (OPEN) - a sit-to-stand activity combined with oral protein supplement - effects on physical function and independence: a cluster randomized clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A study protocol of Older Person's Exercise and Nutrition Study (OPEN) - a sit-to-stand activity combined with oral protein supplement - effects on physical function and independence: a cluster randomized clinical trial. Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independence. Protein deficiency plays an important role in the development (...) of sarcopenia. In order to increase the muscle mass protein intake should be combined with physical exercise. A daily physical activity, the sit-to-stand exercise, has been proven to decrease older persons' dependence in ADL. Our study aims to evaluate the effects of the sit-to-stand exercise in combination with a protein-rich nutritional supplement, on physical function and independence in frail nursing home residents. The resident's perceptions and experiences of the intervention and the staff's

2018 BMC Geriatrics Controlled trial quality: predicted high

56. Combination of exercise program and health education strategies in increasing physical activity level in older adults: a systematic review

Combination of exercise program and health education strategies in increasing physical activity level in older adults: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration (...) ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac

2020 PROSPERO

57. Epigenetic ageing is distinct from senescence-mediated ageing and is not prevented by telomerase expression Full Text available with Trip Pro

with a host of age-related conditions, and is predictive of lifespan. Employing these clocks to measure epigenetic age in vitro, we interrogated the relationship between epigenetic ageing and telomerase activity. Although hTERT did not induce any perceptible change to the rate of epigenetic ageing, hTERT-expressing cells, which bypassed senescence, continued to age epigenetically. Employment of hTERT mutants revealed that neither telomere synthesis nor immortalisation is necessary for the continued (...) increase in epigenetic age by these cells. Instead, the extension of their lifespan is sufficient to support continued epigenetic ageing of the cell. These characteristics, observed in cells from numerous donors and cell types, reveal epigenetic ageing to be distinct from replicative senescence. Hence, while re-activation of hTERT may stave off physical manifestation of ageing through avoidance of replicative senescence, it would have little impact on epigenetic ageing which continues in spite

2018 Aging (Albany NY)

58. In Patients over the age of 40 with plantarfasciopathy, is wearing a night splint nightly for 3 months effective in reducing pain when compared to exercise therapy?

for a sustained period to reduce pain from the plantarfascia (under surface of the foot). It is uncertain at present whether this provides any benefit in reducing pain when compared to standard stretches and exercises commonly given for this condition. Search timeframe (e.g. 2005-2015) Inclusion Criteria Description Search terms Population and Setting Age < 40 Diagnosis of or Plantar fasciopathy or Plantar fasciitis or Policeman’s heel or Jogger’s heel Intervention or Exposure Wearing of a night splint (...) In Patients over the age of 40 with plantarfasciopathy, is wearing a night splint nightly for 3 months effective in reducing pain when compared to exercise therapy? Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: Musculoskeletal Research Facilitation Group (CAT Group) Date: 02/02/2017 CAT Leads: Date CAT completed: 02/02/2017 Dean Peer, Email: Dean.peer@nhs.net Review date 02/02/02020 Michele Evans Email: Michele.Evans2@nhs.net Specific Question: In Patients over the age of 40 with plantarfasciopathy

2017 Public Health England

59. Promoting Optimal Physical Exercise for Life (PROPEL): aerobic exercise and self-management early after stroke to increase daily physical activity-study protocol for a stepped-wedge randomised trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Promoting Optimal Physical Exercise for Life (PROPEL): aerobic exercise and self-management early after stroke to increase daily physical activity-study protocol for a stepped-wedge randomised trial. Physical exercise after stroke is essential for improving recovery and general health, and reducing future stroke risk. However, people with stroke are not sufficiently active on return to the community after rehabilitation. We developed the Promoting Optimal Physical Exercise for Life (PROPEL (...) activity for 6 months post discharge will be measured via activity and heart rate monitors, and standardised physical activity questionnaire. Adherence to exercise guidelines will be evaluated by (1) number of 'active minutes' per week (from the activity monitor), (2) amount of time per week when heart rate is within a target range (ie, 55%-80% of age-predicted maximum) and (3) amount of time per week completing 'moderate' or 'strenuous' physical activities (from the questionnaire). We will compare

2017 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

60. Is the Association between Park Proximity and Recreational Physical Activity among Mid-Older Aged Adults Moderated by Park Quality and Neighborhood Conditions? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is the Association between Park Proximity and Recreational Physical Activity among Mid-Older Aged Adults Moderated by Park Quality and Neighborhood Conditions? Previous studies have reported mixed findings on the relationship between park proximity and recreational physical activity (PA), which could be explained by park quality and the surrounding neighborhood environment. We examined whether park quality and perceptions of the neighborhood physical and social environment moderated (...) associations between park proximity and recreational PA among mid-older aged adults. Cross-sectional self-reported data on park proximity, park quality, neighborhood physical and social environmental factors, recreational walking and other moderate- to vigorous-intensity recreational physical activity (MVPA) were collected among 2700 Australian adults (57-69 years) in 2012. Main effects between park proximity and measures of recreational PA were non-significant. Park proximity was positively related

2017 International journal of environmental research and public health

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