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Exercise in the Elderly

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41. Effects of long-term home-based Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PubMed)

Effects of long-term home-based Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease This study was designed to investigate the effects of long-term home-based Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Forty patients with COPD at stages II-III of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease were enrolled. The subjects were randomly allocated (...) Liuzijue exercise combined with clinical guidance can effectively improve the pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and quality of life of elderly patients with moderate to severe COPD.

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2018 Clinical interventions in aging

42. Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly

Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Exercise Dose-response for Diabetes in the Elderly (...) Collaborator: Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Information provided by (Responsible Party): Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: One-center randomized, three-arm, parallel, superiority, controlled trial in 132 elderly outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Two different combined exercise training doses (300min/week vs 150min/week) will be compared against usual care. The entire study length will last 24 weeks, and assessments will be conducted

2018 Clinical Trials

43. The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People

The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect of a Single Bout of Balance and Coordination Exercise on Cognitive Function in Elderly People The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03420365

2018 Clinical Trials

44. Effect of the head extension swallowing exercise on suprahyoid muscle activity in elderly individuals. (PubMed)

Effect of the head extension swallowing exercise on suprahyoid muscle activity in elderly individuals. Aging causes motor function deterioration in the elderly population, which in turn can cause weakness in the muscles associated with swallowing. Swallowing-related problems in elderly individuals can be prevented or their symptoms can be improved with strengthening exercises for the muscles involved in swallowing. The existing strengthening exercises for the suprahyoid muscle have (...) their limitations. Therefore, it is necessary to find another exercise that can be performed by individuals whose personal characteristics make it difficult for them to perform the existing exercises. In this study, we investigated the changes in suprahyoid muscle activation, tongue strength, and thickness of the suprahyoid muscle after 8 weeks of the head extension swallowing exercise (HESE). A total of 23 healthy elderly individuals participated in an 8-week exercise program (20 min/session, 2 times/week

2018 Experimental Gerontology

45. Aquarobic exercises improve the serum blood irisin and brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in elderly women. (PubMed)

Aquarobic exercises improve the serum blood irisin and brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in elderly women. The increase in the prevalence of degenerative brain diseases owing to the growing elderly population is becoming a serious social issue, and regular exercises can be effective in preventing and treating such diseases. Irisin, one of the myokines expressed in the muscles during exercise, is highly associated with the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Therefore (...) , the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of aquarobic exercises on serum irisin and BDNF levels to help prevent and delay degenerative brain diseases in elderly women.Twenty-six elderly women voluntarily participated in the study (12 in the control group and 14 in the exercise group). The exercise group underwent a 16-week aquarobic exercise program. The irisin and BDNF levels and liver function were measured in both groups: three times in the exercise group and two times in the control

2018 Experimental Gerontology

46. Development and validation of exercise rehabilitation program for cognitive function and activity of daily living improvement in mild dementia elderly (PubMed)

Development and validation of exercise rehabilitation program for cognitive function and activity of daily living improvement in mild dementia elderly We investigated the effect of exercise rehabilitation based on fine motor movement for the elderly with mild dementia. Using electroencephalogram (EEG), the change of brain wave of them based on fine motor movement and comparing the improvement level of cognitive ability and performance capability in daily living activity was recorded (...) . The subjects were the elderly with mild dementia living in a sanatorium in Incheon city. Mini-Mental Status Examination, activity of daily living (ADL), and the influence on depression were examined. After 8-week exercise program, significant difference in cognitive function and ADL was observed, however, and there was no significant difference in depression. In the EEG, there was a significant difference in α-wave. This study suggests the chance to remind the necessity of exercise programs for improving

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2018 Journal of exercise rehabilitation

47. The Effect of Leisure Activity Diversity and Exercise Time on the Prevention of Depression in the Middle-Aged and Elderly Residents of Taiwan (PubMed)

The Effect of Leisure Activity Diversity and Exercise Time on the Prevention of Depression in the Middle-Aged and Elderly Residents of Taiwan Previous studies have confirmed that activity participation is beneficial to mental health, but few studies focus on older adults' depression. Based on the theory of social integration, this study examined the effects of leisure activity diversity and exercise time on depression in late adulthood. Subjects in the 2011 Survey of Health and Living Status (...) of the Middle-Aged and Elderly in Taiwan were extracted. A series of logistic regressions were conducted to discern factors related to the odds of having depression. Among study subjects (N = 3727; age ≥ 58), 20.9% indicated an inclination of having depression (CESD-10 score ≥ 8). This study found that participating in diverse leisure activities and longer exercise time decreases older adults' risk of having depression. Additionally, the results confirmed that depression is positively correlated

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

48. Factors influencing regular physical exercise among the elderly in residential care facilities in a South African health district (PubMed)

Factors influencing regular physical exercise among the elderly in residential care facilities in a South African health district  Physical exercise plays an important role in healthy ageing, but the elderly do not engage in it regularly. In this cross-sectional study, we sampled 139 residents of residential care facility. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on participants' demography, health problems, nature, motivators and barriers to exercise. Chi-square test examined (...)  = 0.03). A significant proportion of the elderly do not engage in regular physical exercise, and this behaviour is influenced by personal health status and systems-related motivators and barriers.

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2018 African journal of primary health care & family medicine

49. Short-term vascular hemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in young adults and in the elderly (PubMed)

Short-term vascular hemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in young adults and in the elderly Vascular aging is known to induce progressive stiffening of the large elastic arteries, altering vascular hemodynamics under both rest and stress conditions. In this study, we aimed to investigate changes in vascular hemodynamics in response to isometric handgrip exercise across ages.We included 62 participants, who were divided into three age categories: 20-40 (n=22), 41-60 (n=20), and 61-80 (n (...) =20) years. Vascular hemodynamics were measured using the Mobil-o-Graph® based on the pulsatile pressure changes in the brachial artery. One-way ANOVA test was performed to analyze the changes induced by isometric handgrip exercise.After isometric handgrip exercise, aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) increased by 0.10 m/s in the youngest, 0.06 m/s in the middle-age, and 0.02 m/s in the oldest age category. Changes in PWV strongly correlated with those in central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) (r

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2018 Clinical interventions in aging

50. Ultra-short-term heart rate variability during resistance exercise in the elderly (PubMed)

Ultra-short-term heart rate variability during resistance exercise in the elderly Despite the appeal of ultra-short-term heart rate variability (HRV) methods of analysis applied in the clinical and research settings, the number of studies that have investigated HRV by analyzing R-R interval (RRi) recordings shorter than 5 min is still limited. Moreover, ultra-short-term HRV analysis has not been extensively validated during exercise and, currently, no indications exist for its applicability (...) during resistance exercise. The aim of the present study was to compare ultra-short-term HRV analysis with standard short-term HRV analysis during low-intensity, dynamic, lower limb resistance exercise in healthy elderly subjects. Heart rate (HR) and RRi signals were collected from 9 healthy elderly men during discontinuous incremental resistance exercise consisting of 4-min intervals at low intensities (10, 20, 30, and 35% of 1-repetition maximum). The original RRi signals were segmented into 1-, 2

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2018 Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research

51. Assessment of lower extremity muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise therapy in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus (PubMed)

Assessment of lower extremity muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise therapy in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus The increase in the proportion of elderly people in the population is one of the most remarkable sociodemographic phenomena of the twenty-first century. The number of patients with diabetes is also increasing worldwide with this demographic change. Given these facts, consideration of the problems the general elderly population is facing in the management of diabetes (...) the assessment of the degree of autonomy in the activities of daily living. Exercise is one of the basic treatments for type 2 diabetes and may also prevent and improve sarcopenia. This review discusses the aspects common to the two health conditions and elucidates the effectiveness and necessity of exercise as a preventive measure against diabetes among the elderly.

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2018 Environmental health and preventive medicine

52. Effect of Squat Exercises on Lung Function in Elderly Women with Sarcopenia (PubMed)

Effect of Squat Exercises on Lung Function in Elderly Women with Sarcopenia We explored whether a mechanically-assisted squat exercise improved muscle mass, muscle function, and pulmonary function in elderly women with or without sarcopenia. In total, 76 community-dwelling elderly subjects (>60 years of age) were screened. We ultimately included 30 subjects who completed more than 80% of the six-week course of mechanically-assisted squat exercises (three days per week, 30 min per day). We (...) measured body composition, lung function, knee extensor strength, hand grip strength, and the 3-min walk distance (3MWD) before and after the exercise program. Subjects with sarcopenia had poor hand grip strength and knee extensor strength, and a slow walking speed. Their lung function parameters, including forced vital capacity (FVC), was lower than those of the controls. After six weeks of squat exercises, the hand grip strength, knee extensor strength, and 3MWD increased significantly in both groups

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2018 Journal of clinical medicine

53. Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance

Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Influence of an Exercise Program (...) Guimarães, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study has the objective to determinate the effectiveness of a specific exercise program on balance and functional capacity of the daily activities of institutionalized elderly. It was a randomized controlled trial with a total of 21 elderly that were randomly distributed into experimental (n = 11) and control groups (n=10). The experimental group performed a specific program

2018 Clinical Trials

54. Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise

Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Improving Health and Reducing Disability of Depressed Elderly With Chronic Conditions Through Qigong Exercise The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03591198 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : July 19, 2018 Last Update

2018 Clinical Trials

55. A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly

A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. A Multimodal Exercise Program in Musculoskeletal System of the Community Elderly The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03668886 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : September 13, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

56. Thinking-While-Moving Exercises May Improve Cognition in Elderly with Mild Cognitive Deficits: A Proof-of-Principle Study (PubMed)

Thinking-While-Moving Exercises May Improve Cognition in Elderly with Mild Cognitive Deficits: A Proof-of-Principle Study Noninvasive interventions to aid healthy cognitive aging are considered an important healthcare priority. Traditional approaches typically focus on cognitive training or aerobic exercise training. In the current study, we investigate the effect of exercises that directly combine cognitive and motor functions on visuomotor skills and general cognition in elderly with various (...) groups, as participants completed the tasks faster but less accurately. More importantly, we observed a significant improvement in measures of overall cognition in the subaverage cognition group and the mild-to-moderate cognitive deficits group.Our findings indicate that (1) cognitive-motor exercises induce improved test scores, which is most prominent in elderly with only mild cognitive deficits, and (2) cognitive-motor exercises induce altered visuomotor behavior and slight improvements in measures

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2018 Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders extra

57. Effects of resveratrol, exercises and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor, Liver X receptor and Sirtuin 1 gene expression and apoptosis in the liver of elderly rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver (PubMed)

Effects of resveratrol, exercises and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor, Liver X receptor and Sirtuin 1 gene expression and apoptosis in the liver of elderly rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder. This study aims to consider effects of resveratrol, exercise and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor (Fxr), the liver X receptor (Lxr) and Sirtuin 1 (Sirt 1) genes expression in the liver of elderly rats (...) with NAFLD.Rats with NAFLD were randomly divided into seven groups including patient, saline, resveratrol (RSV), interval exercise, continuous exercise, interval exercise + RSV and continuous exercise + RSV. Levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the liver tissue were measured using specific ELISA kits. A TUNEL assay kit was used for the assessment of hepatic cells apoptosis. Lipid profiles were considered by measuring the serum

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2018 PeerJ

58. Effects of Acute and Chronic Exercise on Immunological Parameters in the Elderly Aged: Can Physical Activity Counteract the Effects of Aging? (PubMed)

Effects of Acute and Chronic Exercise on Immunological Parameters in the Elderly Aged: Can Physical Activity Counteract the Effects of Aging? Immunosenescence is characterized by deterioration of the immune system caused by aging which induces changes to innate and adaptive immunity. Immunosenescence affects function and phenotype of immune cells, such as expression and function of receptors for immune cells which contributes to loss of immune function (chemotaxis, intracellular killing (...) in certain type of cancers (such as breast cancer, colon, or prostate cancer), and autoimmune disease. Numerous studies on physical activity and immunity, with focus on special populations (i.e., people with diabetes, HIV patients) demonstrate that chronic exercise enhances immunity. However, the majority of previous work has focused on either a pathological population or healthy young adults whilst research in elderly populations is scarce. Research conducted to date has primarily focused on aerobic

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2018 Frontiers in immunology

59. A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China (PubMed)

A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China Depression has become a major global public health problem. Many studies have shown the positive effects of physical exercise on depression. However, few studies have examined the relationship between frequency of leisure time physical exercise and depression without considering the time and intensity of exercise among middle-aged and elderly people (...) of urban communities in northern China. We conducted a cross-sectional survey that included 1604 participants among urban residents aged 50 years or older in China to evaluate how the frequency of physical exercise was related to depression. Our study showed that the prevalence of depression in the urban community of Jinan is 16.52%. For physical exercise, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for 1~2 times per week, 3~4 times per week and ≥5 times per week were 1.137 (0.661, 1.953

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

60. The Role of Physical Exercise and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Depressive 
Illness in the Elderly (PubMed)

The Role of Physical Exercise and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Depressive 
Illness in the Elderly In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades the quality of life, especially in old age. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, since it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have (...) expectancy, worsens medical illnesses, enhances health care costs and is the primary cause of suicide among older people. To date, the underpinnings of depression in the elderly are still to be understood, and the pharmacological treatment is the most commonly used therapy.Since a sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits have recently emerged as crucial contributors to the genesis and course of depression, in the present review, we have focused on the effects of physical activity and omega-3 fatty

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2018 Current neuropharmacology

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