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Exercise in the Elderly

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21. Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial. This study evaluated the influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life (QOL) of sedentary elderly women. Twenty-four elderly women (aged 64.8 ± 3 years) participated in this study. Participants were divided into two groups: a Pilates Group (PG) and a Control Group (CG). The women in the PG performed 30-min sessions of Pilates (on the ground and using (...) appliances) twice a week over six months. To evaluate the QOL, the SF-36 survey was used. The PG achieved significant improvements in 7 out of 8 domains in the survey: functional capacity (p = 0.00), physical aspects (p = 0.03), pain (p = 0.00), general health condition (p = 0.04), vitality (p = 0.02), social aspects (p = 0.03) and mental health (p = 0.05). Our results showed that implementation of a Pilates program can improve QOL of sedentary elderly women.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

2019 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

22. A randomized controlled trial of exercise to prevent muscle mass and functional loss in elderly hemodialysis patients: Rationale, study design, and baseline sample. (PubMed)

A randomized controlled trial of exercise to prevent muscle mass and functional loss in elderly hemodialysis patients: Rationale, study design, and baseline sample. Elderly maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients exhibit muscle wasting and impaired physical function. This trial determines whether MHD patients benefit from a 12-week home-based exercise program, protein supplementation, or both.and Methods: This is a randomized, blinded controlled trial involving 60 elderly MHD patients (...) with impaired exercise capacity and function. Patients are randomized into either a homebased exercise program or normal care over a 12-week period. Measures at baseline include peak VO2, strength and body composition as well as cognitive and disease-specific questionnaires. Muscle biopsies are obtained and analyzed for protein signaling, expression of IGF-1, androgen receptors, and myostatin.At baseline, patient characteristics in the exercise and normal care groups were similar by age, gender

2019 Contemporary clinical trials communications Controlled trial quality: uncertain

23. Fat Soluble Vitamins in Institutionalized Elderly and the Effect of Exercise, Nutrition and Cognitive Training on Their Status-The Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS): A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Fat Soluble Vitamins in Institutionalized Elderly and the Effect of Exercise, Nutrition and Cognitive Training on Their Status-The Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS): A Randomized Controlled Trial. Institutionalized elderly are at higher risk for micronutrient deficiency. In particular, fat soluble micronutrients, which additionally have antioxidative function, are of interest. The purpose of this secondary investigation of the Vienna Active Ageing Study was to assess and evaluate the plasma (...) status of retinol, alpha- and gamma-tocopherol, alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin, and lycopene, as well as vitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of institutionalized elderly. We further determined the effect of six months strength training with or without supplementing (antioxidant) vitamins and protein on the plasma status of these ten micronutrients.Three groups (n = 117, age = 83.1 ± 6.1 years)-resistance training (RT), RT combined with protein and vitamin supplementation

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain

24. Positive influence of aqua exercise and burdock extract intake on fitness factors and vascular regulation substances in elderly. (PubMed)

Positive influence of aqua exercise and burdock extract intake on fitness factors and vascular regulation substances in elderly. Health issues in elderly individuals are often complex and tend to lead to chronic diseases; such issues can be due to a decline in fitness resulting from lack of physical activity. Aqua exercise and burdock are positive effects on cardiovascular disease and vascular health. This study investigated the changes due to aqua exercise and burdock extract intake in senior (...) fitness, prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in elderly women. Forty elderly women (65-80 years) volunteered for this study. After baseline measurements, participants were randomized into control (n = 8), aqua exercise (n = 11), aqua exercise and burdock extract intake combination (n = 11), and burdock extract intake groups (n = 10). The variables of senior fitness tests, PGI2 and TXA2 were measured in all participants before and after the 12-week study. Blood collections were carried

2019 Journal of clinical biochemistry and nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

25. Combined exercise training improves blood pressure and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with hypertension. (PubMed)

Combined exercise training improves blood pressure and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with hypertension. Although regular exercise plays a role in achieving healthy aging, a specific mode of exercise may be required for elderly individuals with hypertension (HT). Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effects of combined endurance and strength training (CBT) on blood pressure (BP) and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with HT.In a single-blinded, randomized controlled (...) , after the self-supervised training period, the CBT program might affect better due to greater exercise adherence and attendance in elderly individuals with HT.

2019 Journal of exercise science and fitness Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress parameters in depressed elderly individuals.Initially, ninety-two elderly individuals were included in the study and were allocated into the depression group (n=16) and nondepression group (n=14). Both groups engaged (...) %) and flexibility (44%). Regarding the blood-based parameters, there were decreases in protein carbonylation (46%) and nitric oxide (60%) and increases in glutathione (170%) and superoxide dismutase (160%) in the depression group (p<0.005).The aquatic exercise program reduces depression and anxiety, improves functional autonomy and decreases oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals.

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

27. Effects of elastic band exercise on the frailty states in pre-frail elderly people. (PubMed)

Effects of elastic band exercise on the frailty states in pre-frail elderly people. To discuss the effects of elastic band exercise on the frailty states in pre-frail elderly people.This study was a randomized controlled trial. Trial registration number is ChiCTR-IOC-17012579. Seventy pre-frail elderly people were randomly divided into elastic band group (n = 35) and control group (n = 35). Elastic band exercise was applied to elastic band group, 45-60 min per time for 8 weeks by 3 days a week (...) activity after 8-week intervention (P< 0.05). Within-group analysis (pre-intervention vs. after 4-week, after 4-week vs after 8-week, pre-intervention vs after 8-week) showed significant improvements (P< 0.001) in grip strength (female/male) and walking speed in the elastic band group over time, while no significant differences in the control group (P > 0.05).Elastic band exercise can improve frailty states in pre-frail elderly people, make them broke away from pre-frailty and restore them to non

2019 Physiotherapy theory and practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

28. Aerobic exercise increases hippocampal subfield volumes in younger adults and prevents volume decline in the elderly. (PubMed)

Aerobic exercise increases hippocampal subfield volumes in younger adults and prevents volume decline in the elderly. Exercise improves both physical and mental health and increases neurogenesis in the dendate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus. The aim of this study was to examine whether exercising, as compared to no change in regular physical activity, would impact on hippocampal volume, and in particular the core hippocampal structures, DG and cornu ammonis (CA) subfields, and whether any (...) changes would be moderated by age. Thirty nine previously sedentary healthy participants were randomized to either a standardized progressive aerobic exercise program or to "no change" for 16 weeks. Mental health including profile of mood states (POMS), was assessed before and every 4 weeks during the program. Magnetic resonance imaging to examine hippocampal subfields was carried out before and after the program. Aerobic exercise resulted in a significant improvement of the POMS item 'vigour

2019 Brain imaging and behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

29. Assessment of the effects of a group intervention program used in home-dwelling elderly individuals to promote home exercise and prevent locomotive syndrome. (PubMed)

Assessment of the effects of a group intervention program used in home-dwelling elderly individuals to promote home exercise and prevent locomotive syndrome. [Purpose] We assessed the effects of a group intervention program used in home-dwelling elderly individuals to promote home exercise and prevent locomotive syndrome. [Participants and Methods] Pre- and post-intervention evaluations were performed in all participants. Group intervention was performed thrice between the pre- and post (...) -intervention evaluations in all participants. A total of 19 elderly individuals participated in the pre- and post-intervention evaluations. Tests used for evaluation were the two-step test, standing-up test, and 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale. [Results] Among all participants in this study, 12 who performed all 3 aforementioned tests were classified as the non-absence group, whereas 7 who were absent more than once were classified as the absence group. We examined intergroup differences

2019 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

30. Effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and quality of life of community-dwelling elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: A randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and quality of life of community-dwelling elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: A randomised controlled trial. Individuals with mild cognitive impairment have a heightened risk of developing dementia. Physical exercise, especially moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, is a promising lifestyle intervention to improve the cognitive function of this patient group. However, the mechanisms underlying (...) the exercise-cognition relationship are not fully understood. Whether the cognitive benefits of physical exercise can improve the overall well-being of this group remains unknown. This study aims to address these research gaps in the under-researched Chinese population.This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and health-related quality of life of Chinese elderly with mild cognitive impairment and to explore the mediating roles

2019 International journal of nursing studies Controlled trial quality: predicted high

31. The effects of exercise and milk-fat globule membrane (MFGM) on walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declines in walking ability: A randomized placebo controlled trial. (PubMed)

The effects of exercise and milk-fat globule membrane (MFGM) on walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declines in walking ability: A randomized placebo controlled trial. To investigate the effects of exercise and milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) supplementation on walking ability and walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declined walking ability.A randomized placebo controlled trial was performed on 126 elderly community-dwelling (...) women over 79 years old. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four three-month interventions: exercise and MFGM (Ex + MFGM), exercise and placebo (Ex + P), MFGM, and placebo interventions. The exercise intervention group performed one-hour progressive exercise classes twice a week. The MFGM supplementation included ingesting 1 g of MFGM per day. Medical history, physical function measurements included grip strength, knee extension strength, walking speed, as well as walking parameters

2019 Archives of gerontology and geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

32. Aerobic Exercise Training with Brisk Walking Increases Intestinal Bacteroides in Healthy Elderly Women. (PubMed)

Aerobic Exercise Training with Brisk Walking Increases Intestinal Bacteroides in Healthy Elderly Women. This study examined the effect of an exercise intervention on the composition of the intestinal microbiota in healthy elderly women. Thirty-two sedentary women that were aged 65 years and older participated in a 12-week, non-randomized comparative trial. The subjects were allocated to two groups receiving different exercise interventions, trunk muscle training (TM), or aerobic exercise (...) abundance of intestinal Bacteroides only significantly increased in the AE group, particularly in subjects showing increases in the time spent in brisk walking. Overall, the increases in intestinal Bacteroides following the exercise intervention were associated with increases in 6MWD. In conclusion, aerobic exercise training that targets an increase of the time spent in brisk walking may increase intestinal Bacteroides in association with improved cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy elderly women.

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". (PubMed)

Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". 31103099 2019 10 16 2019 10 16 1532-9283 23 2 2019 04 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies J Bodyw Mov Ther Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". 231 S1360-8592(19)30084-1 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.013 Dasgupta Aurodeep A Department (...) Bodyw Mov Ther 9700068 1360-8592 IM J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2019 Apr;23(2):390-393 31103125 Exercise Exercise Movement Techniques Exercise Therapy Quality of Life 2019 02 14 2019 02 14 2019 5 20 6 0 2019 5 20 6 0 2019 10 17 6 0 ppublish 31103099 S1360-8592(19)30084-1 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.013

2019 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

34. Feasibility and Health Effects of a 15-Week Combined Exercise Programme for Sedentary Elderly: A Randomised Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Feasibility and Health Effects of a 15-Week Combined Exercise Programme for Sedentary Elderly: A Randomised Controlled Trial. There is strong evidence that considerable health benefits can be achieved even with small amounts of physical activity. However, getting people to exercise regularly is a major challenge not least in the elderly population. This study investigated the feasibility and physiological health effects of a pragmatic 15-week exercise programme for sedentary elderly (...) . In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 45 sedentary 60-83-year-olds (25 women, 20 men) were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to a training group (TG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=15). The training in TG consisted of a combination of exercise modalities (i.e., strength, aerobic fitness, stability, and flexibility training) performed once a week as supervised group-based training and a weekly home-based training for 15 weeks. Feasibility outcomes were exercise intensity, adherence, and adverse

2019 BioMed research international Controlled trial quality: predicted high

35. Improvement in muscular strength and aerobic capacities in elderly people occurs independently of physical training type or exercise model. (PubMed)

Improvement in muscular strength and aerobic capacities in elderly people occurs independently of physical training type or exercise model. Progressive decline of physiological processes with aging is normal. Aging is also associated with decreased functional capacity and onset of many diseases. This study evaluated the changes in physical fitness (PF), body composition (BC), and lipid profile (LP) in elderly men completing different training protocols.Fifty-five men (age 60-80 years) were (...) randomized into the following groups: without training, aerobic training on dry land, combined training on dry land, and combined training in water. Training was conducted for 8 weeks, and PF, LP, and BC were assessed at the beginning and end of the intervention.Significant improvements were observed in all parameters; however, combined programs on land or in water were more effective at improving strength and aerobic fitness. Combined exercise produced greater effects on BC and LP and some muscle

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

36. Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly

Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Effects of Physical Exercise, Virtual Reality and Brain Exercise on Balance of the Elderly The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03118414 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : April 18, 2017 Last Update Posted : April 18, 2017 Sponsor: Mahidol University

2017 Clinical Trials

37. Regular physical exercise improves cardiac autonomic and muscle vasodilatory responses to isometric exercise in healthy elderly (PubMed)

Regular physical exercise improves cardiac autonomic and muscle vasodilatory responses to isometric exercise in healthy elderly The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and muscle vasodilation response during isometric exercise in sedentary and physically active older adults. Twenty healthy participants, 10 sedentary and 10 physically active older adults, were evaluated and paired by gender, age, and body mass index. Sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac activity (...) (spectral and symbolic heart rate analysis) and muscle blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured for 10 minutes at rest (baseline) and during 3 minutes of isometric handgrip exercise at 30% of the maximum voluntary contraction (sympathetic excitatory maneuver). Variables were analyzed at baseline and during 3 minutes of isometric exercise. Cardiac autonomic parameters were analyzed by Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. Muscle vasodilatory response was analyzed by repeated-measures

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2017 Clinical interventions in aging

38. Myofascial Pain Syndrome in the Elderly and Self-Exercise: A Single-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Myofascial Pain Syndrome in the Elderly and Self-Exercise: A Single-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Trial. This study aimed to demonstrate the effect of self-exercise with a therapeutic inflatable ball (SEIB) in elderly patients with myofascial pain syndrome.Single-blind, randomized, controlled noninferiority trial.University campus.Forty elderly patients with myofascial pain syndrome completed the study. They were randomly allocated to SEIB (n = 22; mean age, 70.23 ± 6.11 years) or ultrasound (...)  = 0.159). In within-group comparisons, both groups presented significant differences in VAS (SEIB after 1 week and US after 1 week), PPT (SEIB after 3 weeks and US after 4 weeks), and CLF (SEIB after 4 weeks and US after 4 weeks) compared with baseline values.SEIB for 4 weeks has an effect similar to that of US for desensitizing myofascial pain and increasing joint flexibility. High accessibility and low cost would make SEIB a practical self-treatment method in elderly patients with myofascial pain

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2016 Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39. Unstructured Exercise Programs for Elderly Hospitalized Patients

Unstructured Exercise Programs for Elderly Hospitalized Patients TITLE: Unstructured Exercise Programs for Elderly Hospitalized Patients: Clinical Effectiveness DATE: 17 May 2013 RESEARCH QUESTION What is the clinical effectiveness of unstructured exercise programs (or walking programs) for elderly hospitalized patients? KEY MESSAGE No studies were identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of unstructured exercise programs or walking programs for elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS (...) . The search was also limited to English language documents published between January 1, 2008 and May 13, 2013. Internet links were provided, where available. RESULTS No health technology assessment reports, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, or non-randomized studies regarding the clinical effectiveness of unstructured exercise programs or walking programs for elderly hospitalized patients was were identified in the literature search. One reference of potential interest

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

40. Association between Physical Exercise and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress among Middle-Aged and Elderly Community Residents with Essential Hypertension in China (PubMed)

Association between Physical Exercise and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress among Middle-Aged and Elderly Community Residents with Essential Hypertension in China This study aimed to investigate the role of different types and frequencies of physical exercise in biomarkers of oxidative stress among middle-aged and elderly community residents with essential hypertension in China. A community-based cross-sectional survey was undertaken in 7 subdistricts. Individuals, 45-79 years old, with essential (...) hypertension (n = 402) and without cardiovascular disease (n = 1047) were included. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and plasma levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) were determined. Multilevel linear regression was used to estimate the associations between various types of physical exercise and oxidative stress biomarker levels. Participants engaged in high frequency walking/square dancing or taiji/yoga demonstrated decreased systolic blood pressure in both groups; however

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2018 BioMed research international

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