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Exercise in the Elderly

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21. Physical activity: exercise referral schemes

NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 6 of 46What is this guideline about? What is this guideline about? This guideline makes recommendations on exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity for people aged 19 and older. It is an update of recommendation 5 in 'Four commonly used methods to increase physical activity' (NICE public health guidance 2). NICE has already recommended structured exercise (...) schemes for people aged 19 and older, in particular, those who are inactive or sedentary. The aim is to encourage people to be physically active. Who is it for? Policy makers and commissioners in local authorities and the NHS Primary care practitioners and other practitioners with physical activity as part of their remit Providers of exercise referral schemes Organisations that provide exercise qualifications and accreditation Members of the public Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54) ©

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

22. Cross-sectional and prospective associations between sleep, screen time, active school travel, sports/exercise participation and physical activity in children and adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cross-sectional and prospective associations between sleep, screen time, active school travel, sports/exercise participation and physical activity in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate how sleep, screen time, active school travel and sport and/or exercise participation associates with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in nationally representative samples of Norwegian 9- and 15-y-olds, and whether these four behaviors at age nine predict change in MVPA (...) from age nine to 15 years.We pooled cross-sectional accelerometer and questionnaire data from 9- (n = 2366) and 15-y-olds (n = 1554) that participated in the first (2005/06) and second (2011/12) wave of the Physical Activity among Norwegian Children Study to investigate cross-sectional associations. To investigate prospective associations, we used data from a sub-sample that participated in both waves (at age nine and 15 years, n = 517).Cross-sectional analyses indicated a modest, inverse

2018 BMC Public Health

23. New Insights into the Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise for Aging and Chronic Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

New Insights into the Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise for Aging and Chronic Disease 29118896 2019 01 07 2019 01 07 1942-0994 2017 2017 Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity Oxid Med Cell Longev New Insights into the Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise for Aging and Chronic Disease. 2503767 10.1155/2017/2503767 Turner James E JE 0000-0003-2427-1430 Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK. Lira Vitor A VA 0000-0002-3162-3804 Department (...) of Health and Human Physiology, Obesity Research and Educational Initiative, Fraternal Order of Eagles Diabetes Research Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. Brum Patricia C PC 0000-0002-4750-6506 School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Mello de Morais, 65 - Cidade Universitária, 05508-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. eng Editorial Introductory Journal Article 2017 10 08 United States Oxid Med Cell Longev 101479826 1942-0994 IM Aging physiology Chronic

2017 Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity

24. Sexual Activity the Night Before Exercise Does Not Affect Various Measures of Physical Exercise Performance. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sexual Activity the Night Before Exercise Does Not Affect Various Measures of Physical Exercise Performance. The idea that sexual activity can affect athletic performance has been a matter of conjecture for the past several decades.To provide preliminary data on whether sexual activity the evening before several physical exercise performance tests affects performance the next day.Eight participants (mean age, 28 ± 5 years) underwent several physical exercise performance tests on 3 different (...) , grip strength, or reaction time across the 3 conditions.Orgasm through sexual activity on the night before physical exercise may reduce SBP; however, we were unable to demonstrate a statistically significant difference in physical exercise performance in any of the 3 conditions. Zavorsky GS, Vouyoukas E, Pfaus JG. Sexual Activity the Night Before Exercise Does Not Affect Various Measures of Physical Exercise Performance. Sex Med 2019;XX:XXX-XXX.Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier

2019 Sexual Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

25. Exercise referral schemes enhanced by self-management strategies to reduce sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity among community-dwelling older adults from four European countries: protocol for the process evaluation of the SITLESS randomised Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exercise referral schemes enhanced by self-management strategies to reduce sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity among community-dwelling older adults from four European countries: protocol for the process evaluation of the SITLESS randomised SITLESS is a randomised controlled trial determining whether exercise referral schemes can be enhanced by self-management strategies to reduce sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity in the long term, in community-dwelling older (...) observational checklists and attendance registries, standardised scales (ie, Marcus's Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, Physical Activity Self-Regulation Scale and the Lubben Social Network Scale) at baseline, postintervention and follow-up assessments, semistructured questionnaires gathering contextual characteristics, and participant observations of the sessions. Semistructured interviews and focus groups with the participants and trainers are conducted at postintervention and during the follow-up to explore

2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. Optimization of the Effects of Physical Activity on Plantar Sensation and Postural Control With Barefoot Exercises in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study. (Abstract)

Optimization of the Effects of Physical Activity on Plantar Sensation and Postural Control With Barefoot Exercises in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study. Increasing somatosensory information from the foot by exercising barefoot can potentially optimize the effectiveness of physical exercise interventions on falls prevention in the older adults. This pilot study was then undertaken to explore the effects of increased somatosensory information from the foot by exercising barefoot (...) on balance, gait, and plantar cutaneous sensitivity in institutionalized older adults involved in multimodal exercise intervention. Participants were assigned to three groups: a control group which did not perform any physical exercise and two groups in which they were involved in a multimodal exercise program performed barefoot or shod. Postural, gait, and plantar cutaneous sensitivity parameters were collected. The results showed that the exercise program produced larger effects on balance and plantar

2019 Journal of aging and physical activity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

27. Customized exercise programs implemented by physical therapists improve exercise-related self-efficacy and promote behavioral changes in elderly individuals without regular exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Customized exercise programs implemented by physical therapists improve exercise-related self-efficacy and promote behavioral changes in elderly individuals without regular exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Specialized, individualized exercise programs that increase self-efficacy (SE) are essential for the development and maintenance of regular exercise. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of customized exercise programs (CEPs) implemented by physical therapists (...) in improving exercise-related SE and promoting behavioral changes among elderly individuals who do not exercise regularly compared with commonly prescribed exercises.In this randomized controlled study, the sampling frame consisted of participants in an annual town-sponsored medical check-up. The inclusion criteria were no regular exercise and age of 65-74 years at enrollment. The subjects in the intervention group (CEP group) were instructed to perform individualized exercises prescribed based

2019 BMC Public Health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

28. Effectiveness of Later-Stage Exercise Programs vs Usual Medical Care on Physical Function and Activity After Total Knee Replacement: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of Later-Stage Exercise Programs vs Usual Medical Care on Physical Function and Activity After Total Knee Replacement: A Randomized Clinical Trial Several functional limitations persist after total knee replacement (TKR). Intensive exercise programs could resolve these limitations but are not well tolerated by many patients until a later stage (>2 months) after surgery. Evidence for exercise at a later stage after TKR is limited.To compare the effectiveness of later-stage exercise (...) germane to knee replacement and additional surveys of physical function. Data were analyzed by linear mixed models and responder analysis.A total of 240 participants (mean [SD] age, 70 [7] years; 61.7% female) were allocated to physical therapy (n = 96), community exercise (n = 96), or control (n = 48). All 3 arms demonstrated clinically important improvement. At 3 months, between-arm analyses for the WOMAC-PF demonstrated no differences between physical therapy and community (-2.2; 98.3% CI, -4.5

2019 EvidenceUpdates

29. Physical exercise training effect and mediation through cardiorespiratory fitness on dual-task performances differ in younger-old and older-old adults. (Abstract)

Physical exercise training effect and mediation through cardiorespiratory fitness on dual-task performances differ in younger-old and older-old adults. It has often been reported that dual-task performance declines with age. Physical exercise can help improve cognition, but these improvements could depend on cognitive functions and age groups. Moreover, the mechanisms supporting this enhancement are not fully elucidated. This study investigated the impacts of physical exercise on single (...) and dual-task performance in younger-old (<70) and older-old (70+) adults. The study also assessed whether the training effect on cognition was mediated by improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness.One-hundred forty-three participants (65 to 89 years) took part in a physical exercise intervention for three months or were assigned to a control group. All participants completed a dual-task paradigm and an estimated measure of cardiorespiratory fitness. Regression models were used to test the training

2019 The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

30. Long-term functional outcomes after cardiac rehabilitation in older patients. Data from the Cardiac Rehabilitation in Advanced aGE: EXercise TRaining and Active follow-up (CR-AGE EXTRA) randomised study. (Abstract)

Long-term functional outcomes after cardiac rehabilitation in older patients. Data from the Cardiac Rehabilitation in Advanced aGE: EXercise TRaining and Active follow-up (CR-AGE EXTRA) randomised study. Cardiac rehabilitation promotes functional recovery after cardiac events. Our study aimed at evaluating whether, compared to usual care, a home-based exercise programme with monthly reinforcement sessions adds long-term functional benefits to those obtained with cardiac rehabilitation (...) in the elderly.After a 4-week outpatient cardiac rehabilitation, 160 of 197 patients aged 75 years and older screened for eligibility with different indications for cardiac rehabilitation, were randomly assigned to a control (C) or an active treatment (T) group. During a 12-month follow-up, C patients received usual care, while T patients were prescribed a standardised set of home-based exercises with centre-based monthly reinforcements for the first 6 months. The main (peak oxygen consumption) and three secondary

2019 European journal of preventive cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

31. Are self-perceptions of ageing modifiable? Examination of an exercise programme with vs. without a self-perceptions of ageing-intervention for older adults. (Abstract)

Are self-perceptions of ageing modifiable? Examination of an exercise programme with vs. without a self-perceptions of ageing-intervention for older adults. Longitudinal studies have consistently shown beneficial effects of positive self-perceptions of ageing (SPA) on health. However, SPA are more often negative than positive, particularly in older adults. For this reason, the present study tested the effectiveness of an intervention to promote more positive SPA in the context of an exercise (...) programme for older adults.Eighty-four community-dwelling older adults (66-88 years; M(SD)=76.8(5.29)) were randomly assigned to a group-based exercise programme over 12 weeks with (n = 46) or without (n = 38) a psychological intervention to change SPA, consisting of four intervention units over the programme period.A gain- and a loss-related domain of SPA were assessed at baseline, after the first half of the programme, directly after the programme and in a follow-up four weeks later.Latent change

2019 Psychology & health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

32. Changes in Physical Fitness After 12 Weeks of Structured Concurrent Exercise Training, High Intensity Interval Training, or Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Training in Sedentary Middle-Aged Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in Physical Fitness After 12 Weeks of Structured Concurrent Exercise Training, High Intensity Interval Training, or Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Training in Sedentary Middle-Aged Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. This study aimed to investigate the influence of different exercise training modalities [(i) a concurrent training based on physical activity recommendation from the World Health Organization group (PAR group), (ii) a high intensity interval training group (HIIT group (...) ), and (iii) a high intensity interval training adding whole-body electromyostimulation group (WB-EMS group)] on physical fitness in sedentary middle-aged adults. A total of 89 (52.7% women) middle-aged sedentary adults (53.7 ± 5.1 years old) were enrolled in the FIT-AGING study. Cardiorespiratory fitness was determined by a maximum treadmill test using indirect calorimetry. Lower, upper, and core body muscular strength were assessed by an isokinetic strength test, by the handgrip strength test

2019 Frontiers in physiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Intervention with a combined physical exercise training to reduce oxidative stress of women over 40 years of age. (Abstract)

Intervention with a combined physical exercise training to reduce oxidative stress of women over 40 years of age. Exercise training has been shown to be one of the most important lifestyle factor for improving functional performance and health status. Nevertheless, and although some evidence exists about the effects of aerobic training on oxidative stress, there is scarce information concerning the effects of combined exercise training (aerobic and strength training) in oxidative stress (...) activity (CAT) were performed before and after the 16-week intervention with combined exercise. The results showed an improvement of overall physical and functional performance as well as a significant decrease in waist perimeter and systolic blood pressure after the exercise program intervention. Regarding the biochemical measures, the exercise training induced a significant decrease in oxidative damage, and a significant increase in the TAC (p < 0.05). The results indicate that combined exercise

2019 Experimental Gerontology

34. Does physical exercise prevent or treat acute respiratory infection (ARI)?

respiratory inflammation and infection caused by COVID-19. In (as of 16 April 2020), 12 prospective studies of COVID-19 include physical activity or exercise as a metric. Of these studies (n=7) plan to study exercise or meditation (n=1) intervention to improve stress or quality of life during social isolation. Two studies will observe COVID-19 effect on physical activity (Author 1: Ertürk, Turkey; Author 2: Avcil, Turkey). One study (Author: Péter, Hungary) will test efficacy of general health education (...) (including physical activity advice) to decrease rates of hospitalisation and access to health services for COVID-19 disease. One listed study plans to implement a telerehabilitation program to COVID-19 patients measuring primary outcomes: VAS for dyspnea, Modified Borg scale for fatigue, Leicester Cough Questionnaire, Timed Up and Go,… (Author 1. Cirak, Turkey). In summary, two of 585 registered trials ( clinicaltrials.gov ) aim to test effectiveness of exercise or physical activity for treatment

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

35. Active lifestyles in older adults: an integrated predictive model of physical activity and exercise Full Text available with Trip Pro

Active lifestyles in older adults: an integrated predictive model of physical activity and exercise Physical activity and exercise have been identified as behaviors to preserve physical and mental health in older adults. The aim of the present study was to test the Integrated Behavior Change model in exercise and physical activity behaviors. The study evaluated two different samples of older adults: the first engaged in exercise class, the second doing spontaneous physical activity. The key (...) analyses relied on Variance-Based Structural Modeling, which were performed by means of WARP PLS 6.0 statistical software. The analyses estimated the Integrated Behavior Change model in predicting exercise and physical activity, in a longitudinal design across two months of assessment. The tested models exhibited a good fit with the observed data derived from the model focusing on exercise, as well as with those derived from the model focusing on physical activity. Results showed, also, some effects

2018 Oncotarget

36. Enhancing Physical Activity Levels of Frail Older People With a Wearable Activity Tracker-based Exercise Intervention

physical activity levels in frail or pre-frail older people. One group of participants will receive a WAT-based exercise intervention incorporated with the support of behavioral change techniques (BCTs) and technical issues, while the other group will receive only an exercise intervention incorporated with BCTs support. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Frail Elderly Other: WAT Not Applicable Detailed Description: Six community centres, which provide similar types of community care (...) for Elderly-Chinese (PASE-C) score in the lowest quartile (i.e., < 30 for men and < 27.7 for women). The presence of 1-2 indicates pre-frailty, > 3 items indicates frailty. Exclusion Criteria are older people who: have any physical conditions that hamper their performance of the exercise programme or use of the WAT, such as visual or hearing problems. regularly engage in moderately intense exercise (such as hiking, Tai Chi) for > 3 hours per week. Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National

2018 Clinical Trials

37. Moderation of the association between chronic medical conditions and functional limitations over time by physical activity: Effects of age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Moderation of the association between chronic medical conditions and functional limitations over time by physical activity: Effects of age. Age-related accumulation of chronic medical conditions increases disability in older adults. Physical activity potently combats chronic conditions and disability. However, it is unclear whether activity maintenance alleviates the effects of chronic conditions on disability and if this buffering effect differs with age. This study examined whether long-term (...) physical activity can forestall functional limitations in the face of accumulating chronic conditions among middle-aged and older adults.Participants (n = 2,119; 54.7% female) were from the Survey of Midlife Development in the United States. Self-reported physical activity, number of chronic conditions, and functional limitations were obtained across 18-20 years. Functional limitations were regressed against the change in chronic conditions, physical activity, and their interaction over time in a multi

2019 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

38. The characteristics, components and fidelity of interventions promoting exercise and physical activity in people with musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review

The characteristics, components and fidelity of interventions promoting exercise and physical activity in people with musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method

2019 PROSPERO

39. Positive Effects of "Textured Lunches" Gatherings and Oral Exercises Combined with Physical Exercises on Oral and Physical Function in Older Individuals: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Positive Effects of "Textured Lunches" Gatherings and Oral Exercises Combined with Physical Exercises on Oral and Physical Function in Older Individuals: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Proper nutrition and physical exercises are essential to prevent frailty in older adults. Proper masticatory performance and oral function may influence on physical activities as well since the mouth is the entrance of nutrition and digestion. Thus, the present study aimed to test the combined program (...) significantly in the intervention group (p=0.031), but not in the control group. Physical properties and activities, including body fat percentage and results of the timed up and go test, decreased more significantly in the intervention group than in controls (p<0.05).Our findings suggest that a combined program of textured lunch gatherings with oral and physical exercises may improve physical and oral function as a preventative approach for frailty in community-dwelling older adults.

2019 The journal of nutrition, health & aging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

40. A mixed methods study of Tai Chi exercise for patients with chronic heart failure aged 70 years and older Full Text available with Trip Pro

A mixed methods study of Tai Chi exercise for patients with chronic heart failure aged 70 years and older This study aimed to evaluate Tai Chi group training among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) aged 70 years and older.Physical activity is recommended for CHF treatment. Tai Chi is found to be beneficial to different patient groups, although few studies focus on older patients with CHF.A mixed methods study. Participants were randomly assigned to Tai Chi training twice a week for 16 (...) form of physical exercise for patients with CHF aged over 70 years despite lack of achieved health improvement. Further investigations, using feasibility and meaningfulness as outcome variables seems to be useful.

2018 Nursing open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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