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Exercise in the Elderly

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21. Positive influence of aqua exercise and burdock extract intake on fitness factors and vascular regulation substances in elderly. (Full text)

Positive influence of aqua exercise and burdock extract intake on fitness factors and vascular regulation substances in elderly. Health issues in elderly individuals are often complex and tend to lead to chronic diseases; such issues can be due to a decline in fitness resulting from lack of physical activity. Aqua exercise and burdock are positive effects on cardiovascular disease and vascular health. This study investigated the changes due to aqua exercise and burdock extract intake in senior (...) fitness, prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in elderly women. Forty elderly women (65-80 years) volunteered for this study. After baseline measurements, participants were randomized into control (n = 8), aqua exercise (n = 11), aqua exercise and burdock extract intake combination (n = 11), and burdock extract intake groups (n = 10). The variables of senior fitness tests, PGI2 and TXA2 were measured in all participants before and after the 12-week study. Blood collections were carried

2019 Journal of clinical biochemistry and nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

22. A randomized controlled trial of exercise to prevent muscle mass and functional loss in elderly hemodialysis patients: Rationale, study design, and baseline sample. (Full text)

A randomized controlled trial of exercise to prevent muscle mass and functional loss in elderly hemodialysis patients: Rationale, study design, and baseline sample. Elderly maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients exhibit muscle wasting and impaired physical function. This trial determines whether MHD patients benefit from a 12-week home-based exercise program, protein supplementation, or both.and Methods: This is a randomized, blinded controlled trial involving 60 elderly MHD patients (...) with impaired exercise capacity and function. Patients are randomized into either a homebased exercise program or normal care over a 12-week period. Measures at baseline include peak VO2, strength and body composition as well as cognitive and disease-specific questionnaires. Muscle biopsies are obtained and analyzed for protein signaling, expression of IGF-1, androgen receptors, and myostatin.At baseline, patient characteristics in the exercise and normal care groups were similar by age, gender

2019 Contemporary clinical trials communications Controlled trial quality: uncertain

23. Effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and quality of life of community-dwelling elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: A randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and quality of life of community-dwelling elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: A randomised controlled trial. Individuals with mild cognitive impairment have a heightened risk of developing dementia. Physical exercise, especially moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, is a promising lifestyle intervention to improve the cognitive function of this patient group. However, the mechanisms underlying (...) the exercise-cognition relationship are not fully understood. Whether the cognitive benefits of physical exercise can improve the overall well-being of this group remains unknown. This study aims to address these research gaps in the under-researched Chinese population.This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and health-related quality of life of Chinese elderly with mild cognitive impairment and to explore the mediating roles

2019 International journal of nursing studies Controlled trial quality: predicted high

24. The effects of exercise and milk-fat globule membrane (MFGM) on walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declines in walking ability: A randomized placebo controlled trial. (PubMed)

The effects of exercise and milk-fat globule membrane (MFGM) on walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declines in walking ability: A randomized placebo controlled trial. To investigate the effects of exercise and milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) supplementation on walking ability and walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declined walking ability.A randomized placebo controlled trial was performed on 126 elderly community-dwelling (...) women over 79 years old. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four three-month interventions: exercise and MFGM (Ex + MFGM), exercise and placebo (Ex + P), MFGM, and placebo interventions. The exercise intervention group performed one-hour progressive exercise classes twice a week. The MFGM supplementation included ingesting 1 g of MFGM per day. Medical history, physical function measurements included grip strength, knee extension strength, walking speed, as well as walking parameters

2019 Archives of gerontology and geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

25. Aerobic Exercise Training with Brisk Walking Increases Intestinal Bacteroides in Healthy Elderly Women. (Full text)

Aerobic Exercise Training with Brisk Walking Increases Intestinal Bacteroides in Healthy Elderly Women. This study examined the effect of an exercise intervention on the composition of the intestinal microbiota in healthy elderly women. Thirty-two sedentary women that were aged 65 years and older participated in a 12-week, non-randomized comparative trial. The subjects were allocated to two groups receiving different exercise interventions, trunk muscle training (TM), or aerobic exercise (...) abundance of intestinal Bacteroides only significantly increased in the AE group, particularly in subjects showing increases in the time spent in brisk walking. Overall, the increases in intestinal Bacteroides following the exercise intervention were associated with increases in 6MWD. In conclusion, aerobic exercise training that targets an increase of the time spent in brisk walking may increase intestinal Bacteroides in association with improved cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy elderly women.

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". (PubMed)

Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". 31103099 2019 10 16 2019 10 16 1532-9283 23 2 2019 04 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies J Bodyw Mov Ther Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". 231 S1360-8592(19)30084-1 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.013 Dasgupta Aurodeep A Department (...) Bodyw Mov Ther 9700068 1360-8592 IM J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2019 Apr;23(2):390-393 31103125 Exercise Exercise Movement Techniques Exercise Therapy Quality of Life 2019 02 14 2019 02 14 2019 5 20 6 0 2019 5 20 6 0 2019 10 17 6 0 ppublish 31103099 S1360-8592(19)30084-1 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.013

2019 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

27. Combined exercise training improves blood pressure and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with hypertension. (Full text)

Combined exercise training improves blood pressure and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with hypertension. Although regular exercise plays a role in achieving healthy aging, a specific mode of exercise may be required for elderly individuals with hypertension (HT). Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effects of combined endurance and strength training (CBT) on blood pressure (BP) and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with HT.In a single-blinded, randomized controlled (...) , after the self-supervised training period, the CBT program might affect better due to greater exercise adherence and attendance in elderly individuals with HT.

2019 Journal of exercise science and fitness Controlled trial quality: uncertain

28. Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial. This study evaluated the influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life (QOL) of sedentary elderly women. Twenty-four elderly women (aged 64.8 ± 3 years) participated in this study. Participants were divided into two groups: a Pilates Group (PG) and a Control Group (CG). The women in the PG performed 30-min sessions of Pilates (on the ground and using (...) appliances) twice a week over six months. To evaluate the QOL, the SF-36 survey was used. The PG achieved significant improvements in 7 out of 8 domains in the survey: functional capacity (p = 0.00), physical aspects (p = 0.03), pain (p = 0.00), general health condition (p = 0.04), vitality (p = 0.02), social aspects (p = 0.03) and mental health (p = 0.05). Our results showed that implementation of a Pilates program can improve QOL of sedentary elderly women.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

2019 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

29. Improvement in muscular strength and aerobic capacities in elderly people occurs independently of physical training type or exercise model. (Full text)

Improvement in muscular strength and aerobic capacities in elderly people occurs independently of physical training type or exercise model. Progressive decline of physiological processes with aging is normal. Aging is also associated with decreased functional capacity and onset of many diseases. This study evaluated the changes in physical fitness (PF), body composition (BC), and lipid profile (LP) in elderly men completing different training protocols.Fifty-five men (age 60-80 years) were (...) randomized into the following groups: without training, aerobic training on dry land, combined training on dry land, and combined training in water. Training was conducted for 8 weeks, and PF, LP, and BC were assessed at the beginning and end of the intervention.Significant improvements were observed in all parameters; however, combined programs on land or in water were more effective at improving strength and aerobic fitness. Combined exercise produced greater effects on BC and LP and some muscle

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

30. Fat Soluble Vitamins in Institutionalized Elderly and the Effect of Exercise, Nutrition and Cognitive Training on Their Status-The Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS): A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Full text)

Fat Soluble Vitamins in Institutionalized Elderly and the Effect of Exercise, Nutrition and Cognitive Training on Their Status-The Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS): A Randomized Controlled Trial. Institutionalized elderly are at higher risk for micronutrient deficiency. In particular, fat soluble micronutrients, which additionally have antioxidative function, are of interest. The purpose of this secondary investigation of the Vienna Active Ageing Study was to assess and evaluate the plasma (...) status of retinol, alpha- and gamma-tocopherol, alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin, and lycopene, as well as vitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of institutionalized elderly. We further determined the effect of six months strength training with or without supplementing (antioxidant) vitamins and protein on the plasma status of these ten micronutrients.Three groups (n = 117, age = 83.1 ± 6.1 years)-resistance training (RT), RT combined with protein and vitamin supplementation

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain

31. Feasibility and Health Effects of a 15-Week Combined Exercise Programme for Sedentary Elderly: A Randomised Controlled Trial. (Full text)

Feasibility and Health Effects of a 15-Week Combined Exercise Programme for Sedentary Elderly: A Randomised Controlled Trial. There is strong evidence that considerable health benefits can be achieved even with small amounts of physical activity. However, getting people to exercise regularly is a major challenge not least in the elderly population. This study investigated the feasibility and physiological health effects of a pragmatic 15-week exercise programme for sedentary elderly (...) . In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 45 sedentary 60-83-year-olds (25 women, 20 men) were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to a training group (TG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=15). The training in TG consisted of a combination of exercise modalities (i.e., strength, aerobic fitness, stability, and flexibility training) performed once a week as supervised group-based training and a weekly home-based training for 15 weeks. Feasibility outcomes were exercise intensity, adherence, and adverse

2019 BioMed research international Controlled trial quality: predicted high

32. Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. (Full text)

Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress parameters in depressed elderly individuals.Initially, ninety-two elderly individuals were included in the study and were allocated into the depression group (n=16) and nondepression group (n=14). Both groups engaged (...) %) and flexibility (44%). Regarding the blood-based parameters, there were decreases in protein carbonylation (46%) and nitric oxide (60%) and increases in glutathione (170%) and superoxide dismutase (160%) in the depression group (p<0.005).The aquatic exercise program reduces depression and anxiety, improves functional autonomy and decreases oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals.

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Aerobic exercise increases hippocampal subfield volumes in younger adults and prevents volume decline in the elderly. (PubMed)

Aerobic exercise increases hippocampal subfield volumes in younger adults and prevents volume decline in the elderly. Exercise improves both physical and mental health and increases neurogenesis in the dendate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus. The aim of this study was to examine whether exercising, as compared to no change in regular physical activity, would impact on hippocampal volume, and in particular the core hippocampal structures, DG and cornu ammonis (CA) subfields, and whether any (...) changes would be moderated by age. Thirty nine previously sedentary healthy participants were randomized to either a standardized progressive aerobic exercise program or to "no change" for 16 weeks. Mental health including profile of mood states (POMS), was assessed before and every 4 weeks during the program. Magnetic resonance imaging to examine hippocampal subfields was carried out before and after the program. Aerobic exercise resulted in a significant improvement of the POMS item 'vigour

2019 Brain imaging and behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

34. Effects of elastic band exercise on the frailty states in pre-frail elderly people. (PubMed)

Effects of elastic band exercise on the frailty states in pre-frail elderly people. To discuss the effects of elastic band exercise on the frailty states in pre-frail elderly people.This study was a randomized controlled trial. Trial registration number is ChiCTR-IOC-17012579. Seventy pre-frail elderly people were randomly divided into elastic band group (n = 35) and control group (n = 35). Elastic band exercise was applied to elastic band group, 45-60 min per time for 8 weeks by 3 days a week (...) activity after 8-week intervention (P< 0.05). Within-group analysis (pre-intervention vs. after 4-week, after 4-week vs after 8-week, pre-intervention vs after 8-week) showed significant improvements (P< 0.001) in grip strength (female/male) and walking speed in the elastic band group over time, while no significant differences in the control group (P > 0.05).Elastic band exercise can improve frailty states in pre-frail elderly people, make them broke away from pre-frailty and restore them to non

2019 Physiotherapy theory and practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

35. An Ancient Boxing Exercise Improves Physical Functions, Balance, and Quality of Life in Healthy Elderly Persons. (PubMed)

An Ancient Boxing Exercise Improves Physical Functions, Balance, and Quality of Life in Healthy Elderly Persons. It has been shown that traditional dances can be effective in improving physical functions in the elderly persons. Unlike other traditional dance exercises, the ancient Thai boxing exercise may be suitable for elderly persons in other ethnicities who are interested in boxing. This randomized controlled study aimed to evaluate the effects of the exercise on physical functions (...) in elderly subjects. Healthy elderly subjects were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the ancient Thai boxing group. The control group received education about the exercise and a home program of daily practice. The ancient Thai boxing group performed the modified ancient Thai boxing exercise for 12 weeks. There were six outcomes in this study which were recorded at baseline and at the end of study (week 12) including a six-minute walk test (6MWT), five times sit

2018 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

36. A randomized controlled trial of a combined self-management and exercise intervention for elderly people with osteoarthritis of the knee: the PLE2NO program (PubMed)

A randomized controlled trial of a combined self-management and exercise intervention for elderly people with osteoarthritis of the knee: the PLE2NO program To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week self-management and exercise intervention (the PLE2NO program) in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis.Randomized controlled trial.Four different community settings.Eighty individuals aged 60 years or older with clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis enrolled in the study.A combined (...) self-management and exercise intervention (treatment group) and an educational intervention (control group).The primary outcomes were pain and other knee osteoarthritis symptoms (swelling, crackling, limitation on movement, and stiffness), self-management behaviors (communication with physician and cognitive symptom management), and functional lower limb strength. Secondary outcomes were knee osteoarthritis-specific health-related quality of life, self-perceived health, aerobic capacity, lower

2017 EvidenceUpdates

37. Aerobic physical exercise on the blood pressure of elderly hypertensive patients: systematic review

Aerobic physical exercise on the blood pressure of elderly hypertensive patients: systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2018 PROSPERO

38. The effects of exercise on elderly women with osteoporosis

The effects of exercise on elderly women with osteoporosis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing

2018 PROSPERO

39. Influence of exercise on BDNF in elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Influence of exercise on BDNF in elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2018 PROSPERO

40. Effect of multicomponent exercise in elderly at the inflammatory profile in c-reactive protein and tnf-a: systematic review with meta-analyses

Effect of multicomponent exercise in elderly at the inflammatory profile in c-reactive protein and tnf-a: systematic review with meta-analyses Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

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