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Exercise in the Elderly

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181. Motivational interviewing can support physical activity in elderly patients with diastolic heart failure: results from a pilot study. (PubMed)

Motivational interviewing can support physical activity in elderly patients with diastolic heart failure: results from a pilot study. Patients suffering from heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) report similar symptoms and reduction in quality of life to those with reduced ejection fraction but remain largely untreated. We conducted a preliminary evaluation of the acceptance, feasibility, and efficacy of a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to support elderly patients (...) suffering from HFpEF in maintaining or starting physical activity.At the conclusion of the exercise training in diastolic heart failure parent trial that examined the effects of supervised exercise, patients with HFpEF were offered participation in a two-group pilot study. Based on their preference, consenting patients were assigned to either a 6 month MI intervention group (n = 19) or their physicians' usual care (n = 20). To support participants in increasing and/or maintaining their physical activity

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2019 ESC heart failure Controlled trial quality: uncertain

182. Exercise, ageing and cognitive function - Effects of a personalized physical exercise program in the cognitive function of older adults. (PubMed)

elderly cohort, included in the AGA@4life project. The exercise program included aerobic and strength components, prescribed in a personalized approach according to the AGA@4life model, and implemented under direct control of two experienced professionals. The 33 included elderly participants were divided into two groups (intervention group -IG - and control group - CG) according to their willingness to participate in the physical training program. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Cambridge (...) Exercise, ageing and cognitive function - Effects of a personalized physical exercise program in the cognitive function of older adults. Ageing is associated with a progressive decline in cognitive function, which occurs according to heterogeneous trajectories, dependent on multiple physiological and environmental components. To tackle this major challenge, we designed a project to test the effect of a tailored physical exercise intervention program in the cognitive function of a Portuguese

2019 Physiology & behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

183. Effects of three home-based exercise programmes regarding falls, quality of life and exercise-adherence in older adults at risk of falling: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

-based exercises programmes show positive effects in fall prevention in elderly persons, existing programmes do often not include patients in the decision-making process about exercise selection. In our programme the physiotherapist and the older adult work together to select the exercises; this collaboration helps to increase health literacy, pleasure of exercising, and empowers patients to be more autonomy.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02926105 , First Posted: October 6, 2016, Last Update: November 11 (...) Effects of three home-based exercise programmes regarding falls, quality of life and exercise-adherence in older adults at risk of falling: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Fall prevention interventions with home-based exercise programmes are effective to reduce the number and the rate of falls, by reducing risk factors. They improve balance, strength, function, physical activity, but it is known that older adults' exercise adherence declines over time. However, it is unclear which

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2019 BMC Geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

184. Effectiveness of exercise training in elderly patients on hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Effectiveness of exercise training in elderly patients on hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2016 PROSPERO

185. Effects of exercise on inflammatory, oxidative and neurotrophic biomarkers on elderly with dementia or mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Effects of exercise on inflammatory, oxidative and neurotrophic biomarkers on elderly with dementia or mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2016 PROSPERO

186. Effects of exercise-induced fatigue on neuromuscular function and dynamic mechanical properties in young and elderly people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effects of exercise-induced fatigue on neuromuscular function and dynamic mechanical properties in young and elderly people: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr

2016 PROSPERO

187. Effects of physical exercise on cognitive function of mild cognitive impaired elderly

Effects of physical exercise on cognitive function of mild cognitive impaired elderly Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2016 PROSPERO

188. Exercise for depression in elderly residents of care homes: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Exercise for depression in elderly residents of care homes: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Depression is common and is associated with poor outcomes among elderly care-home residents. Exercise is a promising low-risk intervention for depression in this population. We tested the hypothesis that a moderate intensity exercise programme would reduce the burden of depressive symptoms in residents of care homes.We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in care homes in two regions (...) physiotherapist-led group exercise sessions for residents (delivered twice weekly), and a whole home component designed to encourage more physical activity in daily life. The control consisted of only the depression awareness training. Researchers collecting follow-up data from individual participants and the participants themselves were inevitably aware of home randomisation because of the physiotherapists' activities within the home. A researcher masked to study allocation coded NHS routine data

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2013 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

189. Effects of muscle stretching exercises on kyphosis in the elderly: a systematic review

Effects of muscle stretching exercises on kyphosis in the elderly: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2016 PROSPERO

190. Effects of Tai Chi exercise on bone health for elderly people: a systematic review protocol

Effects of Tai Chi exercise on bone health for elderly people: a systematic review protocol Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2015 PROSPERO

191. Effects of Aquatic Exercise on Post-exercise Hypotension

Collaborator: University Center of Joao Pessoa - UNIPE Information provided by (Responsible Party): Bruno Teixeira Barbosa, Federal University of Paraíba Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This is a randomized controlled trial. The present study involves an acute and chronic intervention, which is a water-based exercise (one session: to acute intervention; 12-weeks of aquatic exercise program: to chronic intervention). The sample will be composed by elderly enrolled in university (...) extension program titled "Hidroginastica na Terceira Idade" (Hydrogymnastics in aging). It will be evaluated the effects of water-based exercise on hemodynamics, self-reported sleep quality, depressive symptoms, quality of life, body composition, level of physical activity and functional capacity. The investigators hypothesized that an acute water-based exercise under different intensities promotes hemodynamics changes in elderly. In addition, the investigators hypothesized that 12-weeks of aquatic

2018 Clinical Trials

192. Effects of the Otago exercise program on fall efficacy, activities of daily living and quality of life in elderly stroke patients (PubMed)

Effects of the Otago exercise program on fall efficacy, activities of daily living and quality of life in elderly stroke patients [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the Otago exercise program on fall efficacy, activities of daily living, and quality of life in elderly stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Eight subjects performed the Otago exercise program three times per week, for 8 weeks. The outcome measures were the Fall Efficacy Scale score for fall (...) efficacy, modified Barthel index for activities of daily living, and EQ-5D for quality of life. [Results] In our comparison of the results before and after the intervention, we found that the Otago exercise program improved fall efficacy significantly as well as the score for activities of daily living and quality of life, though not significantly. [Conclusion] We consider that the Otago exercise program is an effective method for improving fall efficacy in elderly stroke patients.

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2016 Journal of physical therapy science

193. Resting and Post-Exercise Ankle-Brachial Index Measurements to Diagnose Asymptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease in Middle Aged and Elderly Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients: A Pilot Study (PubMed)

Resting and Post-Exercise Ankle-Brachial Index Measurements to Diagnose Asymptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease in Middle Aged and Elderly Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients: A Pilot Study Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are at risk for asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) because smoking is a risk factor for COPD and PAD. The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of COPD patients with asymptomatic PAD and to investigate whether (...) the estimated risk of asymptomatic PAD in subjects with COPD differs using resting and exercise ankle-brachial index (ABI) in smokers.Using a cross-sectional study design, consecutive smokers > 50 years old were recruited over 2 months from the inpatient units and the outpatient clinics. Subjects previously diagnosed with PAD, unstable angina, recent (< 3 months) myocardial infarction or abdominal, intracranial, eye or lung surgery, and palliative care patients were excluded. Vascular risk factors, ABI

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2016 Journal of clinical medicine research

194. Special nutrition intervention is required for muscle protective efficacy of physical exercise in elderly people at highest risk of sarcopenia. (PubMed)

Special nutrition intervention is required for muscle protective efficacy of physical exercise in elderly people at highest risk of sarcopenia. Progressive loss of muscle mass and strength is a physiological consequence of aging, and without interventions, it usually deteriorates into sarcopenia. In this study, the hypothesis that combined special nutritional-physiotherapeutical intervention to prevent or reverse this biological deterioration in elderly people was tested. The effects (...) of the regular resistance muscle training (PT, n = 17) alone and the combined exercise + special nutrition therapy containing whey protein and vitamin D (PT + NT, n = 17) were monitored for 3 months in 34 elderly patients (12 men and 22 women; mean age: 66.47 years) randomly distributed into two groups at a long-term care facility. Physical exercise alone did not result in significant improvement in skeletal muscle mass or strength, whereas combined intervention significantly increased the muscle strength

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2016 Physiology international Controlled trial quality: uncertain

195. Locomotive Syndrome: Operational Definition Based on a Questionnaire, and Exercise Interventions on Mobility Dysfunction in Elderly People (PubMed)

Locomotive Syndrome: Operational Definition Based on a Questionnaire, and Exercise Interventions on Mobility Dysfunction in Elderly People The increasing elderly population has a great impact on public health, and it is important to understand the progression of musculoskeletal disorders seen in this population. To establish useful preventative methods for such locomotive disorders, we must detect early changes in these individuals and identify those at risk in order to implement early (...) interventions. The purpose of this review was: (1) to introduce an operational definition of locomotion dysfunction to prevent a care-need condition, and to verify its validity through a prospective cohort study, and (2) to review the indication of exercise intervention for multiple musculoskeletal involvements from the preceding literature. We developed a measurement scale called the Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS)-25, which clearly reflects the degree of functional deterioration. We used

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2016 Clinical reviews in bone and mineral metabolism

196. Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Exercise Blood Pressure Response and Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Individuals: Differential Impact of Aorta Calcification Compared With Coronary Artery Calcification (PubMed)

Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Exercise Blood Pressure Response and Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Individuals: Differential Impact of Aorta Calcification Compared With Coronary Artery Calcification The structure of the aorta is considered to influence exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP) response, which, in turn, might impact upon adverse outcomes. The current study sought to investigate the relationship of aortic calcification and exercise SBP with adverse outcomes among (...) elderly individuals.We retrospectively reviewed 702 elderly individuals (>65 years of age) without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD; luminal stenosis <50%) who underwent coronary computed tomography (CT) and exercise treadmill testing. ΔSBPstage2 and ΔSBPpeak were defined as the difference in systolic blood pressure (SBP) between rest and stage 2 or peak exercise, respectively. Thoracic aortic calcium score (TACS) and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) were measured using CT scanning

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2016 Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease

197. The effect of 12-week Pilates exercises on wellness in the elderly (PubMed)

The effect of 12-week Pilates exercises on wellness in the elderly The purpose of this study is to examine the efficiency of 12-week Pilates exercises on wellness in the elderly. Before Pilates exercises training, the 88 elderly (63 females, 25 males) were given and completed a Wellness Scale. Then, the elderly participated in Pilates exercises and completed the same scale afterwards. Results of paired t-test showed that participants in 12-week Pilates exercises experienced significant (...) improvement in physical (t=2.762, P<0.01), social (t=3.362, P<0.001), spiritual (t=2.307, P<0.05), and emotional wellness (t=2.489, P<0.05). Consequently, Pilates exercises helped improve wellness of the elderly.

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2016 Journal of exercise rehabilitation

198. Ascorbic acid improves brachial artery vasodilation during progressive handgrip exercise in the elderly through a nitric oxide-mediated mechanism (PubMed)

Ascorbic acid improves brachial artery vasodilation during progressive handgrip exercise in the elderly through a nitric oxide-mediated mechanism The proposed mechanistic link between the age-related attenuation in vascular function and free radicals is an attractive hypothesis; however, direct evidence of free radical attenuation and a concomitant improvement in vascular function in the elderly is lacking. Therefore, this study sought to test the hypothesis that ascorbic acid (AA (...) improvement in BA vasodilation. Free radical outflow increased with exercise intensity but, interestingly, was not attenuated by AA. Collectively, these results indicate that AA improves BA vasodilation in the elderly during handgrip exercise through an NO-dependent mechanism; however, this improvement appears not to be the direct consequence of attenuated free radical outflow from the forearm.

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2016 American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

199. Validation of Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire to assess exercise tolerance of Chinese elderly with coronary heart disease (PubMed)

Validation of Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire to assess exercise tolerance of Chinese elderly with coronary heart disease The Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire (VSAQ) has been used to assess exercise tolerance. Nevertheless, there is no validated Chinese version. The aim of this study is to determine whether a questionnaire-based method using the Chinese version of VSAQ (the modified VSAQ) is a practical tool to assess exercise tolerance of Chinese elderly with coronary heart (...) disease.One hundred thirty consecutive elderly patients who were diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) (mean age 68.9 ± 6.0 years) referred for treadmill exercise testing (TET) for clinical reasons were included in the study. They were asked to complete a questionnaire for clinical characteristics information on age, sex, history, exercise habits, medications, the original VSAQ and the modified VSAQ. We investigated the relationship between exercise tolerance in metabolic equivalents (METs

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2016 Journal of geriatric cardiology : JGC

200. Effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, mobility and gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in elderly people (PubMed)

Effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, mobility and gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in elderly people [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in the elderly people of rural community. [Subjects and Methods] It is selected by 45 outpatients. They have come into the clinic continually to treat of physical therapy at least 1-2 times for a week. A group (...) of variation. [Conclusion] From this study, it was confirmed that elastic-band resistance exercise has influence on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy are working for agriculture of elderly people of rural community. Based on this result, elastic-band resistance exercise can be better instrument and easier to elderly people of rural community for the improvement in balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy as it performing along with and reciprocal physical therapy.

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2016 Journal of physical therapy science

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