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1. Does physical exercise prevent or treat acute respiratory infection (ARI)?

respiratory inflammation and infection caused by COVID-19. In (as of 16 April 2020), 12 prospective studies of COVID-19 include physical activity or exercise as a metric. Of these studies (n=7) plan to study exercise or meditation (n=1) intervention to improve stress or quality of life during social isolation. Two studies will observe COVID-19 effect on physical activity (Author 1: Ertürk, Turkey; Author 2: Avcil, Turkey). One study (Author: Péter, Hungary) will test efficacy of general health education (...) (including physical activity advice) to decrease rates of hospitalisation and access to health services for COVID-19 disease. One listed study plans to implement a telerehabilitation program to COVID-19 patients measuring primary outcomes: VAS for dyspnea, Modified Borg scale for fatigue, Leicester Cough Questionnaire, Timed Up and Go,… (Author 1. Cirak, Turkey). In summary, two of 585 registered trials ( clinicaltrials.gov ) aim to test effectiveness of exercise or physical activity for treatment

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

2. The effectiveness of physical exercise for people with cancer

The National Cancer Strategy for 2013-2017 published by the Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services, notes that physical activity is an important adjunctive treatment both during active cancer treatment and after the treatment is completed. We have summarised the results from five systematic reviews, on the effects of exercise for cancer patients during and after cancer treatment, including a total of 119 randomised clinical trials. In summary, the reviews show: • It is uncertain if exercise during (...) active cancer treatment has an effect on quality of life, self reported physical function, anxiety, depression and fatigue. • Exercise for cancer survivors might have a positive effect on quality of life, self reported physical function, anxiety and fatigue. • Weight training does not seem to increase the severity of lymphedema in women who have received breast cancer surgery. The results from this review should be interpreted with caution. The certainty of the evidence, based on the included

2016 Norwegian Institute of Public Health

3. Evidence map of physical activity and exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic diseases

, except 2 studies in which women were encouraged to participate in breast cancer discussions Cardiopulmonary function, body composition Exercise improved absolute peak oxygen consumption (SMD = 0.916, p 2 CONDITIONS Authors (Year) Location # of studies Population Intervention Comparator Outcome Measures Main Findings AMSTAR/ Comments Karmi- sholt and Gotzshe (2005) 96 Denmark 17 SRs People with various chronic diseases incl. CAD, CHF, COPD, type 2 diabetes, and others Physical activity involving (...) Evidence map of physical activity and exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic diseases KTA Evidence Map KTA Evidence Map No. 1 Evidence map of physical activity and exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic diseases E Ev vi id de en nc ce e M Ma ap p N No o. . 1 1 D De ev ve el lo op pe ed d a as s p pa ar rt t o of f t th he e O OH HR RI I- -C Ch ha am mp pl la ai in n L LH HI IN N K Kn no ow wl le ed dg ge e t to o A Ac ct ti io on n r re es se ea ar rc ch h p pr ro og

2011 OHRI Knowledge to Action

4. In adults with chronic low back pain, are core stability exercises more effective in improving function and decreasing pain compared to a general exercise programme?

are not superior to other forms of exercise in improving function and decreasing pain. Clinical practice should aim to promote general exercise. Why is this important? Low back pain is a common condition which is treated in outpatient physiotherapy departments. Current evidence suggests that no single exercise is superior to another. Core stability exercises are among the most commonly used interventions in the treatment of back pain but could the use of a more general approach to exercise be just as effective (...) In adults with chronic low back pain, are core stability exercises more effective in improving function and decreasing pain compared to a general exercise programme? Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: Musculoskeletal Research Facilitation Group (CAT Group) Date: 9/1/2018 CAT Lead: Lucy Thomas Date CAT completed: 9/1/2018 Email: lucy.thomas@sath.nhs.uk Date CAT to be reviewed: January 2021 Review CAT Clinical bottom line In adults with chronic low back pain core stability exercises

2018 Public Health England

5. Randomised controlled trial: Nurse-led home exercise programme improves physical function for people receiving haemodialysis

Randomised controlled trial: Nurse-led home exercise programme improves physical function for people receiving haemodialysis Nurse-led home exercise programme improves physical function for people receiving haemodialysis | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Nurse-led home exercise programme improves physical function for people receiving haemodialysis Article Text Adult nursing Randomised controlled trial Nurse-led home exercise

2016 Evidence-Based Nursing

6. In adults with chronic anterior knee pain are Vastus Medialis Oblique (VMO) strengthening exercises alone more effective in reducing pain and improving function than general lower limb strengthening exercises?

are Vastus Medialis Oblique (VMO) strengthening exercises alone more effective in reducing pain and improving function than general lower limb strengthening exercises? Clinical bottom line A small RCT of poor quality evidence shows that performing Vastus Medialis Oblique (VMO) exercises alone has no benefit over a general lower limb strengthening exercise programme for reducing chronic anterior knee pain and improving function. Physiotherapists should not overly focus on VMO selective activation alone (...) exercises) (5 studies) There is not enough evidence to prefer one specific exercise intervention over another to answer this CAT question Exercise vs no exercise shows Short terms effect 3 months Recruited from a hospital orthopaedic clinic, Scotland Randomised into three groups (n=23) 1) VMO selective activation treatment approach ‘McConnell’ approach used- VMO home exercises daily, 6 sessions of Physio over 8 week period, The study demonstrated that both general quadriceps strengthening exercises

2017 Public Health England

7. Health promotion and public health: Is exercise and yoga a panacea for recovery from sexual violence?: knowing the risks and benefits of yoga and exercise is important

Health promotion and public health: Is exercise and yoga a panacea for recovery from sexual violence?: knowing the risks and benefits of yoga and exercise is important Is exercise and yoga a panacea for recovery from sexual violence?: knowing the risks and benefits of yoga and exercise is important | Evidence-Based Nursing Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword (...) Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Is exercise and yoga a panacea for recovery from sexual violence?: knowing the risks and benefits of yoga and exercise is important Article Text Commentary Health promotion and public health Is exercise and yoga a panacea for recovery from sexual violence?: knowing the risks and benefits of yoga

2019 Evidence-Based Nursing

8. Effective Interventions Involving Physical Therapy and Oral Exercises to Reduce Symptoms Associated with TMD

dysfunction, pain impairment, no other serious conditions. Systematic Review Key results There were two of the twelve selected TMD studies that evaluated postural exercises for TMD patients. The positive findings from these studies were reduced pain and improved oral opening in comparison to the control group or patients only receiving cognitive therapy. The study is a result after one month of treatment. One other study evaluated the effect of manual therapy in combination with active exercises (...) Effective Interventions Involving Physical Therapy and Oral Exercises to Reduce Symptoms Associated with TMD UTCAT2487, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Effective Interventions Involving Physical Therapy and Oral Exercises to Reduce Symptoms Associated with TMD Clinical Question In an adult dental patient experiencing TMJ dysfunction, does the combined efforts of physical therapy and exercise relieve TMD

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

9. Randomised controlled trial: High-intensity exercise offers no additional benefit to moderate-intensity exercise in reducing liver fat in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Randomised controlled trial: High-intensity exercise offers no additional benefit to moderate-intensity exercise in reducing liver fat in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease High-intensity exercise offers no additional benefit to moderate-intensity exercise in reducing liver fat in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings (...) via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here High-intensity exercise offers no additional

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine

10. WHO simulation exercise manual: a practical guide and tool for planning, conducting and evaluating simulation exercises for outbreaks and public health emergency preparedness and response

WHO simulation exercise manual: a practical guide and tool for planning, conducting and evaluating simulation exercises for outbreaks and public health emergency preparedness and response WHO simulation exercise manual: a practical guide and tool for planning, conducting and evaluating simulation exercises for outbreaks and public health emergency preparedness and response JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle (...) navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links WHO simulation exercise manual: a practical guide and tool for planning, conducting and evaluating simulation exercises for outbreaks and public health emergency preparedness and response View/ Open Rights View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Organization . (‎2017)‎. WHO simulation exercise manual: a practical guide and tool for planning, conducting and evaluating simulation exercises for outbreaks and public health emergency

2017 WHO

11. What is the efficacy and safety of rapid exercise tests for exertional desaturation in covid-19?

. Accessed 4th April 2020 at . Singh SJ, Puhan MA, Andrianopoulos V, et al. An official systematic review of the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society: measurement properties of field walking tests in chronic respiratory disease: Eur Respiratory Soc, 2014. Lee A, Harrison S, Beauchamp MK, et al. Alternative field exercise tests for people with respiratory conditions. Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports 2015;3(3):232-41. Bohannon RW, Crouch R. 1-Minute Sit-to-Stand Test (...) as quickly as they can); 1-minute sit to stand test (1-min STS: patient stands up fully and sits down as many times as they can in one minute) and the 30-second and 2-minute variants of this. 3 They also review tasks based on activities of daily living such as a semi-standardised “grocery shelving task”. 3 All the exercises described by Lee et al in the above review were designed mainly for longitudinal monitoring of the severity of chronic lung disease, and several have been shown to correlate

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

12. What questions are priority areas for primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic? A rapid question generation and prioritisation exercise

What questions are priority areas for primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic? A rapid question generation and prioritisation exercise What questions are priority areas for primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic? A rapid question generation and prioritisation exercise - CEBM CEBM The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better evidence for healthcare. Navigate this website What questions are priority areas for primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic (...) ? A rapid question generation and prioritisation exercise May 1, 2020 Tamsin Newlove-Delgado, Emma Cockcroft, Richard Byng, Lorna Burns, Kristin Liabo On behalf of the Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service Team Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford And NIHR Applied Research Centre South West Peninsula (PenARC) Universities of Exeter and Plymouth Correspondence to BACKGROUND General practice has been asked to reorganise care to reduce

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

13. What are the methods for improving mental or physical health after a transition from unemployment to employment in those with a long term condition or disability?

or physical health after a transition from unemployment to employment in those with a long term condition or disability? KLS Evidence Briefing 15 th March 2018 Background “Supporting people with chronic conditions can result in improved health, work and economic outcomes” (1) piii People who report poor physical or mental health are significantly less likely than those in good health to be in work, to transition from unemployment into employment, to transition from inactivity into activity (...) What are the methods for improving mental or physical health after a transition from unemployment to employment in those with a long term condition or disability? Knowledge & Library Services (KLS) Evidence Briefing What are the methods for improving mental or physical health after a transition from unemployment to employment in those with a long term condition or disability? Nicola Pearce-Smith 15 th March 2018 What are the methods for improving mental or physical health after a transition

2018 Public Health England - Evidence Briefings

14. Quantitative study - other: Community-based exercise interventions during pregnancy are perceived as a satisfactory and motivating form of exercise engagement Full Text available with Trip Pro

groups are perceived by pregnant women as a satisfactory and motivating form of exercise engagement. Attendance appears to enhance maintenance and/or an increase in antenatal physical activity levels. Exploration of how best to implement this activity on a broader scale would be beneficial. Context Undertaking the appropriate level of exercise in pregnancy is a highly desirable lifestyle choice and continues to be a heavily researched area of maternal and child health. Studies exploring benefits (...) Quantitative study - other: Community-based exercise interventions during pregnancy are perceived as a satisfactory and motivating form of exercise engagement Community-based exercise interventions during pregnancy are perceived as a satisfactory and motivating form of exercise engagement | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use

2017 Evidence-Based Nursing

15. Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes

Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Last updated: May 14, 2019 Project Number: RB1341-000 Product Line (...) : Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of exercises and/or massage of the wound bed in preventing re-adhesion following tongue tie or lip tie release? Key Message No relevant literature was identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of exercises and massage post-frenectomy for infants with tongue and lip tie. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 14, 2019 Related Content Follow us: ©

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

16. Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: September 27, 2019 Project Number: RC1193-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of strength-based exercise for chronic non-cancer back pain? Key Message No evidence was found regarding the clinical effectiveness of strength-based exercise alone compared with pharmacological interventions for chronic non-cancer back pain in non-pregnant people. Files Rapid Response Summary with Critical Appraisal Published : September 27, 2019 Follow us: © 2019

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

17. Is graded exercise beneficial in improving function, mobility and quality of life in adult patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain?

produce a better quality evidence base to review. Thus a more condition specific CAT question would be recommended when looking at best practice for exercise / activity in a chronic pain population. What would you tweet? (140 characters) Graded Exercise for chronic musculoskeletal pain – no evidence of sufficient quality available. Current clinical practice unchanged. References Asenlof P, Denison E, Lindberg P (2005) Individually tailored treatment targeting activity, motor behaviour and cognition (...) musculoskeletal pain? Clinical bottom line There is limited evidence of poor quality to answer this question with confidence. The studies that were identified were of poor quality and therefore results should be viewed with caution. Why is this important? Exercise is generally considered an important part of chronic pain management. Much evidence exists empirically to support the benefits of activity / exercise in the management of chronic pain. However many patients struggle to exercise / increase activity

2019 Public Health England

18. Is this resistance exercise beneficial to improve function, mobility, quality of life in adult patients with fibromyalgia?

involved women participants. Why is this important? Fibromyalgia is a common condition seen in physiotherapy and pain management. Empirically exercise is understood to be a valid treatment for rehabilitation and pain management. It is known that exercise and/or keeping active can improve health, function, mobility and/or quality of life in many musculoskeletal conditions. However patients with fibromyalgia often struggle to remain active and exercise at all or consistently. It is important to determine (...) whether the evidence base supports exercise /activity for this cohort of patients. Knowing what exercise type is most supported by the research available will help clinicians to include and develop targeted treatments, programmes and advice to maximise compliance, efficacy and outcome for patients with fibromyalgia Search timeframe 2000 and 2017 Inclusion Criteria Description Search terms Population and Setting Adult patients with fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia in adults. Can include adolescents

2019 Public Health England

19. In adult patients with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee, does running cause harm in comparison with standard strengthening exercises?

to appropriately give evidence based advice whilst keeping patients as functional as possible and not limiting their desired sporting activities. Search timeframe 1946 - 2018 Inclusion Criteria Description Search terms Population and Setting Adults, Clinical diagnosis of PFJ OA and/or Tibiofemoral OA Runners. Adults Runner/s Patello femoral joint osteoarthritis Tibiofemoral joint osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis Jogging Intervention or Exposure Running High impact lower limb exercise Plyometric exercises Running (...) High impact lower limb exercise Plyometric exercises Lower extremity exercise Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: Musculoskeletal Research Facilitation Group (CAT Group) Date: 15/10/18 CAT Lead: Michele Evans Date CAT completed: 15/10/18 Email: Michele.Evans2@nhs.net Date CAT to be reviewed: N/A Plyometrics Comparison, if any Standard strengthening exercises prescribed by physiotherapists / podiatrists or sports therapists. Usual care Physiotherapy Physical Therapy Strengthening Static

2019 Public Health England

20. In an adult population are eccentric exercises effective in reducing pain and improving function in achilles tendinopathy?

tendinopathy and that eccentric exercise should be included in the exercise rehabilitation programme. Why is this important? Achilles tendinopathy is characterised by pain on functional weight bearing and is a common condition in adults with an incidence of 2.35 per 1000 (aged 21-60) (De Jonge 2011). Injury to the Achilles tendon can severely impact upon recreational and everyday activities. The condition often affects athletes and people who participate in sport, although 30% of all patients report (...) of studies evaluating pain & function was moderate. Authors recommend eccentric exercise over no therapy for improving pain & function in mid portion Achilles tendinopathy. 3 studies compared eccentric exercise as Alfredson described with concentric exercise. 1 found eccentric exercise improved pain with activity 1 found significant improvement in pain with eccentric exercise at 12/52 1 found pain improved significantly more in eccentric group Moderate strength studies 1 study compared HSR with eccentric

2019 Public Health England

Evidence-based Synopses

Synopses are typically easily digested, critical commentaries of articles e.g. critically appraised topics.