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Exercise in the Elderly

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1. Customized exercise programs implemented by physical therapists improve exercise-related self-efficacy and promote behavioral changes in elderly individuals without regular exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Customized exercise programs implemented by physical therapists improve exercise-related self-efficacy and promote behavioral changes in elderly individuals without regular exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Specialized, individualized exercise programs that increase self-efficacy (SE) are essential for the development and maintenance of regular exercise. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of customized exercise programs (CEPs) implemented by physical therapists (...) in improving exercise-related SE and promoting behavioral changes among elderly individuals who do not exercise regularly compared with commonly prescribed exercises.In this randomized controlled study, the sampling frame consisted of participants in an annual town-sponsored medical check-up. The inclusion criteria were no regular exercise and age of 65-74 years at enrollment. The subjects in the intervention group (CEP group) were instructed to perform individualized exercises prescribed based

2019 BMC Public Health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2. Promotion of Behavioral Change and the Impact on Quality of Life in Elderly Patients with Advanced Cancer: A Physical Activity Intervention of the Multimodal Nutrition and Exercise Treatment for Advanced Cancer Program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Promotion of Behavioral Change and the Impact on Quality of Life in Elderly Patients with Advanced Cancer: A Physical Activity Intervention of the Multimodal Nutrition and Exercise Treatment for Advanced Cancer Program. Physical activity (PA) may improve the quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors. However, the impact on patients with advanced cancer with high cachectic potential is unknown. We analyzed the feasibility of PA intervention using the multimodal program Nutrition and Exercise (...) Treatment for Advanced Cancer (NEXTAC) and the impact on QOL in elderly patients with advanced cancer.We recruited 30 patients aged ≥70 years who were scheduled to receive the first-line chemotherapy for newly diagnosed advanced pancreatic or non-small-cell lung cancer. The QOL was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QOL Questionnaire version 3.0, while the PA was measured using a pedometer/accelerometer. Instructors counseled patients to increase daily activity

2019 Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3. The effects of a home-based exercise intervention on elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis: a quasi-experimental study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of a home-based exercise intervention on elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis: a quasi-experimental study Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is common in elderly people, causes pain, loss of physical functioning, and disability. This was a two-arm, superiority, quasi-experimental trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a home-based exercise intervention (HBEI) to reduce KOA symptoms and improve the physical functioning of elderly patients.A total of 171 elderly (...) be effective for relieving KOA symptoms, increasing the physical functioning, and improving quality of life in community-dwelling KOA elderly patients. A large randomized controlled trial with long-term follow-up is needed to confirm these findings.Chinese Clinical Trails Registry number ChiCTR1800017026 (retrospectively registered). Registered 9 July 2018.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Six weeks of combined aerobic and resistance exercise using outdoor exercise machines improves fitness, insulin resistance, and chemerin in the Korean elderly: A pilot randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Six weeks of combined aerobic and resistance exercise using outdoor exercise machines improves fitness, insulin resistance, and chemerin in the Korean elderly: A pilot randomized controlled trial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a six-week-long exercise program using outdoor exercise equipment on fitness, insulin resistance and adipocytokines among Korean elderly.A total of 47 participants were randomized into one of the following three groups; control, resistance (...) exercise or combined exercise (aerobic and resistance exercise). The resistance exercise group completed three resistance types of exercise. The combined exercise group completed five exercises, including three resistance types of exercise and two aerobic types of exercise. Participants' body composition, fitness level, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and adipocytokines were measured at baseline and at the end of six weeks.After six weeks of exercise training, participants

2019 Archives of gerontology and geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Whey Protein Supplementation Post Resistance Exercise in Elderly Men Induces Changes in Muscle miRNA's Compared to Resistance Exercise Alone. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Whey Protein Supplementation Post Resistance Exercise in Elderly Men Induces Changes in Muscle miRNA's Compared to Resistance Exercise Alone. Progressive muscle loss with aging results in decreased physical function, frailty, and impaired metabolic health. Deficits in anabolic signaling contribute to an impaired ability for aged skeletal muscle to adapt in response to exercise and protein feeding. One potential contributing mechanism could be exerted by dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs (...) ). Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine if graded protein doses consumed after resistance exercise altered muscle miRNA expression in elderly men. Twenty-three senior men (67.9 ± 0.9 years) performed a bout of resistance exercise and were randomized to consume either a placebo, 20 or 40 g of whey protein (n = 8, n = 7, and n = 8, respectively). Vastus lateralis biopsies were collected before, 2 and 4 h after exercise. Expression of 19 miRNAs, previously identified to influence muscle phenotype

2019 Frontiers in nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise

Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise'', 1 October 2016 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise Following on from others (...) , a new trial has shown the benefits of exercise in preventing falls with trauma in elderly women. Preventing falls in the elderly relies chiefly on non-drug measures. The combination of vitamin D + calcium possibly reduces the risk of fractures. A comparative clinical trial carried out in Finland sought to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise and vitamin D supplements in preventing falls with trauma. For around two years this trial monitored more than 400 women aged between 70 and 80, living

2016 Prescrire

7. The Effects of Functional Training, Bicycle Exercise, and Exergaming on Walking Capacity of Elderly Patients With Parkinson Disease: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Single-blinded Trial (Abstract)

The Effects of Functional Training, Bicycle Exercise, and Exergaming on Walking Capacity of Elderly Patients With Parkinson Disease: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Single-blinded Trial To compare the effects of functional training, bicycle exercise, and exergaming on walking capacity of elderly with Parkinson disease (PD).A pilot randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial.A state reference health care center for elderly, a public reference outpatient clinic for the elderly.Elderly individuals (...) between groups.Eight weeks of exergaming can improve the walking capacity of elderly patients with PD. Exergame training had similar outcomes compared with functional training and bicycle exercise. The three physical exercise modalities presented significant improvements on walking capacity, ability to stand up and sit, and functionality of the participants.Copyright © 2018 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

8. Effect of Exercise Intervention on Functional Decline in Very Elderly Patients During Acute Hospitalization: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Exercise Intervention on Functional Decline in Very Elderly Patients During Acute Hospitalization: A Randomized Clinical Trial Functional decline is prevalent among acutely hospitalized older patients. Exercise and early rehabilitation protocols applied during acute hospitalization can prevent functional and cognitive decline in older patients.To assess the effects of an innovative multicomponent exercise intervention on the functional status of this patient population.A single-center (...) , single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted from February 1, 2015, to August 30, 2017, in an acute care unit in a tertiary public hospital in Navarra, Spain. A total of 370 very elderly patients undergoing acute-care hospitalization were randomly assigned to an exercise or control (usual-care) intervention. Intention-to-treat analysis was conducted.The control group received usual-care hospital care, which included physical rehabilitation when needed. The in-hospital intervention included

2018 EvidenceUpdates

9. Weight bearing exercise can elicit similar peak muscle activation as medium-high intensity resistance exercise in elderly women. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Weight bearing exercise can elicit similar peak muscle activation as medium-high intensity resistance exercise in elderly women. To assess whether stepping-based weight bearing exercise (WBE) can elicit peak activation of upper leg muscles similar to resistance exercise (RE) at an intensity required to induce strength gains in elderly women.Muscular activation of several upper leg muscles was measured during RE and WBE in a cohort of 19 healthy elderly women (69.3 ± 3.4 years). WBE consisted

2018 European journal of applied physiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Improved Balance Confidence and Stability for Elderly After 6 Weeks of a Multimodal Self-Administered Balance-Enhancing Exercise Program: A Randomized Single Arm Crossover Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improved Balance Confidence and Stability for Elderly After 6 Weeks of a Multimodal Self-Administered Balance-Enhancing Exercise Program: A Randomized Single Arm Crossover Study. Objective: To develop and assess the efficacy of a multimodal balance-enhancing exercise program (BEEP) designed to be regularly self-administered by community-dwelling elderly. The program aims to promote sensory reweighting, facilitate motor control, improve gaze stabilization, and stimulate continuous improvement (...) and Go speeds increased (p ≤ .001), as did scores in Berg Balance and balance confidence scales (p ≤ .018). Discussion: Multimodal balance exercises offer an efficient, cost-effective way to improve balance control and confidence in elderly.

2017 Gerontology & geriatric medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Exercise Training in Elderly People Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exercise Training in Elderly People Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Previous reviews have indicated the effectiveness of exercise in people undergoing hemodialysis. However, these analyses did not take into account whether the subjects were elderly. We performed a systematic review of the effects of exercise training in elderly people undergoing hemodialysis and updated the evidence of exercise for people undergoing hemodialysis by adding recent research data.We (...) searched 8 electronic databases up to June 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: randomized controlled trial, English publication, subjects aged 18 and older undergoing hemodialysis, evaluation of physical function as an outcome of exercise intervention. We defined elderly as age 60 years and older. The main outcomes were exercise tolerance (peak/maximum oxygen consumption) and walking ability (6-minute walk distance). Secondary outcomes were lower extremity muscle strength and quality

2017 Kidney international reports

12. Dance training is superior to repetitive physical exercise in inducing brain plasticity in the elderly. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dance training is superior to repetitive physical exercise in inducing brain plasticity in the elderly. Animal research indicates that a combination of physical activity and sensory enrichment has the largest and the only sustaining effect on adult neuroplasticity. Dancing has been suggested as a human homologue to this combined intervention as it poses demands on both physical and cognitive functions. For the present exploratory study, we designed an especially challenging dance program (...) in which our elderly participants constantly had to learn novel and increasingly difficult choreographies. This six-month-long program was compared to conventional fitness training matched for intensity. An extensive pre/post-assessment was performed on the 38 participants (63-80 y), covering general cognition, attention, memory, postural and cardio-respiratory performance, neurotrophic factors and-most crucially-structural MRI using an exploratory analysis. For analysis of MRI data, a new method

2018 PLoS ONE

13. The effectiveness of exercises on fall and fracture prevention amongst community elderlies: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effectiveness of exercises on fall and fracture prevention amongst community elderlies: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record

2019 PROSPERO

14. Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography for the evaluation of the effects of exercise in the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography for the evaluation of the effects of exercise in the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

15. Acute effect of physical exercise on memory in healthy adults and elderly: a meta-analysis

Acute effect of physical exercise on memory in healthy adults and elderly: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites

2019 PROSPERO

16. Modifiable enablers and barriers of exercise adherence in elderly people with dementia/MCI using the Theoretical Domains Framework: a systematic review

Modifiable enablers and barriers of exercise adherence in elderly people with dementia/MCI using the Theoretical Domains Framework: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

17. Feasibility and Health Effects of a 15-Week Combined Exercise Programme for Sedentary Elderly: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Feasibility and Health Effects of a 15-Week Combined Exercise Programme for Sedentary Elderly: A Randomised Controlled Trial. There is strong evidence that considerable health benefits can be achieved even with small amounts of physical activity. However, getting people to exercise regularly is a major challenge not least in the elderly population. This study investigated the feasibility and physiological health effects of a pragmatic 15-week exercise programme for sedentary elderly (...) . In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 45 sedentary 60-83-year-olds (25 women, 20 men) were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to a training group (TG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=15). The training in TG consisted of a combination of exercise modalities (i.e., strength, aerobic fitness, stability, and flexibility training) performed once a week as supervised group-based training and a weekly home-based training for 15 weeks. Feasibility outcomes were exercise intensity, adherence, and adverse

2019 BioMed research international Controlled trial quality: predicted high

18. Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress parameters in depressed elderly individuals.Initially, ninety-two elderly individuals were included in the study and were allocated into the depression group (n=16) and nondepression group (n=14). Both groups engaged (...) %) and flexibility (44%). Regarding the blood-based parameters, there were decreases in protein carbonylation (46%) and nitric oxide (60%) and increases in glutathione (170%) and superoxide dismutase (160%) in the depression group (p<0.005).The aquatic exercise program reduces depression and anxiety, improves functional autonomy and decreases oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals.

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

19. Improvement in muscular strength and aerobic capacities in elderly people occurs independently of physical training type or exercise model. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improvement in muscular strength and aerobic capacities in elderly people occurs independently of physical training type or exercise model. Progressive decline of physiological processes with aging is normal. Aging is also associated with decreased functional capacity and onset of many diseases. This study evaluated the changes in physical fitness (PF), body composition (BC), and lipid profile (LP) in elderly men completing different training protocols.Fifty-five men (age 60-80 years) were (...) randomized into the following groups: without training, aerobic training on dry land, combined training on dry land, and combined training in water. Training was conducted for 8 weeks, and PF, LP, and BC were assessed at the beginning and end of the intervention.Significant improvements were observed in all parameters; however, combined programs on land or in water were more effective at improving strength and aerobic fitness. Combined exercise produced greater effects on BC and LP and some muscle

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". (Abstract)

Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". 31103099 2019 10 16 2019 10 16 1532-9283 23 2 2019 04 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies J Bodyw Mov Ther Letter to the Editor, "Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial". 231 S1360-8592(19)30084-1 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.013 Dasgupta Aurodeep A Department (...) Bodyw Mov Ther 9700068 1360-8592 IM J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2019 Apr;23(2):390-393 31103125 Exercise Exercise Movement Techniques Exercise Therapy Quality of Life 2019 02 14 2019 02 14 2019 5 20 6 0 2019 5 20 6 0 2019 10 17 6 0 ppublish 31103099 S1360-8592(19)30084-1 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.013

2019 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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