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Esophageal Rupture

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141. Congenital Malformations, Esophagus

Congenital Malformations, Esophagus Congenital Malformations of the Esophagus: Overview, Embryology of the Esophagus, Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM3ODc5LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Congenital Malformations of the Esophagus Updated: Mar 08, 2017 Author: Ted L Tewfik, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Congenital Malformations of the Esophagus Overview Overview Congenital anomalies of the esophagus comprise a diverse group of malformations. This chapter discusses embryology of the developing esophagus and esophageal anomalies secondary to its aberrant development. The chapter also reviews major

2014 eMedicine Surgery

142. Esophagitis (Overview)

distinguish eosinophilic esophagitis from gastroesophageal reflux disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol . 2009 Dec. 7(12):1305-13; quiz 1261. . . Howden CW, Hornung CA. A systematic review of the association between Barrett's esophagus and colon neoplasms. Am J Gastroenterol . 1995 Oct. 90(10):1814-9. . Uygun I. Caustic oesophagitis in children: prevalence, the corrosive agents involved, and management from primary care through to surgery. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg . 2015 Dec. 23 (6):423-32 (...) on the underlying disease. Esophagitis is commonly seen in adults and is uncommon in childhood. Infectious esophagitis. Candida esophagitis. Double-contrast esophagram shows linear plaquelike lesions in the esophagus, with normal intervening mucosa. Signs and symptoms The history and physical examination findings vary according to the type of esophagitis present. Symptoms of reflux esophagitis (the most common type) may include the following: Heartburn, or dyspepsia (the most common symptom) Water brash

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

143. Esophagus, Tear

30, 2018 Author: Ali Nawaz Khan, MBBS, FRCS, FRCP, FRCR; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Esophageal Tear Imaging Practice Essentials is defined as a breach of the esophageal wall resulting from a mucosal tear, perforation, or rupture. Tears of the esophagus are life-threatening conditions that require prompt diagnosis and emergency treatment. Esophageal perforations allow the upper gastrointestinal (GI) contents to egress from the esophageal lumen (...) images of esophageal tear below.) Posteroanterior chest radiograph shows a right-sided hydropneumothorax after an esophageal rupture. A contrast-swallow study that shows leakage of contrast agent at the level of the carina (same patient as in previous image). Water-soluble contrast study of the upper esophagus shows leakage of contrast material after instrumentation. Cervical abscess following esophageal injury subsequent to endotracheal intubation. Note the increased soft tissue prevertebral space

2014 eMedicine Radiology

144. Esophageal Varices

, 2016 Author: Ali Nawaz Khan, MBBS, FRCS, FRCP, FRCR; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Esophageal Varices Imaging Overview Overview Esophageal and paraesophageal varices are abnormally dilated veins of the esophagus. They are native veins that serve as collaterals to the central venous circulation when flow through the portal venous system or superior vena cava (SVC) is obstructed. are collateral veins within the wall of the esophagus that project (...) directly into the lumen. The veins are of clinical concern because they are prone to hemorrhage. Paraesophageal varices are collateral veins beyond the adventitial surface of the esophagus that parallel intramural esophageal veins. Paraesophageal varices are less prone to hemorrhage. Esophageal and paraesophageal varices are slightly different in venous origin, but they are usually found together. [ , ] Esophageal and paraesophageal varices are displayed in the images below. Uphill esophageal varices

2014 eMedicine Radiology

145. Aortic Rupture

Aortic Rupture Aortic Rupture Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Aortic Rupture Aortic Rupture Aka: Aortic Rupture (...) Deviation of esophagus (or ) to the right Deviation of the the right to the right (as well as elevation) Loss of space between pulmonary artery and aorta Depression of left mainstem Widened paratracheal stripe Widened paraspinal interfaces Pleural or apical cap present Left ( ) Associated injuries of first or second rib V. Diagnostics (Gold standard) Expect <10% s positive if adequately ordered CT High VI. Management Emergent surgical intervention Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing

2015 FP Notebook

146. Esophageal Balloon Tamponade

Esophageal Balloon Tamponade Aka: Esophageal Balloon Tamponade , Sengstaken-Blakemore Tube , Linton Tube , Balloon Tamponade II. Indications with Stabilize until emergent endoscopy III. Precautions Emergent endoscopy is preferred if immediately available IV. Contraindications Recent esophageal or gastric surgery V. Mechanism Balloons inflated within and esophagus Applies direct pressure on bleeding Applies pressure to left gastric vein (supplies the esophageal venous plexus) VI. Types Linton Tube (...) balloon device in same manner as a and feed to the 50 cm mark Apply continuous suction to gastric port and esophageal port Gastric balloon Inject air into balloon while auscultating over Insert 50 cc air into gastric port Confirm positioning on XRay Gastric balloon must be in (not esophagus), otherwise risks Further inflate gastric balloon Attach manometer using Y-Tube, and check pressure at every 100 cc of inflation Inflate gastric balloon to 250 cc by inserting another 200 cc Balloon filled

2016 FP Notebook

147. Aorto-oesophageal fistula following TEVAR: an unusual cause of mediastinal air Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aorto-oesophageal fistula following TEVAR: an unusual cause of mediastinal air Aorto-oesophogeal fistula (AEF) following thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) has an incidence of 1.7%. Patients often present with constitutional symptoms or haematemesis and the condition is frequently fatal. We present a 79-year-old man who underwent TEVAR to exclude a ruptured 5.3 cm aneurysm. He re-presented with persistent fever and haematemesis and initially underwent oesophogastroduodenoscopy (...) and biopsy to exclude oesophageal carcinoma. Following CT scanning AEF was diagnosed and extra-anatomical reconstruction was performed. Two months later he suffered a sudden and unexpected large bleed into his ventilator circuits from his tracheostomy and died. Haematemesis following TEVAR should raise clinical suspicion of AEF. Early and accurate diagnosis is paramount in view of the high attendant mortality. CT should be considered the initial investigation of choice.

2013 BMJ case reports

148. Monthly Versus Biweekly Endoscopic Variceal Ligation for the Prevention of Esophageal Variceal Rebleeding

patients. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Variceal Bleeding, Endoscopic Variceal Ligation Device: Wilson-Cook four shooter saeed multi-band ligator Not Applicable Detailed Description: Esophageal varices are the most important portosystemic collaterals owing to their rupture results in variceal hemorrhage, which is a devastating event of portal hypertension. Cirrhotic patients surviving a first episode of variceal rupture have a risk of over 60% of suffering from recurrent bleeding (...) Monthly Versus Biweekly Endoscopic Variceal Ligation for the Prevention of Esophageal Variceal Rebleeding Monthly Versus Biweekly Endoscopic Variceal Ligation for the Prevention of Esophageal Variceal Rebleeding - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2013 Clinical Trials

149. Spontaneous perforation of the esophagus in a patient with achalasia. (Abstract)

Spontaneous perforation of the esophagus in a patient with achalasia. Esophageal perforation in achalasia is rare. The risk would mainly follow pneumatic dilatation, and spontaneous perforation has not been described. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the midesophagus in a 56-year-old woman with treated achalasia in whom the perforation occurred during a meal and was not preceded by emesis. A gastrografin swallow confirmed extravasation of contrast medium from the esophagus (...) , and endoscopy revealed significant esophageal food stasis, consistent with achalasia, with a large tear in the midesophagus and gross mediastinal contamination. She subsequently underwent a three-stage esophagectomy with an uneventful recovery. Copyright © 2013 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2013 Annals of Thoracic Surgery

150. Esophageal rupture in a child after VEPTR expansion thoracoplasty: First Report of a Rare Complication. (Abstract)

insufficiency because of rupture of the esophagus. The complication was treated conservatively. A second operation was needed to remove an infected VEPTR. The patient fully recovered after this severe complication.To our knowledge, this is the first report of esophageal rupture after VEPTR expansion thoracoplasty. This promising new technique treats scoliosis in patients with severe chest wall deformities. When a patient presents with fused ribs and there is a history of esophageal atresia, we should keep (...) Esophageal rupture in a child after VEPTR expansion thoracoplasty: First Report of a Rare Complication. Case report and clinical discussion.To illustrate the significance of esophageal rupture as a rare complication after expansion thoracoplasty with implementation of a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR).Chest wall deformities and secondary scoliosis are rare complications after a repair operation for esophageal atresia. The new technique of VEPTR expansion thoracoplasty

2011 Spine

151. Systematic review: temporary stent placement for benign rupture or anastomotic leak of the oesophagus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Systematic review: temporary stent placement for benign rupture or anastomotic leak of the oesophagus. Placement of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) or plastic stents (SEPS) has emerged as a minimally invasive treatment option for benign oesophageal ruptures and leaks; however, it is not clear which stent type should be preferred.To assess clinical effectiveness and safety of treating benign oesophageal ruptures and anastomotic leaks with temporary placement of a stent with special emphasis (...) trials, it seems that covered stent placement for a period of 6-8 weeks is safe and effective for benign oesophageal ruptures and anastomotic leaks to heal. As efficacy between different stent types is not significantly different, stent choice should depend on expected risk of stent migration (self-expanding plastic stents and fully covered self-expanding metal stents) and, to a minor degree, on expected risk of tissue in- or overgrowth (partially covered self-expanding metal stents).© 2011 Blackwell

2011 Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics

152. RUPTURE OF INTRA-THORACIC GASTRIC POUCH Full Text available with Trip Pro

RUPTURE OF INTRA-THORACIC GASTRIC POUCH 15434753 2004 09 30 2018 12 01 0008-4409 63 2 1950 Aug Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Spontaneous rupture of intrathoracic gastric pouch. 174-6 TOVELL H M M HM BARRIE H J HJ eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 OM Abdominal Wall Esophagus Humans Rupture, Spontaneous Stomach 5019:25325:79 ESOPHAGUS 1950 8 1 1950 8 1 0 1 1950 8 1 0 0 ppublish 15434753 PMC1821628

1950 Canadian Medical Association Journal

153. Rupture of the Å’sophagus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rupture of the Å’sophagus 14879327 2004 02 15 2018 12 01 0008-4409 65 5 1951 Nov Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Rupture of the oesophagus. 455-62 STRONG G F GF WILSON R R TAYLOR H E HE eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 OM Esophageal Diseases Esophagus Rupture 5221:9598:132 ESOPHAGUS/rupture 1951 11 1 1951 11 1 0 1 1951 11 1 0 0 ppublish 14879327 PMC1822100 Ann Surg. 1949 May;129(5):619-28 17859344

1951 Canadian Medical Association Journal

154. Spontaneous Rupture of Å’sophagus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spontaneous Rupture of Å’sophagus 13190482 2003 05 01 2018 12 01 0008-4409 71 3 1954 Sep Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Two cases of spontaneous rupture of oesophagus. 250-3 CRAM R W RW BRANT D J DJ PRESTON F T FT eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 OM Esophageal Diseases Esophagus Rupture Rupture, Spontaneous 5527:2062:169 ESOPHAGUS/rupture 1954 9 1 1954 9 1 0 1 1954 9 1 0 0 ppublish 13190482 PMC1825148 AMA Arch Surg. 1952 Nov;65(5):723-45

1954 Canadian Medical Association Journal

155. Rupture of a Tuberculous Spinal Abscess into the Å’sophagus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rupture of a Tuberculous Spinal Abscess into the Å’sophagus 19990900 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0035-9157 29 12 1936 Oct Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Rupture of a Tuberculous Spinal Abscess into the OEsophagus. 1663-4 Seddon H J HJ eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 2009 12 9 6 0 1936 10 1 0 0 1936 10 1 0 1 ppublish 19990900 PMC2076279

1936 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

156. A Case of Carcinoma of the Å’sophagus with Rupture into the Trachea Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Case of Carcinoma of the Å’sophagus with Rupture into the Trachea 20320040 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0008-4409 33 4 1935 Oct Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J A Case of Carcinoma of the OEsophagus with Rupture into the Trachea. 423-4 Brooks C E CE eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 2010 3 24 6 0 1935 10 1 0 0 1935 10 1 0 1 ppublish 20320040 PMC1561467

1935 Canadian Medical Association Journal

157. Spontaneous Rupture of the Å’sophagus with Recovery Following Repair Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spontaneous Rupture of the Å’sophagus with Recovery Following Repair 14291268 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0035-9157 58 1965 Jun Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. SPONTANEOUS RUPTURE OF THE OESOPHAGUS WITH RECOVERY FOLLOWING REPAIR. 431-2 DEJODE L R LR eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents 0 Antibiotics, Antitubercular 0 Dermatologic Agents OM Anti-Bacterial Agents Antibiotics, Antitubercular Dermatologic Agents Drainage Drug (...) Therapy Esophageal Perforation Humans Rupture, Spontaneous Surgical Procedures, Operative ANTIBIOTICS DRAINAGE DRUG THERAPY ESOPHAGEAL PERFORATION RUPTURE, SPONTANEOUS SURGERY, OPERATIVE 1965 6 1 1965 6 1 0 1 1965 6 1 0 0 ppublish 14291268 PMC1898561 Am J Surg. 1963 Apr;105:505-10 13987510

1965 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

158. Hæmatemesis and Melæna due to Rupture of a Saccular Aneurysm of the Aorta into the Œsophagus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hæmatemesis and Melæna due to Rupture of a Saccular Aneurysm of the Aorta into the Œsophagus 14448770 1998 11 01 2018 12 01 0032-5473 38 1962 May Postgraduate medical journal Postgrad Med J Haematemesis and melaena due to rupture of a saccular aneurysm of the aorta into the oesophagus. 297-301 HOOPER W L WL eng Journal Article England Postgrad Med J 0234135 0032-5473 OM Aneurysm Aorta Aortic Aneurysm complications Esophagus Hematemesis etiology Humans Melena etiology AORTIC ANEURYSM

1962 Postgraduate medical journal

159. Spontaneous Rupture of Å’sophagus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spontaneous Rupture of Å’sophagus 19994170 2010 06 25 2010 06 25 0035-9157 55 7 1962 Jul Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Spontaneous Rupture of OEsophagus. 602-3 Makey A R AR eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 2009 12 9 6 0 1962 7 1 0 0 1962 7 1 0 1 ppublish 19994170 PMC1896459

1962 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

160. Esophageal Varices

, Oesophageal varices NOS , Varices esophageal , Varices;oesophageal , Varicose veins;oesophagus , varices esophageal , esophageal varice , esophageal varix , esophagus varicose veins , varicose veins esophagus , varix esophagus , Oesophageal varices NOS (disorder) , Esophageal varices NOS (disorder) , Oesophageal varices (disorder) , Varices oesophageal , Esophageal varices , Esophageal varix , Oesophageal varices , Oesophageal varix , OV - Esophageal varices , OV - Oesophageal varices , Esophageal varices (...) (disorder) , esophagus; varices , varices; esophagus , Esophageal varices, NOS , Oesophageal varices, NOS , Esophageal Varices , oesophageal varices , Varices;esophageal , Varicose veins;esophagus , varicose veins on the esophagus , varicose veins on the oesophagus Portuguese VARIZES ESOFAGICAS , Varizes esofágicas NE , Varizes Esofágicas , Varizes do esófago , Varizes esofágicas Spanish VARICES ESOFAGICAS , Varices esofágicas NEOM , Varices Esofágicas , várices esofágicas, SAI , várices esofágicas, SAI

2015 FP Notebook

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