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Epidemiology Rates

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1. Current epidemiology and guidance for COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, in children: March 2020

Current epidemiology and guidance for COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, in children: March 2020 Current epidemiology and guidance for COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, in children: March 2020Current epidemiology and guidance for COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, in children: March 2020 | Canadian Paediatric Society A home for paediatricians. A voice for children and youth. Current: Current epidemiology and… Practice Point Current epidemiology and guidance for COVID-19 caused by SARS (...) individuals (97%) develop symptoms within 10.5 days of exposure [ ] . Common symptoms are fever, malaise, and cough. In a few reports, virus has been detected in individuals before the onset of significant symptoms, so transmission is theoretically possible with minor or no symptoms [ ] . A small proportion of cases present with acute respiratory failure, and the death rate in adults varies between 1% and 3% [ ] . Chest imaging abnormalities include bilateral, peripherally located ground-glass opacities

2020 Canadian Paediatric Society

2. Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020

Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020 Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020 | Canadian Paediatric Society A home for paediatricians. A voice for children and youth. Current: Update on COVID-19… Practice Point Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020 Posted: Apr 29, 2020 The Canadian (...) Paediatric Society gives permission to print single copies of this document from our website. For permission to reprint or reproduce multiple copies, please see our . Principal author(s) Nicole Le Saux; Canadian Paediatric Society, Epidemiology Since the COVID-19 pandemic was declared in early March 2020, affected countries have been publishing their epidemiological data in close succession. A scan of the literature up to April 26 revealed that proportions of children infected with COVID-19 range

2020 Canadian Paediatric Society

3. Potential epidemiologic, economic, and budgetary impacts of current rates of hepatitis C treatment in medicare and non‐medicare populations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potential epidemiologic, economic, and budgetary impacts of current rates of hepatitis C treatment in medicare and non‐medicare populations We forecast the health and budgetary impact of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment on the Medicare program based on currently observed rates of treatment among Medicare and non-Medicare patients and identify the impact of higher rates of treatment among non-Medicare populations. We developed a computer microsimulation model to conduct an epidemiologic forecast (...) , a budgetary impact analysis, and a cost-effectiveness analysis of the treatment of HCV based on three scenarios: 1) no treatment, 2) continuation of current-treatment rates, and 3) treatment rates among non-Medicare patients increased to match that of Medicare patients. The simulated population is based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. HCV progression rates and costs were calculated in Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program Medicare 5% claims data from the Chronic

2017 Hepatology communications

4. Is self-esteem associated with self-rated health among French college students? A longitudinal epidemiological study: the i-Share cohort. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is self-esteem associated with self-rated health among French college students? A longitudinal epidemiological study: the i-Share cohort. The aim of the study was to estimate the association between self-esteem and subsequent self-rated health during college years, taking into account a wide range of potential confounders.Prospective longitudinal study.The French i-Share cohort.The sample consisted of 1011 college students.The association between self-esteem and later self-rated health (...) was evaluated using multivariate modelling.Data regarding self-rated health, global self-esteem and demographic, educational, social, behavioural, environmental and financial characteristics were collected through an internet-based questionnaire.The 1011 participants had a median age of 21.9 years and 79% (795/1011) were females. Self-rated health was assessed a median of 8 months after the self-esteem measurement. Twenty per cent of the students declared average to very poor health (203/1011). Students

2019 BMJ open

5. Epidemiology and Investigations for Suspected Endometrial Cancer

Epidemiology and Investigations for Suspected Endometrial Cancer No. 291-Epidemiology and Investigations for Suspected Endometrial Cancer - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 40, Issue 9, Pages e703–e711 No. 291-Epidemiology and Investigations for Suspected Endometrial Cancer x Marie-Claude Renaud , MD Québec City, QC x Tien Le , MD Ottawa, ON No. 291, April 2013 (Replaces no. 51, November 1996, Reaffirmed (...) September 2018) DOI: To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Abstract Objective To review the evidence relating to the epidemiology of endometrial cancer and its diagnostic workups. Options Women with possible endometrial cancer can undergo an endometrial evaluation by office biopsy, hysteroscopy, or dilatation and curettage. To assist in treatment planning, pelvic ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI may be considered. Outcomes

2018 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

6. Evaluation of epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics and mortality rate of patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in the northeast region of Turkey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics and mortality rate of patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in the northeast region of Turkey. : Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), an illness characterized by fever and hemorrhage, is caused by a CCHF virus (CCHFV). It is an important public health problem in Turkey. The objective of this study was to evaluate the demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics and mortality rates of CCHF patients (...) and 4.4% by IFA methods. Severe cases constituted 22.3% (46) of the included patients. Throughout the course of this study, 7 (3.4%) patients died, and the remaining 96.6% (199) patients were discharged with a full recovery. Disease severity was significantly correlated with mortality rate and duration of hospitalization (p <0.001 and p = 0.013).: In this study, the mortality rate observed was lower than that reported in the literature because of accessibility of early supportive therapy. It would

2018 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

7. Disparities in the Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate According to Cockcroft‐Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease‐4, and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration Equations and Relation With Outcomes in Patients With Acute Corona Full Text available with Trip Pro

Disparities in the Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate According to Cockcroft‐Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease‐4, and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration Equations and Relation With Outcomes in Patients With Acute Corona A simple method to assess renal function is the estimated glomerular filtration rate, and it shows prognostic implications. However, it remains unknown which equation should be used in patients with acute coronary syndrome. We compared (...) the ability and correlation of the Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease-4 (MDRD-4), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations and their predictive performance for major adverse cardiovascular events, all-cause mortality, and major bleeding in a cohort of patients with acute coronary syndrome.Multicenter prospective registry involving 1699 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome from 3 tertiary institutions. At entry, renal function was assessed

2018 Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease

8. The Epidemiological Influence of Climatic Factors on Shigellosis Incidence Rates in Korea Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Epidemiological Influence of Climatic Factors on Shigellosis Incidence Rates in Korea Research has shown the effects of climatic factors on shigellosis; however, no previous study has evaluated climatic effects in regions with a winter seasonality of shigellosis incidence. We examined the effects of temperature and precipitation on shigellosis incidence in Korea from 2002⁻2010. The incidence of shigellosis was calculated based on data from the Korean Center for Disease Control (...) and Prevention (KCDC, Cheongju, Korea), and a generalized additive model (GAM) was used to analyze the associations between the incidence and climatic factors. The annual incidence rate of shigellosis was 7.9 cases/million persons from 2002⁻2010. During 2007⁻2010, high incidence rates and winter seasonality were observed among those aged ≥65 years, but not among lower age groups. Based on the GAM model, the incidence of shigellosis is expected to increase by 13.6% and 2.9% with a temperature increase of 1 °C

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

9. Couple serostatus patterns in sub-Saharan Africa illuminate the relative roles of transmission rates and sexual network characteristics in HIV epidemiology Full Text available with Trip Pro

Couple serostatus patterns in sub-Saharan Africa illuminate the relative roles of transmission rates and sexual network characteristics in HIV epidemiology HIV prevalence has surpassed 30% in some African countries while peaking at less than 1% in others. The extent to which this variation is driven by biological factors influencing the HIV transmission rate or by variation in sexual network characteristics remains widely debated. Here, we leverage couple serostatus patterns to address (...) this question. HIV prevalence is strongly correlated with couple serostatus patterns across the continent; in particular, high prevalence countries tend to have a lower ratio of serodiscordancy to concordant positivity. To investigate the drivers of this continental pattern, we fit an HIV transmission model to Demographic and Health Survey data from 45,041 cohabiting couples in 25 countries. In doing so, we estimated country-specific HIV transmission rates and sexual network characteristics reflective

2018 Scientific reports

10. Epidemiology of breast cancer in Cyprus: Data on newly diagnosed cases and survival rates Full Text available with Trip Pro

Epidemiology of breast cancer in Cyprus: Data on newly diagnosed cases and survival rates This article presents analyzed data on new diagnoses and mortality of breast cancer, between 2005 and 2013, in the Republic of Cyprus. New diagnoses are presented by demographic and clinical/histological variables that include cancer grade, behaviour, stage, and histological type at diagnosis (always as a primary site). Breast cancer-related deaths are presented by gender. Net survival rates based

2018 Data in brief

11. Diagnostic test guidelines based on high-quality evidence had greater rates of adherence: A meta-epidemiological study. (Abstract)

Diagnostic test guidelines based on high-quality evidence had greater rates of adherence: A meta-epidemiological study. To determine the association between the quality of guidelines for diagnostic tests (both the quality and reporting and the quality of the evidence underpinning recommendations) and nonadherence.We conducted a meta-epidemiological study. We previously published a systematic review that quantified the percentage of test use that was nonadherent with guidelines. For the present

2018 Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

12. Incidence of diseases primarily affecting the skin by age group: population-based epidemiologic study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and comparison with age-specific incidence rates worldwide. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Incidence of diseases primarily affecting the skin by age group: population-based epidemiologic study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and comparison with age-specific incidence rates worldwide. Understanding the effects of age on the epidemiology of diseases primarily affecting the skin is important to the practice of dermatology, both for proper allocation of resources and for optimal patient-centered care. To fully appreciate the effect that age may have on the population-based calculations (...) of incidence of diseases primarily affecting the skin in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and worldwide, we performed a review of all relevant Rochester Epidemiology Project-published data and compared them to similar reports in the worldwide English literature. Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, population-based epidemiologic studies have been performed to estimate the incidence of specific skin diseases over the past 50 years. In older persons (>65 years), nonmelanoma skin cancer, lentigo maligna

2018 International Journal of Dermatology

13. Serum Creatinine and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate: Independent Predictors of Renal Replacement Therapy following Cardiac Surgery. (Abstract)

Serum Creatinine and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate: Independent Predictors of Renal Replacement Therapy following Cardiac Surgery. Most studies evaluating predictors of renal replacement therapy (RRT) following cardiac surgery use arbitrary defined limits of preoperative serum creatinine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative renal function using either estimated-glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) derived using Chronic Kidney (...) Disease-Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) or serum creatinine alone as a predictor for RRT after cardiac surgery.In this prospective cohort study, baseline, intraoperative, and postoperative data of all patients who underwent an elective, urgent, or emergency cardiac surgery between 2012 and 2016 in a single center were analyzed in order to identify multivariate parameters determining the need for RRT after surgery. For preoperative renal function, we used serum creatinine levels and eGFR-derived CKD-EPI

2018 American journal of nephrology

14. Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in South Asians in the United States: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Treatments: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

is an important component to understanding the epidemiology of disease in this high-risk population and clarifying the most likely evolutionary theory to explain high disease rates. This will require more dedicated population-based studies with careful attention to population substructure, comparisons of effects across different ethnic groups, explicit evaluation of gene-environment interactions, and evaluation of molecular factors other than DNA-based “static” variation, including epigenetic effects (...) Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in South Asians in the United States: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Treatments: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in South Asians in the United States: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Treatments: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019

2018 American Heart Association

15. Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equations for estimating glomerular filtration rates in cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equations for estimating glomerular filtration rates in cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy Although the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation has been recommended for accurate estimates of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), there is little information regarding differences in GFR estimates obtained using the Cockcroft-Gault (CG

2017 Kidney research and clinical practice

16. Changes in medical management and colectomy rates: a population-based cohort study on the epidemiology and natural history of ulcerative colitis in Örebro, Sweden, 1963-2010. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in medical management and colectomy rates: a population-based cohort study on the epidemiology and natural history of ulcerative colitis in Örebro, Sweden, 1963-2010. Whether the epidemiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) has changed during recent decades is partly unknown.To depict temporal trends in the epidemiology and medical treatment of UC as well as the long-term risk of progression in disease extent and colectomy, during 1963-2010.Patients were identified by evaluation of all (...) for progression in disease extent was 34.5% and 18.5% at 10 years, for patients with proctitis and left-sided colitis, respectively (P < .01). The use of 5-aminosalicylates, within 10 years, rise from 79% to 92% between 1963-1975 and 1976-1990 (P < .01). Thiopurine use increased from 7% in 1976-1990 to 34% during 1991-2005 (P < .01). The colectomy rate at 10 years was 13.5% (95% CI 11.1%-15.8%), and the risk was lower among patients diagnosed in 1991-2005 compared to 1963-1975 (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.61; 95

2017 Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

17. Trend analysis of mortality rates and causes of death in children under 5 years old in Beijing, China from 1992 to 2015 and forecast of mortality into the future: an entire population-based epidemiological study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trend analysis of mortality rates and causes of death in children under 5 years old in Beijing, China from 1992 to 2015 and forecast of mortality into the future: an entire population-based epidemiological study. To analyse trends in mortality and causes of death among children aged under 5 years in Beijing, China between 1992 and 2015 and to forecast under-5 mortality rates (U5MRs) for the period 2016-2020.An entire population-based epidemiological study was conducted. Data collection (...) was based on the Child Death Reporting Card of the Beijing Under-5 Mortality Rate Surveillance Network. Trends in mortality and leading causes of death were analysed using the χ2 test and SPSS 19.0 software. An autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model was fitted to forecast U5MRs between 2016 and 2020 using the EViews 8.0 software.Mortality in neonates, infants and children aged under 5 years decreased by 84.06%, 80.04% and 80.17% from 1992 to 2015, respectively. However, the U5MR

2017 BMJ open

18. Plasma Proteomics for Epidemiology: Increasing Throughput With Standard-Flow Rates. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Plasma Proteomics for Epidemiology: Increasing Throughput With Standard-Flow Rates. Mass spectrometry is selective and sensitive, permitting routine quantification of multiple plasma proteins. However, commonly used nanoflow liquid chromatography (LC) approaches hamper sample throughput, reproducibility, and robustness. For this reason, most publications using plasma proteomics to date are small in study size.Here, we tested a standard-flow LC mass spectrometry (MS) method using multiple (...) reaction monitoring for the application to large epidemiological cohorts. We have reduced the LC-MS run time to almost a third of the nanoflow LC-MS approach. On the basis of a comparison of the quantification of 100 plasma proteins in >1500 LC-MS runs, the SD range of the retention time during continuous operation was substantially lower with the standard-flow LC-MS (<0.05 minutes) compared with the nanoflow LC-MS method (0.26-0.44 minutes). In addition, the standard-flow LC method also offered less

2017 Circulation. Cardiovascular genetics

19. Time-varying and state-dependent recovery rates in epidemiological models Full Text available with Trip Pro

Time-varying and state-dependent recovery rates in epidemiological models Differential equation models of infectious disease have undergone many theoretical extensions that are invaluable for the evaluation of disease spread. For instance, while one traditionally uses a bilinear term to describe the incidence rate of infection, physically more realistic generalizations exist to account for effects such as the saturation of infection. However, such theoretical extensions of recovery rates (...) in differential equation models have only started to be developed. This is despite the fact that a constant rate often does not provide a good description of the dynamics of recovery and that the recovery rate is arguably as important as the incidence rate in governing the dynamics of a system. We provide a first-principles derivation of state-dependent and time-varying recovery rates in differential equation models of infectious disease. Through this derivation, we demonstrate how to obtain time-varying

2017 Infectious Disease Modelling

20. Optimal control of vaccination rate in an epidemiological model of Clostridium difficile transmission Full Text available with Trip Pro

Optimal control of vaccination rate in an epidemiological model of Clostridium difficile transmission The spore-forming, gram-negative bacteria Clostridium difficile can cause severe intestinal illness. A striking increase in the number of cases of C. difficile infection (CDI) among hospitals has highlighted the need to better understand how to prevent the spread of CDI. In our paper, we modify and update a compartmental model of nosocomial C. difficile transmission to include vaccination. We (...) then apply optimal control theory to determine the time-varying optimal vaccination rate that minimizes a combination of disease prevalence and spread in the hospital population as well as cost, in terms of time and money, associated with vaccination. Various hospital scenarios are considered, such as times of increased antibiotic prescription rate and times of outbreak, to see how such scenarios modify the optimal vaccination rate. By comparing the values of the objective functional with constant

2017 Journal of mathematical biology

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