How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

190 results for

Eosinophilic Cellulitis

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

101. Septic Shock (Overview)

into a morphologic picture termed diffuse alveolar damage (DAD). The clinical and pathologic evolution can be categorized into the following 3 overlapping phases [ ] : Exudative phase (edema and hemorrhage) Proliferative phase (organization and repair) Fibrotic phase (end-stage fibrosis) The exudative phase of DAD occurs in the first week and is dominated by alveolar edema and hemorrhage (see the images below). Other histologic features include dense eosinophilic hyaline membranes and disruption of the capillary

2014 eMedicine.com

102. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (Overview)

that respond to pathogens. Humoral immunity (immunoglobulin A) and cellular immunity act to reduce infections throughout the entire respiratory tract. Resident and recruited macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophils coordinate to engulf and destroy invaders. A host of inflammatory cytokines mediates the immune response to invading pathogens. Normal nasopharyngeal flora, including various staphylococcal and streptococcal species, help to defend against potential pathogens. Patients (...) , but immunocompromised persons may have a more severe course. Untreated group A streptococcal pharyngitis can result in the following: Acute rheumatic fever Acute glomerulonephritis Peritonsillar abscess Toxic shock syndrome Impetigo Cellulitis or abscess Otitis Sinusitis Conjunctivitis Bronchitis Mortality from group A streptococcal pharyngitis is rare, but serious morbidity or death may result from one of its complications. Streptococcal pharyngitis without complications rarely poses significant risk for morbidity

2014 eMedicine.com

103. Agranulocytosis (Overview)

, namely neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils. However, the term granulocytopenia is often used synonymously with neutropenia and, in that sense, is again confined to the neutrophil lineage alone. The risk of serious infection increases as the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) falls to the severely neutropenic range (< 500/µL). The duration and severity of neutropenia directly correlate with the total incidence of all infections and of those infections that are life threatening. Tuberculosis (see (...) ). [ , ] Granulocytopenia is defined as a reduced number of blood granulocytes, namely neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils. However, the term granulocytopenia is often used synonymously with neutropenia and, in that sense, is again confined to the neutrophil lineage alone. Neutropenia is defined in terms of the absolute neutrophil count (ANC). The ANC is calculated by multiplying the total white blood cell (WBC) count by the percentage of neutrophils (segmented neutrophils or granulocytes) plus the band forms

2014 eMedicine.com

104. Id Reaction (Autoeczematization) (Overview)

, Lee YP, Lee JY. Eosinophilic cellulitis and panniculitis with generalized vesicular pustular id reaction after a molten aluminum burn. Dermatitis . 2010 Jun. 21(3):E11-5. . Cunningham MJ, Zone JJ, Petersen MJ, Green JA. Circulating activated (DR-positive) T lymphocytes in a patient with autoeczematization. J Am Acad Dermatol . 1986 Jun. 14(6):1039-41. . Kasteler JS, Petersen MJ, Vance JE, Zone JJ. Circulating activated T lymphocytes in autoeczematization. Arch Dermatol . 1992 Jun. 128(6):795-8

2014 eMedicine.com

105. Dirofilariasis (Overview)

Thighs Abdominal wall Male genitalia Ophthalmic involvement may be periorbital, [ , ] subconjunctival, [ ] subtenon, [ ] or intraocular. [ ] See for more detail. Diagnosis Studies used in the diagnosis and evaluation of dirofilariasis include the following: Complete blood count (CBC) - Using a CBC, eosinophilia may be detected in up to 20% of cases of HPD Sputum cytology - The presence of eosinophils may support a diagnosis of HPD in patients with a coin lesion observed on radiography, although (...) in endemic areas of northeastern Italy indicated that the mosquito host Culex pipiens fed on dogs 70% of the time and on humans 26% of the time. [ ] D immitis is most often associated with coin lesions of the lung (human pulmonary dirofilariasis, or HPD), but isolated reports exist of D immitis or D immitis –like worms causing cutaneous or conjunctival disease. Extrapulmonary D immitis infections described in the literature include a hepatic nodule, [ ] eosinophilic meningitis, [ ] intraocular infection

2014 eMedicine.com

106. Dermatologic Manifestations of Pulmonary Disease (Overview)

more than 1.5 X 10 9 cells/L. Eosinophilia is also common in patients with asthma; however, the magnitude is greater in patients with the Churg-Strauss syndrome. Eosinophils are the dominant cell in pleural or pericardial effusions. Other laboratory findings may include a positive perinuclear ANCA serology and elevated immunoglobulin E levels. Cutaneous findings As many as 70% of patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome have cutaneous manifestations. [ ] A variety of lesions may be seen, the most (...) common of which are palpable purpura, subcutaneous nodules, urticarial rashes, and livedo reticularis. Palpable purpura usually involves the lower extremities and is common but nonspecific. Biopsy of these lesions reveals leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The most distinctive lesions are tender subcutaneous nodules occurring on the limbs and scalp, or, less frequently, on the trunk. Biopsies of these lesions reveal an eosinophilic granuloma, characterized by a necrotic core surrounded by densely packed

2014 eMedicine.com

107. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Overview)

with painful, necrotic skin ulcers. Histopathology evaluation reveals medial calcification and intimal hyperplasia of small and medium-sized arteries of dermal and subcutaneous tissues. [ ] The differential diagnosis includes vasculitis, cholesterol embolization syndrome, warfarin-induced skin necrosis, nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, ecthyma, cryofibrinogenemia, cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, coagulation disorders, and adverse drug effects. Treatment options are limited. [ ] Next: Cutaneous (...) walls and without evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilic thrombi or fibrin can occlude some capillaries. In patients with small-vessel thrombosis induced by cold agglutinin disease, the differential diagnoses must include (DIC), (TTP), warfarin (Coumadin)–induced skin necrosis, cryofibrinogenemia, and (PNH). The best treatment of cold agglutinin disease is avoidance of cold temperatures. In contrast to the treatment of other hemolytic anemias, steroids and splenectomy have no role in the treatment

2014 eMedicine.com

108. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Overview)

inflammation. Additional treatment includes proper hygiene, with washing and drying of the prepuce. Circumcision is usually effective and may be indicated if medical therapy fails. [ ] The outcome in treated patients is favorable, and serious complications are rare. Uncommonly, untreated cases can result in cellulitis and gangrene. Treatment failures should prompt further clinical examination and consideration of other etiologies. Failure of response in the setting of appropriate treatment suggests (...) . [ ] The histopathologic features show a thinned epidermis or epithelium and a dense, superficial, bandlike, predominantly plasmacytic, inflammatory infiltrate in the dermis. The dermal infiltrate also contains lymphocytes, neutrophils, histiocytes, and eosinophils. Dilated capillaries and associated extravasated red cells and hemosiderin deposition may also develop. Differential diagnoses The clinical presentation of Zoon balanitis can mimic erythroplasia of Queyrat (see ). Biopsy is necessary to differentiate

2014 eMedicine.com

109. Cutaneous Manifestations of HIV Disease (Overview)

. The most common cutaneous infections in children with HIV disease are impetigo and cellulitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus . Other cutaneous manifestations of HIV infection in the pediatric age group are as follows: Recurrent herpetic gingivostomatitis Scabies Severe atopic dermatitis Drug eruptions Leukocytoclastic vasculitis Previous Next: Malignancies (KS) was the first reported malignancy associated with HIV infection and was first documented in 1981 from reports in New York, Los Angeles (...) suggest HIV infection. Bournerias et al reported tinea capitis from Microsporum canis in 2 patients infected with HIV. [ ] Pityriasis versicolor may be persistent and recurrent in patients with HIV infection. Previous Next: Deep Fungal Infections Rarely, cutaneous cryptococcosis may be observed in patients with HIV infection. [ ] Clinical manifestations include the following: Cellulitis Papules Plaques Ulcers Translucent dome-shaped papules with central umbilication, resembling MC Cutaneous

2014 eMedicine.com

110. Dirofilariasis (Treatment)

, Neafie RC, Perry HD. Subcutaneous dirofilariasis of the eyelid and ocular adnexa. Report of six cases. Arch Ophthalmol . 1980 Jun. 98(6):1079-82. . Joseph K, Vinayakumar AR, Criton S, Vishnu MS, Pariyaram SE. Periorbital mass with cellulitis caused by dirofilaria. Indian J Med Microbiol . 2011. 29 (4):431-3. . . Mittal M, Sathish KR, Bhatia PG, Chidamber BS. Ocular dirofilariasis in Dubai, UAE. Indian J Ophthalmol . 2008 Jul-Aug. 56(4):325-6. . . Sathyan P, Manikandan P, Bhaskar M, Padma S, Singh G (...) and human exposure to Dirofilaria immitis infected mosquitoes in endemic areas of Italy. Parasit Vectors . 2013 Mar 7. 6:60. . . Kim MK, Kim CH, Yeom BW, Park SH, Choi SY, Choi JS. The first human case of hepatic dirofilariasis. J Korean Med Sci . 2002 Oct. 17(5):686-90. . Dobson C, Welch JS. Dirofilariasis as a cause of eosinophilic meningitis in man diagnosed by immunofluorescence and Arthus hypersensitivity. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg . 1974. 68(3):223-8. . Moorhouse DE. Dirofilaria immitis: a cause

2014 eMedicine.com

111. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Treatment)

are used to reduce inflammation. Additional treatment includes proper hygiene, with washing and drying of the prepuce. Circumcision is usually effective and may be indicated if medical therapy fails. [ ] The outcome in treated patients is favorable, and serious complications are rare. Uncommonly, untreated cases can result in cellulitis and gangrene. Treatment failures should prompt further clinical examination and consideration of other etiologies. Failure of response in the setting of appropriate (...) confocal microscopy. [ ] The histopathologic features show a thinned epidermis or epithelium and a dense, superficial, bandlike, predominantly plasmacytic, inflammatory infiltrate in the dermis. The dermal infiltrate also contains lymphocytes, neutrophils, histiocytes, and eosinophils. Dilated capillaries and associated extravasated red cells and hemosiderin deposition may also develop. Differential diagnoses The clinical presentation of Zoon balanitis can mimic erythroplasia of Queyrat (see ). Biopsy

2014 eMedicine.com

112. Dermatologic Manifestations of Pulmonary Disease (Treatment)

effusions. Laboratory findings include striking peripheral eosinophilia, usually more than 1.5 X 10 9 cells/L. Eosinophilia is also common in patients with asthma; however, the magnitude is greater in patients with the Churg-Strauss syndrome. Eosinophils are the dominant cell in pleural or pericardial effusions. Other laboratory findings may include a positive perinuclear ANCA serology and elevated immunoglobulin E levels. Cutaneous findings As many as 70% of patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome have (...) cutaneous manifestations. [ ] A variety of lesions may be seen, the most common of which are palpable purpura, subcutaneous nodules, urticarial rashes, and livedo reticularis. Palpable purpura usually involves the lower extremities and is common but nonspecific. Biopsy of these lesions reveals leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The most distinctive lesions are tender subcutaneous nodules occurring on the limbs and scalp, or, less frequently, on the trunk. Biopsies of these lesions reveal an eosinophilic

2014 eMedicine.com

113. Cutaneous Manifestations of HIV Disease (Treatment)

. The most common cutaneous infections in children with HIV disease are impetigo and cellulitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus . Other cutaneous manifestations of HIV infection in the pediatric age group are as follows: Recurrent herpetic gingivostomatitis Scabies Severe atopic dermatitis Drug eruptions Leukocytoclastic vasculitis Previous Next: Malignancies (KS) was the first reported malignancy associated with HIV infection and was first documented in 1981 from reports in New York, Los Angeles (...) suggest HIV infection. Bournerias et al reported tinea capitis from Microsporum canis in 2 patients infected with HIV. [ ] Pityriasis versicolor may be persistent and recurrent in patients with HIV infection. Previous Next: Deep Fungal Infections Rarely, cutaneous cryptococcosis may be observed in patients with HIV infection. [ ] Clinical manifestations include the following: Cellulitis Papules Plaques Ulcers Translucent dome-shaped papules with central umbilication, resembling MC Cutaneous

2014 eMedicine.com

114. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment)

with painful, necrotic skin ulcers. Histopathology evaluation reveals medial calcification and intimal hyperplasia of small and medium-sized arteries of dermal and subcutaneous tissues. [ ] The differential diagnosis includes vasculitis, cholesterol embolization syndrome, warfarin-induced skin necrosis, nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, ecthyma, cryofibrinogenemia, cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, coagulation disorders, and adverse drug effects. Treatment options are limited. [ ] Next: Cutaneous (...) walls and without evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilic thrombi or fibrin can occlude some capillaries. In patients with small-vessel thrombosis induced by cold agglutinin disease, the differential diagnoses must include (DIC), (TTP), warfarin (Coumadin)–induced skin necrosis, cryofibrinogenemia, and (PNH). The best treatment of cold agglutinin disease is avoidance of cold temperatures. In contrast to the treatment of other hemolytic anemias, steroids and splenectomy have no role in the treatment

2014 eMedicine.com

115. Paraneoplastic Diseases (Follow-up)

are the usual manifestations. These changes may progress to the point that the nail sheds. Diagnosis Histopathologic analysis of samples from the affected sites reveals nonspecific changes, including hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, parakeratosis, and dyskeratotic keratinocytes. Perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates are variably present with eosinophils and neutrophils. Direct immunofluorescence is also nonspecific. The diagnosis is based on the characteristic distribution of skin changes. The main entity

2014 eMedicine.com

116. Papular Urticaria (Follow-up)

, dock workers, packers, and indoor workers. These mites are invisible to the naked eye. [ ] The histopathologic pattern in papular urticaria consists of mild subepidermal edema, extravasation of erythrocytes, interstitial eosinophils, and exocytosis of lymphocytes. These findings suggest a pathophysiologic process that is immunologically based. [ ] Morphologic and immunohistochemical evidence suggest that a type I hypersensitivity reaction plays a central role in the pathogenesis of papular (...) persisting after resolution. [ ] Scratching may produce erosions and ulcerations. Secondary impetigo or pyoderma is common. Having pets and the use of colognes were identified as predisposing factors for insect bite dermatitis in one large study, whereas atopy was not. [ ] Papular urticaria. Previous Next: Differential Diagnosis When evaluating a patient with papular urticaria, the following conditions should also be considered: True cellulitis [ ] Histopathologic differentials The histopathologic

2014 eMedicine.com

117. Dirofilariasis (Follow-up)

, Neafie RC, Perry HD. Subcutaneous dirofilariasis of the eyelid and ocular adnexa. Report of six cases. Arch Ophthalmol . 1980 Jun. 98(6):1079-82. . Joseph K, Vinayakumar AR, Criton S, Vishnu MS, Pariyaram SE. Periorbital mass with cellulitis caused by dirofilaria. Indian J Med Microbiol . 2011. 29 (4):431-3. . . Mittal M, Sathish KR, Bhatia PG, Chidamber BS. Ocular dirofilariasis in Dubai, UAE. Indian J Ophthalmol . 2008 Jul-Aug. 56(4):325-6. . . Sathyan P, Manikandan P, Bhaskar M, Padma S, Singh G (...) and human exposure to Dirofilaria immitis infected mosquitoes in endemic areas of Italy. Parasit Vectors . 2013 Mar 7. 6:60. . . Kim MK, Kim CH, Yeom BW, Park SH, Choi SY, Choi JS. The first human case of hepatic dirofilariasis. J Korean Med Sci . 2002 Oct. 17(5):686-90. . Dobson C, Welch JS. Dirofilariasis as a cause of eosinophilic meningitis in man diagnosed by immunofluorescence and Arthus hypersensitivity. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg . 1974. 68(3):223-8. . Moorhouse DE. Dirofilaria immitis: a cause

2014 eMedicine.com

118. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Follow-up)

are used to reduce inflammation. Additional treatment includes proper hygiene, with washing and drying of the prepuce. Circumcision is usually effective and may be indicated if medical therapy fails. [ ] The outcome in treated patients is favorable, and serious complications are rare. Uncommonly, untreated cases can result in cellulitis and gangrene. Treatment failures should prompt further clinical examination and consideration of other etiologies. Failure of response in the setting of appropriate (...) confocal microscopy. [ ] The histopathologic features show a thinned epidermis or epithelium and a dense, superficial, bandlike, predominantly plasmacytic, inflammatory infiltrate in the dermis. The dermal infiltrate also contains lymphocytes, neutrophils, histiocytes, and eosinophils. Dilated capillaries and associated extravasated red cells and hemosiderin deposition may also develop. Differential diagnoses The clinical presentation of Zoon balanitis can mimic erythroplasia of Queyrat (see ). Biopsy

2014 eMedicine.com

119. Dermatologic Manifestations of Pulmonary Disease (Follow-up)

effusions. Laboratory findings include striking peripheral eosinophilia, usually more than 1.5 X 10 9 cells/L. Eosinophilia is also common in patients with asthma; however, the magnitude is greater in patients with the Churg-Strauss syndrome. Eosinophils are the dominant cell in pleural or pericardial effusions. Other laboratory findings may include a positive perinuclear ANCA serology and elevated immunoglobulin E levels. Cutaneous findings As many as 70% of patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome have (...) cutaneous manifestations. [ ] A variety of lesions may be seen, the most common of which are palpable purpura, subcutaneous nodules, urticarial rashes, and livedo reticularis. Palpable purpura usually involves the lower extremities and is common but nonspecific. Biopsy of these lesions reveals leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The most distinctive lesions are tender subcutaneous nodules occurring on the limbs and scalp, or, less frequently, on the trunk. Biopsies of these lesions reveal an eosinophilic

2014 eMedicine.com

120. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Follow-up)

with painful, necrotic skin ulcers. Histopathology evaluation reveals medial calcification and intimal hyperplasia of small and medium-sized arteries of dermal and subcutaneous tissues. [ ] The differential diagnosis includes vasculitis, cholesterol embolization syndrome, warfarin-induced skin necrosis, nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, ecthyma, cryofibrinogenemia, cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, coagulation disorders, and adverse drug effects. Treatment options are limited. [ ] Next: Cutaneous (...) walls and without evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilic thrombi or fibrin can occlude some capillaries. In patients with small-vessel thrombosis induced by cold agglutinin disease, the differential diagnoses must include (DIC), (TTP), warfarin (Coumadin)–induced skin necrosis, cryofibrinogenemia, and (PNH). The best treatment of cold agglutinin disease is avoidance of cold temperatures. In contrast to the treatment of other hemolytic anemias, steroids and splenectomy have no role in the treatment

2014 eMedicine.com

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>