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Environmental Smoke Exposure

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1. Family and carer smoking control programmes for reducing children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. (PubMed)

Family and carer smoking control programmes for reducing children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Children's exposure to other people's tobacco smoke (environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS) is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes for children. Parental smoking is a common source of children's exposure to ETS. Older children in child care or educational settings are also at risk of exposure to ETS. Preventing exposure to ETS during infancy and childhood has significant (...) potential to improve children's health worldwide.To determine the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce exposure of children to environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS.We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialised Register and conducted additional searches of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Education Resource Information Center (ERIC), and the Social

2018 Cochrane

2. Self-Reported Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Avoidance Compared with Cotinine Confirmed Tobacco Smoke Exposure among Pregnant Women and Their Infants (PubMed)

Self-Reported Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Avoidance Compared with Cotinine Confirmed Tobacco Smoke Exposure among Pregnant Women and Their Infants Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) presents substantial health risks for pregnant women and newborn infants. Measurements of ETS include invasive and expensive biochemical tests, as well as less invasive and lower-cost, self-reported exposure and avoidance measures. Better understanding of self-report measures will help (...) to select ETS assessments for evaluation.This analysis was conducted within the context of a tailored video intervention to reduce tobacco smoking and ETS exposure during pregnancy and after delivery in the control group sample of 147 nonsmoking women. Measurements of salivary cotinine concentration, self-reported ETS exposure, and avoidance behaviors were captured at 32 weeks’ gestation and 6 months postpartum.Salivary cotinine concentration was significantly related to ETS avoidance among

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

3. Trends in Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Exposure and Preterm Birth: Use of Smoking Bans and Direct ETS Exposure Assessments in Study Designs (PubMed)

Trends in Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Exposure and Preterm Birth: Use of Smoking Bans and Direct ETS Exposure Assessments in Study Designs For decades, many studies have linked maternal smoking to an increased risk of preterm birth. As a result, the scientific community has long hypothesized that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), commonly referred to as second-hand smoke, is also associated with an increased risk of preterm birth. Multiple studies have examined this proposed (...) , making it difficult to specifically evaluate the effects of smoking bans on ETS exposure. Other studies have taken the approach of directly measuring maternal ETS exposure and associations with preterm birth within particular study populations. In contrast to smoking ban studies, the latter group of studies had more inconclusive results. The use of a variety of exposure assessment methods ranging from different self-reporting techniques to biomarker measurements posed a challenge to compare studies

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2017 Chemical research in toxicology

4. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in non - smoking adults in Israel: results of the second Israel biomonitoring survey (PubMed)

Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in non - smoking adults in Israel: results of the second Israel biomonitoring survey Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) increases the risk of heart and respiratory disease, cancer, and premature mortality in non-smoking individuals. Results from the first Israel Biomonitoring Study in 2011 showed that over 60% of non-smoking adults are exposed to ETS. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether policies to restrict smoking in public (...) places have been associated with reductions in exposure to ETS, and to examine predictors of exposure.We analyzed urinary cotinine and creatinine concentrations in 194 adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition (RAV MABAT) Survey in 2015-2016. Study participants were interviewed in person on smoking status and exposure to ETS. We calculated creatinine-adjusted and unadjusted urinary cotinine geometric means and medians among smokers and non-smokers. We analyzed associations

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2018 Israel journal of health policy research

5. An educational intervention to men for reducing environmental tobacco smoke exposure in their pregnant wives. (PubMed)

An educational intervention to men for reducing environmental tobacco smoke exposure in their pregnant wives. To determine the effect of education based on health belief model (HBM) on the level of their pregnant wives' environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETSE).This interventional randomized study was conducted on 60 cigarette smoking men who have exposed their pregnant wives to smoke during of their pregnancy. The HBM constructs and weekly ETSE were evaluated by using questionnaire (...) . The intervention group received education with emphasis on the risks of cigarette's smoke on the pregnancy. Then right after the training and 6 weeks after that, HBM constructs and 6 weeks after the training the weekly ETSE were evaluated again.Results showed a significant difference between the mean of perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits and barriers at intake and 6 weeks after the intervention in the intervention group. Also, the level of perceived susceptibility/severity and perceived barriers

2019 The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians

6. Environmental exposures such as smoking and low vitamin D are predictive of poor outcome in cutaneous melanoma rather than other deprivation measures. (PubMed)

Environmental exposures such as smoking and low vitamin D are predictive of poor outcome in cutaneous melanoma rather than other deprivation measures. Lack of basic resources within a society (deprivation) is associated with increased cancer mortality and this relationship has been described for melanoma. We have previously reported the association of smoking and low vitamin D levels with melanoma death. In this study we further explored the associations of these with melanoma, in addition (...) to deprivation and socio-economic stressors. In this analysis of 2183 population-ascertained primary cutaneous melanoma patients; clinical, demographic and socio-economic variables were assessed as predictors of tumour thickness, melanoma death and overall death. Using the Townsend deprivation score, the most deprived group did not have thicker tumors compared to the least deprived. Of the WHO 25x25 risk factors for premature death, smoking and BMI were independently associated with thicker tumors. Low

2019 Journal of Investigative Dermatology

7. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Smoke-Free Rules in Homes among Socially-Disadvantaged Populations in Poland (PubMed)

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Smoke-Free Rules in Homes among Socially-Disadvantaged Populations in Poland This study aims to examine the prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in homes among socially-disadvantaged populations in Poland, along with the prevalence and correlates of voluntary implementation of smoke-free home rules. Data concerning 1617 respondents from a cross-sectional study completed in the Piotrkowski District were used, which was part (...) of the "Reducing Social Inequalities in Health" program. Overall, 19.4% of the respondents declared exposure to ETS at home. In the non-smokers group, 15.5%, including 6.6% males and 18.3% females, were exposed to ETS in their place of residence (p < 0.0001). Complete smoke-free rules were adopted by 22.1% of the study participants. Two factors, smoker status and lack of ETS-associated health risk awareness, were found to be significantly associated with no adoption of total smoking bans at home. Socially

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2017 International journal of environmental research and public health

8. Systematic review with meta analysis: Postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure is associated with objective markers of atopy in preschool-aged children

Systematic review with meta analysis: Postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure is associated with objective markers of atopy in preschool-aged children Postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure is associated with objective markers of atopy in preschool-aged children | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use (...) cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure is associated with objective markers of atopy in preschool

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2015 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

9. Environmental Exposures from Oil and Gas Emissions

: Environmental Exposures from Oil and Gas Emissions | March 2017 Clinical Practice Guideline Page 8 of 14 Background ? A routine past medical and surgical history; family history; prescription and over-the-counter medication and supplement history, diet history and a thorough health history should be carried out. ? Pertinent social and personal history, such as alcohol use, smoking, exercise, hobbies, or use of other (recreational) drugs, personal care products, and cleaning agents that may also affect (...) Environmental Exposures from Oil and Gas Emissions ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES FROM OIL AND GAS EMISSIONS Clinical Practice Guideline | March 2017 These recommendations are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They should be used as an adjunct to sound clinical decision making. OBJECTIVE Alberta clinicians will have a systematic approach to addressing patient complaints and clinical

2017 Toward Optimized Practice

10. Perceived Synergistic Risk for Lung Cancer After Environmental Report-Back Study on Home Exposure to Tobacco Smoke and Radon. (PubMed)

Perceived Synergistic Risk for Lung Cancer After Environmental Report-Back Study on Home Exposure to Tobacco Smoke and Radon. To examine the short-term impact of a personalized environmental report-back intervention to reduce home exposure to tobacco smoke and radon on perception of synergistic risk for lung cancer. Radon-induced lung cancer is more common among those exposed to tobacco smoke.Randomized controlled trial.Primary care clinics and a pharmacy waiting area at a University Medical (...) status.For treatment and control groups combined, there was a significant increase in perception of synergistic risk from baseline to 3 months, but the study groups did not differ. There was no association between perceived synergistic risk and whether or not there were smokers at home.Learning about combined risks for lung cancer, with or without dual home screening for secondhand smoke and radon and environmental report-back, may enhance perceived risk for combined environmental exposures. Evaluation

2018 American journal of health promotion : AJHP

11. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure at Home and Attributable Problem Behaviors in Korean Children and Adolescents for 2012–2014 in a Nationally Representative Survey (PubMed)

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure at Home and Attributable Problem Behaviors in Korean Children and Adolescents for 2012–2014 in a Nationally Representative Survey This study aimed to examine the environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure at home and associated problem behaviors in Korean children and adolescents.Approximately 2,167 children aged 3-18 years were included in the study after excluding 163 active smokers from the Korean Environmental Health Survey in Children and Adolescents (...) (2012-2014). ETS data were obtained using a questionnaire; problem behaviors were measured using the Child Behavior Checklist administered to parents. The relationship between ETS exposure and problem behavior was evaluated using a survey regression model adjusted for region, age, sex, income, and father's education. The population-attributable fraction (PAF%) was calculated based on problem behaviors related to ETS exposure at home.The rates of ETS exposure at home were 20%, 28%, and 39

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2018 Journal of Korean medical science

12. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy has limited effect on infant birthweight and umbilical vein endothelial nitric oxide synthase. (PubMed)

Environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy has limited effect on infant birthweight and umbilical vein endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Women who smoke, deliver significantly smaller infants. These infants have reduced levels of the vasodilator endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) levels in the umbilical vessels, which may reduce fetal growth. Serum cotinine, the degradation product of nicotine, can be used to determine the level of tobacco exposure. Newborns of environmental (...) smokers are suggested to be smaller and shorter in weight, length, and head circumference. eNOS levels have not yet been studied in these infants. We investigated the existence of a relation between maternal environmental tobacco smoke exposure, eNOS activity, concentration, and birthweight.We included 263 healthy singleton pregnancies categorized into three groups according to measured cotinine levels: 175 nonsmokers, 38 smokers, and 50 environmental smokers. Cotinine was quantified by mass

2018 Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

13. The relationship of indoor coal use and environmental tobacco smoke exposure with lung cancer in China: A meta-analysis.

The relationship of indoor coal use and environmental tobacco smoke exposure with lung cancer in China: A meta-analysis. To assess the association between long-term exposures to smoky coal, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and lung cancer incidence in China.A meta-analysis was performed on literature searched through Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Weipu, and Wanfang databases. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was used to assess the strength (...) of association between air pollution and lung cancer in China.Twenty-eight studies were included in the meta-analysis. Stratification by ETS exposure source, amount, and gender found a variation in effect. The pooled OR (95% CI) for exposure to spousal, parents, and work ETS was 1.153 (1.000-1.329), 2.117 (1.626-2.755), and 1.454 (1.307-1.618), respectively. The OR (95% CI) values related to childhood exposure was 1.297 (1.142-1.473), adulthood exposure 1.102 (0.937-1.296), exposure lower than 20 cigarette

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2018 Journal of cancer research and therapeutics

14. Female non-smokers’ environmental tobacco smoking exposure by public transportation mode (PubMed)

Female non-smokers’ environmental tobacco smoking exposure by public transportation mode This study aimed to analyze environmental tobacco smoking exposure in female nonsmokers by public transportation mode using representative data of Koreans.Data from the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012-2014) were analyzed. Urine cotinine was analyzed by public transport behavior, secondhand smoke exposure, socioeconomic factors, and health-related factors. Participants were 1322 (...) and sociodemographic factors. Implementation of supplementary measures and further studies on exposure to environmental tobacco smoking in taxis are warranted.

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2018 Annals of occupational and environmental medicine

15. Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke in Relation to Behavioral, Emotional, Social and Health Indicators of Slovak School Children (PubMed)

Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke in Relation to Behavioral, Emotional, Social and Health Indicators of Slovak School Children Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure has been shown in general as a major environmental risk factor and deserves attention in vulnerable population groups. The aim of the project is to analyze the relationships among the ETS and behavior and health in 6−15-year-old children in Slovakia. The status of physical and mental health of children in relation (...) to exposure to tobacco smoke was examined in a representative group of 1478 school children. The methods used, included anonymous questionnaires filled in by parents, Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS), Behavior Problem Index (BPI) and anthropometry. The prevalence of ETS exposure is the highest in the capital (27%) and southern cities. A significant association was found between ETS and age, socio-economic status, incompleteness of the family, level of mother’s education and a higher prevalence

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

16. A Stratified Meta-Analysis of the Association between Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke during Childhood and Adulthood and Urothelial Bladder Cancer Risk (PubMed)

A Stratified Meta-Analysis of the Association between Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke during Childhood and Adulthood and Urothelial Bladder Cancer Risk Background: Active smoking is a major risk factor for urothelial bladder cancer (UBC). However, the evidence that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) either in childhood or adult life is also associated with UBC risk is ambiguous. With this meta-analysis, we aim to summarise how exposure to ETS is associated with UBC risk (...) % confidence interval (CI) = 0.82-1.26), during adulthood at work (SOR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.78-1.18) or at home (SOR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.83-1.15) were at a similar risk of UBC compared to never smokers who were never exposed to ETS. Results for males and females were similar. Also, when pooling all estimates during both childhood and adulthood, no effect was observed (SOR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.89-1.10). Conclusions: Although measurement of exposure to ETS was imprecise, there does not seem to be an association

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

17. Discrepancy between Self-Reported and Urine Cotinine-Verified Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure among Rural Pregnant Women in China (PubMed)

Discrepancy between Self-Reported and Urine Cotinine-Verified Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure among Rural Pregnant Women in China Prenatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is the most modifiable risk factor associated with adverse child-health outcomes. However, few longitudinal studies are implemented to compare the rates of discrepancy between self-reported (SR) and urinary cotinine (UC)-verified ETS exposure during the three trimesters of pregnancy, especially in rural (...) areas. The objectives of this study were to assess the discrepancy between SR and UC-verified ETS exposure among rural women employing three measures throughout pregnancy, and to explore predictors related to these differences. This study used a prospective prenatal cohort consisting of 420 pregnant women whose ETS exposure was entirely evaluated by both SR and UC verification across three trimesters of pregnancy. Environmental tobacco exposure was assessed via SR verification, and was validated

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

18. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Can Be an Important Risk Factor for Children's Behavioral Problems, and Policies to Reduce Exposure Are Urgently Required (PubMed)

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Can Be an Important Risk Factor for Children's Behavioral Problems, and Policies to Reduce Exposure Are Urgently Required 30181733 2019 03 25 2019 03 25 1598-6357 33 36 2018 09 03 Journal of Korean medical science J. Korean Med. Sci. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Can Be an Important Risk Factor for Children's Behavioral Problems, and Policies to Reduce Exposure Are Urgently Required. e244 10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e244 Cho Hong-Jun HJ 0000-0002-5358-6549 Department (...) of Family Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. eng Editorial Comment 2018 08 14 Korea (South) J Korean Med Sci 8703518 1011-8934 0 Tobacco Smoke Pollution IM J Korean Med Sci. 2018 Jul 23;33(36):e229 30181731 Adolescent Child Humans Problem Behavior Risk Factors Surveys and Questionnaires Tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Disclosure: The author has no potential conflicts of interest to disclose. 2018 07 30 2018 07 31 2018 9 6 6 0 2018 9 6 6 0 2019 3 26 6 0

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2018 Journal of Korean medical science

19. Effects of aging and environmental tobacco smoke exposure on ocular and plasma circulatory microRNAs in the Rhesus macaque (PubMed)

Effects of aging and environmental tobacco smoke exposure on ocular and plasma circulatory microRNAs in the Rhesus macaque To identify changes induced by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in circulatory microRNA (miRNA) in plasma and ocular fluids of the Rhesus macaque and compare these changes to normal age-related changes. Tobacco smoke has been identified as the leading environmental risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD).All Rhesus macaques were housed at the California (...) National Primate Research Center (CNPRC), University of California, Davis. Four groups of animals were used: Group 1 (1-3 years old), Group 2 (19-28 years old), Group 3 (10-16 years old), and Group 4 (middle aged, 9-14 years old). Group 4 was exposed to smoke for 1 month. Ocular fluids and plasma samples were collected, miRNAs isolated, and expression data obtained using Affymetrix miRNA GeneTitan Array Plates 4.0. Bioinformatics analysis was done on the Affymetrix Expression Console (EC

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2018 Molecular vision

20. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke by healthy children aged below five (Preliminary study) (PubMed)

Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke by healthy children aged below five (Preliminary study) Children are commonly affected by environmental tobacco smoke. The presence of exposure can be deduced from urinary urine kotinine/creatinine ratio and history. The aim of this study was to investigate passive smoking in healthy children between one-month and five year old, and to determine the adverse effects of passive smoking on child health.Children between one-month and five year old who were (...) respiratory infections (p=0.047).In these regularly-monitored preschool children, we found frequent exposure to cigarette smoke. This study contributes to national data and will aid in increasing the awareness for the deleterious effects of passive smoking on child health.

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2018 Turkish Archives of Pediatrics/Türk Pediatri Arşivi

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