Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4)
How to Trip Rapid Review
Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)
Step 2: press
Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.
, and a clinician, Patrick Steptoe, who pioneered the successful clinical use of IVF. This article was not intended to be a conventional history of science, but instead has primarily focused on those early discoveries which in the author's opinion were critical to our current understanding of mammalian reproduction. There are some digressions and many omissions necessitated by attempting to cover 300 years in a relatively short essay. In particular, there is no mention of endocrinology because this area has (...) been covered in numerous reviews and books. The main sources of historical information for this article were the authoritative books of Professor Cole (1930), Dr Elizabeth Gasking (1967), Professor John Farley (1982), Dr Fielding H. Garrison (1929) and the Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society or Letters collated from the latter.
Terminology used to describe volume expanding resuscitation fluid. Many published reports state that the type of resuscitation fluid to be used for volume expansion should be "isotonic crystalloid" or "isotonic fluid". Generally, this terminology refers to normal saline (NS) and lactated Ringer's (LR) solution. This terminology is suboptimal technically since not all "isotonic" crystalloids are sufficient volume expanders. A total of 48 reference books from the areas of general pediatrics (...) , pediatric emergency medicine, emergency medicine, pediatric critical care, pediatric surgery, general surgery, internal medicine, family medicine, adult critical care, obstetrics and gynecology, endocrinology, and life support course manuals were reviewed. The description of fluids for hypovolemic shock, trauma, and diabetic ketoacidosis resuscitation was accurate in 46% of the time.
Individual variation in endocrine systems: moving beyond the â€˜tyranny of the Golden Meanâ€™ Twenty years ago, Albert Bennett published a paper in the influential book New directions in ecological physiology arguing that individual variation was an 'underutilized resource'. In this paper, I review our state of knowledge of the magnitude, mechanisms and functional significance of phenotypic variation, plasticity and flexibility in endocrine systems, and argue for a renewed focus on inter (...) -individual variability. This will provide challenges to conventional wisdom in endocrinology itself, e.g. re-evaluation of relatively simple, but unresolved questions such as structure-function relationships among hormones, binding globulins and receptors, and the functional significance of absolute versus relative hormone titres. However, there are also abundant opportunities for endocrinologists to contribute solid mechanistic understanding to key questions in evolutionary biology, e.g. how endocrine
, endocrinology text books, and hand searching of cross-references from original articles and reviews. Clinical trials, animal studies, case reports, reviews, and guidelines of major associations were included.Animal and preliminary human studies suggest that testosterone may facilitate erection by acting as vasodilator of the penile arterioles and cavernous sinusoids. Following castration, most, but not all, men had partial or complete loss of erection. Hypogonadism is not a common finding in ED, occurring
The American College of Endocrinology and Endocrine Universitytrade mark. Subspecialty training in endocrinology depends in part on local expertise, with fellows having "hands-on" experience in some areas but only "book knowledge" in others. To provide more uniform training in new technologies, The American College of Endocrinology developed Endocrine University, which provides on-site didactic and interactive sessions on thyroid ultrasound, bone densitometry, and other topics over 6 to 7 days