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Endocrine Manifestations of HIV

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61. Male Infertility

partner may compensate for the fertility problem of the man and thus infertility usually manifests if both partners have reduced fertility [ ]. Male fertility can be impaired as a result of [ ]: congenital or acquired urogenital abnormalities; malignancies; urogenital tract infections; increased scrotal temperature (e.g. as a consequence of varicocele); endocrine disturbances; genetic abnormalities; immunological factors. In 30-40% of cases, no male-infertility-associated factor is found (idiopathic (...) gland infection: a double blind prospective study. Int J Androl, 1986. 9: 91. 225. Berger, R., Epididymitis. In: Holmes KK, Mardh PA, Sparling PF et al. (eds). Sexually Transmitted Diseases, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 1984, McGraw-Hill: New York. 226. Berger, R.E., et al. Etiology, manifestations and therapy of acute epididymitis: prospective study of 50 cases. J Urol, 1979. 121: 750. 227. Weidner, W., et al. Acute nongonococcal epididymitis. Aetiological and therapeutic aspects. Drugs, 1987

2019 European Association of Urology

63. Primary Prevention of ASCVD and T2DM in Patients at Metabolic Risk

Primary Prevention of ASCVD and T2DM in Patients at Metabolic Risk Primary Prevention of ASCVD and T2DM in Patients at Metabolic Risk: An Endocrine Society* Clinical Practice Guideline | The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism | Oxford Academic ') We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Search Account Menu Menu Navbar Search Filter Mobile (...) Microsite Search Term Close search filter search input Article Navigation Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation September 2019 Article Contents Article Navigation Primary Prevention of ASCVD and T2DM in Patients at Metabolic Risk: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline James L Rosenzweig Hebrew Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts Correspondence: James L. Rosenzweig, MD, Hebrew Rehabilitation Hospital, 1200 Centre Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02131. E-mail: . Search

2019 The Endocrine Society

64. An evaluation protocol for NIHDI conventions

. During the past decennia rehabilitations conventions have been developed for a large heterogeneity of medical conditions, transcending the field of rehabilitation. The list of conventions can be found in Appendix 1. Agreements are made for: ? Respiratory diseases: respiratory rehabilitation, respiration support, oxygen therapy at home and cardiorespiratory monitoring of babies ? Conditions of the blood- and immunity system: haemophilia, AIDS ? Chronic fatigue syndrome ? Endocrine and metabolic (...) with the Scientific Institute for Public Health (WIV/ISP) : ? Initiative for quality promotion and epidemiology relative to diabetes (IKED-study) ? Initiative for quality promotion and epidemiology relative to diabetic foot (IKED-voet) ? Initiative for quality promotion and epidemiology for diabetes in children and adolescents ? The Belgian neuromuscular disease registry ? Belgian cystic fibrosis registry ? HIV registry ? Haemophilia registry (under construction) For the registries the convention agreement

2018 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

65. Management of Immune-Related Adverse Events in Patients Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

from other systemic therapies such as cytotoxic chemotherapy. The adverse effects can affect multiple organs of the body and are most commonly seen in the skin; GI tract; lungs; and endocrine, thyroid, adrenal, pituitary, musculoskeletal, renal, nervous, hematologic, cardiovascular, and ocular systems, and there should be a high level of suspicion that any changes are treatment-related (Appendix , online only). ICPi therapy can usually continue in the presence of mild immune-related adverse events (...) activity. Screening laboratories (HIV, hepatitis A and B, and blood quantiferon for TB) to prepare patients to start infliximab should be routinely done in patients at high risk for those infections and in appropriately selected patients based on infectious disease expert’s evaluation. Imaging with computed tomography (CT) scan of abdomen and pelvis and GI endoscopy with biopsy may be performed as there is evidence showing that the presence of ulceration in the colon can predict a corticosteroid

2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

66. CRACKCast E171 – Pediatric Cardiac Disorders

in the infant CHF = the cardiac output doesn’t meet the hemodynamic or metabolic demands of the body. Ddx includes more than congenital heart disease: anomalous left coronary artery in infants, myocarditis, endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, pericardial effusions, anemia, cardiomyopathies, systemic hypertension, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, electrolyte imbalances, endocrine disorders, cardiac toxins, and dysrhythmias that compromise cardiac output. Presentation is different than the adults we’re (...) Echoviruses, influenza A and B viruses, adenovirus, varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and hepatitis B virus. Bacterial Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Streptococcus pyogenes, S. aureus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Borrelia burgdorferi, and meningococcus. Non-infectious Kawasaki disease, Acute rheumatic fever (ARF), Collagen vascular disorders (eg, systemic lupus erythematosus), Toxins (eg, cocaine and doxorubicin), Endocrine disorders (eg, hyperthyroidism), Drug-induced hypersensitivity

2018 CandiEM

67. Evaluation and Management of Right-Sided Heart Failure: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

, resulting in myocyte detachment and cell death. The inflammation that accompanies this process manifests as fibrofatty infiltration, causing ventricular irritability and arrhythmias and eventually ventricular dysfunction. In affected patients, this process shows a predilection for the thinnest portions of the RV where mechanical stress is greatest. However, the LV also is often affected in advanced disease. The prevalence of ARVC is estimated to be 1 in 2000 to 5000, and ARVC affects men more frequently

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2018 American Heart Association

68. British Association of Dermatologists? guidelines for the investigation and management of generalized pruritus in adults without an underlying dermatosis

variables are that iron overload is asso- ciated with both liver in?ltration 35 (see section 7.7) and Table 2 Causes of generalized pruritus without rash Pruritic skin diseases before rash Disorders of iron metabolism Uraemia Hepatic disease (especially cholestasis) Malignancy Haematological disorders Infection Endocrine disease Neurological disorders Psychological and emotional factors Adverse drug reactions Heart failure Pregnancy Pruritus of elderly skin Pruritus of unknown origin (GPUO) © 2017 (...) , lung, testicular and stomach cancers; insulinoma; gastric carcinoid and thymoma. 63,68,69 Although GPWOR can be an initial manifestation of cancer prior to clinically detectable disease, a full investigation to rule out malignancy is not necessarily bene?cial to patients or cost- effective, and is therefore not routinely recommended. 70,71 A5- year cohort study found that GPWOR statistically correlated with an increased risk of later haematological malignancies or cholangiocarcinoma, but not other

2018 British Association of Dermatologists

69. Testosterone Therapy in Men with Hypogonadism

concentrations to manifestations of T deficiency) that use bioavailable T concentrations ( ). The reported reference ranges for TT and FT concentrations in healthy young men vary considerably among laboratories and assays ( ). A substantial amount of the variation in reference ranges is due to the lack of standardization of T assays, calibrator differences, and differences in the reference populations used to generate ranges. Recently, the Endocrine Society and the Partnership for the Accurate Testing (...) Testosterone Therapy in Men with Hypogonadism We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Testosterone Therapy in Men With Hypogonadism: An Endocrine Society* Clinical Practice Guideline | The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism | Oxford Academic Search Account Menu Menu Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite Search Term Close search filter search

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2018 The Endocrine Society

70. Hoarseness (Dysphonia)

, amyloidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis), allergic, pulmonary (eg, COPD), musculoskeletal (eg, muscle tension dysphonia [MTD], fibromyalgia, cervicalgia), psychological (functional voice disorders), traumatic (eg, laryngeal fracture, inhalational injury, iatrogenic injury, blunt/penetrating trauma), and infectious (eg, candidiasis), among others. Prevalence of dysphonia within these conditions varies. For example, patients with SD or other laryngeal dystonia almost universally manifest

2018 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

71. Gynecologic Issues in Children and Adolescent Cancer Patients and Survivors

before fibrosis, dyspareunia, vaginal stenosis, or fistula develop (9). Cranial Irradiation Endocrine dysfunction is common in survivors of child- hoodbraintumorsbecauseofthetumororthetreatment (10). Disruption of the hypothalamic–pituitary–ovarian axis is a well-established potential complication found in survivors of central nervous system tumors that can lead to menstrual irregularities, amenorrhea, and infertility. Cranial irradiation also may induce precocious puberty by causing cortical (...) , or compromised fertility (6). Stem Cell Transplant Graft-versus-host disease is a manifestation of hemato- poietic allogenic stem cell transplantation with a high prevalence of 11–48% (13). Vaginal symptoms include pain, itching, burning, dyspareunia, labial fusion, vaginal synechiae, and stenosis. Early identification is the key to preventing long-term sequelae such as vaginal stenosis andhematocolpos;however,thereisfrequentlyadelayto diagnosis. A careful examination by a gynecologist is encouraged

2018 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

72. Management of Pregnancy

(seasonal) for mother and family b ? Screen for infectious diseases (GC/CT, HIV, syphilis, rubella, hepatitis B, varicella [if unsure], asymptomatic bacteriuria, TB, history of HSV); treat or manage as indicated a ? Screen for Rh status and anemia/hemoglobinopathies ? Evaluate for nutritional deficiencies in women who have undergone bariatric surgery with intervention as needed (Recommendation 20) ? Consult with RDN for women who have undergone bariatric surgery and who are on a restrictive diet ? Refer

2018 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

73. Evaluation and Management of Right-Sided Heart Failure

RV Cardiomyopathy Arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a disease of the cardiac myocytes caused by impaired desmosome function. Desmosomes are intercellular junctions that provide adhesion between cells. Mutations in desmosomal proteins such as plakophilin and desmoplakin decrease the ability of the cells to tolerate mechanical stress, resulting in myocyte detachment and cell death. The inflammation that accompanies this process manifests as fibrofatty infiltration, causing ventricular

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2018 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation

74. Evaluation and Management of Testosterone Deficiency

to testicular radiation, HIV/AIDS, chronic narcotic use, male infertility, pituitary dysfunction, and chronic corticosteroid use even in the absence of symptoms or signs associated with testosterone deficiency. (Moderate Recommendation; Evidence Level: Grade B) 5. The use of validated questionnaires is not currently recommended to either define which patients are candidates for testosterone therapy or to monitor symptom response in patients on testosterone therapy. (Conditional Recommendation; Evidence (...) Level: Grade C) Adjunctive Testing 6. In patients with low testosterone, clinicians should measure serum luteinizing hormone levels. (Strong Recommendation; Evidence Level: Grade A) 7. Serum prolactin levels should be measured in patients with low testosterone levels combined with low or low/ normal luteinizing hormone levels. (Strong Recommendation; Evidence Level: Grade A) 8. Patients with persistently high prolactin levels of unknown etiology should undergo evaluation for endocrine disorders

2018 American Urological Association

75. CRACKCast E173 – Infectious Diarrheal Disease and Dehydration

diagnoses of vomiting in children Refer to Table 172.7 in Rosen’s 9 th edition for the common causes of vomiting in children. Important categories of differential diagnoses include: Central Nervous System Gastrointestinal Drug Endocrine Renal Cardiac Infection [5] When should you initiate a medical evaluation of children with acute diarrhea? Otherwise well children with acute, non-bloody diarrhea and no exposures to increase the risk of bacterial enteritis are usually managed without any ancillary (...) immigration, travel to an underdeveloped country, backcountry camping, exposure to poultry or other farm animals, or consumption of processed meat: stool for ova and parasites. Immunocompromised (HIV) Stool cultures should also be considered in patients with systemic involvement or underlying chronic medical conditions, if the illness involves dysenteric features, or if it lasts longer than 2 weeks. Many hospital laboratories do not include testing for E. coli O157:H7 or Y. enterocolitica in their routine

2018 CandiEM

77. Male Hypogonadism

, pituitary, and testes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2010. 95: 3019. 43. Rohayem, J., et al. Delayed treatment of undescended testes may promote hypogonadism and infertility. Endocrine, 2017. 55: 914. 44. Huhtaniemi, I., et al. Gonadotrophin resistance. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2006. 20: 561. 45. El Osta, R., et al. Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in men with hereditary hemochromatosis. Basic & Clinical Andrology, 2017. 27: 13. 46. Bhasin, S., et al. Testosterone therapy in men with androgen (...) deficiency syndromes: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2010. 95: 2536. 47. Rosner, W., et al. Position statement: Utility, limitations, and pitfalls in measuring testosterone: an Endocrine Society position statement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2007. 92: 405. 48. Rosner, W., et al. Toward excellence in testosterone testing: a consensus statement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2010. 95: 4542. 49. Wang, C., et al. Measurement of total serum testosterone in adult men

2018 European Association of Urology

78. Male Infertility

partner may compensate for the fertility problem of the man and thus infertility usually manifests if both partners have reduced fertility [ ]. Male fertility can be impaired as a result of [ ]: congenital or acquired urogenital abnormalities; malignancies; urogenital tract infections; increased scrotal temperature (e.g. as a consequence of varicocele); endocrine disturbances; genetic abnormalities; immunological factors. In 30-40% of cases, no male-infertility-associated factor is found (idiopathic (...) gland infection: a double blind prospective study. Int J Androl, 1986. 9: 91. 225. Berger, R., Epididymitis. In: Holmes KK, Mardh PA, Sparling PF et al. (eds). Sexually Transmitted Diseases, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 1984, McGraw-Hill: New York. 226. Berger, R.E., et al. Etiology, manifestations and therapy of acute epididymitis: prospective study of 50 cases. J Urol, 1979. 121: 750. 227. Weidner, W., et al. Acute nongonococcal epididymitis. Aetiological and therapeutic aspects. Drugs, 1987

2018 European Association of Urology

79. Required hospital capacity in 2025 and criteria for rationalisation of complex cancer surgery, radiotherapy and maternity services

External Beam Radiotherapy EC Endoscopic ED Emergency Department ENT Ear, Nose, and Throat ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography ERNs European Reference Networks ESRG Extended Service Related Groups ET Endocrine Tumour EU European Union EUS Endoscopic ultrasound FANC – ACFN Federaal Agentschap voor Nucleaire Contrôle/Agence Fédérale de Contrôle Nucléaire/ FDP-PET Fluorodeoxyglucose - Positron Emission Tomography FOD – SPF Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment (...) Gastrointestinal GIST Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours GP General Practitioner HAD Hospitalisation at Home (‘Hospitalisation à Domicile’) (France) HAS High Authority of Health (‘Haute Autorité de Santé’) (France) HBP Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary HCUP Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project HERO Health Economics in Radiation Oncology HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus HPST Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories (‘Hôpital, Patients, Santé et Territoire’) (France) HRG Healthcare Resource Group ICD-10

2017 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

80. Proposals for a further expansion of day surgery in Belgium

”, the Netherlands) HES Hospital Episode Statistics HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus HTA Health technology assessment HRG Healthcare Resource Group(s) I.V. Intravenous IAAS International Association for Ambulatory Surgery ICD International Classification of Diseases ICD-10-AM International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification ICD-9-CM International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification ICHI International Classification of Health Interventions IGF

2017 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

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