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Endocrine Manifestations of HIV

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21. Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV

Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 (...) Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV Aka: Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV , HIV-related Gastrointestinal Conditions II. Differential Diagnosis Infectious esophagitis, and colitis (or ) (or ) Infiltrative hepatobiliary infections Infiltrative pancreatic infections Rectal lesions s (especially anorectal warts) Anorectal lesions (consider ) Medication adverse effects: therapy , and Common adverse effects (esp. s) Inquire about side effects at each visit to prevent

2015 FP Notebook

22. HIV, viral hepatitis and STIs - a guide for primary care

, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Australia, Sydney NSW8 HIV, VIRAL HEPATITIS AND STIs – A GUIDE FOR PRIMARY HEALTH CARE Introduction The three major blood-borne viruses, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), are members of different virus families but have one thing in common: their major mode of transmission is via blood or bodily fluids. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a diverse group of infections caused by widely differing micro-organisms (...) of them. • Most STIs, in their early stages, are asymptomatic or so mildly symptomatic as to be easily overlooked, yet are infectious, screening at-risk people is essential for population management. kEY POINTS ? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are distinct viruses with different epidemiological profiles, modes of transmission, natural histories and treatments. ? All three viruses lead to chronic infection in many individuals with the viral

2014 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

23. Impact of GHRH on Sleep Promotion and Endocrine Regulation in Service Members Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury and Have Current Insomnia

Impact of GHRH on Sleep Promotion and Endocrine Regulation in Service Members Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury and Have Current Insomnia Impact of GHRH on Sleep Promotion and Endocrine Regulation in Service Members Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury and Have Current Insomnia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save (...) this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Impact of GHRH on Sleep Promotion and Endocrine Regulation in Service Members Who Sustained a Traumatic Brain Injury and Have Current Insomnia The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details

2016 Clinical Trials

24. Pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-infected patient Full Text available with Trip Pro

with laboratory findings of hypovolemia, acute inflammatory reaction and blood electrolyte abnormality. We first diagnosed the dermal manifestation as atypical generalized zoster, however, the other clinical findings could not be explained by VZV infection only. Combination with anamnesis, head magnetic resonance imaging scan and endocrine function test helped us to diagnose pituitary abscess. Although the etiology of the pituitary abscess could not be detected, the patient was successfully treated (...) Pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-infected patient Pituitary abscess is a rare occurrence among pituitary conditions, but one which carries life-threatening potential. An immunocompromised status is a risk factor for the development of a pituitary abscess; however, literature describes only one case among HIV-infected patients.We present here a case of pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-positive patient, who demonstrated a shock status, disturbance of consciousness and generalized skin rash

2017 SAGE Open Medical Case Reports

25. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Childhood

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Childhood Unusual Cancers of Childhood Treatment (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version - National Cancer Institute Menu Search Search Search General Information About Unusual Cancers of Childhood Introduction Cancer in children and adolescents is rare, although the overall incidence of childhood cancer has been slowly increasing since 1975.[ ] Referral to medical centers with multidisciplinary teams of cancer specialists experienced in treating cancers that occur (...) Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. In addition to the serological evidence of infection in more than 98% of patients, EBV DNA is present as a monoclonal episome in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells, and tumor cells can have EBV antigens on their cell surface.[ ] The circulating levels of EBV DNA and serologic documentation of EBV infection may aid in the diagnosis.[ ] Specific HLA subtypes, such as the HLA A2Bsin2 haplotype, are associated with a higher

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

26. HIV Complications

HIV Complications HIV Complications Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 HIV Complications HIV Complications Aka: HIV (...) Complications , HIV Associated Conditions , HIV Related Conditions From Related Chapters II. Complications Eye Manifestations III. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "HIV Complications." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Examination About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference

2018 FP Notebook

27. Diarrhea in HIV

Diarrhea in HIV Diarrhea in HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Diarrhea in HIV Diarrhea in HIV Aka: Diarrhea in HIV (...) , HIV related Diarrhea , AIDS Associated Diarrhea From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology is most common intestinal HIV manifestation Affects 50-90% of HIV patients III. Signs Often voluminous IV. Causes: Infectious (Pathogen identified in 85% of AIDS patient) Microsporidia (MAC) (CMV) Infection accompanies (HSV) Can also cause rectal ulcers and pain V. Causes: Pathogen negative Gastrointestinal Cancer Non-hodgkin Kaposi Anal Fat malabsorption (related to pancreatic exocrine insufficiency

2018 FP Notebook

28. Pediatric HIV

Pediatric HIV Pediatric HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pediatric HIV Pediatric HIV Aka: Pediatric HIV , Pediatric (...) of transmission (acquisition) Transfusion (risk of 1 in 425,000 by test) Foreign adoptee Accounts for 90% of cases under age 13 years Adolescents with high risk behaviors Accounts for 50% of new HIV cases in the United States under age 18 years IV. Clinical Manifestations Lymph nodes may be size of nodes Hepatosplenomegaly Recurrent (especially over age 2 years old) or Recurrent Encephalopathy Lymphocytic Interstitial Pneumonitis (LIP) May be first indicator of perinatal Peak at age 3 to 6 months May occur

2018 FP Notebook

29. HIV Presentation

SnomedCT 111880001 English Acute HIV infection syndrome , acute HIV infection , Acute human immunodeficiency virus infection (disorder) , Acute HIV infection (disorder) , HIV infection acute , Acute HIV infection (diagnosis) , Acute HIV infection , Acute human immunodeficiency virus infection , Acute human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion illness , Acute infection with HIV , HIV seroconversion illness Italian Infezione acuta da HIV , Malattia da sieroconversione HIV , Infezione acuta con HIV Dutch (...) HIV Presentation HIV Presentation Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 HIV Presentation HIV Presentation Aka: HIV

2018 FP Notebook

30. HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions

HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 HIV Related (...) Rheumatologic Conditions HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions Aka: HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions , Rheumatologic Manifestations of HIV , HIV Related Rheumatologic Complications II. Epidemiology Patients report musculoskeletal symptoms: 75% Severe is rare HIV complication III. Associated Conditions: HIV Associated Rheumatic Conditions Reduced and Increased risk by 15-50% Contributing factors include lower body weight, chronic inflammation, low s, abuse and is found in 80% of patients with therapy

2018 FP Notebook

31. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Diagnosis)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) represent advanced disease and indicate a poor prognosis. [ ] An aggressive B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Burkett lymphoma can be classified as one of three subtypes: endemic, sporadic, or immunodeficiency-related. Burkett lymphoma generally presents as a rapidly enlarging mass, frequently involving the head and neck. [ ] The oropharynx, maxilla, and mandible are common sites of soft tissue and bone destruction, which may lead to painful loosening

2014 eMedicine.com

32. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment) Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease: Coagulation Disorders, Cutaneous Manifestations of Anemia, Plasma-Cell Disorders and Dysproteinemias Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5NjE4My1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Updated: Jun 16, 2017 Author: Saira J George, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Coagulation Disorders Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired, multisystemic disorder characterized by recurrent thromboses in the arterial system, venous system, or both. Antiphospholipid syndrome is classified into 2 groups: primary

2014 eMedicine.com

33. Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Treatment)

of the epidemic form of KS has risen dramatically in the United States over the past 20 years with the spread of AIDS. Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of KS in both HIV-infected and non-HIV–infected patients. [ , , , ] KS may in fact be a hyperplasia caused by infection with HHV-8, rather than a sarcoma. Supporting evidence includes lack of clonality, multifocality, symmetry, absence of metastasis, and spontaneous regression with immune reconstitution. Recent evidence (...) or familial, but, in either case, it is clear that extrinsic factors play an important role in producing a clinical manifestation of the disease. Endogenous and exogenous factors (eg, alcohol, iron, estrogen, porphyrins, chronic hepatitis C virus infection, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated cyclic hydrocarbons) produce oxidative stress on the liver, leading to inhibition or decreased production of UROD. The pathogenesis of iron in porphyria cutanea tarda also provides the link to hereditary

2014 eMedicine.com

34. Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Treatment)

as it was in the past. The remaining causes of ESRD included vasculitis from an infectious or rheumatologic disease, interstitial nephritis, tumors, cholesterol emboli, and systemic amyloidosis. Infectious causes of glomerulonephritis included streptococcal infections, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and hepatitis viral infections, both hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis B (HBV). [ ] Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been the most commonly reported rheumatologic cause of ESRD. Polyarteritis nodosa (...) Glomerulonephritis Vasculitis Purpura Subcutaneous nodules Ulcers Subacute bacterial endocarditis Renal emboli Glomerulonephritis Petechiae Purpura Cholesterol emboli Renal emboli Petechiae Livedo reticularis Blue toes Hepatitis C virus Glomerulonephritis Purpura Porphyria cutanea tarda Lichen planus Sclerodermatous plaques Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa Necrolytic acral erythema Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) HIV-associated nephropathy Eosinophilic folliculitis Oral hairy leukoplakia Bacillary angiomatosis

2014 eMedicine.com

35. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Treatment)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) represent advanced disease and indicate a poor prognosis. [ ] An aggressive B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Burkett lymphoma can be classified as one of three subtypes: endemic, sporadic, or immunodeficiency-related. Burkett lymphoma generally presents as a rapidly enlarging mass, frequently involving the head and neck. [ ] The oropharynx, maxilla, and mandible are common sites of soft tissue and bone destruction, which may lead to painful loosening

2014 eMedicine.com

36. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Overview)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) represent advanced disease and indicate a poor prognosis. [ ] An aggressive B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Burkett lymphoma can be classified as one of three subtypes: endemic, sporadic, or immunodeficiency-related. Burkett lymphoma generally presents as a rapidly enlarging mass, frequently involving the head and neck. [ ] The oropharynx, maxilla, and mandible are common sites of soft tissue and bone destruction, which may lead to painful loosening

2014 eMedicine.com

37. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Overview)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Overview) Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease: Coagulation Disorders, Cutaneous Manifestations of Anemia, Plasma-Cell Disorders and Dysproteinemias Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5NjE4My1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Updated: Jun 16, 2017 Author: Saira J George, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Coagulation Disorders Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired, multisystemic disorder characterized by recurrent thromboses in the arterial system, venous system, or both. Antiphospholipid syndrome is classified into 2 groups: primary

2014 eMedicine.com

38. Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Overview)

of the epidemic form of KS has risen dramatically in the United States over the past 20 years with the spread of AIDS. Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of KS in both HIV-infected and non-HIV–infected patients. [ , , , ] KS may in fact be a hyperplasia caused by infection with HHV-8, rather than a sarcoma. Supporting evidence includes lack of clonality, multifocality, symmetry, absence of metastasis, and spontaneous regression with immune reconstitution. Recent evidence (...) or familial, but, in either case, it is clear that extrinsic factors play an important role in producing a clinical manifestation of the disease. Endogenous and exogenous factors (eg, alcohol, iron, estrogen, porphyrins, chronic hepatitis C virus infection, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated cyclic hydrocarbons) produce oxidative stress on the liver, leading to inhibition or decreased production of UROD. The pathogenesis of iron in porphyria cutanea tarda also provides the link to hereditary

2014 eMedicine.com

39. Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Overview)

as it was in the past. The remaining causes of ESRD included vasculitis from an infectious or rheumatologic disease, interstitial nephritis, tumors, cholesterol emboli, and systemic amyloidosis. Infectious causes of glomerulonephritis included streptococcal infections, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and hepatitis viral infections, both hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis B (HBV). [ ] Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been the most commonly reported rheumatologic cause of ESRD. Polyarteritis nodosa (...) Glomerulonephritis Vasculitis Purpura Subcutaneous nodules Ulcers Subacute bacterial endocarditis Renal emboli Glomerulonephritis Petechiae Purpura Cholesterol emboli Renal emboli Petechiae Livedo reticularis Blue toes Hepatitis C virus Glomerulonephritis Purpura Porphyria cutanea tarda Lichen planus Sclerodermatous plaques Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa Necrolytic acral erythema Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) HIV-associated nephropathy Eosinophilic folliculitis Oral hairy leukoplakia Bacillary angiomatosis

2014 eMedicine.com

40. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Follow-up)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) represent advanced disease and indicate a poor prognosis. [ ] An aggressive B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Burkett lymphoma can be classified as one of three subtypes: endemic, sporadic, or immunodeficiency-related. Burkett lymphoma generally presents as a rapidly enlarging mass, frequently involving the head and neck. [ ] The oropharynx, maxilla, and mandible are common sites of soft tissue and bone destruction, which may lead to painful loosening

2014 eMedicine.com

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