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Endocrine Manifestations of HIV

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21. Renal manifestations of HIV

Renal manifestations of HIV Renal Manifestations of HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Renal Manifestations of HIV (...) Renal Manifestations of HIV Aka: Renal Manifestations of HIV , HIV related renal complications II. Associated Conditions: Renal dysfunction ( ) Fluid and electrolyte abnormalities and common due to occult infection Drug induced Renal toxicity See Amphotericin B Foscarnet s fumarate (TDF) Causes proximal tubule dysfunction (e.g. ) and decreased Avoid if GFR <60 ml/min and discontinue if GFR falls more than 25% or <60 ml/min May safely use as alternative (less nephrotoxic) III. References Images

2015 FP Notebook

22. Pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-infected patient (PubMed)

with laboratory findings of hypovolemia, acute inflammatory reaction and blood electrolyte abnormality. We first diagnosed the dermal manifestation as atypical generalized zoster, however, the other clinical findings could not be explained by VZV infection only. Combination with anamnesis, head magnetic resonance imaging scan and endocrine function test helped us to diagnose pituitary abscess. Although the etiology of the pituitary abscess could not be detected, the patient was successfully treated (...) Pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-infected patient Pituitary abscess is a rare occurrence among pituitary conditions, but one which carries life-threatening potential. An immunocompromised status is a risk factor for the development of a pituitary abscess; however, literature describes only one case among HIV-infected patients.We present here a case of pituitary abscess in an HIV-1-positive patient, who demonstrated a shock status, disturbance of consciousness and generalized skin rash

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2017 SAGE Open Medical Case Reports

23. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Childhood

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Childhood Unusual Cancers of Childhood Treatment (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version - National Cancer Institute Menu Search Search Search General Information About Unusual Cancers of Childhood Introduction Cancer in children and adolescents is rare, although the overall incidence of childhood cancer has been slowly increasing since 1975.[ ] Referral to medical centers with multidisciplinary teams of cancer specialists experienced in treating cancers that occur (...) or de novo gain-of-function mutation in the RET proto-oncogene associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2, either MEN2A or MEN2B, depending on the specific mutation.[ ] When occurring in patients with the MEN syndromes, thyroid cancer may be associated with the development of other types of malignant tumors. (Refer to the section of the PDQ summary on for more information.) Family history. For thyroid carcinomas of follicular cells, only 5% to 10% are familial cancers. Of those, most

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

24. HIV Presentation

HIV Presentation HIV Presentation Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 HIV Presentation HIV Presentation Aka: HIV (...) : Initial What is the current risk of HIV progression? Based on and Are s indicated at this point? What is the current risk of opportunistic infection? Based on and comorbid conditions Is prophylaxis or screening indicated? See What symptoms are present related to HIV status? Acute Retroviral Syndrome Manifestations suggesting advanced HIV (See and ) Identify comorbid conditions related to s (e.g. , , ) (e.g. , ) Sexual practices (highest risk in ) Identify needs and other serious comorbidities Routine

2018 FP Notebook

25. HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions

HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 HIV Related (...) Rheumatologic Conditions HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions Aka: HIV Related Rheumatologic Conditions , Rheumatologic Manifestations of HIV , HIV Related Rheumatologic Complications II. Epidemiology Patients report musculoskeletal symptoms: 75% Severe is rare HIV complication III. Associated Conditions: HIV Associated Rheumatic Conditions Reduced and Increased risk by 15-50% Contributing factors include lower body weight, chronic inflammation, low s, abuse and is found in 80% of patients with therapy

2018 FP Notebook

26. Pediatric HIV

Pediatric HIV Pediatric HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pediatric HIV Pediatric HIV Aka: Pediatric HIV , Pediatric (...) of transmission (acquisition) Transfusion (risk of 1 in 425,000 by test) Foreign adoptee Accounts for 90% of cases under age 13 years Adolescents with high risk behaviors Accounts for 50% of new HIV cases in the United States under age 18 years IV. Clinical Manifestations Lymph nodes may be size of nodes Hepatosplenomegaly Recurrent (especially over age 2 years old) or Recurrent Encephalopathy Lymphocytic Interstitial Pneumonitis (LIP) May be first indicator of perinatal Peak at age 3 to 6 months May occur

2018 FP Notebook

27. Diarrhea in HIV

Diarrhea in HIV Diarrhea in HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Diarrhea in HIV Diarrhea in HIV Aka: Diarrhea in HIV (...) , HIV related Diarrhea , AIDS Associated Diarrhea From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology is most common intestinal HIV manifestation Affects 50-90% of HIV patients III. Signs Often voluminous IV. Causes: Infectious (Pathogen identified in 85% of AIDS patient) Microsporidia (MAC) (CMV) Infection accompanies (HSV) Can also cause rectal ulcers and pain V. Causes: Pathogen negative Gastrointestinal Cancer Non-hodgkin Kaposi Anal Fat malabsorption (related to pancreatic exocrine insufficiency

2018 FP Notebook

28. HIV Complications

HIV Complications HIV Complications Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 HIV Complications HIV Complications Aka: HIV (...) Complications , HIV Associated Conditions , HIV Related Conditions From Related Chapters II. Complications Eye Manifestations III. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "HIV Complications." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Examination About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference

2018 FP Notebook

29. Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Diagnosis)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Diagnosis) Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease: Overview, Dermatology and the Pharynx, Dermatology and the Esophagus Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5MzgwMS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Updated: May 13, 2016 Author: Mital Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Overview Overview Many disorders of the alimentary tract have dermatologic manifestations (see Table 1 below). A thorough understanding of the cutaneous/gastrointestinal (GI) relationship can alert the astute clinician to occult disease

2014 eMedicine.com

30. Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Diagnosis)

nephropathy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. Kidney Int . 2003 Oct. 64(4):1462-71. . Ideura H, Hiromura K, Hiramatsu N, Shigehara T, Takeuchi S, Tomioka M, et al. Angiotensin II provokes podocyte injury in murine model of HIV-associated nephropathy. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol . 2007 Oct. 293 (4):F1214-21. . Steen VD. Clinical manifestations of systemic sclerosis. Semin Cutan Med Surg . 1998 Mar. 17(1):48-54. . Noël LH, Zingraff J, Bardin T, Atienza C, Kuntz D, Drüeke T. Tissue distribution (...) Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Diagnosis) Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease: Overview, Dermatologic Manifestations of Diseases Associated With ESRD, Dermatologic Manifestations of Uremia Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

31. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Diagnosis)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Diagnosis) Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease: Coagulation Disorders, Cutaneous Manifestations of Anemia, Plasma-Cell Disorders and Dysproteinemias Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5NjE4My1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Updated: Jun 16, 2017 Author: Saira J George, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Coagulation Disorders Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired, multisystemic disorder characterized by recurrent thromboses in the arterial system, venous system, or both. Antiphospholipid syndrome is classified into 2 groups: primary

2014 eMedicine.com

32. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Treatment)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Treatment) Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases: Overview, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Nutritional Disease Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

33. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Overview)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Overview) Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases: Overview, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Nutritional Disease Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

34. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Overview)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Overview) Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease: Coagulation Disorders, Cutaneous Manifestations of Anemia, Plasma-Cell Disorders and Dysproteinemias Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5NjE4My1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Updated: Jun 16, 2017 Author: Saira J George, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Coagulation Disorders Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired, multisystemic disorder characterized by recurrent thromboses in the arterial system, venous system, or both. Antiphospholipid syndrome is classified into 2 groups: primary

2014 eMedicine.com

35. Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Overview)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Overview) Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease: Overview, Dermatology and the Pharynx, Dermatology and the Esophagus Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5MzgwMS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Updated: May 13, 2016 Author: Mital Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Overview Overview Many disorders of the alimentary tract have dermatologic manifestations (see Table 1 below). A thorough understanding of the cutaneous/gastrointestinal (GI) relationship can alert the astute clinician to occult disease

2014 eMedicine.com

36. Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Overview)

nephropathy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. Kidney Int . 2003 Oct. 64(4):1462-71. . Ideura H, Hiromura K, Hiramatsu N, Shigehara T, Takeuchi S, Tomioka M, et al. Angiotensin II provokes podocyte injury in murine model of HIV-associated nephropathy. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol . 2007 Oct. 293 (4):F1214-21. . Steen VD. Clinical manifestations of systemic sclerosis. Semin Cutan Med Surg . 1998 Mar. 17(1):48-54. . Noël LH, Zingraff J, Bardin T, Atienza C, Kuntz D, Drüeke T. Tissue distribution (...) Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Overview) Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease: Overview, Dermatologic Manifestations of Diseases Associated With ESRD, Dermatologic Manifestations of Uremia Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

37. Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Treatment)

nephropathy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. Kidney Int . 2003 Oct. 64(4):1462-71. . Ideura H, Hiromura K, Hiramatsu N, Shigehara T, Takeuchi S, Tomioka M, et al. Angiotensin II provokes podocyte injury in murine model of HIV-associated nephropathy. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol . 2007 Oct. 293 (4):F1214-21. . Steen VD. Clinical manifestations of systemic sclerosis. Semin Cutan Med Surg . 1998 Mar. 17(1):48-54. . Noël LH, Zingraff J, Bardin T, Atienza C, Kuntz D, Drüeke T. Tissue distribution (...) Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease (Treatment) Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease: Overview, Dermatologic Manifestations of Diseases Associated With ESRD, Dermatologic Manifestations of Uremia Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

38. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment) Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease: Coagulation Disorders, Cutaneous Manifestations of Anemia, Plasma-Cell Disorders and Dysproteinemias Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5NjE4My1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Updated: Jun 16, 2017 Author: Saira J George, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Coagulation Disorders Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired, multisystemic disorder characterized by recurrent thromboses in the arterial system, venous system, or both. Antiphospholipid syndrome is classified into 2 groups: primary

2014 eMedicine.com

39. Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Treatment)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Treatment) Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease: Overview, Dermatology and the Pharynx, Dermatology and the Esophagus Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5MzgwMS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Updated: May 13, 2016 Author: Mital Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Overview Overview Many disorders of the alimentary tract have dermatologic manifestations (see Table 1 below). A thorough understanding of the cutaneous/gastrointestinal (GI) relationship can alert the astute clinician to occult disease

2014 eMedicine.com

40. Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Follow-up)

of the teeth and paresthesias of the face. [ , ] Lymphoma in HIV-positive individuals is considered an AIDS-defining illness. [ , ] Oral involvement in AIDS-associated lymphoma is estimated at approximately 3%. [ , ] While Burkitt lymphoma is an AIDS-associated lymphoma, falling under the immunodeficiency-related classification, oral manifestations have been noted in large B-cell lymphomas as well as plasmablastic lymphomas. [ ] These AIDS-associated lymphomas may present with masses or ulcers that involve (...) Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases (Follow-up) Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases: Overview, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Nutritional Disease Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

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