How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

684 results for

Emergency Medicine Treatment and Labor Act


Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

181. Medicine in medieval Islam (Full text)

[ ] The adoption by the newly forming Islamic society of the medical knowledge of the surrounding, or newly conquered, "heathen" civilizations had to be justified as being in accordance with the beliefs of Islam. Early on, the study and practice of medicine was understood as an act of piety, founded on the principles of Imaan (faith) and Tawakkul (trust). The Prophet not only instructed sick people to take medicine, but he himself invited expert physicians for this purpose. — As-Suyuti’s Medicine (...) who had treated him by and mentions that the prophet wanted to avoid this treatment and had asked for alternative treatments. Later on, there are reports of the fixing his teeth with a wire made of gold. He also mentions that the habit of cleaning one's teeth with a small wooden toothpick dates back to pre-islamic times. The "Prophetic medicine" was rarely mentioned by the classical authors of Islamic medicine, but lived on in the for some centuries. In his Kitab as-Ṣaidana (Book of Remedies) from

2012 Wikipedia

182. Pediatric Home Mechanical Ventilation

and contact information of the main health care advisors, as well as emergency serv- ices. This treatment plan should be shared with the family, as well as all necessary local agencies, includ- ing ambulance, police, and local utilities. The health care team must ensure the family has an adequate mode of transportation to transport the child to fol- low-up appointments as well as around the commu- nity, with an additional caregiver in the vehicle for children who require ventilation during transit (...) Pediatric Home Mechanical Ventilation Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at Download by: [] Date: 13 July 2017, At: 13:28 Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine Revue canadienne des soins respiratoires et critiques et de la médecine du sommeil ISSN: 2474-5332 (Print) 2474-5340 (Online) Journal homepage: Pediatric home

2017 Canadian Thoracic Society

183. Required hospital capacity in 2025 and criteria for rationalisation of complex cancer surgery, radiotherapy and maternity services

cStage Clinical stage CT Computed Tomography DBC Diagnosis Treatment Combination DC Day care 26 Required hospital capacity and criteria for rationalisation KCE Report 289 DGOS General Directorate of Care Provision (‘Direction Générale de l’Offre de Soins’) (France) DHMA Danish Health and Medicines Authority DPCA Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Audit DREES ‘Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l’Evaluation et des Statistiques’ (France) DRG Diagnosis Related Group DUCA Dutch Upper GI Cancer Audit EBRT (...) of inpatient beds 204 Figure 48 – Average length of stay (all types of care) 205 Figure 49 – Average length of stay (acute care) 206 Figure 50 – Licenses for cancer treatment in 2010 207 Figure 51 – Volume of care activities to be transferred to licensed hospitals 208 Figure 52 – Evolution of the number of hospitals licensed to treat cancer (2003-2016) 209 Figure 53 – Average entropy index by type of hospital in France, 2002-2009 210 Figure 54 – Avoidable admissions for chronic ambulatory care sensitive

2017 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

184. Governance models for hospital collaborations

in the hospital sector 8 1.2 COLLABORATION IN THE HEALTHCARE SECTOR 9 1.2.1 Types of strategic alliance 11 1.2.2 Collaboration and networks 12 1.2.3 Collaboration forms in the Belgian Hospital Act 14 1.3 GOVERNANCE OF COLLABORATION INITIATIVES 14 1.3.1 Governance mechanisms 14 1.3.2 Governance structure 15 1.4 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES OF THIS REPORT 16 2 CURRENT BELGIAN LEGAL CONTEXT OF COLLABORATION BETWEEN HOSPITALS – A DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS 17 2.1 INTRODUCTION 17 2.2 DIFFERENT FORMS OF ACTUAL COLLABORATION (...) : New organisation 60 Figure 5 – SGEI Analysis Tree 109 LIST OF TABLES Table 1 – Health networks and systems 13 Table 2 – Synthesis of the facilitators and obstacles 57 Table 3 – Proposed collaboration models 61 KCE Report 277 Governance models for hospital collaborations 5 ? SCIENTIFIC REPORT 1 Article 67 of the coordinated Law of 10 July 2008 on hospitals and other healthcare institutions (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Hospital Act’) provides 1 INTRODUCTION There is an international trend

2017 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

185. A review of the evidence base for modelling the costs of overweight, obesity and diet-related illness for Scotland, and critical appraisal of the cost-effectiveness evidence base for population wide interventions to reduce overweight, obesity and diet-rel

regarding behaviour change over the longer term is a priority. These insights will be important to build into any future modelling studies conducted for Scotland or the rest of the UK, using information from other countries which have already introduced population level interventions. In terms of future research recommendations, we suggest the following: 1. The lack of recent data from Scotland on cost of illness associated with overweight and obesity, combined with changes in the treatment (...) is higher in Scotland than in England (65% v 63% and 29% v 27% respectively). Further, obesity prevalence rates have risen in both Scotland and England since 2006/7. Finally, medical and surgical treatment options for obesity and conditions related to obesity (e.g. diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease) have increased over the last 10 years. Castle et al (2015) also noted the potential magnitude of the costs of lost productivity due to morbidity and mortality, and with these added to health

2017 Health Economics Research Unit

186. Use of Silver Diamine Fluoride for Dental Caries Management in Children and Adolescents, Including Those with Special Health Care Needs

in primary teeth with caries lesions. Does the application of SDF arrest cavitated caries lesions as effectively as other treatment modalities in primary teeth? Methods This guideline adheres to the National Academy of Medicine's guideline standards 4 and the recommendations of the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument. 5 The guidance presented is based on an evaluation of the evidence presented in a 2016 systematic review published by Gao and colleagues. 1 Search strategy (...) fluoride in this guideline’s recommendation refers to 38 percent SDF, the only formula available in the United States. These rec- ommended practices are based upon the best available evidence to-date. However, the ultimate decisions regarding disease man- agement and specific treatment modalities are to be made by the dental professional and the patient or his/her representative, acknowledging individuals’ differences in disease propensity, lifestyle, and environment. The guideline provides

2017 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

187. Optimal Perioperative Care in Major Head and Neck Cancer Surgery With Free Flap Reconstruction A Consensus Review and Recommendations From the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society

procedures, corticosteroid and antiemetic medications, short acting anxiolytics, goal-directed fluid management, opioid-sparing multimodal analgesia, frequent flap monitoring, early mobilization, and the avoidance of preoperative fasting. Meaning Recovery following surgery for head and neck cancer with free flap reconstruction can be enhanced through the use of evidence-based elements of perioperative care. Abstract Importance Head and neck cancers often require complex, labor-intensive surgeries (...) surgery with free flap reconstruction. Best practice includes several elements of perioperative care. Among these elements are the provision of preoperative carbohydrate treatment, pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis, perioperative antibiotics in clean-contaminated procedures, corticosteroid and antiemetic medications, short acting anxiolytics, goal-directed fluid management, opioid-sparing multimodal analgesia, frequent flap monitoring, early mobilization, and the avoidance of preoperative fasting

2017 ERAS Society

188. Management of glycaemic control in pregnant women with diabetes on obstetric wards and delivery units

still be used for uncontrolled hyperglycaemia. For HHS an approach similar to DKA may be used but may require less insulin and more fluids (see JBDS guidelines IP_HHS_Adults.pdf) Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency requiring prompt treatment, and is different to a ketosis of pregnancy. Women who are suspected of having DKA are admitted to the delivery suite or the high dependency unit where they can receive medical and obstetric care. DKA (...) , Christensen AB, Hellmuth E, et al. Insulin dose during glucocorticoid treatment for fetal lung maturation in diabetic pregnancy: test of an algorithm [correction of an algorithm]. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 2002;81(9):835–9. 9 Kaushal K, Gibson J and Railton A. A protocol for improved glycaemic control following corticosteroid therapy in diabetic pregnancies. Diabetic Medicine 2003;20(1):73–5. 10 Dashora UK, Taylor R. Maintaining glycaemic control during high-dose prednisolone

2017 Association of British Clinical Diabetologists

189. Joint BAP NAPICU evidence-based consensus guidelines for the clinical management of acute disturbance: De-escalation and rapid tranquillisation

. For pharmacological treatment, the WFSBP guidelines suggest the patient should be involved as much as possible in the selection of the medication. Pharmacological treatments should match the underlying condition and, if no specific diagnosis is achieved, acute distur- bance should be considered to emerge from a medical cause. In acute disturbance due to a medical condition or alcohol intoxica- tion, the WFSBP guidelines suggest that antipsychotics should be preferred over benzodiazepines. If acute disturbance (...) authors contributed equally to the article) Abstract The British Association for Psychopharmacology and the National Association of Psychiatric Intensive Care and Low Secure Units developed this joint evidence-based consensus guideline for the clinical management of acute disturbance. It includes recommendations for clinical practice and an algorithm to guide treatment by healthcare professionals with various options outlined according to their route of administration and category of evidence

2018 British Association for Psychopharmacology

190. Safe Medication Use in the ICU

- and postoutcomes of medication administration error rates for emergency medicine nurses. The educational approach provided was presentation slides and a “flip-chart” addressing specific errors previously identified in their emergency department with recommendations to avoid MEs in the future. Although nurses performed better on a knowledge-based examination in the postintervention compared with the preintervention period, this study failed to demonstrate a significant reduction in ME rates identified through (...) Safe Medication Use in the ICU Clinical Practice Guideline: Safe Medication Use in the ICU : Critical Care Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. All

2017 Society of Critical Care Medicine

191. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association (Full text)

sup- port the importance of the following: • Individual-focused approaches, which target lifestyle and risk factor treatments at the individual level. • Healthcare systems approaches, which encour- age, facilitate, and reward efforts by providers and patients to improve health behaviors and health factors. • Population approaches, which target lifestyle and treatments in schools, places of worship, work- places, local communities, and states, as well as throughout the nation. Smoking and Tobacco (...) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2000 to NHANES 2011 to 2012 show that the use of cho- lesterol-lowering treatment has increased substan- tially among adults, from 8% in 1999 to 2000 to 18% in 2011 to 2012. During this period, the use of statins increased from 7% to 17%. • From 1988 to 1994 to 2013 to 2014, mean serum total cholesterol for adolescents 12 to 19 years of age has decreased across all subgroups of race and sex. High Blood Pressure (Chapter 9) • The age

2017 American Heart Association

192. Occupational Radiation Exposure in the Electrophysiology Laboratory with a Focus on Personnel with Reproductive Potential and During Pregnancy: 2017 EHRA Consensus Document

cardiologists has increased in the last 10 years to 18% but still remains low compared to other special- ities in internal medicine. 1 The percentage of female trainees in cardiac electrophysiology is only 11%. 1 Although 30% of the fe- male cardiologists performed procedures with radiation risk while pregnant, the survey suggested that occupational exposure is a concern to both men and women. Female cardiologists made more changes in their training and careers to reduce or avoid ra- diation exposure (...) guidelines have been issued by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) on radiological protection in medicine and specifically in cardi- ology. 3,4 These guidelines have also addressed occupational ex- posure during pregnancy and proposed new recommendations. Several organizations in subspecialties translated the ICRP guide- lines and issued similar recommendations. 5–8 The EHRA has issued in 2014 a practical guide on ways to reduce radiation dose for patients and staff during

2017 Heart Rhythm Society

193. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Joint Surgery

HK, Clinical practice guidelines for the management of rotator cuff syndrome in the workplace, (2013) Port Macquarie Australia, 80. 10. Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, Shoulder Conditions Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline, (2013) Olympia WA, 28 pgs. CPT Codes Arthrotomy and Open Procedures, Shoulder 23105 Arthrotomy; glenohumeral joint, with synovectomy, with or without biopsy 23107 Arthrotomy, glenohumeral joint, with joint exploration, with or without removal of loose (...) review examining surgical indications, treatment options, and outcomes. Arthroscopy. 2014;30(12):1634-41. 3. Kroger EW, Griesser MJ, Kolovich GP, et al. Efficacy of surgery for internal snapping hip. International journal of sports medicine. 2013;34(10):851-5. 4. Lustenberger DP, Ng VY, Best TM, et al. Efficacy of treatment of trochanteric bursitis: a systematic review. Clin J Sport Med. 2011;21(5):447-53. 5. Nelson SJ, Webb ML, Lukasiewicz AM, et al. Is Outpatient Total Hip Arthroplasty Safe

2017 AIM Specialty Health

194. Normal birth

as a pain management and/or comfort strategy in labour of: o Reflexology 91 o Traditional Chinese medicines o Homeopathy—efficacy and safety not established o Music and audio 80 Queensland Clinical Guideline: Normal birth Refer to online version, destroy printed copies after use Page 16 of 42 3.1.1 Water immersion Warm water immersion is an effective method of non-pharmacological analgesia during labour 92,93 and one which facilitates and promotes normal birth. 94 Table 9. Water immersion: principles (...) · Provides mild analgesia and sedation 112 · Minimal toxicity · Fast acting with rapid elimination 112,114 · No effect on uterine contractility · No known fetal or neonatal effects 114,115 · Effective for labour pain 73,116 · Can assist relaxation (breathing techniques) Risk · Overdose causes respiratory depression o Risk increased when used with opioid · Associated with: o Vomiting, nausea, headache and dizziness 73,110,114,116 o Disorientation and claustrophobia 73 · Can be minimised by careful

2017 Queensland Health

195. Management of Pregnancy in Patients With Complex Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association (Full text)

for complications. Figure 3. Assessment and management of women with complex congenital heart disease. ACE indicates angiotensin-converting enzyme; ACHD, adult congenital heart disease; ARB, angiotensin receptor blocker; L&D, labor and delivery; MFM, maternal-fetal medicine; NYHA, New York Heart Association; OB, obstetrics; and POC, plan of care. Genetic counseling may be particularly valuable to women for whom there is a significant risk of recurrence in offspring. The risk for recurrence of CHD varies widely (...) disturbances, including atrial and ventricular premature beats and reentrant supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Similarly, ventricular arrhythmias, although rare in labor, have been reported in 5% of normal gravidas. Common changes observed on the ECG are listed in . Table 2. Normal Electrocardiographic Changes Associated With Pregnancy Left axis shift is seen, with the greatest shift in the third trimester caused by elevation of the diaphragm. Shortening of the PR, QRS, and QT intervals may accompany

2017 American Heart Association

196. Defining Optimal Brain Health in Adults (Full text)

<200 mg/dL, and fasting blood glucose <100 mg/dL). In addition, in relation to maintenance of cognitive health, we recommend following previously published guidance from the AHA/American Stroke Association, Institute of Medicine, and Alzheimer’s Association that incorporates control of cardiovascular risks and suggest social engagement and other related strategies. We define optimal brain health but recognize that the truly ideal circumstance may be uncommon because there is a continuum of brain (...) to be highest in South Korea, western European countries, and some emerging economies. Anticipated gains in longevity will occur in older age groups, particularly among women. By 2030, it is estimated there will be a >50% probability that women in some of the aforementioned regions will break the 90-year survival barrier. These gains may be explained by improvements in social status, education, and childhood and adolescent nutrition; expanded primary and secondary health care; a rapid scale-up of new

2017 American Heart Association

197. Diagnosis and Management of Noncardiac Complications in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association (Full text)

strategies, but the efficacy of each treatment strategy remains unknown. Intestinal therapies comprise a low-fat/high- protein diet and medium-chain triglycerides, which act to reduce intestinal lymphatic flow and fluid losses. As PLE progresses, intestinal losses can exceed dietary in- take. When diarrhea is severe and oral intake is poorly tolerated, parenteral nutrition may be considered, al- though thromboembolism and line sepsis are signifi- cant risks. Pharmacological strategies directed at reduc (...) in total lung capacity. 78,79 Baseline and annual chest x-ray with baseline pulmonary func- tion tests with diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide and high-resolution computed tomography (CT) as in- dicated can identify pulmonary disease in patients on amiodarone therapy. 80 Effective treatment options exist for patients with restrictive lung function. Pulmonary rehabilitation with endurance training is an evidence-based, multidisci- plinary, comprehensive intervention for patients with chronic

2017 American Heart Association

198. Opioid Use and Opioid Use Disorder in Pregnancy

on Obstetric Practice in collaboration with committee members Maria A. Mascola, MD, MPH; Ann E. Borders, MD, MSc, MPH; and the American Society of Addiction Medicine member Mishka Terplan, MD, MPH. This information is designed as an educational resource to aid clinicians in providing obstetric and gynecologic care, and use of this information is voluntary. This information should not be considered as inclusive of all proper treatments or methods of care or as a statement of the standard of care (...) diminish the intensity of pain signals and are generally prescribed for the treatment of pain, although cough and diarrhea are other indications for their use. Opioids have the additional effect of causing a sense of euphoria, which can lead to their misuse ( ). Opioid use disorder may develop with repetitive use of any opioid, particularly in individuals with an underlying genetic vulnerability. Heroin is a rapidly acting opioid that may be injected, smoked, or nasally inhaled ( ). Heroin has a short

2017 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

199. Quality measures in high-risk pregnancies: Executive summary of a cooperative workshop of SMFM, NICHD, and ACOG (Full text)

and treatment Availability of a protocol foridenti?cation and treatment of sepsis in pregnant women: categoric (yes/no) Not applicable Obstetric ultrasound accreditation Accreditation per nationally recognized standards that wereassessedbyacentralorganizationwithpeerreview for practices that perform obstetric ultrasonography; in addition,similarlyrecognizedaccreditationformaternal- fetal medicine practices that perform specialized detailed fetal anatomic sonography: categoric (yes/no) Not applicable SMFM (...) gaps, improve methods of data collection, and recommend means of change. T he healthcare system is undergoing a major trans- formative change. In response to the provisions insti- tutedunderthePatientProtectionandAffordableCareAct, there has been heightened impetus to control costs, in- crease coverage, and improve quality. Even before the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, organizations have been working on issues of quality

2017 Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine

200. Sterilization of Women: Ethical Issues and Considerations

Content Obstetrician–gynecologists have an ethical duty to ensure that all patients understand the risks and benefits of sterilization (including emerging noncontraceptive benefits, such as possible cancer risk reduction) and that sterilization must be considered permanent, albeit with occasional failures and concomitant ectopic pregnancy risk ( ). Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods should be raised as additional options for women who have completed their childbearing or do not ever wish (...) J Obstet Gynecol 1996;174:116–8; discussion 1168­–70. [ ] Winner B, Peipert JF, Zhao Q, Buckel C, Madden T, Allsworth JE, et al. Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception. N Engl J Med 2012;366:1998–2007. [ ] [ ] Trussell J. Contraceptive failure in the United States. Contraception 2011;83:397–404. [ ] [ ] Davis K, Schoenbaum SC, Audet AM. A 2020 vision of patient-centered primary care. J Gen Intern Med 2005;20:953–7. [ ] [ ] Arnett JJ. Emerging adulthood. A theory of development

2017 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>