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Emergency Medicine Pitfalls

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81. Chronic Pelvic Pain

cystitis: an ESSIC proposal. Eur Urol, 2008. 53: 60. 12. Longstreth, G.F., et al. Functional bowel disorders. Gastroenterology, 2006. 130: 1480. 13. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. Bmj, 2008. 336: 924. 14. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is "quality of evidence" and why is it important to clinicians? Bmj, 2008. 336: 995. 15. Phillips B, et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick (...) . Eur Urol, 2008. 53: 33. 69. Hanno, P., et al. Bladder Pain Syndrome Committee of the International Consultation on Incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn, 2010. 29: 191. 70. Yoon, B.I., et al. Clinical courses following acute bacterial prostatitis. Prostate Int, 2013. 1: 89. 71. Giamberardino, M.A., et al. Viscero-visceral hyperalgesia: characterization in different clinical models. Pain, 2010. 151: 307. 72. Wesselmann, U., et al. Emerging Therapies and Novel Approaches to Visceral Pain. Drug Discov Today

2019 European Association of Urology

82. Prostate Cancer

. Eur Urol, 2018. S0302: 30752. 3. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? BMJ, 2008. 336: 995. 4. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 924. 5. Phillips, B., et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick March 2009. 6. Guyatt, G.H., et al. Going from evidence to recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 1049. 7. Van den (...) food and prostate cancer risk: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Food Sci Nutr, 2015. 66: 587. 42. Chen, P., et al. Lycopene and Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Medicine (Baltimore), 2015. 94: e1260. 43. Rowles, J.L., 3rd, et al. Processed and raw tomato consumption and risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis, 2018. 21: 319. 44. Ilic, D., et al. Lycopene for the prevention and treatment

2019 European Association of Urology

83. Urinary Incontinence

: 501. 5. Nambiar, A.K., et al. EAU Guidelines on Assessment and Nonsurgical Management of Urinary Incontinence. Eur Urol, 2018. 6. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 924. 7. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? BMJ, 2008. 336: 995. 8. Phillips B, et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine – Levels of Evidence (March 2009). 2009. 9. Guyatt, G.H., et

2019 European Association of Urology

84. Renal Cell Carcinoma

. Fernández-Pello Montes, F. Hofmann, T. Kuusk, R. Tahbaz TABLE OF CONTENTS REFERENCES 1. Ljungberg, B., et al. Renal cell carcinoma guideline. Eur Urol, 2007. 51: 1502. 2. Ljungberg, B., et al. EAU guidelines on renal cell carcinoma: 2014 update. Eur Urol, 2015. 67: 913. 3. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? BMJ, 2008. 336: 995. 4. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ (...) , 2008. 336: 924. 5. Phillips B, et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick March 2009. 1998. 6. Guyatt, G.H., et al. Going from evidence to recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 1049. 7. Vogel, T., et al. Imaging in Suspected Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Systematic Review. Clin Genitourin Cancer, 2018. 8. Fernández-Pello, S., et al. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Comparing the Effectiveness and Adverse Effects of Different Systemic Treatments for Non

2019 European Association of Urology

85. Male Hypogonadism

., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? Bmj, 2008. 336: 995. 3. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. Bmj, 2008. 336: 924. 4. Phillips, B., et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick March 2009. 5. Guyatt, G.H., et al. Going from evidence to recommendations. Bmj, 2008. 336: 1049. 6. ‘t Hoen, L., et al. What are the risks of major (...) of Testosterone Deficiency: Recommendations From the Fourth International Consultation for Sexual Medicine (ICSM 2015). J Sex Med, 2016. 13: 1787. 10. Kaufman, J.M., et al. The decline of androgen levels in elderly men and its clinical and therapeutic implications. Endocr Rev, 2005. 26: 833. 11. Wu, F.C., et al. Hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis disruptions in older men are differentially linked to age and modifiable risk factors: the European Male Aging Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2008. 93: 2737. 12

2019 European Association of Urology

86. Male Infertility

guidelines on Male Infertility: the 2012 update. Eur Urol, 2012. 62: 324. 3. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 924. 4. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? BMJ, 2008. 336: 995. 5. Phillips B, et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick March 2009. 1998. 6. Guyatt, G.H., et al. Going from evidence (...) -ejaculated sperm. Hum Reprod, 2011. 26: 1752. 34. Carrell, D.T. The clinical implementation of sperm chromosome aneuploidy testing: pitfalls and promises. J Androl, 2008. 29: 124. 35. Johnson, M.D. Genetic risks of intracytoplasmic sperm injection in the treatment of male infertility: recommendations for genetic counseling and screening. Fertil Steril, 1998. 70: 397. 36. Clementini, E., et al. Prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in 2078 infertile couples referred for assisted reproductive techniques

2019 European Association of Urology

87. Valvular Heart Disease: A Proposal to Optimize Care for Patients

.INTRODUCTION - 1.1. Background - 1.2. Statement of the Problem - 1.3. Purpose of the Document. - 1.4. Elements of the Model ... - Figure 1. Relationships Among Primary Care Clinicians, General Cardiologists, and Valve Centers .. - 2.METHODS - 3.HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE FROM OTHER PROGRAMS ... - Table 1. Comprehensive/Advanced Care Centers in Other Areas of Medicine ... - 4.PROPOSED STRUCTURE FOR AN INTEGRATED MODEL OF CARE FOR PATIENTS WITH VHD .. - 4.1. Underlying Principles - 4.2. Role of the Primary Care (...) and tiered systems of care in other areas of medicine have been developed and embedded in the complex and large U.S. healthcare system. Often a key question is: what should constitute the designation of a centerwithinasystemasspecializedandcomprehensive? Examples of requirements for such a designation are available in multiple areas of medicine, both for acute problems (stroke, trauma, and myocardial infarction) and selected chronic disorders (bariatric surgery for obesity, adult congenital disease

2019 American College of Cardiology

88. Programs and services for suicide prevention

criteria are then described. Results There were 31 secondary sources that reviewed a wide range of interventions across multiple priority groups, most commonly examining e-health or mobile interventions and psychoeducation, with an emerging focus on mindfulness, and a lesser focus on gatekeeper training, diversion from emergency departments, peer support and brief contact interventions. The most common population group studied in the secondary sources was young people within secondary school settings (...) this age group in high income countries where the research originates. There was surprisingly little emphasis in the literature on other priority populations including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, people discharged from emergency department/psychiatric units, and other population groups including healthcare students and healthcare professionals, prisoners and primary prevention in the workplace. There was a diverse range of settings for suicide prevention programs covered

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

89. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Whole Exome and Whole Genome Sequencing

epilepsies and the emerging role of genetic testing. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Sep 1;171(9):863-71. PubMed PMID: 28759667. 4 Best S, Wou K, Vora N, et al. Promises, pitfalls and practicalities of prenatal whole exome sequencing. Prenat Diagn. 2018 Jan;38(1):10-19. Epub 2017 Jul 25. PubMed PMID: 28654730. 5 Chang YS, Huang HD, Yeh KT, et al. Evaluation of whole exome sequencing by targeted gene sequencing and Sanger sequencing. Clin Chim Acta. 2017 Jun 15;471:222-32. Epub 2017 Jun 15. PubMed PMID: 28624499. 6 (...) Medical Decisions, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9 screening procedures that may be unnecessary, resulting in increased risk of adverse events and costs. While WES is useful in diagnosing complex phenotypes, targeted testing, when possible, is typically a more cost-effective approach with a lower risk of incidental findings. The Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research (CSER) program provided an overview of recent advances in genomic medicine, including WES and WGS. They conclude that while there have

2019 AIM Specialty Health

90. Putting the M back in MFM: Addressing education about disparities in maternal outcomes and care

Putting the M back in MFM: Addressing education about disparities in maternal outcomes and care SMFMSpecialReport:Puttingthe “M”back inMFM:Addressingeducationaboutdisparities inmaternaloutcomesandcare LeslieMoroz,MD;LauraE.Riley,MD;MaryD’Alton,MD;HaywoodL.Brown,MD;AnneR.Davis,MD;MichaelFoley,MD; Cornelia R. Graves, MD; Jeanne S. Shef?eld, MD; Matthew L. Zerden, MD, MPH; Allison S. Bryant, MD, MPH At the 36th Annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), leaders in the ?eld (...) of maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) convened to address maternal outcome and care inequities from 3 perspectives: (1) education, (2) clinical care, and (3) research. Meeting attendees identi?ed knowledge gaps regarding disparities within the provider community; reviewed possible frameworks to address these knowledge gaps; and identi?ed models with which to address key clinical issues. Collaboration and communication between all stakeholders will be needed to gain a better understanding of these prevailing

2019 Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine

91. Endoscope Disinfection

[ ]. The emergence of CPEs has exposed long-standing flaws in reprocessing. Many of the problems associated with recent outbreaks are well-recognized problems from the past, including breaches of cleaning and disinfection protocols, often failure to dry before storage, and occult endoscope defects that compromise cleanability. However, there are also outbreaks in which cleaning and disinfection were performed in accordance with the guidelines and the manufacturer can find no fault in the endoscope. Recent (...) national and regional guidelines. In all countries, health resources are allocated in accordance with cost–benefit analyses. Prioritizing resources in low-income and middle-income countries has increasingly focused on cost-effectiveness [ ]. The cost-effectiveness of endoscopy can be estimated from the cost of delivering the services, the outcomes achieved, and the costs of complications [ ]. The emergence of CPE has increased the risk of serious infections occurring after endoscopy and has thus

2019 World Gastroenterology Organisation

92. Innovation to Create a Healthy and Sustainable Food System: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association

health and medicine; communities, worksites, and schools; and individuals and families. Our rationale for focusing on the food system is that current dietary patterns of Americans are inconsistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans , and this is hypothesized to be associated with a food system that precludes healthy foods as the default choices. Currently, dietary patterns in the United States include less than the recommended amounts of fruits, vegetables, dairy, whole grains, beans (...) step toward improving health outcomes. Innovation can occur through policy, private sector, public health, medicine, community, and individual-level approaches. The multiple stakeholders that contribute to a healthy and sustainable food system are shown in the . Figure. Multiple stakeholders contribute to a healthy, sustainable food system . Innovative Policy Approaches to Create a Healthy and Sustainable Food System highlights selected innovative food system policies that currently have documented

2019 American Heart Association

93. Pharmacological Management of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women

Endocrine Research Unit, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California Search for other works by this author on: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism , Volume 104, Issue 5, May 2019, Pages 1595–1622, Published: 25 March 2019 Article history Accepted: 28 January 2019 Received: 28 January 2019 Citation Richard Eastell, Clifford J Rosen, Dennis M Black, Angela M Cheung, M (...) ) of the European Medicines Agency ( ). Further recommendations from the SmPC emphasize the importance of identifying patients at risk for hypocalcemia and addressing this risk by assuring an adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D before initiating therapy. Serum calcium levels may be checked prior to each dose of denosumab. Individuals at risk for hypocalcemia should be educated about the signs and symptoms of hypocalcemia before administration of the agent. Adverse events Adverse events assessed

2019 The Endocrine Society

94. Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes: A User's Guide: Fourth Edition (Draft)

Safety Organizations 171 3.4. Developments Affecting the HIPAA Privacy Rule 173 3.4.1. The Institute of Medicine Report 173 3.4.2. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 174 3.4.3. The HITECH Act 174 3.4.4. Summary of Regulatory Requirements 176 4. Registry Transparency, Oversight, and Data Ownership 177 4.1. Registry Transparency 177 4.2. Registry Oversight 178 4.3. Data Ownership 179 4.3.1. Health Information Ownership and Value Proposition 179 4.3.2. Publications 180 4.3.3 (...) for Chapter 9 240 Chapter 10. Recruiting and Retaining Participants in the Registry 242 1. Introduction 242 2. Recruitment 243 2.1. Hospital Recruitment 243 2.2. Physician Recruitment 245 2.3. Vetting Potential Participants 246 2.4. Patient Recruitment 247 2.5. Partnerships To Facilitate Recruitment 248 2.6. Procedural Considerations Related To Recruitment 249 3. Retention 250 3.1. Providers 250 3.2. Patients 251 4. Pitfalls in Recruitment and Retention 252 References for Chapter 10 254 Chapter 11

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

95. ACR–ASNR–SPR Practice Parameter for the Performance and Interpretation of Magnetic Resonance (MR) Spectroscopy of the Central Nervous System

is indicated by the condition of the patient, limitations of available resources, or advances in knowledge or technology subsequent to publication of this document. However, a practitioner who employs an approach substantially different from the guidance in this document is advised to document in the patient record information sufficient to explain the approach taken. The practice of medicine involves not only the science, but also the art of dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, alleviation (...) be needed to achieve a successful examination. If sedation is necessary, it should be administered by appropriately certified personnel (see the ACR–SIR Practice Parameter for Sedation/Analgesia). C. Facility Requirements Appropriate emergency equipment and medications must be immediately available to treat adverse reactions associated with administered medications. The equipment and medications should be monitored for inventory and drug expiration dates on a regular basis. The equipment, medications

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

96. Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Stage Testicular Cancer

patients with low-stage disease is limiting the burden of therapy and treatment-related toxicity without compromising cancer control. Thus, surveillance has assumed an increasing role among those with cancer clinically confined to the testis. Likewise, paradigms for management have undergone substantial changes in recent years as evidence regarding risk stratification, recurrence, survival, and treatment-related toxicity has emerged. Methodology The systematic review utilized to inform this guideline (...) , paradigms for management have undergone substantial change in recent years as evidence regarding risk stratification, recurrence, survival, and treatment-related toxicity has emerged. Urologists are frequently the initial treating clinician for men with newly diagnosed testis cancer and thus play a crucial role in counseling and treatment decision making. This clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for clinicians regarding the diagnosis, staging, treatment selection

2019 American Urological Association

97. BSG consensus guidelines on the management of inflammatory bowel disease in adults

& barney.hawthorne@wales.nhs.uk Dr Chris Lamb Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH. United Kingdom Department of Gastroenterology, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Queen Victoria Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4LP. United Kingdom Tel: +44 191 282 0135 Fax: +44 191 282 0523 Dr Barney Hawthorne Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, CF14 4XW. United Kingdom Tel: +44 2920 (...) Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, SE1 9RT, UK 14. Barts Health NHS Trust, London, E1 1BB, UK 15. Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, E1 2AT, UK 16. Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UK 17. University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK 18. New Road Surgery, Hertfordshire, WD3 6HD, UK 19. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 0SP, UK 20. Systematic Research Ltd. 78 Loughborough Road, Quorn, Leics LE12 8DX, UK 21. Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI

2019 British Society of Gastroenterology

98. Valvular Heart Disease: A Proposal to Optimize Care for Patients

.INTRODUCTION - 1.1. Background - 1.2. Statement of the Problem - 1.3. Purpose of the Document. - 1.4. Elements of the Model ... - Figure 1. Relationships Among Primary Care Clinicians, General Cardiologists, and Valve Centers .. - 2.METHODS - 3.HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE FROM OTHER PROGRAMS ... - Table 1. Comprehensive/Advanced Care Centers in Other Areas of Medicine ... - 4.PROPOSED STRUCTURE FOR AN INTEGRATED MODEL OF CARE FOR PATIENTS WITH VHD .. - 4.1. Underlying Principles - 4.2. Role of the Primary Care (...) and tiered systems of care in other areas of medicine have been developed and embedded in the complex and large U.S. healthcare system. Often a key question is: what should constitute the designation of a centerwithinasystemasspecializedandcomprehensive? Examples of requirements for such a designation are available in multiple areas of medicine, both for acute problems (stroke, trauma, and myocardial infarction) and selected chronic disorders (bariatric surgery for obesity, adult congenital disease

2019 American College of Cardiology

99. Is it ethical to ‘google’ a patient?

to be absolutely necessary for the patient’s safety and cannot practically be obtained any other way. So clearly, these two circumstances – curiosity versus beneficence – stand on opposite extremes of the spectrum. However, as there are many clinical scenarios where the morality isn’t entirely straightforward, physicians should be aware of the significance and potential pitfalls of PTG prior to searching so they can make consistent and justifiable decisions about whether or not to perform the search (...) expressly or by providing their contact information. When providers bypass this process of consent, it is under extenuating circumstances (emergencies or patient incapacity) and in the interest of patient welfare. Questions to ask yourself before you hit “search” Considering the potential implications PTG could have, Clinton et al recommend a number of questions for providers to ask themselves before looking a patient up on the internet. “Why do I want to conduct the search?” If it is out of curiosity

2019 Clinical Correlations

100. Concise practice guidance on the prevention and management of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia

of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia Membership of the working party J. J Pandit 1 , T. M Cook 2 , S. Shinde 3 , K. Ferguson 4 , J. Hitchman 5 , W. Jonker 6 , P . M Odor 7 , T. Meek 8 1 Consultant, Nuffield Department of Anaesthesia, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK (Co-Chair, Working Party on behalf of the Royal College of Anaesthetists) 2 Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Royal United Hospital, Bath, UK (on behalf of Royal College (...) of Anaesthetists) 3 Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, North Bristol NHS Trust (Co-Chair, Working Party on behalf of the Association of Anaesthetists) 4 Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, UK (on behalf of the Safe Anaesthesia Liaison Group) 5 Chartered Architect (retired), Lay Member, Royal College of Anaesthetists, London, UK 6 Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Sligo University Hospital, Sligo, Ireland (on behalf of the College

2019 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

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