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Emergency Medicine Pitfalls

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181. Guidance addressing all aspects of the care of people with schizophrenia and related disorders. Includes correct diagnosis, symptom relief and recovery of social function

to their area of interest and expertise, with reference to existing systematic reviews and informal literature reviews undertaken for this guideline. In addition, experts in specific areas contributed to the relevant sections. All members of the writing group reviewed the entire document. The writing group also considered relevant international clinical practice 1 Discipline of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, SA, Australia 2 Ramsay Health Care (SA) Mental Health, Adelaide, SA (...) circumstances or facing additional challenges. Keywords Schizophrenia, schizoaffective, first-episode psychosis, management, treatment Off-label prescribing In this guideline, evidence and expert opinion for the effectiveness of treatments for schizophrenia and related disorders have been reviewed and considered. In some instances, the therapies (e.g. medicines) identified as effective may not be specifically approved for such use in Australia and/or New Zealand. The use of such therapeutic agents outside

2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

182. Occupational Therapy for people Undergoing total hip replacement

, therefore, take this into account when implementing the recommendations in this practice guideline. The service user story “I was very impressed with the support I received from the occupational therapists when I was in hospital in January 2011. From the outset, their approach was pro-active and very soon after arriving at the hospital there was a group meeting with a member of the department. The purpose of this was to prepare us (pre-operation) for the pitfalls (post- operation) and how to avoid

2018 British Association of Occupational Therapists

183. Clinical indications, image acquisition and data interpretation for white blood cells and anti-granulocyte monoclonal antibody scintigraphy

^ UniversityofRome, OspedaleS.Andrea,ViadiGrottarossa1035,00189Rome,Italy 2 DepartmentofNuclearMedicine,UniversitéCatholiquedeLouvain, Brussels,Belgium 3 DepartmentofNuclearMedicine,Rambam HealthCareCampus, Haifa,Israel 4 DepartmentofNuclearMedicine,CambridgeBiomedicalCampus, Cambridge,UK 5 NuclearMedicineDepartment,HospitalUniversitariodeBellvitge, Barcelona,Spain 6 RegionalCenterofNuclearMedicine,Azienda Ospedaliero-UniversitariaPisana,Pisa,Italy European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging https (...) ://, economic, legal and other aspects that need to be taken into consideration ineachcountry. Autologous WBC and anti-G-mAbs Autologous white blood cells (mainly neutrophils) can be radiolabelled ex-vivo using 99m Tc-HMPAO or 111 In-oxine as described elsewhere [7, 8] using sterile conditions in accordance with national regulation on the production of medicines. The recent availability of disposable sterile closed

2018 European Association of Nuclear Medicine

184. ESMO Consensus Conference Guidelines on testicular germ cell cancer: diagnosis, treatment and follow-up

, Manchester, UK; 8 Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 9 Department of Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; 10 Department of Urology, Asklepios Klinik Altona, Hamburg, Germany; 11 Department of Cancer Medicine, Gustave Roussy, University of Paris Sud, Villejuif, France; 12 Department of Oncology, Oslo University Hospital Radiumhospitalet, Oslo, Norway; 13 Department of Medical Oncology (...) , Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Barcelona University, Barcelona, Spain; 14 Department of Medical Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; 15 Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; 16 Department of Oncology and Hematology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, St. Gallen; 17 University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; 18 Department of Oncology, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø; 19 Institute of Clinical Medicine, UIT

2018 European Society for Medical Oncology

185. The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland Consensus Guidelines in Surgery for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

, Asia, Oceania and South America, with a global prevalence now surpassing 0.3%, which represents a significant health burden . Multidisciplinary management of patients with IBD A multidisciplinary approach is essential to achieving good outcomes for patients with IBD , . The multidisciplinary team should function well in all settings where IBD patients have contact: community, outpatient clinics and ward‐based care in elective and emergency circumstances. Definition of the IBD multidisciplinary team (...) of recommendation: GP Consensus: 91.4% (SA 54.3%, A 37.1%) The chronicity of IBD means that patients may require multiple endoscopic and radiological investigations. Where possible, imaging modalities that do not involve ionizing radiation should be used: ultrasonography and especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offer high diagnostic accuracy . Computed tomography (CT) is increasingly used to inform and direct management, especially in the emergency setting . A recent meta‐analysis concluded that 11

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2018 Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland

186. Breast Imaging and Intervention

Quality Control Program 19 Protocols 20 High-spatial Resolution Sequences 20 Basic Requirements for Breast MRI 20 Quality Assurance 21 3.1. Diffusion Weighted Imaging 21 3.2. Spectroscopy 22 4. Alternative Imaging Methods 22 4.1. Thermography 22 TABLE OF CONTENTS2 5. Emerging Technologies 22 Section B: Breast Intervention 23 1. General Principles 23 2. Biopsies 23 2.1. Selection of Image Guidance Modality 23 Mammographic Guidance 23 Stereotactic Guidance 23 Ultrasound Guidance 23 MRI Guidance 23 2.2 (...) by the Canadian College of Physicists in Medicine (CCPM) in the specialty of Mammography, or its equiva- lent, or any relevant provincial/territorial license. Please visit for further information.6 Training and experience shall include knowledge of the physics of mammography, systems components and performance, safety procedures, acceptance testing, quality control and CAR Mammography Accreditation Program (MAP) requirements. For more specific information about medical physicist responsibilities

2016 Canadian Association of Radiologists

187. The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma

, Zisakis AK, Zimmermann H, Exadaktylos AK. What is the incidence of intracranial bleeding in patients with mild traumatic brain injury? A retrospective study in 3088 Canadian CT head rule patients. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:453978. 3. Calcagnile O, Unden L, Unden J. Clinical validation of S100B use in management of mild head injury. BMC Emergency Medicine. 2012;12((Calcagnile O., Dept of Paediatric Medicine, Halmstad Regional Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden). 4. Pandor (...) ; University of Ghent, Belgium 2015. 6. Ruan S, Noyes K, Bazarian JJ. The economic impact of S-100B as a pre-head CT screening test on emergency department management of adult patients with mild traumatic brain injury (Structured abstract). Journal of NeuroTrauma. 2009;26(10):1655- 64. 7. Muller B, Evangelopoulos DS, Bias K, Wildisen A, Zimmermann H, Exadaktylos AK. Can S-100B serum protein help to save cranial CT resources in a peripheral trauma centre? A study and consensus paper. Emergency Medicine

2016 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

188. Guidelines for Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair

, Robert Fanelli, MD 6 , Raymond Price, MD 7 , William S. Richardson, MD 8 , Dimitrios Stefanidis, MD, PhD 9 . SAGES Guidelines Committee Corresponding author: William S. Richardson, MD Ochsner Medical Center 1514 Jefferson Highway New Orleans, LA 70121 Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, MA University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL Premier Surgical (...) of the defect. It is important to note that the thicker the abdominal wall, the larger the difference will be between measured and actual size of defect. Factors increasing this discrepancy include a fully insufflated abdomen, obesity, and a large hernia sac. In the setting of obesity and a large sac, the discrepancy will be greatest. Pitfalls of performing the external measurements include 1) angling the needle (either towards or away from the defect) through the abdominal wall rather than removing and re

2016 Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons

189. Celiac Disease

Epidemiology 9 3.1 Global emergence of celiac disease 9 3.2 Genetics 12 3.3 Environmental factors 13 4 Clinical history and key symptoms 13 4.1 Classic celiac disease 13 4.2 Nonclassic celiac disease 13 4.3 Asymptomatic celiac disease 14 5 Diagnosis of celiac disease 14 5.1 Why is celiac disease difficult to diagnose? 14 5.2 Which patients should be tested? 16 5.2.1 Patients with clinical manifestations suggestive of celiac disease 16 5.2.2 Conditions associated with an increased risk for celiac disease 16 (...) , IgG-based tests should be used: anti- DGP, anti-tTG, or EMA (the latter two are highly sensitive, but with lower specificity) ? Intestinal biopsies are always necessary if the antibodies are low or negative, and if there are no signs/symptoms of malabsorption. However, pitfalls in histological diagnosis are common, and findings are characteristic, but not specific ? In certain situations, biopsies may be omitted after the pros and cons have been discussed with an expert physician with special

2016 World Gastroenterology Organisation

190. Management of Intra-Abdominal Infection : guidelines by the Surgical Infection Society

Infection , , , , , , , , , , , and Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri. , JPS Health System, Fort Worth, Texas. , Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. , Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. , Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. , Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. , Department of Surgery, University (...) of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky. , Trauma Department, Abrazo West Campus, Goodyear, Arizona. , Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. , Department of Surgery, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, New York. , Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. , and Departments of Surgery and Pediatrics, Hofstra-Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, New York. Published Online: 1 Jan 2017

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2016 Surgical Infection Society

191. Measurement of Reactive Oxygen Species, Reactive Nitrogen Species, and Redox-Dependent Signaling in the Cardiovascular System

or RNS accumulation. Despite extensive data implicating oxidative stress in animal models of cardiovascular disease and dysfunction, there is still no conclusive evidence that ROS/RNS are fundamentally involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in humans, and there is a paucity of convincing evidence that antioxidants are effective therapies in cardiovascular medicine. Yet the belief remains that oxidative stress contributes to many cardiovascular pathologies. Putative reasons

2016 American Heart Association

193. Interpretive Diagnostic Error Reduction in Surgical Pathology and Cytology

: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations . BMJ . 2008 ;336(7650): 924 – 926 . 18. Cancer Care Ontario. Pathology and laboratory medicine evidence-based series (EBS). Cancer Care Ontario Web site . . Accessed September 22, 2014 . 19. Lind AC, Bewtra C, Healy JC, Sims KL. Prospective peer review in surgical pathology . Am J Clin Pathol . 1995 ;104(5): 560 – 566 . 20. Novis D. Routine review of surgical pathology cases as a method by which to reduce diagnostic (...) Interpretive Diagnostic Error Reduction in Surgical Pathology and Cytology Interpretive Diagnostic Error Reduction in Surgical Pathology and Cytology: Guideline From the College of American Pathologists Pathology and Laboratory Quality Center and the Association of Directors of Anatomic and Surgical Pathology | Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine | | > > > Interpretive Diagnostic Error Reduction in Surgical Pathology and Cyto... Volume 140, Issue 1 (January 2016) Alerts for the Journal

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2016 College of American Pathologists

194. Evidence-Based Policy Making: Assessment of the American Heart Association?s Strategic Policy Portfolio

. There is also likely no evidence on equity and/or efficiency. Promising Impact In general, the evidence shows that these components positively affect health across at least a few settings, and there might also be evidence of improved equity and/or efficiency. However, the evidence base is lacking rigorous study types, peer review, and a sufficient amount of evidence from practice or theory and research. Emerging In general, there is very little or no evidence on the health, equity, and efficiency impacts (...) : Class I, LOE A Implement robust stroke systems of care, including stroke telemedicine (federal/state/local) AHA guidelines: Class I, LOE A and Class I, LOE B , Support comprehensive, coordinated emergency medical servicessystems of care: support strengthening 9-1-1 systems, establish quality community CPR/AED programs, establish quality school-based programs, protect funding for NEMSIS (federal/state/local) AHA guidelines: Class I, LOE B , Support out-of-hospital cardiac arrest systems (state/local

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2016 American Heart Association

195. Mitochondrial Function, Biology, and Role in Disease

regulatory cues need to be explored. Finally, although the role of acetylation in modifying individual proteins is the main focus of this section, data are emerging to show that the overall function of mitochondrial quality control and integrity, which are also modulated by nutrient levels and redox stress, including mitochondrial turnover (mitochondrial dynamics, mitophagy, and biogenesis) , , , and redox- and proteotoxic-stress amelioration effects, , might be regulated by the mitochondrial acetylome

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2016 American Heart Association

196. Pediatric Chronic Home Invasive Ventilation: An Official ATS Clinical Practice Guideline

ventilation.Standardizedhospitaldischargecriteriaaresuggested. Anawake,trainedcaregivershouldbepresentatalltimes,andatleast twofamilycaregiversshouldbetrainedspeci?callyforthechild’s care.Standardizedequipmentformonitoring,emergency preparedness,andairwayclearanceareoutlined.The recommendationspresentedarebasedonthecurrentevidenceand expertopinionandwillrequireanupdateasnewevidenceand/or technologiesbecomeavailable. Keywords: respiratory insuf?ciency; mechanical ventilators; discharge planning; medical home; children Contents Overview Introduction (...) Home Equipment Requirements Be Applied When Planning for the Equipment Needs of Children Requiring Invasive Ventilator Support in the Home? Research Priorities Conclusions An Executive Summary of this document is available at Correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to Laura M. Sterni, M.D., Eudowood Division of Pediatric Respiratory Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 200 North Wolfe Street

2016 American Thoracic Society

197. Acute Myocardial Infarction in Women

Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (1999–2011) is 0.9962. No comparability ratios were applied. Source: National Center for Health Statistics and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Reprinted from Mozaffarian et al. Copyright © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc. Emerging data highlight important sex differences in the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and clinical outcomes that were spurred by 2 milestone reports from the Institute of Medicine: Exploring the Biological Contributions (...) to Human Health: Does Sex Matter? and Women’s Health Research: Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise. These reports highlight the fact that although major progress has been made in reducing CVD mortality in women, medical research has historically neglected the health needs of women, apart from reproductive concerns. Women’s health involves 2 aspects: sex differences resulting from biological factors and gender differences affected by broader social, environmental, and community factors. Although

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2016 American Heart Association

198. Portal Hypertension Bleeding in Cirrhosis, Guidance

for the study of liver diseases Volume 66 Issue 1 Hepatology pages: 304-304 First Published online: June 8, 2017 Corresponding Author E-mail address: Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Digestive Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT Department of Medicine, VA‐CT Healthcare System, West Haven, CT ADDRESS CORRESPONDENCE AND REPRINT REQUESTS TO : Guadalupe Garcia‐Tsao, M.D. Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Digestive Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine 333 (...) Cedar Street ߚ 1080 LMP New Haven, CT 06520 Tel: + 1‐203‐737‐6063 E‐mail: Cirrhosis Care Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology (Liver Unit), Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Hepatology, Inselspital, University Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine (UVCM), University of Bern, Switzerland Hepatology, Inselspital, University Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine (UVCM), University of Bern, Switzerland Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain Liver Unit, Hepatic

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2016 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

199. Initial Diagnostic Workup of Acute Leukemia

abnormalities (partic- Accepted for publication December 9, 2016. Published as an Early Online Release February 22, 2017. Supplemental digital content is available for this article at www. in the October 2017 table of contents. From the Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (Dr Arber); the Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (Dr Borowitz); the Depart- ment of Pathology, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, Utah (...) using an evidence-based meth- odology intended to meet recommendations for a report from the Institute of Medicine. 9 This guideline is based on the results of a systematic review (SR) of available evidence. A detailed description of the methods and SR (including the quality assessment and complete analysis of the evidence) used to create this guideline can be found in the supplemental digital content, which also includes 24 tables and 2 ?gure ?les, at in the October 2017

2016 College of American Pathologists

200. Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Aspergillosis

works by this author on: Raoul Herbrecht 6University of Strasbourg, France Search for other works by this author on: Dimitrios P. Kontoyiannis 7University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston Search for other works by this author on: Kieren A. Marr 8Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland Search for other works by this author on: Vicki A. Morrison 9Hennepin County Medical Center and University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (...) Search for other works by this author on: M. Hong Nguyen 10University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Search for other works by this author on: Brahm H. Segal 11University at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, and Roswell Park Cancer Institute, New York Search for other works by this author on: William J. Steinbach 12Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina Search for other works by this author on: David A. Stevens 13California Institute for Medical Research, San

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2016 Infectious Diseases Society of America

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