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61. Right Sided Sigmoid Colon and Redundant Loop of Descending Colon with Its Embryological Correlation and Clinical Significance Full Text available with Trip Pro

Right Sided Sigmoid Colon and Redundant Loop of Descending Colon with Its Embryological Correlation and Clinical Significance Anatomical variations of colon are mostly developmental and can lead to variety of acute and chronic pathological conditions. So it becomes important to recognize and understand the importance of clinical implications of such anomalies to benefit surgeons, clinical geneticists and research community. We describe two cases of right sided sigmoid colon and long descending

2016 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

62. The embryological basis of subclinical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

The embryological basis of subclinical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins, the commonest being MYBPC3 encoding myosin-binding protein C. It is characterised by left ventricular hypertrophy but there is an important pre-hypertrophic phenotype with features including crypts, abnormal mitral leaflets and trabeculae. We investigated these during mouse cardiac development using high-resolution episcopic microscopy. In embryonic (...) . In an animal model we demonstrate that there is an embryological HCM phenotype. Crypts are a normal part of cardiac development but, along with the mitral valve and trabeculae, their developmental trajectory is altered by the presence of HCM truncating Mybpc3 gene mutation.

2016 Scientific reports

63. Abnormal Congenital Location of Stapes' Superstructure: Clinical and Embryological Implications Full Text available with Trip Pro

Abnormal Congenital Location of Stapes' Superstructure: Clinical and Embryological Implications Congenital middle ear malformations are rare. Most part of them are usually associated with other malformations, such as aural atresia, microtia, and dysmorphic craniofacial features. A clinical case of a 24-year-old male with a right-sided conductive hearing loss since his childhood, without craniofacial malformation, is presented. He was proposed for exploratory tympanotomy under the suspicious (...) diagnosis of otosclerosis. The surgery revealed an abnormal location of stapes' superstructure, which was attached to the promontory and had an isolated and mobile osseous footplate in the oval window. A stapes prosthesis was inserted and resulted in closure of the air-bone gap by 25 dB. A review of the literature was also performed using MEDLINE. Two theories diverge on the embryologic origin of the stapes. Our findings seem to be in favour of the theory that defines two different embryologic origins

2016 Case reports in otolaryngology

64. The Human Central Canal of the Spinal Cord: A Comprehensive Review of its Anatomy, Embryology, Molecular Development, Variants, and Pathology Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Human Central Canal of the Spinal Cord: A Comprehensive Review of its Anatomy, Embryology, Molecular Development, Variants, and Pathology The human central canal of the spinal cord is often overlooked. However, with advancements in imaging quality, this structure can be visualized in more detail than ever before. Therefore, a timely review of this part of the cord seemed warranted. Using standard search engines, a literature review was performed for the development, anatomy, and pathology

2016 Cureus

65. Embryological Consideration of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Full Text available with Trip Pro

Embryological Consideration of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas The topographical distribution of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) was analyzed based on the embryological anatomy of the dural membrane. Sixty-six consecutive cases of intracranial and spinal DAVFs were analyzed based on the angiography, and each shunt point was identified according to the embryological bony structures. The area of dural membranes was categorized into three different groups: a ventral group located (...) characterized by the two different embryological bony structures. The FT group was formed only with the dura propria as an independent risk factor for aggressive clinical course and hemorrhage of DAVFs.

2016 Neurologia medico-chirurgica

66. Anatomy of the Ophthalmic Artery: Embryological Consideration Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anatomy of the Ophthalmic Artery: Embryological Consideration There are considerable variations in the anatomy of the human ophthalmic artery (OphA), such as anomalous origins of the OphA and anastomoses between the OphA and the adjacent arteries. These anatomical variations seem to attribute to complex embryology of the OphA. In human embryos and fetuses, primitive dorsal and ventral ophthalmic arteries (PDOphA and PVOphA) form the ocular branches, and the supraorbital division

2016 Neurologia medico-chirurgica

67. Review of Prostate Anatomy and Embryology and the Etiology of BPH Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review of Prostate Anatomy and Embryology and the Etiology of BPH Prostate development follows a common pattern between species and depends on the actions of androgens to induce and support ductal branching morphogenesis of buds emerging from the urogenital sinus. The human prostate has a compact zonal anatomy immediately surrounding the urethra and below the urinary bladder. Rodents have a lobular prostate with lobes radiating away from the urethra. The human prostate is the site of benign

2016 The Urologic clinics of North America

68. Duplication of the superficial femoral artery: comprehensive review of imaging literature and insight into embryology Full Text available with Trip Pro

Duplication of the superficial femoral artery: comprehensive review of imaging literature and insight into embryology An extremely rare case of duplicated superficial femoral artery (SFA) was incidentally observed on computed tomography angiogram (CTA) of the lower limbs for presurgical planning for an osteomyocutaneous fibula flap in a patient with T4a oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). To our knowledge, this is the sixth reported case in the imaging literature. We performed (...) a comprehensive review of the English literature and discuss the underlying embryological origin underpinning this rare anatomical variant.

2016 Acta Radiologica Open

69. Duplicated Origin of the Left Vertebral Artery: A Case Report and Embryological Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Duplicated Origin of the Left Vertebral Artery: A Case Report and Embryological Review The duplicated origin of vertebral artery (VA) is a very rare condition. It could be easily misdiagnosed as an arterial dissection on selective catheter angiography, especially in a patient with acute cerebellar infarction of unknown etiology. We report a patient with an acute cerebellar infarction and duplicated origin of the left VA, which was found during the selective catheter angiography.

2016 Neurointervention

70. The Role of Embryologic Fusion Planes in the Invasiveness and Recurrence of Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Classic Mix-Up of Causation and Correlation Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Embryologic Fusion Planes in the Invasiveness and Recurrence of Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Classic Mix-Up of Causation and Correlation The facial embryologic fusion planes as regions of mesenchymal and ectodermal fusion of the primordial facial processes during embryological development have been suggested to influence the spread, invasiveness, pathogenesis, and recurrence of cutaneous carcinoma. This study sought to establish whether basal cell carcinoma (BCC) originating (...) in embryologic fusion planes has a greater propensity for earlier depth of invasion, leading to an increased rate of lesion recurrence.Facial BCCs excised in a single surgeon practice over 2 years were allocated into 2 anatomic domains according to their correlation with embryologic fusion planes. Lesion depth of invasion, surface area, and margins of excision were analyzed in conjunction with recurrence data over the following 70-80 months.Of the 331 lesions examined, 70 were located in embryologic fusion

2016 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open

71. Cardiac Embryology and Molecular Mechanisms of Congenital Heart Disease: A Primer for Anesthesiologists. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cardiac Embryology and Molecular Mechanisms of Congenital Heart Disease: A Primer for Anesthesiologists. Congenital heart disease is diagnosed in 0.4% to 5% of live births and presents unique challenges to the pediatric anesthesiologist. Furthermore, advances in surgical management have led to improved survival of those patients, and many adult anesthesiologists now frequently take care of adolescents and adults who have previously undergone surgery to correct or palliate congenital heart

2016 Anesthesia and Analgesia

72. Different effectiveness of closed embryo culture system with time-lapse imaging (EmbryoScope(TM)) in comparison to standard manual embryology in good and poor prognosis patients: a prospectively randomized pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Different effectiveness of closed embryo culture system with time-lapse imaging (EmbryoScope(TM)) in comparison to standard manual embryology in good and poor prognosis patients: a prospectively randomized pilot study. Previously manual human embryology in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) centers is rapidly being replaced by closed embryo incubation systems with time-lapse imaging. Whether such systems perform comparably to manual embryology in different IVF patient populations has, however (...) , never before been investigated. We, therefore, prospectively compared embryo quality following closed system culture with time-lapse photography (EmbryoScope™) and standard embryology. We performed a two-part prospectively randomized study in IVF (clinical trial # NCT92256309). Part A involved 31 infertile poor prognosis patients prospectively randomized to EmbryoScope™ and standard embryology. Part B involved embryos from 17 egg donor-recipient cycles resulting in large egg/embryo numbers, thus

2016 Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E Controlled trial quality: uncertain

73. Embryologically based radical hysterectomy as peritoneal mesometrial resection (PMMR) with pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy for loco-regional tumor control in endometrial cancer: first evidence for efficacy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Embryologically based radical hysterectomy as peritoneal mesometrial resection (PMMR) with pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy for loco-regional tumor control in endometrial cancer: first evidence for efficacy To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of embryologically based compartmental surgery for locoregional tumor control in intermediate and high risk endometrial cancer: peritoneal mesometrial resection with therapeutic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy by robotically assisted

2015 Archives of gynecology and obstetrics

74. Branchial cleft anomalies: a pictorial review of embryological development and spectrum of imaging findings Full Text available with Trip Pro

Branchial cleft anomalies: a pictorial review of embryological development and spectrum of imaging findings The branchial arches are the embryological precursors of the face, neck and pharynx. Anomalies of the branchial arches are the second most common congenital lesions of the head and neck in children, with second branchial arch anomalies by far the most common. Clinically, these congenital anomalies may present as cysts, sinus tracts, fistulae or cartilaginous remnants with typical clinical (...) and radiological findings. We review the normal embryological development of the branchial arches and the anatomical structures of the head and neck that derive from each arch. The typical clinical and radiological appearances of both common and uncommon branchial arch abnormalities are discussed with an emphasis on branchial cleft anomalies.• Anomalies of the branchial arches usually present as cysts, sinuses or fistulae. • Second branchial arch anomalies account for approximately 95 % of cases

2015 Insights into imaging

75. An embryological perspective on the early arthropod fossil record Full Text available with Trip Pro

An embryological perspective on the early arthropod fossil record Our understanding of the early evolution of the arthropod body plan has recently improved significantly through advances in phylogeny and developmental biology and through new interpretations of the fossil record. However, there has been limited effort to synthesize data from these different sources. Bringing an embryological perspective into the fossil record is a useful way to integrate knowledge from different disciplines

2015 BMC evolutionary biology

76. A Functional Perspective on the Embryology and Anatomy of the Cerebral Blood Supply Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Functional Perspective on the Embryology and Anatomy of the Cerebral Blood Supply The anatomy of the arterial system supplying blood to the brain can influence the development of arterial disease such as aneurysms, dolichoectasia and atherosclerosis. As the arteries supplying blood to the brain develop during embryogenesis, variation in their anatomy may occur and this variation may influence the development of arterial disease. Angiogenesis, which occurs mainly by sprouting of parent (...) arteries, is the first stage at which variations can occur. At day 24 of embryological life, the internal carotid artery is the first artery to form and it provides all the blood required by the primitive brain. As the occipital region, brain stem and cerebellum enlarge; the internal carotid supply becomes insufficient, triggering the development of the posterior circulation. At this stage, the posterior circulation consists of a primitive mesh of arterial networks that originate from projection

2015 Journal of stroke

77. A European view of subspecialty training on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). (Abstract)

A European view of subspecialty training on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). Specialist training in reproductive medicine within Europe continues to evolve. Recent revisions, updates, and initiatives have helped to refine the core educational needs for the specialist trainee. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2015 Fertility and Sterility

78. Foreseeing fates: a commentary on Manton (1928) ‘On the embryology of a mysid crustacean, Hemimysis lamornae’ Full Text available with Trip Pro

Foreseeing fates: a commentary on Manton (1928) ‘On the embryology of a mysid crustacean, Hemimysis lamornae’ Sidnie Manton became best known for her work on arthropod locomotion, and for proposing radical views on the evolution of arthropods that were accepted for a generation. However, her early training was as an embryologist, and the work that she carried out at the beginning of her career still stands as one of the major twentieth century contributions to the study of crustacean (...) embryology. Here, I review her first major paper, largely completed while she was a graduate student, describing embryonic development in Hemimysis lamornae, a small shrimp-like animal found in the seas around the UK. The clarity of her writing and the quality of her figures set a standard that laid the basis for subsequent work, and although not all of her conclusions have stood the test of time, they remain a standard reference for work today. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th

2015 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

79. Essays on the History of Embryology: The Foundations of Morphologic Embryology: Part III Full Text available with Trip Pro

Essays on the History of Embryology: The Foundations of Morphologic Embryology: Part III 18742030 2008 08 29 2008 11 20 0093-4038 36 2 1932 Feb California and western medicine Cal West Med Essays on the History of Embryology: The Foundations of Morphologic Embryology: Part III. 105-9 Meyer A W AW eng Journal Article United States Cal West Med 0414326 0093-4038 1932 2 1 0 0 1932 2 1 0 1 1932 2 1 0 0 ppublish 18742030 PMC1658118

1932 California and western medicine

80. Essays on the History of Embryology: The Rise of Experimental Embryology: Part VIII Full Text available with Trip Pro

Essays on the History of Embryology: The Rise of Experimental Embryology: Part VIII 18742183 2008 08 29 2008 11 20 0093-4038 37 1 1932 Jul California and western medicine Cal West Med Essays on the History of Embryology: The Rise of Experimental Embryology: Part VIII. 41-4 Meyer A W AW eng Journal Article United States Cal West Med 0414326 0093-4038 1932 7 1 0 0 1932 7 1 0 1 1932 7 1 0 0 ppublish 18742183 PMC1658354

1932 California and western medicine

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