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Embryology

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41. Unilateral Complete Agenesis of Mesonephric Duct Derivatives in an 82-year-Old Male Cadaver: Embryology, Anatomy and Clinical Considerations (PubMed)

Unilateral Complete Agenesis of Mesonephric Duct Derivatives in an 82-year-Old Male Cadaver: Embryology, Anatomy and Clinical Considerations Development of urogenital anatomy in the human fetus is the result of a complex interplay between multiple different tissues. The time course of development is well documented and the morphologic outcomes of insults at various time points during development are predictable. We present a cadaveric case of unilateral agenesis of the left kidney, ureter

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2017 Urology case reports

42. Obligatory versus elective single embryo transfer in in vitro fertilization. A population-based analysis of data from the U.K. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. (PubMed)

Obligatory versus elective single embryo transfer in in vitro fertilization. A population-based analysis of data from the U.K. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. To determine how obligatory single embryo transfer (SET) and elective SET influence pregnancy outcome.We compared women who underwent obligatory and elective SET using data from a comprehensive, population-based register from the United Kingdom Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, which contained all in vitro

2017 Journal of Reproductive Medicine

43. Variations of the intra-articular portion of the long head of the biceps tendon: a classification of embryologically explained variations. (PubMed)

Variations of the intra-articular portion of the long head of the biceps tendon: a classification of embryologically explained variations. Although the intra-articular portion of the long head of the biceps (LHB) usually runs free, different types of fusions with the inferior surface of the capsule are known to be possible. Anatomic variations of this part of the LHB have been previously described and were nearly always considered to be innocent.Out of 2 populations of 1500 arthroscopies each

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

44. Daily workload in the embryology laboratory and in vitro fertilization results. (PubMed)

Daily workload in the embryology laboratory and in vitro fertilization results. To ascertain if the daily activity in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory is related to pregnancy rates (PR) and fertilization rates (FR) in an IVF program.A retrospective study was performed to compare the PR and the FR obtained in 845 oocyte retrievals (OR) and 713 embryo transfers (ET), according to the daily workload. Different cutoffs were established: < or = 3 OR per day vs. > 3 OR per day; < or = 3 ET

2017 Journal of Reproductive Medicine

45. Extraarticular variants of the long head of the biceps brachii: a reminder of embryology. (PubMed)

Extraarticular variants of the long head of the biceps brachii: a reminder of embryology. Developmental anomalies of the long head of the biceps tendon are rare and have been described in the literature mainly dealing with anatomy and embryology. Because most basic embryologic research on this topic was conducted before 1966, a literature search was performed from archived anatomy textbooks and manuscript references. These data were compared with the scarce case descriptions of developmental (...) anomalies of the long head of the biceps tendon. An additional case illustration from our own experience was provided. From the literature, it appears that during the embryologic phase of development, a staged migration of the long head of the biceps tendon occurs from a position between the fibrous capsule and synovial layer to an intraarticular position. Recent anatomic and arthroscopic case reports have shown that interruption of this migration can occur in any of these stages. Given the recent

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

46. Duplication of the superficial femoral artery: comprehensive review of imaging literature and insight into embryology (PubMed)

Duplication of the superficial femoral artery: comprehensive review of imaging literature and insight into embryology An extremely rare case of duplicated superficial femoral artery (SFA) was incidentally observed on computed tomography angiogram (CTA) of the lower limbs for presurgical planning for an osteomyocutaneous fibula flap in a patient with T4a oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). To our knowledge, this is the sixth reported case in the imaging literature. We performed (...) a comprehensive review of the English literature and discuss the underlying embryological origin underpinning this rare anatomical variant.

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2016 Acta Radiologica Open

47. Review of Prostate Anatomy and Embryology and the Etiology of BPH (PubMed)

Review of Prostate Anatomy and Embryology and the Etiology of BPH Prostate development follows a common pattern between species and depends on the actions of androgens to induce and support ductal branching morphogenesis of buds emerging from the urogenital sinus. The human prostate has a compact zonal anatomy immediately surrounding the urethra and below the urinary bladder. Rodents have a lobular prostate with lobes radiating away from the urethra. The human prostate is the site of benign

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2016 The Urologic clinics of North America

48. Low origin of the radial artery: a case study including a review of literature and proposal of an embryological explanation (PubMed)

Low origin of the radial artery: a case study including a review of literature and proposal of an embryological explanation A low origin of the radial artery is a rare anatomical variation, with the incidence estimated at 0.2 %. This report presents a previously unrecorded case of an unusual distal origin of the radial artery, co-occurring with a double recurrent radial artery. The radial artery arose under the pronator teres muscle, 76 mm below the intercondylar line of the humerus. After

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2016 Anatomical science international

49. The grass isn’t always greener: The effects of cannabis on embryological development (PubMed)

The grass isn’t always greener: The effects of cannabis on embryological development With the increasing publicity of marijuana due to recent legislation, it is pertinent that the effects of fetal exposure to the drug are assessed. While in utero cannabis exposure has been associated with early pregnancy failure, birth defects and developmental delay, the mechanisms of such outcomes are largely unexplained. Furthermore, the use of cannabinoids in cancer treatment via growth inhibition

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2016 BMC pharmacology & toxicology

50. Dorsoscapularis triangularis: embryological and phylogenetic characterization of a rare variation of trapezius (PubMed)

Dorsoscapularis triangularis: embryological and phylogenetic characterization of a rare variation of trapezius The muscle trapezius shows considerable morphological diversity. Variations include an anomalous origin and complete or partial absence of the muscle. The present study reported, a hitherto undocumented complete bilateral absence of the cervical part of trapezius. Based on its peculiar origin and insertion, it was named dorsoscapularis triangularis. The embryological, phylogenetic

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2016 Anatomy & cell biology

51. Development and Growth of the Normal Cranial Vault : An Embryologic Review (PubMed)

Development and Growth of the Normal Cranial Vault : An Embryologic Review Understanding the development of a skull deformity requires an understanding of the normal morphogenesis of the cranium. Craniosynostosis is the premature, pathologic ossification of one or more cranial sutures leading to skull deformities. A review of the English medical literature using textbooks and standard search engines was performed to gather information about the prenatal development and growth of the cranial

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2016 Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society

52. Embryological Origin of Human Smooth Muscle Cells Influences Their Ability to Support Endothelial Network Formation (PubMed)

Embryological Origin of Human Smooth Muscle Cells Influences Their Ability to Support Endothelial Network Formation Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from distinct anatomic locations derive from different embryonic origins. Here we investigated the respective potential of different embryonic origin-specific SMCs derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to support endothelial network formation in vitro. SMCs of three distinct embryological origins were derived from an mStrawberry

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2016 Stem cells translational medicine

53. The first descriptions of various anatomical structures and embryological remnants of the heart: A systematic overview. (PubMed)

The first descriptions of various anatomical structures and embryological remnants of the heart: A systematic overview. In the present study a brief overview of the history regarding the development of the knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomical elements of the heart along with some embryological remnants of the heart has been conducted. The evolution of the awareness as regards the various anatomical and embryonic structures of the heart began from Greek medico-philosophers (...) , such as Hippocrates, Herophilus, Erasistratus and Galen, however, such knowledge was enpowered from the meticulous study of philosophers and physicians until the era of modern anatomy. In specific, the following anatomical and embryological structures are displayed: aortic and pulmonary valve, auricles, bundle of Kent, cardiac nerves, conduction system of the heart, ductus arteriosus, intervenous tubercle of Lower, left atrial oblique vein and ligament of Marshall, limbus of fossa ovalis, mitral and tricuspid

2016 International journal of cardiology

54. Isolated Anomalous Origin of Left Pulmonary Artery From the Descending Aorta: An Embryologic Ambiguity. (PubMed)

Isolated Anomalous Origin of Left Pulmonary Artery From the Descending Aorta: An Embryologic Ambiguity. Anomalous origin of a branch pulmonary artery from the aorta is a rare malformation, accounting for 0.12% of all congenital heart defects. Anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery from the aorta (ALPA) constitutes a small proportion of these cases. ALPA has been reported to arise from the ascending aorta with various embryologic postulates. We report a case of isolated ALPA arising from (...) the descending aorta in association with a patent ductus arteriosus, to emphasize its embryologic ambiguity.Copyright © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2016 Annals of Thoracic Surgery

55. Obstetric and perinatal outcomes after either fresh or thawed frozen embryo transfer: an analysis of 112,432 singleton pregnancies recorded in the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority anonymized dataset. (PubMed)

Obstetric and perinatal outcomes after either fresh or thawed frozen embryo transfer: an analysis of 112,432 singleton pregnancies recorded in the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority anonymized dataset. To explore obstetric and perinatal outcomes in singleton pregnancies occurring as a result of fresh and thawed frozen embryo transfer using anonymized Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority data.Retrospective cohort study.Not applicable.Singleton births after IVF/intracytoplasmic

2016 Fertility and Sterility

56. Right Sided Sigmoid Colon and Redundant Loop of Descending Colon with Its Embryological Correlation and Clinical Significance (PubMed)

Right Sided Sigmoid Colon and Redundant Loop of Descending Colon with Its Embryological Correlation and Clinical Significance Anatomical variations of colon are mostly developmental and can lead to variety of acute and chronic pathological conditions. So it becomes important to recognize and understand the importance of clinical implications of such anomalies to benefit surgeons, clinical geneticists and research community. We describe two cases of right sided sigmoid colon and long descending

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2016 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

57. Duplicated Origin of the Left Vertebral Artery: A Case Report and Embryological Review (PubMed)

Duplicated Origin of the Left Vertebral Artery: A Case Report and Embryological Review The duplicated origin of vertebral artery (VA) is a very rare condition. It could be easily misdiagnosed as an arterial dissection on selective catheter angiography, especially in a patient with acute cerebellar infarction of unknown etiology. We report a patient with an acute cerebellar infarction and duplicated origin of the left VA, which was found during the selective catheter angiography.

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2016 Neurointervention

58. Dural Venous System in the Cavernous Sinus: A Literature Review and Embryological, Functional, and Endovascular Clinical Considerations (PubMed)

Dural Venous System in the Cavernous Sinus: A Literature Review and Embryological, Functional, and Endovascular Clinical Considerations The cavernous sinus (CS) is one of the cranial dural venous sinuses. It differs from other dural sinuses due to its many afferent and efferent venous connections with adjacent structures. It is important to know well about its complex venous anatomy to conduct safe and effective endovascular interventions for the CS. Thus, we reviewed previous literatures (...) concerning the morphological and functional venous anatomy and the embryology of the CS. The CS is a complex of venous channels from embryologically different origins. These venous channels have more or less retained their distinct original roles of venous drainage, even after alterations through the embryological developmental process, and can be categorized into three longitudinal venous axes based on their topological and functional features. Venous channels medial to the internal carotid artery

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2016 Neurologia medico-chirurgica

59. Embryology

Embryology Embryology Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Embryology Embryology Aka: Embryology , Embryo Organ Development (...) are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Embryology." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: embryologic (C0013943) Definition (MSH) Used with organs, regions, and animal headings for embryologic and fetal development. It is used also with diseases for embryologic factors contributing to postnatal disorders. Concepts Functional Concept ( T169 ) MSH English EMBRYOL , EM , embryologic , embryology

2018 FP Notebook

60. Congenital coronary artery anomalies: a bridge from embryology to anatomy and pathophysiology-a position statement of the development, anatomy, and pathology ESC Working Group. (PubMed)

Congenital coronary artery anomalies: a bridge from embryology to anatomy and pathophysiology-a position statement of the development, anatomy, and pathology ESC Working Group. Congenital coronary artery anomalies are of major significance in clinical cardiology and cardiac surgery due to their association with myocardial ischaemia and sudden death. Such anomalies are detectable by imaging modalities and, according to various definitions, their prevalence ranges from 0.21 to 5.79 (...) %. This consensus document from the Development, Anatomy and Pathology Working Group of the European Society of Cardiology aims to provide: (i) a definition of normality that refers to essential anatomical and embryological features of coronary vessels, based on the integrated analysis of studies of normal and abnormal coronary embryogenesis and pathophysiology; (ii) an animal model-based systematic survey of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate coronary blood vessel development; (iii

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2016 Cardiovascular Research

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