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21. Embryology of coronary arteries and anatomy/pathophysiology of coronary anomalies. A comprehensive update. (PubMed)

Embryology of coronary arteries and anatomy/pathophysiology of coronary anomalies. A comprehensive update. This paper reviews new findings in both embryology of coronary arteries and in clinical observations of coronary artery anomalies.Our presentation emphasizes studies based on: 1) newer methods of coronary development in animals and humans, and 2) intravascular ultrasonography to interpret pathophysiology and guide treatment of coronary anomalies.New data reveal the roles of many cellular

2018 International journal of cardiology

22. Artificial oocyte activation with SrCl2 or calcimycin after ICSI improves clinical and embryological outcomes compared with ICSI alone: results of a randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Artificial oocyte activation with SrCl2 or calcimycin after ICSI improves clinical and embryological outcomes compared with ICSI alone: results of a randomized clinical trial. Are pregnancy and birth rates affected by artificial oocyte activation (AOA) with SrCl2 or calcimycin after ICSI for couples with male-factor infertility linked to abnormal sperm morphology or for couples with previous ICSI cycles of unexplained low fertilization or inadequate fertilization associated with impaired oocyte

2018 Human Reproduction Controlled trial quality: predicted high

23. Classics revisited: Dietrich Starck on comparative embryology and placentation. (PubMed)

Classics revisited: Dietrich Starck on comparative embryology and placentation. Dietrich Starck (1908-2001) was a German embryologist who wrote extensive reviews on comparative placentation.Starck's embryology textbook and his comprehensive review of comparative embryology and placentation give excellent insights into the foundational literature and are extensively referenced. The many original illustrations include placentas from species that are not well described elsewhere.These resources

2017 Placenta

24. Anatomy of the Transverse Mesocolon Based on Embryology for Laparoscopic Complete Mesocolic Excision of Right-Sided Colon Cancer. (PubMed)

Anatomy of the Transverse Mesocolon Based on Embryology for Laparoscopic Complete Mesocolic Excision of Right-Sided Colon Cancer. To treat colon cancer via complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vascular ligation (CVL), dissection along the embryologic fusion planes is required. However, this surgery is difficult, especially for right-sided colon cancer, because the anatomy and embryology of the transverse mesocolon are not familiar to gastrointestinal surgeons.In this video article (...) , the anatomic details of the transverse mesocolon based on embryology are illustrated with a focus on the venous anatomy. Dissection of the transverse mesocolon along the embryologic planes using a cranial approach during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy also is presented.During the development of the primitive gastrointestinal tract, the transverse mesocolon locates between the terminal portion of the midgut and the beginning of the hindgut. After 270° counterclockwise rotation of the primary intestinal

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2017 Annals of Surgical Oncology

25. Zinner Syndrome: a Diagnostic Challenge. the Aid of Morphology, Embryology and Immunohistochemistry. (PubMed)

Zinner Syndrome: a Diagnostic Challenge. the Aid of Morphology, Embryology and Immunohistochemistry. We investigate a patient with right kidney agenesis. Imaging showed the presence of a cystic mass dislocating the bladder. The specimen showed three formations: a kidney remnant, a ureter with blind-ending branch, and a cyst, from which departed another tubular structure, considered the deferential duct. The specimen was sampled. The supposed kidney was formed by cystic structures. Examination

2017 Urology

26. Anatomical and embryological perspectives in laparoscopic complete mesocoloic excision of splenic flexure cancers. (PubMed)

Anatomical and embryological perspectives in laparoscopic complete mesocoloic excision of splenic flexure cancers. Laparoscopic complete mesocoloic excision (CME) with central vascular ligation for splenic flexure cancer is technically challenging because of its anatomical complexity. Although embryological and anatomical consideration should be helpful to perform CME in colorectal cancer surgery, such studies on the splenic flexure are lacking.The splenic flexure is located embryologically (...) in an intact package wrapped by the embryological planes.We performed laparoscopic surgery according to our surgical strategy in 17 patients with splenic flexure colon cancer. There were no conversions to open surgery or serious intraoperative complications. Two patients had pathological stage (pStage) I, 5 pStage II, 9 pStage III, and 1 pStage IV disease. No patient had recurrence except for 1 with pStage IV cancer, with a median follow-up of 16 months.Our laparoscopic CME technique is feasible

2017 Surgical endoscopy

27. High prevalence of same-sex twins in patients with cloacal exstrophy: Support for embryological association with monozygotic twinning. (PubMed)

High prevalence of same-sex twins in patients with cloacal exstrophy: Support for embryological association with monozygotic twinning. Previous studies have hypothesized that cloacal exstrophy may be caused by errors early in embryological development related to monozygotic twinning. This study reports the prevalence of twins in a large cohort of patients with cloacal exstrophy.Patients with cloacal exstrophy treated 1974-2015 were reviewed for reports of multiple gestation or conjoined

2017 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

28. Condensing embryology teaching for medical students: can it be taught in 2 hours? (PubMed)

Condensing embryology teaching for medical students: can it be taught in 2 hours? Embryology forms a valuable part of the medical school curriculum. However, medical students traditionally struggle with revising embryology and appreciating its relevance. Condensing the teaching content, implementing peer-teaching methods, and increasing clinical focus in curricula have been suggested as methods to improve student engagement.Medical students at two universities were taught a condensed version (...) of the embryological curriculum in 2 hours by final-year medical students. Students' confidence with the topics covered in the embryological curricula was assessed using anonymized precourse and postcourse questionnaires. Students were asked to further evaluate the quality, delivery, and content of the teaching in the postcourse questionnaire and were given the opportunity to provide written comments. All questions consisted of a statement stem and a five-point Likert scale.Students scored significantly higher

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2017 Advances in medical education and practice

29. Embryological Results of Couples Undergoing ICSI-ET Treatments with Males Carrying the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism rs175080 of the MLH3 Gene (PubMed)

Embryological Results of Couples Undergoing ICSI-ET Treatments with Males Carrying the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism rs175080 of the MLH3 Gene Human MLH3 (hMLH3) gene has been suggested to play a role in the DNA mismatch repair mechanism, while it may also be associated with abnormal spermatogenesis and subsequently male infertility. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible relationships between the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs175080 in the MLH3 gene of males (...) and the embryological results in couples undergoing intracytoplasmatic sperm injection-embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) treatments. A total of 132 men volunteered for the study and gave written informed consent. All couples were subjected to ICSI-ET treatments in the years 2010 to 2012. The couples were divided into three groups according to the genotype of their husbands: the wild type GG (n = 28), the heterozygotic type GA (n = 72) and the mutant type AA (n = 32). Significantly lower sperm concentration and progressive

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2017 International journal of molecular sciences

30. Gerbode defect: A comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment (PubMed)

Gerbode defect: A comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment The purpose of this paper is to survey the literature on Gerbode defect and provide an overview of its history, anatomy, development, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment options. The available literature on this topic, including case reports, was thoroughly reviewed. Gerbode defect is defined as abnormal shunting between the left ventricle and right atrium resulting from

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2017 Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

31. Update on the Notochord Including its Embryology, Molecular Development, and Pathology: A Primer for the Clinician (PubMed)

Update on the Notochord Including its Embryology, Molecular Development, and Pathology: A Primer for the Clinician The notochord is a rod-like embryological structure, which plays a vital role in the development of the vertebrate. Though embryological, remnants of this structure have been observed in the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral discs of normal adults. Pathologically, these remnants can give rise to slow-growing and recurrent notochord-derived tumors called chordomas. Using (...) standard search engines, the literature was reviewed regarding the anatomy, embryology, molecular development, and pathology of the human notochord. Clinicians who interpret imaging or treat patients with pathologies linked to the notochord should have a good working knowledge of its development and pathology.

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2017 Cureus

32. Update on Foregut Molecular Embryology and Role of Regenerative Medicine Therapies (PubMed)

Update on Foregut Molecular Embryology and Role of Regenerative Medicine Therapies Esophageal atresia (OA) represents one of the commonest and most severe developmental disorders of the foregut, the most proximal segment of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (esophagus and stomach) in embryological terms. Of intrigue is the common origin from this foregut of two very diverse functional entities, the digestive and respiratory systems. OA appears to result from incomplete separation of the ventral (...) of organ-specific scaffolds such as the esophagus with current initiatives directed toward their cellularization to facilitate optimal function. This chapter outlines the most current understanding of the molecular embryology underlying foregut development and OA, and also explores the promise of regenerative medicine.

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2017 Frontiers in pediatrics

33. Main pulmonary artery trifurcation in association with persistent right common pulmonary vein: a piece of embryological puzzle (PubMed)

Main pulmonary artery trifurcation in association with persistent right common pulmonary vein: a piece of embryological puzzle 28812006 2018 11 13 2223-4292 7 3 2017 Jun Quantitative imaging in medicine and surgery Quant Imaging Med Surg Main pulmonary artery trifurcation in association with persistent right common pulmonary vein: a piece of embryological puzzle. 380-382 10.21037/qims.2017.05.04 Bhat Venkatraman V Department of Radiology, Narayana Health, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Center, Bengaluru

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2017 Quantitative imaging in medicine and surgery

34. Computed tomography angiography of unilateral agenesis of the internal carotid artery: 2 cases report with focus on embryology, collateral pathways, and imaging (PubMed)

Computed tomography angiography of unilateral agenesis of the internal carotid artery: 2 cases report with focus on embryology, collateral pathways, and imaging Congenital absence of internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare anomaly seen in around 0.01% of the population. High incidence of aneurysms is reported in these patients population. Many patients are asymptomatic as the development of a collateral circulation ensures cerebral perfusion. The embryology, the common collateral pathways

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2017 Radiology Case Reports

35. Embryology of the VNO and associated structures in the grass snake Natrix natrix (Squamata: Naticinae): a 3D perspective (PubMed)

Embryology of the VNO and associated structures in the grass snake Natrix natrix (Squamata: Naticinae): a 3D perspective Snakes are considered to be vomerolfaction specialists. They are members of one of the most diverse groups of vertebrates, Squamata. The vomeronasal organ and the associated structures (such as the lacrimal duct, choanal groove, lamina transversalis anterior and cupola Jacobsoni) of adult lizards and snakes have received much anatomical, histological, physiological (...) and behavioural attention. However, only limited embryological investigation into these structures, constrained to some anatomical or cellular studies and brief surveys, has been carried out thus far. The purpose of this study was, first, to examine the embryonic development of the vomeronasal organ and the associated structures in the grass snake (Natrix natrix), using three-dimensional reconstructions based on histological studies, and, second, to compare the obtained results with those presented in known

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2017 Frontiers in zoology

36. Fetus in Fetu: Case Report and Brief Review of Literature on Embryologic Origin, Clinical Presentation, Imaging and Differential Diagnosis (PubMed)

Fetus in Fetu: Case Report and Brief Review of Literature on Embryologic Origin, Clinical Presentation, Imaging and Differential Diagnosis Fetus in fetu (FIF) is a rare entity in which a malformed diamniotic monochorionic parasitic fetal twin develops inside a normal co-twin's body, most commonly in the abdominal cavity. FIF is differentiated from the teratoma by the presence of vertebral column often with an appropriate arrangement of other organs or limbs around it.A two-and-a-half-year-old (...) with no evidence of recurrence.FIF is a pediatric rarity. Cross-sectional imaging helps in differentiating it from a teratoma, meconium peritonitis and abdominal ectopic pregnancy. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for this benign condition, which requires a follow-up only in certain cases. This case report describes a retroperitoneal fetus in fetu and discusses its clinical presentation, differential diagnosis and embryologic origin.

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2017 Polish Journal of Radiology

37. Absence of Posterior Triangle: Clinical and Embryological Perspective (PubMed)

Absence of Posterior Triangle: Clinical and Embryological Perspective Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and Trapezius (TM) muscle present in the cervical region serves as an important landmark in forming boundaries of posterior triangle of neck. This case reports a continuous muscle sheet obscuring the left posterior triangle in the neck of a 60-year-old Indian male cadaver. An unfamiliar oval gap was observed in its posterosuperior portion. Description of such a variant in anatomical literature (...) is rare and is scarcely reported. An attempt has been made to portray its embryological and phylogenetic basis. In addition authors have endeavoured to discuss its clinical implications. Awareness of such anatomical variations is relevant for the operating surgeons in their endeavour to perform various reconstruction surgeries of head and neck, radiologists while concluding various levels in Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) of the region and to the anaesthetists

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2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

38. Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: From Embryology to a Prenatal Ultrasound Diagnostic Update (PubMed)

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: From Embryology to a Prenatal Ultrasound Diagnostic Update 30065477 2018 11 14 0929-6441 25 3 2017 Jul-Sep Journal of medical ultrasound J Med Ultrasound Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: From Embryology to a Prenatal Ultrasound Diagnostic Update. 130-137 10.1016/j.jmu.2017.08.002 Kao Chuan-Chi CC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keelung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan. Hsieh Ching-Chang CC Department of Obstetrics

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2017 Journal of medical ultrasound

39. Accurate diagnosis of prenatal cleft lip/palate by understanding the embryology (PubMed)

Accurate diagnosis of prenatal cleft lip/palate by understanding the embryology Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CP) is one of the most common congenital malformations. Ultrasonographers involved in the routine 20-wk ultrasound screening could encounter these malformations. The face and palate develop in a very characteristic way. For ultrasonographers involved in screening these patients it is crucial to have a thorough understanding of the embryology of the face. This could help them

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2017 World journal of methodology

40. Embryological evidence substantiates the subcoxal theory on the origin of pleuron in insects (PubMed)

Embryological evidence substantiates the subcoxal theory on the origin of pleuron in insects The lateral body plate pleuron is a significant structure in insects that contributes to the development and elaboration of wings and limbs (appendages). Although the pleuron is thought to originate from the proximal-most appendicular segment, the subcoxa, details remain unclear, and the morphological boundary between the dorsal body plate tergum and appendage (BTA) has not been clearly specified

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2017 Scientific reports

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