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4221. Screening for Chlamydia in pharmacies

1968, all other rights are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney General’s Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Canberra ACT 2600 or posted at http://www.ag.gov.au/cca Electronic copies can be obtained from http://www.horizonscanning.gov.au Enquiries about the content of this summary should be directed to: HealthPACT Secretariat Department of Health and Ageing MDP 106 GPO Box 9848 (...) %), therefore transmission of chlamydia persisted in the population. It is felt that opportunistic screening has not been effective and that a systematic, register-based screening programme similar to the cervical pap smear screening programme would be more effective in eliminating chlamydia (Low et al 2005). COST IMPACT A free pharmacy based testing programme in the Netherlands was assessed for its cost- effectiveness. Women aged 15-29 years of age collecting their contraceptive prescriptions were offered

2007 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

4222. NMP22 BladderChek for the detection of bladder cancer (12 month update)

organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney General’s Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Canberra ACT 2600 or posted at http://www.ag.gov.au/cca Electronic copies can be obtained from http://www.horizonscanning.gov.au Enquiries about the content of this summary should be directed to: HealthPACT (...) of bladder cancer has been established in different patient groups, including those with confirmed bladder cancer, patients post- transurethral resection of bladder and in conjunction with standard urine cytology and cystoscopy (Carpinito et al,1996, Soloway et al, 1996, Sawczuk et al, 2000 and Shariat et al, 2004). The BladderChek ™ is the only point-of-care test approved in the United States (Matritech 2005). The Matritech NMP22 BladderChek ™ Test is indicated for professional and prescription home use

2006 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

4223. Implantable Collamer lens for the correction of myopic vision (12 month update)

your organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney General’s Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Canberra ACT 2600 or posted at http://www.ag.gov.au/cca Electronic copies can be obtained from http://www.horizonscanning.gov.au Enquiries about the content of this summary should be directed (...) or consultations in the aftercare period. The Eye Institute, Victoria, routinely perform laser surgery to correct myopic vision for $2,850 per eye. The cost of prescription lenses for severe myopia may range from A$100 to A$450, with frames ranging from A$250 to A$550 (personal communication Laubman & Pank, Optometrists). ETHICAL, CULTURAL OR RELIGIOUS CONSIDERATIONS No issues were identified/raised in the sources examined. OTHER ISSUES All papers by Sanders et al were supported and funded by the STAAR

2006 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

4224. ZstatFlu point of care influenza tests (Update)

are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney General’s Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Canberra ACT 2600 or posted at http://www.ag.gov.au/cca Electronic copies can be obtained from http://www.horizonscanning.gov.au Enquiries about the content of the report should be directed to: HealthPACT Secretariat Department of Health and Ageing MDP 106 GPO Box 9848 Canberra ACT 2606 AUSTRALIA (...) diagnostic tests versus patients in the standard test only group (39% vs. 52%, p = 0.03). Tests such as chest radiographs, blood cultures, and/or complete blood counts were reduced in the QuickVue ® Influenza Test tested group. For the clinic patients there was no difference in the rate of diagnostic tests ordered, or prescription of antivirals and antibiotics between the QuickVue ® Influenza Test and standard diagnostic methods groups (Poehling et al 2006)(level III-2 diagnostic evidence). A study

2007 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

4225. White blood cell count testing to predict coronary artery disease in the general population

within your organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney General’s Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Canberra ACT 2600 or posted at http://www.ag.gov.au/cca Electronic copies can be obtained from http://www.horizonscanning.gov.au Enquiries about the content of this summary should be directed (...) and for the management of chronic coronary artery disease. Firstly, if the use of WBC testing resulted in less episodes of myocardial infarction, it is likely that there would be a reduction in hospital and treatment costs. Second, if WBC testing resulted in a greater number of patients detected with coronary heart disease such as angina, there would be an increase in costs associated with prescription medication use. ETHICAL, CULTURAL OR RELIGIOUS CONSIDERATIONS No issues were identified/raised in the sources

2005 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

4226. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the VA Healthcare System

We conducted a search in Medline (via PubMed) and HealthSTAR of literature published from 1966 to October 9, 2006. The search terms and MeSH headings included the following: VA, veteran(s), United States Department of Veterans Affairs, ethnic, race, racial, disparity(-ies), black(s), Hispanic, population groups, race relations. Appendix I provides the strategy and search terms in detail. All citations were imported into an electronic database (EndNote 9.0) The search strategy was saved (...) HSR&D Annual Meeting for relevant studies. We compiled an evidence table of all relevant completed but unpublished studies. HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Pilot Program – 5 Racial Disparities Review RESULTS The initial electronic literature search generated 1098 titles and abstracts. An additional 7 titles were added through manual and automatic update searches. After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria at the abstract level, 171 full-text articles were reviewed and sorted by clinical content area

2007 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

4227. Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Meta Analysis of Effectiveness

of monitoring strips and received the same instructions on monitoring. The intervention being tested was therefore the “Internet Based Blood Glucose Monitoring System”, which essentially increased the frequency of access to the diabetes team; electronic case management in a sense. It’s my perspective that the investigators are obligated to remove these studies from the main analysis. We agree and the articles by Cho and Kwon were removed from the analysis. Pogach Study Identification/ Study Selection (...) a prescription. What is usual care in this regard? We agree this is an interesting question. We agree that the Cho and Kwon studies aren't comparing SMBG to no SMBG , so as indicated above, we deleted these. We interpreted VA's main interest as SMBG vs. no SMBG at all. Pogach Data Synthesis A significant positive aspect of this study is to adjust for baseline A1c. This is welcome, and should be commented upon in more detail (see also data synthesis). Pogach Data Synthesis The reviewer’s perspective

2007 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

4229. The Role of Endomyocardial Biopsy in the Management of Cardiovascular Disease

, in consul- tation with that patient, and where appropriate and necessary the patient’s guardian or carer. It is also the health professional’s responsibility to verify the rules and regulations applicable to drugs and devices at the time of prescription. & The European Society of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, Inc, and the American College of Cardiology Foundation 2007. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org European Heart Journal (2007 (...) of a sterile needle and not with forceps. 21,22 The ?xative should be at room temperature to prevent contraction band artifacts. 23 The clinical reason for the biopsy determines how many samples are removed and how they are ?xed. In general, at least 4 to 5 samples are submitted for light microscopic examination, but more may be submitted for transmission electron microscopy if the clinical question is anthracycline cardiotoxicity. 22,24,25 Transmission electron microscopy may also be helpful

2007 European Society of Cardiology

4230. ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 Guidelines for Management of Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death

professionals to make appropriate decisions in the circumstances of the individual patients, in consultation with that patient, and where appropriate and necessary the patient’s guardian or carer. It is also the health professional’s responsibility to verify the rules and regulations applicable to drugs and devices at the time of prescription. Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/europace/article-abstract/8/9/746/534498 by guest on 02 April 2019Table of Contents Preamble 749 1. Introduction 750 1.1

2006 European Society of Cardiology

4231. Long-term cost-utility analysis of a multidisciplinary primary care diabetes management program in Ontario

Economic Model (ODEM). Interventions The multifaceted programme undertaken in the Group Health Centre (GHC) in Sault Ste Marie (non-profit capitated system), and directed at the patients, GHC providers and GHC health care system, lasted 18 months. Its components included a specialty diabetes nurse liaison, patient and provider education, and the programming of a diabetes tracker computer screen into the existing electronic medical record. This programme was compared with the situation before its (...) included diabetes-related complications and programme implementation costs (including patient and provider education, specialty nurse liaison, diabetes template programming in the electronic record, and medication change during the programme). The costs of complications were extracted from actual Ontario resource use profiles for a large prospective cohort of individuals with diabetes (n=734,113) over a 10-year time period. The cost of inpatient and outpatient hospital, outpatient physician visits

2007 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4232. A cost-utility analysis of mitoxantrone hydrochloride and interferon beta-Ib in the treatment of patients with secondary progressive or progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis

, which were derived from the manufacturers' package inserts; the costs associated with treating urinary tract infections in patients treated with MHCl, which were estimated using fee-for-service prescription claims data from the Oregon Medicaid programme; and the costs related to therapy intake, such as referrals to the oncology unit, echocardiograms, pre-medication with an antiemetic, and determination of clinical tests as recommended by the package insert. Outpatient charges from these tests were (...) in the USA, and have been approved by the US Food and Drug administration for the treatment of patients with MS. You should decide if these are widely used health interventions in your own setting. Validity of estimate of measure of effectiveness The authors performed an adequate review of the literature, identifying studies through electronic searches and hand searches. It would appear that the review was conducted systematically, so as to identify all relevant research and minimise biases. Further

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4233. Elbow orthoses: a review of literature

Elbow orthoses: a review of literature Elbow orthoses: a review of literature Elbow orthoses: a review of literature Hijmans J M, Postema K, Geertzen J H CRD summary This review aimed to assess the scientific basis of the prescription of elbow orthoses. The authors concluded that current prescriptions of elbow orthoses cannot be evidence-based, because no scientific evidence on elbow orthoses is available. However, potential flaws in the conduct of the review mean that relevant evidence might (...) have been overlooked. Authors' objectives To review the available literature on elbow orthoses in patients with various diagnoses, to assess the scientific base of the prescription of elbow orthoses. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and RECAL Information Services were searched from 1989 to June 2003; the search terms were reported. In addition, the references of included studies were checked for further relevant studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included

2004 DARE.

4234. Noncompliance with ocular hypotensive treatment in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension: an evidence-based review

treatment regimen and the patient’s actual dosing history. Studies that assessed other forms of noncompliance without reporting separate data for treatment compliance were excluded from the review. The outcomes assessed in the review included: amount of drug used; patient’s own estimate of compliance; percentage of time patients remembered to take their medication; mean number of repeat prescription refill requests; proportion of missed doses; the proportion of time exceeding the recommended 8-hour dose (...) that was supported by a reasonable literature search of electronic databases and other sources. However, some relevant studies might have been missed as only studies written in a limited number of European languages were eligible for inclusion. It is also unclear how extensive any efforts were to locate unpublished data. Efforts were made to reduce the risk of error and bias when selecting and extracting the study data, and the quality of the studies was assessed using published criteria, though it is not clear

2004 DARE.

4235. Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines

seat incline. CRD commentary The review question was broadly defined in terms of the participants, interventions and study designs of interest. A wide range of electronic databases and relevant journals were searched, though the restriction to English language studies might have introduced language bias. It was unclear whether the search was also restricted to published studies, so the potential for publication bias cannot be excluded. In addition, the authors did not describe any attempts (...) the assessment of seat incline need with actual seat prescription and subsequent performance of the child, rather than on which kind of incline is best. Funding Not stated. Bibliographic details McNamara L, Casey J. Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines. Disability and Rehabilitation 2007; 2(6): 309-318 Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adolescent; Cerebral Palsy /rehabilitation; Child; Child, Preschool

2007 DARE.

4236. Meta-analysis of oral triptan therapy for migraine: number needed to treat and relative cost to achieve relief within 2 hours

searched to identify primary studies MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched electronically. The reference lists from primary or benchmark papers and review articles were searched manually. Criteria used to ensure the validity of primary studies Not reported. Methods used to judge relevance and validity, and for extracting data The methods used to judge relevance, validity or extracting data were not reported. However, the authors stated that, although direct comparative trials are the ideal means (...) calculation. Measure of benefits used in the economic analysis The measure of benefit used for the synthesis with the costs was the number of patients with freedom of pain within 2 hours of the initial dosing. However, the NNT was calculated as the reciprocal of the measure of benefit and was multiplied by the costs in the cost-effectiveness analysis. The NNT was derived from the results of the review. Direct costs The only direct cost included was that of prescription drugs. The costs were not discounted

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4239. A systematic review of the evidence for incentive schemes to encourage positive health and other social behaviours in young people

expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the EPPI- Centre or the funders. Responsibility for the views expressed remains solely with the authors. ELECTRONIC VERSION ISBN: 0-9551548-6-3 978-0-9551548-6-7 © Copyright Authors of the systematic reviews on the EPPI-Centre website (http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/) hold the copyright for the text of their reviews. The EPPI- Centre owns the copyright for all material on the website it has developed, including the contents of the databases, manuals (...) in health, education and other social behaviours. 2.3.2 Identification of studies Because of the challenges of searching for literature on this topic across a number of subject domains, a range of sources were used to identify reports of relevant research. These included searches of electronic bibliographic databases and registers; scanning of indexes of key journals; checking reference lists of key papers; checking for references on key websites; use of personal contacts and contact with our

2006 EPPI Centre

4240. Optical devices for adults with low vision: a systematic review of published studies of effectiveness

. The prevalence of vision loss both in the general and veteran populations is projected to increase dramatically over the next 20 years. With this trend is a growing need for low vision services targeted at detecting visual impairment and mitigating the functional consequences associated with age-related vision loss to improve quality of life. - Provision of low vision services, including low vision devices, to veterans is a priority for VA. Popular among veterans and practitioners are electronic optical (...) devices such as closed circuit TV (CCTV), computer assistive technologies, and non-electronic hand held models. However, advocates for visually impaired veterans have expressed concern over the quality of scientific evidence supporting the use of many low vision devices, particularly newly emerging electronic devices. - A multidisciplinary task force of VA vision care experts has been charged with developing a process for evidence-based new technology evaluation and dissemination of information in VA

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

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