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Electronic Prescription

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4201. Long-term cost-utility analysis of a multidisciplinary primary care diabetes management program in Ontario

Economic Model (ODEM). Interventions The multifaceted programme undertaken in the Group Health Centre (GHC) in Sault Ste Marie (non-profit capitated system), and directed at the patients, GHC providers and GHC health care system, lasted 18 months. Its components included a specialty diabetes nurse liaison, patient and provider education, and the programming of a diabetes tracker computer screen into the existing electronic medical record. This programme was compared with the situation before its (...) included diabetes-related complications and programme implementation costs (including patient and provider education, specialty nurse liaison, diabetes template programming in the electronic record, and medication change during the programme). The costs of complications were extracted from actual Ontario resource use profiles for a large prospective cohort of individuals with diabetes (n=734,113) over a 10-year time period. The cost of inpatient and outpatient hospital, outpatient physician visits

2007 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4202. A cost-utility analysis of mitoxantrone hydrochloride and interferon beta-Ib in the treatment of patients with secondary progressive or progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis

, which were derived from the manufacturers' package inserts; the costs associated with treating urinary tract infections in patients treated with MHCl, which were estimated using fee-for-service prescription claims data from the Oregon Medicaid programme; and the costs related to therapy intake, such as referrals to the oncology unit, echocardiograms, pre-medication with an antiemetic, and determination of clinical tests as recommended by the package insert. Outpatient charges from these tests were (...) in the USA, and have been approved by the US Food and Drug administration for the treatment of patients with MS. You should decide if these are widely used health interventions in your own setting. Validity of estimate of measure of effectiveness The authors performed an adequate review of the literature, identifying studies through electronic searches and hand searches. It would appear that the review was conducted systematically, so as to identify all relevant research and minimise biases. Further

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4203. Elbow orthoses: a review of literature

Elbow orthoses: a review of literature Elbow orthoses: a review of literature Elbow orthoses: a review of literature Hijmans J M, Postema K, Geertzen J H CRD summary This review aimed to assess the scientific basis of the prescription of elbow orthoses. The authors concluded that current prescriptions of elbow orthoses cannot be evidence-based, because no scientific evidence on elbow orthoses is available. However, potential flaws in the conduct of the review mean that relevant evidence might (...) have been overlooked. Authors' objectives To review the available literature on elbow orthoses in patients with various diagnoses, to assess the scientific base of the prescription of elbow orthoses. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and RECAL Information Services were searched from 1989 to June 2003; the search terms were reported. In addition, the references of included studies were checked for further relevant studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included

2004 DARE.

4204. Noncompliance with ocular hypotensive treatment in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension: an evidence-based review

treatment regimen and the patient’s actual dosing history. Studies that assessed other forms of noncompliance without reporting separate data for treatment compliance were excluded from the review. The outcomes assessed in the review included: amount of drug used; patient’s own estimate of compliance; percentage of time patients remembered to take their medication; mean number of repeat prescription refill requests; proportion of missed doses; the proportion of time exceeding the recommended 8-hour dose (...) that was supported by a reasonable literature search of electronic databases and other sources. However, some relevant studies might have been missed as only studies written in a limited number of European languages were eligible for inclusion. It is also unclear how extensive any efforts were to locate unpublished data. Efforts were made to reduce the risk of error and bias when selecting and extracting the study data, and the quality of the studies was assessed using published criteria, though it is not clear

2004 DARE.

4206. Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines

seat incline. CRD commentary The review question was broadly defined in terms of the participants, interventions and study designs of interest. A wide range of electronic databases and relevant journals were searched, though the restriction to English language studies might have introduced language bias. It was unclear whether the search was also restricted to published studies, so the potential for publication bias cannot be excluded. In addition, the authors did not describe any attempts (...) the assessment of seat incline need with actual seat prescription and subsequent performance of the child, rather than on which kind of incline is best. Funding Not stated. Bibliographic details McNamara L, Casey J. Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines. Disability and Rehabilitation 2007; 2(6): 309-318 Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adolescent; Cerebral Palsy /rehabilitation; Child; Child, Preschool

2007 DARE.

4207. Meta-analysis of oral triptan therapy for migraine: number needed to treat and relative cost to achieve relief within 2 hours

searched to identify primary studies MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched electronically. The reference lists from primary or benchmark papers and review articles were searched manually. Criteria used to ensure the validity of primary studies Not reported. Methods used to judge relevance and validity, and for extracting data The methods used to judge relevance, validity or extracting data were not reported. However, the authors stated that, although direct comparative trials are the ideal means (...) calculation. Measure of benefits used in the economic analysis The measure of benefit used for the synthesis with the costs was the number of patients with freedom of pain within 2 hours of the initial dosing. However, the NNT was calculated as the reciprocal of the measure of benefit and was multiplied by the costs in the cost-effectiveness analysis. The NNT was derived from the results of the review. Direct costs The only direct cost included was that of prescription drugs. The costs were not discounted

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

4209. A systematic review of the evidence for incentive schemes to encourage positive health and other social behaviours in young people

expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the EPPI- Centre or the funders. Responsibility for the views expressed remains solely with the authors. ELECTRONIC VERSION ISBN: 0-9551548-6-3 978-0-9551548-6-7 © Copyright Authors of the systematic reviews on the EPPI-Centre website (http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/) hold the copyright for the text of their reviews. The EPPI- Centre owns the copyright for all material on the website it has developed, including the contents of the databases, manuals (...) in health, education and other social behaviours. 2.3.2 Identification of studies Because of the challenges of searching for literature on this topic across a number of subject domains, a range of sources were used to identify reports of relevant research. These included searches of electronic bibliographic databases and registers; scanning of indexes of key journals; checking reference lists of key papers; checking for references on key websites; use of personal contacts and contact with our

2006 EPPI Centre

4210. Optical devices for adults with low vision: a systematic review of published studies of effectiveness

. The prevalence of vision loss both in the general and veteran populations is projected to increase dramatically over the next 20 years. With this trend is a growing need for low vision services targeted at detecting visual impairment and mitigating the functional consequences associated with age-related vision loss to improve quality of life. - Provision of low vision services, including low vision devices, to veterans is a priority for VA. Popular among veterans and practitioners are electronic optical (...) devices such as closed circuit TV (CCTV), computer assistive technologies, and non-electronic hand held models. However, advocates for visually impaired veterans have expressed concern over the quality of scientific evidence supporting the use of many low vision devices, particularly newly emerging electronic devices. - A multidisciplinary task force of VA vision care experts has been charged with developing a process for evidence-based new technology evaluation and dissemination of information in VA

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

4212. BPG for the Subcutaneous Administration of Insulin in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

endorsement of any of these products. Copyright With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or lim- itation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non-commercial purposes, without requiring the consent or permission of the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario, provided that an appropriate credit or citation appears in the copied work

2004 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4213. Nursing Care of Dyspnea:The 6th Vital Sign in Individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

of these products. Copyright With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non-commercial purposes, without requiring the consent or permission of the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario, provided that an appropriate credit or citation appears in the copied work as follows: Registered Nurses (...) exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Melbourne: National Health and Medical Research Council. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (2003). Health care guideline: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement [Electronic version]. Available: www.icsi.org McKenzie, D. K., Frith, P . A., Burdon, J. G. W., & Town, I. (2003). The COPDX Plan: Australian and New Zealand guidelines for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 2003. Medical

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4214. Interventions for Postpartum Depression

arising from any such errors or omission in the contents of this work. Any reference throughout the document to specific pharmaceutical products as examples does not imply endorsement of any of these products. Copyright With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non-commercial purposes (...) , 2005). In the general depression (non-postpartum) literature, a systematic review (Pignone et al., 2002) reported several studies which found screening did not lead to a significant increase in the number of patients treated for depression (Dowrick, 1995; Linn & Yager, 1980; Williams et al., 1999). Another study in this systematic review noted that screening increased the number of antidepressant prescriptions but not the number of referrals for counselling or psychiatric care (Callahan et al

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4215. Primary Prevention of Childhood Obesity

endorsement of any of these products. Copyright With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non-commercial purposes, without requiring the consent or permission of the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario, provided that an appropriate credit or citation appears in the copied work (...) – Developed with rigour using systematic methods to evaluate methodology; ¦ Available and accessible for retrieval; and ¦ Published in English. The following five guidelines were identified and critically appraised using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) Instrument (Agree Collaboration, 2001): 1. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (1997). Guidelines for school and community programs to promote lifelong physical activity among young people. [Electronic version

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4216. Screening for Delirium, Dementia and Depression in the Older Adult

as examples does not imply endorsement of any of these products. Copyright With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published in its entirety, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non- commercial purposes only, without requiring the consent or permission of the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario, provided that an appropriate credit

2003 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4217. Integrating Smoking Cessation into Daily Nursing Practice

of these products. Copyright First published in 2003 by the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario. This document was revised in March 2007. With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published in its entirety only, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non-commercial purposes, without requiring the consent or permission of the Registered

2003 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4218. Nursing Management of Hypertension

With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced and published, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational and non-commercial purposes, without requiring the consent or permission of the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario or the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario, provided that an appropriate credit or citation appears in the copied work as follows (...) and control hypertension. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 160(9 Suppl), S1-S50. National Institutes of Health (2003). The seventh report of the Joint National Committee: Prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure. JNC 7. Retrieved [Electronic Version] from: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/express.pdf Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2001). Hypertension in older people: A national clinical guideline. Retrieved [Electronic Version] from: www.sign.uk

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

4219. A controlled comparison study to evaluate different management strategies for workplace trauma

-studies.co.uk Copyright © 2006 British Occupational Health Research Foundation No part of this publication may be reproduced or used in any form by any means– graphic, electronic or mechanical including photocopying, recording, taping or information storage or retrieval systems – without prior permission in writing from the British Occupational Health Research Foundation. British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library ISBN 1

2006 British Occupational Health Research Foundation

4220. Workplace interventions for people with common mental health problems

that described non-work based interventions; our main criteria were that the study passed the critical appraisal process and that employment was among the outcome measures. As a consequence there are several studies where the intervention was targeted at practitioners such as primary care physicians, but the outcomes were focused on return to work or remaining in employment for people with common mental health problems. Electronic searches produced more than 15000 references. Subsidiary searches included

2005 British Occupational Health Research Foundation

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