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101. Controlling for Informed Presence Bias Due to the Number of Health Encounters in an Electronic Health Record. (PubMed)

Controlling for Informed Presence Bias Due to the Number of Health Encounters in an Electronic Health Record. Electronic health records (EHRs) are an increasingly utilized resource for clinical research. While their size allows for many analytical opportunities, as with most observational data there is also the potential for bias. One of the key sources of bias in EHRs is what we term informed presence-the notion that inclusion in an EHR is not random but rather indicates that the subject (...) for general health. We apply these methods to an EHR data set from a university medical center covering the years 2007-2013.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 American Journal of Epidemiology

102. Electronic Care Coordination From the Preoperative Clinic. (PubMed)

Electronic Care Coordination From the Preoperative Clinic. Fragmented and variable perioperative care exposes patients to unnecessary risks and handoff errors. The perioperative surgical home aims to optimize quality, value-based care. We performed a retrospective evaluation of how a preoperative assessment center could coordinate care through e-mails sent to a patient's healthcare team that initiate discussion on critical clinical information. During 100 clinic days on which 8122 patients were (...) evaluated, 606 triggered e-mails, with a potential impact on 19 elements across the perioperative care spectrum. Four cases were canceled, and 42 cases were rescheduled. By fostering information exchange, these communications could advance patient-centered, value-enhanced quality and safety outcomes.

2016 Anesthesia and Analgesia

103. A Pilot Randomized Crossover Trial of Electronic Cigarette Sampling Among Smokers. (PubMed)

A Pilot Randomized Crossover Trial of Electronic Cigarette Sampling Among Smokers. Electronic cigarette (EC) use is proliferating, but initial uptake patterns and their influence on smoking remains unclear. This study of EC sampling examines naturalistic uptake of ECs, as well as effects on smoking and perceived reward from smoking and vaping.Within a double-blind randomized crossover design, smokers (n = 24; 75% male; M age = 48.5 years) smoked as usual for 1 week, followed by two (...) delivery should be examined for potential differential patterns of smoking and vaping (eg, decreased smoking and increased vaping) given their suggested greater ability to provide nicotine and behavior/sensorimotor replacement.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

104. Impact of an Electronic Pain and Opioid Risk Assessment Program: Are There Improvements in Patient Encounters and Clinic Notes? (PubMed)

Impact of an Electronic Pain and Opioid Risk Assessment Program: Are There Improvements in Patient Encounters and Clinic Notes? A comprehensive electronic self-report assessment, called PainCAS® (Clinical Assessment System), was developed and implemented in three clinics. PainCAS captures demographic information, pain assessment, quality-of-life variables, and contains validated, electronic versions of screeners for risk of aberrant opioid-related behaviors (the SOAPP and COMM (...) ). This investigation sought to determine the impact of PainCAS on documentation of pain and opioid risk evaluations. Exploratory hypotheses examined changes in the content of the patient-provider interaction and any impact on outcome.In study 1, chart reviews were conducted between pain patients who completed the electronic program (N = 89) and controls who represented standard of care (N = 120). In study 2, two groups of chronic pain patients (treatment-as-usual Control condition = 75, PainCAS Experimental

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2016 Pain Medicine

105. Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation: A Systematic Review. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been steadily increasing in popularity among smokers, most of whom report using them to quit smoking. This study systematically reviews the current literature on the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as cessation aids.We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ERIC, ROVER, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU) library catalogue, and various (...) -cigarettes may be helpful.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

106. Exploring Differences in Youth Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Electronic Cigarette Television Advertisements. (PubMed)

Exploring Differences in Youth Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Electronic Cigarette Television Advertisements. Studies suggest that exposure to televised electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertising contributes to the recent increase in e-cigarette use among youth. This study examines the relationship between perceptions of e-cigarette advertisements and attitudes toward and intentions to use e-cigarettes among youth who had never used e-cigarettes.In May 2014, we conducted an online (...) a consumer good that may be harmful to youth but that may also be used to develop public health campaigns.© The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

2016 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

107. Using Random Forest Models to Identify Correlates of a Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnosis from Electronic Health Record Data. (PubMed)

Using Random Forest Models to Identify Correlates of a Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnosis from Electronic Health Record Data. To identify variables correlated with a diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) using random forest modeling applied to electronic health records.Retrospective analysis.Humedica de-identified electronic health records database.Subjects ≥ 18 years old with type 2 diabetes from January 1, 2008-September 30, 2013 having continuous data for 1 year pre (...) reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com

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2016 Pain Medicine

108. Poor congruence with guidelines in the use of antibiotics for acute bronchitis: a descriptive study based on electronic health records. (PubMed)

Poor congruence with guidelines in the use of antibiotics for acute bronchitis: a descriptive study based on electronic health records. Although acute bronchitis is frequently viral in nature, antibiotics are usually inappropriately prescribed in Primary Care to treat this condition, with serious public health consequences.To determine the prevalence and predictors of appropriate management of antibiotic use in acute bronchitis processes diagnosed in outpatients in the Spanish region (...) of Aragón.Four different electronic health databases provided demographic and clinical information pertaining to patients diagnosed with acute bronchitis in Primary Care in Aragón during 2011, as well as data for corresponding antibiotic prescriptions dispensed at pharmacies. We evaluated adherence to recommendations for antibiotic use in acute bronchitis episodes in adults collected in both international and national guidelines. Finally, regression analyses were used to identify factors associated

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2016 Family Practice

109. Statins and Risk of Lower Limb Revision Surgery: The Influence of Differences in Study Design Using Electronic Health Records From the United Kingdom and Denmark. (PubMed)

Statins and Risk of Lower Limb Revision Surgery: The Influence of Differences in Study Design Using Electronic Health Records From the United Kingdom and Denmark. Previous observational studies on statins have shown variable results based on the methodology used. Our objective was to study the association between statins and orthopedic implant failure and to explore the influence of methodological differences in study design. Our study base consisted of patients with a primary total joint (...) cohort studies, which may falsely suggest protective effects. The simple choice of how to classify exposure can substantially change results from biologically plausible to implausible. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 American Journal of Epidemiology

110. Evaluation of Tailored Electronic Reminders on Compliance With Removable Orthodontic Retention

Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Aged 12 to 21 years Planned for removable retention with Essix-type vacuum-formed retainers In the permanent dentition Exclusion Criteria: Inability to access or peruse electronic mail Cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial anomalies Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided (...) Evaluation of Tailored Electronic Reminders on Compliance With Removable Orthodontic Retention Evaluation of Tailored Electronic Reminders on Compliance With Removable Orthodontic Retention - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one

2016 Clinical Trials

111. E-cigarettes, Hookah Pens and Vapes: Adolescent and Young Adult Perceptions of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (PubMed)

E-cigarettes, Hookah Pens and Vapes: Adolescent and Young Adult Perceptions of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Most studies have assessed use of "e-cigarettes" or "electronic cigarettes," potentially excluding new electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), such as e-hookahs and vape pens. Little is known about how adolescents and young adults perceive ENDS and if their perceptions vary by sub-type. We explored ENDS perceptions among these populations.Ten focus groups with 77 adolescents (...) research on how ENDS sub-types are perceived among adolescents and young adults. In addition, our findings highlight negative product attributes reported by participants that may be useful in prevention and regulatory efforts to offset favorable marketing messages.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Nicotine & Tobacco Research

112. Designing an Electronic Patient Management System for Multiple Sclerosis: Building a Next Generation Multiple Sclerosis Documentation System (PubMed)

Designing an Electronic Patient Management System for Multiple Sclerosis: Building a Next Generation Multiple Sclerosis Documentation System Technologies like electronic health records or telemedicine devices support the rapid mediation of health information and clinical data independent of time and location between patients and their physicians as well as among health care professionals. Today, every part of the treatment process from diagnosis, treatment selection, and application to patient (...) analyzing the use of information technology by patients suffering from multiple sclerosis, we focused on the needs of neurological health care professionals and their handling of health information technology.Therefore, we researched the status quo of eHealth adoption in neurological practices and clinics as well as health care professional opinions about potential benefits and requirements of eHealth services in the field of multiple sclerosis.We conducted a paper-and-pencil-based mail survey in 2013

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2016 Interactive journal of medical research

113. Feasibility of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems in Surgical Patients (PubMed)

Feasibility of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems in Surgical Patients Cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for postoperative complications. Quitting or cutting down on cigarettes around the time of surgery may reduce these risks. This study aimed to determine the feasibility of using electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to help patients achieve this goal, regardless of their intent to attempt long-term abstinence.An open-label observational study was performed of cigarette smoking (...) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Nicotine & Tobacco Research

114. A randomized intervention study to evaluate whether electronic messaging can increase HPV vaccine completion and knowledge among college students. (PubMed)

the electronic intervention (text/e-mail appointment reminders and education messages) and controls received standard-of-care. Baseline/follow-up survey data were collected. Main outcome measures included vaccine completion and knowledge.HPV vaccine completion across groups were not significantly different for HPV dose 2 (53% vs 52%) and dose 3 (34% vs 32%). Mean knowledge score at follow-up for intervention group was significantly higher (p = .01) than at baseline. No significant differences in knowledge (...) A randomized intervention study to evaluate whether electronic messaging can increase HPV vaccine completion and knowledge among college students. To evaluate an intervention aimed at increasing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion of the 3-dose series and knowledge.Two hundred sixty-four male and female US college students 18-26 years old who were receiving HPV vaccine dose 1.Students were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. Intervention participants received

2016 Journal of American college health : J of ACH

115. A randomized trial comparing the effect of nicotine versus placebo electronic cigarettes on smoking reduction among young adult smokers. (PubMed)

A randomized trial comparing the effect of nicotine versus placebo electronic cigarettes on smoking reduction among young adult smokers. Electronic cigarette (EC) use is growing dramatically with use highest among young adults and current smokers. One of the most common reasons for using ECs is interest in quitting or reducing cigarettes per day (CPD); however there are few randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the effect of ECs on smoking abstinence and reduction.We conducted a two-arm; double (...) , and none were conducted in the United States. The current study adds knowledge to current literature on the feasibility of using ECs to aid smoking reduction among young smokers in US urban populations.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

116. AN ELECTRONIC PRESCRIPTION ALERTING SYSTEM-IMPROVING THE DISCHARGE MEDICINES PROCESS. (PubMed)

AN ELECTRONIC PRESCRIPTION ALERTING SYSTEM-IMPROVING THE DISCHARGE MEDICINES PROCESS. Whilst the prescribing of both in-patient and discharge medicines is electronic, there was no automatic notification to clinical pharmacists when a discharge prescription was ready to be screened. The notification required a member of medical or nursing staff to bleep their pharmacist informing them of a prescription's availability. This manual process led to a delay in pharmacist screening which impacted (...) the email body. The email is sent to named individuals within a given distribution list. The function is scalable to support all areas using Trust eDischarge Summaries.The system was introduced in April 2015. Data from before (June 2014-January 2015) and after (June 2015) implementation was compared.Prior to the introduction of an electronic alerting system the average time from a prescriber signing a prescription to clinical pharmacist screening was 93 minutes. Three months after starting the new

2016 Archives of Disease in Childhood

117. Establishment of the Australasian Electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration. (PubMed)

Establishment of the Australasian Electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration. Chronic pain is experienced by one in five Australians and is estimated to be the nation's third most costly health problem. In 2013, a chronic pain treatment outcomes registry was established, with the goals of evaluating treatment of chronic pain in multidisciplinary centers, establishing a benchmarking system to drive quality improvement and providing answers to important questions regarding types (...) and is being implemented in over 20 others across Australia and New Zealand within the first two years. Feedback in the initial phase has already resulted in improvements to the software and reports, as well as minor changes to the data set. Centers have submitted high-quality data describing the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients referred to specialist pain services.The electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration has been established for Australasia and is strongly supported

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2016 Pain Medicine

118. The validation of electronic health records in accurately identifying patients eligible for colorectal cancer screening in safety net clinics. (PubMed)

The validation of electronic health records in accurately identifying patients eligible for colorectal cancer screening in safety net clinics. While electronic health records (EHRs) play a key role in increasing colorectal cancer (CRC) screening by identifying individuals who are overdue, important shortfalls remain.As part of the Strategies and Opportunities to STOP Colon Cancer (STOP CRC) study, we assessed the accuracy of EHR codes in identifying patients eligible for CRC screening.We (...) of population-based data not only for tracking care, but also for delivering interventions.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Family Practice

119. Current Management of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Infections by Infectious Disease Specialists. (PubMed)

Current Management of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Infections by Infectious Disease Specialists. Management guidelines for cardiac implantable electronic device infections exist, but practice patterns of infectious disease (ID) specialists are not well known. We found that while many ID specialist practices mirror existing guidelines, a combination of complete device removal and prolonged antimicrobial therapy is favored when Staphylococcus aureus is involved.© The Author 2016 (...) . Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail journals.permissions@oup.com.

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2016 Clinical Infectious Diseases

120. Electronic device use by individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury (PubMed)

Electronic device use by individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury To describe use of several electronic devices among individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI).Cross-sectional survey.Community.Potential participants consisted of all individuals with traumatic SCI, ages 7 and older, who had received care through a large academic medical center in the Midwest between January 1, 2003, and January 2, 2013. All eligible individuals received the survey as part of a four-stage mailing (...) that asked questions about electronic device use in addition to questions about demographic and injury-related characteristics.Mailings were sent to 820 individuals; of those, 451 completed and returned the survey. Descriptive and nonparametric statistics were performed. Individuals with high-level tetraplegia were less likely to use tablet and handheld electronic devices than individuals at all other SCI levels. Individuals aged 65 years and older were less likely to own or use tablet computers

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2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine

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