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Electronic Cigarette

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1. CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)

CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes | NHMRC NHMRC Tagline NHMRC Tagline Publication date Publication date Content type Filtered by: All Publications News Page Search Quick links Toggle navigation Main navigation Funding One researcher has the potential to improve millions of lives. We provide funding for research through our grant system, with a transparent peer-review process to determine how funding is allocated. May 07 2018 May 07 2018 (...) and help them protect intellectual property. Jun 14 2018 Jul 25 2018 About us At NHMRC we are excited by the huge potential benefits of the research we fund and by the opportunities we have to ensure Australians have access to evidence-based, authoritative health advice. We create pathways to a healthier future through our research funding, our health guidelines and the ethical standards we set and uphold. Jul 25 2018 Jul 25 2018 CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes

2018 National Health and Medical Research Council

2. Are Electronic Cigarettes Safer Than Traditional Cigarettes?

Are Electronic Cigarettes Safer Than Traditional Cigarettes? Are Electronic Cigarettes Safer Than Traditional Cigarettes? – Clinical Correlations Search Are Electronic Cigarettes Safer Than Traditional Cigarettes? August 9, 2017 5 min read By Gabriel Lutz Peer Reviewed Due to the pervasiveness of television and print marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) in a .[1] As physicians, how should we advise our patients looking to quit smoking or those looking for a “healthier” alternative? What (...) air.[10] Unfortunately, there aren’t yet sufficient data to answer the question most germane to everyday clinical practice: whether smoking of e-cigs is truly safe relative to traditional cigarettes, and if switching from traditional to electronic cigarettes can aid smoking cessation. Studies in humans have been small and have generally not demonstrated a statistically significant difference in rates of smoking cessation between individuals receiving nicotine patches, nicotine e-cigs, or non

2017 Clinical Correlations

3. Randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre trial comparing electronic cigarettes with nicotine to varenicline and to electronic cigarettes without nicotine: the ECSMOKE trial protocol. (PubMed)

Randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre trial comparing electronic cigarettes with nicotine to varenicline and to electronic cigarettes without nicotine: the ECSMOKE trial protocol. Electronic cigarettes (EC) mainly with nicotine content are widely used worldwide. Although the number of publications about its use is increasing exponentially, evidence-based, unbiased, conclusive, head-to-head comparisons about its efficacy and safety as an aid for smoking (...) cessation are lacking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Design: randomised, placebo and reference treatment-controlled, multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group trial. Participants: smokers smoking at least 10 cigarettes/day in the past year and motivated to quit, aged 18-70 years. Interventions: (A) EC without nicotine (ECwoN) plus placebo tablets of varenicline administered by oral route: placebo condition, (B) EC with nicotine (ECwN) plus placebo tablets of varenicline: ECwN condition. Voltage

2019 BMJ open

4. Electronic Cigarettes for the Reduction or Cessation of Smoking: Clinical Utility, Safety, and Guidelines

Electronic Cigarettes for the Reduction or Cessation of Smoking: Clinical Utility, Safety, and Guidelines Electronic Cigarettes for the Reduction or Cessation of Smoking: Clinical Utility, Safety, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Electronic Cigarettes for the Reduction or Cessation of Smoking: Clinical Utility, Safety, and Guidelines Electronic Cigarettes for the Reduction or Cessation of Smoking: Clinical Utility, Safety, and Guidelines Published on: September 5, 2017 (...) Project Number: RB1130-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical evidence regarding the utility of electronic cigarettes for the reduction or cessation of smoking? What is the clinical evidence regarding the safety associated with electronic cigarettes or other vaping devices? What is the clinical evidence regarding the safety of propylene glycol, glycerin or polyethylene glycol inhalation from electronic

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

5. Favourable Perceptions of Electronic Cigarettes Relative to Cigarettes and the Associations with Susceptibility to Electronic Cigarette Use in Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents (PubMed)

Favourable Perceptions of Electronic Cigarettes Relative to Cigarettes and the Associations with Susceptibility to Electronic Cigarette Use in Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents We investigated favourable perceptions of electronic cigarettes (ECs) relative to cigarettes and their associations with EC use susceptibility in adolescents. Hong Kong Chinese Secondary 1-6 (U.S. grade 7-12) students (n = 40,202) were surveyed in 2014/2015 on EC use, cigarette smoking, favourable perceptions of ECs relative (...) to cigarettes, EC use susceptibility, family smoking, and socio-demographic characteristics. Cox regression yielded adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) of EC use susceptibility in never users, excluding those unaware of ECs. In all students, 8.9% were ever EC users, 47.2% reported favourable perceptions of ECs relative to cigarettes, such as less likely to cause accidents (25.2%) and less harmful to users (24.5%), and 28.9% did not know ECs. Among never EC users who were aware of ECs (n = 24,663), EC use

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

6. Effects of Electronic Cigarette Settings and Liquid Concentrations in Cigarette Smokers and Electronic Cigarette Users

Effects of Electronic Cigarette Settings and Liquid Concentrations in Cigarette Smokers and Electronic Cigarette Users Effects of Electronic Cigarette Settings and Liquid Concentrations in Cigarette Smokers and Electronic Cigarette Users - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effects of Electronic Cigarette Settings and Liquid Concentrations in Cigarette Smokers and Electronic Cigarette Users The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details

2018 Clinical Trials

7. Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. (PubMed)

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are electronic devices that heat a liquid into an aerosol for inhalation. The liquid usually comprises propylene glycol and glycerol, with or without nicotine and flavours, and stored in disposable or refillable cartridges or a reservoir. Since ECs appeared on the market in 2006 there has been a steady growth in sales. Smokers report using ECs to reduce risks of smoking, but some healthcare organizations, tobacco control

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2016 Cochrane

8. NHMRC CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)

NHMRC CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes | NHMRC NHMRC Tagline NHMRC Tagline Publication date Publication date Content type Filtered by: All Publications News Page Search Quick links Toggle navigation Main navigation Funding One researcher has the potential to improve millions of lives. We provide funding for research through our grant system, with a transparent peer-review process to determine how funding is allocated. May 07 2018 May 07 (...) researchers and help them protect intellectual property. Jun 14 2018 Jul 25 2018 About us At NHMRC we are excited by the huge potential benefits of the research we fund and by the opportunities we have to ensure Australians have access to evidence-based, authoritative health advice. We create pathways to a healthier future through our research funding, our health guidelines and the ethical standards we set and uphold. Jul 25 2018 Jul 25 2018 CEO Statement: Electronic cigarettes CEO Statement: Electronic

2015 National Health and Medical Research Council

9. Formaldehyde Vapor Concentration in Electronic Cigarettes and Health Complaints of Electronic Cigarettes Smokers in Indonesia (PubMed)

Formaldehyde Vapor Concentration in Electronic Cigarettes and Health Complaints of Electronic Cigarettes Smokers in Indonesia Electronic cigarettes regulation in Indonesia has not been set yet. In the last 4 years the electronic cigarettes have been widely distributed and used in Indonesia. Electronic cigarettes contain nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerol, liquid flavors, etc. All ingredients produce vapor when heated. Vapor and particles from electronic cigarettes affect the human health (...) . Formaldehyde is known as a product of propylene glycol and glycerol vapor degradation. Formaldehyde is one of the chemical agents categorized as carcinogen. The aim of the research was to analyze the identification of formaldehyde vapor concentration and health complaint of electronic cigarettes smoker. The research was conducted in Surabaya city, Indonesia, from October 2015 to December 2016. The research used cross-sectional approach. Sample was obtained by purposive sampling that fulfilled samples

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2018 Journal of environmental and public health

10. Feeling Hopeful Motivates Change: Emotional Responses to Messages Communicating Comparative Risk of Electronic Cigarettes and Combusted Cigarettes. (PubMed)

Feeling Hopeful Motivates Change: Emotional Responses to Messages Communicating Comparative Risk of Electronic Cigarettes and Combusted Cigarettes. Emotions are important in smoking-related communications, but the role of discrete positive and negative emotions in comparative risk messages about combusted and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is unclear.In an online experiment, 1,202 U.S. adult current smokers or recent quitters were randomized to view one of six messages about comparative (...) risk of e-cigarettes and cigarettes. Participants reported their feelings of hope, happiness, fear, guilt, disgust, and anger and risk perceptions and behavioral intentions about e-cigarettes and cigarettes.Hope was associated with higher perceived absolute cigarette risk, lower perceived absolute and comparative e-cigarette risk, and stronger intentions to quit smoking, seek quit help, use nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), switch to e-cigarettes, and use e-cigarettes exclusively versus dual use

2019 Health Education & Behavior

11. A lower impact of an acute exposure to electronic cigarette aerosols than to cigarette smoke in human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures was demonstrated using systems toxicology assessment. (PubMed)

A lower impact of an acute exposure to electronic cigarette aerosols than to cigarette smoke in human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures was demonstrated using systems toxicology assessment. In the context of tobacco harm-reduction strategy, the potential reduced impact of electronic cigarette (EC) exposure should be evaluated relative to the impact of cigarette smoke exposure. We conducted a series of in vitro studies to compare the biological impact of an acute exposure to aerosols (...) of "test mix" (flavors, nicotine, and humectants), "base" (nicotine and humectants), and "carrier" (humectants) formulations using MarkTen® EC devices with the impact of exposure to smoke of 3R4F reference cigarettes, at a matching puff number, using human organotypic air-liquid interface buccal and small airway cultures. We measured the concentrations of nicotine and carbonyls deposited in the exposure chamber after each exposure experiment. The deposited carbonyl concentrations were used

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2019 Internal and emergency medicine

12. Vaping patterns, nicotine dependence and reasons for vaping among American Indian dual users of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes. (PubMed)

Vaping patterns, nicotine dependence and reasons for vaping among American Indian dual users of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes. The American Cancer Society discourages the dual use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) and cigarettes because such use has not resulted in reduced exposures to the harmful effects of smoking. American Indian (AI) people have the highest prevalence of smoking and of EC use in the United States, but very little is known about dual EC and cigarette use in AI (...) communities.In 2016, 375 adult AI in Oklahoma who smoked cigarettes completed a survey about EC use (vaping). We describe vaping patterns, nicotine dependence, and reasons for EC use among the subset of 44 (12%) current dual EC users. To differentiate habitual EC users from occasional or merely curious users, we defined dual use as using ECs on some days or every day in the past 30 days.About one-third of dual users vaped ten or more times daily. About two-thirds used a tank product. Eleven percent used ECs

2019 BMC Public Health

13. Next generation media monitoring: Global coverage of electronic nicotine delivery systems (electronic cigarettes) on Bing, Google and Twitter, 2013-2018. (PubMed)

Next generation media monitoring: Global coverage of electronic nicotine delivery systems (electronic cigarettes) on Bing, Google and Twitter, 2013-2018. News media monitoring is an important scientific tool. By treating news reporters as data collectors and their reports as qualitative accounts of a fast changing public health landscape, researchers can glean many valuable insights. Yet, there have been surprisingly few innovations in public health media monitoring, with nearly all studies (...) relying on labor-intensive content analyses limited to a small number of media reports. We propose to advance this subfield by using scalable machine learning. In potentially the largest contemporary public health media monitoring study to date, we systematically characterize global news reports surrounding electronic cigarettes or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) using natural language processing techniques. News reports including ENDS terms (e.g., "electronic cigarettes") from over

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2018 PLoS ONE

14. Relationship between spending on electronic cigarettes, 30-day use, and disease symptoms among current adult cigarette smokers in the U.S. (PubMed)

Relationship between spending on electronic cigarettes, 30-day use, and disease symptoms among current adult cigarette smokers in the U.S. To examine the relationship between spending on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and disease symptoms compared with the relationship between 30-day e-cigarette use and disease symptoms among adult cigarette smokers in the U.S.We analyzed data from the Tobacco and Attitudes Beliefs Survey which included 533 respondents aged 24+ who were current cigarette (...) smokers and e-cigarette ever users. Fifteen self-reported disease symptoms were included as outcome variables. Separate multivariable logistic regression models were estimated for each disease symptom with total spending on e-cigarettes in the past 30 days and with reported 30-day e-cigarette use. All models controlled for cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) and sociodemographic characteristics.We found that those who spent more on e-cigarettes were more likely to report chest pain (AOR = 1.25, 95% CI

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2017 PLoS ONE

15. Electronic cigarettes may have a lower potential to cause harm in comparison to traditional tobacco cigarettes

Electronic cigarettes may have a lower potential to cause harm in comparison to traditional tobacco cigarettes UTCAT2764, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Electronic Cigarettes May Have a Lower Potential to Cause Harm in Comparison to Traditional Tobacco Cigarettes Clinical Question Do electronic cigarettes have a lower potential to cause harm when compared to traditional tobacco cigarettes? Clinical (...) Bottom Line Electronic cigarettes are aimed to deliver inhaled doses of nicotine. Although nicotine is addictive in nature, it poses very low capability to produce harm (aside from during pregnancy). It is because of the absence of dried tobacco leaves, which have been proven to contain harmful additives, which could potentially make electronic cigarettes a safer alternative in comparison to tobacco cigarette smoking. Due to the wide variety of liquid nicotine available on the market, regulation

2014 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

16. Why do people use electronic nicotine delivery systems (electronic cigarettes)? A content analysis of Twitter, 2012-2015. (PubMed)

Why do people use electronic nicotine delivery systems (electronic cigarettes)? A content analysis of Twitter, 2012-2015. The reasons for using electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are poorly understood and are primarily documented by expensive cross-sectional surveys that use preconceived close-ended response options rather than allowing respondents to use their own words. We passively identify the reasons for using ENDS longitudinally from a content analysis of public postings (...) on Twitter. All English language public tweets including several ENDS terms (e.g., "e-cigarette" or "vape") were captured from the Twitter data stream during 2012 and 2015. After excluding spam, advertisements, and retweets, posts indicating a rationale for vaping were retained. The specific reasons for vaping were then inferred based on a supervised content analysis using annotators from Amazon's Mechanical Turk. During 2012 quitting combustibles was the most cited reason for using ENDS with 43% (95%CI

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2017 PLoS ONE

17. Elements including metals in the atomizer and aerosol of disposable electronic cigarettes and electronic hookahs. (PubMed)

Elements including metals in the atomizer and aerosol of disposable electronic cigarettes and electronic hookahs. Our purpose was to quantify 36 inorganic chemical elements in aerosols from disposable electronic cigarettes (ECs) and electronic hookahs (EHs), examine the effect of puffing topography on elements in aerosols, and identify the source of the elements.Thirty-six inorganic chemical elements and their concentrations in EC/EH aerosols were determined using inductively coupled plasma (...) optical emission spectroscopy, and their source was identified by analyzing disassembled atomizers using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.Of 36 elements screened, 35 were detected in EC/EH aerosols, while only 15 were detected in conventional tobacco smoke. Some elements/metals were present in significantly higher concentrations in EC/EH aerosol than in cigarette smoke. Concentrations of particular elements/metals within EC/EH brands were sometimes variable

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2017 PLoS ONE

18. Effects of health-oriented descriptors on combustible cigarette and electronic cigarette packaging: an experiment among adult smokers in the United States. (PubMed)

Effects of health-oriented descriptors on combustible cigarette and electronic cigarette packaging: an experiment among adult smokers in the United States. Certain tobacco companies use health-oriented descriptors (eg, 100% organic) on product packaging and advertising of combustible cigarettes or electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) that create a 'health halo' around smoking and vaping. Previous observational research suggests that such language may be associated with more favourable attitudes (...) and reduced risk perceptions toward these brands compared with others. This study aimed to determine the effects of health-oriented descriptors on smokers' attitude toward the brand, perception of packaging information, comparative harm versus other brands and intention to purchase either combustible cigarettes or e-cigarettes.US adult smokers were randomly assigned to view either a health-oriented language package ('100% organic,' 'all natural' or 'no additives'), traditional marketing language package

2018 Tobacco Control

19. Testing messages about comparative risk of electronic cigarettes and combusted cigarettes. (PubMed)

Testing messages about comparative risk of electronic cigarettes and combusted cigarettes. Health agencies are grappling with communicating risks of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) compared with combusted cigarettes. This study examined smokers' responses to two types of comparative risk messages with one type incorporating more negative antismoking elements in the design.In an online experiment, 1400 US adult (18+ years) current smokers and recent quitters were randomised to view one (...) of three comparative risk messages about e-cigarettes (CR messages), one of three comparative risk messages that included more negative antismoking elements in the design (CR- messages) or a control message. Selection of outcomes was guided by the antismoking message impact framework. Multivariate analyses of covariance and logistic regression models analysed effects of messages on message evaluations, e-cigarette-related and cigarette-related beliefs and behavioural intentions.Both CR and CR- messages

2018 Tobacco Control

20. Measurement of cardiovascular and pulmonary function endpoints and other physiological effects following partial or complete substitution of cigarettes with electronic cigarettes in adult smokers. (PubMed)

Measurement of cardiovascular and pulmonary function endpoints and other physiological effects following partial or complete substitution of cigarettes with electronic cigarettes in adult smokers. Acute changes in select physiological parameters associated with cardiovascular physiology (systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR)), pulmonary function (FVC, FEV1, and exhaled CO and NO) and adverse events were measured in 105 clinically confined subjects who were randomized (...) into groups that either completely or partially switched from conventional cigarettes to e-cigarettes or completely discontinued using tobacco and nicotine products altogether. Use of the e-cigarettes for five days under the various study conditions did not lead to higher BP or HR values, negative respiratory health outcomes or serious adverse health events. Reductions in BP and HR vital signs were observed in most of the participants that either ceased tobacco and nicotine products use altogether

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2018 Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP

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