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Elbow Anatomy

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61. Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Overview)

: Contraindications The only absolute contraindication to amputation is a situation where sparing a limb or part of a limb would leave the patient better able to function than an amputation would. Previous Next: Technical Considerations Anatomy The elbow joint is composed of the distal end of the humerus and the proximal ends of the radius and the ulna. The humerus contributes the humeral condyle, composed of the trochlea medially from anterior to posterior and the capitulum laterally on the anterior aspect (...) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Overview) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations: Background, Indications, Contraindications Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzNzg4Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Elbow

2014 eMedicine Surgery

62. The incidence of neurologic complications and associated risk factors in elbow surgery: an analysis of 2759 cases. (PubMed)

of all 2759 patients were retrospectively reviewed to determine the preoperative diagnosis, the type of procedure, and postoperative neurologic complications.Neurologic complications were very uncommon. Neurologic deficit occurred in 10 of 2759 elbow operations. A neurologic complication occurred 4 distal biceps tendon surgeries (5.3%), 4 elbow arthroscopies (0.4%), 2 ligament reconstructions (0.7%), and 2 total elbow prosthesis (1.4%).A thorough understanding of the 3-dimensional anatomy (...) The incidence of neurologic complications and associated risk factors in elbow surgery: an analysis of 2759 cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of neurologic complications after elbow surgery and to provide perioperative tips and potential pitfalls for neurologic complications and how to cope with them.A single orthopedic surgeon performed 2759 elbow-related surgical procedures between January 2006 and October 2014. The surgical records and the postoperative follow-up

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

63. Anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow: a rare anatomical event: case report. (PubMed)

between the ulnar and the humeral heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris. Although a rare anatomical anomaly, an anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve is potentially an underreported finding. In individuals with cubital tunnel syndrome, diagnosis and surgical treatment may be negatively affected if the surgeon fails to recognize the aberrant anatomy. Upper extremity surgeons should also be mindful of this rare anomaly when performing elbow arthroscopy or medial epicondyle release to prevent inadvertent injury (...) Anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow: a rare anatomical event: case report. Two patients with an anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow, identified during cubital tunnel release, are presented. Upon encountering an empty cubital tunnel, additional dissection found the ulnar nerve to course posterior to and to penetrate through the intermuscular septum 3 to 5 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle. It then ran anterior to the pronator-flexor mass before entering the forearm

2015 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

64. Examination of the Elbow: Current Concepts. (PubMed)

Examination of the Elbow: Current Concepts. The elbow's complex anatomy and synergism of bony and ligamentous stabilizers make physical examination challenging. Adequate elbow assessment is essential for accurate diagnosis and initiating proper treatment. Isolated elbow injuries are rare; fractures should be interpreted as proxies for associated, often unappreciated, soft tissue injuries. A careful elbow examination informs the need for and interpretation of radiological studies, including

2014 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

65. Physiotherapy in the Haemophilic Arthropathy of the Elbow.

of shoulder. 10 minutes. Local cryotherapy with ice bag and protection between it and the skin Experimental: Educational group The treatment had education and home daily exercises for the improvement of the range of motion, biceps strength, perimeter of arm and the perception of pain in patients with haemophilia and arthropathy of the elbow. Other: Educational group Theory: Introduction to hemophilia: clinic and treatment; Anatomy and biomechanics of elbow; Anatomy of elbow musculature. Function (...) Physiotherapy in the Haemophilic Arthropathy of the Elbow. Physiotherapy in the Haemophilic Arthropathy of the Elbow. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Physiotherapy in the Haemophilic

2014 Clinical Trials

66. Vascular anatomy relevant to distal biceps tendon repair. (PubMed)

Vascular anatomy relevant to distal biceps tendon repair. Avoiding bleeding and vascular complications in open repair of distal biceps tendon rupture requires knowledge of the local vascular anatomy. This study examined the vascular anatomy relevant to distal biceps tendon repair.The antecubital regions of 17 cadaveric upper extremities were dissected using ×2.5 loupe magnification to identify the brachial artery, the radial artery and its recurrent branches, and venous branches crossing (...) the distal biceps tendon. With the elbow in full extension and supination, the position of each vascular structure was measured relative to the most proximal aspect of the bicipital tuberosity.The most common pattern (13 of 17 specimens) was a single radial recurrent artery (RRA) crossing volar to the tendon at a mean of 4 mm proximal to the tuberosity and positioned 15.4 mm volar to the tuberosity. The RRA bifurcated 2 to 9 mm from its origin in 6 arms and demonstrated a single bifurcation. In 8 of 17

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

67. Computer algorithms for three-dimensional measurement of humeral anatomy: analysis of 140 paired humeri. (PubMed)

).The contralateral anatomy may serve as a reliable reconstruction template for humeral length, humeral head radius, and humeral head height if it is analyzed with 3D algorithms. In contrast, determining humeral head retrotorsion and humeral head inclination from the contralateral anatomy may be more prone to error.Copyright © 2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Computer algorithms for three-dimensional measurement of humeral anatomy: analysis of 140 paired humeri. In the presence of severe osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis, or proximal humeral fracture, the contralateral humerus may serve as a template for the 3-dimensional (3D) preoperative planning of reconstructive surgery. The purpose of this study was to develop algorithms for performing 3D measurements of the humeral anatomy and further to assess side-to-side (bilateral) differences in humeral head

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

68. Surgical anatomy of the lower trapezius tendon transfer. (PubMed)

Surgical anatomy of the lower trapezius tendon transfer. The precise surgical anatomy of the lower trapezius tendon transfer has not been well described. A precise anatomic description of the different trapezius segments and the associated neurovascular structures is crucial for operative planning and execution. We aimed (1) to establish a reliable demarcation between the middle and lower trapezius, (2) to establish the precise relationship of the main neurovascular pedicle to the muscle belly (...) without encountering the spinal accessory nerve (approximately 2 cm medial to the medial scapular border).Copyright © 2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

69. Floating Elbow (Follow-up)

, Basmajian J. Grant's Method of Anatomy: a Clinical Problem-Solving Approach. 11th ed. Baltimore, Md: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 1989:387-406. Hoppenfeld S, deBoer P, Buckley R. Surgical Exposures in Orthopaedics: The Anatomic Approach . 5th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 2016. Chaps 2 & 3. Bhuller GS, Hardy AE. Ipsilateral elbow and forearm injuries in children. Aust N Z J Surg . 1981 Feb. 51(1):65-8. . Harrington P, Sharif I, Fogarty EE, et al. Management of the floating elbow injury (...) Floating Elbow (Follow-up) Floating Elbow Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Nonoperative Therapy, Surgical Therapy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzMTEwMy10cmVhdG1lbnQ= processing

2014 eMedicine Surgery

70. Floating Elbow (Diagnosis)

Floating Elbow (Diagnosis) Floating Elbow: Background, Anatomy, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzMTEwMy1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Floating Elbow Updated: Jul 05, 2018 Author: William (...) . 29(6):886-8. . Grant JCB, Basmajian J. Grant's Method of Anatomy: a Clinical Problem-Solving Approach. 11th ed. Baltimore, Md: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 1989:387-406. Hoppenfeld S, deBoer P, Buckley R. Surgical Exposures in Orthopaedics: The Anatomic Approach . 5th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 2016. Chaps 2 & 3. Bhuller GS, Hardy AE. Ipsilateral elbow and forearm injuries in children. Aust N Z J Surg . 1981 Feb. 51(1):65-8. . Harrington P, Sharif I, Fogarty EE, et al. Management

2014 eMedicine Surgery

71. Elbow Dislocation (Diagnosis)

Elbow Dislocation (Diagnosis) Elbow Dislocation: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY3NTgtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing > Elbow Dislocation Updated: Sep 26 (...) , 2017 Author: Mark E Halstead, MD; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Elbow Dislocation Overview Background Elbow dislocation is the most common dislocation in children; in adults, it is the second most common dislocation after that of the shoulder. [ , , , , ] The elbow is amazingly stable, relying more on bony anatomy configuration for stability rather than ligaments. Considerable force is necessary to dislocate the elbow; sports activities account

2014 eMedicine.com

72. Elbow and Forearm Overuse Injuries (Diagnosis)

Elbow and Forearm Overuse Injuries (Diagnosis) Elbow and Forearm Overuse Injuries: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY2Mzgtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing (...) : Functional Anatomy The elbow is a complex joint that consists of 3 true joints that function as 1 joint. [ , ] The humeroulnar joint is a modified hinge joint and allows flexion and extension. The humeroradial joint functions not only as a hinge joint to allow flexion and extension, but also as a pivot joint that allows rotation of the radial head on the capitellum. The proximal radioulnar joint allows supination and pronation to occur. The combined motion of these joints allows a range of motion from 5

2014 eMedicine.com

73. Little League Elbow Syndrome (Diagnosis)

Little League Elbow Syndrome (Diagnosis) Little League Elbow Syndrome: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTcxMDEtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing > Little League (...) of little league elbow syndrome is important, because it leads to better outcomes and decreases the risk of persistent functional disabilities in the athletes. International No data are available for the annual incidence of little league elbow syndrome in the international community. Previous Next: Functional Anatomy Evaluation of the young adolescent elbow presents some anatomic challenges to the healthcare provider in that the elbow consists of numerous ossification centers and cartilaginous physes

2014 eMedicine.com

74. Medial Condylar Fracture of the Elbow (Diagnosis)

Medial Condylar Fracture of the Elbow (Diagnosis) Medial Condylar Fracture of the Elbow: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTE3ODAtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing (...) injuries in children. In children with , isolated medial condyle fractures are uncommon and account for approximately 1-2% of all distal humerus fractures. In children, medial condyle fractures occur at a peak age of 8-12 years. Fracture of the medial epicondyle of the elbow, as seen in the image below, is common and occurs in approximately 10% of . Most of these injuries occur in males aged 10-14 years. Medial epicondylar fracture Previous Next: Functional Anatomy The elbow joint is composed

2014 eMedicine.com

75. Little League Elbow Syndrome (Overview)

Little League Elbow Syndrome (Overview) Little League Elbow Syndrome: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTcxMDEtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing > Little League (...) of little league elbow syndrome is important, because it leads to better outcomes and decreases the risk of persistent functional disabilities in the athletes. International No data are available for the annual incidence of little league elbow syndrome in the international community. Previous Next: Functional Anatomy Evaluation of the young adolescent elbow presents some anatomic challenges to the healthcare provider in that the elbow consists of numerous ossification centers and cartilaginous physes

2014 eMedicine.com

76. Elbow and Forearm Overuse Injuries (Overview)

Elbow and Forearm Overuse Injuries (Overview) Elbow and Forearm Overuse Injuries: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY2Mzgtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing > Elbow (...) : Functional Anatomy The elbow is a complex joint that consists of 3 true joints that function as 1 joint. [ , ] The humeroulnar joint is a modified hinge joint and allows flexion and extension. The humeroradial joint functions not only as a hinge joint to allow flexion and extension, but also as a pivot joint that allows rotation of the radial head on the capitellum. The proximal radioulnar joint allows supination and pronation to occur. The combined motion of these joints allows a range of motion from 5

2014 eMedicine.com

77. Elbow Dislocation (Overview)

Elbow Dislocation (Overview) Elbow Dislocation: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY3NTgtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing > Elbow Dislocation Updated: Sep 26, 2017 (...) Author: Mark E Halstead, MD; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Elbow Dislocation Overview Background Elbow dislocation is the most common dislocation in children; in adults, it is the second most common dislocation after that of the shoulder. [ , , , , ] The elbow is amazingly stable, relying more on bony anatomy configuration for stability rather than ligaments. Considerable force is necessary to dislocate the elbow; sports activities account for up

2014 eMedicine.com

78. Medial Condylar Fracture of the Elbow (Overview)

Medial Condylar Fracture of the Elbow (Overview) Medial Condylar Fracture of the Elbow: Background, Epidemiology, Functional Anatomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTE3ODAtb3ZlcnZpZXc= processing (...) injuries in children. In children with , isolated medial condyle fractures are uncommon and account for approximately 1-2% of all distal humerus fractures. In children, medial condyle fractures occur at a peak age of 8-12 years. Fracture of the medial epicondyle of the elbow, as seen in the image below, is common and occurs in approximately 10% of . Most of these injuries occur in males aged 10-14 years. Medial epicondylar fracture Previous Next: Functional Anatomy The elbow joint is composed

2014 eMedicine.com

79. Little League Elbow Syndrome (Treatment)

Participation. Orthop Clin North Am . 2016 Oct. 47 (4):743-8. . Pytiak AV, Stearns P, Bastrom TP, Dwek J, Kruk P, Roocroft JH, et al. Are the Current Little League Pitching Guidelines Adequate? A Single-Season Prospective MRI Study. Orthop J Sports Med . 2017 May. 5 (5):2325967117704851. . Alcid JG, Ahmad CS, Lee TQ. Elbow anatomy and structural biomechanics. Clin Sports Med . 2004 Oct. 23(4):503-17, vii. . Ben Kibler W, Sciascia A. Kinetic chain contributions to elbow function and dysfunction in sports (...) Little League Elbow Syndrome (Treatment) Little League Elbow Syndrome Treatment & Management: Acute Phase, Recovery Phase, Maintenance Phase Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTcxMDEtdHJlYXRtZW50

2014 eMedicine.com

80. Little League Elbow Syndrome (Follow-up)

, Stearns P, Bastrom TP, Dwek J, Kruk P, Roocroft JH, et al. Are the Current Little League Pitching Guidelines Adequate? A Single-Season Prospective MRI Study. Orthop J Sports Med . 2017 May. 5 (5):2325967117704851. . Alcid JG, Ahmad CS, Lee TQ. Elbow anatomy and structural biomechanics. Clin Sports Med . 2004 Oct. 23(4):503-17, vii. . Ben Kibler W, Sciascia A. Kinetic chain contributions to elbow function and dysfunction in sports. Clin Sports Med . 2004 Oct. 23(4):545-52, viii. . Hutchinson MR, Wynn S (...) Little League Elbow Syndrome (Follow-up) Little League Elbow Syndrome Follow-up: Return to Play, Complications, Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTcxMDEtZm9sbG93dXA= processing > Little

2014 eMedicine.com

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