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Elbow Anatomy

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41. The natural course of nonoperatively treated rotator cuff tears: an 8.8-year follow-up of tear anatomy and clinical outcome in 49 patients. (Abstract)

The natural course of nonoperatively treated rotator cuff tears: an 8.8-year follow-up of tear anatomy and clinical outcome in 49 patients. The natural course of nonoperatively treated rotator cuff tears is not fully understood. We explored the long-term development of tear anatomy and assessed functional outcomes.Eighty-nine small to medium-sized full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff, all primarily treated by physiotherapy, were identified retrospectively. Twenty-three tears needed surgical (...) was found in the majority of patients, but it was often moderate. Large tear size increases and progression of muscle atrophy were correlated to a poorer functional outcome.Copyright © 2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

42. Relation of the Radial Nerve to the Anterior Capsule of the Elbow: Anatomy With Correlation to Arthroscopy. (Abstract)

Relation of the Radial Nerve to the Anterior Capsule of the Elbow: Anatomy With Correlation to Arthroscopy. To determine the location and proximity of the radial nerve to the anterior capsule and to delineate and describe the anatomy of the brachialis as it relates to the radial nerve and anterior capsule.Arthroscopy was performed on 24 cadavers using only a standard anteromedial portal. A Beath pin was placed laterally, entering the joint at the most lateral edge of the radiocapitellar joint

2012 Arthroscopy

43. Gross Anatomy of the Elbow Capsule: A Cadaveric Study. (Abstract)

Gross Anatomy of the Elbow Capsule: A Cadaveric Study. The elbow is an inherently stable joint because of its bony articulation and surrounding capsuloligamentous structures. Anatomic and biomechanical studies have focused on the medial and lateral collateral ligamentous contributions to stability. In 1918, Gray provided a qualitative description of the elbow capsule and its fibers. Our study was performed to detail the gross anatomy of the elbow capsule.We evaluated the elbow capsule of 6 (...) paired, fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens to detail gross capsular anatomy.We identified 3 distinct bands within the anterior capsule and 3 distinct bands within the posterior capsule.Further study is needed to delineate the functional meaning of these anatomic findings.Greater understanding of elbow capsule gross anatomy may lead to improved understanding of acute and chronic elbow pathoanatomy and treatment modalities.Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier

2012 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

44. Elbow radiographic anatomy: measurement techniques and normative data. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Elbow radiographic anatomy: measurement techniques and normative data. An increase in elbow pathology in adolescents has paralleled an increase in sports participation. Evaluation and classification of these injuries is challenging because of limited information regarding normal anatomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate normal radiographic anatomy in adolescents to establish parameters for diagnosing abnormal development. Established and new measurements were evaluated for reliability (...) and variance based on age and sex.Three orthopaedic surgeons independently, and in a standardized fashion, evaluated the normal anteroposterior and lateral elbow radiographs of 178 adolescent and young adult subjects. Fourteen measurements were performed including radial neck-shaft angle, articular surface angle, articular surface morphologic assessment (subjective and objective evaluation of the patterns of ridges and sulci), among others. We performed a statistical analysis by age and sex for each

2012 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

45. Elbow Ossification Centers

sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Elbow Ossification Centers." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Anatomy About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 (...) Elbow Ossification Centers Elbow Ossification Centers Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Elbow Ossification Centers Elbow

2018 FP Notebook

46. Forearm Anatomy

: Supinators and Pronators Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Forearm Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Forearm (C0016536) Definition (NCI) The structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist. Definition (NCI_CDISC) The structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist. (NCI) Concepts Body (...) Forearm Anatomy Forearm Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Forearm Anatomy Forearm Anatomy Aka: Forearm Anatomy

2018 FP Notebook

47. Hand Anatomy

Radial Nerve Motor Innervates extrinsic wrist and finger extensors Does not innervate any intrinsic muscles Sensation Dorsally for 3.5 fingers Cutaneous innervation image Test function and hand extension against resistance Conditions (elbow) (wrist) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Hand Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip (...) Hand Anatomy Hand Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Hand Anatomy Hand Anatomy Aka: Hand Anatomy , Radial Nerve

2018 FP Notebook

48. The Snapping Elbow Syndrome as a Reason for Chronic Elbow Neuralgia in a Tennis Player – MR, US and Sonoelastography Evaluation Full Text available with Trip Pro

-professional left handed tennis player was complaining about pain in posterior-medial elbow area. Initial US examination suggest golfers elbow syndrome which occurs quite commonly and has a prevalence of 0.3-0.6% in males and 0-3-1.1% in women and may be associated (approx. 50% of cases) with ulnar neuropathy. However subsequently made MRI revealed unusual distal triceps anatomy, moderate ulnar nerve swelling and lack of medial epicondylitis symptoms. Followed (second) US examination and sonoelastography (...) The Snapping Elbow Syndrome as a Reason for Chronic Elbow Neuralgia in a Tennis Player – MR, US and Sonoelastography Evaluation Ulnar neuropathy is the second most common peripheral nerve neuropathy after median neuropathy, with an incidence of 25 cases per 100 000 men and 19 cases per 100 000 women each year. Skipping (snapping) elbow syndrome is an uncommon cause of pain in the posterior-medial elbow area, sometimes complicated by injury of the ulnar nerve. One of the reason

2014 Polish Journal of Radiology

49. Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Diagnosis)

: Contraindications The only absolute contraindication to amputation is a situation where sparing a limb or part of a limb would leave the patient better able to function than an amputation would. Previous Next: Technical Considerations Anatomy The elbow joint is composed of the distal end of the humerus and the proximal ends of the radius and the ulna. The humerus contributes the humeral condyle, composed of the trochlea medially from anterior to posterior and the capitulum laterally on the anterior aspect (...) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Diagnosis) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations: Background, Indications, Contraindications Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzNzg4Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine Surgery

50. Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Overview)

: Contraindications The only absolute contraindication to amputation is a situation where sparing a limb or part of a limb would leave the patient better able to function than an amputation would. Previous Next: Technical Considerations Anatomy The elbow joint is composed of the distal end of the humerus and the proximal ends of the radius and the ulna. The humerus contributes the humeral condyle, composed of the trochlea medially from anterior to posterior and the capitulum laterally on the anterior aspect (...) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Overview) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations: Background, Indications, Contraindications Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzNzg4Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Elbow

2014 eMedicine Surgery

51. Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Treatment)

: Contraindications The only absolute contraindication to amputation is a situation where sparing a limb or part of a limb would leave the patient better able to function than an amputation would. Previous Next: Technical Considerations Anatomy The elbow joint is composed of the distal end of the humerus and the proximal ends of the radius and the ulna. The humerus contributes the humeral condyle, composed of the trochlea medially from anterior to posterior and the capitulum laterally on the anterior aspect (...) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Treatment) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations: Background, Indications, Contraindications Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzNzg4Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine Surgery

52. Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Follow-up)

: Contraindications The only absolute contraindication to amputation is a situation where sparing a limb or part of a limb would leave the patient better able to function than an amputation would. Previous Next: Technical Considerations Anatomy The elbow joint is composed of the distal end of the humerus and the proximal ends of the radius and the ulna. The humerus contributes the humeral condyle, composed of the trochlea medially from anterior to posterior and the capitulum laterally on the anterior aspect (...) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations (Follow-up) Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations: Background, Indications, Contraindications Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIzNzg4Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine Surgery

53. Inferior Cubital Artery Perforator Flap for Soft-Tissue Coverage of the Elbow: Anatomical Study and Clinical Application. (Abstract)

Inferior Cubital Artery Perforator Flap for Soft-Tissue Coverage of the Elbow: Anatomical Study and Clinical Application. Soft-tissue defects surrounding the elbow can be a challenging problem for the orthopaedic surgeon. Reliable reconstruction with use of muscular flaps or even perforator flaps derived from the surrounding vessels has been described. The inferior cubital artery (ICA) is an indirect septocutaneous perforator branch that most frequently arises from the lateral side (...) of the radial artery. The purposes of the present study were to characterize the capillary cutaneous perforators of the ICA and to evaluate the potential of a local perforator flap procedure for soft-tissue coverage of the elbow.Twenty fresh cadaveric forearms were dissected in order to describe the ICA anatomy, and in ten additional forearms the ICA was selectively injected with a red ink solution to detail the ICA vascular territory. For each artery, we recorded the site of origin, the diameter

2016 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

54. Innervation of the Elbow Joint: A Cadaveric Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the anterior capsule comes from the radial and musculocutaneous nerves with minimal contribution from the median nerve. The ulnar and radial nerves innervate the posteromedial and posterolateral capsule, respectively.Accurate understanding of peripheral nerve anatomy is essential for future elbow denervation studies.Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Innervation of the Elbow Joint: A Cadaveric Study. To describe elbow innervation patterns in 15 cadaveric extremities.Fifteen fresh-frozen cadaveric upper extremities were dissected under loupe magnification. The median, radial, musculocutaneous, and ulnar nerves were dissected at the elbow joint and explored both proximally and distally to find capsular branches and identifiable anatomical patterns.In 11 of specimens, the ulnar nerve innervated the articular surface of the elbow joint

2016 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

55. Distal biceps tendon history, updates, and controversies: from the closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons meeting-2015. (Abstract)

Distal biceps tendon history, updates, and controversies: from the closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons meeting-2015. Understanding of the distal biceps anatomy, mechanics, and biology during the last 75 years has greatly improved the physician's ability to advise and to treat patients with ruptured distal tendons. The goal of this paper is to review the past and current advances on complete distal biceps ruptures as well as controversies and future directions that were discussed (...) and debated during the closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons meeting in 2015. Copyright © 2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

56. The incidence of neurologic complications and associated risk factors in elbow surgery: an analysis of 2759 cases. (Abstract)

of all 2759 patients were retrospectively reviewed to determine the preoperative diagnosis, the type of procedure, and postoperative neurologic complications.Neurologic complications were very uncommon. Neurologic deficit occurred in 10 of 2759 elbow operations. A neurologic complication occurred 4 distal biceps tendon surgeries (5.3%), 4 elbow arthroscopies (0.4%), 2 ligament reconstructions (0.7%), and 2 total elbow prosthesis (1.4%).A thorough understanding of the 3-dimensional anatomy (...) The incidence of neurologic complications and associated risk factors in elbow surgery: an analysis of 2759 cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of neurologic complications after elbow surgery and to provide perioperative tips and potential pitfalls for neurologic complications and how to cope with them.A single orthopedic surgeon performed 2759 elbow-related surgical procedures between January 2006 and October 2014. The surgical records and the postoperative follow-up

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

57. Anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow: a rare anatomical event: case report. (Abstract)

between the ulnar and the humeral heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris. Although a rare anatomical anomaly, an anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve is potentially an underreported finding. In individuals with cubital tunnel syndrome, diagnosis and surgical treatment may be negatively affected if the surgeon fails to recognize the aberrant anatomy. Upper extremity surgeons should also be mindful of this rare anomaly when performing elbow arthroscopy or medial epicondyle release to prevent inadvertent injury (...) Anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow: a rare anatomical event: case report. Two patients with an anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow, identified during cubital tunnel release, are presented. Upon encountering an empty cubital tunnel, additional dissection found the ulnar nerve to course posterior to and to penetrate through the intermuscular septum 3 to 5 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle. It then ran anterior to the pronator-flexor mass before entering the forearm

2015 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

58. Vascular anatomy relevant to distal biceps tendon repair. (Abstract)

Vascular anatomy relevant to distal biceps tendon repair. Avoiding bleeding and vascular complications in open repair of distal biceps tendon rupture requires knowledge of the local vascular anatomy. This study examined the vascular anatomy relevant to distal biceps tendon repair.The antecubital regions of 17 cadaveric upper extremities were dissected using ×2.5 loupe magnification to identify the brachial artery, the radial artery and its recurrent branches, and venous branches crossing (...) the distal biceps tendon. With the elbow in full extension and supination, the position of each vascular structure was measured relative to the most proximal aspect of the bicipital tuberosity.The most common pattern (13 of 17 specimens) was a single radial recurrent artery (RRA) crossing volar to the tendon at a mean of 4 mm proximal to the tuberosity and positioned 15.4 mm volar to the tuberosity. The RRA bifurcated 2 to 9 mm from its origin in 6 arms and demonstrated a single bifurcation. In 8 of 17

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

59. Computer algorithms for three-dimensional measurement of humeral anatomy: analysis of 140 paired humeri. (Abstract)

).The contralateral anatomy may serve as a reliable reconstruction template for humeral length, humeral head radius, and humeral head height if it is analyzed with 3D algorithms. In contrast, determining humeral head retrotorsion and humeral head inclination from the contralateral anatomy may be more prone to error.Copyright © 2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Computer algorithms for three-dimensional measurement of humeral anatomy: analysis of 140 paired humeri. In the presence of severe osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis, or proximal humeral fracture, the contralateral humerus may serve as a template for the 3-dimensional (3D) preoperative planning of reconstructive surgery. The purpose of this study was to develop algorithms for performing 3D measurements of the humeral anatomy and further to assess side-to-side (bilateral) differences in humeral head

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

60. Surgical anatomy of the lower trapezius tendon transfer. (Abstract)

Surgical anatomy of the lower trapezius tendon transfer. The precise surgical anatomy of the lower trapezius tendon transfer has not been well described. A precise anatomic description of the different trapezius segments and the associated neurovascular structures is crucial for operative planning and execution. We aimed (1) to establish a reliable demarcation between the middle and lower trapezius, (2) to establish the precise relationship of the main neurovascular pedicle to the muscle belly (...) without encountering the spinal accessory nerve (approximately 2 cm medial to the medial scapular border).Copyright © 2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

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