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162. Identifying How Area-based Socio-economic Indicators are Measured in Canada

. Zandy M, Li, Zhang R, Kao D, Fahra R, Turcotte K. Area-based socioeconomic disparities in mortality due to unintentional injeury and youth suicide in British Columbia, 2009-2013. Policy and Practice 2019;39(2): 2009-13. 6. Allin S, Pichora E, Perumal N, Jin J, Catley C, Polsky J. Comparing individual and area-based income measures: Impact on analysis of inequality in smoking, obesity, and diabetes rates in Canadian 2003- 2013. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2018;109(3): 410-8. 7. Matheson F, Dunn (...) M, Partridge M. Low-income dynamics in Canadian communities: A place-based approach. Growth and Change 2009;2008(39): 2. 13. Webb S, Janus M, Duku E, Raos R, Brownell M, Forer B. Neighbourhood socioeconomic status indices and early childhood development. Population Health 2017;3: 48-56. 14. Hanley G, Morgan S. On the validity of area-based income measures to proxy household income. BMC Health Services Research 2008;8: 1-7. 15. Schuunerman N, Bell N, Dunn J, Oliver L. Deprivation indices

2019 McMaster Health Forum

163. Learning from the Experience of Accountable Care Organizations in the U.S.

that of accountable care organizations in the U.S., which were formally implemented as part of the changes to the U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, with the goals of linking payment for healthcare to quality outcomes, encouraging integrated health systems, reducing the cost of care and administration, and understanding and addressing health disparities. • Given these similarities between OHTs at maturity and ACOs in the U.S., we examined the design, evolution and effects of U.S. ACOs to identify (...) ; and • benchmarking the quality of care according to a set of key indicators.(3) As OHTs develop, they can build on what has gone well with ACOs and improve on what has gone less well. For example, ACOs’ effects on the quadruple aim can give insights into where OHTs may need to pay particular attention in order to achieve desired effectives. Given the learning potential, we sought to examine the design, development, evolution and effects of U.S. accountable care organizations. To do so, we have updated a rapid

2019 McMaster Health Forum

164. Empowering Caregivers to Deliver Home-based Restorative Care

) Two reviews focused on communications training provided to both health professionals and caregivers, finding mixed effects between the two reviews with one reporting improved knowledge and competency while the other found no significant post-training improvement on behavioural challenges, but some reduction in caregiving anxiety and depression.(28; 29) Finally, one study included in a recent medium-quality review examined the impact of calendars and note-taking among caregivers of those with mild (...) meaningful activities, and making environmental adaptations.(31) Another older medium-quality review found that modifications to physical and emotional factors or to lifestyle adaptations can be supported through the use of family-based education that includes the caregiver and care recipient.(32) Apart from the findings related to knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviours, a significant portion of the evidence found in the systematic reviews examined the effectiveness of different modes

2019 McMaster Health Forum

165. Exploring Models for Health Workforce Planning

or not enough needs? Refocusing health workforce planning from providers and services to populations and needs. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy 2013; 18(2): 107-113. 12. Guttmann A, Cohen E, Moore C. Outcomes-based health human resource planning for maternal, child and youth health care in Canada: A new horizon for the 21st century. Paediatric Child Health 2009; 14(5): 310-4. 13. Van Greuningen M, Batenburg RS, Van der Velden LF. Ten years of health workforce planning in the Netherlands (...) of policy reforms, new models of care, changes in labour markets). • This rapid synthesis examines the health workforce planning models in place across select Canadian provinces and comparator jurisdictions to determine what models, processes and characteristics are important to establishing successful predictive models. What we found • We identified three systematic reviews and nine primary studies that related to the questions and complemented these findings with insights from interviews with 11 key

2019 McMaster Health Forum

166. Extended Stay Centers: Patient characteristics and appropriate procedures

. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques, 26(6), 298-304. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e318246aea2 Voyles, C. R., & Boyd, K. B. (1999). Criteria and benchmarks for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a free- standing ambulatory center. JSLS, 3(4), 315-318. 26 ¦ Ambulatory Surgery Centers with Extended Stay Centers: Appropriate Procedures and Patient Characteristics Approved 5/16/2019 Watkins, B. M., Ahroni, J. H., Michaelson, R., Montgomery, K. F., Abrams, R. E., Erlitz, M. D., & Scurlock, J. E. (2008 (...) ., Lombardi, A. V., Jr., Berend, M. E., Adams, J. B., & Morris, M. J. (2018). The outpatient total hip arthroplasty: A paradigm change. Bone Joint Journal, 100-b(1 Supple A), 31-35. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.100b1.bjj-2017-0514.r1 Berend, M. E., Lackey, W. G., & Carter, J. L. (2018). Outpatient-focused joint arthroplasty is the future: The Midwest Center for Joint Replacement experience. Journal of Arthroplasty, 33(6), 1647- 1648. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2018.02.002 Billing, P., Billing, J., Kaufman, J., Stewart

2019 Oregon Health Evidence Review Commission

167. Sexualized drug use (chemsex and methamphetamine) and men who have sex with men

with men who use methamphetamine: A systematic review. Drug & Alcohol Dependence. 2019;194:410–29. Bryant J, Hopwood M, Dowsett GW, Aggleton P, Holt M, Lea T, et al. The rush to risk when interrogating the relationship between methamphetamine use and sexual practice among gay and bisexual men. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2018;55:242–8. Hopwood M, Cama E, Treloar C. Methamphetamine use among men who have sex with men in Australia: A literature review. 2016. Available from: Accessed April 23 (...) , 2019. Bourne A, Weatherburn P. Substance use among men who have sex with men: Patterns, motivations, impacts and intervention development need. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2017;93(5):342–6. Edmundson C, Heinsbroek E, Glass R, Hope V, Mohammed H, White M, et al. Sexualised drug use in the United Kingdom (UK): A review of the literature. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2018;55:131–48. Melendez-Torres GJ, Bourne A. Illicit drug use and its association with sexual risk behaviour among MSM

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

168. Digital platforms as effective health promotion tools

, PsycINFO, Scopus and ProQuest databases to identify studies that conducted user testing of digital platforms with parents (Q2) and evaluated the effectiveness of digital platforms targeting parents (Q3). We included studies if they were published in English, published from 2008 (Q2) or from 2013 (Q3) and conducted in Australia or other specified countries of interest. The quality of included studies was evaluated against the NHMRC evidence grade. Thirty studies met the criteria for inclusion (...) enabling personalisation and interactivity that were desired in user testing. However, evaluating the website in its current form to determine its effectiveness would inform whether additional improvements were required. There is a gap in the market for evidence-based apps to support parental lunch-box provision, which is worth examining as a potential opportunity. Conclusion The Evidence Check demonstrated that digital health promotion tools targeting parents can be effective for improving dietary

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

169. Using Multi-source Feedback and Other Practice Assessments for Quality Assurance in Nursing

the research evidence with 10 key informant interviews. • Relatively few findings emerged from the literature that explicitly described the effectiveness of multi- source feedback at improving professionals’ clinical practice, however it was found that effectiveness tended to vary based on the competencies being assessed. • Similarly, few studies were found that examined the use of multi-source feedback among nurses, however findings from its use for physicians indicate it is a valid, reliable and feasible (...) considerations for its use with a nursing workforce? We identified six systematic reviews and four primary studies that related to the first question. The six systematic reviews all examined the use of multi-source feedback among physicians, while the four primary studies examined its use for nurses and those training to become nurses. In addition, interviews with 10 key informants complemented Box 2: Identification, selection and synthesis of research evidence We identified research evidence (systematic

2019 McMaster Health Forum

170. Critical Assessment of Diabetes Guidelines

following bleeding after taking Xofluza, it is reasonable to consider that hemorrhage was an adverse reaction to the agent and was the Editorial C M ED HECK Translated from the Editorial in Med Check(in Japanese) May 09 ; 9 (5) cause of death. Denying the causality between Xofluza and death is a usual practice and deliberate decision by the MHLW. Xofluza was designated as an agent for "preferential treatment system in examination" at the trial stage, and the examination period was greatly shortened (...) with ribavirin In practice In patients with chronic hepatitis C or HCV compensated cirrhosis who failed previous treatment with existing DAAs, SOF/VEL combination taken for 24 weeks in combination with ribavirin is recommended for all types of HCVs. F u r t h e r m o r e , i n p a t i e n t s w i t h a d v a n c e d , decompensated cirrhosis, SOF/VEL combination taken for 12 weeks is recommended for all types of HCVs. In many patients with diabetes who are on hypoglycemic agents, as viral load decreases

2019 Med Check - The Informed Prescriber

171. New Direct-acting Antiviral for Hepatitis C (Epclusa?

following bleeding after taking Xofluza, it is reasonable to consider that hemorrhage was an adverse reaction to the agent and was the Editorial C M ED HECK Translated from the Editorial in Med Check(in Japanese) May 09 ; 9 (5) cause of death. Denying the causality between Xofluza and death is a usual practice and deliberate decision by the MHLW. Xofluza was designated as an agent for "preferential treatment system in examination" at the trial stage, and the examination period was greatly shortened (...) with ribavirin In practice In patients with chronic hepatitis C or HCV compensated cirrhosis who failed previous treatment with existing DAAs, SOF/VEL combination taken for 24 weeks in combination with ribavirin is recommended for all types of HCVs. F u r t h e r m o r e , i n p a t i e n t s w i t h a d v a n c e d , decompensated cirrhosis, SOF/VEL combination taken for 12 weeks is recommended for all types of HCVs. In many patients with diabetes who are on hypoglycemic agents, as viral load decreases

2019 Med Check - The Informed Prescriber

172. Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation for autoimmune diseases

the combined search results, 1990 articles were assessed by title and abstract for possible inclusion in the evidence summary. Of these, 1759 articles were rejected at the title level and the remaining (n=231) were assessed at the level of full text. Of these, 226 were excluded at full text resulting in six RCTs meeting inclusion criteria. See PRISMA diagram in Appendix 3. Two of the RCTs evaluated MS [8,9], three examined SSc [10-12], and one examined IBD (hereby referred to as Crohn’s disease [CD]/IBD (...) the efficacy and safety of aHCT in SSc searching the literatures from 1966 to January 2018. Four studies met inclusion criteria (3 RCTs [11,12,15] and 1 retrospective cohort study [16]). The comparison group was monthly cyclophosphamide (CYC) in all of the three RCTs. Table 1-1 reports the characteristics of the six included RCTs. Of the two studies examining MS, one study was a phase II [8] and the other was a phase III trial [9]. Both MS studies (MIST and ASTIMS) were multi-centred [8,9]. Mean age

2019 Cancer Care Ontario

173. Emergency Drought Relief Package: Health and Resilience Services

citations using a specific set of criteria. In total, we assessed 250 full-text articles for eligibility and we noted information from 144 studies, with 130 providing information on Question 1 (74 studies were original research — citations are provided in Appendix 2) and 23 providing some information on Question 2 (14 studies provided more detailed information for evaluation outcome purposes — see Appendix 3), and 5 studies provided information for NHRMC evidence grading). In addition, to answer (...) living in drought-affected communities? 10 DROUGHT, HEALTH AND RESILIENCE SERVICES | SAX INSTITUTE Methods Peer review literature This Evidence Check followed the standard Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses (PRISMA), namely: 1) identification of literature; 2) screening questions; and 3) eligibility using inclusion criteria. We conducted a search of the literature from January 1998 to December 2018 in electronic databases PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science and Google

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

174. Addressing unwarranted variation in healthcare

E, Mears S, Hinchcliff R, Heslop D. Addressing unwarranted variation in healthcare: an Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute (www.saxinstitute.org.au) for Cancer Institute NSW, 2019 Disclaimer: This Evidence Check Review was produced using the Evidence Check methodology in response to specific questions from the commissioning agency. It is not necessarily a comprehensive review of all literature relating to the topic area. It was current at the time of production (...) , synonyms and subject headings were developed for the major concepts of clinical variation, quality improvement and (facilitated) feedback. Two electronic databases (Medline and PubMed) were searched from January 2000 to August 2018, in addition to hand-searching of relevant journals, reference lists and grey literature. Results were merged using reference-management software (Covidence) and duplicates removed. The inclusion criteria were independently applied to potentially relevant articles by three

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

175. Care of Women Presenting with Suspected Preterm Prelabour Rupture of Membranes from 24+0 Weeks of Gestation

rupture of membranes . Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014 ;: CD007062 . 30 Nijman, TAJ , van Vliet, EOG , Naaktgeboren, CA , Oude, RK , de, LT , Bax, CJ , et al. Nifedipine versus placebo in the treatment of preterm prelabor rupture of membranes: a randomised controlled trial. Assessment of perinatal outcome by use of tocolysis in early labor – APOSTEL IV trial . Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Med 2016 ; 205 : 79 – 84 . 31 Lorthe, E , Goffinet, F , Marret, S , Vayssiere, C , Flamant, C , Quere, M , et al (...) : 669 – 75 . 47 Medley, N , Vogel, JP , Care, A , Alfirevic, Z . Interventions during pregnancy to prevent preterm birth: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews . Cochrane Database of Syst Revs 2018 ; CD012505 . This guideline was produced on behalf of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists by: Dr AJ Thomson MRCOG, Paisley. and peer reviewed by: Professor AL David FRCOG, University College London, London; E Lorthe, RM, PhD, Paris; M Griffiths, Bedfordshire; MA Oudijk, Amsterdam

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2019 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

176. Is Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Effective for the Diagnosis of Urolithiasis?

Is Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Effective for the Diagnosis of Urolithiasis? Is Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Effective for the Diagnosis of Urolithiasis? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page Access provided by Volume 73, Issue 5, Pages 517–519 Is Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Effective for the Diagnosis of Urolithiasis? x Michael Gottlieb , MD (EBEM Commentator) , x E. David Hill , MD (EBEM Commentator) , x (...) , Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed on April 15, 2016, for literature evaluating adult emergency department (ED) patients with urolithiasis or renal colic symptoms, using a combination of key words and Medical Subject Headings terms. Bibliographies of included studies, narrative reviews, and conference abstracts were also manually examined. Study Selection Studies were considered eligible if they included patients older than 18 years and presenting to an ED with signs or symptoms suggestive

2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

177. Systematic Review - Comparative Effectiveness of Multifocal, Accommodative, and Monofocal Intraocular Lenses for Cataract Surgery and Lens Replacement

JL, Simonov A, Plaza-Puche AB, et al. Visual Outcomes and Accommodative Response of the Lumina Accommodative Intraocular Lens. American journal of ophthalmology. 2016;164:37-48. 3. Allen ED, Burton RL, Webber SK, et al. Comparison of a diffractive bifocal and a monofocal intraocular lens. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. 1996;22(4):446- 451. 4. Bournas P, Drazinos S, Kanellas D, Arvanitis M, Vaikoussis E. Dysphotopsia after cataract surgery: comparison of four different intraocular (...) lenses. Ophthalmologica Journal international d'ophtalmologie International journal of ophthalmology Zeitschrift fur Augenheilkunde. 2007;221(6):378-383. 5. Cleary G, Spalton DJ, Gala KB. A randomized intraindividual comparison of the accommodative performance of the bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens in presbyopic eyes. American journal of ophthalmology. 2010;150(5):619-627.e611. 6. el-Maghraby A, Marzouky A, Gazayerli E, Van der Karr M, DeLuca M. Multifocal versus monofocal intraocular lenses. Visual

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

178. Evidence Map - Art Therapy

K, Erdogan C, Mutlu H, Demir M, Coskun S. A comparative study of art therapy in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and improvement in quality of life by watercolor painting. Complementary therapies in medicine. 2017;30(1873-6963 (Electronic)):67-72. 13. Lefevre C, Ledoux M, Filbet M. Art therapy among palliative cancer patients: Aesthetic dimensions and impacts on symptoms. Palliative & supportive care. 2016;14(1478-9523 (Electronic)):376-380. 14. Rhondali W, Lasserre E, Filbet M. Art (...) , Wirth JH, Lai J, Shott S. Relieving symptoms in cancer: innovative use of art therapy. Journal of pain and symptom management. 2006;31(0885- 3924 (Print)):162-169. 20. Geue K, Richter R, Buttstadt M, Brahler E, Singer S. An art therapy intervention for cancer patients in the ambulant aftercare - results from a non-randomised controlled study. European journal of cancer care. 2013;22(1365-2354 (Electronic)):345-352. 21. Singer S, Gotze H, Buttstadt M, et al. A non-randomised trial of an art therapy

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

179. Improving outdoor air quality and health: review of interventions

of it strong, for interventions in each of the 5 areas which can reduce emissions of harmful pollutants. Few existing studies directly examine the effects of these interventions on environmental concentrations or the resulting health outcomes. The health benefits of interventions must therefore be inferred from the reductions in emissions. Whilst this is not perfect, it is reasonable to do so, given the strength of evidence supporting the links between individual pollutants and their health impacts (...) . Studies examining the cost-benefits of interventions are unfortunately very limited. At this stage we are, therefore, unable to stratify by cost and health benefits as the original commission envisaged. Nevertheless, despite the need for more work to understand the detailed health impact of interventions and their cost-benefits, there is Review of interventions to improve outdoor air quality and public health 9 sufficient evidence to recommend action. We know that air pollution has a substantial

2019 Public Health England

180. Preparing Emerging Leaders for Alternative Futures in Health Systems Across Canada

) identifying the personal and professional competencies needed; and 2) identifying mechanisms to bridge existing leadership with emerging leaders and leadership styles. o Ten systematic reviews relevant to the first sub-element identified a wide range of competencies required by leaders at each of the system, organizational and unit or department level. While we were unable to find systematic reviews that directly addressed the second sub-element, we found four systematic reviews examining different (...) reviews were identified to inform the third element, and the reviews examined complementary system-level efforts to enable leadership development, including providing research and mentorship opportunities, and ensuring succession planning to replace existing leaders. What implementation considerations need to be kept in mind? • While potential barriers exist at the levels of providers, organizations and systems (if not patients/citizens, who are unlikely to be aware of or particularly interested

2019 McMaster Health Forum

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