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11021. A systematic qualitative analysis of psychoeducational interventions for depression in patients with cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

A systematic qualitative analysis of psychoeducational interventions for depression in patients with cancer A systematic qualitative analysis of psychoeducational interventions for depression in patients with cancer A systematic qualitative analysis of psychoeducational interventions for depression in patients with cancer Barsevick A M, Sweeney C, Haney E, Chung E Authors' objectives The authors set out to determine whether research-based recommendations could be made about the clinical (...) ; and comparators that control for time and attention from health care providers. Funding Ortho Biotech Products, L.P. Bibliographic details Barsevick A M, Sweeney C, Haney E, Chung E. A systematic qualitative analysis of psychoeducational interventions for depression in patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum 2002; 29(1): 73-84 PubMedID DOI Other publications of related interest 1. Ropka ME, Spencer-Cisek P. PRISM: Priority Symptom Management project phase I: assessment. Oncol Nurs Forum 2001;28:1585-94

2002 DARE.

11022. A meta-analysis of fall prevention programs for the elderly: how effective are they?

A meta-analysis of fall prevention programs for the elderly: how effective are they? A meta-analysis of fall prevention programs for the elderly: how effective are they? A meta-analysis of fall prevention programs for the elderly: how effective are they? Hill-Westmoreland E E, Soeken K, Spellbring A M Authors' objectives To assess the effects of fall prevention programmes on the proportion of falls in the elderly. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966 to 1999) and CINAHL (from 1982 to 1999) were (...) are needed to enhance the effectiveness of fall prevention programmes. Consistently including the rate difference of falls as an outcome measure will permit additional meta-analyses to be conducted and promote the development of knowledge in this area. Bibliographic details Hill-Westmoreland E E, Soeken K, Spellbring A M. A meta-analysis of fall prevention programs for the elderly: how effective are they? Nursing Research 2002; 51(1): 1-8 PubMedID Other publications of related interest 1. Sackett DL

2002 DARE.

11023. Intrauterine insemination: a systematic review on determinants of success

Intrauterine insemination: a systematic review on determinants of success Intrauterine insemination: a systematic review on determinants of success Intrauterine insemination: a systematic review on determinants of success Duran H E, Morshedi M, Kruger T, Oehninger S Authors' objectives To assess methods used in intra-uterine insemination (IUI), focusing on the following: the success rate of IUI compared with timed intercourse (TI) or with intracervical insemination (ICI); the success rate (...) . Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review The inclusion criteria were not explicitly defined in terms of the study design. The included studies were parallel-group and crossover randomised controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses and retrospective analyses. Studies of any design that examined factors influencing IUI success, or risk factors for multiple pregnancy, were included. Only RCTs were included for the comparisons of IUI with TI and ICI, natural cycle versus COH IUI

2002 DARE.

11024. No pain, no gain: clinical excellence and scientific rigour: lessons learned from IA morphine

No pain, no gain: clinical excellence and scientific rigour: lessons learned from IA morphine No pain, no gain: clinical excellence and scientific rigour: lessons learned from IA morphine No pain, no gain: clinical excellence and scientific rigour: lessons learned from IA morphine Kalso E, Smith L, McQuay HJ, Moore RA Authors' objectives To include all evaluable studies on intra-articular morphine, to set simple criteria for study sensitivity, to analyse factors that can render studies (...) trials: is blinding necessary? Control Clin Trials 1996;17:1-12. 2. Smith LA, Oldman AD, McQuay HJ, Moore RA. Teasing apart quality and validity in systematic reviews: an example from acupuncture trials in chronic neck and back pain. Pain 2000;86:119-32. 3. Kalso E. Peripheral opioids: a systematic review of intra-articular morphine. In: Tramer M, editor. Evidence-based resource in anaesthesia and analgesia. London: BMJ Books; 2000. p. 137-55. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH

2002 DARE.

11025. A meta-analysis on the efficacy of preoperative biliary drainage for tumors causing obstructive jaundice

A meta-analysis on the efficacy of preoperative biliary drainage for tumors causing obstructive jaundice A meta-analysis on the efficacy of preoperative biliary drainage for tumors causing obstructive jaundice A meta-analysis on the efficacy of preoperative biliary drainage for tumors causing obstructive jaundice Sewnath M E, Karsten T M, Prins M H, Rauws E J, Obertop H, Gouma D J Authors' objectives To compare pre-operative biliary drainage (PBD) with no pre-operative draining in patients (...) -designed RCTs are required to identify any subgroups of patients who may benefit from PBD. The authors also state that a cost-benefit analysis should be part of any future trials. Bibliographic details Sewnath M E, Karsten T M, Prins M H, Rauws E J, Obertop H, Gouma D J. A meta-analysis on the efficacy of preoperative biliary drainage for tumors causing obstructive jaundice. Annals of Surgery 2002; 236(1): 17-27 PubMedID Other publications of related interest Nicolucci A, Grilli R, Alexanian AA

2002 DARE.

11026. A meta-analysis of the effect of HIV prevention interventions on the sex behaviors of drug users in the United States

are required to examine the characteristics of effective interventions. The authors also highlight the need for additional research in relation to injection drug users who also use crack. Consensus is also required on the most appropriate sexual risk outcome measure to use. Finally, more complete reporting of data in publications is needed. Bibliographic details Semaan S, Des Jarlais D C, Sogolow E, Johnson W D, Hedges L V, Ramirez G, Flores S A, Norman L, Sweat M D, Needle R. A meta-analysis of the effect (...) A meta-analysis of the effect of HIV prevention interventions on the sex behaviors of drug users in the United States A meta-analysis of the effect of HIV prevention interventions on the sex behaviors of drug users in the United States A meta-analysis of the effect of HIV prevention interventions on the sex behaviors of drug users in the United States Semaan S, Des Jarlais D C, Sogolow E, Johnson W D, Hedges L V, Ramirez G, Flores S A, Norman L, Sweat M D, Needle R Authors' objectives

2002 DARE.

11027. Frequency and risk factors of subclinical cardiotoxicity after anthracycline therapy in children: a systematic review

Frequency and risk factors of subclinical cardiotoxicity after anthracycline therapy in children: a systematic review Frequency and risk factors of subclinical cardiotoxicity after anthracycline therapy in children: a systematic review Frequency and risk factors of subclinical cardiotoxicity after anthracycline therapy in children: a systematic review Kremer L C, van der Pal H J, Offringa M, van Dalen E C, Voute P A Authors' objectives To determine the frequency and risk factors of subclinical (...) diastolic and systolic diameter, and left ventricular mass. The included studies defined the outcome as abnormal compared with normal values from the literature or their own control groups. How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made? Two reviewers initially assessed relevance based on title and abstract (inter-observer agreement was 98%). Two reviewers then screened all retrieved articles with respect to the inclusion criteria. Any disagreements were resolved by re-examining

2002 DARE.

11028. Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis

Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis Althuis M D, Jordan N E, Ludington E A, Wittes J T Authors' objectives To evaluate the effect of dietary chromium supplements on glucose and insulin response in healthy people and in people with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. Searching The Cochrane (...) studies should assess the safety of chromium, especially at high doses. Bibliographic details Althuis M D, Jordan N E, Ludington E A, Wittes J T. Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002; 76(1): 148-155 PubMedID Original Paper URL Other publications of related interest This additional published commentary may also be of interest. Pittler MH. Inconclusive data for the effects of chromium on glucose and insulin

2002 DARE.

11029. Long-term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left-ventricular dysfunction: a systematic overview of data from individual patients

ventricular dysfunction or heart failure with or without a recent myocardial infarct. Also, that they should be routinely used long-term in all eligible high-risk patients. Research: The authors did not state any implications for further research. Funding Medical Research Council of Canada. Bibliographic details Flather M D, Yusuf S, Kober L, Pfeffer M, Hall A, Murray G, Torp-Pedersen C, Ball S, Pogue J, Moye L, Braunwald E. Long-term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left (...) Long-term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left-ventricular dysfunction: a systematic overview of data from individual patients Long-term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left-ventricular dysfunction: a systematic overview of data from individual patients Long-term ACE-inhibitor therapy in patients with heart failure or left-ventricular dysfunction: a systematic overview of data from individual patients Flather M D, Yusuf S, Kober L, Pfeffer M, Hall

2000 DARE.

11030. Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit

Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit Johnston G, Crombie I K, Davies H T, Alder E M, Millard A Authors' objectives To review the literature on the benefits and disadvantages of clinical and medical audit, and to assess the main facilitators and barriers to conducting the audit process. Searching (...) . Bibliographic details Johnston G, Crombie I K, Davies H T, Alder E M, Millard A. Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit. Quality in Health Care 2000; 9(1): 23-36 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Attitude of Health Personnel; Databases, Bibliographic; Evaluation Studies as Topic; Family Practice; Great Britain; Hospitals, General; Interprofessional Relations; Job Satisfaction; Leadership; MEDLINE; Medical Audit /standards; Medical Records

2000 DARE.

11031. A systematic literature review of spiral and electron beam computed tomography: with particular reference to clinical applications in hepatic lesions, pulmonary embolus and coronary artery disease

to clinical applications in hepatic lesions, pulmonary embolus and coronary artery disease Berry E, Kelly S, Hutton J, Harris K M, Roderick P, Boyce J C, Cullingworth J, Gathercole L, O'Connor P J, Smith M A Authors' objectives To determine the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and diagnostic performance of computed tomography (CT). Diagnostic performance was addressed with particular reference to hepatic lesions, pulmonary embolism (PE) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Searching MEDLINE, BIDS-ISI (...) compared with similar examinations performed with conventional CT. CRD commentary This was a wide ranging review that attempted to assess the effectiveness of a new technology in general, rather than in relation to specific conditions. The inclusion criteria were, therefore, appropriately broad and a number of clear research questions were defined. The search strategy was comprehensive and included attempts to identify unpublished studies. The description of the review process was sparse, so

1999 DARE.

11032. Early childhood: colic, child development, and poisoning prevention: a systematic review of treatments for infant colic

performed the selection. Assessment of study quality The quality of the included trials was assessed by examining the adequacy of case definitions, randomisation, and double-blinding methods. A trial was considered to be adequately double-blinded if it was conducted in such a way, that there was no reason to assume that those responsible for outcome measurements would be able to distinguish between the active and placebo measurements. 'Adequate case definition' was defined as the use of Wessel criteria (...) criteria for colic. No significant differences were seen in the average numbers of night awakenings, and no adverse events were reported in either the treatment or placebo groups. One trial of sucrose found a significantly higher number of parent-reported responses in the treatment group than in the placebo group. However, it appeared that in the majority of cases the response lasted for less than 30 minutes. A second trial, which examined infants both with and without colic, found that whilst both

2000 DARE.

11033. Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors

Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors Ketola E, Sipila R, Makela M Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors, morbidity and mortality among (...) prevention) and smoking intervention on morbidity and mortality'. A promising area for future research was identified as exercise. In addition, 'standards for outcome measurement in CVD prevention studies would greatly assist evaluations of effectiveness...together with transparent reporting'. Funding FinOHTA. Bibliographic details Ketola E, Sipila R, Makela M. Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors. Annals of Medicine 2000; 32(4): 239-251

2000 DARE.

11034. A meta-analysis of short versus long therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin and either metronidazole or amoxycillin for treating Helicobacter pylori infection

Helicobacter pylori infection Calvet X, Garcia N, Lopez T, Gisbert J P, Gene E, Roque M Authors' objectives To evaluate whether increasing the length of triple therapies beyond seven days improves efficacy in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. Searching The authors searched MEDLINE from 1990 to March 1999 using the following strategy: 'Helicobacter pylori' (all fields), and each of the following terms: '7', 'seven', 'week', 'weeks', '10', 'ten', '12', 'twelve', '14', 'fourteen (...) by genetic differences in H. pylori, which might affect a population's susceptibility, also need to be considered. Bibliographic details Calvet X, Garcia N, Lopez T, Gisbert J P, Gene E, Roque M. A meta-analysis of short versus long therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin and either metronidazole or amoxycillin for treating Helicobacter pylori infection. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2000; 14(5): 603-609 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Amoxicillin

2000 DARE.

11035. Antidepressant therapy for unexplained symptoms and symptom syndromes

samples to allow for control of possible confounders; use parallel design studies to avoid the issue of possible carryover effect; examine for depression using standardised measures, and track depressive as well as physical symptom effects; be of longer duration; test newer antidepressant classes, especially SSRIs, in order to determine whether all classes are equally effective; adhere to methodological criteria of high-quality studies; and be located in community-based settings. Funding MacArthur (...) Antidepressant therapy for unexplained symptoms and symptom syndromes Antidepressant therapy for unexplained symptoms and symptom syndromes Antidepressant therapy for unexplained symptoms and symptom syndromes O'Malley P G, Jackson J L, Santoro J, Tomkins G, Balden E, Kroenke K Authors' objectives To determine the efficacy of antidepressant therapy for unexplained symptoms or symptom syndromes. Searching MEDLINE from 1966 to December 1998, PsycLIT from 1974 to December 1998, and EMBASE from

1999 DARE.

11036. Clinical practice guidelines: prevention of cytomegalovirus disease after renal transplantation

Clinical practice guidelines: prevention of cytomegalovirus disease after renal transplantation Clinical practice guidelines: prevention of cytomegalovirus disease after renal transplantation Clinical practice guidelines: prevention of cytomegalovirus disease after renal transplantation Jassal S V, Roscoe J M, Zaltzman J S, Mazzulli T, Krajden M, Gadawski M, Cattran D C, Cardella C J, Albert S E, Cole E H Authors' objectives To develop a set of comprehensive, standardised evidence-based (...) required (grade D/E recommendation). 5. Seropositive recipient; donor seropositive or seronegative; conventional immunosuppression. Prophylaxis left to discrimination of physician in charge (grade C recommendation). Research: The authors state that further research is required into the treatment of CMV after renal transplantation. Clarification is required of definitions used and diagnostic criteria. Unresolved issues include the optimal duration of prophylactic therapy and the use of combination

1998 DARE.

11037. The timing of tracheotomy: a systematic review

The timing of tracheotomy: a systematic review The timing of tracheotomy: a systematic review The timing of tracheotomy: a systematic review Maziak D E, Meade M O, Todd T R Authors' objectives To examine the impact of the timing of tracheotomy on the duration of mechanical ventilation, the secondary changes to the trachea, and the clinical course of critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Searching MEDLINE (1966 to December 1996) was searched electronically using the MeSH (...) is required to examine the need for and the timing of tracheotomy in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. The findings of such a study would have to have significant impact on clinical practice and hospital costs. Until that time, physicians can approach the problem only on an individual, case-by-case basis and with anecdotal information'. Bibliographic details Maziak D E, Meade M O, Todd T R. The timing of tracheotomy: a systematic review. Chest 1998; 114(2): 605-609 PubMedID Original

1998 DARE.

11038. Evaluation of the safety and tolerability of Neoral and Sandimmune: a meta-analysis

Evaluation of the safety and tolerability of Neoral and Sandimmune: a meta-analysis Evaluation of the safety and tolerability of Neoral and Sandimmune: a meta-analysis Evaluation of the safety and tolerability of Neoral and Sandimmune: a meta-analysis Shah M B, Martin J E, Schroeder T J, First M R Authors' objectives To compare the safety and tolerability of Neoral and Sandimmune. Searching A computer search was performed, no further details are given. Study selection Study designs (...) of the review for practice and research The authors did not state any implications for further research and practice. Bibliographic details Shah M B, Martin J E, Schroeder T J, First M R. Evaluation of the safety and tolerability of Neoral and Sandimmune: a meta-analysis. Transplantation Proceedings 1998; 30(5): 1697-1700 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Administration, Oral; Adult; Child; Cyclosporine /adverse effects /therapeutic use; Graft Rejection /immunology /prevention

1998 DARE.

11039. Aerosolized ribavirin in the treatment of respiratory syncytial viral infection in children: a meta-analysis

A, Wang E E. Aerosolized ribavirin in the treatment of respiratory syncytial viral infection in children: a meta-analysis. Annals of Saudi Medicine 1997; 17(5): 527-532 PubMedID Original Paper URL Other publications of related interest 1. Dickersin K, Berlin JA. Meta-analysis: state-of-the-science. Epidemiol Rev 1992;14:154-76. 2.Chalmers I. Hetherington J, Elbourne D, Keirse MJ, Enkin M. Materials and methods used in synthesizing evidence to evaluate the effects of care during pregnancy and child (...) Aerosolized ribavirin in the treatment of respiratory syncytial viral infection in children: a meta-analysis Aerosolized ribavirin in the treatment of respiratory syncytial viral infection in children: a meta-analysis Aerosolized ribavirin in the treatment of respiratory syncytial viral infection in children: a meta-analysis Al Jumaah S A, Wang E E Authors' objectives The efficacy of aerosolised ribavirin in the treatment of respiratory syncytial viral (RSV) infection in children. Searching

1997 DARE.

11040. Update on reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy in essential hypertension (a meta-analysis of all randomized double-blind studies until December 1996)

Update on reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy in essential hypertension (a meta-analysis of all randomized double-blind studies until December 1996) Update on reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy in essential hypertension (a meta-analysis of all randomized double-blind studies until December 1996) Update on reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy in essential hypertension (a meta-analysis of all randomized double-blind studies until December 1996) Schmieder R E, Schlaich M P (...) on the relevance of primary studies made? Two investigators independently examined the identified studies, and evaluated each study for the fulfilment of all predetermined inclusion criteria using a checklist. On the basis of criticisms of the first meta-analysis, two previously accepted studies were excluded. These comments were made by Fagard (see Other Publications of Related Interest), who considered one study to have an inappropriate design and the other to have the treatment effect confounded by exercise

1998 DARE.

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