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11021. Preventing perineal trauma during childbirth: a systematic review

Preventing perineal trauma during childbirth: a systematic review Preventing perineal trauma during childbirth: a systematic review Preventing perineal trauma during childbirth: a systematic review Eason E, Labrecque M, Wells G, Feldman P Authors' objectives To conduct a systematic review of the techniques proposed to prevent perineal trauma during childbirth, and to summarise quantitatively the evidence from randomised trials for the efficacy of these techniques. Searching MEDLINE was searched (...) head during delivery, and techniques aimed at slowing delivery to allow time for perineal stretching. Bibliographic details Eason E, Labrecque M, Wells G, Feldman P. Preventing perineal trauma during childbirth: a systematic review. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000; 95(3): 464-471 PubMedID Other publications of related interest 1. Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carroll D, Jenkinson C, Reynolds DJ, Gavaghan DJ, et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary? Control

2000 DARE.

11022. Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors

Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors Ketola E, Sipila R, Makela M Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors, morbidity and mortality among (...) prevention) and smoking intervention on morbidity and mortality'. A promising area for future research was identified as exercise. In addition, 'standards for outcome measurement in CVD prevention studies would greatly assist evaluations of effectiveness...together with transparent reporting'. Funding FinOHTA. Bibliographic details Ketola E, Sipila R, Makela M. Effectiveness of individual lifestyle interventions in reducing cardiovascular disease and risk factors. Annals of Medicine 2000; 32(4): 239-251

2000 DARE.

11023. Outcome, attrition, and family-couples treatment for drug abuse: a meta-analysis and review of the controlled, comparative studies

studies, was revised to incorporate several design variables of particular relevance for researchers examining treatment outcomes with people who abuse substance. The resulting quality rating scale took into account such criteria as: whether major independent variables are contaminated; whether the comparison treatments are equivalent in terms of their length and the extent to which they are valued; whether the researcher is also the therapist within the study; whether the length of follow-up (...) Outcome, attrition, and family-couples treatment for drug abuse: a meta-analysis and review of the controlled, comparative studies Outcome, attrition, and family-couples treatment for drug abuse: a meta-analysis and review of the controlled, comparative studies Outcome, attrition, and family-couples treatment for drug abuse: a meta-analysis and review of the controlled, comparative studies Stanton M D, Shadish W R Authors' objectives To synthesise drug abuse outcome studies that include family

1997 DARE.

11024. Effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis used with supratentorial craniotomies: a meta-analysis

Effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis used with supratentorial craniotomies: a meta-analysis Effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis used with supratentorial craniotomies: a meta-analysis Effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis used with supratentorial craniotomies: a meta-analysis Kuijlen J M, Teernstra O P, Kessels A G, Herpers M J, Beuls E A Authors' objectives To examine the effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis with supratentorial craniotomies. Searching MEDLINE (Jan 1980 (...) plasma-levels at the time of operation'. The authors also suggest that the size of study populations should be increased and the use of modern AEDs, which possibly have fewer side effects and shorter loading up periods, should be investigated. Bibliographic details Kuijlen J M, Teernstra O P, Kessels A G, Herpers M J, Beuls E A. Effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis used with supratentorial craniotomies: a meta-analysis. Seizure 1996; 5(4): 291-298 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing

1996 DARE.

11025. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of elderly depressed patients: a qualitative analysis of the literature on their efficacy and side-effects

and side-effects Menting J E, Honig A, Verhey F R, Hartmans M, Rozendaal N, de Vet H C, van Praag H M Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy and side-effects of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of elderly people with depression. Searching MEDLINE was searched from January 1980 until December 1994 using the keywords 'fluvoxamine', 'paroxetine', 'fluoxetine' and 'sertraline' combined with 'aged', 'elderly' or 'geriatric'. The citations in all of the identified papers (...) and those with somatic comorbidity are urgently needed. Bibliographic details Menting J E, Honig A, Verhey F R, Hartmans M, Rozendaal N, de Vet H C, van Praag H M. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of elderly depressed patients: a qualitative analysis of the literature on their efficacy and side-effects. International Clinical Psychopharmacology 1996; 11(3): 165-175 PubMedID Other publications of related interest Kleinbaum DG, Kupper LL, Morgenstern H. Epidemiologic

1996 DARE.

11026. D-dimer testing and acute venous thromboembolism: a shortcut to accurate diagnosis?

D-dimer testing and acute venous thromboembolism: a shortcut to accurate diagnosis? D-dimer testing and acute venous thromboembolism: a shortcut to accurate diagnosis? D-dimer testing and acute venous thromboembolism: a shortcut to accurate diagnosis? Becker D M, Philbrick J T, Bachhuber T L, Humphries J E Authors' objectives To review the evidence of how and when D-dimer testing should be used in the diagnostic evaluation of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Searching (...) MEDLINE and Current Contents were searched from January 1985 to February 1995 for English language articles, and pertinent references from retrieved articles were examined. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review No inclusion criteria relating to study design were specified. Specific interventions included in the review Studies of D-dimer tests for the diagnosis of DVT or PE were eligible for inclusion. No details relating to the assay method or cut-off point were specified

1996 DARE.

11027. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview

Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview Assendelft W J, Hay E M, Adshead R, Bouter L M Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1994 and EMBASE from 1980 to 1994 using the subject headings (...) and chronicity of complaints. The authors' conclusions are, therefore, conservative but appropriate given the variation between the primary studies. Bibliographic details Assendelft W J, Hay E M, Adshead R, Bouter L M. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview. British Journal of General Practice 1996; 46: 209-216 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adrenal Cortex Hormones /adverse effects /therapeutic use; Humans; Injections, Intra-Articular

1996 DARE.

11028. Treatment options for localized prostate cancer based on pretreatment serum prostate specific antigen levels

Treatment options for localized prostate cancer based on pretreatment serum prostate specific antigen levels Treatment options for localized prostate cancer based on pretreatment serum prostate specific antigen levels Treatment options for localized prostate cancer based on pretreatment serum prostate specific antigen levels Vicini F A, Horwitz E M, Gonzalez J, Martinez A A Authors' objectives To review the currently available literature on early-stage prostate cancer treatment in which pre (...) narratively. Results of the review There were 3 studies of patients undergoing surgery, 8 studies of conventional radiotherapy, 2 studies of 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, and 5 studies of brachytherapy. No studies examining the outcome from either neutron therapy or adjuvant hormonal manipulation, and which met the inclusion criteria for the review, were identified. The results for all therapies were extremely variable. The 3- to 5-year rates of biochemical control ranged from 48 to 100

1997 DARE.

11029. Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain

Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain van der Weide W E, Verbeek J H, van Tulder M W Authors' objectives To determine the level of evidence available regarding the efficacy of interventions for low-back pain using vocational outcome parameters. Searching TheMEDLINE (1966 to December 1995), CLINPSYCH (1980 to December 1995) and NIOSHTIC (1966 to December 1995). The search (...) '. Bibliographic details van der Weide W E, Verbeek J H, van Tulder M W. Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 1997; 23(3): 165-178 PubMedID Other publications of related interest 1. Bigo S, Bowyer O, Braen G, Brown K C, Deyo R A, Haldeman S, et al. Acute low back problems in adults: clinical practice guidelines, quick reference guide number 14. Rockville (MD): US Department of Health ad Human Services, Public health Service, Agency

1997 DARE.

11030. Riluzole: a new agent for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Riluzole: a new agent for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Riluzole: a new agent for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Riluzole: a new agent for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Wagner M L, Landis B E Authors' objectives To comprehensively review the efficacy of riluzole in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Searching MEDLINE was searched in May 1996. Manufacturer's information was used when there was no primary literature. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included (...) relating to the review itself. It is therefore unclear whether the results of the review are robust. As there are only 2 large trials included, the conclusions of the review may be susceptible to publication bias. Bibliographic details Wagner M L, Landis B E. Riluzole: a new agent for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 1997; 31(6): 738-744 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis /drug therapy; Drug Interactions; Humans

1997 DARE.

11031. The accuracy of serum chlamydial antibodies in the diagnosis of tubal pathology: a meta-analysis

of verification to define criteria for tubal disease, or the assay. A Spearman correlation coefficient was used to examine the threshold effect (see Other Publications of Related Interest no.2), i.e. the possible effects on test performance of varying the cut-off points of Chlamydia antibody titres for test positivity. Results of the review Twenty-three studies (2,729 patients) were included. The sensitivity of Chlamydia testing for tubal pathology varied between 21% (specificity 100%) and 90% (specificity 33 (...) publications of related interest 1. Midgette AS, Stukel TA, Littenberg B. A meta-analytic method for summarizing diagnostic test performances: receiver operating characteristic: summary point estimates. Med Dec Making 1993;13:253-7. 2. Littenberg B, Moses E. Estimating diagnostic accuracy from multiole conflicting reports: a new meta-analytic method. Med Decis Making 1993;13:313-21. 3. Swart P, Mol BW, van der Veen F, van Beurden M, Redekop K, Bossuyt PM. The accuracy of hysterosalpingography

1997 DARE.

11032. Premature rupture of membranes at term: a meta-analysis of three management schemes

Premature rupture of membranes at term: a meta-analysis of three management schemes Premature rupture of membranes at term: a meta-analysis of three management schemes Premature rupture of membranes at term: a meta-analysis of three management schemes Mozurkewich E L, Wolf F M Authors' objectives To compare rates of Caesarean birth, endometritis, chorioamnionitis, and serious neonatal infections among pregnancies complicated by premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at term and managed (...) the inclusion criteria included unfavourable cervices (Bishop's score less than 5), studies in which no digital examinations were performed before randomisation, and studies in which digital examinations were performed on all patients before randomisation, and separate analyses of RCTs and CCTs. Results of the review A total of 23 studies were included (n=7,493). A total of 3,030 participants had conservative management and delayed induction; 1,735 had vaginal prostaglandins, 2,722 had immediate oxytocin

1997 DARE.

11033. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of non-operative treatments for idiopathic scoliosis

A meta-analysis of the efficacy of non-operative treatments for idiopathic scoliosis A meta-analysis of the efficacy of non-operative treatments for idiopathic scoliosis A meta-analysis of the efficacy of non-operative treatments for idiopathic scoliosis Rowe D E, Bernstein S M, Riddick M F, Adler F, Emans J B, Gardner-Bonneau D Authors' objectives To examine the effect of three variables on the effectiveness of non-operative treatments for idiopathic scoliosis: the type of treatment, the level (...) how many relevant studies may have been missed from the review. Very little information was given about the studies included in the review, or their design, although the studies were quality assessed by three individuals. The lack of information provided about the included studies, and the limited literature search, should be considered carefully when interpreting the results of the review and the authors' conclusions. Bibliographic details Rowe D E, Bernstein S M, Riddick M F, Adler F, Emans J B

1997 DARE.

11034. Diagnosis of vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection: a meta-analysis

Diagnosis of vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection: a meta-analysis Diagnosis of vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection: a meta-analysis Diagnosis of vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection: a meta-analysis Siegman-Igra Y, Anglim A M, Shapiro D E, Adal K A, Strain B A, Farr B M Authors' objectives To evaluate the relative accuracy and cost-effectiveness of methods of diagnosing vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 (...) . Research: More large, well-designed studies are needed to evaluate the accuracy of the paired quantitative method of blood culture. Bibliographic details Siegman-Igra Y, Anglim A M, Shapiro D E, Adal K A, Strain B A, Farr B M. Diagnosis of vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection: a meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1997; 35(4): 928-936 PubMedID Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Bacteremia /diagnosis /etiology; Bacterial Typing Techniques

1997 DARE.

11035. TIMI grade 3 flow and reocclusion after intravenous thrombolytic therapy: a pooled analysis

TIMI grade 3 flow and reocclusion after intravenous thrombolytic therapy: a pooled analysis TIMI grade 3 flow and reocclusion after intravenous thrombolytic therapy: a pooled analysis TIMI grade 3 flow and reocclusion after intravenous thrombolytic therapy: a pooled analysis Barbagelata N A, Granger C B, Oqueli E, Suarez L D, Borruel M, Topol E J, Califf R M Authors' objectives To review the effectiveness of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI (...) minute) TIMI grade 3 flow. CRD commentary Little information is presented on the individual studies included in this review, particularly in terms of patient characteristics and study design: some studies are randomised and some are non-randomised. The results of this review are based on all studies, irrespective of study design and, therefore, the validity of the conclusions are questionable. Bibliographic details Barbagelata N A, Granger C B, Oqueli E, Suarez L D, Borruel M, Topol E J, Califf R M

1997 DARE.

11036. Risperidone versus haloperidol in the treatment of schizophrenia: a meta-analysis comparing their efficacy and safety

Risperidone versus haloperidol in the treatment of schizophrenia: a meta-analysis comparing their efficacy and safety Risperidone versus haloperidol in the treatment of schizophrenia: a meta-analysis comparing their efficacy and safety Risperidone versus haloperidol in the treatment of schizophrenia: a meta-analysis comparing their efficacy and safety de Oliveira I R, Miranda-Scippa A M, de Sena E P, Pereira E L, Ribeiro M G, de Castro-e-Silva E, Bacaltchuk J Authors' objectives To compare (...) . The restricted search strategy, however, suggests that a search of other databases for other trials might have been worthwhile. In addition, as most of the included studies were small, publication bias may be a problem. The authors acknowledge that further large-scale trials are needed to confirm their conclusions. Implications of the review for practice and research Further large-scale trials are needed. Bibliographic details de Oliveira I R, Miranda-Scippa A M, de Sena E P, Pereira E L, Ribeiro M G, de

1996 DARE.

11037. Complications and recovery from laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy compared with abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy

Complications and recovery from laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy compared with abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy Complications and recovery from laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy compared with abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy Complications and recovery from laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy compared with abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy Meikle S F, Weston Nugent E, Orleans M Authors' objectives To compare the complications, post-operative recovery time, and costs (...) , Weston Nugent E, Orleans M. Complications and recovery from laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy compared with abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy. Obstetrics and Gynecology 1997; 89(2): 304-311 PubMedID DOI Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Female; Humans; Hysterectomy, Vaginal /adverse effects /methods; Laparoscopy; Pain, Postoperative /economics /prevention & Postoperative Complications /epidemiology; control AccessionNumber 11997000231 Date bibliographic record published

1997 DARE.

11038. Is there a role for antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: an update on epidemiological and clinical trials data

Is there a role for antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: an update on epidemiological and clinical trials data Is there a role for antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: an update on epidemiological and clinical trials data Is there a role for antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: an update on epidemiological and clinical trials data Lonn E M, Yusuf S Authors' objectives To review prospective epidemiological (...) presented. Implications of the review for practice and research The authors recommend that widespread use of antioxidant vitamins in cardiovascular protection should not be instituted, and should await the results of further ongoing trials. Bibliographic details Lonn E M, Yusuf S. Is there a role for antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: an update on epidemiological and clinical trials data. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 1997; 13(10): 957-965 PubMedID Indexing Status

1997 DARE.

11039. Effects of antihistamines in adult asthma: a meta-analysis of clinical trials

Effects of antihistamines in adult asthma: a meta-analysis of clinical trials Effects of antihistamines in adult asthma: a meta-analysis of clinical trials Effects of antihistamines in adult asthma: a meta-analysis of clinical trials Van Ganse E, Kaufman L, Derde M P, Yernault J C, Delaunois L, Vincken W Authors' objectives To investigate the positive and negative effects of antihistamines in asthma. Searching MEDLINE, Ringdoc, and Excerpta Medica: DRUGS, were searched for studies published (...) validity assessment was conducted, adequate details of the primary studies were provided, and the synthesis of the data was appropriate. The authors' conclusions appear to be fully justified. Funding Department of Pneumology and the Department of Biostatistics of the Brussels University Hospital(AZ VUB); EC BIOMED, grant number BMH4 CT965033. Bibliographic details Van Ganse E, Kaufman L, Derde M P, Yernault J C, Delaunois L, Vincken W. Effects of antihistamines in adult asthma: a meta-analysis

1997 DARE.

11040. Accuracy of currently available techniques for prediction of functional recovery after revascularization in patients with left ventricular dysfunction due to chronic coronary artery disease: comparison of pooled data

of functional recovery after revascularization in patients with left ventricular dysfunction due to chronic coronary artery disease: comparison of pooled data Bax J J, Wijns W, Cornel J H, Visser F C, Boersma E, Fioretti P M Authors' objectives To assess the accuracy of different techniques currently available for predicting improvement in regional contractile function after coronary revascularisation, in patients with left ventricular dysfunction due to chronic coronary artery disease. Searching MEDLINE (...) revascularisation is contemplated. Research: The authors state that a prospective long-term evaluation of patients with severe dysfunction with and without revascularisation is still awaited. In addition, outcomes such as the response during stress, exercise capacity and the quality of life should be evaluated. Bibliographic details Bax J J, Wijns W, Cornel J H, Visser F C, Boersma E, Fioretti P M. Accuracy of currently available techniques for prediction of functional recovery after revascularization

1997 DARE.

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