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121. Review of restrictive public policy measures to limit COVID-19

. Government websites were searched to establish the set of restrictive public policy measures that were being implemented, if any. The search was limited to the top 50 countries most affected by COVID-19, as defined by the number of diagnosed cases on 25 March. Information was extracted from press releases, press briefings, and government documents on restrictive measures related to: ? Travel ? Mass gatherings ? Staying at home ? Curfew ? Cordon sanitaire ? Closure of schools, nurseries or universities (...) was introduced on March 26 asking people to stay at home to curb the spread of disease. (42) In contrast, no lockdown was implemented in Taiwan, but people have been asked to wear protective masks and strictly follow COVID-19 precautions. (31) In Pakistan, citizens and residents may leave their homes to buy groceries and medicine and visit health facilities only. (32) In Saudi Arabia, citizens and residents have been asked to stay at home and those aged 15 years and under are prohibited from entering stores

2020 Health Information and Quality Authority

122. Infectious Diseases Society of America Guidelines on the Diagnosis of COVID-19

Infectious Diseases Society of America Guidelines on the Diagnosis of COVID-19 Last updated May 6, 2020 and posted online at Please check website for most updated version of these guidelines. Supplementary materials are available here. Version 1.0.1 Infectious Diseases Society of America G8uidelines on the Diagnosis of COVID-19 Kimberly E. Hanson 1 , Angela M. Caliendo 2 , Cesar A. Arias 3 , Janet A. Englund 4 , Mark J. Lee 5 , Mark Loeb 6 , Robin Patel 7 (...) of Infectious Diseases, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 16 Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas Corresponding Author: Kimberly E. Hanson Panel Members: Kimberly E. Hanson (lead), Angela M. Caliendo, Cesar A. Arias, Janet A. Englund (PIDS representative), Mark J. Lee, Mark Loeb (SHEA representative), Robin Patel (ASM representative), Adarsh Bhimraj Methodologists: Reem A. Mustafa (lead), Abdallah El Alayli

2020 Infectious Diseases Society of America

123. Ménière’s Disease (Meniere) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ménière’s Disease (Meniere) Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease - Gregory J. Basura, Meredith E. Adams, Ashkan Monfared, Seth R. Schwartz, Patrick J. Antonelli, Robert Burkard, Matthew L. Bush, Julie Bykowski, Maria Colandrea, Jennifer Derebery, Elizabeth A. Kelly, Kevin A. Kerber, Charles F. Koopman, Amy Angie Kuch, Evie Marcolini, Brian J. McKinnon, Michael J. Ruckenstein, Carla V. Valenzuela, Alexis Vosooney, Sandra A. Walsh, Lorraine C. Nnacheta, Nui Dhepyasuwan, Erin M. Buchanan (...) , Lorraine C. Nnacheta, MPH, DrPH , Nui Dhepyasuwan, MEd , and Erin M. Buchanan, MPH Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 2020 162 : 2_suppl , S1-S55 Download Citation If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Format Download Citation Download article citation data for: Gregory J. Basura, MD, PhD , Meredith E. Adams, MD , Ashkan Monfared, MD

2020 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

124. Nosebleed (Epistaxis) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nosebleed (Epistaxis) Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis) - David E. Tunkel, Samantha Anne, Spencer C. Payne, Stacey L. Ishman, Richard M. Rosenfeld, Peter J. Abramson, Jacqueline D. Alikhaani, Margo McKenna Benoit, Rachel S. Bercovitz, Michael D. Brown, Boris Chernobilsky, David A. Feldstein, Jesse M. Hackell, Eric H. Holbrook, Sarah M. Holdsworth, Kenneth W. Lin, Meredith Merz Lind, David M. Poetker, Charles A. Riley, John S. Schneider, Michael D. Seidman, Venu Vadlamudi, Tulio (...) Citation Download article citation data for: David E. Tunkel, MD , Samantha Anne, MD, MS , Spencer C. Payne, MD , Stacey L. Ishman, MD, MPH , Richard M. Rosenfeld, MD, MPH, MBA , Peter J. Abramson, MD , Jacqueline D. Alikhaani, Margo McKenna Benoit, MD , Rachel S. Bercovitz, MD, MS , Michael D. Brown, MD, MSc , Boris Chernobilsky, MD , David A. Feldstein, MD , Jesse M. Hackell, MD , Eric H. Holbrook, MD , Sarah M. Holdsworth, MSN, APRN , Kenneth W. Lin, MD, MPH , Meredith Merz Lind, MD , David M

2020 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

125. Safe Cholecystectomy Multi-Society Practice Guideline and State of the Art Consensus Conference on Prevention of Bile Duct Injury during Cholecystectomy

Injury during Cholecystectomy L. Michael Brunt 1 , MD, Daniel J. Deziel 2 , MD, Dana A. Telem 3 , MD,MPH, Steven M. Strasberg 1 , MD, Rajesh Aggarwal 4 , MD, Horacio Asbun 5 , MD, Jaap Bonjer 6 , MD, Marian McDonald 7 , MD, Adnan Alseidi 8 , MD, Mike Ujiki 9 , MD, Taylor S. Riall 10 , MD,PhD, Chet Hammill 1 , MD, Carol-Anne Moulton 11 , MD, Philip H. Pucher 12 , MD, Rowan W. Parks 13 , MD, Mohammed T. Ansari 14 , MD, MMedSc, MPhil, Saxon Connor 15 , MD, Rebecca C. Dirks 16 , MD, Blaire Anderson 1 (...) by description in operative notes is poor. 86-88 Photographs of the CVS from two views have been superior to photographs with one view. 89 Intraoperative cholangiography was judged superior to single view photographs of the CVS for documentation of biliary anatomy. 85 Video documentation has been reported to be superior to operative notes 88, 89 and to CVS photographs with 2 views. 86 No correlation has been established with any clinical outcomes. Justification: Because direct evidence for BDI was not found

2020 Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons

126. Diagnosis and Treatment of Clinical Alzheimer’s-Type Dementia

Prepared by: Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center Minneapolis, MN Investigators: Howard A. Fink, M.D., M.P.H. Laura S. Hemmy, Ph.D. Eric J. Linskens, B.S. Pombie C. Silverman, B.A. Roderick MacDonald, M.S. J. Riley McCarten, M.D. Kristine M.C. Talley, Ph.D., R.N., G.N.P.-B.C., FGSA Priyanka J. Desai, M.S.P.H. Mary L. Forte, Ph.D., D.C. Margaret A. Miller, M.A. Michelle Brasure, Ph.D., M.S.P.H., M.L.I.S. Victoria A. Nelson, M.Sc. Brent C. Taylor, Ph.D., M.P.H. Weiwen Ng, M.P.H. Jeannine M. Ouellette (...) , M.F.A. Nancy L. Greer, Ph.D. Kerry M. Sheets, M.D. Timothy J. Wilt, M.D., M.P.H. Mary Butler, Ph.D., M.B.A. AHRQ Publication No. 20-EHC003 April 2020 Key Messages Purpose of Review To summarize evidence on cognitive test accuracy for clinical Alzheimer’s-type dementia (CATD) in suspected cognitive impairment; biomarker accuracy for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in dementia; and effects of CATD drug treatment. Key Messages • Many brief cognitive tests were highly (>0.8) sensitive and specific

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

127. Opioid Treatments for Chronic Pain

already prescribed opioids were not addressed in this review. Evidence on the effectiveness of risk mitigation strategies also remains very limited. One new observational study found provision of naloxone to patients prescribed opioids in primary care clinics associated with decreased likelihood of emergency department visits, but no difference in risk of overdose. 41 Evidence of opioid tapering versus usual care was largely limited to a trial that found a taper support intervention associated (...) are at high risk for opioid-related adverse events. No trial compared different rates of opioid tapering, though one observational study found an association between longer time to opioid discontinuation in patients on long-term, high-dose opioid therapy and decreased risk of opioid-related emergency department visit or hospitalization. 45 The Food and Drug Administration recently issued a warning on not discontinuing long-term opioid therapy abruptly. 46 No study evaluated the effectiveness of risk

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

128. AACE Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Fahey Center, Suite 137, Maywood, IL 60153. E-mail: Published as a Rapid Electronic Article in Press at http://www.endocrine DOI: 10.4158/GL-2020-0524 To purchase reprints of this article, please visit: Copyright © 2020 AACE. The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists’ Medical Guidelines for Practice are systematically developed statements to assist health-care professionals in medical (...) AACE Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis ENDOCRINE PRACTICE Vol 26 (Suppl 1) May 2020 1 Copyright © 2020 AACE Clinical Practice Guidelines AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS/ AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ENDOCRINOLOGY CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS— 2020 UPDATE Pauline M. Camacho, MD, FACE 1 ; Steven M. Petak, MD, JD, FACP , FCLM, MACE, CCD 2 ; Neil Binkley, MD 3 ; Dima L

2020 American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists

129. Cardiovascular Considerations in Caring for Pregnant Patients: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

heart failure, myocardial ischemia, stroke, or renal disease. For severe hypertension, treatment with intravenous labetalol or intravenous hydralazine is typically recommended. However, if intravenous access has not been established, immediate-release oral nifedipine may be administered ( ). Intravenous nitroglycerin is the preferred drug when preeclampsia is associated with pulmonary edema. For the prevention of eclampsia and treatment of seizures, intravenous magnesium sulfate is recommended (...) , oxygen saturation levels, platelet count, and serum creatinine and aspartate transaminase concentrations. In this multivariate model, blood pressure did not independently predict adverse maternal outcomes, and it was largely felt to be the only element for which an easy intervention is possible. For women with HDP requiring antihypertensive therapy, early outpatient blood pressure surveillance during the first 1 to 2 weeks postpartum is encouraged. Antihypertensive therapy should be continued

2020 American Heart Association

130. Call to Action to Prevent Venous Thromboembolism in Hospitalized Patients: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association

for outpatient VTE, but it is unclear whether brief elective admission for chemotherapy truly increases risk. A risk tool has been validated in the hospitalized cancer population in 2 recent cohort studies and incorporates variables such as the site of cancer, elevated leukocyte and platelet counts, low hemoglobin, and high body mass index. , Despite the known high risk of VTE in hospitalized patients with cancer and increased mortality risk, patients with cancer are less likely to receive prophylaxis (...) the benefit of direct oral anticoagulant use in thromboprophylaxis in outpatients with cancer, , no cancer-specific randomized trials have evaluated the benefit and risk of inpatient thromboprophylaxis in this population. Common Surgical Procedures Associated With VTE Overall rates of provoked VTE resulting from surgical procedures account for 20% of all VTE. In addition to procedure type and duration, patient factors such as age and comorbidities, malignancy, prior VTE, and infectious complications all

2020 American Heart Association

131. Consensus Statement on Rural and Remote Cardiology During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Control and Prevention. JAMA 2020. 5. Arentz M, Yim E , Klaff L et al Characteristics and Outcomes of 21 critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Washington State. JAMA 2020. 6. Shi S, Qin M, Shen B et al. Association of Cardiac Injury with Mortality in Hospitalised patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan Chine. JAMA Cardiol 2020. 7. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C et al. Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients with 2019 Novel Coronavirus Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan China. JAMA 2020. 8. NSW COVID-19 case (...) a higher rate of adverse outcomes due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), driven by many factors(1-3). The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is also higher in regional and remote populations and people with known CVD have increased morbidity and mortality from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (4). In addition, COVID-19 is associated with serious cardiac manifestations (5-7), potentially placing additional demand on limited regional services at a time of diminished visiting metropolitan

2020 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

132. Position Statement on the Management of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices in Australia During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Living Document Version 2

these guidelines to their local models of service delivery, with frequent visitation of updates. 4. Each of the networks should work closely with their hospital or network’s established COVID- 19 Taskforce group ideally comprising of one or more of: cardiology department heads, EP leads, CIED program heads, infectious disease specialists, population health physicians, emergency department physicians, intensive care physicians, nurses and allied health staff, industry partners and hospital administration (...) outpatient CIED clinics via teleconferencing, if feasible. These clinics will provide continuing patient education and support. It further aims to avoid unnecessary hospitalisations and in-person visits, thereby reducing the burden on the hospital system and reducing infection risk for patients and staff. Patients with remote monitoring should have downloads scheduled to synchronise with their originally scheduled face to face appointment. Ideally, these remote clinics will occur in a location distant

2020 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

133. Guidelines for the management of pregnant and breastfeeding women in the context of Ebola virus disease

GSC Guideline Steering Committee GRADE Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation GRC Guideline Review Committee HQ headquarters IPC infection prevention and control MCA Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (at WHO) MEURI Monitored Emergency Use of Unregistered and Investigational Interventions NIH National Institutes of Health PPE personal protective equipment PECO population (P), exposure (E), comparator (C), outcome (O) PICO population (P (...) not be performed for foetal indications in pregnant women with acute EVD. Recommended Strong Very low quality evidence 5. All pregnant women with acute EVD should be managed using both standard precautions and Ebola-specific IPC measures. Recommended Strong Very low quality evidence 6. All pregnant women who have recovered from EVD (with conception prior to EVD) should be enabled and encouraged to attend frequent antenatal care. If there is no risk of exposure to pregnancy-related fluids during the visit, only

2020 World Health Organisation Guidelines

134. Clinical Management of Stable Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

. Beatty , Prakash C. Deedwania , Silvio E. Inzucchi , Mikhail Kosiborod , Lawrence A. Leiter , Kasia J. Lipska , Jonathan D. Newman , Francine K. Welty , Originally published 13 Apr 2020 Circulation. 2020;141:e779–e806 Abstract Although cardiologists have long treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and concomitant type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), T2DM has traditionally been considered just a comorbidity that affected the development and progression of the disease. Over the past decade (...) amputations among patients with T2DM in the past 15 years, there has been a recent resurgence in these morbid ischemic complications, particularly among young and middle-aged adults. These alarming statistics highlight the urgent need to refocus on aggressive cardiovascular risk reduction in patients living with T2DM, especially in those who already have established CAD. Thus, to improve the longevity and quality of life in patients with T2DM, practice guidelines increasingly recognize the prevention

2020 American Heart Association

135. Cardiovascular Health in American Indians and Alaska Natives: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

trials examined the efficacy of culturally adapted programs for American Indian and Alaska Native smokers conducted in outpatient clinics and found self-reported quit rates were improved; however, cotinine-verified abstinence was not different from control groups. As with smoking, there is geographic variation in alcohol intake among American Indians, and generalized reports of widespread excessive alcohol abuse are unfounded. Rates of current drinkers range from 12% among American Indian women from (...) insurance coverage, and 19.3% no health insurance coverage. The Indian Health Service provides health care to 1.6 million American Indian and Alaska Native people, which represents less than one-third of the American Indian and Alaska Native population. The Indian Health Service provides programs and services mostly in primary outpatient and emergency care and supports tribal-operated health services including contract/compact tribal health facilities. , Most Indian Health Service facilities are small

2020 American Heart Association

136. Diagnosis and Detection of Sarcoidosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Ennis James , x Marc A. Judson , x Liz Kellermeyer , x Shandra Knight , x Laura L. Koth , x Venerino Poletti , x Subha V. Raman , x Melissa H. Tukey , x Gloria E. Westney , and x Robert P. Baughman ; on behalf of the American Thoracic Society Assembly on Clinical Problems Show All... PubMed: You may print one copy of this document at no charge. However, if you require more than one copy, you must place a reprint order. Domestic reprint orders: ; international reprint orders: . Abstract Section (...) for Extrapulmonary Disease 1. For patients with sarcoidosis who do not have ocular symptoms, we suggest a baseline eye examination to screen for ocular sarcoidosis (conditional recommendation, very low-quality evidence). 2. For patients with sarcoidosis who have neither renal symptoms nor established renal sarcoidosis, we suggest baseline serum creatinine testing to screen for renal sarcoidosis (conditional recommendation, very low-quality evidence). 3. For patients with sarcoidosis who have neither hepatic

2020 American Thoracic Society

137. Addressing Social Determinants of Health in the Care of Patients With Heart Failure: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

and Brooks-Gunn conducted the Moving to Opportunity study, which is the only randomized study that assigned participants to high- versus low-income neighborhoods according to a voucher system. After 3 years, 550 families were reinterviewed. Those in higher-income neighborhoods reported significantly lower stress and anxiety, lower obesity, and fewer health-related comorbidities. Consistent with these findings, other observational studies have demonstrated fewer inpatient and outpatient visits and fewer (...) not be able to secure a follow-up HF appointment. Searching for a medical home at an indigent care clinic, federally funded clinic, or county hospital may be options for long-term care. A 2012 Canadian study identified that having an established local HF clinic and referrals to disease management programs and other outpatient services influenced HF clinic use. At the patient level, SEP factors such as having a higher education, lower stress levels, and lower functional status were associated with greater

2020 American Heart Association

138. BTS guidance on respiratory follow up of patients with radiologically confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia

this guidance we hope to be able to answer this question. This may lead to modifications to the follow up guidance later. Until we know more we advise follow up assessment of this group to establish their recovery and wellbeing. e) How should patients diagnosed with pulmonary emboli during the acute illness be followed up? • There is an emerging signal for a high prevalence of pulmonary thrombotic disease in the most severely affected COVID-19 patients. 6 • Patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism during (...) significant symptoms. Clearly some of these patients may be referred in for further assessment. It is important to try and collect data on these referrals where possible so it can be established if the guidance has limitations so that it can be iterated. Patient numbers and the indication for referral would be valuable in this regard. • The pathway can be ‘enhanced’ at appropriate time points for hospitals who have the resources to offer a more comprehensive follow up system. Virtual points in the pathway

2020 British Thoracic Society

139. BTS Guideline for Long Term Macrolide Use

BTS Guideline for Long Term Macrolide Use British Thoracic Society guideline for the use of long- term macrolides in adults with respiratory disease David Smith, 1 Ingrid Du Rand, 2 Charlotte Louise Addy, 3 Timothy Collyns, 4 Simon Paul Hart , 5 Philip J Mitchelmore , 6,7 Najib M Rahman, 8 Ravijyot Saggu 9 BTS Guideline To cite: Smith D, Du Rand I, Addy CL, et al. Thorax Epub ahead of print: [please include Day Month Year]. doi:10.1136/ thoraxjnl-2019-213929 ? Additional material is published (...) online only. To view please visit the journal online (http:// dx. doi . org/ 10. 1136/ thor axjnl- 2019- 213929). 1 North Bristol Lung Centre, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK 2 Respiratory, Wye Valley NHS Trust, Hereford, UK 3 Centre for Medical Education, Queens University Belfast, Regional Respiratory Centre, Belfast City Hospital, Belfast, UK 4 Medical Microbiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK 5 Cardiovascular and Respiratory Studies, Hull York Medical School/University of Hull

2020 British Thoracic Society

140. Guidelines on the use of liver biopsy in clinical practice

Frock JLL, Ellis CA, Turchik JB, et al. Transient bacteremia associated with percutaneous liver biopsy. J Infect Dis 1975;131:S104–7. 16 McCloskey RV , Gold M, Weser E. Bacteremia after liver biopsy. Arch Intern Med 1973;132:213–5. 17 Little AF , Ferris JV , Dodd GD, et al. Image- guided percutaneous hepatic biopsy: effect of ascites on the complication rate. Radiology 1996;199:79–83. 18 Murphy FB, Barefield KP , Steinberg HV , et al. CT- or sonography- guided biopsy of the liver in the presence (...) Rebecca West, 5 Judith I Wyatt, 11 Mathis Heydtman 12 To cite: Neuberger J, Patel J, Caldwell H, et al. Gut Epub ahead of print: [please include Day Month Year]. doi:10.1136/ gutjnl-2020-321299 ? Additional material is published online only. To view please visit the journal online (http:// dx. doi . org/ 10. 1136/ gutjnl- 2020- 321299). For numbered affiliations see end of article. Correspondence to Dr James Neuberger, Liver Unit, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham B15

2020 British Society of Gastroenterology

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