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Dysuria in Children

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41. What is the outcome of paediatric gastrocystoplasty when the patients reach adulthood? (Abstract)

What is the outcome of paediatric gastrocystoplasty when the patients reach adulthood? To document the long-term outcomes of paediatric augmentation gastrocystoplasty (AGC) in terms of preservation of renal function and maintenance of dryness, and to analyse the rate of complications.The medical records of children who had undergone AGC between 1992 and 2000 (minimum time interval of 15 years) were reviewed retrospectively. The following data were collected: age at surgery, the cause of bladder (...) -19.5) years. Renal function was preserved or improved in seven of the 11 patients and nine patients were dry after AGC. Seven of the 11 patients reported symptoms linked to haematuria-dysuria syndrome, which was resistant to treatment in one case and requiring excision of the gastric patch. Three of the 11 patients developed a tumour on the gastric graft after a median (range) delay of 20 (11-22) years after the initial procedure. All had gastric adenocarcinoma of which two were metastatic

2016 BJU international

42. Eosinophilic Cystitis: A Rare Cause of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Eosinophilic Cystitis: A Rare Cause of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a rare and poorly understood inflammatory condition, characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of all layers of the bladder wall, which mimics bladder tumors. EC may present with symptoms such as increased urination frequency, dysuria, gross/microscopic hematuria, suprapubic pain and urinary retention.We present a 17-year-old male patient, who was continent night and day in his childhood (...) . According to these findings, a histopathological diagnosis of EC was made, and the patient was treated with corticosteroids, antimicrobial agents and antihistamines. His symptoms dramatically improved and nocturnal enuresis also recovered after treatment.Although it is a rare entity, EC should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with dysuria, hematuria and any kind of acquired voiding dysfunction, including frequency, pollakiuria and incontinence.

2016 Iranian Red Crescent medical journal

43. Comparing between results and complications of doing voiding cystourethrogram in the first week following urinary tract infection and in 2-6 weeks after urinary tract infection in children referring to a teaching hospital Full Text available with Trip Pro

to compare the timing of voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) in children with urinary tract infection in first week and after the first week of urinary tract infection.This research is a case-control study that both case and control groups include 208 children from 1 month to 12 years old with the complain of urinary tract infection. In case group, the VCUG was performed at the first week of infection and in control group, the VCUG was performed after the first week of infection.complication such as dysuria (...) Comparing between results and complications of doing voiding cystourethrogram in the first week following urinary tract infection and in 2-6 weeks after urinary tract infection in children referring to a teaching hospital Urinary tract infection is the most common genitourinary disease in children so about 40% of the children with urinary tract infection suffering from reflux that caused some consequences such as pyelonephritis and kidney parenchymal injury.This research was conducted

2016 Journal of renal injury prevention

44. Clinical Applications of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography in Pediatric Population

years. No adverse events were reported at 1 hour after exam. Follow-up phone interviews revealed no adverse events in the majority (973 of 1,010). The remaining 37 children experienced mild symptoms including dysuria (n=26) and urinary retention (n=2) which may have been related to catheterization rather than the contrast agent. A recent European survey at 29 centers evaluating the use of ultrasound contrast agent in 4,131 children for pediatric reflux diagnosis reported no adverse events (Riccabona (...) noninvasive, non-ionizing delineation of physiology and pathophysiology with higher resolution and accuracy in children. The technique is particularly useful in pediatric population whose lifetime risk of cancer significantly increases with higher frequency of ionizing radiation. Voiding cystourethrogram is a fluoroscopy technique that can study reflux real time but at the risk of radiation side effects. In this regard, intravesicle administration of ultrasound contrast agent can help avoid radiation

2016 Clinical Trials

45. Prospective assessment of complications on a daily basis is essential to determine morbidity and mortality in routine pediatric surgery. (Abstract)

Prospective assessment of complications on a daily basis is essential to determine morbidity and mortality in routine pediatric surgery. We aimed to assess postoperative complications prospectively on a daily basis and hypothesized that this would lead to an increase in the number of detected complications.Surgical complications were assessed prospectively during a period of 8months. Systematic documentation was carried out daily during a team meeting (period S). Data were compared to those (...) infection, dysuria after hypospadias repair or postoperative bleeding. In contrast, the incidence of severe complications (grade IV+V) was not significantly different between the time periods (1.3% in period S and 0.8% in period N). Most frequent major complications were cardiopulmonary arrest, enterocolitis, and death. Severe complications accounted for 8% of complications discussed during weekly morbidity and mortality conferences in period S versus 22% in period N (p<0.05).Our results indicate

2015 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

46. Evaluation of Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Ceftazidime and Avibactam (CAZ-AVI ) Compared With Cefepime in Children From 3 Months to Less Than 18 Years of Age With Complicated Urinary Tract Infections (cUTIs)

Evaluation of Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Ceftazidime and Avibactam (CAZ-AVI ) Compared With Cefepime in Children From 3 Months to Less Than 18 Years of Age With Complicated Urinary Tract Infections (cUTIs) Evaluation of Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Ceftazidime and Avibactam (CAZ-AVI ) Compared With Cefepime in Children From 3 Months to Less Than 18 Years of Age With Complicated Urinary Tract Infections (cUTIs) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary (...) Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Evaluation of Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Ceftazidime and Avibactam (CAZ-AVI ) Compared With Cefepime in Children From 3 Months to Less Than 18 Years of Age With Complicated Urinary Tract Infections (cUTIs

2015 Clinical Trials

47. Hyperoxaluria and Genitourinary Disorders in Children Ingesting Almond Milk Products. (Abstract)

Hyperoxaluria and Genitourinary Disorders in Children Ingesting Almond Milk Products. We describe 3 children presenting with hematuria, dysuria or kidney stones, and hyperoxaluria believed to be related to ingestion of excessive amounts of almond milk products. Our investigation of the oxalate content of several popular plant-based milk substitutes indicates that almond milk products are a particularly rich source of dietary oxalate. All genitourinary and urinary metabolic disturbances resolved

2015 Journal of Pediatrics

48. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

and capacity for normal tissue repair. Hormonal milieu. Function of organs not affected by cancer treatment. Socioeconomic status. Health habits. Resources to Support Survivor Care Risk-based screening The need for long-term follow-up for childhood cancer survivors is supported by the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, the International Society of Pediatric Oncology, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Children’s Oncology Group (COG), and the Institute of Medicine. A risk-based medical (...) care, and interventions to promote healthy living in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study cohort. J Clin Oncol 27 (14): 2363-73, 2009. [ ] [ ] Schultz KA, Chen L, Chen Z, et al.: Health and risk behaviors in survivors of childhood acute myeloid leukemia: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer 55 (1): 157-64, 2010. [ ] [ ] Tercyak KP, Donze JR, Prahlad S, et al.: Multiple behavioral risk factors among adolescent survivors of childhood cancer in the Survivor Health

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

49. Dysuria

Immunocompromised patient Recurrent episodes (including frequent childhood infections) Known urinary tract abnormality Male sex Interpretation of findings Some findings are highly suggestive (see Table: ). In young, healthy women with dysuria and significant symptoms of bladder irritation, cystitis is the most likely cause. Visible urethral or cervical discharge suggests an . Thick purulent material is usually gonococcal; thin or watery discharge is nongonococcal. and the ulcerative lesions of are typically (...) Dysuria Dysuria - Genitourinary Disorders - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases / / / / IN THIS TOPIC OTHER TOPICS IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge Acute Tubular Necrosis Which

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

50. Child maltreatment: when to suspect maltreatment in under 16s

maltreatment includes neglect, physical, sexual and emotional abuse, and fabricated or induced illness. This guidance uses the definitions of child maltreatment as set out in the document 'Working together to safeguard children' [1] . Age groups This guidance uses the following terms to describe children of different ages: infant (aged under 1 year) child (aged under 13 years) young person (aged 13–17 years). Child maltreatment: when to suspect maltreatment in under 18s (CG89) © NICE 2019. All rights (...) Consider child maltreatment if an infant has an apparent life-threatening event with bleeding from the nose or mouth and a medical explanation has not been Child maltreatment: when to suspect maltreatment in under 18s (CG89) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 18 of 32identified. P Poisoning oisoning 1.2.6 Suspect child maltreatment in cases of poisoning in children if: there is a report of deliberate

2009 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

51. Oral midazolam for voiding dysfunction in children undergoing voiding cystourethrography: a controlled randomized clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral midazolam for voiding dysfunction in children undergoing voiding cystourethrography: a controlled randomized clinical trial. Voiding Cystourethrography (VCUG) is the gold standard of detecting and grading the vesicoureteral reflux. Moreover, VCUG is a part of the standard review for infants and children with a urinary tract infection and urinary dysfunction.The purpose of our study was to compare using oral midazolam in contrast to prescribing no sedative medication for voiding dysfunction (...) in children undergoing VCUG.In a clinical trial, we studied 84 children referred for VCUG. Children were allocated randomly into two equal groups. The intervention group received 0.5 mg/kg midazolam orally half an hour before the VCUG procedure. Then both groups were compared using statistical methods.Then both groups were compared using statistical methods. In more than half of the patients, the main cause of performing VCUG was urinary tract infection. Dysuria was evaluated immediately after VCUG

2014 Nephro-urology monthly Controlled trial quality: uncertain

52. Overactive Bladder in Children (Treatment)

Epidemiol Community Health . 1999 Aug. 53(8):453-8. . Sureshkumar P, Craig JC, Roy LP, Knight JF. Daytime urinary incontinence in primary school children: a population-based survey. J Pediatr . 2000 Dec. 137(6):814-8. . Järvelin MR, Vikeväinen-Tervonen L, Moilanen I, Huttunen NP. Enuresis in seven-year-old children. Acta Paediatr Scand . 1988 Jan. 77(1):148-53. . Forsythe WI, Redmond A. Enuresis and spontaneous cure rate. Study of 1129 enuretis. Arch Dis Child . 1974 Apr. 49(4):259-63. . Himsl KK (...) MA. Functional Defecation Disorders in Children with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms. J Urol . 2012 Oct 30. . van Gool JD, de Jonge GA. Urge syndrome and urge incontinence. Arch Dis Child . 1989 Nov. 64(11):1629-34. . Lettgen B, von Gontard A, Olbing H, Heiken-Lowenau C, Gaebel E, Schmitz I. Urge incontinence and voiding postponement in children: somatic and psychosocial factors. Acta Paediatr . 2002. 91(9):978-84; discussion 895-6. . Rasquin A, Di Lorenzo C, Forbes D, et al. Childhood functional

2014 eMedicine.com

53. Overactive Bladder in Children (Follow-up)

Epidemiol Community Health . 1999 Aug. 53(8):453-8. . Sureshkumar P, Craig JC, Roy LP, Knight JF. Daytime urinary incontinence in primary school children: a population-based survey. J Pediatr . 2000 Dec. 137(6):814-8. . Järvelin MR, Vikeväinen-Tervonen L, Moilanen I, Huttunen NP. Enuresis in seven-year-old children. Acta Paediatr Scand . 1988 Jan. 77(1):148-53. . Forsythe WI, Redmond A. Enuresis and spontaneous cure rate. Study of 1129 enuretis. Arch Dis Child . 1974 Apr. 49(4):259-63. . Himsl KK (...) MA. Functional Defecation Disorders in Children with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms. J Urol . 2012 Oct 30. . van Gool JD, de Jonge GA. Urge syndrome and urge incontinence. Arch Dis Child . 1989 Nov. 64(11):1629-34. . Lettgen B, von Gontard A, Olbing H, Heiken-Lowenau C, Gaebel E, Schmitz I. Urge incontinence and voiding postponement in children: somatic and psychosocial factors. Acta Paediatr . 2002. 91(9):978-84; discussion 895-6. . Rasquin A, Di Lorenzo C, Forbes D, et al. Childhood functional

2014 eMedicine.com

54. Pediatrics, Urinary Tract Infections and Pyelonephritis (Treatment)

States. Available at . Accessed: July 29, 2013. Harambat J, van Stralen KJ, Kim JJ, Tizard EJ. Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in children. Pediatr Nephrol . 2012 Mar. 27(3):363-73. . . Zorc JJ, Levine DA, Platt SL, Dayan PS, Macias CG, Krief W, et al. Clinical and demographic factors associated with urinary tract infection in young febrile infants. Pediatrics . 2005 Sep. 116(3):644-8. . Shaikh N, Morone NE, Lopez J, Chianese J, Sangvai S, D'Amico F, et al. Does this child have a urinary tract (...) if the patient's condition responds to therapy as expected. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that all infants and young children (aged 2 mo to 2 y) with a first UTI undergo urinary tract ultrasonography; depending on the result, this may be followed by voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). [ ] These studies should be performed promptly if patients fail to show expected clinical response within 2 days of treatment. VCUG may detect . Low-grade VUR (grade 1-2) usually resolves without permanent

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

55. Pediatrics, Urinary Tract Infections and Pyelonephritis (Diagnosis)

the following symptoms: Jaundice Fever Poor feeding Vomiting Irritability Infants and children aged 2 months to 2 years Infants with UTI may display the following symptoms: Poor feeding Fever Vomiting Strong-smelling urine Abdominal pain Irritability Children aged 2-6 years Preschoolers with UTI can display the following symptoms: Vomiting Abdominal pain Fever Strong-smelling urine Enuresis Urinary symptoms (dysuria, urgency, frequency) Children older than 6 years and adolescents School-aged children (...) , Bost JE, Farrell MH. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in childhood: a meta-analysis. Pediatr Infect Dis J . 2008 Apr. 27(4):302-8. . Hoberman A, Chao HP, Keller DM, Hickey R, Davis HW, Ellis D. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in febrile infants. J Pediatr . 1993 Jul. 123(1):17-23. . Downs SM. Technical report: urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children. The Urinary Tract Subcommittee of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Quality Improvement. Pediatrics

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

56. Pediatrics, Urinary Tract Infections and Pyelonephritis (Follow-up)

States. Available at . Accessed: July 29, 2013. Harambat J, van Stralen KJ, Kim JJ, Tizard EJ. Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in children. Pediatr Nephrol . 2012 Mar. 27(3):363-73. . . Zorc JJ, Levine DA, Platt SL, Dayan PS, Macias CG, Krief W, et al. Clinical and demographic factors associated with urinary tract infection in young febrile infants. Pediatrics . 2005 Sep. 116(3):644-8. . Shaikh N, Morone NE, Lopez J, Chianese J, Sangvai S, D'Amico F, et al. Does this child have a urinary tract (...) if the patient's condition responds to therapy as expected. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that all infants and young children (aged 2 mo to 2 y) with a first UTI undergo urinary tract ultrasonography; depending on the result, this may be followed by voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). [ ] These studies should be performed promptly if patients fail to show expected clinical response within 2 days of treatment. VCUG may detect . Low-grade VUR (grade 1-2) usually resolves without permanent

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

57. Pediatrics, Urinary Tract Infections and Pyelonephritis (Overview)

the following symptoms: Jaundice Fever Poor feeding Vomiting Irritability Infants and children aged 2 months to 2 years Infants with UTI may display the following symptoms: Poor feeding Fever Vomiting Strong-smelling urine Abdominal pain Irritability Children aged 2-6 years Preschoolers with UTI can display the following symptoms: Vomiting Abdominal pain Fever Strong-smelling urine Enuresis Urinary symptoms (dysuria, urgency, frequency) Children older than 6 years and adolescents School-aged children (...) , Bost JE, Farrell MH. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in childhood: a meta-analysis. Pediatr Infect Dis J . 2008 Apr. 27(4):302-8. . Hoberman A, Chao HP, Keller DM, Hickey R, Davis HW, Ellis D. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in febrile infants. J Pediatr . 1993 Jul. 123(1):17-23. . Downs SM. Technical report: urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children. The Urinary Tract Subcommittee of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Quality Improvement. Pediatrics

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

58. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in acutely unwell children in general practice: a prospective study with systematic urine sampling. Full Text available with Trip Pro

the absence of an alternative source of infection was associated with UTI (P = 0.64; P = 0.69, respectively). The probability of UTI in children aged ≥3 years without increased urinary frequency or dysuria was 2%. The probability of UTI was ≥5% in all other groups. Urine sampling based purely on GP suspicion would have missed 80% of UTIs, while a sampling strategy based on current guidelines would have missed 50%.Approximately 6% of acutely unwell children presenting to UK general practice met (...) Prevalence of urinary tract infection in acutely unwell children in general practice: a prospective study with systematic urine sampling. Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children may be associated with long-term complications that could be prevented by prompt treatment.To determine the prevalence of UTI in acutely ill children ≤ 5 years presenting in general practice and to explore patterns of presenting symptoms and urine sampling strategies.Prospective observational study with systematic

2013 British Journal of General Practice

59. Differentiation of Epididymitis and Appendix Testis Torsion by Clinical and Ultrasound Signs in Children. (Abstract)

for distinguishing AT and epididymitis.Most children with an acute scrotum will have AT or epididymitis. It will be possible to differentiate most cases using the clinical and ultrasound findings. In our study, the best predictors were dysuria, a painful epididymis on palpation, and altered epididymal echogenicity and increased peritesticular perfusion found on ultrasound studies for epididymitis and a positive blue dot sign for AT.Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Differentiation of Epididymitis and Appendix Testis Torsion by Clinical and Ultrasound Signs in Children. To identify the signs that can help to differentiate torsion of the appendix testis (AT) and epididymitis and to establish the incidence of the various pathologic entities in boys with an acute scrotum.A retrospective study was performed of the data from all boys treated at our institute from January 2008 to January 2012 for the diagnosis of an "acute scrotum." The clinical

2013 Urology

60. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer

Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version - National Cancer Institute Menu Search Search Search General Information About Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer During the past five decades, dramatic progress has been made in the development of curative therapy for pediatric malignancies. Long-term survival into adulthood is the expectation for more than 80% of children with access to contemporary (...) TO, et al.: Health behaviors, medical care, and interventions to promote healthy living in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study cohort. J Clin Oncol 27 (14): 2363-73, 2009. Schultz KA, Chen L, Chen Z, et al.: Health and risk behaviors in survivors of childhood acute myeloid leukemia: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer 55 (1): 157-64, 2010. Tercyak KP, Donze JR, Prahlad S, et al.: Multiple behavioral risk factors among adolescent survivors of childhood cancer

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

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