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Dry Mouth

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61. Factors affecting institutionalized older peoples’ self-perceived dry mouth (PubMed)

Factors affecting institutionalized older peoples’ self-perceived dry mouth The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting institutionalized older peoples' self-perceived dry mouth.This cross-sectional study was conducted on elderly residents at 22 long-term care facilities. A total of 165 questionnaires were returned from 13 senior citizen welfare institutions (SCWIs) and nine nursing homes. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data obtained.The (...) results showed that the type of long-term care (LTC) facility, regular oral examinations, wearing dentures, and the ability to chew sticky foods affected self-perceived dry mouth. This study determined an association between the type of LTC facility where the participants lived and self-perceived dry mouth.The results indicated the importance of providing oral care in order to improve and prevent dry mouth among institutionalized older people living in SCWIs who do not undergo regular oral

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2014 Quality of Life Research

62. Safety and efficacy of an intra-oral electrostimulator for the relief of dry mouth in patients with chronic graft versus host disease: Case series. (PubMed)

Safety and efficacy of an intra-oral electrostimulator for the relief of dry mouth in patients with chronic graft versus host disease: Case series. Patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) often suffer from dry mouth and oral mucosal lesions. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the safety of an intra-oral electrostimulator (GenNarino) in symptomatic cGVHD patients. The secondary objective was to study the impact on the salivary gland involvement of cGVHD (...) lesions in areas in contact with the GenNarino during the study. However, only one of them had a change in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) score for oral cGVHD. The unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rate increased in 4 out of the 5 patients included in this analysis. Symptoms of dry mouth and general oral comfort improved.This study suggests that GenNarino is safe in cGVHD patients with respect to oral tissues. Furthermore the use of GenNarino resulted in subjective and objective

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2014 Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal

63. [Prognosis and treatment of dry mouth. Systematic review.] (PubMed)

[Prognosis and treatment of dry mouth. Systematic review.] There are no clearly established protocols for the treatment of dry mouth. The aim of this paper is a systematic review of the literature of the past 10 years using the words « dry mouth », « prognosis », « treatment » and « dentistry ». The initial search found 1,450 entries and within the restriction « clinical trials OR randomized controlled trial OR systemic reviews » it has been reduced to 522, which 145 were meta-analysis

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2014 Medicina clinica

64. A randomized clinical trial of an intervention to relieve thirst and dry mouth in intensive care unit patients. (PubMed)

A randomized clinical trial of an intervention to relieve thirst and dry mouth in intensive care unit patients. To test an intervention bundle for thirst intensity, thirst distress, and dry mouth, which are among the most pervasive, intense, distressful, unrecognized, and undertreated symptoms in ICU patients, but for which data-based interventions are lacking.This was a single-blinded randomized clinical trial in three ICUs in a tertiary medical center in urban California. A total of 252 (...) cognitively intact patients reporting thirst intensity (TI) and/or thirst distress (TD) scores ≥3 on 0-10 numeric rating scales (NRS) were randomized to intervention or usual care groups. A research team nurse (RTN#1) obtained patients' pre-procedure TI and TD scores and reports of dry mouth. She then administered a thirst bundle to the intervention group: oral swab wipes, sterile ice-cold water sprays, and a lip moisturizer, or observed patients in the usual care group. RTN#2, blinded to group assignment

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2014 Intensive Care Medicine

65. Managing the care of patients with Sjögren syndrome and dry mouth: Comorbidities, medication use and dental care considerations. (PubMed)

Managing the care of patients with Sjögren syndrome and dry mouth: Comorbidities, medication use and dental care considerations. As North Americans live longer, have more chronic conditions and take more medications, adverse oral events are likely to increase and aggravate the symptoms of Sjögren syndrome (SS).A total of 151 adults who self-reported having SS and who had a mean (standard deviation [SD]) age of 65.8 (11.5) years completed a survey that included questions about basic demographic (...) information, current medical conditions, medications used (prescription and over the counter [OTC]) and the use of oral products to manage SS symptoms. Owing to the self-reporting process in our survey, the term "SS" in our study population represented a mixture of people with SS and people with dry mouth symptoms.The mean (SD) number of daily medications recorded as prescription, OTC and oral care products were 4.9 (3.5), 4.5 (2.8) and 4.6 (1.4), respectively. Participants with four or more comorbid

2014 Journal of the American Dental Association

66. Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction

Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction - National Elf Service Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Chlorhexidine gels and rinses reduce dry socket after third molar extraction Mar 13 2017 Posted by Dry socket (alveolar osteitis) is a common post-operative complication of permanent tooth extraction. Incidence of alveolar osteitis (AO) has been reported (...) . The primary outcome was incidence of AO and efficacy summaries using risk ratios (RR), preventive fraction and number needed to treat (NNT). Meta-analysis of binary data was conducted using a fixed-effects model. Result s 18 RCTs (16 parallel-group and 2 split-mouth) were included There were 2,824 third molar extractions (1,458 in experimental group and 1,366 in control group). 10 studies involved rinses, 4 using 0.2% concentration others 0.12%. 10 studies used gels, most using 0.2% concentration, 1 using

2017 The Dental Elf

67. Papules, Arthralgia, Dry Mouth and Dry Eyes: A Quiz. (PubMed)

Papules, Arthralgia, Dry Mouth and Dry Eyes: A Quiz. 22367265 2013 05 28 2013 01 10 1651-2057 93 1 2013 Jan Acta dermato-venereologica Acta Derm. Venereol. Papules, arthralgia, dry mouth and dry eyes: a quiz. Diagnosis: Multicentric reticulohistocytosis. 124-5 10.2340/00015555-1327 Jung Hee Dam HD Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea 620-56, Jeonnong-dong, Dongdaemun-ku, Seoul, Korea. Kim Hei Sung HS Lee Jun Young JY Kim Hyung Ok HO Park Young Min YM

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2013 Acta Dermato-Venereologica

68. Mouth care

, immunoglobulins and clotting factors help combat invading microbes. The taste buds are stimulated only by substances in solution. Dry foods once mixed with saliva are then able to stimulate the sense of taste ( ). The lips These form a muscular entrance to the mouth. They are covered by squamous, keratinized epithelial tissue, which is vascular and very sensitive. They are necessary for ingestion of food, enunciation of words and are involved in conveying the mood of a person via facial expressions e.g (...) and/or an enlarged or protruding tongue: may be mouth breathers and consequently can experience dry mucosa with an increased risk of mucosal deterioration. Friable mucosa may be experienced by children with epidermolysis bullosa (EB). In addition, dystrophic EB causes severe microstomia which can limit or prevent access to back molar teeth. Restricted movement of the tongue due to surgery or pain may lead to the body’s usual removal of debris being ineffective. Chronic constipation: may cause a foul mouth

2014 Great Ormond Street Hospital

69. Influence of mouth breathing on outcome of scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis (PubMed)

Influence of mouth breathing on outcome of scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis Dryness is known to be associated with inflammatory diseases such as dry eye disease and atopic dermatitis. There is significant water loss from the oral cavity during mouth breathing. This study is conducted to estimate the influence of mouth breathing on the outcome of scaling and root planing (SRP) in chronic periodontitis (CP).CP patients comprising of 33 mouth breathers (MBs) and 33 nose breathers (...) group. Sixty-nine percent of BOP positive sites with PD >4 mm were converted into BOP negative sites with PD ≤4 mm in maxillary posterior palatal sites in NB. This success was 38% in MB.Control of periodontal inflammation by SRP in CP patients is affected at palatal sites of mouth breathers.

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2018 BDJ Open

70. Spatial and temporal distribution of foot-and-mouth disease in four districts situated along the Uganda–Tanzania border: Implications for cross-border efforts in disease control (PubMed)

Spatial and temporal distribution of foot-and-mouth disease in four districts situated along the Uganda–Tanzania border: Implications for cross-border efforts in disease control Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the major trans-boundary animal diseases in East Africa causing economic loss to farmers and other stakeholders in the livestock industry. Foot-and-mouth disease occurs widely in both Uganda and Tanzania with annual outbreaks recorded. With the recent introduction (...) occurred in 20% of sub-counties and wards immediately neighbouring the Uganda-Tanzania border and 69.5% of the outbreaks occurred during the dry months. While the serotypes of the FMD virus responsible for most outbreaks reported in this region were not known, previous research reported South African Territory (SAT) 1, SAT 2 and O to be the serotypes in circulation. The results from this study provide evidence of the endemic status of FMD on the Uganda-Tanzania border and emphasise that the border area

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2018 The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research

71. Burning Mouth Syndrome: A Comparative Cross-sectional Study (PubMed)

sensations for at least 6 months without oral clinical signs, and with a normal blood count. Multiple logistic regression analyses were utilized to define the main predictors.Menopause, candidiasis, psychological disorders, job status, denture, and dry mouth were significantly frequent in BMS patients. Multivariate logistic regression indicated age (odds ratio (OR) =1.12, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08-1.15, P < 0.0001) and sex (OR = 3.14, 95% CI: 1.4-6.7, P < 0.002) significantly increase the odds (...) Burning Mouth Syndrome: A Comparative Cross-sectional Study Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) may be defined as a burning sensation in the oral mucosa usually unaccompanied by clinical signs. Multiple conditions have been attributed to a burning sensation. The aim of this study was to determine the role of age and sex in BMS.A total of 195 consecutive patients with BMS and 95 healthy patients without burning sensation were recruited in this study. Patients with BMS had experienced oral, burning

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2018 Contemporary clinical dentistry

72. Prerequisites for a dry powder inhaler for children with cystic fibrosis. (PubMed)

Prerequisites for a dry powder inhaler for children with cystic fibrosis. Correct inhalation technique is essential for effective use of dry powder inhalers (DPIs), as their effectiveness largely depends on the patient's inhalation manoeuvre. Children are an especially challenging target population for DPI development due to the large variability in understanding and inspiratory capacities. We previously performed a study in which we determined the prerequisites for a paediatric DPI in a mostly (...) in the mouth during inhalation were recorded with a sinuscope. All children were able to perform a correct inhalation manoeuvre, although video analysis showed that children did not place the inhaler correctly in the mouth in 17% of the cases. No effect was found of medium to high airflow resistance on total inhaled volume, which implies that the whole resistance range tested is suitable for children with CF aged 4-14 years. No effect could be established of either mouthpiece design or airflow resistance

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2017 PLoS ONE

73. Third molar removal: antibiotics reduced risk of dry socket

(18 parallel group, 3 split mouth, 1 two-way crossover) were included. 21 used orally administered antibiotics and one IV administration. Penicillins or nitroimidazoles ( metronidazole,tinidazole) were used. 21 studies (3304 extractions) contributed to the meta-analysis. There were 167 cases of dry socket out of 1479 extractions (11.3%) in the control group and 79 cases of dry socket out of 1825 extractions (4.3%) in the experiment group. There was a statistically significant lower risk of dry (...) Third molar removal: antibiotics reduced risk of dry socket Third molar removal: antibiotics reduced risk of dry socket - National Elf Service Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Third molar removal: antibiotics reduced risk of dry socket Aug 12 2016 Posted by The removal of third molar teeth is a common procedure and dry socket and infection are well-known postoperative problems. Systematic reviews have recommended that the routine use of prophylactic antibiotics

2016 The Dental Elf

74. Hand foot and mouth disease

) or investigate close contacts. Notification is not required in the UK. Contact the local Public Health England (PHE) centre if a large number of children are affected, and an outbreak is suspected. Basis for recommendation Basis for recommendation Advice on hygiene measures Hygiene measures should be encouraged, because spread of hand, foot, and mouth disease is promoted by unwashed virus-contaminated hands, and contact with contaminated surfaces. Droplets containing Coxsackie virus can survive on dry (...) Hand foot and mouth disease Hand foot and mouth disease - NICE CKS Clinical Knowledge Summaries Share Hand foot and mouth disease: Summary Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute viral illness characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth and papulovesicular lesions of the distal limbs. It should not be confused with foot and mouth disease of animals, which is caused by a different virus. HFMD is usually mild and self-limiting. It is most commonly due to Coxsackie A16 virus

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

75. Effect of Resveratrol Dry Suspension on Immune Function of Piglets. (PubMed)

Effect of Resveratrol Dry Suspension on Immune Function of Piglets. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic plant antitoxin, has a wide range of pharmacological activities. In this study, we systematically evaluated the effects of resveratrol dry suspension (RDS) on immune function in piglets that were treated with different doses of RDS for 2 weeks. The results showed that the RDS has significant effects on the development, maturation, proliferation, and transformation of T lymphocytes. RDS could regulate (...) humoral immune responses by upregulating the release of IFN-γ and downregulating the release of TNF-α. After piglets were vaccinated against classical swine fever virus and foot-and-mouth disease virus, the antibody titers were significantly increased. RDS treatment showed an excellent resistance to enhance T-SOD activity. Values of blood routine and blood biochemistry showed no toxicity. These results suggested that RDS could be considered as an adjuvant to enhance immune responses to vaccines

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2018 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

76. Dry Needling and Spinal Manipulation vs. Interocclusal Appliance (Splint), NSAIDs and Joint Mobs for Temporomandibular Dysfunction

Dry Needling and Spinal Manipulation vs. Interocclusal Appliance (Splint), NSAIDs and Joint Mobs for Temporomandibular Dysfunction Dry Needling and Spinal Manipulation vs. Interocclusal Appliance (Splint), NSAIDs and Joint Mobs for Temporomandibular Dysfunction - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have (...) reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Dry Needling and Spinal Manipulation vs. Interocclusal Appliance (Splint), NSAIDs and Joint Mobs for Temporomandibular Dysfunction The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before

2018 Clinical Trials

77. How Are Ocular Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye Associated with Depression in Women with and without Sjögren's Syndrome? (PubMed)

met at least 1 of 5 inclusion criteria for registry enrollment (including complaints of dry eyes or dry mouth, a previous diagnosis of Sjögren syndrome (SS), abnormal serology (positive anti-Sjögren syndrome antigen A and/or B [anti-SSA and/or anti-SSB]), or elevated antinuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor), bilateral parotid gland enlargement, or multiple dental caries). At baseline, participants had oral, ocular, and rheumatologic examination; blood and saliva collection; and a labial (...) ) compared to those without complaints. In both women with and without SS, the presence of symptoms of dry eyes and/or dry mouth rather than SS itself resulted in higher odds of depression. One particular ocular phenotypic feature of SS, a positive ocular staining score, was inversely correlated with depression.Participant-reported eye symptoms, particularly specific ocular sensations such as burning, were found to be positively associated with individual American College of Rheumatology/EUropean League

2018 American Journal of Ophthalmology

78. Efficacy of Two Concentrations of Autologous Serum for the Treatment of Severe Dry Eye

Efficacy of Two Concentrations of Autologous Serum for the Treatment of Severe Dry Eye Efficacy of Two Concentrations of Autologous Serum for the Treatment of Severe Dry Eye - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies (...) before adding more. Efficacy of Two Concentrations of Autologous Serum for the Treatment of Severe Dry Eye The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03436576 Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation First Posted : February 16, 2018 Last Update Posted : September 5, 2018 Sponsor: Pontificia

2018 Clinical Trials

79. Factors associated with severe dry eye in primary Sjögren’s syndrome diagnosed patients (PubMed)

Factors associated with severe dry eye in primary Sjögren’s syndrome diagnosed patients Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and other organs, resulting in dry eye, dry mouth and extraglandular systemic findings.To explore the association of severe or very severe dry eye with extraocular involvement in patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome.SJOGRENSER registry is a multicenter cross-sectional study (...) in the multivariate analysis, OR 2.079 (95% CI 1.096-3.941).Severe or very severe dry eye is associated with the presence of inflammatory joint involvement in patients with pSS. These results suggest that a directed anamnesis including systemic comorbidities, such as the presence of inflammatory joint involvement or dry mouth in patients with dry eye, would be useful to suspect a pSS.

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2018 Rheumatology international

80. Will mouth wash solutions of water, salt, sodiumbicarbonate or citric acid improve upper gastrointestinal symptoms in chronic kidney disease. (PubMed)

Will mouth wash solutions of water, salt, sodiumbicarbonate or citric acid improve upper gastrointestinal symptoms in chronic kidney disease. Uraemic symptoms including taste changes, nausea and dry retching are common in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Taste buds detect five basic tastes: sweet, salty, sour, umami and bitter. Saliva in CKD usually has increased concentrations of urea, sodium, potassium, phosphate and higher pH levels. Genetic sensitivities to the bitter taste, with the changes (...) of salt, bicarbonate, citric acid and de-ionised water were trialled in randomized order for patient reaction and symptom improvement.All 42 patients experienced anorexia, 39 (93%) reported taste changes, 27 (48%) nausea and 27 (48%) dry retching. All solutions improved symptoms in some patients. Sodium bicarbonate (P = 0.005) gave the greatest improvement in mouth feel and symptom control compared with the least favoured citric acid solution. Sixty-six percent of patients found sodium bicarbonate

2017 Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)

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