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161. INTERACTING DISCIPLINES: Cardiac natriuretic peptides and obesity: perspectives from an endocrinologist and a cardiologist (PubMed)

INTERACTING DISCIPLINES: Cardiac natriuretic peptides and obesity: perspectives from an endocrinologist and a cardiologist Since their discovery in 1981, the cardiac natriuretic peptides (cNP) atrial natriuretic peptide (also referred to as atrial natriuretic factor) and brain natriuretic peptide have been well characterised in terms of their renal and cardiovascular actions. In addition, it has been shown that cNP plasma levels are strong predictors of cardiovascular events and mortality

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2015 Endocrine connections

162. Prevalence and characteristics of asthma in the aquatic disciplines. (PubMed)

Prevalence and characteristics of asthma in the aquatic disciplines. Despite the health benefits of swimming as a form of exercise, evidence exists that both the swimming pool environment and endurance exercise are etiologic factors in the development of asthma. The prevalence of asthma in swimmers is high compared with that in participants in other Olympic sport disciplines. There are no publications comparing the prevalence of asthma in the 5 aquatic disciplines.The purpose of this study (...) is to examine and compare the prevalence of asthma in the aquatic disciplines and in contrast with other Olympic sports.Therapeutic Use Exemptions containing objective evidence of athlete asthma/airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were collected for all aquatic athletes participating in swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo, and open water swimming for major events during the time period from 2004-2009. The prevalence of asthma/AHR in the aquatic disciplines was analyzed for statistical

2015 Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

163. Failing to Focus on Healthy Aging: A Frailty of Our Discipline? (PubMed)

Failing to Focus on Healthy Aging: A Frailty of Our Discipline? The academic geriatrics community has provided outstanding leadership in addressing frailty and complexity in older adults, but a minority of older adults are frail. Although resources to treat older adults are limited, and it is appropriate to focus clinical efforts on those with frailty and multimorbidity, there is also important expertise that can be brought to bear on the health of ALL older adults. A review of the literature

2015 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

164. What kind of discipline is psychoanalysis? (PubMed)

What kind of discipline is psychoanalysis? Current controversies involving clinical, conceptual and empirical research shed light on how psychoanalysis confronts its nature and its future. Some relevant debates in which Wallerstein, Green, Hoffman, Eagle and Wolitzky, Safran, Stern, Blass and Carmeli, and Panksepp have participated are examined regarding the characteristics of their argumentation. Agreements and disagreements are explored to find ways that could have allowed the discussion (...) of triangulation and consilience is brought to bear regarding their contribution to the robustness of psychoanalysis. So as to strengthen a critical perspective that enhances the discipline's argumentative field, psychoanalysis should take into account arguments from different sources according to their specific merits. By doing this, psychoanalysis increases its relevance within the current interdisciplinary dialogue. Copyright © 2015 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

2015 International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

165. Characteristics of Internal Medicine Physicians Disciplined by Professional Colleges in Canada. (PubMed)

Characteristics of Internal Medicine Physicians Disciplined by Professional Colleges in Canada. Physician misconduct is of serious concern to patient safety and quality of care. Currently, there are limited data on disciplinary proceedings involving internal medicine (IM) physicians.The aim of this study was to investigate the number and nature of disciplinary cases among IM physicians compared with those of other disciplined physicians.Our retrospective study reviewed information from all (...) provincial Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons (CPS) and compiled a database of all disciplined physicians from 2000 to 2013 in Canada. Disciplinary rate differences (RDs) were calculated for IM physicians and compared with other physicians.From 2000 to 2013, overall disciplinary rates were low (9.6 cases per 10,000 physician years). There were 899 disciplinary cases, 49 of which involved 45 different IM physicians. IM physicians comprised 10.8% of all disciplined physicians and were disciplined

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2015 Medicine

166. Decreasing harsh discipline in mothers at risk for maltreatment: a randomized control trial. (PubMed)

Decreasing harsh discipline in mothers at risk for maltreatment: a randomized control trial. This study tested the effectiveness of the attachment-based program Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD; F. Juffer, M.J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, & M.H. van IJzendoorn, 2008) in decreasing harsh discipline of 43 mothers and their 1- to 4-year-old-children from severely deprived families. Based on previous studies, parenting stress was tested (...) as a potential moderator of intervention effects on harsh discipline. Using a randomized control design, maternal harsh discipline was observed during home visits at the pretest and posttest, and mothers filled in questionnaires at both assessments. The VIPP-SD proved to be effective in decreasing maternal harsh discipline, but only for mothers who experienced higher levels of parenting stress at intake. These findings provide support for the program's ability to improve parenting in families who are most

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2015 Infant mental health journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

167. Effects of Stability Balls on Children's On-Task Behavior, Academic Achievement, and Discipline Referrals: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of Stability Balls on Children's On-Task Behavior, Academic Achievement, and Discipline Referrals: A Randomized Controlled Trial. We used a randomized controlled design to investigate whether using stability balls during the school day was associated with higher levels of on-task behavior and academic achievement and fewer discipline referrals.Over 9 mo, students in 2 second-grade classrooms in a southeastern rural elementary school used stability balls as chairs while students in 2 (...) control classrooms used chairs as usual. We collected measures of on-task behavior, standardized measures of literacy and mathematics achievement, and discipline referrals.We found similar levels of on-task behavior and achievement in treatment and control classrooms and a downward trend in disruptive behaviors in treatment classrooms.This study did not find use of stability balls for entire general education classrooms to be a practical use of resources for schools. More research with rigorous

2015 The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

168. Disciplined doctors: does the sex of a doctor matter? A cross-sectional study examining the association between a doctor's sex and receiving sanctions against their medical registration. (PubMed)

Disciplined doctors: does the sex of a doctor matter? A cross-sectional study examining the association between a doctor's sex and receiving sanctions against their medical registration. To examine the association between doctors' sex and receiving sanctions on their medical registration, while controlling for other potentially confounding variables.Cross-sectional study.The General Medical Council (GMC)'s List of Registered Medical Practitioners (LRMP) database of doctors practising

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2014 BMJ open

169. Advancing research transdisciplinarity within our discipline. (PubMed)

Advancing research transdisciplinarity within our discipline. Advancing biomedical knowledge is crucial to the understanding of disease pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and the maintenance of health. Whereas collaborative pursuits among basic and translational scientists, clinical researchers, and clinicians should advance biomedical progress and its translation to better medicine. The field of obstetrics and gynecology and its subspecialties has not escaped this problem. Obstetrics

2014 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

170. Comparing disciplines: Outcomes of non melanoma cutaneous malignant lesions in oral and maxillofacial surgery and dermatology. (PubMed)

Comparing disciplines: Outcomes of non melanoma cutaneous malignant lesions in oral and maxillofacial surgery and dermatology. 300 cases of non-melanoma cutaneous lesion procedures carried out by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Dermatology departments in a North West London hospital over a 6 month period between September 2011 and February 2012 were included in a retrospective case control study. The results from each speciality were compared. The mean age of the OMFS group was 75.8

2014 European Journal of Surgical Oncology

171. Personalized Medicine Across Disciplines and without Borders. Vural Özdemir speaks to Hannah Wilson, Commissioning Editor (PubMed)

Personalized Medicine Across Disciplines and without Borders. Vural Özdemir speaks to Hannah Wilson, Commissioning Editor Vural Özdemir began his career as a medical doctor in Turkey in 1990, as a scientist at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto (ON, Canada), where he obtained his MSc and PhD in clinical pharmacology (1998), and subsequently completed a 4-year postdoctoral fellowship in personalized medicine with the late Werner Kalow, a founding pioneer in the field

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2014 Personalized medicine

172. An overview of the challenges in designing, integrating, and delivering BARD: a public chemical biology resource and query portal across multiple organizations, locations, and disciplines (PubMed)

An overview of the challenges in designing, integrating, and delivering BARD: a public chemical biology resource and query portal across multiple organizations, locations, and disciplines Recent industry-academic partnerships involve collaboration among disciplines, locations, and organizations using publicly funded "open-access" and proprietary commercial data sources. These require the effective integration of chemical and biological information from diverse data sources, which presents key

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2014 Journal of biomolecular screening

173. Healing Circles: An Ethnographic Study of the Interactions Among Health and Healing Practitioners From Multiple Disciplines (PubMed)

Healing Circles: An Ethnographic Study of the Interactions Among Health and Healing Practitioners From Multiple Disciplines "Healing circle" is a term that has been employed by a group of Northern California integrative medicine researchers as we embarked on an 8-year ethnographic study. As a clinical medical anthropologist and registered nurse specializing in integrative practice and behavioral health, I undertook this study with colleagues from various health disciplines.

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2014 Global Advances in Health and Medicine

174. Cardiovascular oncology: a new discipline inside internal medicine? (PubMed)

Cardiovascular oncology: a new discipline inside internal medicine? Cardiovascular disease and cancer incidence and prevalence have risen over the past few decades to become the leading causes of death. On the one hand, cancer patients will be treated with cardiotoxic chemotherapies; on the other, cardiovascular patients will receive a new diagnosis of cancer and will have to face treatments that may worsen their disease. Moreover, venous thromboembolism can commonly complicate the natural

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2014 Internal and emergency medicine

175. Does fiscal discipline towards subnational governments affect citizens' well-being? Evidence on health. (PubMed)

Does fiscal discipline towards subnational governments affect citizens' well-being? Evidence on health. This paper aims to assess the impact on citizens' well-being of fiscal discipline imposed by the central government on subnational governments. Because healthcare policies involve strategic interactions between different layers of governments in many different countries, we focus on a particular dimension of well-being, namely citizens' health. We model fiscal discipline by considering

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2014 Health economics

176. Effect of the discipline of formal faculty advisors on medical student experience and career interest (PubMed)

Effect of the discipline of formal faculty advisors on medical student experience and career interest To examine whether the discipline (family medicine vs other specialty) of formally assigned faculty advisors affected medical student experience and career interest.Survey.University of Calgary in Alberta.A total of 104 medical students from the graduating class of 2011.Number of times medical students met with their advisors, topics of discussions, interest in family medicine, and overall (...) medical school experience. For binary categorical variables, χ2 tests of significance were computed, and t tests were used for count and Likert-scale variables.Overall, 89 (86%) surveys were returned. Significant differences were noted when the discipline of the faculty advisor (family medicine vs Royal College specialty) was considered. Family medicine faculty advisors met with their students more often (P = .03) and were more likely to have a beneficial effect on the medical school experience (P

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2014 Canadian Family Physician

177. Oxidative stress status in elite athletes engaged in different sport disciplines (PubMed)

Oxidative stress status in elite athletes engaged in different sport disciplines Exercise training may increase production of free radicals and reactive oxygen species in different ways. The training type and intensity may influence free radicals production, which leads to differences in oxidative stress status between athletes, but the results of the previous studies are incosistent. The aim of our study was to estimate oxidative stress status in elite athletes engaged in different sport (...) disciplines. The study included 39 male highly skilled professional competitors with international experience (2 Olympic players): 12 wrestlers, 14 soccer players and 13 basketball players in whom we determined the levels of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and malondialdehyde (MDA), as markers of oxidative stress and the total antioxidative capacity (ImAnOX) using commercially available assay kits. The mean AOPP concentration was not significantly different between soccer players, wrestler

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2014 Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences

178. Clinical concept mapping: Does it improve discipline-based critical thinking of nursing students? (PubMed)

Clinical concept mapping: Does it improve discipline-based critical thinking of nursing students? Enhancing nursing students' critical thinking is a challenge faced by nurse educators. This study aimed at determining the effect of clinical concept mapping on discipline-based critical thinking of nursing students.In this quasi-experimental post-test only design, a convenient sample of 4(th) year nursing students (N = 32) participated. They were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental

2014 Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

179. Frustration influences impact of history and disciplinary attitudes on physical discipline decision making. (PubMed)

Frustration influences impact of history and disciplinary attitudes on physical discipline decision making. Although intergenerational patterns of punitive physical punishment garner considerable research attention, the mechanisms by which historical, cognitive, and contextual factors interplay to influence disciplinary responding remains poorly understood. Disciplinary attitudes have been shown to mediate the association between disciplinary history and disciplinary responding. The present (...) study investigated whether frustration influences these mediation effects. Half of a sample of 330 undergraduates was randomly assigned to frustration induction. Structural equation modeling confirmed that, for participants in the frustration condition, the relation between disciplinary history and physical discipline decision-making was fully mediated by attitudes approving physical discipline. In contrast, for respondents in the no-frustration condition, the pathway from disciplinary history

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2014 Aggressive behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

180. Research brief: using a Wiki to support student nurses learning discipline specific health terminology. (PubMed)

Research brief: using a Wiki to support student nurses learning discipline specific health terminology. This study aimed to clarify whether a collaborative exercise using a Wiki to teach nursing students health-specific terminology resulted in better learning. In one New Zealand School of Nursing a list of health-related and discipline-specific terms was created, first-year nursing students were expected to learn these before their initial clinical practice. However, students found the terms

2014 Nursing praxis in New Zealand inc Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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